Jon Stewart

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Jon Stewart
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New York City, New York (state)>New York, U.S.|medium = Stand-up, television, film, books|active = 1987–presentPolitical satire>Political/news satire, observational comedy, blue comedy, surreal humor, insult comedy, deadpanMass media/news media/media studies>media criticism, Politics of the United States, Jewish culture, News>current events, pop cultureTracey McShane|2000}}|children = 2}}Jon Stewart (born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; November 28, 1962) is an American comedian, writer, producer, director, political commentator, actor, and television host. He hosted The Daily Show, a satirical news program on Comedy Central, from 1999 to 2015.Stewart started as a stand-up comedian but branched into television as host of Short Attention Span Theater for Comedy Central. He went on to host The Jon Stewart Show and then You Wrote It, You Watch It, both on MTV. Stewart has also appeared in several films, such as Big Daddy (1999) and Death to Smoochy (2002), but did few cinematic projects after becoming host of The Daily Show in 1999. He was also a writer and co-executive producer of the show. After Stewart joined, The Daily Show steadily gained popularity and critical acclaim, and during his tenure, The Daily Show won 22 Primetime Emmy Awards.Stewart is known as an outspoken, humorous critic of personality-driven media shows, in particular, those of the U.S. media broadcast networks such as CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC. Critics say Stewart benefits from a double standard: he critiques other news shows from the safe, removed position of his "news satire" desk;MAGAZINE, Tucker, Ken, You Can't Be Serious!, New York (magazine), New York, November 1, 2004,weblink July 26, 2006, Ken Tucker, NEWS, April 23, 2008,weblink CNN Crossfire, CNN, Stewart asserts that neither his show nor Comedy Central purport to be anything other than satire and comedy. In spite of its self-professed entertainment mandate, The Daily Show has been nominated for news and journalism awards among its accolades. Stewart hosted the 78th and 80th Academy Awards. He is the co-author of (America (The Book)|America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction), which was one of the best-selling books in the U.S. in 2004,NEWS,weblink USA Today, The top 100 selling books of 2004, December 20, 2004, November 6, 2006, and (Earth (The Book)|Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race), released in 2010.Since leaving The Daily Show, Stewart has for the most part maintained a low profile, with his sustained advocacy for 9/11 first responders being a notable exception.NEWS, Gold, Michael, How Jon Stewart Became a Fierce Advocate for 9/11 Responders,weblink 12 June 2019, The New York Times, June 12, 2019,

Early life

Jon Stewart was born Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz on November 28, 1962,WEB,weblink Meet Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz (aka) Jon Stewart: The wildly zeitgeisty Daily Show host, Jeremy Gillick, Nonna Gorilovskaya, November–December 2008, Moment (magazine), Moment, August 26, 2014, Marian, a teacher turned creative educational consultant, was the daughter of Nathan Laskin, JOURNAL,weblink Jon Stewart, TV Guide, April 7, 2015, in New York City, to Marian (née Laskin), a teacher and later educational consultant, and Donald Leibowitz, a professor of physics at The College of New Jersey and Thomas Edison State College.WEB,weblink No joke: Stewart's dad taught at college,, September 15, 2009, February 23, 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 11, 2011, WEB, Leibowitz, The Times (Trenton), The Times, Trenton, New Jersey, June 9, 2013,weblink Stewart's family are Jewish immigrants to America from Poland, Ukraine and Belarus. One of his grandfathers was born in Manzhouli (now part of Inner Mongolia).NEWS, The Huffington Post,weblink Hey Jon Stewart, February 25, 2013, He is the second of four sons, with older brother Lawrence and younger brothers Dan and Matthew.Stewart's parents divorced when he was eleven years old, and Stewart was largely estranged from his father. Because of his strained relationship with his father, which in 2015 he described as "still 'complicated'", he dropped his surname and began using his middle name, Stuart. Stewart stated, "There was a thought of using my mother's maiden name, but I thought that would be just too big a fuck you to my dad ... Did I have some problems with my father? Yes. Yet people always view [changing my surname] through the prism of ethnic identity."Freeman, Hadley (April 18, 2015). "Jon Stewart: why I quit The Daily Show ". The Guardian He had his surname legally changed to Stewart in 2001.WEB, The Smoking Gun: Archive, The Smoking Gun,weblink February 18, 2007,weblink" title="">weblink December 31, 2006, dead, mdy-all, Stewart and his brother Lawrence, who was previously the Chief Operating Officer of NYSE Euronext (parent company of the New York Stock Exchange),NEWS,weblink MarketWatch, Jon Stewart's brother leaving NYSE, New York Post, HYP Holdings, Inc., November 26, 2013, October 30, 2014, NEWS, Johnson, Fawn, May 11, 2010, NYSE Executive Is Quizzed — About His Brother, Jon Stewart, Washington Wire, The Wall Street Journal,weblink July 6, 2015, grew up in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, where they attended Lawrence High School. According to Stewart, he was subjected to anti-Semitic bullying as a child.MAGAZINE, Maureen, Dowd, Maureen Dowd,weblink America's Anchors, Rolling Stone, November 16, 2006, October 9, 2007,weblink" title="">weblink December 27, 2006, He describes himself in high school as "very into Eugene Debs and a bit of a leftist."WEB, Adato, Alison, Anchor Astray, George (magazine), George, 2000,weblink March 29, 2006,weblink" title="">weblink January 16, 2005, dead, Stewart grew up in the era of the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal, which inspired in him "a healthy skepticism towards official reports". His first job was working with his brother at a Woolworth's store, and jokingly says being fired by Lawrence was one of the "scarring events" of his youth.Stewart graduated in 1984 from The College of William & Mary in Virginia, where he played on the soccer team and initially majored in chemistry before switching to psychology.VIDEO, October 22, 2010, Bloomberg Game Changers: Jon Stewart,weblink Television production, Bloomberg Television, October 24, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 25, 2010, While at William & Mary, Stewart became a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity,WEB,weblink Pikes,, February 19, 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink September 21, 2013, but later disassociated himself from the fraternity and left after six months.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, October 13, 2008, The Top 49 Men of 2010,, February 19, 2013, "My college career was waking up late, memorizing someone else's notes, doing bong hits, and going to soccer practice," he later said.NEWS, Chris Smith, The Man Who Should Be Conan, 1994,weblink New York (magazine), New York, November 2, 2014, His soccer coach would later describe him as a "good player" with "high energy".WEB, Jon Stewart: College Soccer Star Named "Leibo",weblink SportsGrid, February 19, 2016, After college, Stewart held numerous jobs: a contingency planner for the New Jersey Department of Human Services, a contract administrator for the City University of New York, a puppeteer for children with disabilities, a soccer coach at Gloucester High School in Virginia, a caterer, a busboy, a shelf stocker at Woolworth's, a bartender at the Franklin Corner Tavern (a local blue-collar bar), and a bartender at the legendary City Gardens in Trenton, New Jersey.NEWS,weblink MTV Has a Hit With Words By Jon Stewart, The New York Times, Gerston, Jill, March 13, 1994, March 9, 2008, He has said that working at City Gardens was a pivotal moment for him: "finding this place City Gardens was like, 'Oh, maybe I'm not a giant weirdo. Maybe there are other people who have a similar sense of yearning for something other than what they have now.' I think it inspired a lot of people, man. It was a very creative environment. It was a place of great possibility."WEB,weblink Jon Stewart on Bartending at a Famous Punk Club – Vulture, Chris Wilson, Vulture, March 13, 2015,


Early work

With a reputation for being a funny man in school, Jon Stewart returned to New York City in 1986 to try his hand at the comedy club circuit, but he could not muster the courage to get on stage until the following year.NEWS,weblink He Has Faith in His Jokes, Los Angeles Times, McLellan, Dennis, May 27, 1993, June 3, 2008, He made his stand-up debut at The Bitter End, where his comedic idol, Woody Allen, also began.MAGAZINE, Speidel, Maria,weblink Prince of Cool Air, People (magazine), People, April 4, 1994, February 12, 2019, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 4, 2014, He began using the stage name "Jon Stewart" by dropping his last name and changing the spelling of his middle name "Stuart" to "Stewart". He often jokes this is because people had difficulty with the pronunciation of Leibowitz or it "sounded too Hollywood" (a reference to Lenny Bruce's joke on the same theme).WEB,weblink Nighttime Talk, MTV Style, The Record (Bergen County), The Record, Howard, Susan, 1994, June 3, 2008, He has implied that the name change was actually due to a strained relationship with his father, with whom Stewart no longer had any contact.NEWS,weblink The Oscar for best satirist goes to ..., The Observer, February 26, 2006, Harris, Paul, October 21, 2008, London, Stewart became a regular at the Comedy Cellar, where he was the last performer every night. For two years, he would perform at 2 a.m. while developing his comedic style.EPISODE, Jon Stewart, Sit Down Comedy with David Steinberg, Sit Down Comedy with David Steinberg, Sit Down Comedy with David Steinberg, TV Land, March 14, 2007, 2, 4, In 1989, Stewart landed his first television job as a writer for Caroline's Comedy Hour. In 1990, he began co-hosting Comedy Central's Short Attention Span Theater, with Patty Rosborough.NEWS, Weiner, Jonah, Comedy Central in the Post-TV Era,weblink November 6, 2017, New York Times, June 21, 2015,weblink November 7, 2017, dead, In 1992, Stewart hosted the short-lived You Wrote It, You Watch It on MTV, which invited viewers to send in their stories to be acted out by the comedy troupe, The State.NEWS, Gerston, Jill, MTV Has a Hit With Words By Jon Stewart,weblink November 6, 2017, New York Times, March 13, 1994, Stewart felt his career did not take off until a March 1993 appearance on NBC's Late Night with David Letterman. He was considered a finalist to take over Letterman's position upon his departure from the program, but it was instead given to relatively unknown Conan O'Brien.

The Jon Stewart Show

Later in 1993, Stewart developed The Jon Stewart Show, a talk show on MTV. The Jon Stewart Show was the first talk show on that network and was an instant hit, becoming the second-highest rated MTV show behind Beavis and Butt-Head.WEB,weblink New York's Mr. Schmooze, Kaplan, Michael, TV Guide, February 19, 1994, June 21, 2007,weblink October 26, 2009, In 1994, Paramount canceled The Arsenio Hall Show and, with new corporate sibling MTV (through MTV parent Viacom's acquisition of the studio), launched an hour-long syndicated late-night version of The Jon Stewart Show. Many local affiliates had moved Hall's show to 2 a.m. during its decline and Stewart's show inherited such early morning time slots in many cities. Ratings were dismal and the show was canceled in June 1995.MAGAZINE, Lisa de Moraes,weblink [Watch] Jon Stewart To Larry Wilmore: "What Did You Do, Piss Off Peter Thiel?", Deadline, August 19, 2016, August 19, 2018, Among the fans of the show was David Letterman, who was the final guest of The Jon Stewart Show. Letterman signed Stewart with his production company, Worldwide Pants.WEB,weblink Comic Stewart Set to Head CBS Talker, The Plain Dealer, June 6, 1996, June 3, 2008, Stewart then became a frequent guest host for Tom Snyder on The Late Late Show with Tom Snyder, which was produced by Letterman and aired after the Late Show on CBS. This led to much speculation that Stewart would soon replace Snyder permanently,NEWS,weblink Stewart to Sub â€“ Not Take Over â€“ for Snyder, USA Today, Johnson, Peter, October 1, 1996, June 3, 2008, but Stewart was instead offered the time slot after Snyder's, which he turned down.NEWS,weblink What's the Deal With Stewart?, New York Post, Adaliang, Josef, November 25, 1997, June 3, 2008, In 1996 Stewart hosted a short-lived talk show called Where's Elvis This Week? It was a half-hour, weekly comedy television program that aired on Sunday nights in the United Kingdom on BBC Two. It was filmed at the CBS Broadcast Center in New York City and featured a set of panelists, two from the UK and two from the United States, who discussed news items and cultural issues. The show premiered in the UK on October 6, 1996; five episodes aired in total. Notable panelists included Dave Chappelle, Eddie Izzard, Phill Jupitus, Nora Ephron, Craig Kilborn, Christopher Hitchens, Armando Iannucci, Norm Macdonald, and Helen Gurley Brown. In 1997, Stewart was chosen as the host and interviewer for George Carlin's 10th HBO special, 40 Years of Comedy.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart Interview With George Carlin From 1997 Is Amazing (VIDEO), The Huffington Post, Horowitz, Alana, April 7, 2013, September 4, 2016,

The Daily Show

In 1999, Stewart began hosting The Daily Show on Comedy Central when Craig Kilborn left the show to replace Tom Snyder on The Late Late Show. The Daily Show blends humor with the day's top news stories, usually in politics, while simultaneously poking fun at politicians, newsmakers, and the news media itself. In an interview on The O'Reilly Factor, Stewart denied the show has any intentional political agenda, saying the goal was "schnicks and giggles." "The same weakness that drove me into comedy also informs my show," meaning that he was uncomfortable talking without hearing the audience laugh.WEB, April 23, 2008,weblink Jon Stewart on The O'Reilly Factor, YouTube, In his first Daily Show on-air appearance on January 11, 1999, Stewart told his guest that evening, Michael J. Fox, that he felt like "this is my bar mitzvah." WEB, Gillick, Jeremy, Meet Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz,weblink 13 June 2019, "Stewart does not offer us cynicism for its own sake, but as a playful way to offer the kinds of insights that are not permitted in more serious news formats that slavishly cling to official account of events."Bennett, Lance W. "Relief in Hard Times: A Defense of Jon Stewart's Comedy in an Age of Cynicism." Critical Studies in Media Communication. 24.3 (2007): 278-283. Print.Until Trevor Noah permanently took over the show, Stewart hosted almost all airings of the program, except for a few occasions when correspondents such as Stephen Colbert, Rob Corddry, Jason Jones and Steve Carell subbed for him, and during John Oliver's stint as host during the summer of 2013. Stewart has won a total of twenty Primetime Emmy Awards for The Daily Show as either a writer or producer, and two for producing The Colbert Report (2013–14), winning a total of twenty-two Primetime Emmy Awards, having the most wins for a male individual.NEWS, Jon Stewart Comedic Genres, Salon,weblink November 24, 2015, January 17, 2015, In 2005, Stewart and The Daily Show received the Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album for the audiobook edition of (America (The Book)|America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction). In 2000 and 2004, the show won two Peabody Awards for its coverage of the U.S. presidential elections in those years, called "Indecision 2000" and "(The Daily Show: Indecision 2004|Indecision 2004)", respectively.60th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2001.64th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2005.File:Jon Stewart and Michael Mullen on The Daily Show.jpg|thumb|left|Stewart interviewing Admiral Michael Mullen on The Daily ShowThe Daily ShowThe show of September 20, 2001, the first show after the attacks of September 11, 2001, began with no introduction.WEB,weblink September 11, 2001, Comedy Central, September 11, 2001, September 1, 2015,weblink" title="">weblink September 1, 2015, live, Before this, the introduction included footage of a fly-in towards the World Trade Center and New York City. The first nine minutes of the show included a tearful Stewart discussing his personal view on the event. His remarks ended as follows:In mid-2002, amid rumors that David Letterman was going to switch from CBS to ABC when his contract ran out, Stewart was rumored as Letterman's replacement on CBS.MAGAZINE, Hiatt, Brian, David Letterman will stay at CBS,weblink Entertainment Weekly, March 11, 2002, March 29, 2008, Ultimately, Letterman renewed his contract with CBS. On the March 9, 2002, episode of Saturday Night Live, hosted by Stewart, a Weekend Update sketch poked fun at the situation.In late 2002, ABC offered Stewart his own talk show to air right before Nightline. Stewart's contract with The Daily Show was near expiring, and he expressed strong interest. ABC, however, decided to give another Comedy Central figure, Jimmy Kimmel, the pre-Nightline slot.WEB, Carter, Bill,weblink In the Land of the Insomniac, the Narcoleptic Wants to Be King, The New York Times, November 3, 2002, On April 4, 2006, Stewart confronted U.S. Senator John McCain on The Daily Show about his decision to appear at Liberty University, an institution founded by Jerry Falwell, whom McCain had previously denounced as one of the "agents of intolerance".WEB,weblink Making Right Turn, McCain Embraces Falwell, ABC News, April 14, 2006, October 8, 2008, WEB,weblink John McCain on The Daily Show, July 26, 2006, Madison, Lincoln, April 5, 2006, The Third Path, Blogspot, In the interchange, Stewart asked McCain, "You're not freaking out on us? Are you freaking out on us, because if you're freaking out and you're going into the crazy base world—are you going into crazy base world?" McCain replied, "I'm afraid so." The clip was played on CNN and created a surge of articles across the blogosphere.NEWS, Candy Crowley, Wolf Blitzer,weblink Transcripts: The Situation Room, The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer, The Situation Room, CNN, March 15, 2006, July 26, 2006, Candy Crowley, Wolf Blitzer, WEB, April 4, 2006,weblink John McCain on The Daily Show, Comedy Central, In 2007, The Daily Show was involved in former correspondent Stephen Colbert's announcement that he would run for president in 2008. In 2008, Stewart appeared on the news program Democracy Now!WEB,weblink "Jon Stewart of "The Daily Show" Weighs in on Sarah Palin, Hurricane Gustav and the Media's Coverage of the Conventions", September 1, 2008, A 2008 New York Times story questioned whether he was, in a phrase originally used to describe longtime network news anchor Walter Cronkite, "the most trusted man in America".NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Is Jon Stewart the Most Trusted Man in America?, August 15, 2008, Michiko, Kakutani, On April 28, 2009, during a discussion on torture with Clifford May, Stewart expressed his opinion that former President Harry S. Truman was a war criminal for his use of the atomic bomb on Japan during World War II.MAGAZINE,weblink Jon Stewart's apology to Harry Truman, The Week, September 17, 2010, NEWS,weblink Dennis Perrin: Why Did Jon Stewart Apologize?,, May 3, 2009, September 17, 2010, He defended his assertion moments later:"Here's what I think of the atom bombs. I think if you dropped an atom bomb fifteen miles offshore and you said, 'The next one's coming and hitting you', then I would think it's okay. To drop it on a city, and kill a hundred thousand people? Yeah. I think that's criminal." On April 30, 2009, Stewart apologized on his program, and stated he did not believe Truman was a war criminal:WEB,weblink Harry Truman Was Not a War Criminal - Video Clip | Comedy Central, The Daily Show, April 30, 2009, August 24, 2014, "I shouldn't have said that, and I did. So I say right now, no, I don't believe that to be the case. The atomic bomb, a very complicated decision in the context of a horrific war, and I walk that back because it was in my estimation a stupid thing to say."WEB,weblink History News Network,, May 3, 2009, September 17, 2010, In April 2010, Comedy Central renewed Stewart's contract to host The Daily Show into 2013.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart's Punching Bag, Fox News, Stelter, Brian, April 23, 2010, The New York Times, April 24, 2010, MAGAZINE, April 23, 2008,weblink Who Makes How Much, New York magazine, According to a Forbes list of celebrities in 2008, he was earning $14 million a year.MAGAZINE, July 22, 2008,weblink The Celebrity 100,, June 11, 2008, On September 16, 2010, Stewart and Stephen Colbert announced a rally for October 30, known as the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear. It took place on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. and attracted an estimated 215,000 participants.NEWS,weblink CBS News, Jon Stewart Rally Attracts Estimated 215,000, Brian, Montopoli, October 30, 2010, December 30, 2010, In December 2010, Stewart was credited by the White House and other media and political news outlets for bringing awareness of the Republican filibuster on the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act to the public, leading to the ultimate passing of the bill which provides health benefits to first responders whose health has been adversely affected by their work at Ground Zero.NEWS,weblink White House Lauds Jon Stewart for Pushing Passage of 9/11 Health Bill, Madison, Lucy, December 24, 2010, CBS News, December 30, 2010, On the show of January 10, 2011, Stewart began with a monologue about the shootings in Tucson, Arizona.Snyder, Steven James "The Night Shift: Jon Stewart Confronts the Arizona Shootings, Makes a Passionate Appeal For Sanity and Hope", TIME Magazine Online; retrieved February 18, 2011. He said he wished the "ramblings of crazy people didn't in any way resemble how we actually talk to each other on television".Linkins, Jason "Stewart, Colbert Draw Contrasts In Response To Tucson Shooting", Huffington Post Online; retrieved February 18, 2011. Before commercial break, Stewart told viewers that the show would continue as usual the next night. After commercial break, the show featured a rerun of a field piece done by Jason Jones two years earlier.WEB, Estes, Adam Clark, Jon Stewart on shooting: No idea how to process this, January 11, 2011, Salon (website), Salon,weblink January 15, 2011, The New York Times opined that he is "the modern-day equivalent of Edward R. Murrow"NEWS,weblink News Analysis; Jon Stewart's Advocacy Role in 9/11 Bill Passage, Carter, Bill, Brian Stelter, December 27, 2010, The New York Times, December 30, 2010, and the UK national newspaper The Independent called him the "satirist-in-chief".NEWS,weblink The serious side of Jon Stewart, Adams, Guy, December 30, 2010, The Independent, December 30, 2010, UK, In an interview, Senator John McCain described Stewart as "a modern-day Will Rogers and Mark Twain".NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart's secret White House visits, Samuelsohn, Darren, Politico, August 3, 2015, WEB, The Original Jon Stewart,weblink OZY, February 19, 2016, Sean, Braswell, Wyatt Cenac said that Stewart cursed him out after Cenac acknowledged he was uncomfortable about a June 2011 Daily Show bit about Republican Presidential candidate Herman Cain (reported in July 2015).WEB,,weblink Jon Stewart Told Wyatt Cenac to 'F*ck Off' When He Was Challenged About Race, E. Alex, Jung, July 23, 2015, PODCAST,weblink Episode 622 - Wyatt Cenac, July 23, 2015, WTF with Marc Maron, In March 2013, it was announced that Stewart would be taking a 12-week hiatus from The Daily Show to direct the film Rosewater, based on the book Then They Came for Me by Maziar Bahari.NEWS, O'Connell, Michael,weblink Jon Stewart to Take Summer Break from 'Daily Show' to Direct a Movie, The Hollywood Reporter, March 5, 2013, WEB,weblink The Daily Show, June 6, 2013, June 12, 2013, Beginning June 10, 2013, The Daily Show correspondent John Oliver assumed primary hosting duties during Stewart's break.WEB,weblink The Daily Show, June 10, 2013, June 18, 2013, TV Guide{{'}}s annual survey for 2013 star salaries showed that Stewart was the highest-paid late night host, making an estimated $25–30 million per year.MAGAZINE, TV's Highest Paid Stars: What They Earn,weblink TV Guide, August 21, 2013, On July 14, 2014, Stewart interviewed Hillary Clinton about the Middle East. Clinton's condemnations of Hamas led Stewart to ask her: "But don't you think they would look at that though as, they've given a lot of different things a chance and these are the only guys to them that are giving any resistance to what their condition is?" For Gazans living in that situation, he said Hamas could be viewed as "freedom fighters".Hillary Clinton vs Jon Stewart on Gaza,; accessed September 23, 2015.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Confronts Hillary over 'Humanitarian Crisis' in Gaza, July 16, 2014, On August 1, 2014, Stewart stated on air that "We cannot be Israel's rehab sponsor and its drug dealer".YouTube; accessed September 23, 2015.Jon Stewart's betrayal of Israel,, December 2, 2014.During a taping of the show on February 10, 2015, Stewart announced he was leaving The Daily Show.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart says he's leaving The Daily Show,, March 13, 2015, Comedy Central president Michele Ganeless confirmed Stewart's retirement with a statement.Jon Stewart to step down as host of The Daily Show {{webarchive|url= |date=February 11, 2015 }},; accessed September 23, 2015. It was later announced that South African comedian Trevor Noah would succeed Stewart as the host of the show.WEB, Grow, Kory, Jon Stewart Is Ready for 'Next Iteration' of 'The Daily Show',weblink Rolling Stone, On April 20, 2015, Stewart indicated that his final show would be on August 6, 2015.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Announces When He's Leaving The Daily Show, Josh, Feldman, April 20, 2015, Mediaite, April 20, 2015, On July 28, 2015, Darren Samuelsohn of Politico reported that Stewart had been twice at the White House for previously unreported meetings with President Obama: once in October 2011 and once in February 2014. Michael D. Shear of The New York Times also picked up on the story.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart Met Privately With Obama at White House, Shear, Michael D., July 28, 2015, New York Times, August 3, 2015, Stewart responded on his show by pointing out that the meetings were listed in the president's publicly available visitor log and that he has been asked to meet privately by many prominent individuals including Roger Ailes of Fox News. He said Obama encouraged him not to make young Americans cynical about their government, and Stewart replied that he was actually "skeptically idealistic".NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart: Meeting with Obama wasn't a secret, Bauder, David, July 30, 2015, Yahoo!, August 3, 2015, On August 5, 2015, Stewart's longtime friend of 30 years comedian Louis C.K. was selected to be the last guest before the final Daily Show episode with Stewart helming the show. C.K. joked that he was there "representing comedy to say good job".WEB,weblink Exclusive - Louis C.K. Extended Interview - The Daily Show with Jon Stewart (Video Clip), Comedy Central, The hour-plus-long final Daily Show on August 6 featured reunions with former correspondents and cameo video clips from people Stewart had targeted over the years including Bill O'Reilly, John McCain, Chris Christie, and Hillary Clinton. It concluded with a performance by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band.NEWS,weblink Laughs and Some Tears as Jon Stewart Hosts Last 'Daily Show', Helsel, Phil, August 7, 2015, NBC News, August 7, 2015, August 7, 2015,weblink" title="">weblink live,

HBO projects

In November 2015, it was announced that Stewart signed a four-year deal with HBO that would include exclusive digital content for HBO NOW, HBO Go and other platforms.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Inks Four-Year Deal With HBO to Create Digital Content, NBC News, November 3, 2015, HBO programming president Casey Bloys has said that "the idea is it will be an animated parody of a cable news network with an Onion-like portal."NEWS,weblink HBO's New Chief Talks Jon Stewart, 'Vinyl' Demise, Violence Problems and 'Thrones' End, The Hollywood Reporter, May 21, 2017, en, The team began working with cloud graphics company OTOY to build a system for creating content.WEB,weblink The Staff Of Jon Stewart's Mysterious New HBO Show Is Testing Out Material In Suburban New Jersey, Marotta, Jenna, March 14, 2017, Decider, May 21, 2017, Confirmed to be working on the project included Mike Brown, Steve Waltien, Chelsea Devantez, Lucy Steiner, Kate James, and Robby Slowik.WEB,weblink The Staff Of Jon Stewart's Mysterious New HBO Show Is Testing Out Material In Suburban New Jersey, March 14, 2017, Decider {{!, Where To Stream Movies & Shows on Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Instant, HBO Go|access-date=May 21, 2017}} The team tested material in Red Bank, New Jersey at The Count Basie Theatre Performing Arts Academy.The show's premiere was moved several times, from fall 2016,NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart's HBO Show Will Be Animated Cable-News Parody, Holloway, Daniel, July 30, 2016, Variety, May 21, 2017, en-US, to the first quarter of 2017,NEWS,weblink 'Westworld' Renewed for Second Season, Likely Returning 2018, November 14, 2016,, May 21, 2017, en-US, and then cancelled on Tuesday, May 23, 2017.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart and HBO Scrap Animated Project, The Hollywood Reporter, May 24, 2017, en, The cancelation statement read:In July 2017, HBO announced Stewart would produce a stand-up comedy special for the network, his first stand-up special since 1996.WEB, Yvonne Villarreal,weblink Two Jon Stewart comedy specials are coming to HBO,, August 19, 2018,

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert

Since 2015, Stewart has presented occasional comedic monologues filled with political and media commentary on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.MAGAZINE,weblink Jon Stewart Urges Public to "Prevail" Against Trump's "Cruelty", Hollywood Reporter, June 28, 2018, August 19, 2018, WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Reunites With Stephen Colbert, Mocks Trump's Executive Orders,, August 19, 2018, MAGAZINE,weblink Jon Stewart Returns to Stephen Colbert's 'Late Show,' Bashes Fox News' Embrace of Donald Trump, Hollywood Reporter, July 22, 2016, August 19, 2018, MAGAZINE,weblink Jon Stewart on Stephen Colbert's 'Late Show': Donald Trump Impression (Video), Hollywood Reporter, December 11, 2015, August 19, 2018,


File:Jon Stewart Earth book 2 Shankbone.jpg|thumb|upright|Stewart at the launch of his book, Earth (The Book)Earth (The Book) In 1998, Stewart released his first book, Naked Pictures of Famous People, a collection of humorous short stories and essays. The book reached The New York Times Best Seller List.BOOK, Naked Pictures of Famous People, September 22, 1999, 0688171621, Stewart, Jon, registration,weblink In 2004, Stewart and The Daily Show writing staff released (America (The Book)|America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction), a mock high-school history textbook offering insights into the unique American system of government, dissecting its institutions, explaining its history and processes, and satirizing such popular American political precepts as "one man, one vote"; "government by the people"; and "every vote counts". The book sold millions of copies upon its 2004 release and ended the year as a top-fifteen best seller.In 2005, Stewart provided the voice of President James A. Garfield for the audiobook version of Sarah Vowell's Assassination Vacation.WEB,weblink Simon & Schuster's Assassination Vacation Audio Book Promo page, December 20, 2011, In 2007, Stewart voiced Mort Sinclaire, former TV comedy writer and communist, on Stephen Colbert's audiobook version of I Am America (And So Can You!).NEWS, Solomon, Deborah,weblink Funny About the News, New York Times Magazine, September 25, 2005, January 5, 2008, In 2010, Stewart and The Daily Show writing staff released a sequel to their first book called (Earth (The Book)|Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race). The book is meant to serve as a Baedeker travel guide for an alien civilization that discovers Earth after humanity has died out, most likely by its own hands.MAGAZINE,weblink Earth (The Book) (2010), Staskiewicz, Keith, September 8, 2010, Entertainment Weekly, September 24, 2010, In March 2012, Stewart interviewed Bruce Springsteen for Rolling Stone.MAGAZINE, Stone, Rolling,weblink Jon Stewart Interviews Bruce Springsteen for Rolling Stone,, March 7, 2012, August 24, 2014,


Although best known for his work on The Daily Show, Stewart has had roles in several films and television series. His first film role was a bit part in the box-office bomb Mixed Nuts. He landed a minor part in The First Wives Club, but his scene was deleted.NEWS,weblink Out of the Club, USA Today, Vigoda, Arlene, Susan Wloszczyna, August 27, 1996, June 3, 2008, In 1995, Stewart signed a three-year deal with Miramax.NEWS,weblink Entertainment Weekly, Monitor, November 17, 1995, March 3, 2007, He played romantic leads in the films Playing by Heart and Wishful Thinking. He had a supporting role in the romantic comedy Since You've Been Gone and in the horror film The Faculty. Other films were planned for Stewart to write and star in, but they were never produced. Stewart maintained a relationship with Miramax founders Harvey and Bob Weinstein and appeared in films they produced including Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back, Doogal and the documentary Wordplay.He appeared in Half Baked as an "enhancement smoker" and in Big Daddy as Adam Sandler's roommate; he has joked on the Daily Show and in the documentary The Aristocrats that to get the role he slept with Sandler. Stewart often makes fun of his appearances in the high-profile flop Death to Smoochy,NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart looks Oscar in the eye, USA Today, Levin, Gary, February 19, 2006, June 4, 2008, in which he played a treacherous television executive; and the animated film Doogal,NEWS,weblink CNN Larry King Live: Interview With Jon Stewart, Larry King Live, CNN, February 27, 2006, June 4, 2008, where he played a blue spring named Zeebad who shot a freeze ray from his mustache. In 2007, Stewart made a cameo appearance as himself in Evan Almighty, which starred former Daily Show correspondent Steve Carell. In the movie, Stewart was seen on a television screen in a fictional Daily Show episode poking fun at Carell's character for building an ark.Stewart had a recurring role in The Larry Sanders Show, playing himself as an occasional substitute and possible successor to late-night talk show host Larry Sanders (played by Garry Shandling). In 1998, Stewart hosted the television special, Elmopalooza, celebrating 30 years of Sesame Street. He has guest-starred on other sitcoms including The Nanny, Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist, Spin City, NewsRadio, American Dad!, and The Simpsons. He has also made guest appearances on the children's television series Between the Lions, Sesame Street, Jack's Big Music Show, and Gravity Falls.


In the mid-1990s, Stewart launched his own production company, Busboy Productions, naming the company about his previous job as a busboy. Stewart signed a deal with Miramax to develop projects through his company, but none of his ideas have been produced. After Stewart's success as host and producer of The Daily Show, he revived Busboy Productions with Daily Show producers Ben Karlin and Rich Korson. In 2002, Busboy planned to produce a sitcom for NBC starring Stephen Colbert, but the show did not come to fruition.NEWS, Jon Stewart: TV Mogul, E! Online, February 15, 2005, In 2005, Comedy Central reached an agreement with Busboy in which Comedy Central would provide financial backing for the production company. Comedy Central has a first-look agreement on all projects, after which Busboy is free to shop them to other networks.MAGAZINE,weblink Comedy Inks Deal with Stewart's Busboy, Larson, Megan, Adweek, February 18, 2005, October 8, 2008, NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart, Comedy Central Sign Deal, Boucher, Geoff, The Los Angeles Times, February 18, 2005, October 8, 2008, The deal spawned the Daily Show spin-off The Colbert Report and its replacement The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore. Other projects include the sitcom pilot Three Strikes, the documentary Sportsfan, the series Important Things with Demetri Martin, and the film The Donor.WEB,weblink Stewart stamp on 'Martin',, October 3, 2007, February 16, 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 16, 2008, After Stewart's departure from The Daily Show, he was listed as an executive producer on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart is one of Stephen Colbert's 'Late Show' producers, September 9, 2015, CNN Money, September 23, 2015,


In March 2010, Stewart announced that he had optioned rights to the story of journalist Maziar Bahari, who was imprisoned in Iran for 118 days.WEB,weblink Optioned Stories: Jon Stewart Buys a Journalist's Tale; Don Murphy Takes Cory Doctorow's Latest Novel, June 8, 2011, Slashfilm, On the June 6, 2011 episode of The Daily Show, Stewart again hosted Bahari, and in March 2013, he announced that he was leaving the show for 12 weeks to direct the film version of Bahari's 2011 book Then They Came For Me. Stewart's screenplay adaptation is titled Rosewater.NEWS, Barnes, Brooks, Jon Stewart to Direct Serious Film, Will Take Hiatus From 'Daily Show,weblink March 5, 2013, The New York Times, March 5, 2013, NEWS, CNN, Stewart to take time off from 'Daily Show,' direct feature film,weblink March 5, 2013, March 5, 2013, It premiered at the September 2014 Toronto International Film Festival, receiving "generally favorable" reviews,Jon Stewart brings an Iranian-Canadian's story to TIFF, Emma Teitel, Maclean's, September 13, 2014 and was released to general audiences on November 14, 2014.On directing, Stewart noted on Employee of the Month that The Daily Show influenced his directing process more than his acting gigs did. He said, "It's about the collaboration. It's about understanding. Doing a show taught me this process of clarity of vision, but the flexibility of process. So know your intention, know where you're wanting to go with the scene with the way that you want it to go, the momentum shifts, the emphasis, where you want it to be."WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Is Ready for 'Next Iteration' of 'Daily Show' - Rolling Stone, Rolling Stone, March 13, 2015, He also expressed interest in directing more films.NEWS, Lewis, Hilary, Simmons, Ted, Jon Stewart Reveals Hopes For 'Daily Show' Successor, Talks Future Plans,weblink Hollywood Reporter,

Upcoming projects

In October 2018, it was reported that Stewart would follow his directorial debut with the political satire Irresistible.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Finds Next Directing Gig With Steve Carell as Top Choice to Star (EXCLUSIVE), Variety, May 22, 2019, WEB,weblink Jon Stewart, Steve Carell Team for Political Satire 'Irresistible', The Hollywood Reporter, May 22, 2019, The movie will follow a Democratic strategist who helps a retired veteran run for mayor in a small, right-wing town in Wisconsin.WEB,weblink Chris Cooper Joins Steve Carell & Rose Byrne In Jon Stewart's Campaign Trail Comedy 'Irresistible' For Focus & Plan B, Deadline, May 22, 2019, The cast will include Steve Carell, Rose Byrne, Chris Cooper, Mackenzie Davis, and Topher Grace.WEB,weblink Topher Grace Joins Jon Stewart's Political Pic 'Irresistible', Deadline, May 22, 2019,

Hosting and public speaking

Stewart has hosted the Grammy Awards twice, in 2001 and in 2002,NEWS,weblink Who has hosted the GRAMMYs?, February 8, 2013,, December 9, 2017, en, and the 78th Academy Awards, which were held March 5 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood.NEWS, Jon Stewart to Host Oscars, CBS, January 5, 2006,weblink July 26, 2006, Critical response to Stewart's performance was mixed. Roger Ebert compared him favorably to legendary Oscar host Johnny Carson.NEWS,weblink Ebert, Roger, 'Crash'-ing a joyous Oscar party,, March 5, 2006, May 7, 2007, Roger Ebert, Other reviewers were less positive; Tom Shales of The Washington Post said that Stewart hosted with "smug humorlessness". James Poniewozik of TIME said that Stewart was a bad host, but a great "anti-host" in that he poked fun at parts of the broadcast that deserved it, which lent him a degree of authenticity with the non-Hollywood audience.WEB, Poniewozik, James, Jon Stewart vs. The Oscars, Time (magazine), TIME, March 6, 2006,weblink July 26, 2006, Stewart and correspondent John Oliver later poked fun at his lackluster reception on The Daily Show{{'s}} coverage of the 79th Academy Awards by saying that the "demon of last year's Oscars had finally been exorcised"WEB,weblink Movie Award Program! - The Daily Show with Jon Stewart (Video Clip), Comedy Central, 2019-10-15, .Stewart returned to host the 80th Academy Awards on February 24, 2008.NEWS, February 25, 2008, The New York Times, Reviewing Jon Stewart's Starring Role,weblink Alessandra, Stanley, The reception to his performance was better received. Matthew Gilbert of the Boston Globe felt the ceremony itself was average but praised Stewart, writing that, "It was good to see Jon Stewart being Jon Stewart. He is shaping up to be a dependable Oscar host for the post-Billy Crystal years. He's not musical, but he's versatile enough to swing smoothly between jokes about politics, Hollywood, new media, and, most importantly, hair."NEWS, Gilbert, Matthew, Looking back doesn't help show look good,weblink September 21, 2008,, The New York Times Company, February 25, 2008, Variety columnist Brian Lowry lauded Stewart's performance noting that he "earned his keep by maintaining a playful, irreverent tone throughout the night, whether it was jesting about Cate Blanchett's versatility or watching Lawrence of Arabia on an iPhone screen.NEWS,weblink The 80th Annual Academy Awards -- From Your Couch, Lowry, Brian, February 24, 2008, Variety, PMC, February 25, 2008, In December 2009, Stewart gave a speech at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts honoring Bruce Springsteen, one of that year's Kennedy Center Honors recipients, and of whom Stewart is a fan."Bruce Springsteen Honored at Kennedy Center By Mellencamp, Vedder, Sting". Rolling Stone. December 30, 2009. Stewart gave another speech paying tribute to Springsteen in February 2013 as part of the singer's MusiCares Person of the Year award ceremony.NEWS, Jon Stewart To Host MusiCares Tribute To Bruce Springsteen,weblink Huffington Post, January 2, 2013, Stewart began a comedic feud with WWE wrestler Seth Rollins in March 2015, and appeared on WWE Raw during a Daily Show-styled segment hosted by Rollins.WEB,weblink 'WWE Raw': Jon Stewart Delivers Jersey Justice, Kenny, Herzog, Rolling Stone, August 30, 2015, March 3, 2015, On August 23, 2015, Stewart returned to host the WWE's SummerSlam at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, New York.NEWS,weblink Exclusive: Jon Stewart to host WWE SummerSlam, Truitt, Brian, August 18, 2015, USA Today, August 22, 2015, He would later get involved in the main event between Rollins and John Cena, helping Rollins retain his WWE World Heavyweight Championship, as well as winning Cena's United States Championship when he interfered and hit Cena with a steel chair. The next night on Raw, he explained his actions, saying he did it for Ric Flair (who was also present), which was to retain his world championship record. Cena then gave Stewart his finishing move, the Attitude Adjustment, to end the segment. Stewart returned at SummerSlam on August 21, 2016 as a special guest.WEB, Hanstock, Bill, Jon Stewart Will Once Again Appear At WWE SummerSlam,weblink Uproxx, August 17, 2016, Stewart got into a Twitter war with then-candidate Donald Trump, who in multiple tweets equated Stewart's changing his name from his birth name indicated that Stewart was a fraud. Stewart and some analysts considered this to be anti-Semitic. As Trump tweeted that Stewart should be "proud of his heritage", Stewart tweeted back, facetiously that Trump's real name was "Fuckface Von Clownstick" and that Trump should be proud of the "Clownstick heritage."WEB,weblink Jon Stewart thinks Trump can make America great ... just not the way you might think, February 1, 2017, WEB,weblink Jon Stewart's Latest Donald Trump Burns Will Make You Really, Really Miss Jon Stewart, Rohan, Nadkarni, May 10, 2016, WEB,weblink Jon Stewart's dream just came true: Donald Trump running is a "gift from heaven", Colin, Gorenstein, June 17, 2015, Salon,

Criticism of television journalists

Crossfire appearance

In a televised exchange with then-CNN correspondent Tucker Carlson on Crossfire on October 15, 2004, Stewart criticized the state of television journalism and pleaded with the show's hosts to "stop hurting America", and referred to both Carlson and co-host Paul Begala as "partisan hacks".VIDEO, Jon Stewart, Tucker Carlson, Crossfire (U.S. TV program), Crossfire, Television, CNN, 2004, When posted on the internet, this exchange became widely viewed and was a topic of much media discussion.Despite being on the program to comment on current events, Stewart immediately shifted the discussion toward the show itself, asserting that Crossfire had failed in its responsibility to inform and educate viewers about politics as a serious topic. Stewart stated that the show engaged in partisan hackery instead of honest debate, and said that the hosts' assertion that Crossfire is a debate show is like "saying pro wrestling is a show about athletic competition." Carlson responded by saying that Stewart criticizes news organizations for not holding public officials accountable, but when he interviewed John Kerry, Stewart asked a series of "softball" questions (Stewart has acknowledged he voted for Kerry in the 2004 presidential election).NEWS,weblink No Joke: Jon Stewart Takes Aim At 24-Hour Cable News 'Beast',, August 25, 2008, September 17, 2010, Howard, Kurtz, Stewart responded that he didn't realize "the news organizations look to Comedy Central for their cues on integrity." When Carlson continued to press Stewart on the Kerry issue, Stewart said, "You're on CNN! The show that leads into me is puppets making crank phone calls! What is wrong with you?" In response to prods from Carlson, "Come on. Be funny," Stewart said, "No, I'm not going to be your monkey." Later in the show when Carlson jibed, "I do think you're more fun on your show," Stewart retorted, "You're as big a dick on your show as you are on any show." In response to Stewart's criticisms, Carlson said, "You need to get a job at a journalism school," to which Stewart responded, "You need to go to one!"Stewart discussed the incident on The Daily Show the following Monday:}}In January 2005, CNN announced that it was canceling Crossfire. When asked about the cancellation, CNN's incoming president, Jonathan Klein, referenced Stewart's appearance on the show: "I think he made a good point about the noise level of these types of shows, which does nothing to illuminate the issues of the day."NEWS, Howard Kurtz, Carlson & 'Crossfire,' Exit Stage Left & Right, Washington Post, January 6, 2004,weblink July 26, 2006, Howard Kurtz, On March 18, 2009, Carlson wrote a blog entry for The Daily Beast criticizing Stewart for his handling of the CNBC controversy (see below). Carlson discussed the CNN incident and claimed that Stewart remained backstage for at least "an hour" and "continued to lecture our staff", something Carlson described as "one of the weirdest things I have ever seen."WEB, Tucker, Carlson,weblink How Jon Stewart Went Bad, March 18, 2009,

Criticism of CNBC

Stewart again became a viral internet phenomenon following a March 4, 2009, The Daily Show sequence. CNBC canceled Rick Santelli's scheduled appearance on The Daily Show that day, so the show ran a short segment showing CNBC giving poor investment advice.NEWS, Jason Linkins, Jon Stewart Eviscerates CNBC, Santelli On Daily Show, The Huffington Post, March 5, 2009,weblink March 5, 2009, Subsequent media coverage of exchanges between Stewart and Jim Cramer, who had been featured heavily in the original segment, led to a highly anticipated face-to-face confrontation on The Daily Show.NEWS, Matea Gold, Exclusive: Jim Cramer set to appear on The Daily Show Thursday, Los Angeles Times, March 10, 2009,weblink March 10, 2009, The episode received much media attention and became the second most-viewed episode of The Daily Show, trailing only the 2009 Inauguration Day episode. It had 2.3 million total viewers, and the next day, the show's website saw its highest day of traffic in 2009.WEB, Jon Lafayette, Stewart-Cramer Confrontation Draws 'Daily's' Second-Biggest Audience of '09,, March 13, 2009,weblink March 14, 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 15, 2009, Although Cramer acknowledged on the show that some of Stewart's criticisms of CNBC were valid and that the network could "do better," he later said on The Today Show that Stewart's criticism of the media was "naïve and misleading."JOURNAL, Calderon, Michael, Cramer slams Stewart: 'naive and misleading',weblink The Politico, March 19, 2009, March 20, 2009,

Criticism of Fox News

Throughout his tenure on The Daily Show, Stewart frequently accused Fox News of distorting the news to fit a conservative agenda, at one point ridiculing the network as "the meanest sorority in the world."NEWS,weblink Stewart: Fox News Is The Meanest Sorority In The World, March 12, 2010, Huffington Post, April 25, 2010, Dan, Abramson, In November 2009, Stewart "called out" Fox News for using some footage from a previous Tea Party rally during a report on a more recent rally, making the latter event appear more highly attended than it actually was. The show's anchor, Sean Hannity, apologized for the footage use the following night.NEWS,weblink Video Fix: Jon Stewart catches Fox News using wrong footage, Hong, Sharon, November 11, 2009, Seattle PI, April 25, 2010, A month later, Stewart criticized Fox & Friends cohost Gretchen Carlson â€“ a former Miss America and a Stanford graduate â€“ for claiming that she googled words such as "ignoramus" and "czar". Stewart said that Carlson was dumbing herself down for "an audience who sees intellect as an elitist flaw".NEWS,weblink Gretchen Carlson Dumbs Down, December 8, 2009, The Daily Show, April 25, 2010, Stewart stepped up his criticism of Fox News in 2010; within five months, The Daily Show had 24 segments criticizing Fox News' coverage. Bill O'Reilly, host of the talk show The O'Reilly Factor on Fox News, countered that The Daily Show was a "key component of left-wing television" and that Stewart loved Fox News because the network was "not boring".During an interview with Chris Wallace on June 19, 2011, Stewart called Wallace "insane" for saying that Stewart's earlier comparison of a Sarah Palin campaign video and an anti-herpes medicine ad was a political comment. Stewart also said Fox viewers are the "most consistently misinformed" viewers of political media.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart LIVE On Fox News, Tells Host 'You're Insane' (VIDEO) [UPDATE],, September 16, 2012, June 19, 2011, This comment was ranked by fact-checking site PolitiFact as false, with conditions. Stewart later accepted his error.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart says those who watch Fox News are the "most consistently misinformed media viewers", PolitiFact, August 24, 2014, In 2014, Stewart engaged in an extended "call-out" of Fox News based on their perceived hypocritical coverage of food stamps and U.S. government assistance.WEB,weblink Fox News Welfare Academy - The Daily Show - Video Clip,, March 13, 2014, August 24, 2014, This culminated in segments across multiple episodes, specifically singling out Sean Hannity and his show's coverage of the Bundy standoff. Hannity would "return fire" by calling out Stewart for associating himself with Cat Stevens during his Rally in 2010.NEWS, Wemple, Erik,weblink No, Sean Hannity, you can't distance yourself from Cliven Bundy, The Washington Post, August 15, 2014, August 24, 2014, Stewart responded to this by criticizing Hannity for frequently calling Ted Nugent a "friend and frequent guest" on his program and supporting Nugent's violent rhetoric towards Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton in 2007.NEWS,weblink Must-see morning clip: Jon Stewart calls Sean Hannity's show "the Arby's of news",, April 24, 2014, August 24, 2014, In late August 2014, Stewart vehemently opposed the manner in which Fox News portrayed the events surrounding the shooting of teenager Michael Brown by police officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri, and the subsequent protests from citizens.NEWS,weblink Daily Show's Jon Stewart destroys Fox News for its Ferguson coverage, The Independent, March 13, 2015, London, Natasha, Culzac, August 28, 2014,


Stewart sometimes used The Daily Show to argue for causes such as the treatment of veterans and 9/11 first responders. He is credited with breaking a Senate deadlock over a bill to provide health care and benefits for 9/11 emergency workers; the bill passed three days after he featured a group of 9/11 responders on the show. In March 2009, he criticized a White House proposal to remove veterans from Veterans Administration rolls if they had private health insurance; the White House dropped the plan the next day. In February and June 2019, he again went to Congress to oppose the $7.375 billion limit in pay-outs to 9/11 responders through December 2020 and to lobby for permanent funding for the Victims Compensation Fund past December 2020, delivering a tearful testimony.NEWS,weblink Jon Stewart blasts Congress' failure to fund 9/11 victim program, Tsirkin, Julie, February 25, 2019, NBC News, 13 March 2019, NEWS, Tillett, Emily, Segers, Grace, Jon Stewart lashes out at hearing on 9/11 responders bill: "You should be ashamed of yourselves",weblink 11 June 2019, CBS News, June 11, 2019,

Writers Guild of America strike of 2007–2008

Stewart was an important factor in the unionization of the Comedy Central writers. The Daily Show writers were the first of Comedy Central's writers to be able to join the guild, after which other shows followed.WEB, April 23, 2008,weblink Comedy Central Writers Win WGA Contract, Writers Guild of America, WGA, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 2, 2008, WEB, April 23, 2008,weblink Union Deal for 'Daily Show' Writers,, Stewart supported the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike. On The Daily Show episode just before the strike, he sarcastically commented about how Comedy Central had made available all episodes for free on their website, but without advertising, and said, "go support our advertisers". The show went on hiatus when the strike began, as did other late-night talk shows. Upon Stewart's return to the show on January 7, 2008, he refused to use the title The Daily Show, stating that The Daily Show was the show made with all of the people responsible for the broadcast, including his writers. During the strike, he referred to his show as A Daily Show with Jon Stewart until the strike ended on February 13, 2008.WEB, January 18, 2008, September 4, 2016,weblink Colbert, Stewart make do without writers, Today, Stewart's choice to return to the air did bring criticism that he was undermining the writers of his show. Seth MacFarlane wrote an inside joke into an episode of Family Guy about this, causing Stewart to respond with an hour-long call in which he questioned how MacFarlane could consider himself the "moral arbiter" of Hollywood.WEB, Morgan, Piers, Seth MacFarlane Interview,weblink CNN, Other former writers of The Daily Show such as David Feldman have also indicated that Stewart was anti-union at the time and punished his writers for their decision to unionize.WEB, David, Feldman, Former Daily Show Writer Accuses Jon Stewart of Punishing His Writers For Forming A Union,weblink Patheos, May 25, 2012, WEB, David, Feldman, Former Daily Show Writer Accuses Jon Stewart of Punishing His Writers For Forming A Union,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink September 26, 2012, The Writers Guild Strike of 2007–08 was also responsible for a notable mock feud between Stewart, Stephen Colbert, and Conan O'Brien in early 2008. Without writers to help fuel their banter, the three comedians concocted a crossover/rivalry to garner more viewers during the ratings slump. Colbert claimed that because of "the Colbert bump", he was responsible for Mike Huckabee's success in the 2008 presidential race. O'Brien claimed that he was responsible for Huckabee's success because not only had he mentioned Huckabee on his show but also that he was responsible for Chuck Norris's success (Norris backed Huckabee). In response, Stewart claimed that he was responsible for the success of O'Brien since Stewart had featured him on The Jon Stewart Show, and in turn the success of Huckabee. This resulted in a three-part comedic battle between the three pundits, with all three appearing on each other's shows. The feud ended on Late Night with Conan O'Brien with a mock brawl involving the three hosts.Conan, Stewart, Colbert unite in TV feud, February 5, 2008


Stewart has said his influences include George Carlin,VIDEO, Stewart, Jon, (George Carlin: 40 Years of Comedy), TV, HBO, February 27, 1997, Lenny Bruce,WEB,weblink There Was Thought in His Rage, The New York Times, Keepnews, Peter, August 8, 1999, June 23, 2008, Woody Allen,WEB,weblink Our take on Jon Stewart in 1998: 'He's practically made a career out of almost hosting other people's talk shows', Paul, Brownfield,, David Letterman,VIDEO, Stewart, Jon, The 57th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards, TV, CBS, September 18, 2005, Steve Martin, and Richard Pryor.Among comedians who say they were influenced by Stewart are Stephen Colbert, John Oliver,NEWS,weblink How John Oliver became an American star, The Daily Telegraph, April 17, 2015, London, April 17, 2015, Samantha Bee,WEB,weblink 12 influential comedy careers Jon Stewart helped launch on 'The Daily Show', Business Insider, Ian Phillips, August 6, 2015, January 25, 2017, Larry Wilmore,MAGAZINE,weblink The Fearless Comedy of The Nightly Show With Larry Wilmore, The Atlantic, January 21, 2015, June 3, 2015, Bassem Youssef,WEB,weblink How 'Egypt's Jon Stewart' Went From Public Enemy to TV Star, Matthew, Love, Matthew, Love, July 14, 2016, Trevor Noah,NEWS,weblink Trevor Noah to succeed Jon Stewart as host of The Daily Show, The Guardian, March 30, 2015, March 30, 2015, and Jordan Klepper.WEB,weblink Jordan Klepper Channels Jon Stewart In His Own Search For Sanity, HuffPost, Van Luling, Todd, December 6, 2017, December 12, 2017,

Personal life

Stewart is Jewish by heritage but is irreligious.NEWS, Berrin, Danielle, Jon Stewart's version of Judaism,weblink November 7, 2013, The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, JewishJournal, October 15, 2010, While making the 1997 film Wishful Thinking, a production assistant on the film set Stewart up on a blind date with Tracey Lynn McShane. They dated for four years.NEWS,weblink Interview With Jon Stewart, CNN, October 30, 2008, February 7, 2001, VIDEO,weblink Beau Bridges, The Daily Show, April 23, 2002, 4 minutes, 50 seconds, July 18, 2008, Stewart proposed to her through a personalized crossword puzzle created with the help of Will Shortz, the crossword editor at The New York Times.WEB,weblink Play on words, Steve, Irene, June 16, 2006, February 17, 2012, The Christian Science Monitor, MAGAZINE,weblink Dr. Sudoku Presents: A Modest Proposal, Snyder, Thomas, Wired, January 9, 2012, February 17, 2012, They married in 2000.VIDEO,weblink An hour with the host of 'The Daily Show' Jon Stewart, Charlie Rose, August 15, 2001, 51 minutes, 28 seconds, July 18, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 7, 2013, On June 19, 2001, Stewart and his wife filed a joint name change application and legally changed both of their surnames to "Stewart". With the help of in vitro fertilization, the couple has two children.WEB,weblink Tracey Stewart's Animal Planet, Judith, Newman, October 10, 2015,, MAGAZINE, Baker, KC, Silverman, Stephen M., A Baby Girl for Jon Stewart, People, February 7, 2006,weblink February 12, 2019, {{Dead link|date=June 2019 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}In 2000, when he was labeled a Democrat, Stewart generally agreed but described his political affiliation as "more socialist or independent" than Democratic.NEWS, CNN Transcript: Larry King Live: Jon Stewart Looks Back at Election 2000, Larry King Live, CNN, December 15, 2000,weblink March 25, 2007, Stewart has voted for Republicans, the last time being in the 1988 presidential election when he voted for George H. W. Bush over Michael Dukakis. He described Bush as having "an integrity about him that I respected greatly".NEWS, Pierce, Tony, Jon Stewart admits he voted for George H.W. Bush in 1988 and is disappointed in Obama,weblink Los Angeles Times, June 20, 2011, He is a vocal proponent for single-payer health care system.WEB,weblink O'Reilly vs Stewart debate, Nick of Time, October 7, 2012, YouTube, In 2013, Stewart and his wife bought a {{convert|12|acre|adj=on}} farm in Middletown, New Jersey, called "Bufflehead Farm". The Stewarts use it as a sanctuary for abused animals.NEWS,weblink Tracey Stewart Counts Her Sheep, and More, Tammy, La Gorce, The New York Times, October 23, 2015, October 26, 2015, In 2015, Stewart started a vegetarian diet for ethical reasons; his wife is a long-time vegan.MAGAZINE, Judith Newman, Tracey Stewart's Animal Planet, New York (magazine), New York, October 10, 2015,weblink Judith Newman, In 2017, Stewart and his wife received approval to open a 45-acre (18 ha) animal sanctuary in Colts Neck that will be home to animals saved from slaughterhouses and live markets.NEWS, New York Post. pg 19, January 12, 2017,

Honors and awards

File:Jon Stewart 2005.jpg|thumb|upright|Stewart with the Peabody Award that he won with The Daily ShowThe Daily ShowStewart and other members of The Daily Show have received three Peabody Awards for "Indecision 2000" and "(The Daily Show: Indecision 2004|Indecision 2004)", 64th Annual Peabody Awards {{Webarchive|url= |date=July 17, 2013 }}, May 2005. covering the 2000 presidential election and the 2004 presidential election, respectively. He received his third Peabody in 2016 for his tenure as The Daily Show.2015 Individual and Institutional Honorees", from (accessed April 18, 2016)The Daily Show received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music, or Comedy Program in 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2012, and 2015 and Outstanding Variety, Music, or Comedy Series for 10 consecutive years from 2003 to 2012. In 2013, the award for both categories instead went to The Daily Show spin-off The Colbert Report. In 2015, The Daily Show resurfaced, winning both categories for one last time for Stewart's swan song as host.Stewart won the Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album in 2005 for his recording, (America (The Book)|America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction).In the December 2003 New Year's edition of Newsweek, Stewart was named the "Who's Next?" person for 2004, with the magazine predicting that he would emerge as an absolute sensation in that year. (The magazine said they were right at the end of that year.){{citation needed|date=June 2019}}In 2004, Stewart spoke at the commencement ceremonies at his alma mater, William and Mary, and received an honorary Doctor of Arts degree.WEB, Stewart, Jon, Jon Stewart's ('84) Commencement Address, College of William and Mary, May 20, 2004,weblink October 8, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 17, 2008, Stewart was also the Class Day keynote speaker at Princeton University in 2004,WEB,weblink Jon Stewart to be Class Day speaker, Princeton Weekly Bulletin, March 22, 2004, and the 2008 Sacerdote Great Names speaker at Hamilton College.Stewart was named one of the 2005 Time 100, an annual list of 100 of the most influential people of the year by TIME magazine.MAGAZINE, Brokaw, Tom, Tom Brokaw, Jon Stewart, Time, September 27, 2004,weblink July 26, 2006, Stewart and The Daily Show received the 2005 National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) George Orwell Award for Distinguished Contribution to Honesty and Clarity in Public Language.{{citation needed|date=June 2019}}Stewart was presented an Honorary All-America Award by the National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA) in 2006.WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Named NSCAA Honorary All-America, NSCAA, April 19, 2009,weblink" title="">weblink October 11, 2011, dead, On April 21, 2009, President of Liberia Ellen Johnson Sirleaf made Stewart a chief.WEB,weblink Ellen Johnson Sirleaf â€“ The Daily Show with Jon Stewart â€“ 4/21/2009 â€“ Video Clip | Comedy Central,, April 21, 2009, September 17, 2010, On October 26, 2010, Stewart was named the Most Influential Man of 2010 by AskMen.Lies, Elaine (October 26, 2010) "TV host Jon Stewart named most influential man of 2010", Reuters. Retrieved October 26, 2010


Film{| class"wikitable sortable"

! Year! Title! Role! class="unsortable" | Notes| 1994| Mixed Nuts| Rollerblader|| 1996| The First Wives Club| Elise's lover| Scenes deleted| 1997Wishful Thinking (1997 film)>Wishful Thinking
| Henry| 1998| Half Baked| Enhancement Smoker|| The Faculty| Prof Edward Furlong|| Playing by Heart| Trent|| 1999Big Daddy (1999 film)>Big Daddy
| Kevin Gerrity| 2000| The Office Party| Pizza Guy| Short filmCommitted (2000 film)>Committed
| Party Guest| Uncredited cameo| 2001| Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back| Reg Hartner| 2002| Death to Smoochy| Marion Frank Stokes||The Adventures of Tom Thumb and Thumbelina| Godfrey (voice)|| 2006| Doogal| Zeebad (voice)|| 2007| Evan Almighty| Himself| Cameo| 2008| The Great Buck Howard| Himself| Cameo 2011|The Adjustment Bureau| Himself| CameoThe Beaver (film)>The Beaver| Himself| Cameo| 2014Rosewater (film)>Rosewater| Director, producer, writer| 2016|(Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice)| Himself| CameoUltimate Edition only| 2020Irresistible (upcoming film)>Irresistible'' | FilmingDirector, producer, writer">

Television{| class"wikitable sortable"

! Year! Title! Role! class="unsortable" | Notes| 1990–1993| Short Attention Span Theater| Himself (host)| Various episodes| 1992–1993| You Wrote It, You Watch It| Himself (host)| Various episodes| 1993–1995| The Jon Stewart Show| Himself| 160 episodes; also creator, executive producer, writer| 1994The State (1993 TV series)>The State
| Fanmail Guy| Episode: "2.4"| 1996| Jon Stewart: Unleavened| Himself| Stand-up special| 1996–1997| The Larry Sanders Show| Himself| 2 episodes 1997| The Nanny| Bobby| Episode: "Kissing Cousins"| NewsRadio| Andrew| Episode: "Twins"| Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist| Jon (voice)| Episode: "Guess Who"| Space Ghost Coast to Coast| Himself| Episode: "Mayonnaise"| Mr. Show with Bob and David| Himself| Episode: "A White Man Set Them Free" 1998Since You've Been Gone (film)>Since You've Been Gone| Todd Zalinsky| TV movie| Elmopalooza| Himself| TV special| 1999| Spin City| Parker| Episode: "Wall Street"| 1999–2015The Daily Show>The Daily Show with Jon Stewart| Himself (host)| 2,579 episodes; also executive producer, writer| 2001| 43rd Annual Grammy Awards| Himself (host)| TV special 2002| 44th Annual Grammy Awards| Himself (host)| TV special| Saturday Night Live| Himself (host)| Episode: "Jon Stewart/India.Arie"| 2005–2014| The Colbert Report| 1,447 episodes; co-creator, executive producerAlso appeared in 19 episodes as himself 2006| 78th Academy Awards| Himself (host)| TV special| American Dad!| Himself (voice)| Episode: "Irregarding Steve"| 2007| Jack's Big Music Show| Brunk Stinegrouber| Episode: "Groundhog Day" 2008| The Simpsons| Himself (voice)| Episode: "E Pluribus Wiggum"| 80th Academy Awards| Himself (host)| TV special| (A Colbert Christmas: The Greatest Gift of All!)| Himself| TV special| 2009–2010| Important Things with Demetri Martin| 17 episodes; executive producer| 2010| Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear| Himself (host)| TV special| 2012| Robot Chicken| Matt Trakker, Serpentor (voice)| Episode: "Executed by the State"| 2013| Big Time Rush| Himself| Episode: "Big Time Invasion"| 2014| Phineas and Ferb| Mr. Random (voice)| Episode: "The Klimpaloon Ultimatum"| 2015–2016| The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore| 259 episodes; creator, executive producerAlso appeared in 2 episodes as himself| 2015–present| The Late Show with Stephen Colbert ACCESSDATE=JUNE 7, 2016, Huddleston Jr., Tom, Also appeared in 10 episodes as himself| 2015| Gravity Falls| Judge Kitty Kitty Meow Meow Face-Shwartstein (voice)| Episode: "Weirdmageddon 2: Escape from Reality"


  • Naked Pictures of Famous People (Rob Weisbach Books, 1998) {{ISBN|0-688-17162-1}}
  • (America (The Book)|America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction) (Warner Books, September 2004) {{ISBN|0-446-53268-1}}
  • (Earth (The Book)|Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race) (Grand Central Publishing, 2010) {{ISBN|978-0-446-57922-3}}

See also



Further reading

  • Jon Stewart: Beyond the Moments of Zen by Bruce Watson, (New Word City, 2014) ASIN B0093FPMVU
  • Angry Optimist: The Life and Times of Jon Stewart. by Lisa Rogak, (Saint Martin's Griffin, 2014). {{ISBN|978-1-250-08047-9}}

External links

{{The Daily Show}}{{Navboxes List of awards and nominations received by Jon Stewart>Awards for Jon Stewart| list ={{EmmyAward ComedyVarietyMusicWriting 2000s}}{{EmmyAward ComedyVarietyMusicWriting 2010s}}{{Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album}}{{TCA Award for Individual Achievement in Comedy}}{{Thurber Prize for American Humor}}{{Orwell Award recipients}}}}{{Subject bar|portal1=Biography|portal2=Comedy|portal3=Politics |portal4=Television |portal5=United States |portal6=Film |portal7=New Jersey |commons=yes|commons-search=Category:Jon Stewart|n=yes|q=yes|s=yes|s-search=Author:Jon Stewart}}{{Authority control}}

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