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Jinul
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{{Zen Buddhism}}Bojo Jinul ({{Ko-hhrm|hanja=普照知訥|hangul=보조지눌}}, 1158–1210), often called Jinul or Chinul for short, was a Korean monk of the Goryeo period, who is considered to be the most influential figure in the formation of Korean Seon (Zen) Buddhism. He is credited as the founder of the Jogye Order, by working to unify the disparate sects in Korean Buddhism into a cohesive organization.

Biography

Bojo Jinul's birthname was Jeong and by age 15 he left his family to ordain under Seon Master Jonghwi of the Sagulsan School, one of the nine mountain schools of Seon, receiving the ordination name "Jinul". This occurred in 1173. By 1182, Jinul passed the royal examination for monks and qualified for a higher administrative position, but turned it down to join the Seon sangha at Bojesa in Pyongyang. The community being uninterested in his efforts to reform the retreat community, he moved to Cheongwonsa at Changpyeong, then Bomunsa on Hagasan.During this period of travel and study, Jinul was said to have studied the entire Tripiṭaka and had a series of awakenings. Jinul sought to establish a new movement within Korean Seon which he called the "samadhi and prajñā society" ({{Ko-hhrm|hanja=定慧社|hangul=정혜사|rr=Jeonghyesa}}). This movement's goal was to establish a new community of disciplined, pure-minded practitioners deep in the mountains. Jinul eventually accomplished this mission with the founding of Songgwangsa on Jogyesan, and in the process the Jogye Order, which taught a comprehensive approach to Buddhism including meditation, doctrine, chanting and lectures. By 1209, he completed his magnum opus the Excerpts from the Dharma Collection and Special Practice Record with Personal Notes ({{korean|hangul=법집별항록절요병입사기|hanja=法集別行錄節要幷入私記|rr=beopjip pyeolhaeng nok cheolyo byeongip sagi}}), an extensive exploration of various schools of Chan Buddhism in China, with extensive commentaries on the writings of the Chinese monk Guifeng Zongmi as well as personal notes.This earned him the respect of the Goryeo, and in particular King Huijong, who ordered that Mount Songgwangsan be renamed Jogyesan in his honor. Upon his death in 1210, he was given a posthumous title of honor by King Huijong as well.

Teachings

Essence-Function

Essence-Function ({{korean|hanja=體用|hangul=체용}}) is a key concept of Korean Buddhism. Essence-Function takes a particular form in the philosophy and writings of Jinul.Muller, Charles A. (1995). "The Key Operative Concepts in Korean Buddhist Syncretic Philosophy: Interpenetration (通達) and Essence-Function (體用) in Wŏnhyo, Chinul and Kihwa" cited in Bulletin of Toyo Gakuen University No. 3, March 1995, pp 33-48.Source: WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2008-09-18, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20091229110417weblink">weblink 2009-12-29, (accessed: September 18, 2008)

View of Nirvana

Jinul viewed Nirvana as a sublime essence that is present in all beings. This essence is the very nature of Buddha and has always been present in beings. Writing on the faith in such matters held by his own school, Jinul states:}}Jinul further believed that the true nature of all people is unchanging and that their minds are ultimately numinous and marked by awareness, even when seemingly in a state of delusion. In a discussion of Buddhist schools, he writes, "In the present condensation, I treat the school of Ho-tse first, primarily so that people who are practicing meditation will be able to awaken first to the fact that, whether deluded or awakened, their own minds are numinous, aware, and never dark and their nature is unchanging."BOOK, Buswell, Robert Jr., Robert Buswell Jr., Tracing Back the Radiance: Chinul's Korean Way of Zen,weblink 1991, University of Hawaii Press, 978-0-8248-1427-4, 152,

Footnotes

{{Reflist}}

Further reading

  • Buswell Jr., Robert E.(1991). Tracing Back the Radiance: Chinul's Korean Way of Zen. University of Hawaii Press (May 1, 1991). {{ISBN|978-0-8248-1427-4}}

External links

  • WEB, Jinul: Dharma Talks,weblink 27 December 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120726135701weblink">weblink 26 July 2012,

See also

{{Zen}}{{Buddhism topics}}{{Authority control}}

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