SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Julian Bigelow

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Julian Bigelow
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
Julian Bigelow (March 19, 1913 – February 17, 2003) was a pioneering American computer engineer.File:Julian Bigelow.jpg|thumb|Julian Bigelow at The Princeton Institute for Advanced Study (Left to right: Julian Bigelow, Herman Goldstine, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and John von NeumannJohn von Neumann

Life

Bigelow was born in 1913 in Nutley, New Jersey.Staff. A COMMUNITY OF SCHOLARS: The Institute for Advanced Study Faculty and Members 1930-1980, p. 58. Institute for Advanced Study, 1980. Accessed November 20, 2015. "Bigelow, Julian Himely NS, Computer Science, Applied Mathematics Born 1913 Nutley, NJ." He obtained a master's degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studying electrical engineering and mathematics. During World War II, he assisted Norbert Wiener in his research on automated fire control for anti-aircraft guns, leading to the development of the so-called Wiener filter.Bigelow coauthored (with Wiener and Arturo Rosenblueth) one of the founding papers on cybernetics and modern teleology, titled "Behavior, Purpose and Teleology." This paper mulled over the way mechanical, biological, and electronic systems could communicate and interact. This paper instigated the formation of the Teleological Society and later the Macy conferences. Bigelow was an active member of both organizations. He was a visiting scholar for many years at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of ScholarsWhen John von Neumann sought to build one of the very first digital computers at the Institute for Advanced Study, he hired Bigelow in 1946 as his "engineer," on Wiener's recommendation. The computer Bigelow built following von Neumann's design is called the IAS machine, although it was also called the MANIAC, a name that was later transferred to the successful clone of this machine at Los Alamos. Because von Neumann did not patent the IAS and wrote about it freely, 15 clones of the IAS were soon built. Nearly all general-purpose computers subsequently built are recognizable as influenced by the IAS machine's design.Bigelow died on February 17, 2003 in Princeton, New Jersey.NEWS, Julian Bigelow, 89, Mathematician and Computer Pioneer, John Markoff, February 22, 2003, New York Times,weblink

References

{{reflist}}

Further reading

  • BOOK, George B. Dyson, 1997, Darwin among the Machines, Da Capo Press, 978-0-7382-0030-9,weblink George Dyson (science historian),
  • NEWS, John Markoff, February 22, 2003, Julian Bigelow, 89, Mathematician and Computer Pioneer, NY Times Press,weblink John Markoff,
  • BOOK, George Dyson, 2012, Turing's Cathedral, Pantheon Books, 978-0-375-42277-5,weblink George Dyson (science historian),

External links

  • WEB, George Dyson at the birth of the computer, George Dyson, TED talks, March 2003,weblink May 26, 2011,
  • WEB, Computer Oral History Collection, 1969-1973, 1977, Richard R. Mertz, Smithsonian National Museum of American History, January 20, 1971,weblink April 9, 2012,
{{US-engineer-stub}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Julian Bigelow" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 9:47am EDT - Tue, Aug 21 2018
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 18 AUG 2014
Wikinfo
Culture
CONNECT