Maryam Monsef

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Maryam Monsef
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DATE= SEPTEMBER 27, 2016URL= HTTP://WWW.HUFFINGTONPOST.CA/RACHEL-DECOSTE/MARYAM-MONSEF-BIRTHPLACE_B_6452026.HTML, Huffington Post, | native_name_lang = fa| image = The Honourable Maryam Monsef.jpg| caption = Maryam Monsef| imagesize = 200pxMinister of International Development (Canada)>Minister of International Development| primeminister = Justin Trudeau| predecessor = Marie-Claude Bibeau| successor = | term_start = March 1, 2019| term_end = | office1 = Minister for Women and Gender Equality(Minister of Status of Women until 2018)| primeminister1 = Justin Trudeau| predecessor1 = Patty Hajdu| successor1 = | term_start1 = January 10, 2017| term_end1 = | office2 = Minister of Democratic Institutions| primeminister2 = Justin Trudeau| predecessor2 = Pierre Poilievre| successor2 = Karina Gould| term_start2 = November 4, 2015| term_end2 = January 10, 2017| office3 = President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada| primeminister3 = Justin Trudeau| predecessor3 = Denis Lebel| successor3 = Karina Gould| term_start3 = November 4, 2015| term_end3 = January 10, 2017| riding4 = Peterborough—Kawartha| parliament4 = Canadian| term_start4 = October 19, 2015| term_end4 =| predecessor4 = Dean Del Mastro| successor4 ={{birth date and age11|7}}}}| birth_place = Mashhad, Iran| father = | mother = | relatives = | death_date =| death_place =| profession =Liberal Party of Canada>LiberalPeterborough, Ontario>Peterborough, Ontario| alma_mater = Trent University| religion = Shia IslamMuslim Canadians Who Won in the 2015 Federal Election Muslim Link, October 20, 2015.| footnotes = | spouse = | children = | nationality = Afghan Canadian| blank1 = EthnicityHazara people>Hazara}}Maryam Monsef {{post-nominals|country=CAN|PC|MP}} () (born November 7, 1984) is an Afghan Canadian politician. She was elected to represent the riding of Peterborough—Kawartha as a Liberal member the House of Commons of Canada in 2015.Maryam Monsef wins in Peterborough-Kawartha, Global News, October 20, 2015. A member of the 29th Canadian Ministry, she is the current Minister for Women and Gender Equality (previously known as the Minister of Status of Women), sworn in on January 10, 2017, and Minister of International Development, sworn in on March 1, 2019.WEB,weblink Trudeau shuffles MacAulay, Monsef, Bibeau to new cabinet roles after Wilson-Raybould’s resignation - National {{!,|date=2019-03-01||language=en|access-date=2019-03-04}} She was previously the Minister of Democratic Institutions and President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada until January 10, 2017.Maryam Monsef named to Trudeau cabinet. Peterborough Examiner, November 5, 2015weblink

Early life

Monsef was born at the Imam Reza Hospital{{efn|part of the Mashhad University of Medical Sciences}} in Mashhad, Iran,NEWS, Malcolm, Candice, November 4, 2016, Trudeau’s defence of Monsef gets the facts wrong,weblink Toronto Sun, to Hazara Afghan parents who had fled during the Soviet–Afghan War, and lived with her family there in childhood, together with periods in Herat, Afghanistan, in 1987–1988 and 1993–1996.NEWS, Fife, Robert, September 22, 2016, Heralded as Canada's first Afghan-born MP, Maryam Monsef shocked to discover truth of roots,weblink The Globe and Mail, Because Iran and Afghanistan (before 2000)WEB,weblink Law of Citizenship in Afghanistan, 6 November 1936,, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 29 September 2016, followed the principle of jus sanguinis in their respective nationality laws, Monsef was born an Afghan citizen.NEWS, Liberal MP Maryam Monsef, Canada’s first Afghan cabinet minister, was actually born in Iran,weblink National Post, September 22, 2016, Her father was killed on the Iran–Afghanistan border while travelling in 1988, although it is unknown whether he was killed by bandits or Soviet troops. Her uncle had, years earlier, vanished along with several roommates while attending the University of Kabul, in circumstances suggested to have been connected to anti-communist political activity. The family struggled in Iran because of low economic and social prospects for Afghan migrants,WEB,weblink Afghan citizens in Iran, March 14, 2011,, Country of Origin Information Centre, Oslo, 5–6, even though they had legal status as "involuntary migrants" (mohajerin) under Iranian rules in effect prior to 1992.WEB,weblink Unwelcome Guests: Iran's Violation of Afghan Refugee and Migrant Rights, 2013, 978-1-62313-0770, Human Rights Watch, 32, {{harvid, HRW, 2013, }}{{efn|subsequently subject to progressive tightening,{{sfn|HRW|2013|pp=32–33}} until replaced by the Amayesh registration scheme in 2003{{sfn|HRW|2013|pp=34–38}}}} In 1996, during their second return to Herat, her mother opted to move the family to Canada, and the resulting journey involved traveling through Iran, Pakistan, and Jordan.Althia Raj, Maryam Monsef Came To Canada As A Refugee. Now, She's A Cabinet Minister., The Huffington Post, November 4, 2015.Upon arrival, the family took up residence in Peterborough, where Monsef's uncle already lived. They relied on the support of several charity organizations, including the YMCA and the Salvation Army. Monsef has continued to raise money for humanitarian activities in Afghanistan.Monsef becomes Peterborough's first female MP, youngest MP ever elected in riding, The Peterborough Examiner, October 20, 2015.In 2003, Monsef enrolled at Trent University,PRESS RELEASE, US President Gives Shout-out to Trent Alumna in Parliament: Maryam Monsef '03 recognized by President Obama as an example of what's possible when refugees are embraced,weblink Peterborough, Trent University, June 30, 2016, from which she graduated in 2010 with a Bachelor of Science in Biology and Psychology.WEB,weblink Maryam Monsef: Biology and Psychology, 2010, Trent University, After graduation she worked as an Immigration Portal Researcher for, then as an Outreach Coordinator for the New Canadians Centre, then as an Outreach Coordinator for the Community Foundation of Greater Peterborough, then as a Community Communications Consultant for the Peterborough Economic Development Commission, then as Coordinator of Diversity & International Student Supports/ Community Engagement & Stewardship Officer at Fleming Collegeweblink

Political career

In 2014, Monsef had been offered a job in Afghanistan, but was unable to enter the country because of security concerns.NEWS, Buzzetti, Hélène, May 16, 2016, Du confinement afghan aux lumières parlementaires, From Afghan confinement to parliamentary lights, French,weblink Le Devoir, She then went to Iran to work on relief efforts for Afghan refugees, which encouraged her to focus on political endeavours. She returned to Canada, and ran for mayor of Peterborough in 2014, finishing a close second. Later that same year, she was chosen to represent the Liberal Party in the upcoming federal election.Dale Clifford, "Maryam Monsef wins Grit vote, will run to replace Dean Del Mastro", The Peterborough Examiner, May 4, 2015. She was elected on October 19, 2015, with 43.8% of the vote.Peterborough-Kawartha Election Results, Elections Canada.Monsef was appointed as Minister of Democratic Institutions in Justin Trudeau's Cabinet on November 4, 2015."Full list of Justin Trudeau's cabinet". CBC News, November 4, 2015. She has variously been referred to as the second- or fourth-youngest minister ever appointed to the Cabinet.Evan Solomon and John Geddes, The Trudeau cabinet: Assessing the picks and challenges ahead, Maclean's, November 4, 2015. According to The Hill Times, Monsef was named President of the Queen's Privy Council in Canada although it was unclear at the time whether she had been sworn into that office.WEB,weblink The youngest woman in Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Cabinet, who arrived in Canada with her family as a child refugee from Afghanistan 20 years ago, was quietly named President of the Queen’s Privy Council in Canada., The Hill Times, 9 November 2015, Tim Naumetz, Youngest Cabinet minister Monsef also President of Queen's Privy Council, Monsef has described this position as "largely ceremonial."NEWS,weblink Peterborough MP Maryam Monsef's schedule filling up as she takes on committee positions,, Sarah Frank, 12 November 2015, The Parliamentary website subsequently indicated that she had assumed the position on November 4.Parliament of Canada Biography, accessed July 22, 2016.

Criticism and controversy

Handling of portfolio

On May 10, 2016, Monsef gave notice in the House of Commons of the government's plans for the composition of the Special Committee on Electoral Reform, which was to have ten members—six members of the Liberal Party, three members from the Conservative Party, and one member from the New Democratic Party.Order Paper and Notice Paper No. 53, May 11, 2016, Parliament of Canada website, retrieved July 4, 2016. This attracted immediate controversy, as the government possessed a majority of the committee seats and thus could theoretically recommend alterations to the electoral system without the support of any other party. As well, the Green Party and the Bloc Québécois objected to their lack of voting representation on the committee, although they were invited to attend meetings.Althia Raj, Liberals to keep majority on new, all-party electoral reform committee, The Huffington Post, May 11, 2016.On June 2, 2016, the Liberal government reversed course, and both Trudeau and Monsef advised that they would support Nathan Cullen's motion for the composition of the committee, which would instead have twelve members—five Liberals, three Conservatives, two New Democrats, and one member from each of the Bloc Québécois and the Green Party.Laura Stone, Liberals agree to give majority to Opposition on electoral reform committee, The Globe & Mail, June 2, 2016.

Place of birth

Monsef has been criticized for stating that she was born in Afghanistan, when in fact she was born in Iran.NEWS, Monsef questions not going away,weblink Toronto Sun, September 30, 2016, When this was revealed in September 2016, some commentators pointed out that this could lead to revocation of her Canadian citizenship and potential deportation,NEWS, Bryden, Joan, September 27, 2016, Maryam Monsef could be stripped of her citizenship without a hearing after revealing she was born in Iran,weblink Canadian Press, while others have criticized the absurdity of the present lawNEWS, Maryam Monsef controversy highlights absurd citizenship law: Editorial,weblink The Toronto Star, September 28, 2016, or decried the importation of birtherism into Canadian politics.NEWS, Southey, Tabatha, September 30, 2016, Birtherism comes to Canada with the Maryam Monsef ‘scandal’,weblink The Globe and Mail, The Trudeau government has regularly revoked citizenship from individuals who had become citizens through fraudulent means – including individuals who came to Canada as children but whose parents had made false claims on their immigration forms.NEWS,weblink Number of citizenship revocations for 'misrepresentation' soars under Liberals {{!, CBC News|work=CBC|access-date=2018-07-17|language=en-US}}NEWS,weblink MALCOLM: Monsef’s papers still aren’t in order and the media still hardly cares, 2017-11-28, Toronto Sun, 2018-07-17, en-US, In an interview at that time, former MP Dean Del Mastro said that political workers in the 2014 municipal and 2015 federal campaigns knew she was not born in Afghanistan, but chose not to make an issue of it.NEWS, Lacey, Mike, September 22, 2016, Del Mastro: I knew the truth about Monsef all along,weblink Peterborough This Week, Monsef is currently awaiting the results of her request to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada to update her information.NEWS,weblink Cabinet minister still waiting on citizenship paperwork after birthplace revelation {{!, CBC News|work=CBC|access-date=2018-07-15|language=en-US}}In October 2016, her office revealed that she had travelled to Iran with pilgrimage visas in an Afghan passport in 2010, 2013 and 2014 in order to visit the Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad.NEWS, Malcolm, Candice, October 27, 2016, Monsef travelled to Iran on religious pilgrimage,weblink Toronto Sun, As this type of visa is normally for a single entry to Iran and does not allow a holder to work, her previous admissions that she had crossed over to Afghanistan and back in 2014, together with working with an Iran-based charity at that time, have caught the attention of Iranian authorities.NEWS, Malcolm, Candice, October 28, 2016, Monsef story makes odd appearance in Iranian news,weblink Toronto Sun, In a 2014 interview in Peterborough, Monsef admitted that she wanted the trip to "remain hush-hush."INTERVIEW, Monsef, Maryam, Mike Judson, Episode 1- Maryam Monsef, Carl Oake and Michael Dalton,weblink Peterborough, December 6, 2014, PTBOCanada Live With Mike Judson!,

Electoral record


{{Canadian election result/top|CA|2015|Peterborough—Kawartha|percent=yes|change=yes|expenditures=yes}}{{CANelec|CA|Liberal|Maryam Monsef|29,159|43.82|+22.42|$153,380.94}}{{CANelec|CA|Conservative|Michael Skinner|23,335|35.07|-14.60|$160,866.22}}{{CANelec|CA|NDP|Dave Nickle|12,437|18.69|-6.19|–}}{{CANelec|CA|Green|Doug Mason|1,480|2.22|-1.34|$82.52}}{{CANelec|CA|FD|Toban Leckie|131|0.20|–|$729.98}}{{Canadian election result/total|Total valid votes/Expense limit|66,542|100.0|–|$232,452.91"Skinner outspent Monsef on federal election campaign according to new campaign return filings". Peterborough Examiner, March 12, 2016.}}{{Canadian election result/total|Total rejected ballots|190|0.28|-0.01}}{{Canadian election result/total|Turnout|66,732|73.19|+7.88}}{{Canadian election result/total|Eligible voters|91,180}}{{CANelec/source|Source: Elections CanadaElections Canada – Confirmed candidates for Peterborough—Kawartha, 30 September 2015Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates {{webarchive|url= |date=2016-03-04 }}}}

Municipal {| class"wikitable" style"text-align:right;"

Peterborough, Ontario, City of Peterborough, ! Candidate !! Votes !! % of voteDaryl Bennett 11,21041.4Maryam Monsef 9,87936.5Alan Wilson 4,05214.9Patti S. Peeters 1,5645.8George "Terry" LeBlanc 2020.7Tom Young 1830.7Total 27,090100.0





External links

{{Canadian federal ministry navigational box header |ministry=29}}{{ministry box cabinet posts| post1preceded = Pierre Poilievre| post1 = Minister of Democratic Institutions| post1years = November 4, 2015 – January 10, 2017| post1note = | post1followed = Karina Gould| post2preceded = Denis Lebel| post2 = President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada| post2years = November 4, 2015 – January 10, 2017| post2note = | post2followed = Karina Gould| post3preceded = Patty Hajdu| post3 = Minister of Status of Women| post3years = January 10, 2017 – present| post3note = | post3followed = Incumbent| post4preceded = Marie-Claude BibeauMinister of International Development (Canada)>Minister of International Development| post4years = March 1, 2019 – present| post4note = | post4followed = Incumbent}}{{Justin Trudeau Ministry}}{{CanCabinet}}{{Current Members of the Canadian House of Commons}}{{CA-Presidents of the Privy Council}}{{Authority control}}

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