SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Jocelyn Bell Burnell

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{EngvarB|date=January 2019}}{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2017}}







factoids

| image = File:Launch of IYA 2009, Paris - Grygar, Bell Burnell cropped.jpg
| image_size =
| caption = Bell Burnell in 2009
| birth_name = Susan Jocelyn Bell
| birth_date = {{birth date and age|df=yes|1943|7|15}}{{sfn|Who's Who|2017}}
| birth_place = Lurgan, Northern Ireland{{sfn|Lurgan Mail|2007}}
| death_date =
| death_place =
| nationality =
| workplaces = {hide}Plainlist |


{edih}
| education = {hide}Plainlist|


{edih}
| alma_mater = {hide}Plainlist |


{edih}
| thesis_title = The Measurement of radio source diameters using a diffraction method
| thesis_url =weblink
| thesis_year = 1968
| doctoral_advisor = Antony Hewish{{sfn|Bell|1968}}{{sfn|Hewish|Bell|Pilkington|Scott|1968|p=709}}{{sfn|Pilkington|Hewish|Bell|Cole|1968|p=126}}
| known_for = Co-discovering the first four pulsars{{sfn|Bell Burnell|2007|pp=579–581}}
| influences = {hide}Plainlist|
  • Fred Hoyle Frontiers of Astronomy (1955)
  • Henry Tillott{{sfn|AIP|2000{edih} (her school physics teacher)


}}
| website = {{URLweblink}}
| spouse = {{marriage|Martin Burnell|1968|1993|end=div.}}
| children = Gavin Burnell
| field = Astrophysics
| prizes = {{Plainlist|


}}
| module = {{Listen
| embed = yes
| filename = Dame Jocelyn Bell-Burnell BBC Radio4 The Life Scientific 25 Oct 2010 b016812j.flac
| title = Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell's voice
| type = speech
| description = from the BBC programme The Life Scientific, 25 October 2011.{{sfn|The Life Scientific|2011}}
}}
}}Dame Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell {{postnominals|country=GBR|DBE|FRS|FRSE|FRAS|FInstP}} ({{IPAc-en|b|Éœr|ˈ|n|É›|l}}; born 15 July 1943) is an astrophysicist from Northern Ireland who, as a postgraduate student, co-discovered the first radio pulsars in 1967.{{sfn|Cosmic Search Vol. 1}} She was credited with "one of the most significant scientific achievements of the 20th century".{{sfn|BBC Scotland|2014}} The discovery was recognised by the award of the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics, but despite the fact that she was the first to observe the pulsars,{{sfn|Hargittai|2003|p=240}} Bell was not one of the recipients of the prize.{{sfn|Tesh|Wade|2017|pp=31–33}}The paper announcing the discovery of pulsars had five authors. Bell's thesis supervisor Antony Hewish{{sfn|Hewish|Bell|Pilkington|Scott|1968|p=709}}{{sfn|Pilkington|Hewish|Bell|Cole|1968|p=126}} was listed first, Bell second. Hewish was awarded the Nobel Prize, along with the astronomer Martin Ryle. Many prominent astronomers criticised Bell's omission,{{sfn|Westly|2008}} including Sir Fred Hoyle.{{sfn|Judson|2003}}{{sfn|McKie|2010}} In 1977, Bell Burnell played down this controversy, saying, "I believe it would demean Nobel Prizes if they were awarded to research students, except in very exceptional cases, and I do not believe this is one of them."{{sfn|NYAS|1977}} The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in its press release announcing the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics,{{sfn|Nobelprize.org|1974}} cited Ryle and Hewish for their pioneering work in radio-astrophysics, with particular mention of Ryle's work on aperture-synthesis technique, and Hewish's decisive role in the discovery of pulsars.Bell Burnell served as president of the Royal Astronomical Society from 2002 to 2004, as president of the Institute of Physics from October 2008 until October 2010, and as interim president of the Institute following the death of her successor, Marshall Stoneham, in early 2011.In 2018, she was awarded the Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. Following the announcement of the award, she decided to give the whole of the £2.3 million prize money to help female, minority, and refugee students seeking to become physics researchers, the funds to be administered by the Institute of Physics.{{sfn|Sample|2018}}{{sfn|Kaplan|Farzan|2018}} The resulting bursary scheme is to be known as the "Bell Burnell Graduate Scholarship Fund".{{sfn|Ghosh|2019}}{{sfn|IoP|2019}}

Education and early life

(File:Susan Jocelyn Bell (Burnell), 1967.jpg|thumb|right|upright|Jocelyn Bell, June 1967)Jocelyn Bell was born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland, to M. Allison and G. Philip Bell.{{sfn|Lurgan Mail|2007}}{{sfn|Who's Who|2017}} Her father was an architect who had helped design the Armagh Planetarium,{{sfn|Johnston|2007|pp=2–3}} and during visits she was encouraged by the staff to pursue astronomy professionally.{{sfn|Bertsch McGrayne|1998}} Young Jocelyn also discovered her father's books on astronomy.She grew up in Lurgan and attended the Preparatory Department{{efn|The Preparatory Department of Lurgan College closed in 2004,{{sfn|Lurgan College history}} the college becoming a selective grammar school for ages 14–19.}} of Lurgan College from 1948 to 1956,{{sfn|Lurgan Mail|2007}} where she, like the other girls, was not permitted to study science until her parents (and others) protested against the school's policy. Previously, the girls' curriculum had included such subjects as cooking and cross-stitching rather than science.{{sfn|Kaufman|2016}}She failed the eleven-plus exam and her parents sent her to The Mount School,{{sfn|Who's Who|2017}} a Quaker girls' boarding school in York, England. There she was favourably impressed by her physics teacher, Mr Tillott, and stated: }}Bell Burnell was the subject of the first part of the BBC Four three-part series Beautiful Minds, directed by Jacqui Farnham.{{sfn|BBC|2011b}}

Career and research

File:Chart Showing Radio Signal of First Identified Pulsar.jpg|thumb|upright|Chart on which Burnell first recognised evidence of a pulsarpulsarFile:Chandra-crab.jpg|thumb|right|Composite Optical/X-ray image of the Crab Nebula, showing synchrotron emission in the surrounding pulsar wind nebulapulsar wind nebulaShe graduated from the University of Glasgow with a Bachelor of Science degree in Natural Philosophy (physics), with honours, in 1965 and obtained a PhD degree from the University of Cambridge in 1969. At Cambridge, she attended New Hall, Cambridge, and worked with Hewish and others to construct{{efn|"... upon entering the faculty, each student was issued a set of tools: a pair of pliers, a pair of long-nose pliers, a wire cutter, and a screwdriver...", said during a public lecture in Montreal during the 40 Years of Pulsars conference, 14 August 2007}} the Interplanetary Scintillation Array to study quasars, which had recently been discovered.{{efn|Interplanetary scintillation allows compact sources to be distinguished from extended ones.{{citation needed|date=January 2018}}}}In July 1967, she detected a bit of "scruff" on her chart-recorder papers that tracked across the sky with the stars.{{sfn|The Open University}} She established that the signal was pulsing with great regularity, at a rate of about one pulse every one and a third seconds. Temporarily dubbed "Little Green Man 1" (LGM-1) the source (now known as PSR B1919+21) was identified after several years as a rapidly rotating neutron star. This was later documented by the BBC Horizon series.{{sfn|BBC|2010}}She worked at the University of Southampton between 1968 and 1973, University College London from 1974 to 82 and the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh (1982–91). From 1973 to 1987 she was a tutor, consultant, examiner, and lecturer for the Open University.{{sfn|Jocelyn Bell Burnell profile}} In 1986, she became the project manager for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii.{{sfn|Notable Women|1997}} She was Professor of Physics at the Open University from 1991 to 2001. She was also a visiting professor at Princeton University in the United States and Dean of Science at the University of Bath (2001–04),{{sfn|University of Bath|2004}} and President of the Royal Astronomical Society between 2002 and 2004.Bell Burnell is currently Visiting Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Oxford, and a Fellow of Mansfield College.{{sfn|UoO|2007}} She was President of the Institute of Physics between 2008 and 2010.{{sfn|Institute of Physics: Council}} In February 2018 she was appointed Chancellor of the University of Dundee.{{sfn|Univ of Dundee|2018}} In 2018, Bell Burnell visited Parkes, NSW, to deliver the keynote John Bolton lecture at the CWAS AstroFest event.{{sfn|Warren|Thackray|2018}}{{sfn|CWAS|2018}}In 2018, she was awarded the Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics, worth three million dollars (£2.3 million), for her discovery of radio pulsars.{{sfn|Merali|2018}} The Special Prize, in contrast to the regular annual prize, is not restricted to recent discoveries.{{sfn|Breakthrough Prize|2018}} She donated all of the money "to fund women, under-represented ethnic minority and refugee students to become physics researchers",{{sfn|Ghosh|2018}} the funds to be administered by the Institute of Physics.{{sfn|Kaplan|Farzan|2018}}

Nobel Prize controversy

That Bell did not receive recognition in the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics has been a point of controversy ever since. She helped build the Interplanetary Scintillation Array over two years{{sfn|The Life Scientific|2011}} and initially noticed the anomaly, sometimes reviewing as much as {{Convert|96|ft}} of paper data per night. Bell later claimed that she had to be persistent in reporting the anomaly in the face of scepticism from Hewish, who was initially insistent that it was due to interference and man-made. She spoke of meetings held by Hewish and Ryle to which she was not invited.{{sfn|BBC|2011a}} In 1977, she commented on the issue:}}

Awards

Honours

Publications

Her publications{{Scopus id}}include:
  • BOOK, Broken for Life


, Burnell, S. Jocelyn
, Quaker Home Service, London
, Swarthmore Lecture
, 1989
, 978-0-85245-222-6
, harv
,
  • BOOK, Dark Matter: Poems of Space


, Riordan, Maurice
, Burnell, S. Jocelyn
, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation
, 27 October 2008
, 978-1-903080-10-8
, harv
,

Personal and non-academic life

Bell Burnell is house patron of Burnell House at Cambridge House Grammar School in Ballymena. She has campaigned to improve the status and number of women in professional and academic posts in the fields of physics and astronomy.{{sfn|Bell Burnell|2004|pp=426–89}}{{sfn|Allan|2015}}

Quaker activities and beliefs

From her school days, she has been an active Quaker and served as Clerk to the sessions of Britain Yearly Meeting in 1995, 1996 and 1997. She delivered a Swarthmore Lecture under the title Broken for Life,{{sfn|Burnell|1989}} at Yearly Meeting in Aberdeen on 1 August 1989, and was the plenary speaker at the US Friends General Conference Gathering in 2000.{{citation needed|date=April 2016}} She spoke of her personal religious history and beliefs in an interview with Joan Bakewell in 2006.{{sfn|Bakewell|2010}}Bell Burnell served on the Quaker Peace and Social Witness Testimonies Committee, which produced Engaging with the Quaker Testimonies: a Toolkit in February 2007.{{sfn|QPSW Testimonies Committee|2007|p=?}} In 2013 she gave a James Backhouse Lecture which was published in a book entitled A Quaker Astronomer Reflects: Can a Scientist Also Be Religious?, in which Burnell reflects about how cosmological knowledge can be related to what the Bible, Quakerism or Christian faith states.{{sfn|Bell Burnell|2013|p=11}}

Marriage

In 1968, soon after her discovery, Bell married Martin Burnell; the couple divorced in 1993 after separating in 1989. Her husband was a local government officer, and his career took them to various parts of Britain. She worked part-time for many years while raising her son, Gavin Burnell, who is a member of the condensed matter physics group at the University of Leeds.{{sfn|Condensed Matter Physics Group|2010}}

See also

Notes

{{notelist}}

Citations

{{Reflist|20em}}

Works cited

  • NEWS, From Russia with gong


, Addley, Esther
, The Guardian
,weblink
, 16 June 2007, 30 December 2015
, harv
,
  • NEWS, Face to Face: science star who went under the radar of Nobel Prize judges


, Allan, Vicky
, The Herald (Glasgow), The Herald, Glasgow
,weblink
, 5 January 2015, 30 December 2015
, harv
,
  • WEB, Interview with Jocelyn Bell Burnell


, Bakewell, Joan
, Belief
, BBC
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101109151056weblink">weblink
, 9 November 2010, 9 November 2010
, harv
,
  • WEB, Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize


, American Astronomical Society
,weblink no
,weblink
, 30 December 2015, 30 April 2018
, {{harvid, Aas.org, 1986,
}}
  • WEB, Beautiful Minds, Series 1


, BBC Four
,weblink
, 25 April 2011, 30 December 2015
, {hide}harvid, BBC, 2011a,
{edih}
  • WEB, Beautiful Minds, Series 1, Jocelyn Bell Burnell (Part 1 of 3)


, BBC Four
,weblink
, 24 April 2011, 30 December 2015
, {hide}harvid, BBC, 2011b,
{edih}
  • BOOK, Bell Burnell, Dame (Susan) Jocelyn, (born 15 July 1943), astronomer; Visiting Professor of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, since 2004; President, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 2014–March 2018


, Who's Who (UK)
, Oxford University Press
, subscription
,weblink
, 1 December 2017
, 10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.7157
, {hide}harvid, Who's Who, 2017,
{edih}
  • INTERVIEW, The woman who discovered pulsars: An Interview with Jocelyn Bell Burnell at NRAO (National Radio Astronomy Observatory)


, Bell Burnell, Jocelyn
, Kate Marsh Weatherall; David G. Finley
, Weatherall Technical Applications
,weblink
, 26 October 1995, 2 February 2018
, {hide}harvid, Interview at NRAO, 1995,
{edih}
  • INTERVIEW, Oral History Interviews: Jocelyn Bell Burnell


, Bell Burnell, Jocelyn
, David DeVorkin
, American Institute of Physics, AIP, College Park, MD
,weblink
, 21 May 2000
, {hide}harvid, AIP, 2000,
{edih}
  • JOURNAL, Pulsars 40 Years on


, Bell Burnell, Jocelyn
, Science
, 2007, 318, 5850, 579–581
, 10.1126/science.1150039, 0036-8075, 17962545
, harv
,
  • BOOK, A Quaker Astronomer Reflects: Can a Scientist Also Be Religious?


, Bell Burnell, Jocelyn
, 2013
, Australia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)
, James Backhouse Lecture
,weblink
, 11
, 978-0-646-59239-8
, harv
,
  • JOURNAL, So Few Pulsars, So Few Females


, Bell Burnell, S.J.
, Science
, 2004, 304, 5670, 426–89
, 10.1126/science.304.5670.489, 15105461
, harv
,
  • JOURNAL, Petit Four – After Dinner Speech published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Science Dec 1977


, Bell Burnell, S. Jocelyn
, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
, 1977, 302, 685–689
,weblink
, 1977NYASA.302..685B, 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb37085.x
, {hide}harvid, NYAS, 1977,
{edih}
  • THESIS, PhD, The Measurement of radio source diameters using a diffraction method


, Bell, Susan Jocelyn
, Jocelyn Bell Burnell
, University of Cambridge
, repository.cam.ac.uk
,weblink
, 1968
, 10.17863/CAM.4926, {{EThOS, uk.bl.ethos.449485, | oclc = 500382385
| ref = harv
}}
  • BOOK, Nobel Prize women in science: their lives, struggles, and momentous discoveries, Rev.


, Bertsch McGrayne, Sharon
, 1998
, Carol Pub. Group, Secaucus, N.J.
, 978-0-8065-2025-4, 39633911
, harv
,
  • WEB, Cosmic Search Vol. 1, No. 1 – Little Green Men, White Dwarfs or Pulsars?


,weblink
, {{harvid, Cosmic Search Vol. 1,
}}
  • WEB, Council


, Institute of Physics
,weblink yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110309170409weblink">weblink
, 9 March 2011
, {hide}harvid, Institute of Physics: Council,
{edih}
  • EPISODE, Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell


, The Life Scientific, The Life Scientific
, BBC Radio 4
,weblink
, 25 October 2011, 18 January 2014
, {hide}harvid, The Life Scientific, 2011,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell Appointed Chancellor of the University of Dundee


, University of Dundee
,weblink
, 20 February 2018, 20 February 2018
, {hide}harvid, Univ of Dundee, 2018,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell to be Royal Society's first female president


, BBC Scotland
,weblink
, 5 February 2014, 30 December 2015
, {hide}harvid, BBC Scotland, 2014,
{edih}
  • WEB, Dame Jocelyn Bell-Burnell – 2018 AstroFest Keynote Speaker


, Central West Astronomical Society
,weblink
, 25 July 2018
, {hide}harvid, CWAS, 2018,
{edih}
  • EPISODE, The discovery of pulsars


, Horizon
, BBC
, BBC Two
,weblink
, 1 September 2010
, {hide}harvid, BBC, 2010,
{edih}
  • WEB, Dr Gavin Burnell: Associate Professor in Condensed Matter Physics


, 2010
, Condensed Matter Physics Group, University of Leeds
,weblink
, 28 January 2018
, {hide}harvid, Condensed Matter Physics Group, 2010,
{edih}
  • BOOK, Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943–)


, Eisberg, Joann
, 1997
, Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary
, Shearer, Benjamin F.
, Shearer, Barbara
, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT and London
, 9–14
, 978-0-313-29303-0
, {hide}harvid, Notable Women, 1997,
{edih}
  • WEB, The Franklin Institute Awards &124; the Franklin Institute Science Museum


, Franklin Institute
,weblink
, 3 February 2014, 30 December 2015
, {{harvid, Fi.edu,
}}
  • WEB, Franklin Laureate Database – Albert A. Michelson Medal Laureates


, Franklin Institute
,weblink yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120406103546weblink">weblink
, 15 June 2011, 6 April 2012
, {hide}harvid, Franklin Institute,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Fund to counter physics 'white male bias'


, Ghosh, Pallab
, BBC News
,weblink
, 6 September 2018, 6 September 2018
, harv
,
  • NEWS, Fund to boost female and black physicist numbers


, Ghosh, Pallab
, BBC News
,weblink
, 19 March 2019
, harv
,
  • NEWS, Discoverer of pulsars (aka Little Green Men) reflects on the process of discovery and being a female pioneer


, Gold, Lauren
, Cornell Chronicle
,weblink
, 6 July 2006
, harv
,
  • BOOK, The road to Stockholm: Nobel Prizes, science, and scientists


, Hargittai, István
, Oxford University Press
, 2003, 240
, 2002rost.book.....H, 978-0-19-860785-4
, harv
,
  • JOURNAL, Hawking receives Einstein Award


, Physics Today
, April 1978, 31, 4, 68
, 1978PhT....31d..68., 10.1063/1.2995004
, Jocelyn Bell Burnell, researcher on the staff of the Mullard Space Science Laboratory of University College London, is the recipient of the 1978 J. Robert Oppenheimer Memorial Prize.
, {hide}harvid, AIoP, 1978,
{edih}
  • WEB, Herschel Medal Winners


, Royal Astronomical Society
,weblink PDF, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150924084829weblink">weblink
, 27 December 2016, 24 September 2015
, {hide}harvid, RAS,
{edih}
  • JOURNAL, Observation of a Rapidly Pulsating Radio Source


, Hewish, A.
, Bell, S. J.
, Pilkington, J. D. H.
, Scott, P. F.
, Collins, R. A.
, Nature
, 1968, 217, 5130, 709
, 1968Natur.217..709H, 10.1038/217709a0
, harv
, For the follow-up paper, see {{harvnb|Pilkington|Hewish|Bell|Cole|1968}}.
  • NEWS, IOP and Professor Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell launch new fund to encourage greater diversity in physics


, Institute of Physics
,weblink
, 2019
, {hide}harvid, IoP, 2019,
{edih}
  • WEB, Jansky Home Page


, National Radio Astronomy Observatory
,weblink
, 14 May 2009
, {hide}harvid, Jansky Home Page,
{edih}
  • WEB, Jocelyn Bell Burnell


, Quakers In The World web portal (QITW)
,weblink
, 30 January 2018
, {hide}harvid, QITW, 2018,
{edih}
  • WEB, Jocelyn Bell Burnell Medal and Prize


, Institute of Physics
,weblink
, 28 October 2018
, {hide}harvid, IOP JBB Prize,
{edih}
  • WEB, Jocelyn Bell Burnell profile


, Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics (CWP)
,weblink yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070707232702weblink">weblink
, 7 July 2007, 7 July 2007
, {hide}harvid, Jocelyn Bell Burnell profile,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Jocelyn Bell Burnell retires as Dean


, University of Bath
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070529133512weblink">weblink
, 16 August 2004, 29 May 2007
, {hide}harvid, University of Bath, 2004,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Jocelyn Bell: the true star


, Belfast Telegraph
,weblink
, 13 June 2007, 7 February 2018
, {hide}harvid, Belfast Telegraph, 2007,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Pulsar Pioneer visits us


, Johnston, Colin
, Astronotes
, 2–3
, Armagh Planetarium
,weblink
, PDF
, March 2007, 10 July 2009
, harv
,
  • NEWS, No Nobel Prize for Whining


, Judson, Horace
, Horace Freeland Judson
, The New York Times
,weblink
, 20 October 2003, 3 August 2007
, harv
,
  • NEWS, She made the discovery, but a man got the Nobel. A half-century later, she's won a $3 million prize


, Kaplan, Sarah
, Farzan, Antonia Noori
, The Washington Post
,weblink
, 8 September 2018
, harv
,
  • WEB, Dame Jocelyn Bell-Burnell: No asking, just telling


, Kaufman, Rachel
, Sigma Pi Sigma, College Park, MD
,weblink
, 24 June 2016, 6 July 2016
, harv
,
  • WEB, Les lauréats des prix de l'Académie des sciences attribués en 2018


, 2018 Laureates of the French Academy of Sciences Prize
, fr
, Académie des sciences
,weblink
, 24 July 2018, 26 July 2018
, {hide}harvid, Académie des sciences, 2018,
{edih}
  • WEB, Lurgan College: School History


,weblink
, 7 February 2018
, {hide}harvid, Lurgan College history,
{edih}
  • WEB, The Magellanic Premium of the American Philosophical Society


, 2008
, American Philosophical Society
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090417141917weblink">weblink
, 17 April 2009
, {hide}harvid, APS, 2008,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Fred Hoyle: the scientist whose rudeness cost him a Nobel prize


, McKie, Robin
, The Guardian
,weblink
, 2 October 2010
, harv
,
  • BOOK, Engaging with the Quaker Testimonies: a Toolkit


, McNaughton, Marion
, Pegler, Linda
, Arriens, Jan
, Dale, Jonathan
, Steven, Helen
, Perks, Nick
, Michaelis, Laurie
, 2007
, Quaker Books for Quaker Peace & Social Witness Testimonies Committee
,weblink
, 978-0-901689-59-7
, {hide}harvid, QPSW Testimonies Committee, 2007,
{edih}
  • JOURNAL, Pulsar discoverer Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins $3-million Breakthrough Prize


, Merali, Zeeya
, Nature
, 6 September 2018, 561, 7722, 161
,weblink
, 2018Natur.561..161M, 10.1038/d41586-018-06210-w, 0028-0836, 30206391
, harv
,
  • NEWS, Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins $3 million prize for discovering pulsars


, Ouellette, Jennifer
, Ars Technica
,weblink
, 6 September 2018, 6 September 2018
, harv
,
  • JOURNAL, Observations of some further Pulsed Radio Sources


, Pilkington, J. D. H.
, Hewish, A.
, Bell, S. J.
, Cole, T. W.
, Nature
, 1968, 218, 5137, 126
, 1968Natur.218..126P, 10.1038/218126a0
, harv
, For the first paper (announcing the discovery), see {{harvnb|Hewish|Bell|Pilkington|Scott|1968}}.
  • WEB, President's medal recipients: Professor Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell (full citation)


, 2017
, Institute of Physics
,weblink
, 17 July 2017
, {hide}harvid, Institute of Physics, 2017,
{edih}
  • WEB, Press Release: The 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics


, Nobel Foundation
,weblink
, 15 October 1974, 30 December 2015
, {{harvid, Nobelprize.org, 1974,
}}
  • WEB, Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell FRS – Spectrum of astronomy


, The Royal Society
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061014231547weblink">weblink
, n.d., 14 October 2006
, {hide}harvid, The Royal Society,
{edih}
  • NEWS, Queen's Birthday Honours 2007


, University of Oxford
,weblink
, 18 June 2007, 10 July 2007
, {hide}harvid, UoO, 2007,
{edih}
  • WEB, QVMAG: Grote Reber Medal Winners: 2011 Winner: Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell


, Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, QVMAG
,weblink yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160106231935weblink">weblink
, 30 December 2015, 6 January 2016
, {hide}harvid, QVMAG, 2016,
{edih}
  • WEB, The Restless Universe: Some Highlights of Physics


, OpenLearn
, The Open University
,weblink
, 27 January 2015
, {hide}harvid, The Open University,
{edih}
  • WEB, Royal Medal


, Royal Society
,weblink
, 20 July 2015
, {hide}harvid, Royal Society,
{edih}
  • NEWS, British astrophysicist overlooked by Nobels wins $3m award for pulsar work


, Sample, Ian
, The Guardian
,weblink
, 6 September 2018, 6 September 2018
, harv
,
  • PRESS RELEASE, Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics Awarded to Jocelyn Bell Burnell for Discovery of Pulsars


, Breakthrough Prize
,weblink
, 6 September 2018
, A Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics can be awarded by the Selection Committee at any time, and in addition to the regular Breakthrough Prize awarded through the ordinary annual nomination process. Unlike the annual Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics, the Special Prize is not limited to recent discoveries.
, {hide}harvid, Breakthrough Prize, 2018,
{edih}
  • JOURNAL, Look happy dear, you've just made a discovery


, Tesh, Sarah
, Wade, Jess
, Jess Wade
, Physics World
, 2017, 30, 9, 31–33
, 2017PhyW...30i..31T, 10.1088/2058-7058/30/9/35, 0953-8585
, harv
,
  • NEWS, Visiting star at college


, Lurgan Mail
,weblink
, 13 February 2007, 6 February 2018
, {hide}harvid, Lurgan Mail, 2007,
{edih}
  • BOOK, Winners, the blue ribbon encyclopedia of awards


, Walter, Claire
, 1982
, Facts on File
, 438
, 978-0-87196-386-4
, harv
,
  • WEB, The pioneer of pulsars pops into Parkes


, Warren, Andrew
, Thackray, Lucy
, CSIROscope
,weblink
, 25 July 2018, 25 July 2018
, harv
,
  • MAGAZINE, No Nobel for You: Top 10 Nobel Snubs


, Westly, Erica
, Scientific American
,weblink
, 6 October 2008
, harv
,
  • WEB, Woman's Hour – the Power List 2013


, BBC
,weblink
, 1 January 1970, 30 December 2015
, {hide}harvid, BBC, 1970,
{edih}
  • WEB, Women of the Year Prudential Lifetime Achievement Award


, Womenoftheyear.co.uk
,weblink yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160106231935weblink">weblink
, 30 December 2015, 6 January 2016
, {{harvid, Womenoftheyear.co.uk,
}}

Further reading

  • BOOK, Jocelyn Bell Burnell


, Coroniti, Ferdinand V.
, Williams, Gary A.
, 2006
, Out of the Shadows: Contributions of Twentieth-Century Women to Physics
, Byers, Nina
, Williams, Gary
, Cambridge University Press
,weblink
, 978-0-521-82197-1
, harv
,

External links

{{Sister project links|wikt=no|s=no|v=no|voy=no|b=no|d=Q233974|n=no|m=no|mw=no|species=no|c=Category:Jocelyn Bell Burnell}}

Video

Audio

Text

{{-}}{{FRS 2003}}{{Breakthrough Prize laureates}}{{University of Dundee}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Jocelyn Bell Burnell" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 2:00pm EDT - Thu, Jun 20 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 18 AUG 2014
Wikinfo
Culture
CONNECT