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Melilla
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{{Hatnote|For other uses, see Melilla (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Melila.}}{{Use dmy dates|date=November 2014}}







factoids
Autonomous cities of Spain>Autonomous city| image_skyline = Vista desde Melilla la Vieja.jpg| image_caption = Port of Melilla| image_flag = Flag Melilla.svg| flag_alt = Flag of Melilla| image_shield = Coat of Arms of Melilla.svg| shield_alt = Coat-of-arms of Melilla«Praeferre Patriam Liberis Parentem Decet» (Latin)({{smaller>"It is seemly for a parent to put his fatherland before his children"}})''«Ne plus ultra»'' (Latin)({{smaller>"Nothing more beyond"}})275px|Map of Melilla)| map_caption = Location of Melilla35N57region:ES-ML_type:city|display=inline,title}}| subdivision_type = CountrySpain}}Autonomous communities of Spain#Autonomous cities>Autonomous city| subdivision_name1 = MelillaCitizens (Spanish political party)>CsMayor-President of Melilla>Mayor-President| leader_name = Eduardo de Castro| area_total_km2 = 12.3List of Spanish autonomous communities by area>19thpopulation_as_of}}population_footnotes}}population_total}}| population_density_km2 = autoList of Spanish autonomous communities by population>19th| population_blank1_title = % of Spain| population_blank1 = 0.16%melillense (Spanish language>es)Central European Time>CET| utc_offset1 = +1Central European Summer Time>CEST| utc_offset1_DST = +2| postal_code_type = ISO 3166 code| postal_code = ES-ML| blank_name_sec1 = Official languagesSpanish language>Spanish| blank1_name_sec1 = Statute of Autonomy| blank1_info_sec1 = 14 March 1995| blank_name_sec2 = Parliament| blank_info_sec2 = Cortes GeneralesCongress of Deputies (Spain)>Congress| blank1_info_sec2 = 1 deputy (of 350)| website = www.melilla.esSpanish Senate>Senate| blank2_info_sec2 = 2 senators (of 264)}}Melilla ({{IPAc-en|US|m|ə|ˈ|l|iː|j|ə}} {{respell|mə|LEE|yə}}, {{IPAc-en|UK|m|ɛ|ˈ|-}} {{respell|meh|-}},"Melilla" (US) and OXFORD DICTIONARIES, Melilla, 19 May 2019, MERRIAM-WEBSTER, Melilla, 19 May 2019, {{IPA-es|meˈliʎa|lang}}; YAHIA Jahfar Hassan (2014): Curso de lengua tamazight, nivel elemental. Caminando en la didáctica de la lengua rifeña. Melilla: GEEPP Ed.) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of {{cvt|12.3|km2}}. Melilla is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being Ceuta. It was part of the Province of Málaga until 14 March 1995, when the city's Statute of Autonomy was passed.Melilla, like Ceuta, was a free port before Spain joined the European Union.{{citation needed|date=December 2016}} In 2011 it had a population of 78,476, made up of Catholics of Iberian origin (primarily from Andalusia and Catalonia), ethnic Riffian Berbers and a small number of Sephardic Jews and Sindhi Hindus. Spanish and Riffian-Berber are the two most widely spoken languages, with Spanish as the only official language.Melilla, like Ceuta, is officially claimed by Morocco.WEB,weblink Morocco Restates Claim to Ceuta and Melilla, 1 February 2006, 18 May 2018, Expatica, WEB,weblink Gibraltar in Reverse, 21 February 2002, The Economist, 18 May 2018,

History

The current Berber name of Melilla is Mřič or Mlilt, which means the "white one". Melilla was an ancient Berber village and a Phoenician and later Punic trade establishment under the name of Rusadir (Rusaddir for the Romans and Russadeiron () for the Greeks). Later it became a part of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana. Rusaddir is mentioned by Ptolemy (IV, 1) and Pliny (V, 18) who called it "oppidum et portus", also cited by Mela (I, 33) as Rusicada, and by the Itinerarium Antonini.s:Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Rusaddir|Sophrone Pétridès, "Rusaddir" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1912)]] Rusaddir was supposed to have once been the seat of a bishop, but there is no record of any bishop of the supposed see, which is not included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, {{ISBN|978-88-209-9070-1}}), p. 960 As centuries passed, it went through Vandal, Byzantine and Hispano-Visigothic hands. The political history is similar to that of towns in the region of the Moroccan Rif and southern Spain. Local rule passed through Amazigh, Phoenician, Punic, Roman, Umayyad, Idrisid, Almoravid, Almohad, Marinid, and then Wattasid rulers. During the Middle Ages, it was the Berber city of Mlila. It was part of the Kingdom of Fez when the Catholic Monarchs, Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon requested Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia, to take the city.In the Conquest of Melilla, the duke sent Pedro Estopiñán, who conquered the city virtually without a fight in 1497,{{citation|url=http://www.ayuntamiento.es/comunidades_melilla.php |title=Ayuntamientos de España |publisher=Ayuntamiento.es |date= |accessdate=7 March 2012}} a few years after Castile had taken control of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, the last remnant of Al-Andalus, in 1492. Some Spaniards envisioned continuing the southward conquest of Muslim lands, deeper into Morocco, but such conquest was not seriously attempted, with Spain's conquering energy directed elsewhere, to the newly discovered continent across the Atlantic. Instead, Melilla was immediately threatened with reconquest by the Muslims and was besieged during 1694–1696 and 1774–1775. One Spanish officer reflected, "an hour in Melilla, from the point of view of merit, was worth more than thirty years of service to Spain."Rezette, p. 41The current limits of the Spanish territory around the fortress were fixed by treaties with Morocco in 1859, 1860, 1861, and 1894. In the late 19th century, as Spanish influence expanded, Melilla became the only authorized centre of trade on the Rif coast between Tetuan and the Algerian frontier. The value of trade increased, goat skins, eggs and beeswax being the principal exports, and cotton goods, tea, sugar and candles being the chief imports.File:War in Morocco Death of Spanish general Margallo.JPG|thumb|upright|Illustration of the death of Spanish General Juan García y Margallo during the First Melillan campaignFirst Melillan campaignIn 1893, the Rif Berbers launched the First Melillan campaign and 25,000 Spanish soldiers had to be dispatched against them. The conflict was also known as the Margallo War, after the Governor of Melilla and Spanish General Juan García y Margallo, who was killed in the battle.
In 1908 two companies, under the protection of Bou Hmara, a chieftain then ruling the Rif region, started mining lead and iron some 20 kilometers (12.4 miles) from Melilla. A railway to the mines was begun. In October of that year the Bou Hmara's vassals revolted against him and raided the mines, which remained closed until June 1909. By July the workmen were again attacked and several of them killed. Severe fighting between the Spaniards and the tribesmen followed, in the Second Melillan campaign.In 1910, with the Rif having submitted, the Spaniards restarted the mines and undertook harbor works at Mar Chica, but hostilities broke out again in 1911. In 1921 the Berbers under the leadership of Abd el Krim inflicted a grave defeat on the Spanish (see Battle of Annual), and were not defeated until 1926, when the Spanish Protectorate finally managed to control the area again.(File:Estatua de Franco en Melilla.jpg|thumb|upright|The last statue of Franco in Spain)General Francisco Franco used the city as one of his staging grounds for his Nationalist rebellion in 1936, starting the Spanish Civil War. A statue of him – the last statue of Franco in Spain – is still prominently featured.On 6 November 2007, King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia visited the city, which caused a massive demonstration of support. The visit also sparked protests from the Moroccan government.{{citation|url=http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/Reyes/viajan/hoy/Melilla/calurosa/acogida/Ceuta/criticas/Marruecos/elpepuesp/20071106elpepunac_1/Tes |title=Mohamed VI "condena" y "denuncia" la visita "lamentable" de los Reyes de España a Ceuta y Melilla |publisher=Elpais.com |date=6 November 2007 |accessdate=7 March 2012}} It was the first time a Spanish monarch had visited Melilla in 80 years.Melilla (and Ceuta) have declared the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha or Feast of the Sacrifice, as an official public holiday from 2010 onward. This is the first time a non-Christian religious festival has been officially celebrated in Spain since the Reconquista.{{citation|url=http://spainforvisitors.com/module-News-display-sid-310.htm |title=Muslim Holiday in Ceuta and Melilla |publisher=Spainforvisitors.com |date= |accessdate=7 March 2012 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110929161344weblink |archivedate=29 September 2011 |df= }}{{citation | url=http://www.qppstudio.net/bankholidays2010/spain.htm |title=Public Holidays and Bank Holidays for Spain |publisher=Qppstudio.net |date= |accessdate=7 March 2012}}

Geography

missing image!
- Melilla en.png -
Map of Melilla
Melilla is located in the northwest of the African continent, next to the Alboran Sea and across the sea from the Spanish provinces of Granada and Almería. The city layout is arranged in a wide semicircle around the beach and the Port of Melilla, on the eastern side of the peninsula of Cape Tres Forcas, at the foot of Mount Gurugú and the mouth of the Río de Oro, {{convert|1|m|sp=us}} above sea level. The urban nucleus was originally a fortress, Melilla la Vieja, built on a peninsular mound about {{convert|30|m|sp=us}} in height.The Moroccan settlement of Beni Ansar lies immediately south of Melilla. The nearest Moroccan city is Nador, and the ports of Melilla and Nador are both within the same bay; nearby is the Bou Areg LagoonWorld Port Source about Port Nador, retrieved 10 June 2012

Political status

Local administration

Melilla has held local elections for its 25-seat legislature every four years since 1979. Since its Statute of Autonomy in 1995, the legislature has been called the Assembly and its leader the Mayor-President. In the most recent election in 2019, the People's Party (PP) won the most seats (10 seats), but could not maintain the role of Mayor-President for Juan José Imbroda, who had held office since 2000. The regionalist and leftist party Coalition for Melilla (CPM, 8 seats), the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE, 4 seats) and Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs, 1 seat) voted in favour of the candidate of Cs, Eduardo de Castro.NEWS,weblink Resultados Electorales en Melilla: Elecciones Municipales 2019 en EL PAÍS, Resultados.elpais.com, El País, 15 June 2019, NEWS, Alba, Nicolás,weblink El único diputado de Ciudadanos consigue la presidencia de Melilla tras 19 años de Gobierno del PP, El Mundo (Spain), El Mundo, 15 June 2019, 15 June 2019,

Subdivisions

Melilla is subdivided into eight districts (distritos), which are further subdivided into neighbourhoods (barrios):{{Div col|colwidth=30em}}
  • 1º
    • Barrio de Medina Sidonia.
    • Barrio del General Larrea.
    • Barrio de Ataque Seco.
  • 2º
    • Barrio Héroes de España.
    • Barrio del General Gómez Jordana.
    • Barrio Príncipe de Asturias.
  • 3º
    • Barrio del Carmen.
  • 4º
    • Barrio Polígono Residencial La Paz.
    • Barrio Hebreo-Tiro Nacional.
  • 5º
    • Barrio de Cristóbal Colón.
    • Barrio de Cabrerizas.
    • Barrio de Batería Jota.
    • Barrio de Hernán Cortes y Las Palmeras.
    • Barrio de Reina Regente.
  • 6º
    • Barrio de Concepción Arenal.
    • Barrio Isaac Peral (Tesorillo).
  • 7º
    • Barrio del General Real.
    • Polígono Industrial SEPES.
    • Polígono Industrial Las Margaritas.
    • Parque Empresarial La Frontera.
  • 8º
    • Barrio de la Libertad.
    • Barrio del Hipódromo.
    • Barrio de Alfonso XIII.
    • Barrio Industrial.
    • Barrio Virgen de la Victoria.
    • Barrio de la Constitución.
    • Barrio de los Pinares.
    • Barrio de la Cañada de Hidum
{{div col end}}

Dispute with Morocco

{{See also|Greater Morocco}}The government of Morocco has requested from Spain the sovereignty of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, Perejil Island, and some other small territories. The Spanish position is that both Ceuta and Melilla are integral parts of the Spanish state (and, therefore, are not considered colonies), and have been since the 15th century; both cities also have the same semi-autonomous status as the mainland region in Spain. Melilla has been under Spanish rule for longer than cities in northern Spain such as Pamplona or Tudela, and was conquered roughly in the same period as the last Muslim cities of Southern Spain such as Granada, Málaga, Ronda or Almería: Spain claims that the enclaves were established before the creation of the Kingdom of Morocco. Morocco denies these claims and maintains that the Spanish presence on or near its coast is a remnant of the colonial past which should be ended. The United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories does not include these Spanish territories and the dispute remains bilaterally debated between Spain and Morocco.* François Papet-Périn, "La mer d'Alboran ou Le contentieux territorial hispano-marocain sur les deux bornes européennes de Ceuta et Melilla". Tome 1, 794 p., tome 2, 308 p., thèse de doctorat d'histoire contemporaine soutenue en 2012 à Paris 1-Sorbonne sous la direction de Pierre Vermeren.NEWS, The battle over Ceuta, Spain's African Gibraltar, Telegraph, 10 August 2013, Govan, Fiona, 12 July 2018, Ceuta,weblink

Climate

Melilla has a warm Mediterranean climate influenced by its proximity to the sea, rendering much cooler summers and more precipitation than inland areas deeper into Africa. The climate, in general, has a lot in common with the type found in southern coastal Spain on the European mainland, with relatively small temperature differences between seasons.{{Weather box|location = Melilla 47 m (1981–2010)|metric first = yes|single line = yes|Jan record high C = 25.6|Feb record high C = 34.2|Mar record high C = 29.6|Apr record high C = 30.6|May record high C = 33.0|Jun record high C = 37.0|Jul record high C = 41.8|Aug record high C = 39.2|Sep record high C = 36.0|Oct record high C = 35.0|Nov record high C = 32.6|Dec record high C = 30.6|year record high C = 41.8|Jan high C = 16.7|Feb high C = 17.0|Mar high C = 18.5|Apr high C = 20.1|May high C = 22.5|Jun high C = 25.8|Jul high C = 28.9|Aug high C = 29.4|Sep high C = 27.1|Oct high C = 23.7|Nov high C = 20.3|Dec high C = 17.8|year high C = 22.3|Jan mean C = 13.3|Feb mean C = 13.8|Mar mean C = 15.2|Apr mean C = 16.6|May mean C = 19.1|Jun mean C = 22.4|Jul mean C = 25.3|Aug mean C = 25.9|Sep mean C = 23.8|Oct mean C = 20.4|Nov mean C = 17.0|Dec mean C = 14.6|year mean C = 18.9|Jan low C = 9.9|Feb low C = 10.6|Mar low C = 11.9|Apr low C = 13.2|May low C = 15.7|Jun low C = 19.0|Jul low C = 21.7|Aug low C = 22.4|Sep low C = 20.5|Oct low C = 17.2|Nov low C = 13.7|Dec low C = 11.2|year low C = 15.6|Jan record low C = 0.4|Feb record low C = 2.8|Mar record low C = 3.4|Apr record low C = 6.0|May record low C = 9.4|Jun record low C = 12.4|Jul record low C = 16.0|Aug record low C = 14.6|Sep record low C = 13.6|Oct record low C = 9.4|Nov record low C = 5.0|Dec record low C = 4.0|year record low C = 0.4|Jan precipitation mm= 58|Feb precipitation mm= 57|Mar precipitation mm= 44|Apr precipitation mm= 36|May precipitation mm= 20|Jun precipitation mm= 7|Jul precipitation mm= 1|Aug precipitation mm= 4|Sep precipitation mm= 16|Oct precipitation mm= 40|Nov precipitation mm= 57|Dec precipitation mm= 50|year precipitation mm= 391|unit precipitation days = 1.0 mm|Jan precipitation days = 6|Feb precipitation days = 6|Mar precipitation days = 5|Apr precipitation days = 5|May precipitation days = 3|Jun precipitation days = 1|Jul precipitation days = 0|Aug precipitation days = 1|Sep precipitation days = 2|Oct precipitation days = 4|Nov precipitation days = 6|Dec precipitation days = 6|year precipitation days = 44|Jan humidity = 72|Feb humidity = 74|Mar humidity = 73|Apr humidity = 69|May humidity = 67|Jun humidity = 67|Jul humidity = 66|Aug humidity = 69|Sep humidity = 72|Oct humidity = 75|Nov humidity = 74|Dec humidity = 73|year humidity = 71|Jan sun = 184|Feb sun = 170|Mar sun = 192|Apr sun = 220|May sun = 258|Jun sun = 279|Jul sun = 289|Aug sun = 268|Sep sun = 210|Oct sun = 194|Nov sun = 176|Dec sun = 168|year sun = 2607

Economy

The principal industry is fishing. Cross-border commerce (legal or smuggled) and Spanish and European grants and wages are the other income sources.Melilla is regularly connected to the Iberian peninsula by air and sea traffic and is also economically connected to Morocco: most of its fruit and vegetables are imported across the border. Moroccans in the city's hinterland are attracted to it: 36,000 Moroccans cross the border daily to work, shop or trade goods.English translation of Volkskrant article: Melilla North-Africa's European dream, 5 August 2010, visited 3 June 2012 The port of Melilla offers several daily connections to Almería and Málaga. Melilla Airport offers daily flights to Almería, Málaga and Madrid. Spanish operators Air Europa and Iberia operate in Melilla's airport.Many people travelling between Europe and Morocco use the ferry links to Melilla, both for passengers and for freight. Because of this, the port and related companies form an important economic driver for the city.

City culture and society

(File:Frente de la Marina, Melilla la Vieja.jpg|thumb|Old Town)Melilla's Capilla de Santiago, or James's Chapel, by the city walls, is the only authentic Gothic structure in Africa.In the first quarter of the 20th century, Melilla became a thriving port benefitting from the recently established Protectorate of Spanish Morocco in the contiguous Rif. The new architectural style of Modernisme was expressed by a new bourgeois class. This style, frequently referred to as the Catalan version of Art Nouveau, was extremely popular in the early part of the 20th century in Spain.The workshops inspired by the Catalan architect Enrique Nieto continued in the modernist style, even after Modernisme went out of fashion elsewhere. Accordingly, Melilla has the second most important concentration of Modernist works in Spain after Barcelona. Nieto was in charge of designing the main Synagogue, the Central Mosque and various Catholic Churches.WEB, Melilla Modernista, Nieto was in charge of designing the main Synagogue, the Central Mosque and various Catholic churches,weblink Melilla Turismo, 25 March 2013, File:Semana Santa en Melilla 2008 (2).jpg|thumb|left|Holy Week procession in Melilla]]Melilla has been praised as an example of multiculturalism, being a small city in which one can find four major religions represented. However, the Christian majority of the past, constituting around 65% of the population at one point, has been shrinking, while the number of native Muslim inhabitants has steadily increased to its present 45% of the population. The Jewish and Hindu communities have also been shrinking due to economic emigration to mainland Spain (notably Malaga and Madrid).Jews, who had lived in Melilla for centuries, have been leaving the city in recent years (from 20% of the population before World War II to less than 5% today). Most of the Jewish population has left for Israel and Venezuela. There is a small, autonomous, and commercially important Hindu community present in Melilla, which numbers about 100 members today.NEW, Melilla: Where Catalan "Modernisme" Meets North Africa,weblink Huffington Post, 19 September 2013, The amateur radio call sign used for both cities is EA9.{{citation|url=http://www.ac6v.com/prefixes.htm#E |title=Amateur Radio Prefixes |publisher=Ac6v.com |date= |accessdate=7 March 2012}}

Immigration

File:Verjamelilla.jpg|thumb|The Melilla border fenceMelilla border fenceMelilla has been a popular destination for refugees and people leaving countries with poor economies in order to enter the European Union. The border is secured by the Melilla border fence, a six-metre-tall double fence with watch towers; yet refugees frequently manage to cross it.WEB,weblink BBC News - Hundreds breach Spain enclave border, Bbc.co.uk, 28 May 2014, Detection wires, radar, and day/night vision cameras are planned to increase security and prevent illegal immigration. In February 2014, over 200 migrants from sub-Saharan Africa scaled a security fence to get into the Melilla migrant reception centre. The reception centre, built for 480 migrants, was already overcrowded with 1,300 people.NEWS,weblink African migrants storm into Spanish enclave of Melilla, 3 March 2014, 28 February 2014, BBC,

Transportation

(File:Air Nostrum (Iberia Regional) ATR ATR-72-500 (ATR-72-212A).jpg|thumb|ATR 72-600 Air Nostrum){{See also|Transport in Melilla}}(File:Ferry approaching Playa Blanca.jpg|thumb|Buque Naviera Armas)Melilla Airport is serviced by Air Nostrum, flying to the Spanish cities of Málaga, Madrid, Barcelona, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Granada, Badajoz, Sevilla and Almería. In April 2013, a local enterprise set up Melilla Airlines, flying from the city to Málaga.WEB,weblink Una nueva compañía aérea comunica Melilla con Málaga tras la marcha de Helitt – Transporte aéreo – Noticias, última hora, vídeos y fotos de Transporte aéreo en lainformacion.com, Noticias.lainformacion.com, 28 April 2013, 28 May 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131216050159weblink">weblink 16 December 2013, yes, dmy-all, The city is linked to Málaga, Almería and Motril by ferry.Three roads connect Melilla and Morocco but require clearance through border checkpoints.

Sport

File:Kitesurf-LNI Ostia race-2011-IMG0010.jpg|thumb|KitesurfingKitesurfing Melilla is a surfing destination.WEB,weblink Melilla - Weather Stations, Magicseaweed.com, 28 May 2014, The city's football club, UD Melilla, plays in the third tier of Spanish football, the Segunda División B. The club was founded in 1943 and since 1945 have played at the 12,000-seater Estadio Municipal Álvarez Claro. Until the other club was dissolved in 2012, UD Melilla played the Ceuta-Melilla derby against AD Ceuta. The clubs travelled to each other via the Spanish mainland to avoid entering Morocco.BOOK, Hawkey, Ian, Feet of the chameleon : the story of African football, 2009, Portico, London, 978-1-906032-71-5, The second-highest ranked club in the city are Casino del Real CF of the fourth-tier Tercera División. Football in the exclave is administered by the Melilla Football Federation.

Twin towns and sister cities

{{see also|List of twin towns and sister cities in Spain}}{{Refimprove section|date=February 2015}}Melilla is twinned with:{{citation needed|date=January 2015}}{{Div col|colwidth=22em}} {{div col end}}

Notable people

  • Joaquín García-Morato y Castaño, 1st Count of Jarama (1904 in Melilla – 1939 in Griñón) was the leading Nationalist fighter ace of the Spanish Civil War.BOOK, Beevor, Antony, Antony Beevor, The Spanish Civil War,weblink New York, Cassell (publisher), Cassell, 1983, 461, 0-911745-11-4, BOOK, Logoluso, Alfredo, Fiat CR.32 Aces of the Spanish Civil War,weblink Oxford, Osprey Publishing, 2010, 96, 978-1-84603-983-6, BOOK, Shores, Christopher, Air Aces,weblink Greenwich, CT, Presidio Press, 1983, 192, 0-86124-104-5,
  • Luis Prendes (1913 in Melilla – 1998 in Madrid) was a Spanish film actor. He appeared in 75 films between 1936 and 1998.
  • Anselmo Pardo Alcaide (1913 in Melilla – 1977) was a Spanish entomologist, a world authority on Melyridae Meloidae- Malachiinae.BOOK, López-Colón, José Ignacio, Baena, Manuel, 2005, Anselmo Pardo Alcaide. Una vida dedicada a la entomología: (biografía y obra científica),weblink Ministry of Culture (Spain), Consejería de Cultura, Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla, 196,
  • Mustafa Arruf (born 1958 in Melilla) is a Spanish sculptor.
  • Mercedes Vecino (1916 in Melilla– 2004 in Alicante) was a Spanish film actress.BOOK, Goble, Alan, The Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film,weblink Walter de Gruyter, January 1, 1999, 34, 9783110951943,
  • Emilio el Moro (1924 in Melilla – 1987) was a Spanish guitarist, singer and comedian.
  • Lucinda Urrusti (born 1929 in Melilla) is a Mexican artist, born to a Spanish family which came to Mexico in 1939 to escape the Spanish Civil War and has remained in Mexico since
  • Fernando Arrabal Terán (born 1932 in Melilla) is a Spanish playwright, film director, novelist and poet, settled in France in 1955
  • Juan José Imbroda Ortiz (born 1944 in Melilla) is a politician who was the mayor-president of the Spanish enclave of Melilla from 2000 to 2019.
  • Ignacio Velázquez Rivera (born 1953 in Ceuta) is a Spanish politician who served as mayor of Melilla from 1991 and the first Mayor-President in 1995
  • Paloma McLardy (born 1955 in Melilla), known as Palmolive, is a Spanish-born songwriter and drummer for influential punk groups
  • Mustafa Aberchán (born 1959 in Melilla) is a Spanish politician from Melilla, leader of Coalition for Melilla and was the Mayor-President of the city 1999/2000.NEWS,weblink Coalición por Melilla, un partido de mayoría musulmana y moderado en sus reivindicaciones, es, El País, Edicíones El País, July 6, 1999, Ramos, Toñy, Cué E., Carlos, August 11, 2010, Melilla, NEWS,weblink Un musulmán gobernará la ciudad autónoma de Melilla con apoyo socialista y del GIL, es, El País, Edicíones El País, July 4, 1999, Ramos, Toñy, August 11, 2010, Melilla,
  • Arly Jover (born 1971 in Melilla) is a Spanish actress, now lives in Paris
  • Farid Bang (born 1986 in Melilla) is a German rapper of Moroccan descent.

Sport

See also

References

  • {{EB1911 |wstitle=Melilla |volume=18 |page=94}}
{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Commons}}{{Wikivoyage}}
  • {{es}} {{Official websiteweblink}}
{{Melilla}}{{Phoenician cities and colonies navbox}}{{Administrative divisions of Spain}}{{Autonomous Community capitals of Spain}}{{Outlying territories of European countries}}{{Countries and territories of North Africa}}

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