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List of socialist states

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List of socialist states
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{{Merge from|List of former communist states and socialist states|discuss=Talk:List of socialist states#Merge_to_List_of_former_communist_states_and_socialist_states_to_List_of_socialist_states|date=August 2019}}{{short description|Wikimedia list article}}(File:Socialist states by duration.png|thumb|360px|This is a combined map of all countries that declared themselves Socialist states under any definition at some point in their history, color-coded for the number of years they said they were Socialist:{{legend|#FF0000|Over 70 years}}{{legend|#FF6600|60–70 years}}{{legend|#B0B000|50–60 years}}{{legend|#00CC00|40–50 years}}{{legend|#0000FF|30–40 years}}{{legend|#000033|20–30 years}}{{legend|#9966FF|Under 20 years}}Click on image to magnify){{expand list|date=April 2018}}The following is a list of self-declared Socialist states — that is to say, past and present states that have declared themselves Socialist or in the process of building Socialism. Self-identification is the only criterion used by the list, therefore the list includes all countries that have claimed to be Socialist, even if their claims are disputed. All countries that have not claimed to be Socialist are excluded, even in cases where certain outside observers regarded those countries as Socialist. This list includes countries that assert in their constitutions that they are based on Socialism, regardless of their economic or political system. As a result, this list is best understood as a list of countries that explicitly claim to be Socialist and it does not reflect the actual economic systems themselves.The majority of self-declared Socialist countries have been Marxist–Leninist states, following the model of the Soviet Union or a variant of People's Democracy. They share a common definition of "Socialism" and they refer to themselves as Socialist states on the road to Communism with a leading vanguard party structure. For this reason, they are generally, called "Communist states". Meanwhile, the countries in the non-Marxist–Leninist category represent a wide variety of different interpretations of the word "Socialism"; in many cases the countries do not define what they mean by it. Modern uses of the term "Socialism" are wide in meaning and interpretation.A sovereign state is a different entity from the political party that rules that state at any given time, thus a country may be ruled by a Socialist party, but without the country itself claiming to be Socialist. This has occurred in both one-party and multi-party political systems. In particular, there are numerous cases of Social Democratic and Democratic Socialist political parties winning elections in liberal democratic states and ruling for a number of terms until a different party wins the elections. For example, the Swedish Social Democratic Party has won most elections in Sweden since 1932, but the country never adopted Socialism or Social Democracy as its official ideology. This article does not list countries that do not have constitutional references to Socialism as Socialist states, except in cases where the government is currently run by a Socialist party or parties.On the other hand, countries that do maintain constitutional references to Socialism are always listed, even when those countries are ruled by non-Socialist parties. For example, India is a liberal democracy that has been ruled by non-Socialist parties on many occasions, but it is listed here because the Indian Constitution makes references to Socialism. Certain other countries, such as Hungary,WEB,weblink ICL – Hungary Index, Prof. Dr. Axel Tschentscher,, LL.M., www.servat.unibe.ch, Myanmar,WEB,weblink Constitution of Myanmar (2008), Constitute Project, PolandWEB,weblink ICL – Poland Index, Prof. Dr. Axel Tschentscher,, LL.M., www.servat.unibe.ch, and Croatia,WEB,weblink ICL – Croatia Index, Prof. Dr. Axel Tschentscher,, LL.M., servat.unibe.ch, have constitutions that make references to their Communist and Socialist past by recognizing or condemning it, but without claiming to be Socialist in the present.

Current Socialist states

Marxist–Leninist states {|class"wikitable sortable" width100%

!width=150px|Country!width=85px|Since!width=85px|Duration!width=100px|Party!width=95px|Head of party!width=95px|Head of state!width=95px|Head of government
China|name=People's Republic of China}}Not including Hong Kong and Macau, under official policy. See "One Country, Two Systems".|1 October 194919491}}|Communist Party of ChinaXi Jinping(since 2012)Li Keqiang(since 2012)
Cuba|name=Republic of Cuba}}|1 January 195919591}}|Communist Party of CubaRaúl Castro(since 2011)Miguel Díaz-Canel(since 2018)
Laos|name=Lao People's Democratic Republic}}|2 December 197519752}}|Lao People's Revolutionary PartyBounnhang Vorachith(since 2016)Thongloun Sisoulith(since 2016)
Vietnam|name=Socialist Republic of Vietnam}}|2 September 194519452}}|Communist Party of VietnamNguyễn Phú Trọng(since 2011)Nguyễn Phú Trọng(since 2018)Nguyễn Xuân Phúc(since 2016)

Non-Marxist–Leninist states

Current countries with constitutional references to Socialism {|class"wikitable sortable"

!scope="col"|Country!scope="col"|Since!scope="col"|Duration!scope="col"|Form of government!scope="col" width=340|Constitutional statement / Reference
Algeria|name=People's Democratic Republic of Algeria}}|28 November 1996199628}}|Multi-party systemPUBLISHER=EMBASSY OF ALGERIA LONDONACCESSDATE=AUGUST 16, 2018, The National Front of Liberation, itself, is a political party based on Arab Socialism.Evans, M. (2007). Algeria : Anger of the Dispossessed. London: Yale University Press. p. 34
Bangladesh|name=People's Republic of Bangladesh}}|11 April 1971197111}}|Multi-party systemPreamble: "Further pledging that it shall be a fundamental aim of the State to realise through the democratic process, a socialist society free from exploitation, a society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedoms, equality and justice, political, economic and social, will be secured for all citizens."PREAMBLE>SECTION=PREAMBLELANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW1.UMN.EDU/HUMANRTS/RESEARCH/BANGLADESH-CONSTITUTION.PDF,
Guyana|name=Co-operative Republic of Guyana}}|6 October 198019806}}|Multi-party systemCOUNTRY=THE COOPERATIVE REPUBLIC OF GUYANARATIFIED=20 FEBRUARY 1980ACCESSDATE=,
India|name=Republic of India}}WEBSITE=INDIACODE.NIC.INARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20150328040620/HTTP://INDIACODE.NIC.IN/COIWEB/AMEND/AMEND42.HTMURL-STATUS=DEAD, 197618}}|Multi-party systemCOUNTRY=THE REPUBLIC OF INDIARATIFIED=26 NOVEMBER 1949ACCESSDATE=ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20140909230437/HTTP://LAWMIN.NIC.IN/COI/COIASON29JULY08.PDFDF=,
North Korea}} Democratic People's Republic of Korea|19 February 1992 199219}}Unitary state>Unitary One-party state socialist state>socialist republicJuche, which has applied the ideas and leadership of Kim Il-sung"PREAMBLECOUNTRY=THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREARATIFIED=9 SEPTEMBER 1948ACCESSDATE=, Formerly a Marxist–Leninist state (See below).
Nepal|name=Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal}}|20 September 2015201520}}|Multi-party system|Section 1, Article 4: "Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive democratic, socialism-oriented federal democratic republican state."
Nicaragua|name=Republic of Nicaragua}}|1 January 198719871}}Multi-party system>Multi-party presidential republic|Section 1, Article 5: "Liberty, justice, respect for the dignity of the human person, political and social pluralism, the recognition of the distinct identity of the indigenous peoples and those of African descent within the framework of a unitary and indivisible state, the recognition of different forms of property, free international cooperation and respect for the free self-determination of peoples, Christian values, socialist ideals, and practices based on solidarity, and the values and ideals of the Nicaraguan culture and identity, are the principles of the Nicaraguan nation. [...] The socialist ideals promote the common good over individual egoism, seeking to create an ever more inclusive, just and fair society, promoting an economic democracy which redistributes national wealth and eliminates exploitation among human beings."
Portugal|name=Portuguese Republic}}|2 April 197619762}}|Multi-party systemCOUNTRY=THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLICRATIFIED=25 APRIL 1976ACCESSDATE=,
Sri Lanka|name=Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka}}|7 September 197819787}}|Multi-party systemCOUNTRY=THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKARATIFIED=7 SEPTEMBER 1978ACCESSDATE=,
Tanzania|name=United Republic of Tanzania}}|26 April 1964196426}}|Multi-party systemCOUNTRY=THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIARATIFIED=25 APRIL 1978ACCESSDATE=ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20150421001106/HTTP://WWW.JUDICIARY.GO.TZ/DOWNLOADS/CONSTITUTION.PDFDF=,

Current Socialist states with limited recognition

These are territories that have claimed independence or autonomy and have declared themselves "Socialist" under some interpretation of the term. While these territories have created stable institutions of governance that have existed for a considerable period of time, they are not widely recognized as states by the international community and, under international law, officially belong to other sovereign states.
  • {{flagicon image|Flag_of_Christiania.svg}} Freetown Christiania (1971–present)WEB,weblink Christiania: Copenhagen's Threatened Socialist Community, Journeyman Pictures, February 17, 2015, August 16, 2019,
  • {{flagicon image|Flag of the Wa Self-Administered Division.png}} Wa State (April 1989–present)NEWS, Wa State: Shanzhai Version Of China Discovered in Myanmar,weblink 20 January 2016, chinaSMACK, 31 January 2012, en-US,
  • {{flagicon image|Flag_of_the_EZLN.svg}} Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities (December 1994–present)WEB,weblink Two decades on: A glimpse inside the Zapatista's capital, Oventic - Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal, links.org.au,
  • {{flagicon image|Flag_of_Rojava.svg}} Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (November 2013–present)WEB,weblink Revolutionary Education in Rojava, New Compass, 2015-02-17, 2016-05-18,
">

Multi-party states with governing Socialist parties {|class"wikitable sortable"

!scope="col"|Country!scope="col"|Party!scope="col"|Electoral Coalition!scope="col"|Election!scope="col" class="unsortable"|Lower house!scope="col" class="unsortable"|Upper house!scope="col"|Official ideology
Algeria}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"|National Liberation Front2017 Algerian legislative election>2017 election {{composition bar462| Arab socialism
Angola}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"|People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola2017 Angolan legislative election>2017 election {{composition bar220| Democratic socialism, Vanguardism]weblink
Barbados}}!scope="row"|Barbados Labour Party2018 Barbadian general election>2018 election {{composition bar3011hex=#DC241f}} Democratic socialism
Bolivia}}!scope="row"|Movement for Socialism2014 Bolivian general election>2014 election {{composition bar13025hex=#DC241f}} Socialism of the 21st centuryHTTP://INTERNACIONAL.ELPAIS.COM/INTERNACIONAL/2008/04/22/ACTUALIDAD/1208815203_850215.HTML>TITLE=EVO MORALES INSTA A "ERRADICAR EL CAPITALISMO" PARA SALVAR EL PLANETAWORK=EL PAÍSWORK=CLIMATE & CAPITALISMWORK=CLIMATE & CAPITALISM, 24 February 2015,
Congo}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"|Congolese Party of Labour2017 Republic of the Congo parliamentary election>2017 election {{composition bar151| Democratic socialism
Ecuador}}!scope="row"|PAIS AllianceFrente UNIDOS) 2017 Ecuadorian general election >74hex=#DC241f}} — Socialism of the 21st century
El Salvador}}!scope="row"|Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front2018 Salvadoran legislative election>2018 election {{composition bar84| Socialism
Ethiopia}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"|Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front2015 Ethiopian general election>2015 election {{composition bar547| Socialism
Guinea-Bissau}}!scope="row"|African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde2014 Guinea-Bissau general election>2014 election {{composition bar102| Democratic socialism
{{flag|Mauritius}}!scope="row"|Militant Socialist Movement — rowspan="3"2014 Mauritian general election>2014 election rowspan="3"42hex=#DC241f}} rowspan="3"| Democratic Socialism
!scope="row"|Muvman Liberater|Democratic Socialism
!scope="row"|Rodrigues People's Organisation|Democratic Socialism
Mozambique}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"|Mozambique Liberation Front2014 Mozambican general election>2014 election {{composition bar250| Democratic Socialism
Mexico}}!scope="row"|MORENAJuntos Haremos Historia >2018 Mexican general election>2018 election {{composition bar128Lázaro Cárdenas#Legacy>CardenismDECLARACIóN DE PRINCIPIOS DE MORENA>URL=HTTP://MORENA.SI/WP-CONTENT/UPLOADS/2014/12/DECLARACION-DE-PRINCIPIOS-DE-MORENA1.PDFLANGUAGE=SPANISH,
Namibia}}!scope="row"|South West African People's Organisation2014 Namibian general election>2014 election {{composition bar96| Socialism
{{flagConstitutionally a Socialist state.|group="nb"}}!scope="row"|Nepal Communist Party rowspan="2"2017 Nepalese legislative election>2017 election rowspan="2"190hex=#DC241f}} rowspan="2"44hex=#DC241f}} People's Multiparty Democracy
!scope="row"|Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal|Democratic Socialism
Nicaragua}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"|Sandinista National Liberation Front2016 Nicaraguan general election>2016 election {{composition bar92SandinismoCENTRAL AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN: NICARAGUA – GOVERNMENTCENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY>WORK=THE WORLD FACTBOOKURL=HTTPS://WWW.CIA.GOV/LIBRARY/PUBLICATIONS/THE-WORLD-FACTBOOK/GEOS/PO.HTML,
{{flagConstitutionally a Socialist state.|group="nb"}}!scope="row"|Bangladesh Awami LeagueGrand Alliance (Bangladesh) >2014 Bangladeshi general election >{{composition bar350 Socialism
!scope="row"|Workers Party of Bangladesh|Marxism–Leninism
!scope="row"|Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal|Socialism
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines}}!scope="row"| Unity Labour Party2015 Vincentian general election>2015 election {{composition bar15| Democratic Socialism
Suriname}}!scope="row"| National Democratic Party2015 Surinamese general election>2015 election {{composition bar51| Democratic Socialism
Tanzania}}{{refngroup="nb"}}!scope="row"| Party of the Revolution2015 Tanzanian general election>2015 election {{composition bar384| Democratic Socialism
{{flag|Uruguay}}!scope="row"| Communist Party of UruguayBroad Front (Uruguay) >2014 Uruguayan general election >{{composition bar99{{composition bar30| Marxism–Leninism
!scope="row"|Movement of Popular Participation
Socialism of the 21st century
{{flag|Venezuela}}!scope="row"|United Socialist Party of VenezuelaGreat Patriotic Pole rowspan="3"2015 Venezuelan parliamentary election>2015 election rowspan="3"55hex=#DC241f}} rowspan="3"545hex=#DC241f}}(2017 Constituent National Assembly) >Socialism of the 21st centuryPCV – PARTIDO COMUNISTA DE VENEZUELAPUBLISHER=COMMUNIST PARTY OF VENEZUELAURL=HTTP://WWW.PCV-VENEZUELA.ORG/L,
!scope="row"|Communist Party of Venezuela|Marxism–Leninism
!scope="row"|Republican Bicentennial Vanguard
Chavismo>Chavism
Zambia}}!scope="row"| Patriotic Front2016 Zambian general election>2016 election {{composition bar156| Democratic Socialism

Former Socialist states

Marxist–Leninist states{|class"wikitable sortable"

!scope="col"|Country!scope="col"|Full name!scope="col"|From!scope="col"|Until!scope="col"|Duration!scope="col"|Ruling Party!scope="col" width=350|Constitutional statement / Reference
{{flagicon imageAfghanistan|1987}}|Democratic Republic of Afghanistan|27 April 1978|30 November 198719782711|30}}People's Democratic Party of AfghanistanPreamble: "In the present stage, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, as the initiator and coordinator of the policy of National Reconciliation, actively carries forward together with other political, national and democratic forces"PREAMBLE>SECTION=PREAMBLELANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW.AFGHAN-WEB.COM/HISTORY/CONST/CONST1987.HTML, The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan was a Marxist–Leninist party.BOOK, Amstutz, J. Bruce, Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation,weblink 15 March 2014, 1 July 1994, DIANE Publishing, 9780788111112, 65,
Republic of Afghanistan (1987-1992)>Republic of Afghanistan|30 November 1987|28 April 19921987304|28}}
|Total|27 April 1978|28 April 1992
1978274|28}}
{{flagicon imageAlbania|1946}}|Democratic Government of Albania|29 November 1944|11 January 19461944291|11}}Party of Labour of Albania{{refngroup="nb"}}Section 1, Article 1: "The People's Socialist Republic of Albania is a state of the dictatorship of the proletariat, which expresses and defends the interests of all the working people"1>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://BJOERNA.DK/DOKUMENTATION/ALBANIAN-CONSTITUTION-1976.HTM,
|People's Republic of Albania|11 January 1946|28 December 1976
19461112|28}}
|People's Socialist Republic of Albania|28 December 1976|22 March 1992
1976283|22}}
|Total|29 November 1944|22 March 1992
1944293|22}}
Angola}}|People's Republic of Angola|11 November 1975|27 August 19921975118|27}}|Popular Movement for the Liberation of AngolaPopular Movement for the Liberation of Angola>MPLA, their legitimate representative constituted from a broad front including all patriotic forces engaged in the Anti-imperialism struggle, is responsible for the political, economic, and social leadership of the nation"1COUNTRY=THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF ANGOLARATIFIED=1976ACCESSDATE=,
Flag_of_the_Byelorussian_Soviet_Socialist_Republic_(1951–1991).svg}}/{{flagicon image|Flag_of_Belarus_(1918,_1991–1995).svg}} Belarus|Byelorussian Soviet Socialist RepublicPart of the Soviet Union but admitted into the United Nations as a separate entity.|31 July 1920|25 August 19911920158|25}}|Communist Party of Byelorussia (part of the CPSU)COUNTRY=THE BYELORUSSIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICRATIFIED=14 APRIL 1978ACCESSDATE=,
Benin|1975}}|People's Republic of Benin|30 November 1975|1 March 19901975303|1}}|People's Revolutionary Party of BeninPeople's Revolutionary Party of Benin became the sole legal political party on 30 November 1975.Chronologie BENIN {{webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070109230740weblink |date=2007-01-09 }}
Bulgaria|1971}}|People's Republic of Bulgaria|15 September 1946|7 December 199019461512|7}}|Bulgarian Communist PartyCOUNTRY=THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BULGARIARATIFIED=18 MAY 1976ACCESSDATE=,
{{flagicon imageFlag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_Kampuchea.svg}}/{{flagicon image|Flag_of_the_State_of_Cambodia.svg}} Cambodia|Democratic Kampuchea|17 April 1975|22 June 19821975176|22}}|Khmer RougeLegally a Marxist–Leninist state from 1975 to 1991 but not internationally recognized by some countries following 1979.Kiernan, B. (2004) How Pol Pot came to Power. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. xixMargaret Slocomb, The People's Republic of Kampuchea, 1979-1989: The revolution after Pol Pot {{ISBN|978-974-9575-34-5}}
|People's Republic of Kampuchea|10 January 1979|1 May 1989
1979105|1}}People's Revolutionary Party of Kampuchea
People's Republic of Kampuchea#Transition and State of Cambodia (1989–1992)>State of Cambodia|1 May 1989|23 October 19911989110|23}}
|Total|17 April 1975|23 October 1991
19751710|23}}
Flag of the People's Republic of Congo.svg}} Congo|People's Republic of the Congo|3 January 1970|15 March 1992197033|15}}|Congolese Labor PartyCongolese Labor Party. I shall [...] while guided by Marxism–Leninism>Marxist–Leninist principles [...] devote all my strength to the triumph of the proletarian ideals"Presidential Oath Maarseveen written constitutions by H.Van Maarseveen and G.Van Der Tanq (Nov 21, 1978)
{{flag|Czechoslovakia}}Czechoslovak Republic (1948-1960)>Czechoslovak Republic|9 June 1948|11 July 1960194897|11}}Communist Party of CzechoslovakiaSection 1, Article 1: "The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic is a socialist state founded on the firm alliance of the workers, farmers and intelligentsia, with the working class as its head"1>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=,
|Czechoslovak Socialist Republic|11 July 1960|29 March 1990
1960113|29}}
|Total|9 June 1948|29 March 1990
194893|29}}
{{flagicon imageFlag_of_Ethiopia_(1987-1991).svg}} EthiopiaProvisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia28 June 197422 February 1987{{ayd6198722}}Commission for Organizing the Party of the Working People of Ethiopia{{refn>Until September 12, 1984.|group="nb"}}Country declared Marxist–Leninist in 1974, the Workers' Party of Ethiopia becoming "the formulator of the country's development process and the leading force of the state and in society" in 1987HTTP://LCWEB2.LOC.GOV/CGI-BIN/QUERY/R?FRD%2FCSTDY%3A%40FIELD%28DOCID+ET0127%29 >TITLE=ARCHIVED COPY ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20041029172640/HTTP://LCWEB2.LOC.GOV/CGI-BIN/QUERY/R?FRD%2FCSTDY%3A%40FIELD%28DOCID+ET0127%29 URL-STATUS=LIVE,
Workers' Party of Ethiopia{{refngroup="nb"}}
|People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia|22 February 1987|27 May 1991
1987225|27}}
|Total|28 June 1974|27 May 1991
1974285|27}}|
East Germany}}|German Democratic Republic|7 October 1949|3 October 19901949710|3}}|Socialist Unity Party of GermanySocialist Unity Party of Germany>Marxist–Leninist party"1>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=,
Grenada}}People's Revolutionary Government (Grenada)>People's Revolutionary Government|13 March 1979|25 October 198319791310|25}}|New Jewel MovementWORK=THE GRENADA REVOLUTION ONLINEACCESSDATE=AUGUST 16, 2019, The New Jewel Movement, leaders of the PRG, considered themselves a Marxist-Leninist vanguard party."The Manifesto of the New Jewel Movement", The Grenada Revolution Online.
{{flag|Hungary}}Hungarian People's Republic20 August 194923 October 1989{{ayd8198923}}Hungarian Working People's Party{{refn>Until October 31, 1956.|group="nb"}}Section 1, Article 2: "The Hungarian People's Republic is a socialist state"2>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=SVL4SNPZWLWC&PG=PA197,
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party{{refn>From November 1, 1956.|group="nb"}}
North Korea}}|Democratic People's Republic of Korea|9 September 1948|19 February 1992In 1992, all references to Marxism–Leninism in the DPRK constitution were dropped and replaced with Juche. weblink194892|19}}|Workers' Party of KoreaCOUNTRY=THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREARATIFIED=27 DECEMBER 1974ACCESSDATE=, Currently a non-Marxist–Leninist Socialist state(See above).
Flag_of_the_Mongolian_People's_Republic_(1924–1930).svg}}/{{flag1945}}|Mongolian People's Republic|24 November 1924|12 February 19921924242|12}}Mongolian People's Party>Mongolian People's Revolutionary PartyPeople's Democracy (Marxism–Leninism)>people's democracy"2>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=SVL4SNPZWLWC&PG=PA263,
Flag_of_Mozambique_(1975–1983).svg}}/{{flag|Mozambique}}|People's Republic of Mozambique|25 June 1975|1 December 199019752512|1}}|FRELIMOFRELIMO and organs of people's power"HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?EI=AOIGUTB9FQB_4QT3_AE&ID=HSLIAAAAYAAJ&DQ=%22MOZAMBIQUE%22+CONSTITUTION+%22BELONGS+TO+THE+WORKERS+AND+PEASANTS+UNITED+AND+LED+BY+FRELIMO%22&Q=%22POWER+BELONGS+TO+THE+WORKERS+AND+PEASANTS+UNITED+AND+LED+BY+FRELIMO%22#SEARCH_ANCHORDATE=16 FEBRUARY 1974VIA=GOOGLE BOOKS,
{{flag|Poland}}Republic of Poland28 June 194522 July 1952{{ayd6195222}}Polish Workers' Party{{refn>Until December 21, 1948.|group="nb"}} Section 1, Article 1: "The Polish People's Republic is a socialist state"3>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=SVL4SNPZWLWC&PG=PA289,
Polish United Worker's Party{{refngroup="nb"}}
|Polish People's Republic|22 July 1952|30 December 1989
19522212|30}}
|Total|28 June 1945|30 December 1989
19452812|30}}|
{{flag1965}}|Romanian People's Republic|30 December 1947|21 August 19651947308|21}}|Romanian Workers' PartySection 1, Article 3: "The leading force of society in the Socialist Republic of Romania is the Romanian Communist Party"3>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW.CONSTITUTIA.RO/CONST1965.HTM,
|Socialist Republic of Romania|21 August 1965|30 December 1989
19652112|30}}|Romanian Communist Party
|Total|30 December 1947|30 December 1989
19473012|30}}|
Somalia}}|Somali Democratic Republic|21 October 1969|26 January 19911969211|26}}|Somali Revolutionary Socialist PartyCOUNTRY=THE SOMALI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICRATIFIED=25 AUGUST 1979ACCESSDATE=ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20111202002806/HTTP://WWW.SO.UNDP.ORG/DOCS/CONSTITUTION%201979%20-%20IN%20SOMALI.PDFDF=,
{{flagicon imageFlag_of_the_Tuvan_People's_Republic_(1935-1939).svg}} TuvaTuvan People's Republic#Establishment>Tannu Tuvan People's Republic|14 August 1921|24 November 192619211411|24}}Tuvan People's Revolutionary PartyAUTHOR=RUSSIAN CENTRE OF VEXILLOLOGY AND HERALDRYACCESSDATE=8 AUGUST 2019, The country was annexed by the Soviet Union in October 1944, at the request of Tuva's parliament.
|Tuvan People's Republic|24 November 1926|11 October 1944
19262410|11}}
|Total|14 August 1921|11 October 1944
19211410|11}}
{{flagicon imageRussia/{{flag>Soviet Union}}|Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|9 November 1917|30 December 19221917912|30}}Communist Party of the Soviet Union{{refngroup="nb"}} Section 1, Article 1, Chapter 2: "Bearing in mind as its fundamental problem the abolition of the exploitation of men by men, the entire abolition of the division of the people into classes, the suppression of exploiters, the establishment of a socialist society, and the victory of socialism in all lands"Article I (R.S.F.R.S. Constitution)1936 Constitution of the USSR, Part ISection 1, Article 1: "The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is a socialist state of the whole people, expressing the will and interests of the workers, peasants and intelligentsia, the working people of all the nations and nationalities of the country"CONSTITUTION, 1, 1, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 7 October 1977,weblink The Soviet Union consisted of 15 Socialist Union Republics.WEB,weblink Walter Duranty Explains Changes In Soviet Constitution,, Miami News, News.google.com, 1944-02-06, 2014-02-18,
|Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|30 December 1922|26 December 1991
19223012|26}}
|Total|9 November 1917|26 December 1991
1917912|26}}
Flag_of_the_Ukrainian_Soviet_Socialist_Republic.svg}} Ukraine|Ukrainian Soviet Socialist RepublicPart of the Soviet Union but admitted into the United Nations as a separate entity.|10 March 1919|24 August 19911919108|24}}|Communist Party of Ukraine (part of the CPSU)COUNTRY=THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICRATIFIED=20 APRIL 1978ACCESSDATE=, {{dead linkbot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}
North Vietnam}}|Democratic Republic of Vietnam|2 September 1945|2 July 1976194527|2}}|Communist Party of VietnamCOUNTRY=THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF VIETNAMRATIFIED=9 NOVEMBER 1946ACCESSDATE=,
{{flag|South Yemen}}|People's Republic of South Yemen|30 November 1967|1 December 197019673012|1}}Yemeni Socialist PartySection 1, Article 3: "The Yemeni Socialist Party, armed with the Scientific socialism, is the leader and guide of society and state"3COUNTRY=THE PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF YEMENRATIFIED=31 OCTOBER 1978ACCESSDATE=,
|People's Democratic Republic of Yemen|1 December 1970|22 May 1990
197015|22}}
|Total|30 November 1967|22 May 1990
1967305|22}}
{{flagicon imageSocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|name=Yugoslavia}}|Democratic Federal Yugoslavia|29 November 1943|29 November 194519432911|29}}League of Communists of Yugoslavia{{refngroup="nb"}}Section 1, Article 2: "The socialist system in Yugoslavia is based on relations between people acting as free and equal producers and creators, whose work serves exclusively to satisfy their personal and common needs"1>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=, Yugoslavia consisted of six constituent Socialist republics."New Power", Time, 4 December 1944
|Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia|29 November 1945|7 April 1963
1945294|7}}
|Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|7 April 1963|27 April 1992
196374|27}}
|Total|29 November 1943|27 April 1992
1943294|27}}

Non-Marxist–Leninist states{|class"wikitable sortable"

!scope="col"|Country!scope="col"|Full name!scope="col"|From!scope="col"|Until!scope="col"|Duration!scope="col" width=350|Constitutional statement / Reference
{{flag1974}}Burmese Way to Socialism>Union of Burma|2 March 1962|3 January 1974196221|3}}Chapter XVI General Provisions: "In order to overcome this deterioration and to build Socialism, the Revolutionary Council of the Union of Burma assumed responsibility as a historical mission, adopted the Burmese Way to Socialism and also formed the Burma Socialist Programme Party"XVI>SECTION=GENERAL PROVISIONSLANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW.THAILAWFORUM.COM/DATABASE1/CONSTMYANMAR.HTML,
|Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma|3 January 1974|18 September 1988
197439|18}}
|Total|2 March 1962|18 September 1988
196229|18}}
Cape Verde|1975}}|Republic of Cape Verde|5 July 1975|22 September 1992197559|22}}SECTION=1LANGUAGE=PORTUGUESEURL=HTTP://CEDIS.FD.UNL.PT/WP-CONTENT/UPLOADS/2016/01/CONST-CV-1980.PDF, 9/11/2018,
{{flag|Egypt}}Republic of Egypt (1953–58)>Republic of Egypt|18 June 1953|22 February 19581953182|22}}Preamble: "The Arab Republic of Egypt is a democratic, socialist state based on the alliance of the working forces of the people"PREAMBLE>SECTION=PREAMBLELANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW.CONSTITUTIONNET.ORG/FILES/EGYPT%20CONSTITUTION.PDFQUOTE="THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT IS A DEMOCRATIC, SOCIALIST STATE BASED ON THE ALLIANCE OF THE WORKING FORCES OF THE PEOPLE. THE EGYPTIAN PEOPLE ARE PART OF THE ARAB NATION AND WORK FOR THE REALIZATION OF ITS COMPREHENSIVE UNITY" (REMOVED ON 26 MARCH 2007).,
|United Arab Republic|22 February 1958|28 September 1961
1958229|28}}
|Arab Republic of Egypt|28 September 1961|26 March 2007
1961283|26}}
|Total|18 June 1953|26 March 2007
1953183|26}}
Flag_of_Iraq_(1963–1991);_Flag_of_Syria_(1963–1972).svg}}/{{flagicon image|Flag_of_Iraq_(1991–2004).svg}} IraqBa'athist Iraq>Iraqi Republic|17 July 1968|7 April 20051968174|7}}COUNTRY=THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQRATIFIED=21 SEPTEMBER 1968ACCESSDATE=,
{{flagicon imageLibya|1977}}History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Libyan Arab Republic>Libyan Arab Republic|1 September 1969|2 March 1977196913|2}}Section 1, Article 6: "The aim of the state is the realization of socialism through the application of social justice which forbids any form of exploitation"5>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW.SERVAT.UNIBE.CH/ICL/LY00000_.HTML,
|Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya|2 March 1977|15 April 1986
197724|15}}
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)>Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya|15 April 1986|23 October 201119861510|23}}
|Total|1 September 1969|23 October 2011
1969110|23}}
Madagascar}}|Democratic Republic of Madagascar|30 December 1975|12 September 19921975309|12}}|See: 1975 Malagasy constitutional referendumMadagascar: 1975 Constitutional referendum EISA
Seychelles|1977}}|Republic of Seychelles|5 June 1977|27 December 199119770512|27}}TITLE=THE 1979 CONSTITUTION FOR SEYCHELLESPAGES=1329–1332,
Sudan|1970}}|Democratic Republic of the Sudan|25 May 1969|10 October 198519692510|10}}COUNTRY=THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE SUDANRATIFIED=13 MARCH 1973ACCESSDATE=,
Flag_of_Syria_(1963-1972,_1-2).svg}}/{{flag1980}}|Syrian Arab Republic|8 March 1963|27 February 2012196382|27}}Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region>Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party. It leads a patriotic and progressive front seeking to unify the resources of the people's masses and place them at the service of the Arab nation's goals"5>SECTION=1LANGUAGE=URL=HTTP://WWW.SERVAT.UNIBE.CH/ICL/SY00000_.HTML,

Ephemeral Socialist states

These are short-lived political entities that emerged during wars or revolutions and declared themselves "Socialist" under some interpretation of the term, but which did not survive long enough to create a stable government or achieve international recognition.

See also

References

{{reflist}}

Notes

{{reflist|group=nb|30em}}{{Current Communist rulers}}{{Current Socialist rulers}}

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