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Khovd Province

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Khovd Province
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{{About|the province of Mongolia||Khovd (disambiguation)}}{{Short description|Province (aimag) of Mongolia}}







factoids
{{MongolUnicode|ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ}}| native_name_lang = mnProvinces of Mongolia>Province| image_skyline = Sangiin Kerem Kobdo.jpg| image_alt =| image_caption = Ruins of a fortress in Khovd Province| image_flag = Khovd stars flag.svg| flag_alt =| image_seal = | seal_alt =| image_shield = Mn coa khovd aimag 2014.svg| shield_alt =| nickname =| motto =| image_map = Khovd in Mongolia.svg| map_alt =| map_caption = | pushpin_map =| pushpin_label_position =| pushpin_map_alt =| pushpin_map_caption =47N45display=inline,title}}| coor_pinpoint =| coordinates_footnotes =| subdivision_type = Country| subdivision_name = {{MNG}}| established_title = EstablishedKhovd (city)>Khovd| government_footnotes =| leader_party =| leader_title = | leader_name = | unit_pref = Metric| area_footnotes =| area_total_km2 = 76133.38| area_land_km2 =| area_water_km2 =| area_water_percent =| area_note = | elevation_footnotes =| elevation_max_m = 4204| population_footnotes =| population_total = 87363| population_as_of = 2017| population_density_km2 = auto| population_demonym = | population_note = | timezone1 = UTC+7| utc_offset1 =| timezone1_DST =| utc_offset1_DST =| postal_code_type =| postal_code =| area_code_type =| area_code = +976 (0)143| registration_plate_type =| registration_plate = ХО_| iso_code = MN-043khovd.gov.mn}}| footnotes =}}Khovd () is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the west of the country. Its capital is also named Khovd.The Khovd province is approximately 1,580 km from Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital. It takes its name from the Khovd River, which is located in this province.

Population

Khovd is distinguished by its multi-cultural population. It is home to more than 17 nationalities and ethnicities. Each of these groups has its own distinct traditional dwelling and settlement pattern, dress and other cultural distinctions, literary, artistic, and musical traditions. {| class="wikitable"Khovd Aimak Statistical Office. 1983-2008 Dynamics Data Sheet {{webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110722221549weblink |date=2011-07-22 }}national censuses data!Ethnicgroup!!Mongolianname!! 1979!!%!!1989!!%!!2000!!%Khalkha>|27.45Zakhchin >|24.93Kazakhs>KazakhКазак9,42515.0612,81416.7410,00511.52Torguud >|8.06Olots >|7.49Altai Uriankhai >|7.59|6.04Myangad >|4.94Tuvans>Tuvan Тува--2390.317240.83Bayads>Bayad Баяд1290.212270.303770.43Chantuu/Uyghur >|0.30Khoshuud >|0.17|0.23|0.02Total >62,565>100.00>76,553>100.00>86,831>|100.00The Khovd aimag population growth stopped in 1991, then migration out of the aimag (approx. 20,000 in 1992-2004) compensated the natural increase and confined aimag’s population within the limits of 87 thousand to 92 thousand since.{| class="wikitable"Statoids (Gwillim Law) web pageNational Statistical Office {{webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070607183346weblink |date=2007-06-07 }}National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981, GeoHive: Global StatisticsKhovd Aimag Statistical Office 2007 Annual Report! 1956 census! 1960 est.! 1969 census! 1979 census! 1981 est.! 1989 census! 1995 est.! 2000 census! 2006 census! 2010 census| 82, 204

Climate

Khovd is notorious for its harsh weather cycles, as temperatures regularly reach as high as {{convert|40|C|F|disp=or}} during summer and as low as {{convert|−30|C|F|disp=or}} during winter. The climate is dry, as it receives approximately the same average annual precipitation of Phoenix, Arizona.

Rivers

The major rivers are:

Lakes

Mountains

Altai Mountains

Transportation

The Khovd Airport (HVD/ZMKD) has two runways, one of which is paved, and gets served by regular flights from and to Ulaanbaatar, Mörön, and Bulgan. And flights are planned to Ürümqi city of Xingjiang.

Economy

The region around the Khovd city is famous in Mongolia for its watermelon crop. There is a sizable hydroelectric dam-building project underway that will theoretically generate enough electricity to power the three most western aimags (Uvs, Bayan-Ölgii, and Khovd).{{fact|date=January 2019}} The city of Khovd is connected to the Russian power grid and subject to blackouts if it falls behind in its payments. Domestic and international tourism and sports hunting are a sizable industry of Khovd province. The natural environment, fresh and salt water lakes, mountains, valleys, caves, ancient rock paintings and fortresses are other sightseeing attractions.{{fact|date=January 2019}}Animal herding is the main economy of this province. {| class="wikitable"|+ Number of livestockAnnual livestock census data. The National Statistical Office of Mongolia.weblink ! 1950 census! 1960 census! 1970 census! 1980 census! 1990 census! 2000 census! 2005 census! 2010 census! 2014 census| 2,625,577

Administrative subdivisions

missing image!
- Mongolia Khovd sum map.png -
Sums of Khovd Aimag
The aimag capital Khovd is geographically located in the Buyant sum, but is administered as independent Jargalant sum. The administrative center of the Khovd Sum is also called Khovd, which is a common source of confusion. The other administrative centers carry the name of the respective Sum as well.{| class="wikitable"Sum (subnational entity)>sums of Khovd Aimag! Sum! Mongolian! Population1979 census! Population1991 est.! Population2007 est.! Population2010 est.! Major Ethnic.! Sum CentrePopulation! Area(km²)! Density(/km²)! Distancefrom Khovdcity(km)Altai, Khovd>Altai 2,141 2,7123,2342 849Zahchin76713,1440.25310Bulgan, Khovd>Bulgan 7,052 9,169 9,6348 262Torguud3,1718,1041.19335Buyant, Khovd>Buyant 3,361 4,386 3,5332 673Halh/Tuva1,5683,7590.9619Chandmani, Khovd>Chandmani 2,311 2,963 3,1552 469Halh6896,0160.52160Darvi, Khovd>Darvi 2,402 2,775 2,5962 362Halh5795,6040.47204Dörgön, Khovd>Dörgön 1,715 2,555 3,0152 266Dorvod6594,1280.73106Duut, Khovd>Duut 1,675 2,189 2,0941 287Urianhai5022,1460.9876Erdenebüren, Khovd>Erdenebüren 2,258 3,210 3,3721 995Oold6962,7721.2260Jargalant, Khovd>Jargalant* 17,620 26,877 29,20729 012Halh/Mixed28,601*70417.240Khovd, Khovd>Khovd 3,927 4,850 4,5892 722Halh7192,8301.6327Mankhan, Khovd>Mankhan 3,273 4,352 4,5263 480Zahchin1,2584,3301.0580Mönkhkhairkhan, Khovd>Mönkhkhairkhan 1,811 2,337 2,5541 955Urianhai/Zahchin7442,5541.06155Möst, Khovd>Möst 3,239 4,092 3,5772 939Zahchin8093,9270.91180Myangad, Khovd>Myangad 2,940 4,552 3,6622 615Myangad7133,2581.1235Tsetseg, Khovd>Tsetseg 2,189 2,645 2,5312 423 Halh5703,4910.72216Üyench, Khovd>Üyench 2,575 3,913 4,7604 024Zahchin1,4527,4760.64305Zereg, Khovd>Zereg 2,388 3,092 3,0782 727Zahchin7962,5241.23130
  • - The aimag capital Khovd

References

{{Reflist}}{{Geographic location|Centre = Khovd Province|North = Uvs Province|Northeast = Zavkhan Province|East = Govi-Altai Province|Southeast = China}}Xinjiang, China|Southwest = |West = |Northwest = Bayan-Ölgii Province}}{{Provinces of Mongolia}}

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