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Magdalen College, Oxford

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Magdalen College, Oxford
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{{Redirect|Magdalen College||Magdalen College (disambiguation)}}{{Use dmy dates|date=February 2019}}{{Use British English|date=February 2019}}







factoids
{{cellswhite}}{{cells#000}}{{cellswhite}}{{cells#000}}}}| latin_name = Collegium Beatae Mariae Magdalenae| motto = Floreat Magdalena| named_for = Mary Magdalene| established = 1458| sister_college = Magdalene College, Cambridge| president = Sir David Clary FRSURL = HTTP://WWW.OX.AC.UK/ABOUT/FACTS-AND-FIGURES/STUDENT-NUMBERS, (2013)| graduates = 159WEBSITE= OX.AC.UK FORMAT=PDF, 5 March 2019, Longwall Street and High Street, Oxford>High Street51.752374display=inline,title}}| location_map = Oxford (central)150px)| blazon = Lozengy ermine and sable, on a chief of the second three lilies argent slipped and seeded orweblink}}| boat_club = Boatclub website}}Magdalen College ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ɔː|d|l|áµ»|n}} {{Respell|MAWD|lin}})WEB, First Names Dictionary on AskOxford.com, Magdalen (Name),weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110607031814weblink">weblink 7 June 2011, is a constituent college of the University of Oxford. It was founded in 1458 by William of Waynflete.WEB,weblink College History, magd.ox.ac.uk, 22 March 2019, Today, it is one of the wealthiest colleges, with a financial endowment of £273.2 million as of 2018, and one of the strongest academically, setting the record for the highest Norrington Score in 2010 and topping the table twice since then.WEB,weblink Undergraduate Degree Classifications {{!, University of Oxford|website=www.ox.ac.uk|accessdate=13 September 2019}}The large, square Magdalen Tower is an Oxford landmark, and it is a tradition, dating to the days of Henry VII, that the college choir sings from the top of it at 6 a.m. on May Morning.BOOK, Dunton, Larkin, The World and Its People, Silver, Burdett, 1896River Cherwell and the University of Oxford Botanic Garden>Oxford botanic garden, and within its grounds has a deer park and Addison's Walk.

History

Magdalen College was founded in 1458 by William of Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor. Waynflete had previously founded a university hall named Magdalen Hall in 1448.WEB,weblink Magdalen Hall, magd.ox.ac.uk, 21 December 2018, The founder's statutes included provision for a choral foundation of men and boys (a tradition that has continued to the present day) and made reference to the pronunciation of the name of the college in English. The college received another substantial endowment from the estate of Sir John Fastolf of Caister Castle in Norfolk (1380–1459). A second university hall named Magdalen Hall emerged on a site adjacent to Magdalen College, moved to Catte Street in 1822 and became Hertford College in 1874.Magdalen's prominence since the mid-20th century owes much to such famous fellows as C. S. Lewis and A. J. P. Taylor, and its academic success to the work of such dons as Thomas Dewar Weldon.R.W. Johnson, Look Back in Laughter: Oxford's Postwar Golden Age, Threshold Press, 2015. Like many of Oxford's colleges, Magdalen admitted its first mixed-sex cohort in 1979, after more than half a millennium as a men-only institution. Between 2015 and 2017, 47.2% of UK undergraduates admitted to Magdalen were from state schools; 12.2% were of BME heritage and 0.7% were black.WEB,weblink Annual Admissions Statistical Report May 2018, www.ox.ac.uk, In 2015, Magdalen topped Oxford's Norrington Table of college undergraduate examination results, and its average score over the 2006–2016 period is the best among the colleges.

Buildings and grounds

The college grounds stretch north and east from the college, and include most of the area bounded by Longwall Street, the High Street (where the porter's lodge is located), and St Clement's.

Buildings

{{further|Magdalen Tower}}The Great Tower was built between 1492 and 1509 by William Orchard, and is an imposing landmark on the eastern approaches to the city centre. The hall and chapel were built at similar times, though both have undergone some changes in the intervening years.The Cloister or Great Quad was built in 1474–80 (also by Orchard) and has been altered several times since then. In 1822, the north side was in bad shape, and was knocked down while most of the fellows were away from college (only a small group of fellows were in favour of demolishing it). It was rebuilt shortly afterwards. In the early 1900s, renovations were performed, and it was returned to a more mediaeval character. Student rooms were installed in the (very large) roof space in the 1980s.The New Building was built across a large lawn to the north of the Great Quad beginning in 1733. Its spacious setting is due to the builders' intentions to create an entirely new quad, but only one side was completed. Edward Gibbon and C. S. Lewis had their rooms in this building and as many rooms are occupied by tutors, the few student rooms are highly sought after.The college has four other quads. The irregularly shaped St John's Quad is the first on entering the college, and includes the Outdoor Pulpit and old Grammar Hall. It connects to the Great Quad via the Perpendicular Gothic Founders Tower, which is richly decorated with carvings and pinnacles and has carved bosses in its vault.The Chaplain's Quad runs along the side of the Chapel and Hall, to the foot of the Great Tower. St Swithun's Quad and Longwall Quad (which contains the Library) date from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and make up the southwest corner of the college. The Grove Buildings are the newest, built in the 1990s in a traditional style.The Waynflete Building, which is located across Magdalen Bridge from the main college site, was designed by Booth, Ledeboer, and Pinckheard and completed in 1964.WEB,weblink Waynflete Building, Magdalen College, Oxford, architecture.com, 20 December 2018,

The Grove (Deer Park)

(File:Magdalen Deer.jpg|thumb|left|The deer in the Grove)This large meadow occupies most of the north west of the college's grounds, from the New Buildings and the Grove Quad up to Holywell Ford. During the winter and spring, it is the home of a herd of fallow deer. It is possible to view the meadow (and also the deer) from the path between New Buildings and Grove Quad, and also from the archway in New Buildings.In the 16th century, long before the introduction of the deer, the grove consisted of gardens, orchards, and bowling greens. During the Civil War, it was used to house a regiment of soldiers. At one point in the 19th century it was home to three traction engines belonging to the works department of the college. By the 20th century it had become well-wooded with many large trees, but most of them were lost to Dutch elm disease in the 1970s.

The Meadow (bounded by Addison's Walk)

This triangular meadow lies to the east of the college, bounded on all sides by the River Cherwell. In the spring, it is filled with the flower Fritillaria meleagris (commonly known as snakeshead fritillary), which gives it an attractive green-purple colour. These flowers grow in very few places, and have been recorded growing in the meadow since around 1785. Once the flowering has finished, the deer are moved in for the summer and autumn. In wet winters, some or all of the meadow may flood, as the meadow is lower lying than the surrounding path. All around the edge of the meadow is a tree-lined path, Addison's Walk. It is a beautiful and tranquil walk, favoured by students, dons, and visitors alike. It also links the college with Holywell Ford, and the Fellows' Garden.

The Fellows' Garden

(File:Magdalen Fellows' Garden.jpg|thumb|right|The Fellows' Garden)Located to the north east of the Meadow, directly behind the new building of the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. This long and (fairly) narrow garden follows the Cherwell to the edge of the University Parks. In spring, the ground is covered with flowers. In summer, there are some flowers, many different shrubs, and the varied trees provide dappled cover from the sun. It is linked to Addison's Walk by a bridge.

Sports ground

Magdalen Ground is located North of the fellows' garden.

Gallery

File:Magdalen Cloisters and New Buildings.jpg|The cloister and the New BuildingFile:Magdalen College New Quad and Founders Tower, Oxford, UK - Diliff.jpg|New Quad and Founders TowerFile:Oxford magdalen college cour.jpgFile:Oxford magdalen college lodgings.jpgFile:Oxford magdalen college new building.jpg|The New BuildingFile:Magdalen College Founders Tower and Cloisters Oxford England.jpgFile:Ancient Door, Magdalen College, Oxford by Henry Fox Talbot.jpg|Ancient Door, Magdalen College, Oxford by Henry Fox Talbot, circa 1843File:Magdalen College Oxford Old Grammar Hall.jpg|The old Grammar HallFile:Magdalen College, Oxford.jpg|The cloisterFile:Magdalen_College,_view_of_cloisters_from_Addison's_Walk,_Oct_2016.jpg|The Great Tower and cloister, viewed from Addison's Walk

Chapel

(File:Magdalen College Chapel Interior, Oxford, UK - Diliff.jpg|thumb|The interior of the chapel)The Chapel of Magdalen College is a place of worship for members of the college and others in the University of Oxford community and beyond. As a High Anglican chapel, its tradition is influenced by the Catholic Revival in the Church of England.Said and sung services are held daily during term.WEB,weblink Chapel Services, Magdalen College, Oxford, The choir sings Choral Evensong or Evening Prayer every day at 6pm except on Mondays. On Sundays, a Sung Eucharist is offered in the morning at 11am, whilst Compline (Night Prayer) is sung several times per term. Mass is also sung on major holy days.WEB,weblink Chapel & Choir, Magdalen College, Oxford, (File:Oxford magdalen college chapelle int.JPG|thumb|right|Interior of the chapel)

Choir

Magdalen is one of the four choral foundations in Oxford, meaning that the formation of the choir was part of the statutes of the college, the other three choral foundations being New College, Christ Church, and, since 2007, Merton College.WEB,weblink Choral and organ scholarships, University of Oxford, WEB,weblink Choral scholarships, University of Oxford, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130902104027weblink">weblink 2013-09-02, WEB,weblink Organ and Choral Scholarships, Oxford University Faculty of Music, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130423132522weblink">weblink 2013-04-23, The choir consists of 12 academical clerks, or choral scholars, who are students at the college, and 16 boys aged seven to thirteen (some of whom stay on until age fourteen), all of whom have scholarships at Magdalen College School. The school was founded for this purpose but has long since become an independent public school.The choristers' day begins at 7:30, with an early morning practice before school. There is further practice immediately after school, followed by Choral Evensong six nights a week, in term; the Tuesday service is sung by the boys only, and the Friday service only by the Academical Clerks. On Sundays there is a practice at 9:30 am followed by Eucharist, then a further afternoon practice followed by Evensong which ends at 7:00 pm. As of September 2010, the choristers no longer sing on most Saturday evenings following the formation of the Consort of Voices, a mixed voice choir which sings on most Saturdays in full term.The choir has numerous college duties as well as a recording and touring schedule. Traditionally the choir sings at college Gaudies and at other special events throughout the year, as well as performing on social occasions such as Carols by Candlelight before Christmas and the famous May Morning. On this occasion the choir sings madrigals at 6:00 am from the top of the college bell-tower to the assembled mass of students and townsfolk celebrating in the streets below.The choir records regularly. In 2005, it was nominated for a prestigious Grammy Award for its CD, With a Merrie Noyse, of music by Orlando Gibbons. Other recent works include the BBC's The Blue Planet and Paul McCartney's classical piece Ecce Cor Meum.

Organists

{{See also|Organ scholar}}The choir has had many well-known organists, such as Daniel Purcell, Sir John Stainer (1860–1872) and Bernard Rose (1957–1981). Among the other notable former directors and masters of the choir, who hold the title of Informator Choristarum, are John Sheppard (1543–c.1552), Sir William McKie, Haldane Campbell Stewart and the composer Bill Ives (1991–2009), possibly better known as a former King's Singer. A disc of his music, Listen Sweet Dove, is amongst the choir's releases.The current Informator Choristarum, since January 2017, is Mark Williams. He succeeded Daniel Hyde, who had been organ scholar at King's College Cambridge, following Hyde's appointment as Organist and Director of Music of Saint Thomas Church, New York.WEB,weblink New Appointments to Chapel and Choir – Magdalen College Oxford, Past organ scholars include Dudley Moore, Paul Brough and Matthew Martin. Past academical clerks include John Mark Ainsley, Harry Christophers (founder and director of The Sixteen), Robin Blaze, Roderick Williams and conductor/composer Gregory Rose.

Student life

File:Joseph Nash The Elder - View of the Dining Hall in Magdalen College, Oxford - Google Art Project.jpg|thumb|1828 watercolour of the Dining Hall by Joseph NashJoseph Nash

Academia

In the Norrington Table's history Magdalen has been top three times, in 2010, 2012 and 2015.WEB, Magdalen top of the 2012 Norrington Table,weblink Magdalen College, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120823094744weblink">weblink 2012-08-23, When over half its finalists achieved firsts in 2010, it claimed the record for the highest ever Norrington Score.WEB, Magdalen top of the Norrington table,weblink Magdalen College, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120823111640weblink">weblink 2012-08-23,

Societies and social life

There is a wide variety of clubs and societies at Magdalen College. The Atkin Society provides support and a variety of social events for all Magdalen law studentsweblink | The Atkin Society on the Magdalen College website and similarly the subject-specific Sherrington Society is a university-wide community for medicine students, based at Magdalen College, which hosts multiple speakers and aims to encourage debate on medical issuesweblink | The Sherrington Society on the Magdalen College website The Florio Society centres on the discussion of members' poetryweblink | The Florio Society on the Magdalen College website and the Magdalen College Trust was set up with the aim of providing charitable help for the disadvantagedweblink | The Magdalen College Trust on the Magdalen College website Beyond these more long-established societies, Magdalen College further plays host to a broad variety of student interests and activities. The arts are particularly well-catered for with the Magdalen Players putting on regular dramatic performancesWEB,weblink Magdalen Players, Magdalen Players, and the Magdalen College Music Society (MCMS) being one of the most active branches of the Oxford University Music Societyweblink | The MCMS page on the Oxford University Music Society's website providing an outlet for musicians of all abilities with a range of events in both formal and informal settings – within the society are several singing groups, an orchestra and multiple ensembles.WEB,weblink Music Society – Magdalen JCR, magdjcr.co.uk, The Magdalen Film Society takes advantage of the college's cinema facilities with the 200 seat Grove Auditorium to show several films a weeweblink |Magdalen Film Society Website Also to be found at Magdalen are the Magdalen College Wine Tasting Society and the Magdalen College Quiz Society. The last has been especially successful, winning the University Challenge on four occasions (1997, 1998, 2004, 2011). At the time of the fourth win, no other institution had won it more than twice.Magdalen Wins University Challenge for a Record Fourth Time – Magdalen College {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110424040443weblink |date=2011-04-24 }}A college entertainment or "Entz" team is also elected on a yearly basis to organise a variety of inclusive social events for the undergraduate body,WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2014-04-07, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140407095245weblink">weblink 2014-04-07, | Entertainments page on JCR website and a Commemoration Ball, also organised primarily by undergraduate students, is held on average every three years.

Sports

The Magdalen College Boat Club (MCBC) has experienced great success in recent years. Magdalen held the Oxford Head of the River between 2004 and 2007, winning the Summer Eights competition in each of these years. Summer Eights is the most prestigious university regatta held in Oxford. The Men's 1st Torpid became Head of the River in the 2008 Torpids. Having dropped two places in 2009, they regained one place in 2013, which places them second behind Pembroke. The Women's 1st Torpid became Head of the River in 2010, retaining the title in 2011, 2012 and 2013.As well as the MCBC, Magdalen College is represented by teams in football, hockey, rugby, netball, cricket, lacrosse, squash and pool, amongst others.WEB,weblink Student Life, magd.ox.ac.uk, 28 February 2019, The college prides itself on its wide array of facilities which are frequently renovated and updated, and alumni often provide assistance for the purchase of kit and other necessary expensesweblink | Magdalen College website on Sports and Societies

College stamp

A college stamp was issued in the 1960s and the 1970s to prepay local delivery of mail by the college porters. It was short-lived and only a few stamps exist. One on cover is known and is detailed in the Great Britain Philatelic Society Journal.Journal of the Great Britain Philatelic Society, Volume 48, Number 4, July/August 2010, and Volume 49, Number 4, July/August 2011

Notable members

File:John Betjeman statue.jpg| Sir John Betjeman, poetFile:Erwin Schrodinger2.jpg| Erwin Schrödinger, physicist File:Cardinal Thomas Wolsey.jpg| Thomas Wolsey, churchman and former Lord Chancellor File:Oscar Wilde portrait.jpg| Oscar Wilde, poet and playwright File:HRH The Prince of Wales No 4 (HS85-10-36416).jpg| King Edward VIII, former King of the United Kingdom File:Malcolm Fraser 1977 - crop.jpg| Malcolm Fraser, former Prime Minister of Australia File:Howard Walter Florey 1945.jpg| Howard Florey, pharmacologist and pathologist File:Ian Hislop - 2009.jpg| Ian Hislop, editor of Private EyeFile:Fmr CDN PM John Turner.jpg| John Turner, former Prime Minister of Canada File:John Sergeant 2008.jpg| John Sergeant, journalistFile:George osborne hi.jpg| George Osborne, former Chancellor of the ExchequerFile:Eccles lab.jpg| John Eccles, neurophysiologist File:William Hague 2010.jpg| William Hague, former Foreign SecretaryFile:Dudley Moore (cropped).jpg| Dudley Moore, actor File:AC Grayling.jpg| A. C. Grayling, philosopher and authorFile:Niall Ferguson - Chatham House 2011.jpg| Niall Ferguson, historianFile:Martha Lane-Fox at Sprint14.jpg| Martha Lane Fox, businesswoman and philanthropist

Current Members of Parliament

File:Magdalen College from the south side of the Hight Street.jpg|thumb|right|Magdalen College as seen from the south side of the High Street, adjacent to the Botanic Gardens ]]Alumni who sit in the UK Parliament are:

Notable fellows

{{See also|Category:Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford|List of Honorary Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford}}(File:Joseph Harwar.jpg|thumb|Joseph Harwar, President of Magdalen College from 1706–1722){{div col|colwidth=22em}} {{div col end}}Magdalen is also home to four Waynflete Professorships.

Notable presidents

{{See also|List of Presidents of Magdalen College, Oxford}}The college's current president, Sir David Clary FRS, was earlier a fellow and senior tutor at Magdalene College, Cambridge.

In popular culture

The fictional character Bertie Wooster from the long-running series of novels and short stories by P. G. Wodehouse has been identified as a graduate of Magdalen.Wodehouse, 1962: "Stiff Upper Lip, Jeeves"

References

{{reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Commons category|Magdalen College, Oxford}} {{University of Oxford}}{{Authority control}}

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