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List of national drinks
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(File:Classic bubble tea.jpg|thumb|Boba (aka "bubble") tea, a national drink of Taiwan|200x200px)A national drink is a distinct beverage that is strongly associated with a particular country, and can be part of their national identity and self-image. National drinks fall into two categories, alcoholic and nonalcoholic. An alcoholic national drink is sometimes a liquor drank straight/neat (as in the case of whiskey in Ireland), but is most often a mixed drink (e.g., caipirinhas in Brazil) or beer or wine. A beverage can be considered a national drink for a variety of reasons:
  • It is a common drink, made from a selection of locally available foodstuffs that can be prepared in a distinctive way, such as mango lassi that uses dahi, a traditional yogurt or fermented milk product, originating from the Indian subcontinent, usually prepared from cow's milk, and sometimes buffalo milk, or goat milk.BOOK,weblink Encyclopedia of Food and Health, Caballero, B., Finglas, P., Toldra, F., Elsevier Science, 2015, 978-0-12-384953-3, 345–351, December 6, 2017,
  • It contains a particular 'exotic' ingredient that is produced locally.
  • It is served as a festive culinary tradition that forms part of a cultural heritage—for example eggnog in the US during the holiday period.
  • It has been promoted as a national dish by the country itself.
In some cases, it may be impossible to settle on a national drink for a particular country. In the realm of food at least, Zilkia Janer, a lecturer on Latin American culture at Hofstra University, says that it is impossible to choose a single national dish, even unofficially, for countries such as Mexico, China or India because of their diverse ethnic populations and cultures. At the other end of the spectrum, sometimes different countries see the same beverage as their national drink (such as pisco sour in Peru and Chile).The national drinks are categorized within geo-political regions modified from the United Nations' five "regional groups".WEB,weblink United Nations Regional Groups of Member States, n.d., Department for General Assembly and Conference Management, United Nations, 5 March 2019,

The Americas

North America

File:Caipirinha picture.jpg|thumb|Caipirinha is the national drink of BrazilBrazilFile:This is what Artgentinians doing the most - drinking Mate - panoramio.jpg|thumb|Gourds for drinking mate, Uruguay's national drink]]
  • {{flag|Canada}}: A Caesar is cocktail that originated in Calgary, and is widely drank in all parts of Canada. Similar to a Bloody Mary it contains vodka, a blend of tomato juice, clam broth, hot sauce, and Worcestershire sauce, and is served with ice in a celery salt-rimmed glass, typically garnished with a stalk of celery and wedge of lime. What distinguishes the two is that only Caesar contains clam broth. Calgary officially celebrated an anniversary of its creation and launched a national petition to recognized as the official cocktail of Canada.NEWS,weblink We stand on guard – for our favourite cocktail, Graveland, Bill, 2009-05-14, Winnipeg Free Press, 2019-06-27,
  • {{flag|United States}}: Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink that was originally intended as a patent medicine. The drink's name refers to two of its original ingredients: coca leaves, and kola nuts (a source of caffeine).WEB,weblink World's 50 most delicious drinks, CNN, Tim Cheung, 2017-07-12, CNN Travel, en, 2019-05-17,
  • {{flag|Mexico}}: Tequila is a liquor distilled from the blue agave plant, primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila, of the central western Mexican state of Jalisco. In 2018, the Mexican government approved a proposal to celebrate every third Saturday of March as the National Tequila Day.WEB,weblink Mexico's Senate Just Declared a New National Tequila Day, Woodman, Stephen, Culture Trip, 2019-06-28, Agua frescas are also quite popular, two notable ones being jamaica and horchata.

Latin America

  • {{flag|Antigua and Barbuda}}:
  • {{flag|Argentina}}:
  • {{flag|Bahamas}}:
  • {{flag|Barbados}}:
  • {{flag|Belize}}:
  • {{flag|Bermuda}}: Rum swizzleWEB,weblink The Story Behind Bermuda’s Rum Swizzle (Recipe), Jennifer, Nalewicki, March 15, 2019, Smithsonian (magazine), Smithsonian, 11 June 2019, WEB,weblink Cheers! Here's how to swizzle the national cocktail of Bermuda, Christina, Jordan, October 25, 2017, Florida Today, 11 June 2019, The Rum Swizzle is probably the most well known swizzled cocktail. It’s the national drink of Bermuda and uses Bermuda Rum.,
  • {{flag|Bolivia |name=Bolivia (Plurinational State of)}}:
  • {{flag|Brazil}}: Caipirinha
  • {{flag|Curaçao}}: Curaçao liqueur is traditionally made with the dried peels of the Laraha, which is a bitter orange native to Curaçao.WEB,weblink Genuine Curaçao Liqueur and Premium Blue Curaçao {{!, Senior Curaçao Liqueur|website=www.curacaoliqueur.com|language=en|access-date=2019-07-01}} It is distilled along with sweet fragrant oils, derived from the dried Laraha peels. Following distillation blue or orange colors are added for an exotic appearance.WEB,weblink Webpage about Curacao Liqueur and Triple secs, 2012-01-01, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130529133844weblink">weblink May 29, 2013,
  • {{flag|Chile}}: Pisco sour's name comes from pisco, which is its base liquor, and the cocktail term sour, in reference to sour citrus juice and sweetener. components.
  • {{flag|Colombia}}: Aguardiente, coffee
  • {{flag|Costa Rica}}: Imperial
  • {{flag|Cuba}}: Cuba Libre, Mojito, Daiquiri
  • {{flag|Dominica}}:
  • {{flag|Dominican Republic}}:
  • {{flag|Ecuador}}:
  • {{flag|El Salvador}}:
  • {{flag|Grenada}}:
  • {{flag|Guatemala}}:
  • {{flag|Guyana}}:
  • {{flag|Haiti}}: Barbancourt is a rum produced and bottled in Haiti by Société du Rhum Barbancourt, one Haiti's oldest companies. It is made by distillation of sugar cane juice rather than the sugar cane by-product molasses. Fermentation of fresh sugar cane juice is considered to provide a more flavorful product.NEWS,weblink In Haiti, a rum everyone can agree on, 2010-02-09, Los Angeles Times, 2019-07-03, en-US, 0458-3035,
  • {{flag|Honduras}}:
  • {{flag|Jamaica}}:
  • {{flag|Nicaragua}}:
  • {{flag|Panama}}:
  • {{flag|Paraguay}}:
  • {{flag|Peru}}: Pisco sour's name comes from pisco, which is its base liquor, and the cocktail term sour, in reference to sour citrus juice and sweetener components.
  • {{flag|Saint Kitts and Nevis}}:
  • {{flag|Saint Lucia}}:
  • {{flag|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines}}:
  • {{flag|Suriname}}:
  • {{flag|Trinidad and Tobago}}:
  • {{flag|Uruguay}}: Mate is prepared by steeping dried leaves of yerba mate in hot water and is served with a metal straw from a shared hollow calabash gourd..
  • {{flag|Venezuela |name=Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)}}:

Europe

File:Red Wine Glass.jpg|thumb|224x224px|Red wine is popular in FranceFranceFile:FantaKlassik.JPG|thumb|right|upright|Fanta is a popular non-alcoholic soda in GermanyGermanyThe "beer belt" in Western Europe includes Germany, the UK, and Ireland, whereas the "wine belt" includes the Mediterranean countries like Spain, Italy, and Greece. Several drinks are common and particular to Slavic countries. Vodka is a clear alcoholic beverage made most often by distilling the liquid from fermented cereal grains and potatoes. Countries where vodka is identified as a national beverage have been referred to as the "vodka belt". Kvass is a traditional fermented non-alcoholic beverage commonly made from rye bread and is drank in many Slavic countries, as well as the three the Baltic countries of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Kompot is another drink that is traditionally popular throughout this region and made by boiling together different fruit including strawberries, apricots, peaches, apples, and raisins in large volume of water and served hot or cold, depending on tradition and season. Fruit brandies are popular in the Balkans, while Brännvin and Akvavit are popular in Scandinavia.File:Vodka with pickled cucumber.jpg|thumb|Clear vodka served with pickled cucumber – the usual way of consuming it in Slavic countries of the so-called "vodka beltvodka beltFile:Kvass-Jul77.png|thumb|Kvass street vendor, Rīga, Latvia, 1977. This was a popular way of selling Kvass in other USSR republics. ]]File:Glencairn Whisky Glass.jpg|thumb|alt=|213x213px|A Glencairn whisky glass. ]]
  • {{flag|Albania}}:
  • {{flag|Andorra}}:
  • {{flag|Austria}}:
  • {{flag|Belarus}}:
  • {{flag|Belgium}}: Belgium is situated in the “Beer belt” and is known for its beers and breweries. There are over 1,400 kinds of beer and this alcoholic drink is important in Belgian social life. See Belgian beer culture and Beer in Belgium
  • {{flag|Bosnia and Herzegovina}}:
  • {{flag|Bulgaria}}: Bulgaria considers Rakia to be its national beverage, as well as the place of origin of this distilled beverage that can be made from fruits like plums and apricots.WEB,weblink Bulgarian Archaeologists Discover 11th Century Rakia Distillation Vessel – Novinite.com – Sofia News Agency, www.novinite.com, 2019-06-16,
  • {{flag|Croatia}}:
  • {{flag|Czech Republic}}:
  • {{flag|Denmark}}:
  • {{flag|Estonia}}:
  • {{flag|Finland}}:
  • {{flag|France}}: Red wine is a type of wine made from dark-colored (black) grape varieties.WEB,weblink 32 Official(ish) Drinks for Every Country Playing in the World Cup, Food & Wine, en, 2019-05-19, WEB,weblink The Signature Drink of Every Country in the World Cup Gallery, Rose, Jeremy, 2018-06-14, The Daily Meal, en, 2019-05-19,
  • {{flag|Germany}}: Lager is a type of beer conditioned at low temperatures.; FantaWEB,weblink World's 50 most delicious drinks, CNN, Tim Cheung, 2017-07-12, CNN Travel, en, 2019-05-20,
  • {{flag|Greece}}: Ouzo is a dry anise-flavoured aperitif that is widely consumed in Greece and Cyprus.WEB,weblink The Most Iconic Beverage In 80 Countries Around The World, Willett, Megan, Business Insider, 2019-05-19,
  • {{flag|Hungary}}: pálinka
  • {{flag|Iceland}}:
  • {{flag|Ireland}}: Guinness is a dark Irish dry stout.WEB,weblink Famous Brewer Expands with National Launch of GUINNESS® Black Lager, GUINNESS®, www.prnewswire.com, en, 2019-05-19, NEWS,weblink Why Guinness is less Irish than you think, 2014-03-16, The Economist, 2019-05-19, 0013-0613,
  • {{flag|Italy}}:
  • {{flag|Latvia}}:
  • {{flag|Liechtenstein}}:
  • {{flag|Lithuania}}:
  • {{flag|Luxembourg}}:
  • {{flag|Malta}}:
  • {{flag|Moldova|name=Republic of Moldova}}:
  • {{flag|Monaco}}:
  • {{flag|Montenegro}}:
  • {{flag|Netherlands}}: Heineken is a pale lager beer with 5% alcohol by volume and is well known for its signature green bottle and red star.WEB,weblink Heineken – Global FAQ, heineken.com, 20 March 2017,
  • {{flag|North Macedonia}}:
  • {{flag|Norway}}:
  • {{flag|Poland}}: Like some other Eastern European countries, in Poland vodka is considered to be its national beverage. Along with cereal grains, Poland is also known for distilling it from potatoes. Like Russia does with its national drink, Poland also considers itself to be vodka's point of origin, dating back to the 15th century.WEB,weblink History of vodka production, at the official page of Polish Spirit Industry Association (KRPS), 2007, Polish,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070930131416weblink">weblink 30 September 2007, Another popular drink is Krupnik, a traditional sweet alcoholic drink similar to a liqueur, based on vodka and honey.
  • {{flag|Portugal}}: Port wine is a sweet Portuguese fortified wine produced with distilled grape spirits in the Douro Valley in the northern provinces of Portugal and is commonly served as a dessert wine.WEB,weblink Porto wine – Made in Portugal, Portugal.com, en-US, 2019-06-21, There are also distinct sorts of non port portuguese wines produced in particular regions.WEB,weblink Portuguese Wines For Every Palate, Schiessl, Courtney, Forbes, en, 2019-06-21,
  • {{flag|Romania}}: Èšuică sometimes referred to as "white lightning" due to its clarity and potency, is a plum fruit brandy, that is distilled in a brass still, using traditional fire sources such as wood and charcoal. Èšuică is traditionally drank prior to meals and at celebrations.JOURNAL, Stein, Max, December 6, 2012, Tuica – Romania's White Lightning,weblink The Drinks Business,
  • {{flag|Russia}}: Kvass is a traditional fermented non-alcoholic beverage commonly made from rye bread, and while kvass is seen as the national non-alcoholic drink, it is vodka that most Russians identify as their national alcoholic beverage.Ermochkine, Nicholas and Iglikowski, Peter (2003). 40 degrees east: an anatomy of vodka, Nova Publishers, p. 65, {{ISBN|1-59033-594-5}}. Like in Poland, Russians consider their nation to be vodka's birth place.BOOK, The history of vodka / История водки, Pokhlebkin, Pokhlebkin V. V. / Похлёбкин Ð’. Ð’., Tsentrpoligraph / Центрполиграф, 2007, 5-9524-1895-3, Moscow, 272,weblink
  • {{flag|San Marino}}:
  • {{flag|Serbia}}:
  • {{flag|Slovakia}}:Borovička, juniper alcoholic spirit'''
  • {{flag|Slovenia}}:
  • {{flag|Spain}}: A punch, sangria traditionally consists of red wine and chopped fruit, often with other ingredients such as orange juice or brandy.
  • {{flag|Sweden}}:
  • {{flag|Switzerland}}:
  • {{flag|Ukraine}}:
  • '''{{flag|United Kingdom|name=United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland}}: Tea
    • {{flag|Scotland}} Scotch is a whisky that is by law required to be aged in oak barrels for at least three yearsWEB,weblink The Scotch Whisky Regulations 2009, www.legislation.gov.uk, 2019-06-12, . Irn-Bru (pronounced "Iron Brew") is a sweet, orange flavored soda that has been referred to as the country's "other national drink."NEWS,weblink Scotland's other national drink, Brooks, Libby, 2007-05-30, The Guardian, 2019-06-12, en-GB, 0261-3077,
  • {{flag|Vatican City}}:

Africa

File:ET Amhara asv2018-02 img077 Lake Tana at Bahir Dar.jpg|thumb|A berele glass containing tej, which is a mead or honey wine brewed and consumed in alt=|263x263px
  • {{flag|Algeria}}:
  • {{flag|Angola}}:
  • {{flag|Benin}}:
  • {{flag|Botswana}}:
  • {{flag|Burkina Faso}}:
  • {{flag|Burundi}}:
  • {{flag|Cabo Verde}}:
  • {{flag|Cameroon}}:
  • {{flag|Central African Republic}}:
  • {{flag|Chad}}:
  • {{flag|Comoros}}:
  • {{flag|Congo}}:
  • {{flag|Côte d'Ivoire}}:
  • {{flag|Democratic Republic of the Congo}}:
  • {{flag|Djibouti}}:
  • {{flag|Egypt}}:
  • {{flag|Equatorial Guinea}}:
  • {{flag|Eritrea}}:
  • {{flag|Ethiopia}}: TejWEB,weblink The Most Iconic Beverage In 80 Countries Around The World, Willett, Megan, Business Insider, 2019-05-20, WEB,weblink 59 national drinks from 59 awesome countries, Matador Network, en-US, 2019-05-20, WEB,weblink World booze guide: The best things to drink in 43 countries, Alexander, Kevin, 2014-03-15, Thrillist, 2019-05-20,
  • {{flag|Eswatini}}:
  • {{flag|Gabon}}:
  • {{flag|Gambia|name=Gambia (Republic of The)}}:
  • {{flag|Ghana}}:
  • {{flag|Guinea}}:
  • {{flag|Guinea-Bissau}}:
  • {{flag|Kenya}}:
  • {{flag|Lesotho}}:
  • {{flag|Liberia}}:
  • {{flag|Libya}}:
  • {{flag|Madagascar}}:
  • {{flag|Malawi}}:
  • {{flag|Mali}}:
  • {{flag|Mauritania}}:
  • {{flag|Mauritius}}:
  • {{flag|Morocco}}: Moroccan mint tea (atai)WEB,weblink The Art of Moroccan Mint Tea and How to Brew It, Urban, Shilo, Organic Authority, en-us, 2019-07-31, WEB,weblink How to Make the Perfect Pot of Moroccan Mint Tea, The Spruce Eats, en, 2019-07-31, is a green tea prepared with spearmint leaves and sugar.
  • {{flag|Mozambique}}:
  • {{flag|Namibia}}:
  • {{flag|Niger}}:
  • {{flag|Nigeria}}:
  • {{flag|Rwanda}}:
  • {{flag|São Tomé and Príncipe}}:
  • {{flag|Senegal}}:
  • {{flag|Seychelles}}:
  • {{flag|Sierra Leone}}:
  • {{flag|Somalia}}:
  • {{flag|South Africa}}:
  • {{flag|South Sudan}}:
  • {{flag|Sudan}}:
  • {{flag|Togo}}:
  • {{flag|Tunisia}}: TeaWEB,weblink In 1930s Tunisia, French Doctors Feared a 'Tea Craze' Would Destroy Society, Nina, Studer, 27 February 2019, Atlas Obscura, 11 June 2019,
  • {{flag|Uganda}}:
  • {{flag|United Republic of Tanzania}}:
  • {{flag|Zambia}}:
  • {{flag|Zimbabwe}}: Chibuku

Asia-Pacific

Western Asia

File:Rize tea.JPG|thumb| Per capita, Turkey drinks more tea than any other nation. ]]
  • {{flag|Armenia}}:
  • {{flag|Azerbaijan}}:
  • {{flag|Bahrain}}:
  • {{flag|Cyprus}}:
  • {{flag|Northern Cyprus}}:
  • {{flag|Egypt}}:
  • {{flag|Georgia}}:
  • {{flag|Iraq}}:
  • {{flag|Iran}}:
  • {{flag|Israel}}:
  • {{flag|Jordan}}: Arabian Coffee, in small shots, non-sweetened.
  • {{flag|Kuwait}}:
  • {{flag|Lebanon}}:
  • {{flag|Oman}}:
  • {{flagcountry|Palestine}}:
  • {{flag|Qatar}}:
  • {{flag|Saudi Arabia}}:
  • {{flag|Syria}}:
  • {{flag|Turkey}}: raki;WEB,weblink 15 Things to Eat and Drink in Turkey, Katie, Nadworny, 6 June 2019, Fodor's, Fodors Travel Guide, 11 June 2019, Turkey’s national drink isn’t just a beverage—it’s an experience. A clear anise liquor that turns milky white with water and ice (sometimes referred to as “lion’s milk”), WEB,weblink How to drink raki, Turkey's signature drink, Talya, Arditi, CNN Travel, 29 December 2015, 11 June 2019, Meet raki – otherwise known as Lion's Milk – the Turkish national drink made of twice-distilled grapes and aniseed., tea{{cn|date=June 2019}}; ayran (as proclaimed by Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan in 2013) is a non-alcoholic yogurt drinkWEB,weblink Turkey's leader hits a nerve over country's "national drink", Reuters, Jonathon, Burch, 27 April 2013, 11 June 2019, That is what Turkey’s often divisive prime minister did late on Friday when he pronounced that the national drink was not beer, nor the aniseed spirit raki – choice tipple of Turkey’s founding father – but the non-alcoholic yoghurt drink ayran., WEB,weblink Ayran, Turkey's favorite summer drink, Onur, Kanan, May 22, 2014, Daily Sabah, 11 June 2019, Ayran, which is also known as the non-alcoholic national drink of Turkey, is made of yogurt, water and salt.,
  • {{flag|United Arab Emirates}}:
  • {{flag|Yemen}}:

Central Asia

  • {{flag|Afghanistan}}:
  • {{flag|Kazakhstan}}:
  • {{flag|Kyrgyzstan}}:
  • {{flag|Tajikistan}}:
  • {{flag|Turkmenistan}}:
  • {{flag|Uzbekistan}}:

East Asia and Oceania

File:Mango Smoothie.JPG|thumb|The popular Indian drink mango lassilassiFile:JOH 5217 - Lotus of Siam.jpg|thumb|Thai iced tea is a popular drink in ThailandThailand
  • {{flag|Australia}}: An ABC News article published in 2018 described lemon, lime and bitters as "Australia's national drink". Lemon, lime and bitters (LLB) is a mixed drink made with (clear) lemonade, lime cordial, and Angostura bitters. The lemonade is sometimes substituted with soda water or lemon squash. It was served as a non-alcoholic alternative to "Pink Gin" (gin mixed with Angostura bitters).NEWS, Kriewaldt, Kit, We drink more than 100 million a year and it’s all ours,weblink 8 December 2018, ABC News, 8 December 2018, en-AU, It is often considered to be a non-alcoholic cocktail (or mocktail) due to its exceedingly low alcohol content, though some establishments consider it to be alcoholic and will not serve it without identification or proof of age.{{cn|date=April 2018}}
  • {{flag|Bangladesh}}: Cha, Bengali for Tea, is considered to be the national drink of Bangaldesh, with Government bodies such as the Bangladesh Tea Board and the Bangladesh Tea Research Institute supporting the production, certification and exportation of the tea trade in the country.Bangladesh Tea Research Institute, Banglapedia Recently new types of tea, such as the Seven-color tea or seven-layer tea () has popped up as a well known beverage both in Bangladesh and its neighbour, India.WEB,weblink সিলেটের সাতরঙা চা এর রহস্য ভেদ, জানুন তৈরির নিয়ম, The Daily Prothom Alo, Bengali, November 4, 2017, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170504214809weblink">weblink May 4, 2017, WEB,weblink Making rainbows in a glass – seven-layer tea in Bangladesh, The Guardian, November 2, 2017, Romesh Ram Gour invented the seven-layer tea after discovering that different tea leaves have different densities.WEB,weblink One Glass, Seven Layers of Tea – Scene Asia, Wall Street Journal Blog, November 7, 2017, Each layer contrasts in color and taste, ranging from syrupy sweet to spicy clove. The result is an alternating dark/light band pattern throughout the drink, giving the tea its name.
  • {{flag|Bhutan}}: Ara, or Arag, (Tibetan and Dzongkha: ཨ་རག་; Wylie: a-rag; "alcohol, liquor") is a traditional alcoholic beverage consumed in Bhutan. Ara is made from native high-altitude tolerant barley, rice, maize, millet, or wheat, and may be either fermented or distilled. The beverage is usually a clear, creamy, or white color.WEB,weblink Merak and Sakteng – The Land of Brokpas, Wind Horse Tours online, 2011-07-27, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110927045148weblink">weblink 2011-09-27,
  • {{flag|Brunei}}:
  • {{flag|Cambodia}}: sombai NEWS,weblink Matadornetwork, 59 NATIONAL DRINKS FROM 59 AWESOME COUNTRIES, 2013-08-22, (Sraa Tram / infused rice wine with the krama, Cambodian national cloth, on the bottle neck)
  • {{flag|China, People's Republic of}}:
  • {{flag|Cook Islands}}:
  • {{flag|Easter Island}}:
  • {{flag|Fiji}}: Most Fijians would say that Kava is the unofficial national drink of Fiji. In Fiji, kava (also called "grog" or "yaqona") is drunk at all times of day in both public and private settings. The consumption of the drink is a form of welcome and figures in important socio-political events. Both genders drink kava. Kava is consumed for its sedating effects throughout the Pacific Ocean cultures of Polynesia, including Hawaii, Vanuatu, Melanesia, and some parts of Micronesia. To a lesser extent, it is consumed in nations where it is exported as an herbal medicine.
  • {{flag|French Polynesia}}:
  • {{flag|Guam}}:
  • {{flag|Hawaii}}:
  • {{flag|Hong Kong}}: Yum cha ({{zh|t=飲茶|s=饮茶 yǐn cháWEB, 饮茶 – Entry in Chinese dictionary,weblink Yellow Bridge, Yellow Bridge, 5 April 2017, |cy=yám chà|j=yam2 cha4}}; lit. "drink tea"), also known as going for dim sum, is the Cantonese tradition of brunch involving Chinese tea and dim sum. The practice is popular in Cantonese-speaking regions, including Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, and Macau. It is also carried out in other regions worldwide where there are overseas Chinese communities. Yum cha generally involves small portions of steamed, pan-fried, and deep-fried dim sum dishes served in bamboo steamers, which are designed to be eaten communally and washed down with tea.WEB, Dim Sum {{!, Hong Kong Tourism Board|url =weblink|website = www.discoverhongkong.com|accessdate = 2015-10-06}} People often go to yum cha in large groups for family get-togethers or celebrations.
  • {{flag|India}}: Originating in Punjab and most popular in northern parts of India, Lassi a cold and refreshing drink, can be sweet or salty and is a blend of yogurt, water, spices and sometimes fruit like mango.WEB,weblink Lassi {{!, beverage|website=Encyclopedia Britannica|language=en|access-date=2019-06-15}}WEB,weblink 5 Best Lassi Recipes: The Ultimate Summer Cooler from Punjab, NDTV Food, 2019-06-15, While the Masala chai is a hot, sweet tea popular throughout the subcontinent and is a combination of brewed black tea, aromatic spices and herbs, milk and sugar.BOOK,weblink The New Tea Book: A Guide to Black, Green, Herbal and Chai Teas, Perry, Sara, Chronicle Books, 9780811830539, en, In southern India, the iconic beverage is Kaapi, also known as Indian filter coffee, which is made by mixing frothed and boiled milk with coffee brewed through a metal filter.NEWS,weblink Make fantastic filter kaapi, Harish, Chef, 2014-08-22, The Hindu, 2019-06-15, en-IN, 0971-751X,
  • {{flag|Indonesia}}: With such a mix of cultures in Indonesia, it is very hard to narrow down one drink to be the "National Drink" of the country. The most common and popular Indonesian drinks and beverages are teh (tea) and kopi (coffee). Indonesian households commonly serve teh manis (sweet tea) or kopi tubruk (coffee mixed with sugar and hot water and poured straight in the glass without separating out the coffee residue) to guests. Fruit juices (jus) are very popular, and hot sweet beverages can also be found, such as bajigur and bandrek.
  • {{flag|Japan}}: Also referred to as Japanese rice wine, sake is an alcoholic beverage made by fermenting rice that has been polished to remove the bran.WEB,weblink 32 Official(ish) Drinks for Every Country Playing in the World Cup, Food & Wine, en, 2019-05-20, WEB,weblink The Signature Drink of Every Country in the World Cup Gallery, Rose, Jeremy, 2018-06-14, The Daily Meal, en, 2019-05-20,
  • {{flag|Kiribati}}: Karewe is a palm wine beverage made from "Toddy" (sap of certain coconut palms) in Kiribati. It is said that "Every male child in Kiribati is expected to learn climbing and toddy cutting from very early age just as a female child is expected to learn cooking and weaving from very early age".NEWS,weblink Toddy: The national drink of Kiribati, Imperor, Rex, 2013-12-02, Imperor, All about the monarchy, 2019-07-30, en-GB, 0261-3077, It is known by various names in different regions and is common in various parts of Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, South America, and Micronesia. Karewe production by smallholders and individual farmers may promote conservation as palm trees become a source of regular household income that may economically be worth more than the value of timber sold.Confirel: Sugar Palm Tree – Conservation of natural heritage retrieved on 15 April 2012
  • {{flag|Laos}}: Lao-Lao () is a Laotian rice whisky produced in Laos.BOOK, Sally Everett, Food and Drink Tourism: Principles and Practice,weblink 12 April 2016, SAGE Publications, 978-1-4739-6597-3, 301, WEB,weblink The cheapest alcohol in the world: Lao-Lao, Laos rice whiskey, www.priceoftravel.com, 17 July 2017, Along with Beerlao, lao-Lao is a staple drink in Laos. The name lao-Lao is not the same word repeated twice, but two different words pronounced with different tones: the first, (wikt:ເຫລົ້າ|ເຫລົ້າ), means "alcohol" and is pronounced with a low-falling tone in the standard dialect, while the second, (wikt:ລາວ|ລາວ), means Laotian ("Lao") and is pronounced with a high(-rising) tone.
  • {{flag|Macau}}: Cha Gordo (literally Fat TeaWEB, Cummings-Yeates, Rosalind, Feasting on Fat Tea in Macau,weblink Travel Pulse, 7 March 2018, 18 August 2015, ) is a culinary tradition amongst the Macanese community in Macau that is likened to high tea. Historically, families with Portuguese heritage in Macau would host a Cha Gordo for a number of occasions, including Catholic holidays, christening, or birthdays, but it can be held for any reason.NEWS, Loh, Juliana, Cha Gordo: Macau's ' fat tea' a celebration of Macanese cuisine and culture,weblink 7 March 2018, South China Morning Post, 10 April 2015, Some families, historically, would even host one on a weekly basis. A Cha Gordo would take place following a Macanese wedding, instead of the elaborate banquet seen in Chinese weddings.BOOK, Daniels, Maggie, Loveless, Carrie, Wedding Planning and Management: Consultancy for Diverse Clients, 2014, Routledge, 29, Second,weblink 7 March 2018,
  • {{flag|Malaysia}}: Teh tarik (literally "pulled tea") is a hot milk tea beverage which can be commonly found in restaurants, outdoor stalls and kopi tiams within the Southeast Asian country of Malaysia.WEB,weblink Disputes – International, CIA, 4 January 2011, Its name is derived from the pouring process of "pulling" the drink during preparation. It is made from a strong brew of black tea blended with condensed milk. It is the national drink of Malaysia.WEB,weblink Lipton urges Malaysians to take pride in teh tarik, our national beverage, New Sabah Times, 7 September 2012, 6 November 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140702212542weblink">weblink 2 July 2014, yes,
  • {{flag|Maldives}}: It can be said that the Maldives have two national drinks. Firstly, due to their history and location near the Indian Subcontinent Sai (tea) is a Maldivian favourite. Secondly, as the Maldives are truly an Island nation, Raa (toddy tapped from palm trees) is also has its place in the national identity of the Maldives. Sometimes Raa is left to ferment and thus slightly alcoholic – the closest any Maldivian gets to alcohol.
  • {{flag|Marshall Islands}}:
  • {{flag|Federated States of Micronesia|name=Micronesia}}:
  • {{flag|Mongolia}}: Airag ( {{IPA-mn|ˈai̯rəɡ|}})WEB,weblink Airag – Fermented Mare's Milk – Mongolian Beverage, or, in some areas, tsegee is a fermented dairy product traditionally made from mare's milk. The drink remains important to the peoples of the Central Asian steppes, of Huno-Bulgar, Turkic and Mongol origin: Kazakhs, Bashkirs, Kalmyks, Kyrgyz, Mongols, and Yakuts.BOOK, Zeder, Melinda A. ed., Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological Paradigms, University of California Press, 2006, 0-520-24638-1, .264, {{sfnb|Anderson|1988| p= 80}} File:Mare milking Suusamyr.jpg|thumb|A mare being milked in the Suusamyr Valley, KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan A 1982 source reported 230,000 horses were kept in the Soviet Union specifically for producing milk to make into kumis.BOOK, Steinkraus, Keith H. ed, Handbook of Indigenous Fermented Foods, 1995, Marcel Dekker, 0-8247-9352-8, 304, Rinchingiin Indra, writing about Mongolian dairying, says "it takes considerable skill to milk a mare" and describes the technique: the milker kneels on one knee, with a pail propped on the other, steadied by a string tied to an arm. One arm is wrapped behind the mare's rear leg and the other in front. A foal starts the milk flow and is pulled away by another person, but left touching the mare's side during the entire process.BOOK, Indra, Rinchingiin, Mongolian Dairy Products, Mongolia Today: Science, Culture, Environment and Development, Routlege, 2003, Dendev Badarch, Raymond A Zilinskas, 0-7007-1598-3, 74, In Mongolia, the milking season for horses traditionally runs between mid-June and early October. During one season, a mare produces approximately 1,000 to 1,200 litres of milk, of which about half is left to the foals.Indra p. 73.
  • {{flag|Myanmar}}: Lahpet, also spelled laphat, laphet, lephet, leppet, or letpet in English ({hide}MYname|MY=
လက်ဖက်
ləpʰɛʔBurmese language>Burmese for fermented or pickled tea. Myanmar is one of very few countries where tea is eaten as well as drunk. Its pickled tea is unique in the region, and is not only regarded as the national delicacy but plays a significant role in Burmese society.HTTP://WWW.INNWA.COM/DEV/KITCHEN/NEWS/GET-NEWS.ASP?ID=142>TITLE=LEPHET – GREEN TEA SALADFIRST=DANIELPUBLISHER=SWE SONE MAGAZINEDEADURL=YESARCHIVEDATE=JULY 8, 2007cuisine of Myanmar is reflected by the following popular expression: "Of all the fruit, the mango's the best; of all the meat, the pork's the best; and of all the leaves, lahpet's the best". In the West, laphet is most commonly encountered in tea leaf salad ({{my>လက်ဖက်သုပ်}}).{{citationtitle=The Foodspotting Field Guidepublisher=Chronicle Books LLCpage=71}}{{citation title=Burmese Tea Leaves That Feel Like Family The New York Times >date=July 26, 2012 }}
  • {{flag|Nauru}};
  • {{flag|Nepal}}: Raksi (Devanagari:रक्सी) or Rakshi (Limbu:Sijongwaa aaraEthnic Fermented Foods and Alcoholic Beverages of Asia, Front Cover By Jyoti Prakash Tamang, Springer, 5 Aug 2016 – Technology & Engineering – 409 pages, P.107, Nepal Bhasa:aylaa) is the Nepali term for a traditional distilled alcoholic beverage in Nepal, India (Darjeeling, Sikkim) and Tibet. It is often made at home. Raksi is a strong drink, clear like vodka or gin, tasting somewhat like Japanese sake. It is usually made from kodo millet (kodo) or rice; different grains produce different flavors.WEB,weblink Nepal: Liquor, 3 November 2018, The Limbus, for whom it is a traditional beverage P.67 Land and Social Change in East Nepal: A Study of Hindu-Tribal Relations
By Professor Lionel Caplan, Lionel Caplan, drink an enormous amount of Tongba and raksi served with pieces of Pork, Water buffalo or Goat meat Sekuwa.p.34 Kinship and Marriage Among the Limbu of Eastern Nepal: A Study By Rex Lee Jones – 1973 For the Newars, aylaa is indispensible during festivals and various religious rituals as libation, prasad or sagan.
  • {{flag|New Caledonia}}:
  • {{flag|New Zealand}}:
  • {{flag|Niue}}:
  • {{flag|North Korea}}:On the 18th of June, 2019, Kim Jong Un designated Pyongyang Soju an alcoholic beverage that embodies the "innocent and tender hearts" of the North Korean people as the national beverage of North Korea, according to a state propaganda service.NEWS,weblink Pyongyang Soju selected national beverage of North Korea, Shim, Elizabeth, 2019-06-18, UPI, 2019-07-30, en-GB, 0261-3077, Soju is a clear, colorless distilled beverage of Korean origin.NEWS,weblink Soju: the most popular booze in the world, Miller, Norman, 2013-12-02, The Guardian, 2019-05-20, en-GB, 0261-3077,
  • {{flag|Northern Mariana Islands}}:
  • {{flag|Pakistan}}:
  • {{flag|Palau}}:
  • {{flag|Papua New Guinea}}:
  • {{flag|Philippines}}:
  • {{flag|Pitcairn Islands}}:
  • {{flag|Samoa}}:(Including {{flag|American Samoa}})
  • {{flag|Singapore}}:
  • {{flag|Solomon Islands}}
  • {{flag|South Korea}}: Soju ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|s|oÊŠ|dÊ’|uː}}; from Korean: {{Korean|hangul=소주|hanja=燒酒|labels=no}} {{IPA-ko|so.dÊ‘u|}}) is a clear, colorless distilled beverage of Korean origin.WEB,weblink soju, Oxford Dictionary of English, Oxford University Press, 14 April 2017, WEB,weblink soju, Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Encyclopædia Britannica, 22 November 2014, NEWS,weblink Soju: the most popular booze in the world, Miller, Norman, 2 December 2013, The Guardian, 13 April 2017, It is usually consumed neat, and its alcohol content varies from about 16.8% to 53% alcohol by volume (ABV).WEB,weblink Koreans looking for weaker soju, Park, Eun-jee, 19 November 2014, Korea JoongAng Daily, 14 April 2017, NEWS,weblink Soju Makers Aim to Turn Fire Water Into Liquid Gold, Hall, Joshua, 17 October 2014, The Wall Street Journal, 24 December 2014, Most brands of soju are made in South Korea. While soju is traditionally made from rice, wheat, or barley, modern producers often replace rice with other starches such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, or tapioca.NEWS,weblink Why You Should Be Drinking Korean Soju Right Now, Archibald, Anna, 27 August 2015, Liquor.com, 14 December 2015,
  • {{flag|Sri Lanka}}:
  • {{flag|ROC|name= Taiwan}}: Bubble teaWEB,weblink Who invented bubble tea? – Taipei Times, Edward, Jones, 2018-11-13, Taipei Times, 11 June 2019, Surprisingly little is known for sure about the origin of Taiwan’s national drink, WEB,weblink Bubble Tea, Gloria, Tai, China Live, 11 June 2019, It can almost be considered a national drink in Taiwan where it originated and took by storm in the 1980’s, (also known as pearl milk tea, bubble milk tea, or boba) is a Taiwanese tea-based drink invented in the 1980s.BOOK, Tea: The drink that changed the world, Martin, Laura C., Tuttle Publishing, 2007, 9780804837248, Rutland, 219,
  • {{flag|Thailand}}: Thai tea is a Thai drink made from tea, milk and sugar, and served hot or cold. It is popular in Southeast Asia and is served in many restaurants that serve Thai food.WEB,weblink History of Tea in Thailand, When served cold it is known as Thai iced tea. Another highly popular drink is Krating Daeng, an energy drink which was first introduced in 1976. In Thai, daeng means red, and a krating is a large species of wild bovine native to South Asia. Krating Daeng inspired the creation of the Western drink Red Bull.
  • {{flag|Timor-Leste}}:
  • {{flag|Tokelau}}:
  • {{flag|Tonga}}: Kava, is a very important drink in Tonga, some would also argue that it is their unofficial national drink. In Tonga, kava is like alcohol and drunk nightly at kalapu (Tongan for "club"), which is also called a faikava ("to do kava"). Only men are allowed to drink the kava, although women who serve it may be present. The female server is usually an unmarried, young woman called the "tou{{okina}}a." In the past, this was a position reserved for women being courted by an unmarried male, and much respect was shown. These days, it is imperative that the tou{{okina}}a not be related to anyone in the kalapu, and if someone is found to be a relative of the tou{{okina}}a, he (not the tou{{okina}}a) will leave the club for that night; otherwise the brother-sister taboo would make it impossible to talk openly, especially about courtship. Foreign girls, especially volunteer workers from overseas are often invited to be a tou{{okina}}a for a night. If no female tou{{okina}}a can be found, or it is such a small, very informal gathering, one of the men will do the job of serving the kava root; this is called fakatangata ("all-man"). See Tongan Kava Ceremony for more information.
  • {{flag|Tuvalu}}
  • {{flag|Vanuatu}}:
  • {{flag|Vietnam}}:
  • {{flag|Wake Island}}:
  • {{flag|Wallis and Futuna|local}}:

Gallery

File:Flasche Coca-Cola 0,2 Liter.jpg|Coca-Cola is thought by many to be a symbol of the US.File:Guinness.jpg|Guinness, a dry stout beer, is strongly associated with Ireland.File:Filter kaapi.JPG|Kaapi, Indian filter coffee.File:Faikava.jpg|A typical informal faikava in Tonga with the tou{{okina}}a serving the men.File:Peach kompot.JPG|Peach kompot, traditional to eastern european countries like Bulgaria.File:2017 Likier miodowy Krupnik.jpg|Krupnik, a national drink of Poland.File:HBH Juozo Gira (9617424290).jpg|Kvass, popular in the Baltics and Slavic countries.File:Thai red bull.jpg|Krating Daeng created in Thailand.File:Lemon, Lime and Bitters.jpg|Lemon, lime and bitters, is commonly consumed in Australia and New Zealand.File:Punjabi Lassi.JPG|A Lassi in Punjab, India.File:10 layer tea,Srimongol.jpg| The new Seven Color Tea, a recent competitor for national drink of Bangladesh.File:Chai In Sakora.jpg|Indian Masala chai served in a red clay tea cup.File:Pisco sour 20100613b.JPG|Many in both Peru and Chile think that pisco sour is their national drink.

See also

References

{{Reflist|refs=BOOK, Latino food culture, Food cultures in America, Zilkia Janer, ABC-CLIO, 2008, 9780313340277, 71–73, |colwidth=30em}}{{National symbols}}


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