aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{EngvarB|date=December 2017}}{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2012}}

}}{{nobold> (朝鮮人)}}}}| flag_caption = Korean Unification Flagborder|300px)Hanbok>traditional costume| pop = {{circa}} 83 millionKorean Peninsula (50.42 million + 25.3 million) + Korean diaspora (7–7.42 million)South Korea}}{{nbspPUBLISHER=STATISTICS KOREA ACCESSDATE=30 MARCH 2014, {{flag6}}25,300,000 (2014 estimate)HTTP://WWW.PRB.ORG/PUBLICATIONS/DATASHEETS/2013/2013-WORLD-POPULATION-DATA-SHEET/WORLD-MAP.ASPX#MAP/EAST_ASIA/POPULATION/2013>TITLE=2013 WORLD POPULATION DATA SHEET INTERACTIVE WORLD MAPACCESS-DATE=30 MARCH 2014ARCHIVE-DATE=30 MARCH 2014DF=DMY-ALL, Diaspora {{as of|2017|lc=on}} {{circa}} 7–7.43 millionBOOK, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, South Korea, 2017, 2018-08-28,weblink 재외동포현황(2017)/Total number of overseas Koreans (2017), China}}Koreans in China>2,548,030| ref1 = United States}}Korean Americans>2,492,252| ref2 = Japan}}Koreans in Japan>818,626| ref3 = Canada}}Korean Canadians>240,942| ref4 = Uzbekistan}}Koreans in Uzbekistan>181,077| ref5 = Australia}}Korean Australians>180,004| ref6 = Russia}}Koreans in Russia>169,638| ref7 = Vietnam}}Koreans in Vietnam>124,458| ref8 = Kazakhstan}}Koreans in Kazakhstan>109,133| ref9 = Philippines}}Koreans in the Philippines>93,093| ref10 = Brazil}}Koreans in Brazil>51,531| ref11 = Germany}}Koreans in Germany>40,170| ref12 = United Kingdom}}Koreans in the United Kingdom>39,934| ref13 = New Zealand}}Korean New Zealanders>33,403| ref14 = Indonesia}}Koreans in Indonesia>31,091| ref15 = Argentina}}Koreans in Argentina>23,194| ref16 = Thailand}}Koreans in Thailand>20,500| ref17 = Singapore}}Koreans in Singapore>20,346| ref18 = Kyrgyzstan}}Koreans in Kyrgyzstan>19,035| ref19 = France}}Koreans in France>16,251| ref20 = Malaysia}}Koreans in Malaysia>13,122| ref21 = Ukraine}}Koreans in Ukraine>13,070| ref22 = Mexico}}Koreans in Mexico>11,673| ref23 = United Arab Emirates}}Koreans in the United Arab Emirates>10,852| ref24 = Cambodia}}| pop25 = 10,089| ref25 = India}}Koreans in India>10,390| ref26 = Taiwan}}Koreans in Taiwan>6,293| ref27 = Tajikistan}}Koryo-saram>6,000| ref28 = Guatemala}}Koreans in Guatemala>5,312| ref29 = Paraguay}}Koreans in Paraguay>5,090| ref30 = Spain}}Koreans in Spain>4,520| ref31 = Iraq}}Koreans in the Arab world#Iraq>1,540| ref32 = Korean language>Korean{{Ethnologue17|kor}}Irreligion>irreligious or folk religion. Minorities: Christianity in Korea (predominantly Protestantism, also Roman Catholic Church>Catholics), Korean Buddhism, Korean shamanism, Confucianism, Cheondoism and Islam.HTTPS://2009-2017.STATE.GOV/DOCUMENTS/ORGANIZATION/256325.PDF >TITLE=INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT: DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA (DPRK) 2015 PUBLISHER=BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR QUOTE=IN A 2002 REPORT ... THE GOVERNMENT REPORTED THERE WERE 12,000 PROTESTANTS, 10,000 BUDDHISTS, AND 800 ROMAN CATHOLICS. THE REPORT NOTED THAT CHEONDOISM, A MODERN RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT BASED ON 19TH CENTURY KOREAN NEO-CONFUCIAN MOVEMENT, HAD APPROXIMATELY 15,000 PRACTITIONERS. CONSULTING SHAMANS AND ENGAGING IN SHAMANISTIC RITUALS IS REPORTEDLY WIDESPREAD BUT DIFFICULT TO QUANTIFY., HTTPS://2009-2017.STATE.GOV/DOCUMENTS/ORGANIZATION/256327.PDF >TITLE=INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT: REPUBLIC OF KOREA 2015 PUBLISHER=BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR QUOTE=ACCORDING TO A 2010 SURVEY, APPROXIMATELY 24 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IS BUDDHIST; 24 PERCENT PROTESTANT; 8 PERCENT ROMAN CATHOLIC; AND 43 PERCENT PROFESSES NO RELIGIOUS BELIEF. FOLLOWERS OF ALL OTHER RELIGIOUS GROUPS ... TOGETHER CONSTITUTE LESS THAN 1 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION., | native_name = | native_name_lang = | related_groups = }}{{Korean people}}{{Culture of Korea}}Koreans (; Hanja: 韓民族, 韓國人, 韓國사람; RR: Hanminjok, Hanguk-in, Hanguksaram in South Korean; alternatively ; Hanja: 朝鮮民族, 朝鮮人, 朝鮮사람; RR: Joseonminjok, Joseonin, Joseonsaram in North Korean, {{Literal translation|"Korean race"}}; see names of Korea) are an East Asian ethnic group native to Korea and southwestern Manchuria.JOURNAL, Wang, Yuchen, Lu Dongsheng, Chung Yeun-Jun, Xu Shuhua, Genetic structure, divergence and admixture of Han Chinese, Japanese and Korean populations, Hereditas, 155, 19, 2018,weblink 10.1186/s41065-018-0057-5, 29636655, 5889524, JOURNAL, Wang, Yuchen, Lu, Dongsheng, Chung, Yeun-Jun, Xu, Shuhua, Genetic structure, divergence and admixture of Han Chinese, Japanese and Korean populations, Hereditas, 155, 19, April 6, 2018, 10.1186/s41065-018-0057-5, 29636655, 5889524, 2018, BOOK,weblink A History of Korea: From "Land of the Morning Calm" to States in Conflict, Jinwung, Kim, 22 March 2018, Indiana University Press, Google Books, 978-0253000248, BOOK, The Making of International Law in Korea: From Colony to Asian Power, Lee, Seokwoo, 2016, 978-9004315785, 321, BOOK, Ethnicity and Foreigners in Ancient Greece and China, Kim, Hyunjin, Bloomsbury Academic, 21 May 2009, 140, Koreans mainly live in the two Korean states: North Korea and South Korea (collectively and simply referred to as Korea). They are also an officially recognized ethnic minority in China, Japan, the Philippines, and Vietnam, plus in a number of Post-Soviet states, such as Russia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Over the course of the 20th century, significant Korean communities have formed in the Americas (especially in the United States and Canada) and Oceania.As of 2017, there were an estimated 7.4 million ethnic Koreans residing outside Korea.


{{see also|Names of Korea}}South Koreans refer to themselves as Hanguk-in (; Hanja: 韓國人), or Hanguk-saram (), both of which mean "Korean country people." When including members of the Korean diaspora, Koreans often use the term Han-in ({{Korean|hangul=한인|hanja=韓人}}; {{Literal translation|"Korean people"}}).North Koreans refer to themselves as Joseon-in (; Hanja: 朝鮮人) or Joseon-saram (), both of which literally mean "Korean [Joseon] people". The term is derived from the Joseon dynasty, a Korean kingdom founded by Yi Seonggye that lasted for approximately five centuries from 1392 to 1910. Using similar words, Koreans in China refer to themselves as Chaoxianzu ({{zh|c=朝鲜族}}) in Chinese or Joseonjok, Joseonsaram () in Korean, which are cognates that literally mean "Joseon ethnic group".BOOK, The Making of International Law in Korea: From Colony to Asian Power, Lee, Seokwoo, 2016, 978-9004315785, 321, BOOK, Ethnicity and Foreigners in Ancient Greece and China, Kim, Hyunjin, Bloomsbury Academic, 21 May 2009, 140, Koreans in Japan refer to themselves as Zainichi Chousenjin, Chousenjin () in Japanese or Jaeil Joseonin, Joseonsaram, Joseonin ({{korean|hangul=재일조선인, 조선사람, 조선인}}) in KoreanIn the chorus of the South Korean national anthem, Koreans are referred to as Daehan-saram (, {{Literal translation|Great Korean people}}).Ethnic Koreans living in Russia and Central Asia refer to themselves as Koryo-saram (; Cyrillic: Корё сарам), alluding to Goryeo, a Korean dynasty spanning from 918 to 1392.


Linguistic and archaeological studies

Modern Koreans are suggested to be the descendants of the ancient people who settled in the northern Korean Peninsula, historically said to be Siberian.BOOK, Nelson, Sarah M., The Archaeology of Korea, ENCYCLOPEDIA,weblink ko:한민족, Korean people, ko, Doosan Encyclopædia, NAVER Corp., 9 March 2007, Archaeological evidence suggests that proto-Koreans were migrants from Manchuria during the Bronze Age.JOURNAL, Ahn, Sung-Mo, The emergence of rice agriculture in Korea: archaeobotanical perspectives, Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2, 2, June 2010, 89–98, 1866-9557, 10.1007/s12520-010-0029-9, According to several linguists and historians the linguistic homeland of proto-Korean and of the early Koreans is located somewhere in Manchuria. Later, Koreanic-speakers already present in northern Korea started to expand further south, replacing and or assimilating Japonic-speakers and likely causing the Yayoi migration.JOURNAL, Janhunen, Juha, 2010, RReconstructing the Language Map of Prehistorical Northeast Asia, Studia Orientalia, ... there are strong indications that the neighbouring Baekje state (in the southwest) was predominantly Japonic-speaking until it was linguistically Koreanized., 108, Vovin, Alexander (2013). "From Koguryo to Tamna: Slowly riding to the South with speakers of Proto-Korean". Korean Linguistics. 15 (2): 222–240. Whitman (2012) suggests that the proto-Koreans arrived in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula at around 300 BCe and coexisted with the descendants of the Japonic Mumun cultivators (or assimilated them).JOURNAL, Whitman, John, 2011-12-01, Northeast Asian Linguistic Ecology and the Advent of Rice Agriculture in Korea and Japan,weblink Rice, en, 4, 3, 149–158, 10.1007/s12284-011-9080-0, 1939-8433, Linguistic evidence indicates speakers of proto-Korean languages were established in southeastern Manchuria and northern Korean peninsula by the Three Kingdoms of Korea period, and migrated from there to southern Korea during this period.JOURNAL, Vovin, Alexander (2008). From Koguryo to Tamna: Slowly Riding to the South with Speakers of Proto-Korean, Korean Linguistics, 15, The largest concentration of dolmens in the world is found on the Korean Peninsula. In fact, with an estimated 35,000-100,000 dolmen,{{sfn|Nelson|1993|p=147}} Korea accounts for nearly 70% of the world's total. Similar dolmens can be found in Manchuria, the Shandong Peninsula and the Kyushu island, yet it is unclear why this culture only flourished so extensively on the Korean Peninsula and its surroundings compared to the bigger remainder of Northeastern Asia.


Stephen Pheasant (1986), who taught anatomy, biomechanics and ergonomics at the Royal Free Hospital and the University College, London, said that Far Eastern people have proportionately shorter lower limbs than Europeans and Black Africans. Pheasant said that the proportionately short lower limbs of Far Eastern people is a difference that is most characterized in Japanese people, less characterized in Korean and Chinese people, and the least characterized in Vietnamese and Thai people.Pheasant, Stephen. (2003). Bodyspace: Anthropometry, ergonomics and the design of work (2nd. ed.). Taylor & Francis. Page 159. Retrieved March 14, 2018, from Google Books.JOURNAL, Buckle, Peter, 1996, Obituary, Work & Stress, 10, 3, 282, 10.1080/02678379608256807, Neville Moray (2005) said that, for Korean and Japanese pilots, sitting height is more than 54% of their stature, with about 46% of their stature from leg length. Moray said that, for Americans and most Europeans, sitting height is about 52% of their stature, with about 48% of their stature from leg length.Moray, Neville. (2005). Ergonomics: The history and scope of human factors. London and New York: Taylor & Francis. Page 298. ISBN: 0-415-32258-8 Google Books link.


In a craniometric study, Pietrusewsky (1994) found that the Japanese series, which was a series that spanned from the Yayoi period to modern times, formed a single branch with Korea.Kumar, Ann. (2009). Globalizing the Prehistory of Japan: Language, Genes and Civilisation. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. Page 79 & 88. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from link. Later, Pietrusewsky (1999) found, however, that Korean and Yayoi people were very highly separated in the East Asian cluster, indicating that the connection that Japanese have with Korea would not have derived from Yayoi people.Park Dae-kyoon et al. (2001) said that distance analysis based on thirty-nine non-metric cranial traits showed that Koreans are closer craniometrically to Kazakhs and Mongols than Koreans are close craniometrically to the populations in China and Japan.JOURNAL, Park, Dae-kyoon, etal, 2001, Non-metric Traits of Korean Skulls, Korean Journal of Physical Anthropology, 14, 2, 10.11637/kjpa.2001.14.2.117, 117,

Genetics{{anchor|Genetic studies}}

Studies of polymorphisms in the human Y-chromosome have so far produced evidence to suggest that the Korean people have a long history as a distinct, mostly endogamous ethnic group, with successive waves of people moving to the peninsula and two major Y-chromosome haplogroups.JOURNAL, Y chromosome homogeneity in the Korean population, 10.1007/s00414-010-0501-1, 20714743, 124, 6, International Journal of Legal Medicine, 653–657, 2010, Hee Kim, Soon, The reference population for Koreans used in Geno 2.0 Next Generation is 94% Eastern Asia and 5% Southeast Asia & Oceania.Reference Populations - Geno 2.0 Next Generation . (2017). The Genographic Project. Retrieved 15 May 2017, from link.


Korea Foundation Associate Professor of History, Eugene Y. Park said that many Koreans seem to have a genealogical memory blackout before the twentieth century.Eugene Y. Park. (n.d.). Penn Arts & Sciences East Asian Languages and Civilizations. Retrieved January 24, 2018, from link. {{Webarchive|url= |date=11 November 2017 }}Eugene Y. Park, from the 7:06 mark of the YouTube video to the 7:38 mark of the YouTube video, said, "Secondly, on the one hand, so many Koreans seem to talk, to be able to tell, one, something about his or her Gyeongju Kim ancestors, of a Silla kingdom two-thousand years ago. And yet, such a person is unlikely to be able to tell you something about his or her great-great-grandparents, what they were doing hundred years ago, what their occupations were, where they were living, where their family graves are. In other words, a memory blackout, before the twentieth century." According to him the vast majority Koreans do not know their actual genealogical history. Through "inventing tradition" in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, families devised a kind of master narrative story that purports to explain a surname-ancestral seat combination's history to the extent where it is next to impossible to look beyond these master narrative stories.Eugene Y. Park, from the 16:54 mark of the YouTube video to the 18:54 mark of the YouTube video, said, "So, from this point on, then, I would like to survey, how the Koreans descended. Koreans, depending on their ancestors' status category, have dealt with genealogy and ancestry consciousness, in the last, differently, in the last two centuries. And, of course, most Koreans are not descendants of aristocrats, but, the, but what happened in the last hundred fifty, hundred to hundred fifty years, is that those Koreans, the vast majority of Koreans have lost memory of their actual history, in the sense where now, any outside observer who might ask a Korean person about ancestry, would be left with the impression that every Korean is now of aristocratic descent. So let me begin with the aristocracy. In the early modern era, the kind of a master narrative, stories that purport to explain a particular surname-ancestral seat combination's history, crystallize, they became set in stone, through inventing tradition. In the seventeenth and eighteenth century, many, all families devise such a stories, to the extent where, now today in Korea, anybody who is interested in tracing his or her ancestry, has to deal with such master narratives, but at the same time it is next to impossible to look beyond master narratives. In other words, in Korea, today, there's little sense of doing the kind of doing the genealogical research that you and I would do in the United States, by looking at Census documents, and other types of documentation, that have been passed down through generations, or, have been maintained by the government." He gave an example of what "inventing tradition" was like from his own family's genealogy where a document from 1873 recorded three children in a particular family and a later 1920 document recorded an extra son in that same family.Eugene Y. Park, from the 28:32 mark of the YouTube video to the 29:21 mark of the YouTube video, said, "This is an example. Here we see records that gives us a better sense of what inventing tradition was like. Here, a page from an eighteen seventy-three Miryang Pak family genealogy. Here's a man, indicated inside the circle named, Ju ((wikt:冑#Korean|冑)). He had three sons: Eun-gyeong, Hyeon-gyeong, Won-gyeong ((wikt:子#Korean|子)(wikt:恩#Korean|恩)(wikt:慶#Korean|慶), (wikt:子#Korean|子)(wikt:賢#Korean|賢)(wikt:慶#Korean|慶), (wikt:子#Korean|子)(wikt:元#Korean|元)(wikt:慶#Korean|慶)). But the edition that was published a bit later in the nineteen twenty, so we see the same man, Ju, and, under him, we see sons: Eun-gyeong, Hyeon-gyeong, Won-gyeong and, the extra, the fourth son, out of nowhere, Tōkhwa ((wikt:子#Korean|子)(wikt:徳#Korean|徳)(wikt:華#Korean|華)). Actually, this is my family. So, this was commonly done in the modern era, the children, son out of nowhere or claims that we were left out centuries ago, and please include us." Park said that these master narratives connect the same surname and ancestral seat to a single, common ancestor. This trend became universal in the nineteenth century, but genealogies which were published in the seventeenth century actually admit that they did not know how the different lines of the same surname or ancestral seat are related at all.Eugene Y. Park, from the 18:55 mark of the YouTube video to the 19:30 mark of the YouTube video, said, "And, these master narratives, genealogically connect all descent lines of a same surname and ancestral seat, to a single, common, ancestor. And, this was the pattern that was, that became universal by the nineteenth century. Whereas, genealogies published in the seventeenth century, actually, frankly admit that we do not know how these different lines of the same surname or ancestral seat are related or connected at all. So, all these changes took place only in the last two hundred years or so." Only a small percentage of Koreans had surnames and ancestral seats to begin with, and that the rest of the Korean population had adopted these surname and ancestral seat identities within the last two to three hundred years.Eugene Y. Park, from the 46:17 mark of the YouTube video to the 47:02 mark of the YouTube video, said, "At any rate, so, once, so, based on one's surname Kim, let's say, and the ancestral seat, Kimhae, which is the most common ancestral seat among Kim surname Koreans, one can then look up, consult reference books, encyclopedias, go online to, find all these stories about different branches, famous individuals who are Kimhae Kim. But the problem is, of course, before the early modern era, only a small percentage of Koreans had surnames and the ancestral seat to begin with. In other words, the rest of the population had adopted these identities in the last two-three hundred years, so where does one go from there? And, this was definitely my challenge when I was a child."


File:CheongWaDae Children Day 01.jpg|thumb|Children's Day in Cheong Wa Dae. Former South Korean President Park Geun-hyePark Geun-hyeNorth Korea and South Korea share a common heritage, but the political division since 1945 has resulted in some divergence of their modern cultures.


The language of the Korean people is the Korean language, which uses Hangul as its main writing system with a minor use of Hanja. There are more than 78 million speakers of the Korean language worldwide.WEB,weblink Korean, ethnologue, 1 January 2013,


(File:Korea-Seoul-Royal wedding ceremony 1365-06.JPG|thumb|Traditional Korean royal wedding ceremony)Large-scale emigration from Korea began as early as the mid-1860s, mainly into the Russian Far East and Northeast China or what was historically known as Manchuria; these populations would later grow to more than two million Koreans in China and several hundred thousand Koryo-saram (ethnic Koreans in Central Asia and the former USSR).BOOK, Overseas Koreans, Lee Kwang-kyu, Jimoondang, Seoul, 2000, 978-89-88095-18-8, CONFERENCE, The Economic Status and Role of Ethnic Koreans in China, The Korean Diaspora in the World Economy, Kim, Si-joong, Ch. 6: 101–131, Institute for International Economics,weblink 2003, During the Korea under Japanese rule of 1910–1945, Koreans were often recruited and or forced into labour service to work in mainland Japan, Karafuto Prefecture (Sakhalin), and Manchukuo; the ones who chose to remain in Japan at the end of the war became known as Zainichi Koreans, while the roughly 40 thousand who were trapped in Karafuto after the Soviet invasion are typically referred to as Sakhalin Koreans.NEWS, Ban, Byung-yool, Koreans in Russia: Historical Perspective, 22 September 2004, 20 November 2006,weblink Korea Times, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 18 March 2005, dmy, JOURNAL,weblink Legal Categories, Demographic Change and Japan's Korean Residents in the Long Twentieth Century, Nonzaki, Yoshiki, Inokuchi, Hiromitsu, Kim, Tae-Young, The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 4, 9, 4 September 2006, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 25 January 2007, dmy-all,

South Korea

In June 2012, South Korea's population reached 50 millionNEWS, South Korea's population passes 50 million,weblink 22 July 2012, usurped,weblink" title="">weblink 2013-08-28, and by the end of 2016, South Korea's population has surpassed 51 million people.WEB,weblink Population, total {{!, Data||language=en-us|access-date=2018-04-12}} Since the 2000s, South Korea has been struggling with a low birthrate, leading some researchers to suggest that if current population trends hold, the country's population will shrink to approximately 38 million population towards the end of the 21st century.These estimates are based on UN population division of 2017 version. In 2018, fertility in South Korea became again a topic of international debate after only 26,500 babies were born in October and an estimated of 325,000 babies in the year, causing the country to have the lowest birth rate in the world.WEB,weblink S. Korea's childbirth tally drops to another historic low in October …, 2019-01-23,, 2019-01-23, NEWS,weblink South Korea's fertility rate is the lowest in the world, 2018-06-30, The Economist, 2019-01-23, 0013-0613, WEB,weblink Fertility rate dips below 1 in 2018: official, 2019-01-30,, 2019-01-30,

North Korea

{{further|Demographics of North Korea}}File:Panmunjeom inside barack.jpg|thumb|North Korean soldiers in the Joint Security AreaJoint Security AreaEstimating the size, growth rate, sex ratio, and age structure of North Korea's population has been extremely difficult. Until release of official data in 1989, the 1963 edition of the North Korea Central Yearbook was the last official publication to disclose population figures. After 1963 demographers used varying methods to estimate the population. They either totalled the number of delegates elected to the Supreme People's Assembly (each delegate representing 50,000 people before 1962 and 30,000 people afterwards) or relied on official statements that a certain number of persons, or percentage of the population, was engaged in a particular activity. Thus, on the basis of remarks made by President Kim Il-sung in 1977 concerning school attendance, the population that year was calculated at 17.2 million persons. During the 1980s, health statistics, including life expectancy and causes of mortality, were gradually made available to the outside world.{{Loc|article=North Korea: A Country Study|url=|author=Savada, Andreas Matles, ed. (1994)|accessdate=27 July 2013}} Fourth ed. Washington: Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. {{ISBN|0-8444-0794-1}}.In 1989, the Central Bureau of Statistics released demographic data to the United Nations Population Fund in order to secure the UNFPA's assistance in holding North Korea's first nationwide census since the establishment of the state in 1948. Although the figures given to the United Nations might have been distorted, it appears that in line with other attempts to open itself to the outside world, the North Korean regime has also opened somewhat in the demographic realm. Although the country lacks trained demographers, accurate data on household registration, migration, and births and deaths are available to North Korean authorities. According to the United States scholar Nicholas Eberstadt and demographer Brian Ko, vital statistics and personal information on residents are kept by agencies on the ri ("village", the local administrative unit) level in rural areas and the dong ("district" or "block") level in urban areas.

Korean Americans

Korean emigration to the U.S. was known to have begun as early as 1903, but the Korean American community did not grow to a significant size until after the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965; as of 2017, excluding the undocumented and uncounted, roughly 1.85 million Koreans emigrants and people of Korean descent live in the United States according to the official figure by the US Census.WEB,weblink,, The Greater Los Angeles Area and New York metropolitan area in the United States contain the largest populations of ethnic Koreans outside of Korea or China. Significant Korean populations are present in China, Japan, and Canada as well. There are also Korean communities in Latin American countries such as Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. During the 1990s and 2000s, the number of Koreans in the Philippines and Koreans in Vietnam have also grown significantly.NEWS,weblink Ho Chi Minh Money Trail, Kelly, Tim, 18 September 2006, Forbes, 27 March 2007, NEWS,weblink "Korean Wave" in Philippines, Meinardus, Ronaldo, 15 December 2005, 16 February 2007,weblink" title="">weblink 13 January 2006, yes, The Korea Times, dmy, Koreans in the United Kingdom now form Western Europe's largest Korean community, albeit still relatively small; Koreans in Germany used to outnumber those in the UK until the late 1990s. In Australia, Korean Australians comprise a modest minority. Koreans have migrated significantly since the 1960s. Now they form an integral part in society especially in Business, Education and Cultural areas.The Korean population in the United States represents a small share of the US economy, but has a disproportionately positive impact. Korean Americans have a savings rate double that of the U.S. average and also graduate from college at a rate double that of the U.S. average, providing a highly skilled and educated addition to the U.S. workforce. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's Census 2000 data, mean household earnings for ethnic Koreans in the U.S. was $59,981, approximately 5.1% higher than the U.S. average at the time of $56,604.WEB,weblink American FactFinder,, 4 May 2012,

Part-Korean populations

Pak Noja said that there were 5,747 Japanese-Korean couples in Korea at the end of 1941.Tikhonov, Vladimir. (2013). Korean-Japanese Marriages in 1920s-40s Korean Prose. University of Texas at Austin Center for East Asian Studies. Retrieved 31 May 2017, from link. Pak Cheil estimated there to be 70,000 to 80,000 "semi-Koreans" in Japan in the years immediately after the war.Lie, John. (2008). Zainichi (Koreans in Japan): Diasporic Nationalism and Postcolonial Identity. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 89. Retrieved 31 May 2017, from link.


File:Korean costume-Hanbok-children.jpg|Korean children in traditional costumeFile:Korean costume-Hanbok-Dangui-Seuranchima-01.jpg|Women in traditional costumeFile:Korean.costume-Wonsam-for.Queen.Joseon-01.jpg|South Korean woman dressed as a Joseon queenFile:Korean wedding-Hollye-03-cropped.jpg|A traditional-style Korean wedding in November 2006File:COREANS.jpg|Korean men, 1871File:Corean_man._Middle_class.jpg|Young Korean man of the middle class, 1904File:Korea-History-1910-1920-Korean.mother.child-Carpenter.Collection.jpg|Korean mother and daughter, 1910–1920

See also




  • 서의식 and 강봉룡. 뿌리 깊은 한국사, 샘이 깊은 이야기: ê³ ì¡°ì„ , 삼국, {{ISBN|89-8133-536-2}}
  • BOOK, harv, Barnes, Gina Lee, The Rise of Civilization in East Asia: The Archaeology of China, Korea and Japan,weblink 1993, Thames and Hudson, 978-0-500-27974-8,
  • BOOK, harv, Nelson, Sarah M., The Archaeology of Korea,weblink 1993, Cambridge University Press, 978-0-521-40783-0,

Further reading

  • BOOK, Breen, Michael, The Koreans: Who They Are, What They Want, Where Their Future Lies, 2004, St. Martin's Press, New York, 978-1-4668-6449-8,

External links

{{Commons category|Koreans}} {{Authority control}}{{Korea topics}}{{East Asian topics |state=expanded}}{{Korean diaspora}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Koreans" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 2:34pm EDT - Sat, Aug 24 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott