Michael Oren

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Michael Oren
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New York (state)>New York, U.S.| death_date = | death_place = Israeli nationality law>Israeli (1979–present)HTTPS://WWW.NYTIMES.COM/2009/09/26/WORLD/MIDDLEEAST/26OREN.HTML>TITLE=ISRAELI AMBASSADOR DRAWS ON AMERICAN ROOTS, American (1955–2009)| alma_mater = Columbia UniversityPrinceton University| religion = JudaismSally Edelstein2016DATE=16 AUGUST 2017LAST=BRINN, David, | children = 3Flag of Israel.svg}} State of Israel24px) Israel Defense Forces| website =weblink}}

Michael Bornstein Oren (Hebrew: מיכאל אורן; born Michael Scott Bornstein; May 20, 1955) is an American-born Israeli historian, author, politician, former ambassador to the United States (2009–2013), and former member of the Knesset for the Kulanu party and a former Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Office.NEWS,weblink Michael Oren appointed Deputy Minister of the Prime Minister's office, The Jerusalem Post {{!,|access-date=2017-04-23}}"Michael Oren appointed to US envoy role", Jerusalem Post, May 2, 2009Oren has written books, articles, and essays on Middle Eastern history, and is the author of the New York Times best-selling Power, Faith and Fantasy and (Six Days of War|Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East), which won the Los Angeles Times History Book of the Year Award and the National Jewish Book Award. Oren has been a visiting professor at Harvard, Yale, and Georgetown universities in the United States and at Tel Aviv and Hebrew universities in Israel. He was a Distinguished Fellow at the Shalem Center in Jerusalem and a contributing editor to The New Republic. The Forward named Oren one of the five most influential American Jews and The Jerusalem Post listed him as one of the world’s ten most influential Jews.Oren retired as ambassador to the United States in 2013, replaced by Ron Dermer. In the 2015 Israeli election, Oren was elected to the Knesset for the centrist Kulanu party.NEWS, Mr. Oren goes to Jerusalem (from Washington),weblink March 20, 2015, Ha'aretz, March 20, 2015,

Personal life and background

Oren was born Michael Scott Bornstein in upstate New York, the son of Marilyn (née Goldstein), a marriage and family therapist, and Lester Milton Bornstein, a hospital director.Ginsberg, Johanna. "Former New Jerseyan to be Israel's Envoy to U.S.; Author Michael Oren was Mountain High and Princeton grad", New Jersey Jewish News, May 7, 2009. Accessed November 19, 2012.BOOK, Turk Rosenblatt, Judith, Who's Who in World Jewry: A Biographical Dictionary of Outstanding Jews, Who's Who in World Jewry, 1987, 64, 0961827203, His father had served as an officer in the U.S. Army who took part in the D-Day invasion of Normandy and in the Battle of the Bulge in 1944 and participated in the Korean War."Enjoying Every Minute", Haaretz {{webarchive |url= |date=September 30, 2009 }} Oren grew up in West Orange, New Jersey, in a Conservative Jewish household. He attended West Orange High School.Bumiller, Elisabeth. "Israeli Diplomat Is Man in Middle", New York Times, September 17, 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012. "Raised in a conservative Jewish family in West Orange, N.J., Mr. Oren worked on a kibbutz at 15, was educated at Princeton and Columbia, immigrated to Israel and spent multiple tours in the Israeli Army...." As the only Jewish boy in a heavily Catholic neighborhood, he says he experienced antisemitism. In his youth, he was an activist in Zionist and Jewish youth groups such as United Synagogue Youth. A meeting with then–Israeli ambassador to the United States, Yitzhak Rabin, strengthened Oren's decision to move to Israel."Commemoration of Prime Minister Rabin's z"l 90th Birthday", Embassy of Israel, February 29, 2012 {{webarchive |url= |date=March 8, 2012 }} Reading about Rabin sparked Oren's interest in the Israeli ambassadorship to Washington, a post he would eventually attain. Oren won two gold medals at the 1977 Maccabiah Games in rowing, a sport in which he remains active.WEB,weblink C-SPAN Transcript of 2002 Interview with Michael Oren, 11 April 2018,weblink" title="">weblink 2016-04-21, dead, At age 15, he made his first trip to Israel with the youth movement Habonim Dror, working on Kibbutz Gan Shmuel. In 1973, Oren won first prize in the PBS National Young Filmmaker’s contest for the film, Comrades in Arms, which he wrote and directed. In the summer of 1976, he worked as gofer for Orson Welles.In 1977 Oren completed his undergraduate degree from Columbia College. He continued his studies at Columbia, receiving a Masters in International Affairs in 1978 from the School of International and Public Affairs, where he was an International Fellow and a DACOR Fellow.WEB,weblink Michael B. Oren,, 2017-04-23, After college, he spent a year as an adviser to the Israeli delegation to the United Nations.In 1979 Oren emigrated to Israel."An interview with Michael Oren"{{dead link|date=January 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}, The Jerusalem Post, January 18, 2007. Upon assuming Israeli citizenship, he changed his last name from "Bornstein" to "Oren", meaning "pine tree" in Hebrew. (He renounced his American citizenship in 2009 upon his nomination as ambassador to the United States, since Israeli law prohibits international representatives from holding dual nationality.)A few years later Oren returned to the United States to continue his education, studying at Princeton University. In 1986 he earned an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Near Eastern Studies from Princeton.WEB,weblink Princeton - Weekly Bulletin 11/18/02 - Nassau Notes,, 2017-04-23, In 1982 he married Sally Edelstein, who was born in San Francisco and immigrated to Israel in 1981. They have three children.WEB,weblink Israels new ambassador to U.S. has strong S.F. ties, 2009-05-08, J., 2017-04-23, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, 19 January 2012, Ambassador Michael Oren Biography, 11 April 2018, In an article published in The Atlantic, Jeffrey Goldberg profiled Sally's acquaintance with rock stars Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and Jefferson Airplane. Marty Balin, one of the main songwriters of Jefferson Airplane, wrote two songs about her in the 1960s.NEWS,weblink Six Degrees of Sally Oren, Goldberg, Jeffrey, The Atlantic, 2017-04-23, en-US, Oren's nephew is comedian Jon Rudnitsky.NEWS,weblink MK Michael Oren congratulates nephew on joining cast of SNL, The Jerusalem Post {{!,|access-date=2017-04-23}}

Military service

In 1979, Oren began his military service in the Israel Defense Forces. He served as a paratrooper in the 1982 Lebanon War.{{webarchive |url=*weblink |date=* }} Michael Oren's Official Website His unit was caught in a Syrian ambush on the second day of the war. His commander was killed and nearly everyone was wounded. He then joined a unit stationed in Sidon. A day after his wedding, in the summer of 1982, Oren returned to Beirut.Following his regular military service, Oren volunteered to work with the Zionist underground in the Soviet Union. Sent to make contact with Zionist groups in Ukraine, he was repeatedly arrested by the KGB."Oren's work with the Zionist underground", Haaretz, September 27, 2009.During the Persian Gulf War he was Israeli liaison officer to the U.S. Sixth Fleet. He was called up for reserve duty for the 2005 Gaza disengagement, and participated in the evacuation of settlements.WEB,weblink Israeli Soldier Oren Shares Gaza Story {{!, News {{!}} The Harvard Crimson||language=en|access-date=2017-04-23}} He served as an officer in the IDF Spokesman's Office during the 2006 Lebanon War. and the 2008–2009 Gaza War.Oren in the Spokesman's Office during the 2008–09 Israel–Gaza conflict, The New Republic, January 4, 2009.In February 2009, he delivered a lecture at Georgetown University on "The Gaza Operation: A Personal and Historical Perspective".{{YouTube|XcD19Oear_I,|Michael Oren, Gaza Lecture Part 1, January 28, 2009}} The Today Show broadcast a special segment, "The Oren Family at War."Today Show Segment on Oren Family at War, April 6, 2012

Academic career

In the 1980s and early 1990s, Oren taught at Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv University. In 1995, during the government of Yitzhak Rabin, Oren served as an advisor in inter-religious affairs at the Ministry of Religious Affairs.In 2006, Oren was a visiting professor at both Harvard University and Yale University, returning to Yale in 2007. Beginning in 2008, he became a visiting professor at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service for the 2008–09 academic year as part of the faculty associated with the Program for Jewish Civilization.WEB,weblink Center for Jewish Civilization {{!, Georgetown University||language=en|access-date=2017-04-23}}WEB,weblink Georgetown University,, 2017-04-23, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 2016-12-28, President George W. Bush appointed Oren to serve on the honorary delegation to accompany him to Jerusalem for the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the State of Israel in May 2008.WEB,weblink Bush Visit May Boost Olmert - The New York Sun,, 2017-04-23, While working at a think-tank in Jerusalem, Oren publicly opposed the 2003 Iraq war, believing at the time that America "should not get involved in state-building in a region where states are only held together by savage central power."DEPARTING AS AMBASSADOR, MICHAEL OREN IS STILL WORKING TO BRIDGE OBAMA-BIBI GAP By Lee SmithSeptember 25, 2013, Tablet Magazine


On May 3, 2009, Oren was appointed as ambassador of Israel to the United States by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, succeeding Sallai Meridor. Ambassador Oren had to give up his United States citizenship in order to assume this post.NEWS,weblink Israeli Ambassador Draws on American Roots, 25 September 2009, Mark Landler, The New York Times, Oren strongly criticized the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict report, which determined Israel was guilty of possible war crimes. In an October 2009 op-ed in The New Republic, he stated, "The Goldstone Report goes further than Ahmadinejad and the Holocaust deniers by stripping the Jews not only of the ability and the need but of the right to defend themselves."NEWS,weblink Deep Denial: Why The Holocaust Still Matters, 10 June 2009, Michael B. Oren, The New Republic, In October 2009, Oren declined an invitation to attend a conference hosted by J Street, an Israel advocacy group, which has been critical of the Israel government's foreign policy.weblink{{dead link|date=January 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} Oren called J Street "a unique problem" and that "it's significantly out of the mainstream."WEB,weblink In Shift, Oren Calls J Street ‘A Unique Problem’, 11 April 2018, However, the two have since come to a more congenial understanding, with Oren stating that "J Street has now come and supported Congressman [Howard] Berman's Iran sanction bill; it has condemned the Goldstone Report; it has denounced the British court's decision to try Tzipi Livni for war crimes, which puts J Street much more into the mainstream."WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2010-02-16,weblink" title="">weblink 2010-02-15, dead, Oren has initiated Israel outreach events for Irish Americans,{{YouTube|rgVDHfoq0a4|Ambassador Oren Celebrates Irish Culture}}, March 30, 2011 LatinoAmbassador Oren holds Hispanic outreach event, December 15, 2011 and LGBT leadership, and the Chinese embassy. He hosted the Israeli embassy’s first Iftar dinner.Ambassador Oren Hosts Iftar Dinner, Huffington Post, August 25, 2011On February 8, 2010, Oren spoke at the University of California, Irvine. During his speech Oren was interrupted by 11 protesters who shouted, "Michael Oren, propagating murder is not an expression of free speech,"NEWS,weblink 11 students arrested after disrupting Israeli ambassador's speech at UC Irvine, Raja Abdulrahim, February 9, 2010, Los Angeles Times, 12 February 2010, and "How many Palestinians did you kill?"WEB,weblink Muslim students scream 'killer' during Israel envoy speech in Irvine, California. Afterwards the students were peacefully escorted out of the hall, given citations, and let go., Natasha Mozgovaya, 9 February 2010, Ha'aretz, 12 February 2010, The outburst and subsequent arrest of the protesters sparked controversy over whether the protesters were exercising free speech, as they claimed they were, or whether it was a suppression of free speech (i.e., of the right of Oren and his audience to a free exchange of ideas), as university officials claimed.WEB,weblink On campus, is heckling free speech? Or just rude? -,, 2017-04-23, On September 23, 2011, a jury convicted 10 Muslim students, 7 from UC Irvine and 3 from UC Riverside, of disrupting Oren's February 2010 speech.NEWS, US court: Students guilty of disrupting Israeli envoy,weblink The charges and conviction were criticized by civil liberties advocates, as well as both Jewish and Muslim student groups.Oren has lectured at universities across the United States, including Tufts University, George Washington University, Harvard University, Emory University, University of California, Davis, University of Chicago, Northeastern University, Northwestern University, Penn State, Rice University, Dickinson College, Florida International University, Columbia University, University of Maryland, American University, the Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism at the University of Southern California and the United States Naval Academy.WEB,weblink Michael Oren Speaks to the U.S. Naval Academy, February 23, 2012, 11 April 2018,weblink" title="">weblink 2016-03-06, dead, Following the Gaza flotilla raid in May 2010, Oren wrote an op-ed in The New York Times, "An Assault, Cloaked in Peace", in which he accused the organizers of the flotilla of attempting to "create a provocation" in order to "put international pressure on Israel to drop the Gaza embargo". He further made the claim that the Mavi Marmara was "a vessel too large to be neutralized by technical means".WEB,weblink An Assault, Cloaked in Peace, Michael B. Oren, June 2, 2010, The New York Times, July 14, 2010, Oren attempted to influence a critical 2012 CBS report by Bob Simon about Palestinian Christians in Israel,WEB, Christians of the Holy Land,weblink CBS News, April 22, 2012, with some calling his interference an attempt to silence the American media.NEWS,weblink Obama corrects controversial Jewish Heritage Month proclamation, Natasha, Mozgovaya, 3 May 2012, Haaretz, 3 May 2012, Oren responded that at no point had he tried to prevent the 60 Minutes report, rather that he offered suggestions for balancing the segment.Ambassador Oren's Letter to 60 Minutes, BuzzFeed, April 26, 2012On July 5, 2013, he announced that he would be leaving his post as ambassador to the United States in fall 2013.WEB, Ron Dermer officially named Israel’s U.S. ambassador, July 9, 2013,weblink JTA, July 10, 2013, According to the Israeli daily Haaretz, insiders say that Oren wanted to keep his job, but was removed because Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's senior advisor Ron Dermer wanted the envoy post.WEB,weblink American Jewish groups welcome choice of Netanyahu's right hand man as U.S. envoy, JTA, Haaretz, July 10, 2013, July 10, 2013, Oren has received four honorary doctorates and has delivered commencement speeches at Brandeis,WEB,weblink Read Ambassador Michael B. Oren's commencement address - BrandeisNOW, BrandeisNOW, 11 April 2018, Monmouth University,Michael Oren's Address to Monmouth University {{webarchive|url= |date=2012-12-14 }}, Monmouth University, January 13, 2012 and Yeshiva University.Ambassador Michael B. Oren Addresses Yeshiva University {{webarchive|url= |date=2014-12-16 }} Yeshiva University, June 1, 2010 In 2011, he received the Outstanding Achievers with Learning Disabilities Award from the Lab School of Washington, D.C.Ambassador Oren's Address to the Lab School, Embassy of Israel He delivered the keynote address at 2012 Equality Forum on LGBT rights in Israel.Ambassador Oren's Speech to the Equality Forum on LGBT Rights in Israel, Embassy of Israel, May 5, 2012


Political commentary

Oren has written many articles commenting on current political issues. Before assuming his diplomatic post, he published frequently in the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and The New Republic, where he was a contributing editor.From The TNR Archives: Michael B. Oren, The New Republic website, April 21, 2009. He appeared on Charlie Rose, The Daily Show,Daily Show Interview with Michael Oren, The Daily Show. the Today Show, and he John Batchelor Show. As ambassador, he has published nearly forty op-eds and has given dozens of television interviews, including Bill Maher, Colbert Report, The View, and The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer.His two full-length articles "Israel: The Ultimate Ally"The Ultimate Ally, Foreign Policy, May 2011. and "Israel's Resilient Democracy",Israel's Resilient Democracy, Foreign Policy, April 5, 2012. were published in Foreign Policy magazine.In July 2014 Oren argued against a ceasefire and for the continuation of the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, calling on the international community to leave Israel alone to defang and deprive Hamas of its heavy arms and make it pay a "prohibitive cost."NEWS, Ex Israeli ambassador slams ceasefir,weblink 28 July 2014, Israel Herald, On June 15, 2015 Oren gave a speech at the Leonardo Hotel in Jerusalem, in which he said that the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement poses a "strategic threat" to Israel, which needs to fight it "like a war, which it is". He also warned that the U.S. is gambling with Israel's future over Iran, saying that the U.S. "can afford to make a mistake" with them, while "Israel has zero room for error", adding: "The United States has the most powerful army in all of history, they're thousands of miles away from Iran, and they don't feel any direct threat. Israel is in Iran's backyard, and faces a clear and direct threat from Iranian proxies such as Hezbollah and Hamas. The IDF is a strong military force, but does not have the capacity and magnitude the US Army has to deter aggression."WEB,weblink Israeli Ambassador Oren Blames ‘Bully in Chief’ Obama for Damaging US-Israel Relations, UWI, 11 April 2018, Also during June 2015, an op-ed piece by Oren published in the Wall Street Journal claimed that Barack Obama had deliberately sabotaged US-Israeli relations, resulting in Kulanu leader Moshe Kahlon distancing himself and the party from Oren's stated views.WEB,weblink Michael B. Oren’s ‘Ally: My Journey Across the American-Israeli Divide’, Heilbrunn, Jacob, Jacob Heilbrunn, 6 July 2015,, 19 July 2015, Shortly afterwards another article by Oren was published by Foreign Policy, which argued that Obama's outreach to the Muslim world as highlighted by his Cairo speech was partly rooted in "abandonment" by his father and stepfather.WEB,weblink How Obama Opened His Heart to the ‘Muslim World’, Oren, Michael, 19 June 2015, Foreign Policy, 19 July 2015, Oren was criticised by Abe Foxman of the Anti-Defamation League, who said that Oren's theorising "veers into the realm of conspiracy theories... with an element of amateur psychoanalysis", and characterised the Foreign Policy article as "borderline stereotyping".WEB,weblink ADL demands Michael Oren walk back ‘unjustified attack’ on Obama, Lewis, Avi, 22 June 2015, The Times of Israel, 19 July 2015, In 2015, Oren published Ally: My Journey Across the American-Israeli Divide (June 2015), which aimed to describe the recent state of Israel–US relations.With ‘Ally,’ Michael Oren lifts the veil on U.S.-Israel relations June 21, 2015 by Ben Cohen / The book has received both praise and criticism,Michael Oren, were you disappointed by the state of American Jewry? A conversation by Shmuel Rosner, Jewish Journal, June 22nd 2015 including a negative review by Philip Gordon, the White House's "point man" for the Middle East during Oren's time as ambassador, titled "Bibi's man in D.C., still spinning for the boss."WEB,weblink Bibi's man in D.C., still spinning for the boss, Philip, Gordon, Philip Gordon, June 26, 2015, The Washington Post, June 28, 2015, In response to its controversial reception, Oren stated: "So far a lot of things have been said about me. ... I obviously touched a nerve."Michael Oren: I obviously touched a nerve Israel Hayom, Newsletter Friday June 26, 2015 Noah Efron wrote in Haaretz that the book, which continued the self-professed "armchair psychoanalyzing" of the U.S. President, "meshes snugly with the racist fantasies of rabid right-wing bloggers and so-called birthers who see in Barack Obama’s African father and Indonesian stepfather indications that he is not a real American."NEWS,weblink Michael Oren’s 'Ally’ a Profoundly un-Zionist Book, Efron, Noah, 2015-07-06, Haaretz, 2017-04-23, en, Efron also chided Oren for failing to assign any responsibility to Israeli for the decline in US-Israel relations, calling the book "profoundly un-Zionist."

Middle East history

Power, Faith and Fantasy, a history of American involvement in the Middle East, was published by Norton and quickly became a New York Times bestseller. Power, Faith and Fantasy earned positive reviews from Newsweek, The Washington Post, The New York Times Book Review, the San Francisco Chronicle, and the Willamette Week.Newsweek review {{webarchive|url= |date=2011-07-14 }}NEWS,weblink How America Met the Mideast, 2007-01-21, The Washington Post, 2017-04-23, en-US, 0190-8286, NEWS,weblink Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, 1776 to the Present. By Michael B. Oren - Books - Review, Rodenbeck, Max, 2007-01-28, The New York Times, 2017-04-23, 0362-4331, NEWS,weblink America and the Mideast, long before the Bushes, SFGate, 2017-04-23, review {{webarchive|url= |date=2007-04-03 }}Oren's Six Days of War is an historical account of the events of the Six-Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbors. The book was widely praised by critics and won the Los Angeles Times Book Prize for History and the National Jewish Book Award. It spent seven weeks on the New York Times bestseller list.NEWS, The New York Times, BEST SELLERS: August 18, 2002, 2002-08-18, 2008-03-26,weblink The New York Times Book Review wrote positively of Six Days of War,NEWS,weblink New York Times, Short Conflict, Far-Reaching Consequences, Richard, Bernstein, July 17, 2002, May 12, 2010, as did the Washington Post, which called it "not only the best book so far written on the Six Day War, it is likely to remain the best".WEB,weblink Washington Post: Breaking News, World, US, DC News & Analysis, Washington Post, 2017-04-23, Oren's Ph.D. thesis, "The Origins of the Second Arab-Israel War: Israel, Egypt, and the Great Powers, 1952-1956," was published in 1992.


Oren has written two works of fiction. Sand Devil, published in 2000, is a trilogy of novellas set in the Negev desert. Reunion, based on his father’s stories from World War II, appeared in 2004.

Knesset career

Oren was given the fourth spot on the list of the new Kulanu party before Israel's 2015 elections, adding foreign policy credentials to a party that campaigned almost exclusively on economic issues.Aron Heller, NETANYAHU'S FORMER US ENVOY NOW AMONG HIS ISRAELI RIVALS, Associated Press, 9 March 2015 He was elected and, on March 31, sworn in as a Member of Israel's 20th Knesset, serving on its Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. On August 1, 2016, it was announced that Oren would be appointed as deputy minister in charge of public diplomacy.Times of Israel, "Michael Oren named deputy minister in charge of public diplomacy," August 1, 2016,weblink


Oren supported the creation of a new Israeli national holiday, Yom HaAliyah (, Aliyah Day) to be celebrated annually on the tenth of the Hebrew month of Nisan ().Israel approves holiday to celebrate contribution of immigrants Jewish News, 22 June 2014 On 21 June 2016 the Knesset voted in favor of adding Yom HaAliyah to the national calendar.New National Holiday in Israel JWire, 22 June 2016 The Yom HaAliyah bill was co-sponsored by Knesset members from different parties in a rare instance of cooperation across the political spectrum.Israel approves holiday to celebrate contribution of immigrants Haaretz, 24 June 2016 The day chosen for Yom HaAliyah is, according to the biblical narrative, the day Joshua and the Israelites crossed the Jordan River at Gilgal into the Promised Land. It was thus the first documented "mass Aliyah".Yehoshua - Joshua - Chapter 4 Chabad

Published work

  • Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. Presidio Press. (2002) {{ISBN|978-0-345-46192-6}}.
  • Reunion. New York: Plume. (2003) {{ISBN|978-1-931561-26-6}}.
  • Power, Faith and Fantasy: The United States in the Middle East, 1776 to 2006. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. (2007) {{ISBN|978-0-393-33030-4}}.
  • New Essays on Zionism. Shalem Press. (2007) {{ISBN|978-965-7052-44-0}} (editor, with David Hazony and Yoram Hazony).
  • Ally: My Journey Across the American-Israeli Divide. Random House. (2015) {{ISBN|978-081-2996-41-8}}.



External links

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{{Current MKs}}{{Current government of Israel}}{{Israeli ambassadors to the United States}}{{Authority control}}

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