aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{short description|Capital city of the canton of Vaud, Switzerland}}{{Other uses}}{{Use dmy dates|date=June 2016}}{{Use British English|date=February 2014}}

|postal_code = 1000 (in general), 1003-1007, 1010-1012, 1000 Lausanne 25-27, 1052 Le Mont-sur-Lausanne (partly), 1053 Cugy VD (partly), 1032 Crissier (partly), 1032 Romanel-sur-Lausanne (partly), 1033 Chessaux-sur-Lausanne (partly)|municipality_code = 5586|elevation = 526|elevation_description = Cité|highest = Montagne du Château|highest_m = 935|lowest = Lake Léman|lowest_m = 372mayor_asof=2016 |mayor_party=PSOuchy, Vernand-Dessous, Vernand-Dessus, Vers-chez-les-BlancBottens, Bretigny-sur-Morrens, Chavannes-près-Renens, Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Crissier, Cugy, Vaud>Cugy, Écublens, Vaud, Épalinges, Évian-les-Bains (FR-74), Froideville, Switzerland>Froideville, Jouxtens-Mézery, Le Mont-sur-Lausanne, Lugrin (FR-74), Maxilly-sur-Léman (FR-74), Montpreveyres, Morrens, Neuvecelle (FR-74), Prilly, Pully, Renens, Romanel-sur-Lausanne, Saint-Sulpice, Vaud, Savigny, Switzerland>Savigny|twintowns =}}Lausanne ({{IPAc-en|l|oÊŠ|ˈ|z|æ|n}}, also {{IPAc-en|US|l|oÊŠ|ˈ|z|ɑː|n}},AMERICAN HERITAGE DICTIONARY, Lausanne, 11 May 2019, WEB,weblink Lausanne, Collins English Dictionary, HarperCollins, 11 May 2019, "Lausanne" (US) and OXFORD DICTIONARIES, Lausanne, 11 May 2019, MERRIAM-WEBSTER, Lausanne, 11 May 2019, {{IPA-fr|lozan|lang}}, {{IPA-de|loˈzan|lang}};WEB,weblink Historical Directory of Switzerland, Berne, Switzerland, official site, Glossarium Helvetiae Historicum, Lausanne, fr, À l'intérieur des articles, les formes principales des noms officiels ou indigènes ("endonymes") sont affichées en gros caractères demi-gras, celles des exonymes historiques en caractères normaux. Enfin, toutes les formes secondaires sont imprimées en italique., [Engl.: Within the articles, the main forms of official or indigenous names ("endonyms") are displayed in large semi-bold characters, those of historical exonyms in normal characters {means: non-bold}. Finally, all secondary forms are printed in italics.] {{IPA-frp|lɔˈzÉ™na||frp-greverin-Lojena.ogg}}; ; ){{HDS|2408|Lausanne|author=Gilbert Coutaz|date=2014-06-30}} is the capital city and biggest town of the canton of Vaud in Romandy, Switzerland. A municipality, it is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva ().WEB,weblink 03 - Suisse sud-ouest, Federal Office of Topography, swisstopo, Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport, Swiss National Map 1:200 000 - Switzerland on four sheets, 2009, 17 April 2014,weblink" title="">weblink 11 April 2014, dead, dmy-all, It faces the French town of , with the Jura Mountains to its north-west. Lausanne is located {{convert|62|km|mi|1|abbr=off}} northeast of Geneva.The municipality Lausanne has a population of about 140,000, making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration area having 420,000 inhabitants (as of March 2015).WEB,weblink Statistics, Population size and population composition – Data, indicators – Agglomerations: Permanent resident population in urban and rural areas, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Swiss Federal Administration,, 2015, 1 September 2015,weblink" title="">weblink 4 May 2009, dead, dmy-all, The metropolitan area of Lausanne-Geneva (including Vevey-Montreux, Yverdon-les-Bains, and foreign parts) was over 1.2 million inhabitants in 2000.WEB,weblink Office fédéral du développement territorial ARE â€“ B3: Les aires métropolitaines, PDF, 4, Federal Office for Spatial Development ARE,, 7 June 2006, French, German, Italian, 17 April 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 12 October 2013, dmy-all, Lausanne is a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee (which has recognized the city as the "Olympic Capital" since 1994),WEB,weblink Welcome to International Sports Federations, International Sports Federations, 27 September 2009,weblink" title="">weblink 11 August 2009, dead, dmy-all, the Court of Arbitration for Sport and some 55 international sport associations.NEWS, Kucera, Andrea, Lausanne – Hauptstadt des Sports,weblink 28 April 2015, NZZ, 28 April 2015, It lies in a noted wine-growing region. The city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have a rapid transit system.WEB,weblink Lausanne Metro m2, Vaud canton, Switzerland, Railway Technology, en-GB, 2019-07-29, Lausanne will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.NEWS,weblink Lausanne named Winter Youth Olympic Games host for 2020, 2016-10-27, International Olympic Committee, 2017-05-30, en,


The Romans built a military camp, which they called , at the site of a Celtic settlement, near the lake where Vidy and Ouchy are situated; on the hill above was a fort called or (The "-y" suffix is common to many place names of Roman origin in the region (e.g.) Prilly, Pully, Lutry, etc.). By the 2nd century AD, it was known as and in 280 as . By 400, it was , and in 990 it was mentioned as .(File:Saint François IMG 4837.jpg|thumb|left| square, {{circa|1840}})After the fall of the Roman Empire, insecurity forced the residents of Lausanne to move to its current centre, a hilly site that was easier to defend. The city which emerged from the camp was ruled by the Dukes of Savoy and the Bishop of Lausanne. Then it came under Bern from 1536 to 1798, and a number of its cultural treasures, including the hanging tapestries in the Cathedral, were permanently removed. Lausanne has made repeated requests to recover them.After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, Lausanne became (along with Geneva) a place of refuge for French Huguenots. In 1729, a seminary was opened by Antoine Court and Benjamin Duplan. By 1750, 90 pastors had been sent back to France to work clandestinely; this number would rise to 400. Official persecution ended in 1787; a faculty of Protestant theology was established at Montauban in 1808, and the Lausanne seminary was finally closed on 18 April 1812.BOOK, Le séminaire de Lausanne, 1726-1812 : instrument de la restauration du protestantisme français : étude historique fondée principalement sur les documents inédits, Lasserre, Claude, 1997, Bibliothèque historique vaudoise, no 112, Bibliothèque historique vaudoise, Lausanne, 978-2-88454-112-1, 39222660, French, Also {{OCLC|39228676}} During the Napoleonic Wars, the city's status changed. In 1803, it became the capital of a newly formed Swiss canton, Vaud, under which it joined the Swiss Federation.

Modern history and heritage

(File:18th Century silver trumpet candlesticks from Lausanne.jpg|thumb|18th-century silver trumpet candlesticks from Lausanne)In 1964, the city played host to the Swiss National Exhibition,WEB,weblink Lausanne 1964: Two ideas, one Expo, Swiss National Exhibitions - Expo-Archive, swissinfo/SRG SSR idée suisse#SRI - Swissinfo / Swiss Radio International, Swiss Radio International (SRI), 27 September 2009,weblink" title="">weblink 8 April 2009, dead, dmy-all, displaying its newly found confidence to play host to major international events.From the 1950s to 1970s, a large number of Italians, Spaniards and Portuguese immigrated to Lausanne, settling mostly in the industrial district of Renens and transforming the local diet.The city has served as a refuge for European artists. While under the care of a psychiatrist at Lausanne, T. S. Eliot composed most of his 1922 poem The Waste Land ("by the waters of Leman I sat down and wept").WEB,weblink The Waste Land - Modernism Lab Essays,, 24 March 2009, 18 January 2016, Ernest Hemingway also visited from Paris with his wife during the 1920s, to holiday. In fact, many creative people — such as historian Edward Gibbon and Romantic era poets Shelley and Byron — have "sojourned, lived, and worked in Lausanne or nearby".WEB,weblink The Fourteenth International Hemingway Society Conference : Hemingway's Extreme Geographies,, 18 January 2016, The city has been traditionally quiet, but in the late 1960s and early 1970s, a series of demonstrations took place that exposed tensions between young people and the police. Later demonstrations took place to protest against the high cinema prices{{Citation needed|date=December 2015}}, followed by protest against the G8 meetings in 2003.NEWS, Anti-G8 protests turn violent in Switzerland,weblink Times of Malta, 2 June 2003, Reuters, 18 January 2016,



File:Lausanne depuis le Mont Tendre.JPG|thumb|The agglomeration of Lausanne, Lake Geneva and the AlpsAlpsFile:Cathedrale Lausanne Bessieres.JPG|thumb|The Charles-Bessières bridge with Lausanne Metro car. In the background the cathedral of Notre-Dame and the old town.]]The most important geographical feature of the area surrounding Lausanne is Lake Geneva (Lac Léman in French). Lausanne is built on the southern slope of the Swiss plateau, with a difference in elevation of about {{convert|500|m|ft|0}} between the lakeshore at Ouchy and its northern edge bordering Le Mont-sur-Lausanne and Épalinges. Lausanne boasts a dramatic panorama over the lake and the Alps.In addition to its generally southward-sloping layout, the centre of the city is the site of an ancient river, the Flon, which has been covered since the 19th century. The former river forms a gorge running through the middle of the city south of the old city centre, generally following the course of the present Rue Centrale, with several bridges crossing the depression to connect the adjacent neighbourhoods. Due to the considerable differences in elevation, visitors should make a note as to which plane of elevation they are on and where they want to go, otherwise they will find themselves tens of metres below or above the street which they are trying to negotiate. The name Flon is also used for the metro station located in the gorge.The municipality includes the villages of Vidy, Cour, Ouchy, Mornex, Chailly, La Sallaz, Vennes, Montblesson, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, Montheron and Chalet-à-Gobet ({{convert|871|m|ft|abbr=on}}) as well as the exclave of Vernand.Lausanne is located at the limit between the extensive wine-growing regions of Lavaux (to the east) and la Côte (to the west).Lausanne has an area, {{as of|2009|lc=on}}, of {{convert|41.38|-|41.33|km2|sqmi|sp=us}} (depending on calculation method). Of this area, {{convert|6.64|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}} or 16.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while {{convert|16.18|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}} or 39.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, {{convert|18.45|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}} or 44.6% is settled (buildings or roads), {{convert|0.05|km2|acre|abbr=on}} or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and {{convert|0.01|km2|acre|abbr=on}} or 0.0% is unproductive land.Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data. {{de icon}} Retrieved 25 March 2010.Of the built-up area, industrial buildings made up 1.6% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 21.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 12.5%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 7.5%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 11.1% is used for growing crops and 4.2% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.The municipality was part of the old Lausanne District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and it became the capital of the new district of Lausanne.Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz {{Webarchive|url= |date=13 November 2015 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 4 April 2011.


Lausanne has an average of 119.7 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives {{convert|1153|mm|in|abbr=on}} of precipitation. The wettest month is May during which time Lausanne receives an average of {{convert|117|mm|in|1|abbr=on}} of rain. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.1 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of {{convert|67|mm|in|1|abbr=on}} of precipitation over 8.8 days.WEB,weblink Climate normals Pully (Reference period 1981−2010), Swiss Federal Office of Metreology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss, Zurich Airport, Switzerland, 2 July 2014, 3 April 2015, The USDA Hardiness Zone for Lausanne-Pully is 8b with an average minimum temperature of -7.0 C over the past 20 years (1997 - 2016), but at the lake level, it can be considered 9a.Spring and the City.jpg|SpringSummer and the City.jpg|SummerAutumn and the City.jpg|AutumnWinter and the City.jpg|Winter{{Weather box|location = Pully (Lausanne) (1981–2010), Extremes (1981–2010)|metric first = Yes|single line = Yes|Jan record high C = 14.9|Feb record high C = 15.8|Mar record high C = 22.6|Apr record high C = 25.5|May record high C = 31.3|Jun record high C = 33.6|Jul record high C = 35.2|Aug record high C = 37.1|Sep record high C = 28.6|Oct record high C = 25.4|Nov record high C = 19.8|Dec record high C = 17.7|Jan high C = 4.4|Feb high C = 5.6|Mar high C = 10.1|Apr high C = 14.0|May high C = 18.7|Jun high C = 22.4|Jul high C = 25.0|Aug high C = 24.4|Sep high C = 19.8|Oct high C = 14.6|Nov high C = 8.6|Dec high C = 5.3|year high C = 14.4|Jan mean C = 1.2|Feb mean C = 3.0|Mar mean C = 6.6|Apr mean C = 10.0|May mean C = 14.4|Jun mean C = 17.8|Jul mean C = 20.3|Aug mean C = 19.7|Sep mean C = 15.8|Oct mean C = 11.6|Nov mean C = 6.1|Dec mean C = 3.2|year mean C = 10.9|Jan low C = 0.3|Feb low C = 0.7|Mar low C = 3.5|Apr low C = 6.4|May low C = 10.7|Jun low C = 13.8|Jul low C = 16.1|Aug low C = 15.9|Sep low C = 12.6|Oct low C = 9.1|Nov low C = 4.2|Dec low C = 1.4|year low C = 7.9|Jan record low C = -16.7|Feb record low C = -12.7|Mar record low C = -9.1|Apr record low C = -2.9|May record low C = 2.1|Jun record low C = 5.2|Jul record low C = 9|Aug record low C = 8.2|Sep record low C = 4.4|Oct record low C = -1.2|Nov record low C = -6.2|Dec record low C = -10.1|precipitation colour = green|Jan precipitation mm = 77|Feb precipitation mm = 67|Mar precipitation mm = 78|Apr precipitation mm = 87|May precipitation mm = 117|Jun precipitation mm = 112|Jul precipitation mm = 92|Aug precipitation mm = 110|Sep precipitation mm = 114|Oct precipitation mm = 113|Nov precipitation mm = 93|Dec precipitation mm = 92|year precipitation mm = 1153|unit precipitation days = 1.0 mm|Jan precipitation days = 10.1|Feb precipitation days = 8.8|Mar precipitation days = 10.2|Apr precipitation days = 9.8|May precipitation days = 12.1|Jun precipitation days = 10.4|Jul precipitation days = 9.0|Aug precipitation days = 9.5|Sep precipitation days = 8.8|Oct precipitation days = 10.1|Nov precipitation days = 10.2|Dec precipitation days = 10.7|year precipitation days = 119.7|Jan snow cm = 10.9|Feb snow cm = 14.3|Mar snow cm = 1.6|Apr snow cm = 0.2|May snow cm = 0.0|Jun snow cm = 0.0|Jul snow cm = 0.0|Aug snow cm = 0.0|Sep snow cm = 0.0|Oct snow cm = 0.0|Nov snow cm = 1.1|Dec snow cm = 7.0|year snow cm = 35.1|Jan humidity= 78|Feb humidity= 73|Mar humidity= 68|Apr humidity= 66|May humidity= 67|Jun humidity= 66|Jul humidity= 65|Aug humidity= 68|Sep humidity= 73|Oct humidity= 78|Nov humidity= 78|Dec humidity= 78|year humidity = 72|unit snow days = 1.0 cm|Jan snow days = 2.9|Feb snow days = 2.8|Mar snow days = 1.3|Apr snow days = 0.1|May snow days = 0.0|Jun snow days = 0.0|Jul snow days = 0.0|Aug snow days = 0.0|Sep snow days = 0.0|Oct snow days = 0.0|Nov snow days = 0.8|Dec snow days = 1.9|year snow days = 9.8|Jan sun = 72|Feb sun = 97|Mar sun = 159|Apr sun = 179|May sun = 201|Jun sun = 229|Jul sun = 252|Aug sun = 234|Sep sun = 183|Oct sun = 128|Nov sun = 79|Dec sun = 58|year sun = 1872|Jan percentsun= 29|Feb percentsun= 37|Mar percentsun= 46|Apr percentsun= 47|May percentsun= 48|Jun percentsun= 54|Jul percentsun= 59|Aug percentsun= 58|Sep percentsun= 52|Oct percentsun= 42|Nov percentsun= 32|Dec percentsun= 26|year percentsun= 46|source 1 = MeteoSwissWEBSITE=WWW.SCRIS.VD.CH, |date=July 2014}}


Coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, chief argent.WEB,weblink Lausanne commune (Vaud canton, Switzerland),, 18 January 2016,

Administrative divisions

The city is divided into 18 quartiers, or districts, sometimes composed of several neighborhoods. They are: Centre (1), Maupas/Valency (2), Sébeillon/Malley (3), Montoie/Bourdonnette (4), Montriond/Cour (5), Sous-Gare/Ouchy (6), Montchoisi (7), Florimont/Chissiez (8), Mousquines/Bellevue (9), Vallon/Béthusy (10), Chailly/Rovéréaz (11), Sallaz/Vennes/Séchaud (12), Sauvabelin (13), Borde/Bellevaux (14), Vinet/Pontaise (15), Bossons/Blécherette (16), Beaulieu/Grey/Boisy (17), and Les Zones foraines (90)


The municipality (la Municipalité) constitutes the executive government of the City of Lausanne and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of seven councilors (), each presiding over a directorate. One of the members act as mayor (syndic). In the mandate period 2016–2021 (la législature) the Municipality is presided by Monsieur le Syndic Grégoire Junod. Directoral tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Communal Council are carried by the Municipality. The regular election of the Municipality by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every five years. Any resident of Lausanne allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipality. Since 14 April 2003, due to the constitution by canton of Vaud not only Swiss citizen have the right to vote and elect and being elected on communal level, but also foreigners with a residence permit of at least 10 years in Switzerland and 3 years in the canton of Vaud.WEB,weblink Qui peut voter?, Secrétariat municipal, Ville de Lausanne, official site, Geneva, Switzerland, French, 1 November 2015, The current mandate period is from 1 July 2016 to 30 June 2021. The delegates are elected by means of a system of Majorz. The mayor is later on elected as such by a public election as well by a system of Majorz, while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate. The executive body holds its meetings in the Town Hall (L'Hôtel de Ville), in the old city on Place de la Palud.WEB,weblink Municipalité, Hôtel de Ville de Lausanne, official site, French, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2016-11-17, {{As of|2016}}, Lausanne's Municipality is made up of three representatives of the PS (Social Democratic Party, of whom one is also the mayor), and two members of PES (Green Party), and one each of le Parti Ouvrier et Populaire Vaudois (POP) & gauche en mouvement (an alliance of the left parties POP (Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS and indépendant.e.s), and PLR (Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR)), giving the left parties a very strong six out of seven seats. The last election was held on 28 February/20 March 2016. The mayor was elected by two ballots on 17 April/8 May 2016.WEB,weblink Composition de la Municipalité: Composition des directions pour la législature 2016-2021, Hôtel de Ville de Lausanne, official site, French, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2016-11-17, {|class="wikitable"|+ La Municipalité of Lausanne! Councilor(conseiller municipal/ conseillère municipale) !! Party !! Directorate (Direction de(s), since) of !! elected sinceGrégoire JunodMayor (Syndic) >{{Social Democratic Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}Culture et dévelopment urbain, 2016) >| 2011{{FDP.The Liberals/meta/color}}Sécurité et économie, 2016) >| 2016Vice-syndique) 2016 >{{Social Democratic Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}Sports et cohésion sociale, 2002) >| 2001{{Green Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}Logement, environnement et architecture, 2016) >| 2016{{Swiss Party of Labour/meta/color}}Enfance, jeunesse et quartiers, 2016) >| 2016{{Social Democratic Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}Finances et mobilité, 2011) >| 2011{{Green Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}Services industriels, 2006) >| 2006{{reflist|group=CM}}Simon Affolter is Town Chancellor (chancelier municipal) since for the Municipality.


{{Pie chart| thumb =right| caption =Le Conseil communal of Lausanne for the mandate period of 2016–2021| other =| label1 =Ensemble à Gauche (POP, Sol, indépedant.e.s)| value1 =11| color1 ={{Swiss Party of Labour/meta/color}}| label2 =PS| value2 =33| color2 ={{Social Democratic Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}| label3 =Les Verts (PES)| value3 =17| color3 ={{Green Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}| label4 =Le Centre (PDC & pvl)| value4 =6| color4 ={{Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland/meta/color}}| label5 =PLR| value5 =21| color5 ={{FDP.The Liberals/meta/color}}| label6 =UDC| value6 =12| color6 ={{Swiss People's Party/meta/color}}}}The Communal Council (Conseil communal) holds legislative power. It is made up of 100 members, with elections held every five years. The Communal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the Municipality and the administration. The sessions of the Communal Council are public. Unlike members of the Municipality, members of the Communal Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Lausanne allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Communal Council. Since 14 April 2003, due to the constitution by canton of Vaud not only Swiss citizen have the right to vote and elect and being elected on communal level, but also foreigners with a residence permit of at least 10 years in Switzerland and 3 years in the canton of Vaud. The Parliament holds its meetings in the Town Hall (Hôtel de Ville), in the old city on Place de la Palud.WEB,weblink Conseil communal, Conseil communal, Ville de Lausanne, official site, Geneva, Switzerland, French, 1 November 2015, The last election of the Communal Council was held on 28 February 2016 for the mandate period (la législature) from 1 June 2016 to 31 May 2021. Currently the Communal Council consist of 33 members of the Social Democratic Party (PS), 21 Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR), 17 Green Party (PES), 12 Swiss People's Party (UDC), 11 Ensemble à Gauche (an alliance of the left parties POP (Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS and indépendant.e.s), and 6 Le Centre (an alliance of Christian Democratic People's Party (PDC) and Green Liberal Party (pvl)).WEB,weblink Conseil communal: résultats:Répartition des sièges, bilan final, Conseil communal, Ville de Lausanne, official site, Lausanne, Switzerland, French, 30 March 2016,


National Council

In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the PS which received 30.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the PLR (18.6%), the Green Party (15.9%), and the UDC (15.4%). In the federal election, a total of 26,116 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 41.0%.WEB,weblink Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden, XLS, official statistics, Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 4 March 2016, de, fr, 2016-08-03, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 2 August 2016,


Largest groups of foreign residents 2013WEB">

POPULATION{, Population totale par région du monde et selon la nationalité, 1979-2013 >url= publisher=Contrôle des Habitants de la Ville de Lausanne / StatVD, canto de Vaud type=Statistics accessdate=8 August 2014 quote=data from December 2013, !Nationality || Number || % total(foreigners)Portugal}} 10,081 7.2 (17.2)France}} 9,968 7.2 (17.0)Italy}} 6,326 4.5 (10.8)Spain}} 4,558 3.3 (7.8)Kosovo}} 2,318 1.7 (4.0)Germany}} 1,377 1.0 (2.4)Turkey}} 934 0.7 (1.6)United Kingdom}} 859 0.6 (1.5)Brazil}} 840 0.6 (1.4)Ecuador}} 828 0.6 (1.4)Serbia}} 810 0.6 (1.4)DR Congo}} 806 0.6 (1.4)Sri Lanka}} 784 0.6 (1.3)Morocco}} 749 0.5 (1.3)United States}} 724 0.5 (1.2)Belgium}} 668 0.5 (1.1)Tunisia}} 607 0.4 (1.0)China}} 604 0.4 (1.0)Canada}} 560 0.4 (1.0)Lausanne has a population ({{as of|{{Swiss populations YM|CH-VD}}|lc=on}}) of {{Swiss populations|CH-VD|5586}}.{{Swiss populations ref|CH-VD}} {{as of|2013}}, 42% of the population were resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (1999–2009) the population has changed at a rate of 9.9%. It has changed at a rate of 8.3% due to migration and at a rate of 2.6% due to births and deaths.Swiss Federal Statistical Office {{webarchive|url= |date= 5 January 2016 }}. Retrieved 21 June 2011. The population of the greater Lausanne area (grand Lausanne) is 402,900 (as of December 2014).Of the population in the municipality, 58% or 80,828 have a Swiss citizenship, while 16,908 or 12.1% are from Lausanne and still lived there in December 2013. There were 27,653 or 19.8% who are from somewhere else in the same canton, while 36,276 or 26.0% have a Swiss citizenship in another canton. 58,9562 or 42.0% have a foreign citizenship.WEB,weblink XLS, Statistics, Population totale selon l'origine, 1979-2013, French, Contrôle des Habitants de la Ville de Lausanne / StatVD, canton de Vaud,, 23 January 2014, 8 August 2014, In 2000, most of the population spoke French (98,424 or 78.8%), with German being second most common (5,365 or 4.3%) and Italian being third (4,976 or 4.0%). There were 62 people who speak Romansh.In {{as of|2008|alt=2008}} there were 840 live births to Swiss citizens and 623 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 862 deaths of Swiss citizens and 127 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 22 while the foreign population increased by 496. There were 9 Swiss men and 57 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 2230 non-Swiss men and 1802 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 883 and the non-Swiss population increased by 2221 people. This represents a population growth rate of 2.6%.Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 {{webarchive|url= |date=28 June 2010 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 19 June 2010.The age distribution, {{as of|2009|lc=on}}, in Lausanne is; 11,818 children or 9.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 12,128 teenagers or 9.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 21,101 people or 16.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 22,158 people or 17.6% are between 30 and 39, 18,016 people or 14.4% are between 40 and 49, and 13,940 people or 11.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 11,041 people or 8.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 8,277 people or 6.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 5,896 people or 4.7% who are between 80 and 89, and there are 1,171 people or 0.9% who are 90 and older.Canton of Vaud Statistical Office. {{fr icon}} Retrieved 29 April 2011.(File:Lausanne 1.jpg|thumb|View from Rue du Grand-Pont){{as of|2000}}, there were 58,100 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 48,990 married individuals, 7,797 widows or widowers and 10,027 individuals who are divorced.STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 {{webarchive|url= |date= 9 August 2013 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 2 February 2011.{{as of|2000}} the average number of residents per living room was 0.64 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.61 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least {{convert|4|m²|1|abbr=on}} as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.BOOK, Eurostat, Urban Audit Glossary, Housing (SA1), 2007,weblink 18, 12 February 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 14 November 2009, About 6.5% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).Urban Audit Glossary p. 17.File:Stair to Lausanne cathedral IMG 6529.jpg|thumb|upright|StairsStairs{{as of|2000}}, there were 62,258 private households in the municipality, and an average of 1.9 persons per household. There were 31,205 households that consist of only one person and 2,184 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 63,833 households that answered this question, 48.9% were households made up of just one person and there were 306 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 13,131 married couples without children and 11,603 married couples with children. There were 3,883 single parents with a child or children. There were 2,130 households that were made up of unrelated people, and 1,575 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.{{as of|2000|alt=In 2000}} there were 1,833 single family homes (or 23.1% of the total) out of a total of 7,925 inhabited buildings. There were 3,634 multi-family buildings (45.9%), along with 1,955 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (24.7%) and 503 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (6.3%). Of the single family homes 324 were built before 1919, while 153 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (498) were built between 1919 and 1945. The most multi-family homes (933) were built before 1919 and the next most (906) were built between 1919 and 1945. There were 180 multi-family houses built between 1996 and 2000.Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen {{webarchive|url= |date= 7 September 2014 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 28 January 2011.{{as of|2000|alt=In 2000}} there were 69,383 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 22,408. There were 9,579 single room apartments and 7,388 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 61,056 apartments (88.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 6,840 apartments (9.9%) were seasonally occupied and 1,487 apartments (2.1%) were empty. {{as of|2009}}, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.1 new units per 1000 residents.{{as of|2003}} the average price to rent an average apartment in Lausanne was 1064.08 Swiss francs (CHF) per month (US$850, £480, €680 approx. exchange rate from 2003). The average rate for a one-room apartment was 597.46 CHF (US$480, £270, €380), a two-room apartment was about 792.33 CHF (US$630, £360, €510), a three-room apartment was about 1044.64 CHF (US$840, £470, €670) and a six or more room apartment cost an average of 2024.55 CHF (US$1620, £910, €1300). The average apartment price in Lausanne was 95.3% of the national average of 1116 CHF.Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Rental prices {{Webarchive|url= |date=23 April 2010 }} 2003 data. {{de icon}} Retrieved 26 May 2010. The vacancy rate for the municipality, {{as of|2010|alt=in 2010}}, was 0.17%.

Historic population

The historical population is given in the following chart:Colors=
id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
id:darkgrey value:gray(0.8)
ImageSize = width:1100 height:500PlotArea = height:350 left: 100 bottom:90 right:100Legend = columns:3 left:220 top:70 columnwidth:160AlignBars = justifyDateFormat = x.yPeriod = from:0 till:140000TimeAxis = orientation:verticalAlignBars = justifyScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:30000 start:0ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:6000 start:0Colors=
id:TO value:yellowgreen legend:Total
id:FR value:teal legend:French_Speaking
id:GE value:green legend:German_Speaking
id:CA value:lightpurple legend:Catholic
id:PR value:oceanblue legend:Protestant
id:SW value:red legend:Swiss
color:yellowgreen width:40 mark:(line,white) align:center
bar:1850 from:start till:17108 text:"17,108" color:TO
bar:1870a from:start till:25845 text:"25,845" color:TO
bar:1888 from:start till:33340 text:"33,340" color:TO
bar:1900 from:start till:46732 text:"46,732" color:TO
bar:1910 from:start till:64446 text:"64,446" color:TO
bar:1930 from:start till:75915 text:"75,915" color:TO
bar:1950 from:start till:106807 text:"106,807" color:TO
bar:1970 from:start till:137383 text:"137,383" color:TO
bar:1990 from:start till:128112 text:"128,112" color:TO
bar:2000 from:start till:124914 text:"124,914" color:TO
LineData =
points:(300,154)(400,179) color:FR
points:(400,179)(500,206) color:FR
points:(500,206)(600,237) color:FR
points:(600,237)(700,311) color:FR
points:(700,311)(800,344) color:FR
points:(800,344)(900,329) color:FR
points:(900,329)(1000,336) color:FR
points:(300,104)(400,107) color:GE
points:(400,107)(500,114) color:GE
points:(500,114)(600,118) color:GE
points:(600,118)(700,121) color:GE
points:(700,121)(800,120) color:GE
points:(800,120)(900,107) color:GE
points:(900,107)(1000,103) color:GE
points:(100,92)(200,99) color:CA
points:(200,99)(300,101) color:CA
points:(300,101)(400,113) color:CA
points:(400,113)(500,129) color:CA
points:(500,129)(600,132) color:CA
points:(600,132)(700,158) color:CA
points:(700,158)(800,227) color:CA
points:(800,227)(900,231) color:CA
points:(900,231)(1000,208) color:CA
points:(100,130)(200,146) color:PR
points:(200,146)(300,161) color:PR
points:(300,161)(400,182) color:PR
points:(400,182)(500,205) color:PR
points:(500,205)(600,231) color:PR
points:(600,231)(700,279) color:PR
points:(700,279)(800,278) color:PR
points:(800,278)(900,211) color:PR
points:(900,211)(1000,180) color:PR
points:(100,130)(200,146) color:SW
points:(200,146)(300,161) color:SW
points:(300,161)(400,183) color:SW
points:(400,183)(500,212) color:SW
points:(500,212)(600,253) color:SW
points:(600,253)(700,333) color:SW
points:(700,333)(800,356) color:SW
points:(800,356)(900,312) color:SW
points:(900,312)(1000,291) color:SW
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed"! colspan="12" | Historic population data! Year! Total population! French-speaking! German-speaking! Catholic! Protestant! Other! Jewish! Islamic! No religion given! Swiss! Non-Swiss! scope="row" | 13th century 8,000-9,000 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"! scope="row" |1650–1680c. 5,100 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"! scope="row" |16986,204 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"! scope="row" |17647,191 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"! scope="row" |1798over 9,000 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"! scope="row" |1813c. 13,000 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"! scope="row" | 1850 17,108 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"16,101 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"1,085! scope="row" | 1870 25,845 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"22,596 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"4,167! scope="row" | 1888 33,340 style="text-align:center;"5,704 style="text-align:center;"28,431 style="text-align:center;"184 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"5,135! scope="row" | 1900 46,732 style="text-align:center;"6,627 style="text-align:center;"36,659 style="text-align:center;"473 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"9,501! scope="row" | 1910 64,446 style="text-align:center;"9,669 style="text-align:center;"46,166 style="text-align:center;"989 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"15,799! scope="row" | 1930 75,915 style="text-align:center;"11,080 style="text-align:center;"56,300 style="text-align:center;"818 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"10,684! scope="row" | 1950 106,807 style="text-align:center;"12,403 style="text-align:center;"75,559 style="text-align:center;"1,009 style="text-align:center;" style="text-align:center;"9,688! scope="row" | 1970 137,383 style="text-align:center;"11,964 style="text-align:center;"75,093 style="text-align:center;"1,394 style="text-align:center;"2,056 style="text-align:center;"31,154! scope="row" | 1990 128,112 style="text-align:center;"6,799 style="text-align:center;"48,496 style="text-align:center;"919 style="text-align:center;"14,548 style="text-align:center;"39,207! scope="row" | 2000 124,914 style="text-align:center;"5,365 style="text-align:center;"36,084 style="text-align:center;"849 style="text-align:center;"21,080 style="text-align:center;"44,701


From the Reformation in the 16th century, the city was mostly Protestant until the late 20th century, when it received substantial immigration, particularly from largely Catholic countries. Catholics now form a plurality of the city's population.From the {{as of|2000|alt=2000 census}}, 47,225 people (37.8% of the population) were Roman Catholic, while 33,993 (27.2%) belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2,698 members of an Orthodox church (2.16%), there were 65 individuals (0.05%) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 4,437 individuals (3.55%) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 849 individuals (0.68%) who were Jewish, and 7,501 (6.00%) who were Muslim. There were 452 individuals who were Buddhist, 772 individuals who were Hindu and 343 individuals who belonged to another church. 21,080 (16.88%) belonged to no church, were agnostic or atheist, and 7,590 individuals (6.08%) did not answer the question.File:LausannePano.jpg|830px|thumb|centre|upright=2.5|The Protestant Cathedral of Notre Dame dominates the Lausanne skyline (left: Old Academy, right: Palais de RuminePalais de Rumine


{{See also|Crime in Switzerland}}In 2014 the crime rate, of crimes listed in the Swiss Criminal Code, in Lausanne was 167.3 per thousand residents. During the same period, the rate of drug crimes was 49.5 per thousand residents, and the rate of violations of immigration, visa and work permit laws was 21 per thousand residents.Statistical Atlas of Switzerland. Retrieved 5 April 2016.


{{See also|Lausanne railway station|Léman RER|Lausanne Metro|Public transport in the Lausanne Region}}File:Rame m2 lausanne.JPG|thumb|left|upright=0.9|The Lausanne MetroLausanne MetroFile:Lausanne_metro_Renens_CFF.jpg|thumb|left|upright=0.9|The Lausanne Tram is completely on reserved track, single line, even underground]](File:Lausanne - Public transport map.png|thumb|right|Public transport network)Lausanne is served by an extensive network of local, national and international public transport. National and international passenger trains of the Swiss Federal Railways depart from Lausanne railway station, which is also the hub of the Réseau Express Vaudois commuter rail system, and a stop on the city's metro. The metro and local buses are operated by Transports publics de la région lausannoise (TL), with many routes run using trolleybuses. Additional commuter trains are run by the Lausanne–Echallens–Bercher railway (LEB) from Lausanne-Flon station. Ships across Lake Geneva are provided by the Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman (CGN).Lausanne became the first city in Switzerland to have a rubber-tyred metro system, with the m2 Line which opened in October 2008. The rolling stock is a shorter version of the one used on Paris Métro Line 14.BOOK, Switzerland without a Car, Bradt Travel Guides, Anthony, Lambert, 258, 978-1841624471, 2013, 5, Further expansion of the system is planned, as is the re-introduction of trams.WEB,weblink Les Axes forts - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne, City of Lausanne, 18 August 2014, Lausanne is connected to the A1 motorway on its west side (Geneva - Zürich axis) and to the A9 on its north and east side (for transit with Italy and France); the interchange between these two motorways is on the north-west side of the city.Lausanne Airport is located at Blécherette, and also houses a Boeing 737 Simulator.WEB,weblink JMS Boeing 737 Simulator,, 26 March 2013, The city is also directly linked by train to the Geneva International Airport, four times an hour, in 42min.


File:Lausanne img 0585.jpg|thumb|Aerial view of Lausanne (railway station in the centre and Parc de MilanParc de Milan{{as of|2010|In 2010}}, Lausanne had an unemployment rate of 8%. {{as of|2008}}, there were 114 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 25 businesses involved in this sector. 6,348 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 698 businesses in this sector. 83,157 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 6,501 businesses in this sector.There were 59,599 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 47.4% of the workforce. {{as of|2008|alt=In 2008}} the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 75,041. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 93, of which 56 were in agriculture, 34 were in forestry or lumber production and 3 were in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 6,057 of which 1,515 or (25.0%) were in manufacturing, 24 or (0.4%) were in mining and 3,721 (61.4%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 68,891. In the tertiary sector; 8,520 or 12.4% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 2,955 or 4.3% were in the movement and storage of goods, 4,345 or 6.3% were in a hotel or restaurant, 4,671 or 6.8% were in the information industry, 6,729 or 9.8% were the insurance or financial industry, 8,213 or 11.9% were technical professionals or scientists, 5,756 or 8.4% were in education and 14,312 or 20.8% were in health care.Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 {{webarchive|url= |date=25 December 2014 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 28 January 2011.{{as of|2000|alt=In 2000}}, there were 55,789 workers who commuted into the municipality and 19,082 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 2.9 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving. About 1.9% of the workforce coming into Lausanne are coming from outside Switzerland, while 0.1% of the locals commute out of Switzerland for work.Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb {{webarchive|url= |date= 4 August 2012 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 24 June 2010. Of the working population, 40.9% used public transportation to get to work, and 35.1% used a private car.
  • Philip Morris International, a tobacco company, has its international headquarters in Lausanne.WEB,weblink homepage,, 18 January 2016,
  • Tetra Laval, a multinational packaging corporation, has its international headquarters in Lausanne.
  • Nespresso, an operating unit of the Nestlé Group, based in Lausanne.
  • Logitech, the computer peripherals company has its headquarters in Lausanne.


File:Vue aérienne EPFL 07-2009.jpg|thumb|right|The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (photo) and the University of Lausanne form a large campus near the lake Genevalake GenevaIn Lausanne about 40,118 or (32.1%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 22,934 or (18.4%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 22,934 who completed tertiary schooling, 38.7% were Swiss men, 31.3% were Swiss women, 17.1% were non-Swiss men and 12.9% were non-Swiss women.In the 2009/2010 school year there were a total of 12,244 students in the Lausanne school district. In the Vaud cantonal school system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts.WEB,weblink STATISTIQUE VAUD - Généralités : Organigramme,, 18 January 2016, During the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 2,648 children of which 1,947 children (73.5%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton's primary school program requires students to attend for four years. There were 6,601 students in the municipal primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years and there were 5,244 students in those schools. There were also 399 students who were home schooled or attended another non-traditional school.Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Scol. obligatoire/filières de transition. {{fr icon}} Retrieved 2 May 2011.Lausanne is home to a number of museums including; the Collection de l'art brut, the Espace Arlaud, the Fondation de l'Hermitage, the Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire, the Musée cantonal de géologie, the Musée cantonal de zoologie, the Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts, the Musée de l'Élysée and the Musée historique de Lausanne.Canton of Vaud Statistical Office - Fréquentation de quelques musées et fondations, Vaud, 2001-2009. {{fr icon}} Retrieved 2 May 2011. In 2009 the Collection de l'art brut was visited by 27,028 visitors (the average in previous years was 33,356). The Espace Arlaud was visited by 9,222 visitors (the average in previous years was 14,206). The Fondation de l'Hermitage was visited by 89,175 visitors (the average in previous years was 74,839). The Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire was visited by 14,841 visitors (the average in previous years was 15,775). The Musée cantonal de zoologie was visited by 30,794 visitors (the average in previous years was 30,392). The Musée cantonal de géologie was visited by 28,299 visitors (the average in previous years was 24,248). The Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts was visited by 26,456 visitors (the average in previous years was 26,384). The Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts was visited by 28,554 visitors (the average in previous years was 22,879). The Musée de l'Élysée was visited by 36,775 visitors (the average in previous years was 37,757). The Musée historique de Lausanne was visited by 23,116 visitors (the average in previous years was 22,851).{{as of|2000}}, there were 12,147 students in Lausanne who came from another municipality, while 2,258 residents attended schools outside the municipality.


Lausanne is home to eight large libraries or collections of libraries. These libraries include: Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the library of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), the libraries of the Réseau EPFL, the Bibliothèque municipale de Lausanne, the Haute école de travail social et de la santé (EESP), the HECV Santé, the Haute école de la santé La Source and the École cantonale d'art de Lausanne (ECAL). There was a combined total ({{as of|2008|lc=on}}) of 3,496,260 books or other media in the libraries, and in the same year a total of 1,650,534 items were loaned out.Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries {{Webarchive|url= |date=6 July 2015 }}. {{de icon}} Retrieved 14 May 2010.

Tertiary education

Lausanne enjoys some world class education and research establishments (see also Lausanne campus), including private schools, attended by students from around the world.

Primary and secondary schools

{{expand section|date=February 2016}}International schools:

Culture and arts

Heritage sites of national significance

There are 46 buildings or sites that are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. Additionally, the entire old city of Lausanne and the Vernand-Dessus region are listed in the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.WEB,weblink Kantonsliste A-Objekte, 2009, KGS Inventar, Federal Office of Civil Protection, German, 25 April 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 28 June 2010, File:Casino Montbenon.jpg|The Casino de MontbenonFile:Lausanne-cathe7.JPG|Lausanne CathedralFile:CHUV Lausanne Suisse 045.JPG|University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)File:Château St-Maire.jpg|Château Saint-MaireFile:Picswiss VD-46-21.jpg|Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-FrançoisFile:St-Laurent Lausanne.jpg| Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-LaurentFile:Hermitagefoundation.jpg|Fondation de l'HermitageFile:Gare-lausanne-IMG 0002.JPG|Lausanne railway stationFile:Beau Rivage Hotel, Lausanne.jpg|Hôtel Beau-Rivage PalaceFile:TschumiMutuelleAssurance03.jpg|Administrative building of the Vaudoise AssurancesFile:Musée de l'Elysée 4.jpg|Musée de l'ÉlyséeFile:Musee olympique.jpg| Olympic Museum and Archives of the International Olympic CommitteeFile:Ouchy waterfront statue.JPG|Ouchy waterfrontFile:Lausanne synagogue.jpg|SynagogueFile:Tour sauvabelin.JPG|The Sauvabelin TowerFile:Lausanne Lausanne.jpg|Compagnie générale de navigation sur le lac Léman


File:Palais de Rumine 1.jpg|thumb|right|In addition to the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the Palais de RuminePalais de RumineThe Orchestre de chambre de Lausanne, the Lausanne Opera and the Ensemble vocal de Lausanne provide a diverse and rich musical life. The latter has been under the direction of Michel Corboz for many years.In January, the Prix de Lausanne, a famous dance competition, takes place at the Palais de Beaulieu (the biggest theatre in Switzerland{{fr}} Mathieu Signorell, "Beaulieu lâche les congrès pour les infirmiers après l'échec de Taoua", 24 heures, Saturday 14 February 2015.) over a one-week period. The event attracts dancers and some of the big names in dance from all over the world.The Swiss Film Archive is based in Lausanne and the city hosts film festivals such as the Festival cinémas d'Afrique and the Lausanne Underground Film and Music Festival. In addition to modern cinemas, the "Capitole" (in activity since 1929) is the biggest cinema in Switzerland (currently 867 seats).WEB,weblink Le Capitole,, 18 January 2016, The town hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1989. Each July, the Festival de la cité is held in the old part of town. Other music festivals include the Bach Festival, the Festival et concours Bach de Lausanne, which follows the Nuit de musées (museums' night) in the fall season.Lausanne is also the home of the Béjart Ballet.



Lausanne is also the site of many museums:
  • Archizoom
  • Musée Bolo
  • Olympic Museum (Musée olympique)
  • Musée de l'Élysée
  • {{ill|Fondation de l'Hermitage|fr}} ("Hermitage Foundation")
  • Collection of Outsider Art (Collection de l'art brut)
  • Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts (Musée de design et d'arts appliqués contemporains)
  • {{ill|Lausanne Museum of History|fr|Musée historique Lausanne}} (Musée historique de Lausanne)WEB,weblink Musée historique Lausanne, Bureau de la communication-Web & multimédia –,, 13 September 2017, Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne,
  • Musée Arlaud or "Espace Arlaud"
  • Espace des inventionsWEB,weblink Espace des inventions, espaceinventions, ("Science Center for Kids") at the {{ill|Vallée de la Jeunesse|fr}}
  • {{ill|Fondation Claude Verdan|fr|Musée de la main}}WEB,weblink Musée de la main UNIL-CHUV - Accueil - Lausanne,, - Musée de la main ("Museum of the Hand")
  • {{ill|Vivarium de Lausanne|fr}weblink
  • Cantonal Botanical Museum and Gardens (Musée et jardins botaniques cantonaux)
  • {{ill|Cantonal Museum of Money|fr|Musée monétaire cantonal de Lausanne}}WEB,weblink Monnaies et médailles: Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire,, (Musée monétaire cantonal) (formerly "Cabinet cantonal des médailles"WEB,weblink" title="">weblink Cantonal Money Museum - Official site of the City of Lausanne, 11 February 2012,, )
  • {{ill|Cantonal Museum of Archeology and History|fr|Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire de Lausanne}}WEB,weblink" title="">weblink Les musées du Canton de Vaud : Le Musée d'achéologie et histoire, 16 May 2008,, (Musée cantonal d'archéologie et d'histoire)WEB,weblink" title="">weblink Cantonal Museum of Archaeology and History - Official site of the City of Lausanne, 11 February 2012,,
  • Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts (Musée cantonal des beaux-arts)
  • Cantonal Museum of Zoology (Musée cantonal de zoologie)
  • {{ill|Cantonal Museum of Geology|fr|Musée cantonal de géologie de Lausanne}}WEB,weblink Musée cantonal de géologie,, (Musée cantonal de Géologie)
  • {{ill|Lausanne-Vidy Roman Museum|fr|Musée romain de Lausanne-Vidy}}WEB,weblink" title="">weblink Lausanne-Vidy Roman Museum - Official site of the City of Lausanne, 11 February 2012,,

Art galleries

Main contemporary art galleries

  • Galerie Lucy Mackintosh (closed)
  • Dubner ModerneWEB,weblink Dubner Moderne, Dubner Moderne,
  • SynopsismWEB,weblink - is for sale (Synopsis M),,
  • Espace Saint-FrançoisWEB,weblink A propos, E.S.F - Espace Saint-François - Art & Design - Communication globale,

Art centers or artist-run galleries

  • CircuitWEB,weblink" title="">weblink Genotec Internet Consulting AG - Hosting, IT, Development, Education, 8 June 2005,,
  • Galerie Galerie 1mweblink
  • Doll espace d'art contemporainWEB,weblink DOLL - ESPACE D'ART CONTEMPORAIN,,



File:Siege cio.jpg|thumb|The seat of the International Olympic CommitteeInternational Olympic CommitteeFile:Lausanne 2020 logo.png|thumb|Lausanne is the host city of the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics2020 Winter Youth OlympicsLausanne is home to the IOC, with water sports available on the nearby lake and mountaineering in the nearby mountains. Cycling is also a common pastime, with the vineyards in the surrounding hills providing extensive views and challenging routes.{{fact|date=December 2017}} There is an annual track and field meeting (Athletissima), road running through the city (the 20 km (12 mi) of Lausanne), the Tour de Romandie road cycling race, Marathon of Lausanne and triathlon competition, among other sports events. The two most important sports are ice hockey and football. Lausanne will host the 2020 Winter Youth OlympicsWEB, Goddard, Emily,weblink Swiss President Maurer "very excited" about Youth Olympic bid as Lausanne launches official application,, 12 July 2013, 18 January 2016, and the 2020 IIHF World Championship.

Lausanne hosts the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), and many other international sport associations:

Notable people

(File:Jean-Pascal Delamuraz.gif|thumb|140px|upright|Jean-Pascal Delamuraz)(File:Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.png|140px|thumb|Johann Ludwig Burckhardt)(File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-13738, Auguste Piccard.jpg|140px|thumb|Auguste Piccard, 1932)(File:Albert-chavannes-portrait-tn1.jpg|140px|thumb|upright|Albert Chavannes, 1903)(File:Capucine (1962).jpg|140px|thumb|Capucine, 1962)(File:Lady Elizabeth Southerden Butler (née Thompson) by Lady Elizabeth Southerden Butler (née Thompson).jpg|140px|thumb|Lady Elizabeth Butler (née Thompson))(File:Rachel Kolly d'Alba.jpg|140px|thumb|Rachel Kolly d'Alba, 2009)(File:Pierre de Coubertin Anefo2.jpg|140px|thumb|Pierre de Coubertin, 1925)(File:Princess Ubolratana 2010-12-7 2 cropped1.jpg|140px|thumb|Princess Ubol Ratana, 2010)(File:Bertrand Piccard 2015.jpg|140px|thumb|Bertrand Piccard, 2015)(File:Magnin061115.jpg|140px|thumb|Ludovic Magnin, 2006)
public service, the military & the church

science & architecture




music and dancing

royalty & the landed gentry



notorious notables

See also




Published in the 19th century
  • BOOK, Switzerland, Karl Baedeker, Coblenz, 1863,

Published in the 20th century
  • {{Citation |publisher = Karl Baedeker |location = Leipzig |title = Switzerland, Together with Chamonix and the Italian Lakes |edition=26th |date = 1922 |oclc = 4248970 |chapterurl =weblink |chapter= Lausanne |ol = 23344482M }}

External links

{{Commons category|Lausanne}}{{Wikivoyage}} {{-}}{{Lausanne}}{{Municipalities of the district of Lausanne}}{{Cantonal capitals of Switzerland}}{{Cities in Switzerland}}{{Eurovision Song Contest}}{{Youth Olympic Games Host Cities}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Lausanne" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 7:14am EDT - Sun, Oct 20 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott