Long Beach, California

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Long Beach, California
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{{redirect|Long Beach}}{{Use mdy dates|date=October 2015}}

. (October 8, 2008). Retrieved on July 29, 2013.|motto = "The International City"|image_map = LA County Incorporated Areas Long Beach highlighted.svg|mapsize = 250x200pxLos Angeles County, California>Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California|pushpin_map = Los Angeles#USA California Southern#California#USA|pushpin_label = Long Beach|pushpin_map_caption = Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan areaLocation within CaliforniaLocation within the United States|pushpin_relief = 133611844region:US-CA|display=inline,title}}List of sovereign states>CountryUnited States|size=23px}}U.S. state>StateCalifornia|size=23px}}List of counties in California>CountyFlag of Los Angeles County, California.svgLos Angeles County, California>Los AngelesCombined Statistical Area>CSAGreater Los Angeles Area>Los Angeles-Long BeachMetropolitan statistical area>MSALos Angeles metropolitan area>Los Angeles-Long Beach-AnaheimMunicipal corporation>Incorporated|established_date = December 13, 1897WEB
, California Cities by Incorporation Date
, Word
, California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions
, August 25, 2014
, dead
,weblink" title="">weblink
, November 3, 2014
, Council–manager government>Council-manager|leader_title = MayorRobert Garcia (California politician)>Robert Garcia (D)WEB
, Mayor
, City of Long Beach
, October 9, 2019, |leader_title1 = City councilWEB
, City Council
, City of Long Beach
, October 9, 2019, |leader_name1 = Jeannine PearceDaryl Supernaw Suzie PriceDee Andrews (Vice Mayor)Stacy MungoAl AustinRex RichardsonRoberto Uranga|leader_title2 = City manager|leader_name2 = Tom ModicaWEB
, City Manager
, City of Long Beach, CA
, October 9, 2019, |leader_title3 = City auditor|leader_name3 = Laura L. DoudWEB
, Laura Doud : Long Beach City Auditor
, Long Beach City Auditor Laura Doud
, January 29, 2015
, dead
,weblink" title="">weblink
, January 30, 2015
, mdy-all
, |leader_title4 = City prosecutor|leader_name4 = Doug HaubertWEB
, Meet the Prosecutor
, City of Long Beach
, January 9, 2015
, dead
,weblink" title="">weblink
, January 9, 2015
, mdy-all
|total_type = City|unit_pref = ImperialPUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU, Jun 28, 2017, | area_total_sq_mi = 51.48| area_land_sq_mi = 50.32| area_water_sq_mi = 1.16| area_total_km2 = 133.32| area_land_km2 = 130.32| area_water_km2 = 3.00| area_water_percent = 2.221652747, Long Beach, |elevation_ft = 522010 United States Census>2010PUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=AUGUST 4, 2012, |population_total = 462257|pop_est_as_of = 2018ACCESSDATE=JULY 12, 2019, |population_est = 467354List of cities in Los Angeles County, California>2nd in Los Angeles CountyList of largest California cities by population in CaliforniaList of United States cities by population>39th in the United States|population_density_sq_mi = 9343.55|population_metro = 13,131,431|population_density_metro_sq_mi = autoCombined statistical area>CSA|population_blank1 = 17,877,006PUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU, April 7, 2015, Pacific Time Zone>Pacific|utc_offset = −08:00|timezone_DST = PDT|utc_offset_DST = −07:00|postal_code_type = ZIP CodesWEB
, ZIP Code(tm) Lookup
, United States Postal Service
, November 17, 2014, |postal_code = 90801–90810, 90813–90815, 90822, 90831–90835, 90840, 90842, 90844, 90846–90848, 90853, 90895, 90899
North American Numbering Plan>Area codeArea code 562>562Federal Information Processing Standard>FIPS code06|43000}}Geographic Names Information System>GNIS feature IDs1652747}}, {{GNIS 4|2410866}}}}}}(File:Birds eye of longbeach shot by Supermillion VIsuals.jpg|thumb|Panorama Picture of Long Beach)Long Beach is a city in the US state of California located within the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It is the 39th most populous city in the United States with a population of 462,257 in 2010.WEB,weblink Long Beach (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau,, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 4, 2012, A charter city,WEB,weblink About the City, City of Long Beach, CA, February 13, 2015, Long Beach is the 7th most populous city in California. Incorporated in 1897, Long Beach lies in Southern California in the southeastern corner of Los Angeles County.WEB,weblink City of Long Beach, Downtown Long Beach is approximately {{convert|22|mi|km|0|sp=us}} south of downtown Los Angeles, though the two cities also share a border for several miles along western Long Beach. The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest container port in the United States and is among the world's largest shipping ports.WEB,weblink About the Port, Port of Long Beach website, The city is over an oilfield with minor wells both directly beneath the city as well as offshore. The city is known for its waterfront attractions, including the permanently docked RMS Queen Mary and the Aquarium of the Pacific. Long Beach also hosts the Grand Prix of Long Beach, currently an IndyCar race. The California State University, Long Beach, one of the largest universities in California by enrollment, is located in the city.


{{see also|Timeline of Long Beach, California}}


Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, and several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach. By the 16th-century arrival of Spanish explorers, the dominant group was the Tongva people. They had at least three major settlements within the present-day city. Tevaaxa'anga was an inland settlement near the Los Angeles River, while Ahwaanga and Povuu'nga were coastal villages. Along with other Tongva villages, they were forced to relocate in the mid-19th century due to missionization, political change, and a drastic drop in population from exposure to European diseases.BOOK, McCawley, William, The First Angelinos: The Gabrielino Indians of Los Angeles, 1952, Paperback, 1996, Malki Museum Press/Ballena Press, 978-0-9651016-0-8, In 1784 the Spanish Empire's King Carlos III granted Rancho Los Nietos to Spanish soldier Manuel Nieto. The Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos were divided from this territory. The boundary between the two ranchos ran through the center of Signal Hill on a southwest to northeast diagonal. A portion of western Long Beach was originally part of the Rancho San Pedro. Its boundaries were in dispute for years, due to flooding changing the Los Angeles River boundary, between the ranchos of Juan Jose Dominguez and Manuel Nieto.In 1843 Jonathan Temple bought Rancho Los Cerritos, having arrived in California in 1827 from New England. He built what is now known as the "Los Cerritos Ranch House", a still-standing adobe which is a National Historic Landmark. Temple created a thriving cattle ranch and prospered, becoming the wealthiest man in Los Angeles County. Both Temple and his ranch house played important local roles in the Mexican–American War. On an island in the San Pedro Bay, Mormon pioneers made an abortive attempt to establish a colony (as part of Brigham Young's plan to establish a continuous chain of settlements from the Pacific to Salt Lake).(File:Long Beach Pier 1905.png|thumb|Long Beach pier, 1905)In 1866 Temple sold Rancho Los Cerritos for $20,000 to the Northern California sheep-raising firm of Flint, Bixby & Co, which consisted of brothers Thomas and Benjamin Flint and their cousin Lewellyn Bixby. Two years previous Flint, Bixby & Co had also purchased along with Northern California associate James Irvine, three ranchos which would later become the city that bears Irvine's name. To manage Rancho Los Cerritos, the company selected Lewellyn's brother Jotham Bixby, the "Father of Long Beach". Three years later Bixby bought into the property and would later form the Bixby Land Company. In the 1870s as many as 30,000 sheep were kept at the ranch and sheared twice yearly to provide wool for trade. In 1880, Bixby sold {{convert|4,000|acre|km2}} of the Rancho Los Cerritos to William E. Willmore, who subdivided it in hopes of creating a farm community, Willmore City. He failed and was bought out by a Los Angeles syndicate that called itself the "Long Beach Land and Water Company." They changed the name of the community to Long Beach, at that time. The City of Long Beach was officially incorporated in 1897.

Post Incorporation

(File:LongBeach-1907.jpg|thumb|Long Beach boardwalk, 1907)File:Cannery_worker_filling_tuna_cans,_Los_Angeles_Cannery_Co,_Long_Beach,_Ca,_nd_(COBB_362).jpeg|thumb|Worker filling cans with tuna at Los Angeles Cannery Co. in Long Beach, undated photo by John Nathan CobbJohn Nathan CobbThe town grew as a seaside resort with light agricultural uses.WEB,weblink Long Beach's Agricultural Past: A Brief Summary of Long Beach's Ag History, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 15, 2011, The Pike was the most famous beachside amusement zone on the West Coast from 1902 until 1969; it offered bathers food, games and rides, such at the Sky Wheel dual Ferris wheel and Cyclone Racer roller coaster. Gradually the oil industry, Navy shipyard and facilities and port became the mainstays of the city. In the 1950s it was referred to as "Iowa by the sea," due to a large influx of people from that and other Midwestern states. Huge picnics for migrants from each state were a popular annual event in Long Beach until the 1960s.Another Bixby cousin, John W. Bixby, was influential in the city. After first working for his cousins at Los Cerritos, J.W. Bixby leased land at Rancho Los Alamitos. He put together a group: banker I.W. Hellman, Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, and him, to purchase the rancho. In addition to bringing innovative farming methods to the Alamitos (which under Abel Stearns in the late 1850s and early 1860s was once the largest cattle ranch in the US), J.W. Bixby began the development of the oceanfront property near the city's picturesque bluffs. Under the name Alamitos Land Company, J.W. Bixby named the streets and laid out the parks of his new city. This area would include Belmont Heights, Belmont Shore and Naples; it soon became a thriving community of its own. J.W. Bixby died in 1888 of apparent appendicitis. The Rancho Los Alamitos property was split up, with Hellman getting the southern third, Jotham and Lewellyn, the northern third, and J.W. Bixby's widow and heirs keeping the central third. The Alamitos townsite was kept as a separate entity, but at first, it was primarily run by Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, although I.W, Hellman (who had the largest single share) had a significant veto power, an influence made even stronger as the J.W. Bixby heirs began to side with Hellman more and more.When Jotham Bixby died in 1916, the remaining {{convert|3,500|acre|km2}} of Rancho Los Cerritos was subdivided into the neighborhoods of Bixby Knolls, California Heights, North Long Beach and part of the city of Signal Hill.(File:LongBeach-oilfield-1920.jpg|left|thumb|Oil field in Long Beach, 1920)Oil was discovered in 1921 on Signal Hill, which split off as a separately incorporated city shortly afterward. The discovery of the Long Beach Oil Field, brought in by the gusher at the Alamitos No. 1 well, made Long Beach a major oil producer; in the 1920s the field was the most productive in the world.Schmitt, R. J., Dugan, J. E., and M. R. Adamson. "Industrial Activity and Its Socioeconomic Impacts:Oil and Three Coastal California Counties." MMS OCS Study 2002-049. Coastal Research Center, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California. MMS Cooperative Agreement Number 14-35-01-00-CA-31603. 244 pages; p. 47. In 1932, the even larger Wilmington Oil Field, fourth-largest in the United States, and which is mostly in Long Beach, was developed, contributing to the city's fame in the 1930s as an oil town.WEB, Oil and Gas Statistics: 2007 Annual Report, California Department of Conservation, December 31, 2007,weblink August 25, 2009, NEWS,weblink A History of Housing Practices in Long Beach, 2017-09-13, KCET, 2018-11-14, en, The M6.4 1933 Long Beach earthquake caused significant damage to the city and surrounding areas, killing a total of 120 people. Most of the damage occurred in unreinforced masonry buildings, especially schools. Pacific Bible Seminary (now known as Hope International University) was forced to move classes out of First Christian Church of Long Beach and into a small local home due to damage.WEB,weblink Pacific Bible Seminary,, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 31, 2012, mdy-all, (File:LongBeachFord.jpg|thumb|The new Ford assembly plant in Long Beach, 1930)The Ford Motor Company built a factory called Long Beach Assembly at the then address in 1929 as "700 Henry Ford Avenue, Long Beach" where the factory began building the Ford Model A. Production of Ford vehicles continued after the war until 1960 when the plant was closed due to a fire,WEB,weblink Ford Long Beach Assembly Plant,, and January 1991 when the factory was demolished partially due to air quality remediation efforts. Ford had earlier opened a Factory in Los Angeles at the location of 12th Street and Olive, with a later factory built at East Seventh Street and Santa Fe Avenue after 13Come 1938, the creation of Housing Authorities for both the City and County of Los Angeles were complete — and North Long Beach was to be home to the County Authority's first order of business: the Carmelitos Housing Project, Southern California's first affordable housing complex.The city was part of the Battle of Los Angeles during World War II when observers for the Army Air Corps reported shells being fired from the sea. Anti-aircraft batteries fired into the night sky, although no planes were ever sighted.Before the war, Long Beach had a sizable Japanese-American population, who worked in the fish canneries on Terminal Island and owned small truck (produce) farms in the area. Due to exaggerated fears on the coast and racial prejudice, state officials persuaded the national government to remove Japanese nationals and Japanese Americans for internment in 1942 to inland facilities. Most did not return to the city after their release from the camps. Due to this and other factors, Japanese Americans now make up less than 1% of the population of Long Beach, but the Japanese Community Center and a Japanese Buddhist Church survive. The Japanese-American Cultural Center is over the Gerald Desmond Bridge and the Vincent Thomas Bridge in San Pedro.Douglas Aircraft Company's largest facility was its Long Beach plant, totaling 1,422,350 sq. ft. The first plane rolled out the door on December 23, 1941. The plant produced C-47 Skytrain transports, B-17 Flying Fortress bombers, and A-20 Havoc attack bombers simultaneously. Douglas merged with the McDonnell Aircraft Company in 1967 where the Douglas DC-8 and the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 were built. In 1997 McDonnell Douglas merged with Boeing, which was still making C-17 Globemaster transport planes in Long Beach until 2015.Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 202-3, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. {{ISBN|978-1-4000-6964-4}}.Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 35-48, Cypress, CA, 2013. {{ISBN|978-0-9897906-0-4}}.File:Douglas Aircraft plant, Long Beach, CA.tiff|thumb|(C-47]] transport planes being built in Douglas Aircraft Company plant in Long Beach during World War IIParker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 47, Cypress, CA, 2013. {{ISBN|978-0-9897906-0-4}}.)

Resources for Cultural Heritageweblinkweblink" title="tessa.lapl.orgweblink">weblink


(File:Long Beach CA Photo D Ramey Logan.jpg|thumb|Long Beach, California, looking southwards (2010))Long Beach is located at 33° 47' North, 118° 10' West, about {{convert|20|mi|km|0}} south of downtown Los Angeles. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of {{convert|51.437|sqmi|km2|1}}, of which {{convert|50.293|sqmi|km2|1}} is land and {{convert|1.144|sqmi|km2}} (2.22%) is water. Long Beach completely surrounds the city of Signal Hill.


(File:LB Neighborhoods.jpg|thumb|Neighborhood map of the City of Long Beach, CA)Long Beach is composed of many different neighborhoods. Some neighborhoods are named after thoroughfares, while others are named for nearby parks, schools, or city features.


Long Beach has a Mediterranean-type climate, with semi-arid climate characteristics. In general, the city features warm/hot summers and mild, damp winters. Days in Long Beach are mostly sunny, as in Southern California in general. Temperatures recorded at the weather station at the Long Beach Airport, {{convert|4.0|mi|km}} inland from the ocean, range more greatly than those along the immediate coast. During the summer months, low clouds and fog occur frequently, developing overnight and blanketing the area on many mornings. This fog usually clears by the afternoon, and a westerly sea breeze often develops, keeping temperatures mild. Heat and high humidity can sometimes coincide in summer, which may cause discomfort due to the heat index.WEB,weblink Weather data,, PDF, 2019-05-16, Long Beach's location directly east of the Palos Verdes Peninsula, paired with its south facing coastline, results in the city sometimes experiencing different weather patterns than the Los Angeles metropolitan area coastal communities to the northwest and southeast of Long Beach, which largely have west facing coastlines. The 1200 ft Palos Verdes hills block west to east airflow and a significant amount of the coastal moisture that marks other coastal cities, such as Manhattan Beach, Santa Monica, and Newport Beach.As in most locations in Southern California, most rainfall in Long Beach occurs during the winter months. Storms can bring heavy rainfall.WEB
, NCDC: Weather Station: Long Beach Daugherty Field
, January 22, 2009
, dead
,weblink" title="">weblink
, November 23, 2011
, mdy
, {{Weather box|location = Long Beach Airport, California (1981–2010 normals,Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. extremes 1958–present)|single line = Y|collapsed = Y|Jan avg record high F = 82.8|Feb avg record high F = 82.7|Mar avg record high F = 84.3|Apr avg record high F = 90.0|May avg record high F = 89.0|Jun avg record high F = 89.8|Jul avg record high F = 93.3|Aug avg record high F = 95.8|Sep avg record high F = 98.7|Oct avg record high F = 94.4|Nov avg record high F = 87.7|Dec avg record high F = 79.8|year avg record high F=102.6|Jan avg record low F = 37.7|Feb avg record low F = 39.8|Mar avg record low F = 42.6|Apr avg record low F = 46.3|May avg record low F = 52.2|Jun avg record low F = 56.1|Jul avg record low F = 60.3|Aug avg record low F = 60.7|Sep avg record low F = 57.7|Oct avg record low F = 51.2|Nov avg record low F = 41.9|Dec avg record low F = 37.2|year avg record low F= 35.4|Jan record high F = 93|Feb record high F = 92|Mar record high F = 98|Apr record high F = 105|May record high F = 104|Jun record high F = 109|Jul record high F = 109|Aug record high F = 105|Sep record high F = 111|Oct record high F = 111|Nov record high F = 101|Dec record high F = 92|Jan high F = 67.4|Feb high F = 67.2|Mar high F = 68.6|Apr high F = 71.7|May high F = 73.6|Jun high F = 76.7|Jul high F = 81.9|Aug high F = 83.8|Sep high F = 82.1|Oct high F = 77.2|Nov high F = 72.1|Dec high F = 66.8|year high F= 74.1|Jan low F = 46.1|Feb low F = 48.0|Mar low F = 50.5|Apr low F = 53.2|May low F = 57.6|Jun low F = 61.0|Jul low F = 64.5|Aug low F = 64.9|Sep low F = 63.2|Oct low F = 58.3|Nov low F = 50.8|Dec low F = 45.8|year low F= 55.4|Jan record low F = 25|Feb record low F = 33|Mar record low F = 33|Apr record low F = 38|May record low F = 40|Jun record low F = 47|Jul record low F = 51|Aug record low F = 55|Sep record low F = 50|Oct record low F = 39|Nov record low F = 34|Dec record low F = 28|rain colour = green|Jan rain inch = 2.60|Feb rain inch = 3.09|Mar rain inch = 1.87|Apr rain inch = 0.60|May rain inch = 0.21|Jun rain inch = 0.07|Jul rain inch = 0.03|Aug rain inch = 0.03|Sep rain inch = 0.18|Oct rain inch = 0.63|Nov rain inch = 1.00|Dec rain inch = 1.95|year rain inch=12.26|unit rain days = 0.01 in|Jan rain days = 5.9|Feb rain days = 6.5|Mar rain days = 5.3|Apr rain days = 3.1|May rain days = 1.1|Jun rain days = 0.7|Jul rain days = 0.5|Aug rain days = 0.3|Sep rain days = 0.9|Oct rain days = 2.5|Nov rain days = 3.4|Dec rain days = 5.0|year rain days=35.2| Jan humidity = 64.7| Feb humidity = 66.9| Mar humidity = 67.2| Apr humidity = 65.4| May humidity = 68.2| Jun humidity = 69.6| Jul humidity = 68.3| Aug humidity = 68.5| Sep humidity = 69.2| Oct humidity = 67.6| Nov humidity = 67.1| Dec humidity = 66.2| year humidity= 67.4 PUBLISHER = NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLISHER = NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLISHER = NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, September 29, 2015, |date=August 2010}}



Long Beach suffers from some of the worst air pollution in the entire United States.NEWS,weblink #4 (tie): Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA - The 10 Most Polluted Cities in America -,, November 5, 2013, Most of the city is in proximity to the twin ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, and the prevailing westerly-to-west-south-westerly winds bring a large portion of the twin ports' air pollution directly into Long Beach before dispersing it northward then eastward.WEB,weblink City of Long Beach General plan, Air Quality Element, City of Long Beach website, February 4, 2011, Heavy pollution sources at the ports include the ships themselves, which burn high-sulfur, high-soot-producing bunker fuel to maintain internal electrical power while docked, as well as heavy diesel pollution from drayage trucks at the ports, and short-haul tractor-trailer trucks ferrying cargo from the ports to inland warehousing, rail yards, and shipping centers. Long-term average levels of toxic air pollutants (and the corresponding carcinogenic risk they create) can be two to three times higher in and around Long Beach, and in downwind areas to the east, than in other parts of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, such as the Westside, San Fernando Valley, or San Gabriel Valley.WEB,weblink Multiple Airborne Toxics Exposure Study (MATES III), South Coast Air Quality Management District website, February 4, 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 29, 2011, mdy-all, While overall regional pollution in the Los Angeles metropolitan area has declined in the last decade, pollution levels remain dangerously high in much of Long Beach due to the port pollution, with diesel exhaust from ships, trains, and trucks as the largest sources.NEWS,weblink Cancer risk from toxic air drops by 17% in Southland, Janet Wilson, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer, January 5, 2008, Los Angeles Times newspaper, Tribune Company, March 29, 2012, Additionally, Long Beach is directly downwind of several of the South Bay oil refineries. Any refinery process or chemical upset that results in the atmospheric release of refinery by-products (commonly sulfur dioxide)WEB,weblink SCAQMD Rule 1118, SCAQMD website, March 29, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 5, 2012, mdy-all, WEB,weblink SCAQMD News: AQMD TO SEEK EMISSION REDUCTIONS FROM REFINERY FLARES, SCAQMD website, March 29, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 12, 2012, mdy-all, will usually impact air quality in Long Beach due to the west-south-westerly prevailing wind.Similarly, the water quality in the Long Beach portion of San Pedro Bay, which is enclosed by the Federal Breakwater, commonly ranks among the poorest on the entire West Coast during rainy periods. Long Beach beaches average a D or F grade on beach water quality during rainy periods in the Beach Report Card published by Heal the Bay.WEB,weblink Beach Report Card for California, Heal the Bay website, February 4, 2011, However, during dry periods the water may have an A or B rating in the same reports. The Los Angeles River discharges directly into the Long Beach side of San Pedro Bay. meaning a large portion of all the urban runoff from the entire Los Angeles metropolitan area pours directly into the harbor water. This runoff contains most of the debris, garbage, chemical pollutants, and biological pathogens washed into storm drains in every upstream city each time it rains. Because the breakwater prevents tidal flushing and wave action, these pollutants build up in the harbor. The water enclosed by the breakwater, along most of the city's beaches, can be subject to red tides due to this stagnation as well. Because of these factors, the water in Long Beach is unsafe for swimming on a few days or weeks each year.


(File:LongBeachLongView.jpg|thumb|View from Signal Hill to Villa Riviera and port cranes (ca. 2009)The area that is now Long Beach historically included several ecological communities, with coastal scrub dominating.WEB,weblink Wildlife Habitats, California Department of Fish and Game website, February 24, 2008, A handful of the native plants of the region can still be found in the city. These include California buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum), California sagebrush (Artemisia californica), and California poppy (Eschscholzia californica). Some stands of coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) still remain in the El Dorado Nature Center. California fan palm (Washingtonia filifera), a plant that is native further inland, was introduced to the city as a garden ornamental and is now naturalized. Some indigenous species of birds, mammals, and other wildlife have adapted to development.Since the arrival of Europeans, many alien species have become naturalized in the area. Introduced plants include yellow mustard, eucalyptus, wild radish, and tumbleweed. Such plants now far outnumber the indigenous plants and spread rapidly in the city's vacant lots and oil fields.The city and its residents have initiatives underway to preserve and reclaim part of its ecological heritage. The RiverLink project has begun to revegetate the Long Beach stretch of the Los Angeles River with indigenous plants. Part of the remaining Pacific Electric right-of-way was cleared of nonnatives, planted with indigenous plants, and made accessible with foot and bike paths. This community open space is now known as The Long Beach Greenbelt and is the focus of continuing efforts in restoration and community education.The El Dorado Nature Center has changed its original "hands-off" approach and has begun to actively introduce indigenous species.WEB,weblink El Dorado Nature Center, City of Long Beach website, February 24, 2008,weblink" title="">weblink February 23, 2008, The Los Cerritos Wetlands Study Group, state government agencies, and grassroots groups are collaborating on a plan to preserve Long Beach's last remaining wetlands.Overhead view of Los Cerritos Wetlands. Long Beach is the first city in California to join the 'EcoZone' Program, intended to measurably improve environmental conditions through public-private partnerships. Such projects seek to reduce pollution, restore native habitat, and provide green areas for the city's residents to enjoy.Other places in Long Beach to see natural areas include Bluff Park (coastal bluffs), the Golden Shores Marine Reserve, the Jack Dunster Marine Reserve, Shoreline Park, and DeForest Park.Long Beach led Southern California in parks access, size and spending, ranking 16th among a survey of 75 large U.S. cities, with Los Angeles and Anaheim tied for 51st and Santa Ana 69th, according to a study released by a national conservation group.WEB,weblink Survey of best cities for parks lists Long Beach ahead of Los Angeles, Anaheim,, 2015-05-20,


{{US Census population|1890= 564|1900= 2252|1910= 17809|1920= 55593|1930= 142032|1940= 164271|1950= 250767|1960= 334168|1970= 358879|1980= 361498|1990= 429433|2000= 461522|2010= 462257|estyear=2018|estimate=467354ACCESSDATE=JULY 12, 2019, PUBLISHER=CENSUS.GOVURL-STATUS=DEADARCHIVEDATE=APRIL 26, 2015, mdy, }}{| class="wikitable sortable collapsible" style="font-size: 90%;"! Demographic profile !! 2010 !! 1990WEB, California - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau,weblink April 20, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 12, 2012, !! 1970 !! 1950White American>White 46.1% 58.4% 91.8% 97.4%Non-Hispanic whites>Non-Hispanic 29.4% 49.5% 86.2% N/AAfrican American>Black or African American 13.5% 13.7% 5.3% 1.7%Hispanic and Latino Americans>Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 40.8% 23.6% 6.0% N/AAsian American>Asian 12.9% 13.6% 1.9% 0.7%


(File:Race and ethnicity 2010- Long Beach (5560461606).png|thumb|Map of racial distribution in Long Beach, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or Other (yellow))The 2010 United States CensusWEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, July 15, 2014, 2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Long Beach city, U.S. Census Bureau, July 12, 2014, reported that Long Beach had a population of 462,257. The population density was 9,191.3 people per square mile (3,548.8/km²). The racial makeup of Long Beach was 213,066 (46.1%) White, 62,603 (13.5%) Black or African American, 3,458 (0.7%) Native American, 59,496 (12.9%) Asian (4.5% Filipino, 3.9% Cambodian, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Indian, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Thai, 0.1% Laotian, 0.1% Hmong), 5,253 (1.1%) Pacific Islander (0.8% Samoan, 0.1% Guamanian, 0.1% Tongan), 93,930 (20.3%) from other races, and 24,451 (5.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 188,412 persons (40.8%). 32.9% of the city's population was of Mexican heritage."Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 {{webarchive |url= |date=March 5, 2014 }}". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2012. Non-Hispanic Whites were 29.4% of the population in 2010, down from 86.2% in 1970.The ethnic Cambodian population of approximately 20,000 is the largest outside of Asia.The Census reported 453,980 people (98.2% of the population) lived in households, 5,321 (1.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 2,956 (0.6%) were institutionalized.There were 163,531 households, out of which 58,073 (35.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 61,850 (37.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 26,781 (16.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 10,598 (6.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 12,106 (7.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3,277 (2.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 46,536 (28.5%) were made up of individuals and 11,775 (7.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78. There were 99,229 families (60.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.52.The age distribution of the city was as follows: 115,143 people (24.9%) were under the age of 18, 54,163 people (11.7%) aged 18 to 24, 140,910 people (30.5%) aged 25 to 44, 109,206 people (23.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 42,835 people (9.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.There were 176,032 housing units at an average density of 3,422.2 per square mile (1,321.3/km²), of which 67,949 (41.6%) were owner-occupied, and 95,582 (58.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.2%. 195,254 people (42.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 258,726 people (56.0%) lived in rental housing units.During 2009–2013, Long Beach had a median household income of $52,711, with 20.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.As of 2014, the population of Long Beach was 473,577.


As of the censusWEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, January 31, 2008, American FactFinder, dead,weblink" title="">weblink September 11, 2013, mdy, of 2000, there were 461,522 people, 163,088 households, and 99,646 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,149.8 inhabitants per square mile (3,532.8/km²). There were 171,632 housing units at an average density of 3,402.6 per square mile (1,313.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 45.2% White, 14.9% Black or African American (U.S. Census), 0.8% Native American, 12.1% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 20.6% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 35.8% of the population.The city has changed since the 1950s, when its population was predominantly European-American and the city was nicknamed "Iowa by the Sea" or "Iowa under Palm Trees" as it had a slower pace than neighboring Los Angeles. In 1950, whites represented 97.4% of Long Beach's population.WEB, Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States, U.S. Census Bureau,weblink December 24, 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 12, 2012, Since the second half of the 20th century, the city has been a major port of entry for Asian and Latin American immigrants headed to Los Angeles. The Harbor section of downtown Long Beach was once home to people of Dutch, Greek, Italian, Maltese, Portuguese and Spanish ancestry, most of them employed in manufacturing and fish canneries until the 1960s.According to a report by USA Today in 2000, Long Beach is the most ethnically diverse large city in the United States.NEWS,weblink Long Beach Awaits Hate-Crime Verdict, Washington Post website, Sonya, Geis, January 23, 2007, May 11, 2010, Non-Hispanic White Americans made up 30.0% of the city's population. Its Asian community includes the largest Cambodian community in the United States, and the second-largest Cambodian community outside of Asia (after Paris). A neighborhood along Anaheim Street is called "Little Phnom Penh". There are also sizable populations of immigrants and descendants from Vietnam and the Philippines.Long Beach had offered many industrial jobs to African Americans during the years of World War II. This resulted in the increase of blacks in Long Beach caused by the Second Great Migration. There are black communities in the Eastside, North Long Beach, and Upper Westside neighborhoods.It has a relatively high proportion of Pacific Islanders (over 1% as of the 2000 Census), from Samoa and Tonga. Most American Indians, about 0.8% of the city's population, arrived during the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs urban relocation programs in the 1950s.Long Beach once had a sizable Japanese American population, which largely worked in the fish canneries on Terminal Island and on small truck farms in the area. In 1942, not long after the Attack on Pearl Harbor and subsequent Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued United States Executive Order 9066 which allowed military commanders to designate areas "from which any or all persons may be excluded." Under this order, all Japanese and Americans of Japanese ancestry were categorically removed from Western coastal regions and sent to internment camps, without regard for due process. Most did not return to Long Beach after their release from the camps. Japanese Americans make up less than 1% of the population of Long Beach, yet the city still has a Japanese Community Center and a Japanese Buddhist Church from its earlier history.File:Wrigley Long Beach California.jpg|thumb|The Wrigley neighborhood]]As of the 2000 census, there were 163,088 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. Of all households, 29.6% were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.55.In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.The median income for a household in the city was $37,270, and the median income for a family was $40,002. Males had a median income of $36,807 versus $31,975 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,040. About 19.3% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. In 2008, the Census Bureau showed the number of people living below the poverty line had dropped to 18.2%.NEWS, Meeks, Karen Robes, Poverty rate in L.B. falls to 18.2%, Long Beach Press-Telegram, August 26, 2008,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink December 10, 2008, dead, mdy-all,


{{Refimprove section|date=May 2007}}The economic base has changed over the years. Oil extraction created a boom and Long Beach was a Navy town for many years before the base closed.NEWS,weblink Mayor Robert Garcia wants to transform Long Beach into high-tech hub, Los Angeles Times, April 2, 2015,, April 3, 2015, The aerospace industry played an important role. Douglas Aircraft Company (later McDonnell Douglas and now part of Boeing) had plants at the Long Beach Airport where they built aircraft for World War II, and later built DC-8s, DC-9s, DC-10s, and MD-11s. Boeing built the Boeing 717 until 2006 and the C-17 Globemaster III strategic airlifter plant is scheduled to close. Even after greatly reducing the number of local employees in recent years, Boeing is still the largest private employer in the city. Polar Air Cargo, an international cargo airline, was formerly based in Long Beach. TABC, Inc., a part of Toyota, makes a variety of car parts, including steering columns and catalytic converters, in Long Beach.Epson America, Inc. the U.S. affiliate of Japan-based Seiko Epson Corporation, is headquartered in Long Beach."Epson's Global Network {{webarchive|url= |date=October 10, 2009 }}." Seiko Epson. Retrieved on January 13, 2009. Pioneer Electronics, the U.S. affiliate of Japan-based Pioneer Corporation, is also headquartered in Long Beach along with SCAN Health Plan, a non-profit "Medicare Advantage" HMO for seniors. Molina Healthcare, Inc., a Medicaid management healthcare program, is headquartered in Long Beach. The real estate company HCP is based in Long Beach. Jesse James' West Coast Choppers custom motorcycle shop was in Long Beach, and much of the Monster Garage cable TV show was shot in Long Beach. Long Beach Green Business Association is an organization working to create economic growth through the promotion of green business and promoting a buy local program for Long Beach."weblink

Top employers

{| class="wikitable"|+ Largest employers! #! Employer! Employees (2017)WEB, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Page 201,weblink City of Long Beach, 9 May 2018, | 1|Long Beach Unified School District|12,808| 2|City of Long Beach|5,318| 3|Long Beach Memorial Medical Center|5,091| 4|Veterans Health Administration|3,243| 5|California State University, Long Beach|3,045| 6|Long Beach City College|2,744| 7|Molina Healthcare|2,433| 8|CSULB Research Foundation|1,708| 9|Boeing|1,705| 10St. Mary Medical Center (Long Beach)>St. Mary Medical Center|1,466||United States Postal Service|1,466||Verizon Communications|1,466Trade valued annually at more than $140 billion moves through Long Beach, making it the second busiest seaport in the United States. The Port supports more than 30,000 jobs in Long Beach, 316,000 jobs throughout Southern California and 1.4 million jobs throughout the United States. It generates about $16 billion in annual trade-related wages statewide.Port of Long Beach - About Us. Retrieved on July 29, 2013.


Los Altos Center is the only mall anchored by major department stores within city limits, while Lakewood Center mall is adjacent to Long Beach. Until the 1950s, Long Beach was the major retail hub between Los Angeles and Santa Ana. Buffum's, Walker's and Robert's all had their flagship stores in the city."Economic health of downtown", Independent Press-Telegram (Long Beach, California) 21 Apr 1974, p.10 Later the Long Beach Plaza and Marina Pacifica malls were built, since repurposed as retail power centers.


File:Downtown Long Beach.jpg|thumb|View of downtown from the Queen Mary at night]]


The Long Beach Museum of Art, sited in the historic Elizabeth Milbank Anderson residence, is owned by the City of Long Beach, and operated by the Long Beach Museum of Art Foundation. Long Beach also features the Museum of Latin American Art, founded in 1996 by Dr. Robert Gumbiner. It is the only museum in the western United States that exclusively features modern and contemporary Latin American art.Long Beach's newest museum is The Pacific Island Ethnic Art Museum (PieAM). This museum was a project of Robert Gumbiner at the time of his death.NEWS, Nelson, Valerie J., Robert Gumbiner dies at 85; HMO pioneer founded Museum of Latin American Art,weblink January 1, 2012, Los Angeles Times, January 23, 2009, The museum opened October 15, 2010.In 1965, Long Beach State hosted the first International Sculpture Symposium to be held in the United States and the first at a college or university. Six sculptors from around the world and two from the United States created many of the monumental sculptures seen on the campus. There are now over 20 sculptures on the campus.Long Beach is known for its street art. Some of the murals were created in conjunction with the city's Mural and Cultural Arts Program, but many others were not.WEB,weblink Neighborhood Mural Program, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 22, 2008, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, September 7, 2012, Long Beach Mural Index, On the exterior of the Long Beach Sports Arena is one of the artist Wyland's Whaling Walls. At 116,000 square feet (11,000 m²), it is the world's largest mural (according to the Guinness Book of Records).Shops and galleries in the East Village Arts District, in downtown Long Beach hold their monthly art openings and artists exhibit in street galleries on the second Saturday of the month during the Artwalk.Long Beach has a percent for art program administered through the Arts Council of Long Beach and the Redevelopment Agency which ensures new private developments contribute to the arts fund or commission artworks for their new projects.WEB,weblink Arts Council for Long Beach, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 14, 2014,


The Bob Cole Conservatory of Music, the recently renamed school of music at CSULB, presents a wide variety of classical, jazz, and world music concerts each year. The Conservatory is part of CSULB's renowned College of the Arts.The Long Beach Symphony plays numerous classical and pop music concerts throughout the year. The symphony plays at the Terrace Theater in the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center.WEB,weblink Long Beach Symphony Orchestra, Long Beach Opera, founded in 1979, is the oldest professional opera company serving the Los Angeles and Orange County regions. It presents performances of standard and non-standard opera repertoire at various locations, including the Terrace Theater and Center Theater of the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center and the Richard and Karen Carpenter Performing Arts Center at CSULB.WEB,weblink Opera Long Beach, Long Beach Community Concert AssociationWEB, Long Beach Community Concert Association,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 22, 2015, is a 49-year-old volunteer organization that provides quality musical entertainment appealing to seniors and others, four Sunday afternoons a year at the Carpenter Performing Arts CenterWEB,weblink Richard and Karen Carpenter Performing Arts Center,, July 2, 2010, at CSULB. LBCCA also has an outreach program taking musical entertainment to senior care and senior housing facilities around the greater Long Beach area.KJAZZ 88.1 FM (KKJZ) broadcasts from California State University, Long Beach. The station originally featured jazz and blues music exclusively but now plays a broader range of music including Rhythm and Blues (R&b). KKJZ can also be listened to over the Internet.WEB,weblink KJazz 88.1 - America's Jazz and Blues Station,, Kbeach is the student owned and operated web-only radio at CSULB.WEB,weblink Kbeach website,, July 2, 2010, Long Beach City College operates two internet student-run radio stations, KCTY FMWEB,weblink KCTY website,, July 2, 2010, and KLBC AM.Long Beach is the host to a number of long-running music festivals. They include the Bob Marley Reggae Festival (February), the Cajun & Zydeco Festival (May), the El Dia De San Juan Puerto Rican Festival (Salsa music, June) the Aloha Concert Jam (Hawaiian music, June), the Long Beach Jazz Festival (August), the Long Beach Blues Festival (September, since 1980), and the Brazilian Street Carnaval (Brazilian music, September).The Long Beach Municipal Band, founded in 1909, is the longest running, municipally supported band in the country. In 2005, the band played 24 concerts in various parks around Long Beach.WEB,weblink Live Outdoor Bands,, Long Beach is also the point of origin for bands and musicians such as The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Jenni Rivera, T.S.O.L., Frank Ocean, Sublime, Snoop Dogg, Tha Mexakinz, Nate Dogg, Warren G, Tha Dogg Pound, Knoc-Turn'al, the Long Beach Dub Allstars, Avi Buffalo, Crystal Antlers, The Emperors, The Pyramids, Crooked I, Stick to Your Guns, War and Vince Staples.


File:Long Beach, CA at night.jpg|thumb|Downtown Long BeachDowntown Long BeachLong Beach has several resident professional and semi-professional theater companies. Musical Theatre West, one of the largest regional theatrical producers in Southern California, performs at the Carpenter Performing Arts Center on the campus of CSU Long Beach. International City Theatre produces plays and musicals at the Beverly O'Neill Theatre (part of the Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center). The Long Beach Playhouse, in continuous operation for over 75 years, has shows running 50 weeks out of the year on two stages.NEWS, Long Beach Playhouse’s The Twentieth-Century Way Brings the City’s Rainbow History Back Home, OC Weekly, Joel, Beers, August 9, 2018, 20 November 2018,weblink Long Beach Shakespeare Company for over 20 years has provided free outdoor Shakespeare Festivals in the Summer.Additionally, Long Beach is home to a number of smaller and "black-box" theaters, including the Found Theatre, Alive Theatre,WEB,weblink Alive Theatre Long Beach, CA,, July 2, 2010, the Garage TheatreWEB,weblink THE GARAGE THEATRE,, and California Repertory Company (part of the graduate theater program at CSULB) that performs at the Royal Theater aboard the Queen Mary in downtown Long Beach.WEB,weblink California Repertory Company Long Beach California Theatre, Southern California Performing Arts,, July 2, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 13, 2010, Numerous tours and other stage events come through Long Beach, particularly at the Terrace Theater and the Carpenter Center, and both CSU Long Beach and Long Beach City College maintain active theater departments.

Cultural events

In October, Long Beach State hosts the CSULB Wide Screen Film Festival, at the Carpenter Performing Arts Center. The festival started in 1992 as a showcase for movies shot in the widescreen format, but has since been transformed into an artist-in-residence event. A major video and film artist (such as former CSULB student Steven Spielberg) screens and discusses their own work as well as the ten productions that most influenced their cinematic vision.WEB,weblink Wide Screen Film Festival website,, September 25, 2005, July 2, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 1, 2009, The "Naples Island Christmas Parade" has been held since 1946, and passes through the canals of Naples and around Alamitos Bay past Belmont Shore. The "Parade of A Thousand Lights" is in the Shoreline Village area (near downtown Long Beach and the RMS Queen Mary).History of the Naples Island Christmas boat parade{{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}} There is also a Christmas boat parade in the nearby Port of Los Angeles/San Pedro area, and another in the Huntington Harbour community of nearby Huntington Beach.The Long Beach Lesbian and Gay Pride Parade and Festival has been held in May or June since 1984. It is the second largest event in Long Beach, attracting over 125,000 participants over the two-day celebration. It is the third largest Gay Pride Parade in the United States.WEB,weblink Long Beach Gay Pride Parade website,, November 24, 1998, July 2, 2010, The Long Beach Sea Festival is held during the summer months (June through August). It features events centered on the ocean and the beach. These events include beach volleyball, movies on the beach, and a tiki festival.WEB,weblink Long Beach Sea Festival web site,, July 2, 2010,weblink" title="">weblink July 31, 2010, dead, mdy-all,

Sites of interest

(File:Rms_queen_mary_2008.jpg|thumb|right|RMS Queen Mary in Long Beach Harbor)The RMS Queen Mary is a 1936 Art Deco ocean liner permanently docked at Long Beach. Roughly {{convert|200|ft|m|abbr=on}} longer than the RMS Titanic, the former Cunard Liner is famous for being the fastest in the world from 1936 to 1952, for its distinctive art deco design and for its use during World War II as a troop transport. It was purchased by the City of Long Beach in 1967 for conversion to a hotel and maritime museum.The nonprofit Aquarium of the Pacific is on a {{convert|5|acre|m2|adj=on}} site on Rainbow Harbor in Long Beach, across the water from the Long Beach Convention Center, Shoreline Village, and the Queen Mary Hotel and Attraction.The Long Beach Department of Parks, Recreation and Marine received a Gold Medal award from the National Recreation and Park Association in 2002, 2003, and 2004, recognizing the Department's "outstanding management practices and programs." The Department manages 92 parks covering over {{convert|3,100|acre|km2}} throughout the city, including the {{convert|815|acre|km2}} El Dorado Regional Park, which features fishing lakes, an archery range, youth campground, bike trails, and picnic areas. The Department also operates four public swimming pools, and four launch ramps for boaters to access the Pacific Ocean.The {{convert|102.5|acre|km2|1|adj=on}} El Dorado Nature Center is part of the larger El Dorado Regional Park. The center features lakes, a stream, and trails, with meadows and forested areas.The Municipal Fly Casting PoolGrobaty, Tim. (July 22, 2002) Long Beach Press-Telegram What's Up: Forever Fun in the Sun. Section: Local news; Page A3. at Recreation ParkWEB,weblink Municipal Fly Casting Pool overhead view, Google Maps, January 1, 1970, July 2, 2010, in East Long Beach is a 260-by-135-foot clear water, fishless pond built and operated since 1925 by the Long Beach Casting Club as only one of two Southern California city operated casting ponds (the other being in Pasadena).Russell, Kelle. (February 5, 1993) Long Beach Press-Telegram Getting Hooked on Fly-Fishing. Section: Local news; Page D3. Described recently as a serene pond "surrounded by a seemingly endless stretch of green grass against a backdrop of mountains and palm trees," several movie stars from the 1940s were taught to fly cast at the pond, including Robert Taylor, Clark Gable, Jimmy Durante, and Barbara Stanwyck.Welsh, Jed. (August 23, 2001) Long Beach Press-Telegram Experts to Teach Fly Casting. Section: Sports; Page B7. In 1932, the fly fishing clubhouse adjacent to the fly fishing pond was used for the Summer Olympic Games and housed military personnel during World War II.Gewirtz, Jason. (July 27, 2000) Long Beach Press-Telegram City Council Eases Off Certain Restrictions on Skateboarding. Section: Local news; Page A3.The Long Beach Greenbelt is a section of the old Pacific Electric right-of-way, restored by community activists as native habitat. It supports approximately 40 species of California native plants as well as a plethora of urban wildlife. Its pleasant, relaxing atmosphere provides for community open space while educating citizens about what the land was like prior to industrialization and urbanization.Rancho Los Alamitos is a {{convert|7.5|acre|m2|adj=on}} historical site owned by the City of Long Beach and is near the Long Beach campus of the California State University system. The site includes five agricultural buildings, including a working blacksmith's shop, {{convert|4|acre|m2}} of gardens, and an adobe ranch house dating from around 1800. The Rancho is within a gated community; visitors must pass through security gates to get to it.WEB,weblink Rancho Los Alamitos Historic Site, Rancho Los Cerritos is a {{convert|4.7|acre|m2|adj=on}} historical site owned by Long Beach in the Bixby Knolls area near the Virginia Country Club. The adobe buildings date from the 1880s. The site also includes a California history research library.WEB,weblink Rancho Los Cerritos Historic Site, Long Beach is home to the nation's skinniest house.WEB,weblink Yahoo Travel Guide,, July 2, 2010, NEWS,weblink October 29, 2001, July 2, 2010, Daren, Briscoe, Los Angeles Times, The Skinny on Thin House, The Earl Burns Miller Japanese Garden is on the campus of California State University, Long Beach.Long Beach offers singing gondolier trips through the canals of Naples.Roraback, K. (October 18, 1986) Los Angeles Times Gondola Getaway Is Romantic, Authentic—and Freeway Close Section: VW-View-LS-Life & Style; Page 1.Segura, Joe. (January 28, 2006) Long Beach Press-Telegram Gondolas get away to downtown L.B. Section: Beachweek; Page 5. Along with gondola rides on Lake Merritt, on the Napa River, in Huntington Beach, in Newport Beach, in Redondo Beach, and at The Venetian (Las Vegas), Long Beach is only one of seven places in the Western United States where tourists may ride in a gondola.Fullwood, Janet. (October 24, 2004) The Sacramento Bee California, too, has places to go gallivanting in a gondola.] Section: Travel, Page M6.{{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}The front beach area of the city was once home to a now-defunct amusement park. Its first rollercoaster opened for business in June 1907. It was named the Figure 8 after the shape of the tracks, and was built on pilings that reached out over the water. In 1914 the Pike Amusement Zone undertook several upgrades and a new roller coaster named the Jack Rabbit Racer was opened in May 1915 becoming the second largest racing coaster in the country. It was part of the Silver Spray Pier which included several new rides and concessions. In the mid twenties, several expansions were made to the area and the Jack Rabbit Racer was remodeled raising the ride's dips to a greater height and steepness but it was soon removed to make way for the Cyclone Racer roller coaster which opened May 1930. The new coaster was also built on pilings over the ocean, but as the breakwater was built and the harbor expanded, the sandy beach extended. Eventually the entire pier stood over the beach. When demolished in September 1968, the Cyclone Racer was the only two track roller coaster in the United States.Long Beach is home to Rosie's Dog Beach – the only legal off-leash beach area for dogs on in Los Angeles County. The Dog Zone is in effect from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. every day.WEB,weblink Rosies Dog Beach,, 2019-05-16, This {{convert|3|acre|m2|adj=on}} area is situated in Belmont Shore between Roycroft and Argonne Avenues.


File:LBGP05.jpg|thumb|right|2005 Grand Prix of Long BeachGrand Prix of Long Beach

Grand Prix of Long Beach

The Grand Prix of Long Beach in April is the single largest event in Long Beach. It started in 1975 as a Formula 5000 race on the streets of downtown, and became a Formula One race, the United States Grand Prix West, the following year. From 1984 to 2008 it was a Champ Car event, and is now an IndyCar race. During the same weekend as the Grand Prix, there is also a IMSA SportsCar Championship race, a Formula D round and the Pirelli World Challenge.The Long Beach Motorsports Walk of Fame is on South Pine Avenue in front of the Long Beach Convention Center adjacent to the Long Beach Grand Prix circuit. The Walk of Fame was created in 2006 to honor key contributors to motorsports and annually inducts new members in conjunction with the Long Beach Grand Prix. A {{convert|22|in|mm|adj=on}} bronze medallion is placed in the sidewalk for each new inductee. The medallion includes a rendition of the racer's car and lists top achievements in motor sports.

Long Beach Marathon

The Long Beach Marathon is run every year in October throughout the City of Long Beach. The annual event includes a variety of races including a Kids Fun Run, a Bike Tour, 5K, Half Marathon and Full Marathon. All races begin and end around the Shoreline Village area of downtown Long Beach. 25,000 runners and cyclists participated in the 2013 festivities drawing nearly 50,000 people attending the event overall.WEB,weblink Run Long Beach - History Of The Marathon,, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 1, 2014, mdy-all, 2017-04-25, The full marathon is a fast Boston qualifying course passing through sandy beaches, Belmont Shore, and the Cal State Long Beach campus.WEB,weblink Run Long Beach - Long Beach International City Bank Marathon – October 12, 2014,, 2017-04-25,


The Long Beach State 49ers baseball team has been playing since 1954. They play at Blair Field, across the street from Wilson High School. They are called the Dirtbags by many fans and is the team's official nickname.


Long Beach was the home of the American Basketball Association team Long Beach Chiefs during the 1962/1963 season. They played in the newly opened Long Beach Arena.The minor league American Basketball Association team, the Long Beach Jam, played in the Walter Pyramid (a pyramid-shaped gym) on the Long Beach State campus) from 2003 to 2005.The Southern California Summer Pro League is a showcase for current and prospective NBA basketball players, including recent draft picks, NBA players working on their skills and conditioning, and international professionals hoping to become NBA players. The league plays in the Pyramid on the Long Beach State campus during July.File:Marine Stadium Long Beach California.jpg|thumb|Long Beach Marine Stadium created to host the rowing events for the 1932 Summer Olympics1932 Summer Olympics


Since its inception in August 1964, the Congressional Cup has grown into one of the major international sailing events. Now held in April, it is the only grade 1 match race regatta held in the United States. The one-on-one race format is the same as the America's Cup, and many of the winners of the Congressional Cup have gone on to win the America's Cup as well.The Leeway Sailing and Aquatics Center on Alamitos Bay in Belmont Shore is a youth sailing program founded in 1929.WEB,weblink Leeway Sailing & Aquatics Center, City of Long Beach, CA, April 10, 2015,

Water skiing

In July, there is the annual Catalina Ski Race, which starts from Long Beach Harbor and goes to Catalina Island and back to complete a {{convert|100|km|mi|0}} circuit. This race has been held annually since 1948 and features skiers from up to seventy teams from around the world.Goldfinger Racing in conjunction with Phase One Productions presents the 2nd Annual Jumboscreen/DVD production and the FIRST EVER LIVE internet broadcast of THE 59TH ANNUAL CATALINA WATER SKI RACE {{webarchive|url= |date=April 5, 2012 }}65TH ANNUAL CATALINA SKI RACE {{Webarchive|url= |date=June 29, 2014 }} Retrieved July 22, 2012


Although California's surfing scene is said to have gotten its start in Long Beach when in 1911 two surfers returned from Hawaii and the city hosted the first National Surfing and Paddleboard Championships in 1938, surfing is now uncommon in Long Beach due to a {{convert|2.2|mi|km|adj=on}} long breakwater built in 1949 to protect the U.S. Pacific Fleet. The breakwater reduces "mighty waves to mere lake-like lapping along the city's beaches." The fleet left in the 1990s, and now some residents are calling for it to be lowered or eliminated and the city has commissioned a $100,000 study for this purpose.NEWS, Schoch, Deborah, Long Beach at sea over breakwater removal plan, The Los Angeles Times, June 30, 2008,weblink July 1, 2008,

Rugby union

The Belmont Shore rugby team plays in the US Rugby Super League. They have been in seven league finals, and have been champions three times.{{Citation needed|date=February 2010}}

College sports

Long Beach State's team mascot are the 49ers.WEB, Long Beach State Athletics – Official website of the 49ers,weblink January 7, 2009,weblink" title="">weblink February 2, 2009, dead, The school has participated in national championships in women's volleyball (5), men's volleyball (1), track and field (1), men's tennis (1; Division II), swimming (1; Division II), women's badminton (2), and women's field hockey (1). The school also has regularly appeared in NCAA tournaments in men's baseball, men's softball, men's basketball, women's basketball, men's golf, women's tennis, men's water polo, and women's water polo.weblink {{webarchive |url= |date=February 13, 2008 }} Their cheer team were national champions in 2003, 2004 and 2006.weblink {{webarchive |url= |date=October 17, 2013 }} The D1 roller hockey team were the 2011 national champions after defeating Lindenwood University.The other college-level sports team in the city is Long Beach City College. The school has appeared in national championships in men's gymnastics (6), football (5), women's soccer (3), and men's doubles and singles tennis (1 each). They have also had state championships in numerous sports, including 2006–7 championships in men's and women's water polo.WEB, Championship history,weblink Long Beach City College Athletics,


The archery field in El Dorado Regional Park was the site for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics archery competition.weblink longbeach.govCSU Long Beach has one of the few remaining university varsity archery teams in California.

2028 Summer Olympics

Multiple sports will be held in Long Beach during the 2028 Summer Olympics, including BMX cycling, water polo, triathlon, open water swimming, sailing and handball.WEB,weblink Stage 2 funding brochure,, PDF, 2019-05-16,


{{see also|Government of Los Angeles County}}


Long Beach is a California charter city, and is governed by nine City Council members, who are elected by district, and the Mayor, who is elected at-large since a citywide initiative passed in 1988. The City Attorney, City Auditor, and City Prosecutor are also elected positions. The city is supported by a budget of $2.3 billion, and has more than 5,500 employees.WEB,weblink City of Long Beach Web Site, Long Beach was first incorporated in 1888 with 59 buildings and a new school. Nine years later, dissatisfaction with prohibition and high taxes led to an abortive and short-lived disincorporation. Before the year 1897 was out, the citizens voted to reincorporate, and the 1897 date of incorporation is shown on the city seal.File:Belmont Heights Long Beach California.jpg|thumb|The Belmont Heights neighborhood]]Long Beach is a full-service city that provides nearly all of its own municipal services, in contrast with a contract city. City hall provides a full range of traditional municipal services through the various departments that make up its staff of civil servants. In addition to its own police and fire departments, Long Beach provides:
  • Municipal water supply and sewer service through the Long Beach Water Department, which has a water treatment plant within the city
  • A Gas & Oil Department, which manages consumer natural gas service and infrastructure, as well as crude oil extraction subsidence controlWEB,weblink Long Beach Gas & Oil, June 19, 2014,
  • Health services through the Long Beach Health & Human Services Department, which handles both environmental health (such as restaurant/food inspection) and public health services. This is one of the only three municipal health departments in California (the other two being Pasadena and Berkeley)
  • Sanitation and recycling services through the Environmental Services Bureau in the Public Works DepartmentWEB,weblink Long Beach Environmental Services Bureau, Long Beach Environmental Services Bureau, June 19, 2014,
  • Animal control service that, in addition to serving Long Beach, serves nearby cities including Signal Hill and Seal Beach
  • A City Auditor
  • A City Prosecutor
Long Beach held its elections for City Council on April (primary) and June (runoff) until the 2018 election. Starting with the 2020 election, primary election is being held in March and runoff election is being held in November. The major exception to the full range of municipal services is electricity, which is provided by Southern California Edison.

Federal and state representation

In the California State Senate, Long Beach is split between {{Representative|casd|33|fmt=sdistrict}}, {{Representative|casd|34|fmt=sdistrict}}, and {{Representative|casd|35|fmt=sdistrict}}.WEB
, Communities of Interest - City
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, October 7, 2014
,weblink" title="">weblink
, October 23, 2015
, dead
, mdy-all
, In the California State Assembly, it is split between {{Representative|caad|63|fmt=adistrict}}, {{Representative|caad|64|fmt=adistrict}}, and {{Representative|caad|70|fmt=adistrict}}.WEB
, Communities of Interest - City
, California Citizens Redistricting Commission
, October 7, 2014
,weblink" title="">weblink
, October 23, 2015
, dead
, mdy-all
, In the United States House of Representatives, Long Beach is split between {{Representative|cacd|44|fmt=district}}, and {{Representative|cacd|47|fmt=district}}.WEB
, Communities of Interest - City
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, September 27, 2014
,weblink" title="">weblink
, September 30, 2013
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Police department

The Long Beach Police Department provides law enforcement for the City of Long Beach.

Restrictions on registered sex offenders

On March 18, 2008, Long Beach became the first city in California to heavily restrict residency and visitation rights for California registered sex offenders. Triggered by a local protest of a multi-apartment dwelling which tenanted several paroled registered sex offenders, and fueled by local radio hosts John Kobylt and Ken Chiampou of KFI's John and Ken show, city council members voted 7–0 to enact 18 ordinances, of which the most restrictive prohibits residency by all registered sex offenders, whether they are on parole or not, within {{convert|2000|ft|m}} of any child care center, public or private school, or park. Google Maps measurements indicate the total exclusion area encompasses over 96% of the area of Long Beach that is zoned for residential use. Registered sex offenders residing within the exclusion zone were given until September 2008 to vacate the restricted area. Once this happens, no sex offender will legally be able to live in the vast majority of Long Beach. While several other ordinances restrict the number of registered sex offenders who may reside in an apartment complex, there are no apartment complexes within city limits that are outside of the exclusion zone. In addition, the ordinances prohibit all registered sex offenders from using any park, beach, or facility that caters to children, such as amusement parks and restaurants with children's playgrounds, or even travel within {{convert|500|ft|m}} of such places.WEB,weblink, Council Approves LB Muni Code Amendments Adding Sex Offender Residency/Loitering Restrictions, WEB,weblink Long Beach Press-Telegram, March 19, 2008, Long Beach passes sex offender rules, March 20, 2008,weblink" title="">weblink December 10, 2008, dead, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Long Beach Municipal Code Update (PDF), ORDINANCE NO. ORD-08-0004,

Fire department

The Long Beach Fire Department (LBFD), ISO Class 1, provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the City of Long Beach.WEB,weblink Fire,, The Long Beach Fire Department operates out of 23 Fire Stations throughout the city.WEB,weblink organization chart,,


State and federal

File:U.S. Post Office (Long Beach Main).jpg|thumb|US Post Office-Long Beach MainUS Post Office-Long Beach Main
  • The Glenn M. Anderson Long Beach Federal Building in downtown Long Beach at 501 West Ocean Blvd., houses offices for NOAA and other federal agencies, although NOAA plans to shift leadership of the Fisheries office to the Pacific Northwest and shrink this office through attrition.
  • The Long Beach Main Post Office of the U.S. Postal Service serves as the main postal facility for Long Beach."weblink" title="">Post Office Location – LONG BEACH." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 23, 2009.
  • The Long Beach Naval Shipyard was established in 1943 and closed in 1997, employing over 16,000 people at its peak in 1945.


Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Long Beach Unified School District serves most of the City of Long Beach.Other school districts that serve sections of Long Beach include:

Private schools

Colleges and universities

File:Walter Pyramid.jpg|right|thumb|The Walter Pyramid at California State University, Long BeachCalifornia State University, Long BeachLong Beach, California has two public institutions dedicated to higher education: California State University, Long Beach and Long Beach City College.Founded in 1949, California State University, Long Beach is a comprehensive public university in the tree-filled Los Altos neighborhood. Long Beach State is three miles away from the Pacific Ocean and is known for their resources of the arts, such as the Carpenter Performing Arts Center.WEB, Profile of California State University, Long Beach,weblink California State University, 6 August 2017, Long Beach City College is a community college established in 1927. LBCC is composed of two separate campuses; the Liberal Arts Campus is on the residential area of Lakewood Village, while the Pacific Coast Campus is adjacent to the Eastside neighborhood.WEB, Facts at Long Beach City College,weblink Long Beach City College, 6 August 2017,weblink" title="">weblink August 7, 2017, dead, mdy-all, {{clear}}


Ports and freight

(File:POLB.jpg|thumb|North-west facing view of the harbor and port at dusk)(File:Queen Mary Dome (3298007004).jpg|thumb|Long Beach Cruise Terminal)As of 2005, the Port of Long Beach was the second busiestWEB,weblink 2005 North American Contain Traffic, AAPA website, dead,weblink" title="">weblink September 20, 2009, seaport in the United States and the tenth busiest in the world,{{Citation needed|date=May 2007}} shipping some 66 million metric tons of cargo worth $95 billion in 2001. The port serves shipping between the United States and the Pacific Rim. The combined operations of the Port of Long Beach and the Port of Los Angeles are the busiest in the USA.Rail shipping is provided by Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway, which carry about half of the trans-shipments from the port. Long Beach has contributed to the Alameda Corridor project to increase the capacity of the rail lines, roads, and highways connecting the port to the Los Angeles rail hub. The project, completed in 2002, created a trench {{Convert|20|mi|km|0}} long and {{Convert|33|ft|m|0}} deep in order to eliminate 200 grade crossings and cost about US$2.4 billion.
Long Beach Cruise Terminal
Operated by Carnival Corporation, the Long Beach Cruise Terminal is the year-round home of three cruise ships carrying over 600,000 passengers annually. Passengers are processed in the domed structure that housed the Spruce Goose.Meeks, Karen Robes (June 13, 2014). Carnival Cruise Lines expands services in Long Beach. Long Beach Press-Telegram. Retrieved January 5, Cruise Ships--Long Beach, CA. Retrieved January 5, 2016.

Public transportation

Bus and coach services
(File:The Passport (Free Bus).JPG|left|thumb|The "Passport" shuttle)Long Beach Transit provides local public transportation services within Long Beach, Lakewood, and Signal Hill.WEB,weblink Long Beach Transit System Map, Long Beach Transit website, December 16, 2018,weblink" title="">weblink April 4, 2018, dead, mdy-all, Long Beach Transit regularly operates 38 bus routes.WEB,weblink Long Beach Transit Services, Long Beach Transit website, December 16, 2018,weblink" title="">weblink May 21, 2018, dead, mdy-all, Most regular service bus routes begin or end at the Long Beach Transit Mall in downtown Long Beach.Long Beach Transit also operates the Passport shuttle within downtown Long Beach. The free shuttle carries passengers to the Aquarium of the Pacific, Pine Avenue, Shoreline Village, the Long Beach Convention Center, the Queen Mary, Catalina Landing, various hotels, and other points of interest.WEB,weblink Long Beach Transit Passport, Long Beach Transit website, December 16, 2018,weblink" title="">weblink July 29, 2018, dead, mdy-all, During the summer, Long Beach Transit operates the AquaLink, a {{convert|68|ft|m|adj=on}} catamaran that carries passengers between the downtown Long Beach waterfront and the Alamitos Bay Landing.WEB,weblink Long Beach Transit AquaLink, Long Beach Transit website, February 15, 2011,weblink" title="">weblink December 16, 2010, dead, mdy-all, In addition, during the summer, a 49-passenger water taxis called the AquaBus is provided. With $1 fares, the AquaBus serves six different locations within the downtown Long Beach waterfront.WEB,weblink Long Beach Transit AquaBus, Long Beach Transit website, February 15, 2011,weblink" title="">weblink December 16, 2010, dead, mdy-all, Several transit operators offer services from the Long Beach Transit Mall. Torrance Transit offers bus service to the South Bay. The Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT) offers bus service to San Pedro. LA Metro operates other regional bus lines. Orange County Transportation Authority offers limited bus service to Orange County. Route 1, from Long Beach to San Clemente is the longest bus route in the OCTA system. Traveling along Pacific Coast Highway for most of the route, it takes 2–2.5 hrs to complete.WEB,weblink Orange County Transportation Authority, Orange County Transportation Authority website, Amtrak Thruway offers bus shuttles starting in San Pedro, with stops at the Queen Mary and downtown Long Beach, that then goes to Union Station in downtown Los Angeles, and ends in Bakersfield. Greyhound Lines operates the Long Beach Station in Long Beach.WEB,weblink Long Beach Greyhound Station, Greyhound Lines website, A FlyAway bus route to Los Angeles International Airport began service on December 30, 2015.NEWS, FlyAway bus service to LAX expands to Long Beach,weblink 5 January 2016, Press-Telegram, City News Service, 30 December 2015, Buses to LAX leave 30 minutes past the hour every hour from 5:30 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.
Light rail
File:Long Beach Transit Gallery (formerly the Long Beach Transit Mall).jpg|thumb|The Metro Blue Line arrives at the Downtown Long Beach Station (known as the Transit Mall Station until July 2013).]]The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LA Metro) operates the Blue Line, a light rail service that runs between the Downtown Long Beach Station (known as the Transit Mall Station until July 2013) and the 7th Street/Metro Center station in downtown Los Angeles. From the 7th Street/Metro Center Station, passengers can make connections to Hollywood, Union Station, Pasadena, East LA, Universal Studios, Chinatown, and other points of interest along the Los Angeles Metro Rail network. From Union Station in downtown L.A., transit users can access the regional Metrolink (Southern California) rail system to access a vast area of urban Southern California, and connect to nationwide Amtrak trains as well. The Metro Blue Line also offers connections to the Metro Expo Line at both the 7th Street/Metro Center Station and Pico Station with service to Santa Monica. In addition, at Willowbrook Station, passengers can transfer to the Metro Green Line with service to Redondo Beach, Norwalk, and Los Angeles International Airport via an additional shuttle connection. The Metro Blue Line Maintenance Shops are also in Long Beach just south of the Del Amo Blue Line station.WEB,weblink LA Metro Home, Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority website,
Taxicabs in Long Beach serve the tourism and convention industry and local services such as for elderly and disabled residents. Yellow Long Beach is the city's only licensed taxi franchise, with 199 taxicabs in service.NEWS, Bradley, Eric, Long Beach relaxes restrictions on taxi company, allowing it to compete with ride-sharing rivals,weblink 5 January 2016, Press-Telegram, 12 May 2015, Long Beach was the nation's first large city to relax restrictions on cabs by allowing them to offer variable, discounted fares, free rides and other price promotions to lure customers while keeping maximum fares in place. Many other cities have responded to Uber and Lyft by increasing regulation of these new competitors.NEWS,weblink Long Beach allows taxis to lower fares as they compete with Uber, Lyft, Los Angeles Times, May 14, 2015, Laura J., Nelson,


Long Beach Airport serves the Long Beach, South Bay and northern Orange County areas. It is the West Coast hub for JetBlue Airways. It is also the site of a major Boeing (formerly Douglas, then McDonnell Douglas) aircraft production facility, which is the city's largest non-government employer. Los Angeles International Airport is the nearest airport with international service. John Wayne Airport in Santa Ana, California is another alternative to the airport. However, its only international services are to Canada and Mexico. Other airports with scheduled service are Bob Hope Airport in Burbank and Ontario International Airport in Ontario.

Freeways and highways

Several freeways run through Long Beach, connecting it with the greater Los Angeles and Orange County areas. The San Diego Freeway (I-405) bisects the northern and southern portions of the city and takes commuters northwest or southeast to the Golden State/Santa Ana Freeways (I-5). The San Diego Freeway also provides regional access to Long Beach Airport, which is on the north side of the freeway near Signal Hill. The Long Beach Freeway (I-710) runs north-south on the city's western border, with its southern terminus adjacent to the Port of Long Beach on Terminal Island at the intersection of the Terminal Island Freeway (SR 103) and State Route 47. The Long Beach Freeway is the major spur route serving Long Beach from downtown Los Angeles, with its northern terminus near downtown Los Angeles in Alhambra. Along with the Harbor Freeway (I-110) to the west, the Long Beach Freeway is one of the major routes for trucks transporting goods from the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles to railyards and distribution centers in downtown Los Angeles and the Inland Empire. The southern end of the Long Beach Freeway joins Long Beach with Terminal Island via the Gerald Desmond Bridge.Southeast Long Beach is served by the San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605), which joins the San Diego Freeway at the Long Beach/Los Alamitos border. The Artesia Freeway (SR 91) runs east-west near the northern border of Long Beach. The western portion of the Garden Grove Freeway (SR 22) provides a spur off of the San Diego and 605 Freeways to 7th Street in southeast Long Beach for access to the VA Hospital, California State University, Long Beach, and Alamitos Bay.Pacific Coast Highway (SR 1) takes an east to southwest route through the southern portion of Long Beach. Its intersection with Lakewood Boulevard (SR 19) and Los Coyotes Diagonal is the Los Alamitos Traffic Circle.

Bicycles and pedestrians

The city of Long Beach has five major Class 1 bike paths (separate off-road bike paths) within its boundaries, encompassing over {{convert|60|mi|km}}. The city also has many Class 2 (painted lanes on roadway) and Class 3 paths (connecting bike routes with shared use of road with cars).NEWS, Here's How Long Beach Is Becoming a Top Open-Water Swimming Destination, Route Fifty, Atlantic Media, Dave, Nyczepir, July 13, 2016, 14 July 2016,weblink A 2019 study by Walk Score ranked Long Beach the tenth most walkable of over 100 cities around the world.WEB,weblink 2011 City and Neighborhood Rankings, Walk Score, 2011, 28 August 2011, The {{convert|3.1|mi|km|adj=on}} Shoreline Pedestrian Bikepath runs along the ocean from Shoreline Village to Belmont Shore. The southern terminus of the L.A. River bicycle path is in southwest Long Beach between downtown and the port. The southern terminus of the San Gabriel River bicycle path is just east of Long Beach in Seal Beach, and the trail runs north through the El Dorado Park neighborhood in east Long Beach and adjacent to El Dorado Regional Park.The city's green lane project in Belmont Shore (sharrows, bike boxes) earned an award from the Institute of Transportation Engineers for best innovative project of the year (2010). In an effort to provide sustainable transportation alternatives to the community, as well as a safe route to several neighborhood schools, the city of Long Beach is also installing a "bike boulevard" on Vista Street, extending from Temple Avenue to Nieto Avenue.

Modal characteristics

According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 73.6 percent of working residents of Long Beach commuted by driving alone, 10.2 percent carpooled, 6.2 percent used public transportation, and 3.4 percent walked. About 2 percent commuted by all other means of transportation, including taxi, bicycle, and motorcycle. About 4.6 worked at home.WEB, Census Reporter, Means of Transportation to Work by Age, May 6, 2018,weblink In 2015, 10.4 percent of city of Long Beach households were without a car, which decreased slightly to 10.0 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Long Beach averaged 1.69 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household.JOURNAL, Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map, Governing,weblink May 6, 2018,


Movies and television

Balboa Amusement Producing Company, also known as Balboa Studios, was at Sixth Street and Alamitos Avenue; they used {{convert|11|acre|m2|-3}} on Signal Hill for outdoor locations. Silent film stars who lived in Long Beach included Fatty Arbuckle and Theda Bara. The 1917 film Cleopatra, starring Theda Bara, was shot at the Dominguez Slough just west of Long Beach, and Moses parted the Red Sea for Cecil B. DeMille's 1923 version of The Ten Commandments on the flat seashore of Seal Beach, southeast of Long Beach. Long Beach was the famous location of Paramount newsreel footage of the 1933 Long Beach earthquake, out-takes from the W.C. Fields 1933 featurette International House was possibly the first earthquake to be captured in action on film.Because of its proximity to LA-area studios and its variety of locations, today Long Beach is regularly used for movies, television shows, and advertisements. The city has filled in for locations across the nation and around the globe.WEB,weblink City of Long Beach Special Events, One advantage for Long Beach is that the video and film industry uses a zone that extends {{convert|30|mi|km|0}} from Beverly Blvd. and La Cienega Blvd. in the West Hollywood area. It is cheaper to shoot within that zone, so Long Beach and other South Bay cities often stand in for areas of Orange County (such as for The O.C. TV showWEB,weblink The O.C. Filming Locations, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 30, 2012, ) because almost all of Orange County is outside of the zone.One of the most famous Long Beach film locations is the home of Ferris Bueller in Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Though the film was set in the North Shore suburbs of Chicago the actual house is at 4160 Country Club Dr.weblink Beach Polytechnic High School has played host to numerous films, featuring its outdoor grounds in movies such as Coach Carter, among others. Robert A. Millikan High School has also lent its classrooms and hallways to films such as American Pie, among others. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo High School has been a very popular place to shoot movies as well, with 2-4 films shot per year, and is being used to shoot 20th Century Fox's musical comedy-drama, Glee. St. Anthony High School's gymnasium has also been featured in a few movies and television shows, including Coach Carter and Joan of Arcadia. Long Beach Woodrow Wilson High School was used to shoot (Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel) and has been used for commercials for Nike and Adidas, particularly one with Los Angeles Sparks basketball star Candace Parker. The film Freedom Writers, although not shot there, was based on Long Beach Woodrow Wilson High School.Other locations in Long Beach have been used frequently as well. Shoreline Drive visually approximates a freeway but is a municipal roadway and permits are accepted for its closure for shooting video and film – it has become a frequent movie and television freeway stand-in. Many car chase and crash scenes have been shot on stretches of road near the Long Beach harbor and along the city's Shoreline Drive. Among these are the 1963 movie It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World and numerous episodes of the 1970s TV drama CHiPs (as well as the 2017 film CHiPs). Long Beach's downtown neighborhood has stood in for various urban areas in a variety of movies. Multiple scenes from the movie Gone in 60 Seconds and SpeedWEB,weblink Speed Filming Locations, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 12, 2008, mdy-all, were shot in Long Beach. (Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen) was also shot in Long Beach as was Big Momma's House 2. , Dexter, and Jane the Virgin, although set in Miami, Florida, regularly get shot in Long Beach. Much of (Tenacious D: The Pick of Destiny) was shot in Long Beach. Although there was a chase scene downtown, most of Tenacious D was shot at Alex's Bar at 2913 E. Anaheim St., a punk rock/alternative rock vvenue. Most of the viral hit Mega Shark Versus Giant Octopus was also shot by the Belmont Veterans Memorial Pier and Alamitos power station in Long Beach.The Long Beach Terrace Theatre has also been used for various commercials, an episode of Glee, as well as the film Last Action Hero.

Online News

Long Beach's online news source is the Long Beach Post, the city's most read daily, digital publication covering news, life, business, placemaking, food, sports, LGBT issues and more in the city of Long Beach, California. The Post has made an investment in expanded coverage of its city and its people, created new technologies to increase its reach and accessibility, and remains nimble so changing reader demands are opportunities, not threats.The Long Beach Post was founded February 13, 2007.


Long Beach's daily newspaper is the Long Beach Press-Telegram, which is distributed throughout most of the Gateway Cities and South Bay areas of southwest Los Angeles County. The Press-Telegram is owned by Digital First Media and is part of the Los Angeles Newspaper Group, which has several newspapers in the Southern California area which share resources and reporters.On September 30, 1933, the Press-Telegram published what David Dayen called "One of the more influential letters to the editor in American history": Francis Townsend's letter outlining the Townsend Plan, a proposal that sparked a national campaign which influenced the establishment of the Roosevelt administration's Social Security system.WEB,weblink How a Frustrated Blogger Made Expanding Social Security a Respectable Idea, David Dayen, October 29, 2013, Pacific Standard, January 13, 2014, California State University, Long Beach also has a student newspaper published four times a week during the fall and spring semesters, the Daily Forty-Niner.Long Beach also gets distribution of the daily Los Angeles Times and La Opinión newspapers, plus the weekly Los Angeles Sentinel.The Gazette newspapers called The Grunion Gazette, The Downtown Gazette, and The Uptown Gazette are free, weekly newspapers that focus on various parts of the city. The Gazettes were sold to MediaNews (now Digital First Media), owner of the Press-Telegram, in 2004.WEB,weblink About Us, Gazettes, Palacio Magazine (formerly Palacio de Long Beach) is a free quarterly,WEB,weblink About Us - Palacio Magazine, bilingual magazine which runs stories focusing on community, education, art, health and wellness side-by-side in English and Spanish.NEWS,weblink Bi-Lingual Publication Palacio de Long Beach Relaunches as Digital-Focused Palacio Magazine, Asia, Morris, May 26, 2015, Long Beach Post, 5 January 2016,weblink" title="">weblink January 1, 2016, dead, Although not based in Long Beach, the alternative weeklies OC Weekly and LA Weekly are distributed widely in Long Beach. Starting in 2007, Long Beach was served by its own The District Weekly, an alternative weekly that covered news, the arts, restaurants, and the local music scene. The District Weekly ceased publication in March 2010, citing lack of advertiser support.In 2013 Freedom Communications, owner of the Orange County Register, launched a five-day daily newspaper, the Long Beach Register, aimed at competing with the Press-Telegram.WEB,weblink Despite Odds, Calif. City Becomes Two-Newspaper Town, NBC Southern California, Justin, Pritchard, August 18, 2013, 5 January 2016, In September 2014, the Long Beach Register was reduced to Sundays only, and was distributed as an insert in the Orange County Register. In August of the same year, just sixteen months after its much-publicized launch, Freedom Communications announced it would cease publication of the Long Beach Register completely,NEWS,weblink Stuart, Pfeifer, Andrew, Khouri, Los Angeles Times, Long Beach Register stops publishing, December 28, 2014, 5 January 2016, citing lack of reader and advertiser interest.WEB,weblink Long Beach Register, Like Los Angeles Register, is Now a Collector's Item, Matt Coker, December 29, 2014, Navel Gazing, November 26, 2018,weblink" title="">weblink October 16, 2015, dead, mdy-all,


Long Beach is part of the Los Angeles DMA radio and television markets. Although a few radio stations have had studios in Long Beach over the years, including the 1980s alternative music and later hard rock station KNAC, the only remaining radio stations in Long Beach are the jazz and blues station KKJZ on the Cal State Long Beach campus, and the Christian radio broadcaster KFRN. The most recent radio station to grace the Long Beach airways is public radio station KLBP, 99.1, a low-power station, which started broadcasting in December of 2018.

Notable people

Sister cities

Long Beach's sister cities are, {{asof|June 2016|lc=y}}:WEB, Sister Cities of Long Beach,weblink Sister Cities of Long Beach, Inc., {{Col-begin}}{{Col-break}} {{Col-break}} {{Col-break}} {{Col-break}}
  • {{flagdeco|TUR}} Izmir, Turkey

See also




{{See also|Timeline of Long Beach, California#Bibliography|l1=Bibliography of the history of Long Beach, California}}

External links

{{commons category}}{{wikivoyage|Long Beach}}{{wiktionary}}
  • {{Official website}}
{hide}Geographic location
| Centre = Long Beach
| North = Lakewood & Paramount
| Northeast = Bellflower & Cerritos
| East = Hawaiian Gardens & Los Alamitos
| Southeast = Seal Beach
| Northwest = Compton
| South = Pacific Ocean
| Southwest = San Pedro & Port of Los Angeles
| West = Carson & Wilmington
| image =
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Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott