Johns Hopkins University

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Johns Hopkins University
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{{Redirect|JHU|other uses}}{{short description|Private research university in Baltimore, Maryland}}{{Use mdy dates|date=February 2018}}

| president = Ronald J. Daniels| provost = Sunil Kumar| students = 26,40233}}20,000{{rp>35}}| city = Baltimore| state = Maryland| country = United States| free_label = Newspaper| free = The Johns Hopkins News-Letter (est. 1896)39447613region:US_type:edu|display=inline, title}}ACCESSDATE=NOVEMBER 14, 2015, {{color box#FFFFFF}} {{color box|#000000}}Johns Hopkins Blue Jays>Blue Jays| sporting_affiliations = NCAA Division IIICentennial Conference, NCAA Division IBig Ten Conference for men’s and women’s lacrosse| mascot = Blue}}| logo = Johns Hopkins University logo.svg| logo_size = 250}}Johns Hopkins University is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins. His $7 million bequest (approximately ${{Inflation|US|6.91|1873|fmt=c|r=1}} million in today's dollars)—of which half financed the establishment of Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States up to that time. Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876, led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S. by integrating teaching and research. Adopting the concept of a graduate school from Germany's ancient Heidelberg University, Johns Hopkins University is considered the first research university in the United States. Over the course of several decades, the university has led all U.S. universities in annual research and development expenditures. In fiscal year 2016, Johns Hopkins spent nearly $2.5 billion on research.WEB,weblink For the 38th time, Hopkins leads the country in R&D expenditures, Eichensehr, Morgan, www,, Johns Hopkins is organized into 10 divisions on campuses in Maryland and Washington, D.C. with international centers in Italy, and China. The two undergraduate divisions, the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and the Whiting School of Engineering, are located on the Homewood campus in Baltimore's Charles Village neighborhood. The medical school, the nursing school, and the Bloomberg School of Public Health are located on the Medical Institutions campus in East Baltimore. The university also consists of the Peabody Institute, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, the School of Education, the Carey Business School, and various other facilities.Johns Hopkins was a founding member of the American Association of Universities.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Fact Book, March 2, 2015,, Johns Hopkins University, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all, As of October 2019, 39 Nobel laureates and 1 Fields Medalist have been affiliated with Johns Hopkins.WEB,weblink Nobel Prize winners – Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins University, live,weblink November 1, 2017, mdy-all, Founded in 1883, the Blue Jays men's lacrosse team has captured 44 national titlesWEB,weblink About Us, Johns Hopkins University, dead,weblink" title="">weblink November 2, 2013, mdy-all, and plays in the Big Ten Conference as an affiliate member as of 2014.NEWS,weblink Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse program to join Big Ten, The Baltimore Sun, 2013, June 3, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 3, 2013, mdy-all,


The philanthropist and the founding

{{See also|Johns_Hopkins#Death_and_Philanthropy|l1=Johns Hopkins' Philanthropy and Legacy}}File:JohnsHopkins bw.jpg|thumb|upright|Johns HopkinsJohns HopkinsFile:Heidelberg Universitätsbibliothek 2003.jpg|thumb|Heidelberg UniversityHeidelberg UniversityOn his death in 1873, Johns Hopkins, a Quaker entrepreneur, abolitionist and childless bachelor, bequeathed $7 million (approximately ${{Inflation|US|6.91|1873|fmt=c|r=1}} million today adjusted for consumer price inflation) to fund a hospital and university in Baltimore, Maryland.WEB,weblink The Homewood Campus: Its Buildings, Monuments and Sculpture, 2010, March 2, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all, At that time this fortune, generated primarily from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States.The first name of philanthropist Johns Hopkins is the surname of his great-grandmother, Margaret Johns, who married Gerard Hopkins. They named their son Johns Hopkins, who named his own son Samuel Hopkins. Samuel named one of his sons for his father and that son would become the university's benefactor. Milton Eisenhower, a former university president, once spoke at a convention in Pittsburgh where the Master of Ceremonies introduced him as "President of John Hopkins." Eisenhower retorted that he was "glad to be here in Pittburgh."The original board opted for an entirely novel university model dedicated to the discovery of knowledge at an advanced level, extending that of contemporary Germany.WEB,weblink A spirit of reason festschrift for steven muller, 2004, March 2, 2015, AICGS, Janes, Jackson, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 13, 2013, mdy-all, Building on the Humboldtian model of higher education, the German education model of Wilhelm von Humboldt, it became dedicated to research. It was especially Heidelberg University and its long academic research history after which the new institution tried to model itself.BOOK, A spirit of reason – Festschrift for Steven Muller, Janes, Jackson, 2004, American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington, D.C., 978-0-941441-88-9, 179735617, 15,weblink live,weblink" title="">weblink December 13, 2013, mdy-all, Johns Hopkins thereby became the model of the modern research university in the United States. Its success eventually shifted higher education in the United States from a focus on teaching revealed and/or applied knowledge to the scientific discovery of new knowledge.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins University, 2003, March 2, 2015,, Sander, Kathleen Waters, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, mdy-all, {{Wikisource1911Enc|Johns Hopkins University|the Early History}}

Early years and Daniel Coit Gilman

File:Daniel Coit Gilman1.jpg|left|thumb|upright|Daniel Coit GilmanDaniel Coit GilmanThe trustees worked alongside four notable university presidents – Charles W. Eliot of Harvard, Andrew D. White of Cornell, Noah Porter of Yale College and James B. Angell of Michigan. They each vouched for Daniel Coit Gilman to lead the new University and he became the university's first president.BOOK, Pioneer: A History of the Johns Hopkins University, 1874–1889, Hawkins, Hugh, Cornell University Press, 1960, 876490592, Ithaca, NY, 15, Gilman, a Yale-educated scholar, had been serving as president of the University of California, Berkeley prior to this appointment. In preparation for the university's founding, Gilman visited University of Freiburg and other German universities.(File:Hopkins Hall, 1885.jpg|thumb|right|Hopkins Hall circa 1885, on the original downtown Baltimore campus)Gilman launched what many at the time considered an audacious and unprecedented academic experiment to merge teaching and research. He dismissed the idea that the two were mutually exclusive: "The best teachers are usually those who are free, competent and willing to make original researches in the library and the laboratory," he stated.WEB,weblink School History and Mission, March 4, 2015, Johns Hopkins Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 24, 2015, mdy-all, To implement his plan, Gilman recruited internationally known luminaries such as the mathematician James Joseph Sylvester; the biologist H. Newell Martin; the physicist Henry A. Rowland (the first president of the American Physical Society), the classical scholars Basil Gildersleeve and Charles D. Morris; the economist Richard T. Ely; and the chemist Ira Remsen, who became the second president of the university in 1901.WEB,weblink Ira Remsen: The Chemistry Was Right, March 4, 2015, The Johns Hopkins Gazette Online, Stimpert, James, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 17, 2015, mdy-all, Gilman focused on the expansion of graduate education and support of faculty research. The new university fused advanced scholarship with such professional schools as medicine and engineering. Hopkins became the national trendsetter in doctoral programs and the host for numerous scholarly journals and associations.WEB,weblink Gilman, Daniel Coit, March 4, 2015, The Social Welfare History Project, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, mdy-all, The Johns Hopkins University Press, founded in 1878, is the oldest American university press in continuous operation.WEB,weblink History of University Presses, March 4, 2015, AAUP, AAUP, Givler, Peter, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 13, 2015, mdy-all, (File:Johns Hopkins Hospital, early photo.jpg|thumb|right|Johns Hopkins Hospital)With the completion of Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1889 and the medical school in 1893, the university's research-focused mode of instruction soon began attracting world-renowned faculty members who would become major figures in the emerging field of academic medicine, including William Osler, William Halsted, Howard Kelly, and William Welch.WEB,weblink The Four Founding Physicians, March 4, 2015, Hopkins Medicine, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 10, 2015, mdy-all, During this period Hopkins made more history by becoming the first medical school to admit women on an equal basis with men and to require a Bachelor's degree, based on the efforts of Mary E. Garrett, who had endowed the school at Gilman's request.WEB,weblink A Biological Sketch of Mary Elizabeth Garrett, March 4, 2015, JHMI Medical Archives, The Alan Masan Chesney Archives of the Johns Hopkins Medical Institution, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 21, 2015, mdy-all, The school of medicine was America's first coeducational, graduate-level medical school, and became a prototype for academic medicine that emphasized bedside learning, research projects, and laboratory training.In his will and in his instructions to the trustees of the university and the hospital, Hopkins requested that both institutions be built upon the vast grounds of his Baltimore estate, Clifton. When Gilman assumed the presidency, he decided that it would be best to use the university's endowment for recruiting faculty and students, deciding to, as it has been paraphrased, "build men, not buildings."BOOK, Founded by Friends: The Quaker Heritage of Fifteen American Colleges and Universities, Oliver, John W., Jr., Scarecrow Press, 2007, Plymouth, 135, In his will Hopkins stipulated that none of his endowment should be used for construction; only interest on the principal could be used for this purpose. Unfortunately, stocks in The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which would have generated most of the interest, became virtually worthless soon after Hopkins's death. The university's first home was thus in Downtown Baltimore delaying plans to site the university in Clifton.

Move to Homewood and early 20th century history

(File:Gilman Hall, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.jpg|thumb|left|Gilman Hall, flagship building of the Homewood campus)In the early 20th century the university outgrew its buildings and the trustees began to search for a new home. Developing Clifton for the university was too costly, and {{convert|30|acres|0|abbr=on}} of the estate had to be sold to the city as public park. A solution was achieved by a team of prominent locals who acquired the estate in north Baltimore known as Homewood. On February 22, 1902, this land was formally transferred to the university. The flagship building, Gilman Hall, was completed in 1915. The School of Engineering relocated in Fall of 1914 and the School of Arts and Sciences followed in 1916. These decades saw the ceding of lands by the university for the public Wyman Park and Wyman Park Dell and the Baltimore Museum of Art, coalescing in the contemporary area of {{convert|140|acre}}.File:Maryland Hall, Johns Hopkins University, Jan 2011.jpg|right|thumb|Maryland Hall, second home of the Whiting School of EngineeringWhiting School of EngineeringPrior to becoming the main Johns Hopkins campus, the Homewood estate had initially been the gift of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a Maryland planter and signer of the Declaration of Independence, to his son Charles Carroll Jr. The original structure, the 1801 Homewood House, still stands and serves as an on-campus museum.WEB,weblink Homewood House, March 4, 2015, JHU Museums, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 24, 2015, mdy-all, The brick and marble Federal style of Homewood House became the architectural inspiration for much of the university campus. This fact explains the distinctively local flavour of the campus as compared to the Collegiate Gothic style of other historic American universities.In 1909, the university was among the first to start adult continuing education programs and in 1916 it founded the US' first school of public health.WEB,weblink Leading the way in public health, September 2012, March 4, 2015, JHU Gazette, Edelson, Matt, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, mdy-all, Since the 1910s, Johns Hopkins University has famously been a "fertile cradle" to Arthur Lovejoy's history of ideas.{|class="wikitable" style="float:right; margin:10px"|+Presidents of the university!Name!!TermDaniel Coit Gilman>| May 1875 – August 1901Ira Remsen>| September 1901 – January 1913Frank Goodnow>| October 1914 – June 1929Joseph Sweetman Ames>| July 1929 – June 1935Isaiah Bowman>| July 1935 – December 1948Detlev Bronk>| January 1949 – August 1953Lowell Reed>| September 1953 – June 1956Milton S. Eisenhower>| July 1956 – June 1967Lincoln Gordon>| July 1967 – March 1971Milton S. Eisenhower>| March 1971 – January 1972Steven Muller>| February 1972 – June 1990William C. Richardson>| July 1990 – July 1995Daniel Nathans>| June 1995 – August 1996William R. Brody>| August 1996 – February 2009Ronald J. Daniels>| March 2009–Present

The post-war era

Since 1942, the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) has served as a major governmental defense contractor. In tandem with on-campus research, Johns Hopkins has every year since 1979 had the highest federal research funding of any American university.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins leads nation in research spending for the 34th consecutive year, January 2, 2014, March 4, 2015, JHU Hub, Hub staff report, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, mdy-all, Professional schools of international affairs and music were established in 1950 and 1977, respectively, when the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International StudiesWEB,weblink About Johns Hopkins SAIS, March 4, 2015, transAtlantic Magazine, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 13, 2015, mdy-all, in Washington D.C and the Peabody InstituteWEB,weblink Communiyu, March 4, 2015,, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 18, 2015, mdy-all, in Baltimore were incorporated into the university.

In the twenty-first century

File:Legg mason tower.jpg|thumb|left|The Legg Mason Tower, home of the new Carey Business SchoolCarey Business SchoolThe early decades of the 21st century saw expansion across the university's institutions in both physical and population sizes. Notably, a planned 88-acre expansion to the medical campus began in 2013. Completed construction on the Homewood campus has included a new biomedical engineering building in the Johns Hopkins University Department of Biomedical Engineering, a new library, a new biology wing, an extensive renovation of the flagship Gilman Hall, and the reconstruction of the main university entrance.These years also brought about the rapid development of the university's professional schools of education and business. From 1999 until 2007, these disciplines had been joined together within the School of Professional Studies in Business and Education (SPSBE), itself a reshuffling of several earlier ventures. The 2007 split, combined with new funding and leadership initiatives, has led to the simultaneous emergence of the Johns Hopkins School of Education and the Carey Business School.On November 18, 2018, it was announced that Michael Bloomberg would make a donation to his alma mater of $1.8 billion, marking the largest private donation in modern history to an institution of higher education and bringing Bloomberg's total contribution to the school in excess of $3.3 billion.NEWS,weblink $1.1 Billion in Thanks From Bloomberg to Johns Hopkins, January 27, 2013, The New York Times, WEB, Michael R. Bloomberg Commits $350 Million to Johns Hopkins for Transformational Academic Initiative 2013,weblink January 26, 2013, WEB,weblink Michael Bloomberg Gives $300 Million to Johns Hopkins for Public-Health Effort, September 15, 2016, The Wall Street Journal, WEB,weblink Mike Bloomberg and others donate $125 million for breakthrough cancer research, FastCo News, en-US, April 15, 2016, NEWS,weblink Bloomberg, others give $125 million for immunotherapy cancer research, March 29, 2016, Reuters, April 15, 2016, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins launches cancer research center with $125 million from Bloomberg, Kimmel, others, The Hub, April 15, 2016, Bloomberg's $1.8 billion gift allows the school to practice need-blind admission and meet the full financial need of admitted students.NEWS,weblink Alesci, Cristina, Bloomberg donates record $1.8B to Johns Hopkins, November 19, 2018, CNN, NEWS,weblink Anderson, Nick, Bloomberg gives Johns Hopkins a record $1.8 billion for student financial aid, The Washington Post, 18 November 2018, 18 November 2018,

Civil rights


Hopkins was a prominent abolitionist who supported Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. After his death, reports said his conviction was a decisive factor in enrolling Hopkins' first African-American student, Kelly Miller, a graduate student in physics, astronomy and mathematics. As time passed, the university adopted a "separate but equal" stance more like other Baltimore institutions.The first black undergraduate entered the school in 1945 and graduate students followed in 1967. James Nabwangu, a British-trained Kenyan, was the first black graduate of the medical school. African-American instructor and laboratory supervisor Vivien Thomas was instrumental in developing and conducting the first successful blue baby operation in 1944.WEB,weblink Footprints Through Time: Vivien Thomas, March 4, 2015, PBS, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 15, 2015, mdy-all, Despite such cases, racial diversity did not become commonplace at Johns Hopkins institutions until the 1960s and 1970s.


Hopkins' most well-known battle for women's rights was the one led by daughters of trustees of the university; Mary E. Garrett, M. Carey Thomas, Mamie Gwinn, Elizabeth King, and Julia Rogers. They donated and raised the funds needed to open the medical school, and required Hopkins' officials to agree to their stipulation that women would be admitted. The nursing school opened in 1889 and accepted women and men as students.WEB,weblink The Johns Hopkins University- Chronology, March 4, 2015,, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 28, 2015, mdy-all, Other graduate schools were later opened to women by president Ira Remsen in 1907. Christine Ladd-Franklin was the first woman to earn a PhD at Hopkins, in mathematics in 1882.WEB,weblink Christine Ladd-Franklin, March 4, 2015, Women's Intellectual Contributions to the Study of Mind and Society, Ragsdale, Samantha, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 21, 2015, mdy-all, The trustees denied her the degree for decades and refused to change the policy about admitting women. In 1893, Florence Bascomb became the university's first female PhD. The decision to admit women at undergraduate level was not considered until the late 1960s and was eventually adopted in October 1969. As of 2009–2010, the undergraduate population was 47% female and 53% male.

Freedom of speech

On September 5, 2013 cryptographer and Johns Hopkins university professor Matthew Green posted a blog, entitled "On the NSA", in which he contributed to the ongoing debate regarding the role of NIST and NSA in formulating U.S. cryptography standards. On September 9, 2013 Green received a take-down request for the "On the NSA" blog from interim Dean Andrew Douglas from the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering. The request cited concerns that the blog had links to sensitive material. The blog linked to already published news articles from The Guardian, The New York Times and Douglas subsequently issued a personal on-line apology to Green. The event raised concern over the future of academic freedom of speech within the cryptologic research community.

Privatized policing

Beginning April 3, 2019, protesters sat in to protest the university's formation of a private campus police force. The protesters were arrested after a month long standoff.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Calls In the Police to Arrest Protesters, Ending Student Occupation, Lee, Gardner, May 8, 2019, The Chronicle of Higher Education, ">

Campuses{|class"wikitable" style"font-size:90%; width:100%; border:0; text-align:center; line-height:120%;"

!colspan="10"|Main Campuses & DivisionsHomewoodEast Baltimore(Medical Institutions Campus)Downtown BaltimoreWashington D.C.Laurel, MarylandZanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences>School of Arts and Sciences1876Johns Hopkins University School of Education>School of Education1909Whiting School of Engineering>School of Engineering1913Johns Hopkins School of Nursing>School of Nursing1889Johns Hopkins School of Medicine>School of Medicine1893Bloomberg School of Public Health>School of Public Health1916|Peabody Institute1857Carey Business School>School of Business2007Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies>School of Advanced International Studies1943|Applied Physics Laboratory1942


(File:View from Levering Plaza.jpg|thumb|alt=|View toward Gilman Hall from Levering Plaza on the Homewood Campus)
  • Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences: The Krieger School offers more than 60 undergraduate majors and minors and more than 40 graduate programs.
  • G.W.C. Whiting School of Engineering: The Whiting School contains 14 undergraduate and graduate engineering programs and 12 additional areas of study.
  • School of Education: Originally established in 1909 as The School of Professional Studies in Business and Education, the divisions of Education and Business became separate schools in 2007.
The first campus was located on Howard Street. Eventually, they relocated to Homewood, in northern Baltimore, the estate of Charles Carroll, son of the oldest surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. Carroll's Homewood House is considered one of the finest examples of Federal residential architecture. The estate then came to the Wyman family, which participated in making it the park-like main campus of the schools of arts and sciences and engineering at the start of the 20th century. Most of its architecture was modeled after the Federal style of Homewood House. Homewood House is preserved as a museum. Most undergraduate programs are on this campus.{{Citation needed|date=October 2017}}{{Clear}}

East Baltimore

(File:Hopkins hospital.jpg|thumb|Johns Hopkins Hospital)Collectively known as Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions (JHMI) campus, the East Baltimore facility occupies several city blocks spreading from the Johns Hopkins Hospital trademark dome. {{Clear}}

Downtown Baltimore

(File:Peabody Institute, Mount Vernon Place, Baltimore, MD.jpg|thumb|Peabody Institute)
  • Carey Business School: The Carey Business School was established in 2007, incorporating divisions of the former School of Professional Studies in Business and Education. It was originally located on Charles Street, but relocated to the Legg Mason building in Harbor East in 2011.
  • Peabody Institute: founded in 1857, is the oldest continuously active music conservatory in the United States; it became a division of Johns Hopkins in 1977. The Conservatory retains its own student body and grants degrees in musicology and performance, though both Hopkins and Peabody students may take courses at both institutions. It is located on East Mount Vernon Place.{{Clear}}

Washington, D.C.

(File:Nitze Building at The Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Washington, DC.JPG|thumb|Washington D.C. Campus (SAIS)) The Washington, D.C. campus is on Massachusetts Avenue, towards the Southeastern end of Embassy Row.

Laurel, Maryland

  • Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL): The APL in Laurel, Maryland, specializes in research for the U.S. Department of Defense, NASA and other government and civilian research agencies. Among other projects, it has designed, built, and flown spacecraft for NASA to the asteroid Eros, and the planets Mercury and Pluto. It has developed more than 100 biomedical devices, many in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.
Akin to the Washington, D.C. campus for the School of Arts & Sciences, the APL also is the primary campus for master's degrees in a variety of STEM fields.

Other campuses




The Johns Hopkins entity is structured as two corporations, the university and The Johns Hopkins Health System, formed in 1986. The President is JHU's chief executive officer, and the university is organized into nine academic divisions.JHU's bylaws specify a Board of Trustees of between 18 and 65 voting members. Trustees serve six-year terms subject to a two-term limit. The alumni select 12 trustees. Four recent alumni serve 4-year terms, one per year, typically from the graduating class. The bylaws prohibit students, faculty or administrative staff from serving on the Board, except the President as an ex-officio trustee. The Johns Hopkins Health System has a separate Board of Trustees, many of whom are doctors or health care executives.


The full-time, four-year undergraduate program is "most selective" with low transfer-in and a high graduate co-existence. The cost of attendance per year is $60,820; however, the average need met is 99%.WEB,weblink JHU College Profile Money Matters, College Data, November 23, 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 1, 2013, mdy-all, The university is one of fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities (AAU); it is also a member of the Consortium on Financing Higher Education (COFHE) and the Universities Research Association (URA).


JHU's undergraduate education is ranked 10th among U.S. "national universities" by U.S. News & World Report for 2019.MAGAZINE,weblink National Universities Rankings, U.S. News & World Report, February 23, 2017, live,weblink February 23, 2017, mdy-all, For medical research U.S. News & World Report ranks the School of Medicine in 2017 tied for 3rd in the U.S.MAGAZINE,weblink U.S. News Best Grad School Rankings: Johns Hopkins University, U.S. News & World Report, February 23, 2017, live,weblink February 24, 2017, mdy-all, and the Bloomberg School of Public Health 1st. The School of Nursing was ranked 1st nationally for master's degrees. The QS Top Universities ranked Johns Hopkins University No. 5 in the world for medicine.WEB,weblink QS World University Rankings by Subject 2016 – Medicine, QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited, February 23, 2017, live,weblink February 24, 2017, mdy-all, {{As of|2008||df=}}, Hopkins ranked No. 1 nationally in receipt of federal research funds, and was the top recipient of NIH research grants in 2019, both in terms of dollar amount and number of grants. In 2016, the Johns Hopkins Hospital was ranked the No. 4 hospital in the United States by the U.S. News & World Report annual ranking of American hospitals.MAGAZINE,weblink 2016–17 Best Hospitals Honor Roll, U.S. News & World Report, February 23, 2017, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 2, 2016, The School of Education is ranked No. 2 nationally by U.S. News & World Report for 2017. In 2015, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) ranked 2nd in the world in Foreign Policy's Top Master's Programs for Policy Career in International Relations ranking.WEB,weblink Foreign Policy:Top Master's Programs for Policy Career in International Relations, August 3, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink July 29, 2015, mdy-all, ">

Undergraduate admissions{|style"text-align:center; float:right; font-size:85%; margin-left:2em; margin:10px;" class"wikitable"

! colspan="2" | Johns Hopkins UniversityWEB,weblink More than 3,000 admitted to Johns Hopkins University's Class of 2020 | Hub,, March 18, 2016, March 18, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 21, 2016, mdy-all, |Class of 2023 Applicants 32,231|Class of 2023 Admitted (n, %) 2,950 (9.2%)|SAT Range (1600 scale, middle 50th percentile, 2022 data) 1480–1550|ACT Range (middle 50th percentile, 2022 data) 33–35The university's undergraduate programs are most selective: in 2019, the Office of Admissions accepted 7.6% of its 30,163 Regular Decision applicants.NEWS,weblink Hopkins admits 2,284 students to the class of 2022, The Johns Hopkins News-Letter, 2018-03-17, In 2016, 95% of admitted students graduated in the top tenth of their high school class and the inter-quartile range on the SAT composite score was 1440–1560.WEB,weblink More than 3,000 admitted to Johns Hopkins University's Class of 2020 = 2016, March 18, 2016,, Johns Hopkins University, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 21, 2016, mdy-all, In 2013, 96.8% of freshmen returned after the first year and 88% of students graduated in 4 years.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins University, 2014, March 4, 2015,, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 6, 2015, mdy-all, The average GPA of enrolled freshmen in the class of 2018 is 3.88.WEB,weblink A quick look at the Johns Hopkins University Class of 2018, August 21, 2014, March 4, 2015, JHU Hub, Hub staff report, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 26, 2015, mdy-all, Over time, applications to Johns Hopkins University have risen steadily. As a result, the selectivity of Johns Hopkins University has also increased. Early Decision is an option at Johns Hopkins University for students who wish to demonstrate that the university is their first choice. These students, if admitted, are required to enroll. This application is due November 2. Most students, however, apply Regular Decision, which is a traditional non-binding round. These applications are due January 1 and students are notified in late March.{|style="text-align:center; float:right; font-size:85%; margin-left:2em; margin:10px;" class="wikitable"|+ Population! Year!! Applicants !! Growth !! Acceptance rate !! Accepted !! Enrolled || Yield 46.5%FIRST1=HUB STAFF REPORT / PUBLISHEDLAST2=2018WEBSITE=THE HUB, 45.6%ACCESSDATE=2017-04-09 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20170411055136/HTTP://WWW.JHUNEWSLETTER.COM/2017/03/17/HOPKINS-ADMITS-3117-STUDENTS-TO-THE-CLASS-OF-2021/ DF=MDY-ALL, 43.3%ACCESSDATE=2016-03-18 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20160321063008/HTTP://HUB.JHU.EDU/2016/03/18/JOHNS-HOPKINS-CLASS-OF-2020-ADMISSIONS DF=MDY-ALL, 42.2%ACCESSDATE=2015-11-11 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20151104092112/HTTP://HUB.JHU.EDU/2015/08/20/CLASS-OF-2019-FACTS DF=MDY-ALL, 42.7%| 39.5%ACCESSDATE=2013-08-26 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130826163517/HTTP://HUB.JHU.EDU/2013/08/26/CLASS-OF-2017-BY-THE-NUMBERS DF=MDY-ALL, 37.5%| 37.5%| 37%| 33%| 31%


File:George-peabody-library.jpg|thumb|The George Peabody LibraryGeorge Peabody LibraryThe Johns Hopkins University Library system houses more than 3.6 million volumes and includes ten main divisions across the university's campuses. The largest segment of this system is the Sheridan Libraries, encompassing the Milton S. Eisenhower Library (the main library of the Homewood campus), the Brody Learning Commons, the Hutzler Reading Room ("The Hut") in Gilman Hall, the John Work Garrett Library at Evergreen House, and the George Peabody Library at the Peabody Institute campus.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, September 23, 2012, The Sheridan Libraries, March 4, 2015,, The main library, constructed in the 1960s, was named for Milton S. Eisenhower, former president of the university and brother of former U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower. The university's stacks had previously been housed in Gilman Hall and departmental libraries. Only two of the Eisenhower library's six stories are above ground, though the building was designed so that every level receives natural light. The design accords with campus lore that no structure can be taller than Gilman Hall, the flagship academic building. A four-story expansion to the library, known as the Brody Learning Commons, opened in August 2012. The expansion features an energy-efficient, state-of-the-art technology infrastructure and includes study spaces, seminar rooms, and a rare books collection.WEB, Brody Learning Commons Opens at Johns Hopkins' Homewood Campus,weblink JHU, December 27, 2012,

Johns Hopkins University Press

The Johns Hopkins University Press is the publishing division of the Johns Hopkins University. It was founded in 1878 and holds the distinction of being the oldest continuously running university press in the United States. To date the Press has published more than 6,000 titles and currently publishes 65 scholarly periodicals and over 200 new books each year. Since 1993, the Johns Hopkins University Press has run Project MUSE, an online collection of over 250 full-text, peer-reviewed journals in the humanities and social sciences. The Press also houses the Hopkins Fulfilment Services (HFS), which handles distribution for a number of university presses and publishers. Taken together, the three divisions of the Press—Books, Journals (including MUSE) and HFS—make it one of the largest of America's university presses.

Degrees offered

Johns Hopkins offers a number of degrees including BA and BS for undergraduate student and MA, MS and Ph.D.WEB,weblink Fields of Study, March 11, 2015, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 17, 2015, mdy-all, Because Hopkins offers both undergraduate and graduate areas of study, many disciplines have multiple degrees available. Biomedical engineering, perhaps one of Hopkins' best-known programs, offers Bachelor's, Master's, Graduate and Ph.D degrees.WEB,weblink Biomedical Engineering, March 11, 2015, Whiting School of Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 3, 2015, mdy-all,


The opportunity to participate in important research is one of the distinguishing characteristics of Hopkins' undergraduate education. About 80 percent of undergraduates perform independent research, often alongside top researchers. In FY 2013, Johns Hopkins received $2.2 billion in federal research grants—more than any other U.S. university for the 35th consecutive year. Johns Hopkins has had seventy-seven (77) members of the Institute of Medicine, forty-three (43) Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators, seventeen (17) members of the National Academy of Engineering, and sixty-two (62) members of the National Academy of Sciences. As of October 2019, 39 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with the university as alumni, faculty members or researchers, with the most recent winners being Gregg Semenza and William G. Kaelin.File:New Horizons LORRI.jpg|thumb|Installing a New HorizonsNew HorizonsBetween 1999 and 2009, Johns Hopkins was among the most cited institutions in the world. It attracted nearly 1,222,166 citations and produced 54,022 papers under its name, ranking #3 globally (after Harvard University and the Max Planck Society) in the number of total citations published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals over 22 fields in America.File:15-150-NasaTeam-NewHorizonsCallsHomeAfterPlutoFlyby-20150714.jpg|thumb|right|View of Mission Operations at the Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, MD. ]]In FY 2000, Johns Hopkins received $95.4 million in research grants from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), making it the leading recipient of NASA research and development funding. In FY 2002, Hopkins became the first university to cross the $1 billion threshold on either list, recording $1.14 billion in total research and $1.023 billion in federally sponsored research. In FY 2008, Johns Hopkins University performed $1.68 billion in science, medical and engineering research, making it the leading U.S. academic institution in total R&D spending for the 30th year in a row, according to a National Science Foundation (NSF) ranking. These totals include grants and expenditures of JHU's Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland.The Johns Hopkins University also offers the "Center for Talented Youth" program—a nonprofit organization dedicated to identifying and developing the talents of the most promising K-12 grade students worldwide. As part of the Johns Hopkins University, the "Center for Talented Youth" or CTY helps fulfill the university's mission of preparing students to make significant future contributions to the world.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 11, 2016, mdy-all, The Johns Hopkins Digital Media Center (DMC) is a multimedia lab space as well as an equipment, technology and knowledge resource for students interested in exploring creative uses of emerging media and use of technology.WEB,weblink Digital Media Center,, May 23, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 28, 2014, mdy-all, In 2013, the Bloomberg Distinguished Professorships program was established by a $250 million gift from Michael Bloomberg. This program enables the university to recruit fifty researchers from around the world to joint appointments throughout the nine divisions and research centers. Each professor must be a leader in interdisciplinary research and be active in undergraduate education.Anderson, Nick. " Bloomberg pledges $350 million to Johns Hopkins University " {{webarchive|url= |date=October 2, 2017 }}, The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., January 23, 2013. Retrieved on March 12, 2015.Barbaro, Michael. "$1.1 Billion in Thanks From Bloomberg to Johns Hopkins" {{webarchive|url= |date=June 11, 2017 }}, The New York Times, New York, January 26, 2013. Retrieved on March 1, 2015. Directed by Vice Provost for Research Denis Wirtz, there are currently thirty two Bloomberg Distinguished Professors at the university, including three Nobel Laureates, eight fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, ten members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and thirteen members of the National Academies.Johns Hopkins Fact Book. "Johns Hopkins Fact Book" {{webarchive|url= |date=February 26, 2015 }}, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, March 1, 2015. Retrieved on May 12, 2015.

Research centers and institutes






Student life

(File:The Beach, JHU.jpg|thumb|right|Students socializing on The Beach, with Homewood House in the background)Charles Village, the region of North Baltimore surrounding the university, has undergone several restoration projects, and the university has gradually bought the property around the school for additional student housing and dormitories. The Charles Village Project, completed in 2008, brought new commercial spaces to the neighborhood. The project included Charles Commons, a new, modern residence hall that includes popular retail franchises. In 2015, the University began development of new commercial properties, including a modern upperclassmen apartment complex, restaurants and eateries, and a CVS retail store.WEB,weblink Construction begins on mixed-use development project near JHU's Homewood campus, March 26, 2015, The Hub, February 18, 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 18, 2017, mdy-all, Hopkins invested in improving campus life with an arts complex in 2001, the Mattin Center, and a three-story sports facility, the O'Connor Recreation Center. The large on-campus dining facilities at Homewood were renovated in the summer of 2006.Quality of life is enriched by the proximity of neighboring academic institutions, including Loyola College, Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA), UMBC, Goucher College, and Towson University, as well as the nearby neighborhoods of Hampden, the Inner Harbor, Fells Point, and Mount Vernon.

Student organizations

{{See also|List of defunct Johns Hopkins University societies}}

Greek life

Greek life came to Hopkins in 1876 with the charter of fraternity Beta Theta Pi, which still exists on campus today.WEB,weblink The Beginning of Greek Life at Hopkins, March 6, 2014, February 26, 2015, Student Life @ Hopkins, live,weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all, Since, Johns Hopkins has become home to nine sororities and 11 fraternities. Of the nine sororities, five belong to the National Panhellenic Conference and four to the Multicultural Greek Council Sororities. Of the fraternities, all 11 belong to the Inter-Fraternity Council. Over 1,000 students participate in Greek life, with 23% of women and 20% of men taking part.WEB,weblink Rosters of Fraternities and Sororities at the Johns Hopkins University, February 26, 2015, Johns Hopkins University Student Life, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Student Life Facts, February 25, 2015, Johns Hopkins University, dead,weblink December 20, 2014, mdy-all, Greek life has expanded its reach at Hopkins in recent decades, as only 15% of the student body participated in 1989.WEB,weblink The Beginning of Greek Life at Hopkins, March 6, 2014, February 26, 2015, Student Life @ JHU, live,weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all, Rush for all students occurs in the spring. Most fraternities keep houses in Charles Village while sororities do not.Johns Hopkins Greek life has been largely representative of its increasing diversity with the installment of Alpha Phi Alpha, a historically black fraternity, in 1991 and Lambda Phi Epsilon, an Asian-interest fraternity in 1994 among others.WEB,weblink The Beginning of Greek Life at Hopkins, 2015, February 26, 2015, Student Life @ JHU, live,weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all,

Spring Fair

Spring Fair has been a Johns Hopkins tradition since 1972 and has since grown to be the largest student-run festival in the country.WEB,weblink Spring Fair, 2015, February 26, 2015, JHU Spring Fair, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 26, 2015, mdy-all, Popular among Hopkins students and Baltimore inhabitants alike, Spring Fair features carnival rides, vendors, food and a beer garden. Since its beginning, Spring Fair has decreased in size, both in regard to attendance and utilization of space. While one point, the Fair attracted upwards of 100,000 people, it became unruly and, for a variety of reasons including safety concerns and a campus beautification project in the early 2000s, had to be scaled back.WEB,weblink Spring Fair, March 5, 2014, February 26, 2015, Student Life @ JHU, live,weblink February 27, 2015, mdy-all,


(File:JHUQuad.jpg|thumb|Lighting of the Quad)While it has been speculated that Johns Hopkins has relatively few traditions for a school of its age and that many past traditions have been forgotten, a handful of myths and customs are ubiquitous knowledge among the community. One such long-standing myth surrounds the university seal that is embedded into the floor of the Gilman Hall foyer. The myth holds that any current student to step on the seal will never graduate. In reverence for this tradition, the seal has been fenced off from the rest of the room.An annual event is the Lighting of the Quad, a ceremony each winter during which the campus is lit up in holiday lights. Recent years have included singing and fireworks.


(File:AMR I, JHU.jpg|thumb|right|Alumni Memorial Residence I, a freshman dormitory)Living on campus is typically required for first- and second-year undergraduates. Freshman housing is centered around Freshman Quad, which consists of three residence hall complexes: The two Alumni Memorial Residences (AMR I and AMR II) plus Buildings A and B. The AMR dormitories are each divided into houses, subunits named for figures from the university's early history. Freshmen are also housed in Wolman Hall and in certain wings of McCoy Hall, both located slightly outside the campus. Dorms at Hopkins are generally co-ed with same-gender rooms, though a new policy has allowed students to live in mixed-gender rooms since Fall 2014.Students determine where they will live during Sophomore year through a housing lottery. Most juniors and seniors move into nearby apartments or row-houses. Non-freshmen in university housing occupy one of four buildings: McCoy Hall, the Bradford Apartments, the Homewood Apartments, and Charles Commons. All are located in Charles Village within a block from the Homewood campus. Forty-five percent of the student body lives off-campus while 55% lives on campus.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins University Student Life, February 26, 2015, US News & World Report, US News & World Report, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 15, 2015, mdy-all,


Athletic teams are called Blue Jays. Even though sable and gold are used for academic robes, the university's athletic colors are Columbia blue (PMS 284) and black. Hopkins celebrates Homecoming in the spring to coincide with the height of the lacrosse season. The Men's and Women's lacrosse teams are in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I. Other teams are in Division III and participate in the Centennial Conference.WEB,weblink Athletics, March 11, 2015, Hopkins Sports, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 12, 2015, mdy-all, JHU is also home to the Lacrosse Museum and National Hall of Fame, maintained by US Lacrosse.WEB,weblink Hall of Fame, March 11, 2015, US Lacrosse, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 17, 2015, mdy-all,

Men's lacrosse

File:JHU 001.jpg|thumb|Johns Hopkins Men's Lacrosse at Homewood FieldHomewood FieldThe school's most prominent team is its men's lacrosse team. The team has won 44 national titlesWEB,weblink National Championships, February 26, 2015, Hopkins Sports, Johns Hopkins University, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 12, 2015, mdy-all, – nine Division I (2007, 2005, 1987, 1985, 1984, 1980, 1979, 1978, 1974), 29 United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (USILA), and six Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (ILA) titles. Hopkins' primary national rivals are Princeton University, Syracuse University, and the University of Virginia; its primary intrastate rivals are Loyola University Maryland (competing in what is called the "Charles Street Massacre"), Towson University, the United States Naval Academy, and the University of Maryland.WEB,weblink For six days in April, the Blue Jays prepped for their historic 100th battle against the Maryland Terrapins. Go inside the locker room and onto the field with the men's lacrosse team., June 2004, March 11, 2015, Johns Hopkins Magazine, Keiger, Dale, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 10, 2014, mdy-all, The rivalry with Maryland is the oldest. The schools have met 111 times since 1899, three times in playoff matches.On June 3, 2013, it was announced that the Blue Jays would join the Big Ten Conference for men's lacrosse when that league begins sponsoring the sport in the 2015 season (2014–15 school year).WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse joins Big Ten Conference, July 2013, March 11, 2015, JHU Hub, Rienzi, Greg, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, mdy-all,

Women's lacrosse

The women's team is a member of the Big Ten Conference and a former member of the American Lacrosse Conference (ALC). The Lady Blue Jays were ranked number 18 in the 2015 Inside Lacrosse Women's DI Media Poll.WEB,weblink Inside Lacrosse Division 1 Women's Media Top 20, 2015, February 26, 2015, Inside Lacrosse, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 27, 2015, mdy-all, They ranked number 8 in the 2007 Intercollegiate Women's Lacrosse Coaches Association (IWLCA) Poll Division I. The team finished the 2012 season with a 9–9 record and finished the 2013 season with a 10–7 record. They finished the 2014 season 15–5.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins in the Polls, March 11, 2015, Hopkins Sports, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 2, 2015, mdy-all, On June 17, 2015, it was announced that the Blue Jays would join the Big Ten Conference for women's lacrosse in the 2017 season (2016–17 school year).

Other teams

Hopkins has notable Division III Athletic teams. JHU Men's Swimming won three consecutive NCAA Championships in 1977, 1978, and 1979. In 2009–2010, Hopkins won 8 Centennial Conference titles in Women's Cross Country, Women's Track & Field, Baseball, Men's and Women's Soccer, Football, and Men's and Women's Tennis. The Women's Cross Country team became the first women's team at Hopkins to achieve a #1 National ranking. In 2006–2007 teams won Centennial Conference titles in Baseball, Men's and Women's Soccer, Men's and Women's Tennis and Men's Basketball. Women's soccer won their Centennial Conference title for 7 consecutive years from 2005–2011. In the 2013–2014 school year, Hopkins earned 12 Centennial Conference titles, most notably from the cross country and track & field teams, which accounted for six.WEB,weblink Conference Championships, March 11, 2015, Hopkins Sports, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 12, 2015, mdy-all, Hopkins has an acclaimed fencing team, which ranked in the top three Division III teams in the past few years and in both 2008 and 2007 defeated the University of North Carolina, a Division I team. In 2008, they defeated UNC and won the MACFA championship.WEB,weblink Men's Fencing, March 11, 2015, Hopkins Sports, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 12, 2015, mdy-all, The Swimming team ranked highly in NCAA Division III for the last 10 years, most recently placing second at DIII Nationals in 2008. The Water Polo team was number one in Division III for several of the past years, playing a full schedule against Division I opponents. Hopkins also has a century-old rivalry with McDaniel College (formerly Western Maryland College), playing the Green Terrors 83 times in football since the first game in 1894. In 2009 the football team reached the quarterfinals of the NCAA Division III tournament, with three tournament appearances since 2005. In 2008, the baseball team ranked second, losing in the final game of the DIII College World Series to Trinity College.The Johns Hopkins squash team plays in the College Squash Association as a club team along with Division I and III varsity programs. In 2011–12 the squash team finished 30th in the ranking.WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins: 2012 – 2013 Men's College Squash Season Preview, College Squash Association, April 17, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 18, 2013, mdy-all,

Noted people

Nobel laureates

{{as of|2019|October|df=}}, there have been 39 Nobel Laureates who either attended the university as undergraduate or graduate students, or were faculty members. Woodrow Wilson, who received his PhD from Johns Hopkins in 1886, was Hopkins' first affiliated laureate, winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919. Twenty-three laureates were faculty members, five earned PhDs, eight earned M.D.s, and Francis Peyton Rous and Martin Rodbell earned undergraduate degrees.As of October 2019, eighteen Johns Hopkins laureates have won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Four Nobel Prizes were shared by Johns Hopkins laureates: George Minot and George Whipple won the 1934 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser won the 1944 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Daniel Nathans and Hamilton O. Smith won the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, and David H. Hubel and Torsten N. Wiesel won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.Four Johns Hopkins laureates won Nobel Prizes in Physics, including Riccardo Giacconi in 2002WEB,weblink The Nobel Prize in Physics 2002, March 13, 2009, Nobel Foundation, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 24, 2009, mdy-all, and Bloomberg Distinguished Professor Adam Riess in 2011.WEB,weblink The Nobel Prize in Physics 2011, June 2, 2012, Nobel Foundation, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 1, 2012, mdy-all, Bloomberg Distinguished Professor Peter Agre was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (which he shared with Roderick MacKinnon) for his discovery of aquaporins.WEB, Karl Grandin, ed., Peter Agre Biography,weblink Les Prix Nobel, The Nobel Foundation, 2003, July 29, 2008, live,weblink" title="">weblink July 6, 2008, mdy-all, Bloomberg Distinguished Professor Carol Greider was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, along with Blackburn and Jack W. Szostak, for their discovery that telomeres are protected from progressive shortening by the enzyme telomerase.WEB,weblink Blackburn, Greider, and Szostak share Nobel, Dolan DNA Learning Center, October 5, 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 22, 2009,

See also



WEB, Johns Hopkins Fact Book, September 2019,weblink September 14, 2019, {{Self-published source|date=September 2019}}WEB, Facts at a Glance,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink December 26, 2007, mdy-all, {{Self-published source|date=September 2019}}WEB,weblink Our Residence Halls, Johns Hopkins University Housing and Dining Department, Johns Hopkins, October 8, 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 18, 2012, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Freshman Room Selection Brochure, Johns Hopkins University Housing and Dining Department, Johns Hopkins, October 8, 2011, {{dead link|date=November 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}NEWS,weblink If These Halls Could Talk, Johns Hopkins Magazine, Maria, Blackburn, February 2006, November 24, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 3, 2012, mdy-all, WEB, History and Divisions,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 28, 2014, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Homewood Campus, March 2, 2015,, Johns Hopkins University, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 6, 2015, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Campuses of the Johns Hopkins University, March 2, 2015,, Johns Hopkins University, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 28, 2015, mdy-all, WEB,weblink In a Sea of White Faces,, September 24, 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 11, 2011, mdy-all, WEB, Inaugural Address of Daniel Coit Gilman,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 10, 2011, mdy-all, WEB,weblink index,, January 21, 2010, March 25, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 26, 2009, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing | Research | CCIR |,, March 25, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 8, 2010, mdy-all, NEWS, JHU #1 recipient of NASA research grants: Dollars From Heaven: NASA-funded research small but vital,weblink Johns Hopkins University, June 25, 2009, Byron, Spice, February 17, 2003, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 6, 2008, mdy-all, {{webarchive |url= |date=February 9, 2010 }}WEB, Lunday, Amy, Class of 2016 nets highest yield at Homewood,weblink JHU Gazette, The Johns Hopkins University, June 12, 2012, WEB, Johns Hopkins Freshman Room Selection Brochure,weblink Johns Hopkins University Housing and Dining Department, Johns Hopkins, October 8, 2011, {{dead link|date=November 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Medicine Adds Four to Board, November 19, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 3, 2011, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Medicine: Research Centers & CORE Facilities,, March 25, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 13, 2010, mdy-all, WEB, Johns Hopkins News Release – JHU,weblink Johns Hopkins University, 2001, January 1, 2007, dead,weblink" title="">weblink September 5, 2006, mdy-all, NEWS,weblink The NSA's next move: silencing university professors?,, 2013, September 29, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 17, 2013, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins University Facts at a Glance, JHU, 2009, April 12, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 14, 2008, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering,, March 25, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 25, 2010, mdy-all, WEB,weblink], Johns Hopkins University, November 19, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 18, 2011, mdy-all, WEB, Krieger School of Arts & Sciences,weblink Johns Hopkins University, 2006, December 6, 2006,weblink" title="">weblink November 26, 2006, weblink" title="">, Medicine in Maryland 1752–1920WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins hoping to revive East Baltimore neighborhood on its border, March 29, 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink July 17, 2014, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1934, March 13, 2009, Nobel Foundation, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 16, 2009, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1944, March 13, 2009, Nobel Foundation, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 18, 2009, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1978, March 13, 2009, Nobel Foundation, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 7, 2009, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1981, March 13, 2009, Nobel Foundation, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 12, 2009, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Division III Men's Swimming & Diving Championship History,, January 23, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 24, 2013, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins Launches New Schools of Business, Education, December 5, 2006, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 13, 2006, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Johns Hopkins leads nation in research spending for 35th year in a row, Jill, Rosen, February 2015, May 24, 2015, {{dead link|date=March 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}WEB,weblink JHU Board of Trustees Overview, November 19, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 20, 2011, mdy-all, Ronald Paulson English Literary History at the Johns Hopkins University in New Literary History, Vol. 1, No. 3, History and Fiction (Spring, 1970), pp. 559–564WEB,weblink Nobel Peace Prize 1919, Nobel Foundation, January 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 20, 2009, mdy-all, NEWS, Top 25 NIH-Funded Institutions, Philippidis, Alex, Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, September 2019, 16, 39, 9,weblink registration, September 14, 2019, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, December 15, 2008, Programs, Centers & Institutes,, March 25, 2010, WEB, Lunday, Amy, Class of 2015 moves in,weblink Reporter, The JHU Gazette, June 14, 2011, WEB,weblink Research and Centers at the School of Public Health,, March 25, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 31, 2010, mdy-all, WEB,weblink SAIS Research Centers,, March 25, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 15, 2010, mdy-all, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, August 12, 2007, School of Education at Johns Hopkins University-Columbia Center,, March 25, 2010, WEB,weblink 2009 The Most-Cited Institutions Overall, 1999–2009,, 2009, September 17, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 5, 2009, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Gender Inclusive Housing, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 7, 2016, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The 125th Anniversary of The Johns Hopkins University,, March 25, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 27, 2010, mdy-all, WEB, There is only one Johns Hopkins,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 7, 2010, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Johns Hopkins University: Nobel Prize Winners,, September 24, 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 8, 2014, mdy-all, WEB,weblink The Official Athletic Site of Johns Hopkins University – Athletic Quick Facts,, September 24, 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 7, 2011, mdy-all, WEB,weblink In the Finest Tradition, Johns Hopkins Magazine, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 18, 2012, mdy-all, The Johns Hopkins University Circular 1886, p.65WEB, Who Was Johns Hopkins?,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 8, 2010, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Nobel Prize Winners, Johns Hopkins University, March 14, 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 8, 2014, mdy-all, WEB,weblink A Timeline of Women at Hopkins,, September 24, 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 27, 2011, mdy-all, }}

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Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott