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Martin Davis (mathematician)

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Martin Davis (mathematician)
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{{short description|American mathematician}}{{other people|Martin Davis|Martin Davis (disambiguation)}}







factoids
|birth_place = New York City|death_date = |death_place = |residence = |citizenship = United States>American|ethnicity = |fields = |workplaces = New York University|alma_mater = Princeton University| thesis_title = On the Theory of Recursive Unsolvability| thesis_url = | thesis_year = 1950|doctoral_advisor = Alonzo Church|academic_advisors = |doctoral_students = Moshe Koppel, Donald W. Loveland|notable_students = |known_for = Davis–Putnam algorithmDPLL algorithmwork on Hilbert's tenth problem|author_abbrev_bot = |author_abbrev_zoo = |influences = |influenced = |awards = Chauvenet Prize (1975)|religion = |signature = |footnotes = }}Martin David Davis (born March 8, 1928) is an American mathematician, known for his work on Hilbert's tenth problem.{{Citation
| last = Jackson
| first = Allyn
| publication-date = May 2008
| date = September 2007
| url =weblink
| title = Interview with Martin Davis
| periodical = Notices of the American Mathematical Society
| location = Providence, RI
| publisher = American Mathematical Society
| volume = 55
| issue = 5
| pages = 560–571
| issn = 0002-9920
| oclc = 1480366
}}.{{MacTutor Biography|id=Davis}}

Biography

Davis's parents were Jewish immigrants to the US from Łódź, Poland, and married after they met again in New York City. Davis grew up in the Bronx, where his parents encouraged him to obtain a full education.He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1950, where his advisor was Alonzo Church.{{MathGenealogy|id=8018}} He is Professor Emeritus at New York University.

Contributions

Davis is the co-inventor of the Davis–Putnam algorithm and the DPLL algorithms. He is also known for his model of Post–Turing machines, and his work on Hilbert's tenth problem leading to the MRDP theorem.

Awards and honors

In 1975, Davis won the Leroy P. Steele Prize, the Chauvenet Prize (with Reuben Hersh), and in 1974 the Lester R. Ford Award for his expository writing related to his work on Hilbert's tenth problem.JOURNAL, Davis, Martin, Hilbert's tenth problem is unsolvable, Amer. Math. Monthly, 80, 3, 1973, 233–269,weblink 10.2307/2318447, 2318447, He became a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1982, and in 2012, he was selected as one of the inaugural fellows of the American Mathematical Society.List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2014-03-17.

Selected publications

Books
  • BOOK, Davis, Martin, Applied nonstandard analysis, Wiley, New York, 1977, 9780471198970,
  • BOOK, Davis, Martin, Weyuker, Elaine J., Sigal, Ron, Elaine Weyuker, Computability, complexity, and languages: fundamentals of theoretical computer science, Academic Press, Harcourt, Brace, Boston, 1994, 2nd, 9780122063824,
  • BOOK, Davis, Martin, Engines of logic: mathematicians and the origin of the computer, Norton, New York, 2000, 9780393322293,


Articles
  • Davis, Martin (1973), "Hilbert's Tenth Problem is Unsolvable", American Mathematical Monthly, 80(3), 233–269.
  • Davis, Martin (1995), "Is mathematical insight algorithmic", Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13(4), 659–60.

See also

References

{{reflist|30em}}

External links

{{commons category}} {{Chauvenet Prize recipients}}{{Authority control}}{{US-mathematician-stub}}

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