aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{About|Jesus of Nazareth}}{{Redirect|Christ|other uses|Christ (disambiguation)}}{{Redirect|Jesus of Nazareth}}{{pp-move-indef}}{{pp-semi-indef}}{{short description|The central figure of Christianity}}{{Featured article}}{{Use mdy dates|date=July 2017}}

}}4 BC}}{{efnJohn P. Meier>Meier writes that Jesus' birth year is {{c.TITLE=A MARGINAL JEW: THE ROOTS OF THE PROBLEM AND THE PERSON PUBLISHER=YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS PAGE=407, Karl Rahner states that the consensus among scholars is {{c.>4 BCRahnerp=732}} E. P. Sanders also favors {{c.>4 BCSanderspp=10–11}} Jack Finegan uses the study of early Christian traditions to support {{c.>3TITLE=HANDBOOK OF BIBLICAL CHRONOLOGY, REV. ED PUBLISHER=HENDRICKSON PUBLISHERS PAGE=319, }}Herodian kingdom>Judea, Roman EmpireRAYMOND E. >LAST=BROWN YEAR=1977 PUBLISHER=DOUBLEDAY, 513, AD 30 / 33Most scholars estimate AD 30 or 33 as the year of Jesus' crucifixion.HTTP://WWW.TYNDALEHOUSE.COM/TYNBUL/LIBRARY/TYNBULL_1992_43_2_06_HUMPHREYS_DATECHRISTSCRUCIFIXION.PDF#PAGE=9 >TITLE=THE JEWISH CALENDAR, A LUNAR ECLIPSE AND THE DATE OF CHRIST'S CRUCIFIXION YEAR=1992 ISSUE=2 FIRST1=COLIN J. FIRST2=W. G., Waddington, }} (aged 33–36)Jerusalem, Judea (Roman province)>Judea, Roman EmpireCrucifixion of Jesus>Crucifixion{{efnJames Dunn (theologian)>James Dunn writes that the baptism and crucifixion of Jesus "command almost universal assent" and "rank so high on the 'almost impossible to doubt or deny' scale of historical facts" that they are often the starting points for the study of the historical Jesus.{{sfn2003Bart Ehrman states that the crucifixion of Jesus on the orders of Pontius Pilate is the most certain element about him.{{sfn>Ehrmanp=101}} John Dominic Crossan and Richard G. Watts state that the crucifixion of Jesus is as certain as any historical fact can be.{{sfnWattsp=96}} Paul R. Eddy and Greg Boyd (theologian) say that non-Christian confirmation of the crucifixion of Jesus is now "firmly established".{{sfn>Eddy2007|p=173}} }}Nazareth, Galilee{{sfn>Theissen1998}}Mary, mother of Jesus >Saint Joseph{{efn>Traditionally, Christians believe that Mary conceived her son miraculously by the agency of the Holy Spirit. Muslims believe that she conceived her son miraculously by the command of God. Joseph was from these perspectives the acting adoptive father.}}}}}}{{Jesus |right |width=22.0em}}Jesus{{Efn|; ; }} ({{c.|4 BC|AD 30 / 33}}), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ,{{efn|The New Testament records a variety of names and titles accorded to Jesus.}} was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah (the Christ) {{not a typo|prophesied}} in the Old Testament.{{sfn|McGrath|2006|pp=4–6}}BOOK, Ehrman, Bart D., How Jesus became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher from Galilee, HarperOne, 978-0-06-177818-6, 2014, Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus existed historically,{{efn |name=exist|In a 2011 review of the state of modern scholarship, Bart Ehrman wrote, "He certainly existed, as virtually every competent scholar of antiquity, Christian or non-Christian, agrees".BOOK, Bart, Ehrman, 2011, Forged: writing in the name of God – Why the Bible's Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are, 978-0-06-207863-6,weblink HarperCollins, 285, Richard A. Burridge states: "There are those who argue that Jesus is a figment of the Church's imagination, that there never was a Jesus at all. I have to say that I do not know any respectable critical scholar who says that any more".BOOK, Jesus Now and Then, Richard A., Burridge, Graham, Gould, 2004, 978-0-8028-0977-3, 34, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing,weblink Robert M. Price does not believe that Jesus existed, but agrees that this perspective runs against the views of the majority of scholars.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Robert M., Price, Jesus at the Vanishing Point, The Historical Jesus: Five Views, Beilby, Eddy, 2009, InterVarsity, 978-0-8308-7853-6, James K., 55, 61,weblink Paul R., James D. G. Dunn calls the theories of Jesus' non-existence "a thoroughly dead thesis".ENCYCLOPEDIA, Paul's understanding of the death of Jesus, Sacrifice and Redemption, Stephen W., Sykes, 2007, Cambridge University Press, 978-0-521-04460-8, 35–36, Michael Grant (a classicist) wrote in 1977, "In recent years, 'no serious scholar has ventured to postulate the non historicity of Jesus' or at any rate very few, and they have not succeeded in disposing of the much stronger, indeed very abundant, evidence to the contrary".BOOK, Michael, Grant, Jesus: An Historian's Review of the Gospels, Scribner's, 1977, 978-0-684-14889-2, 200,weblink Robert E. Van Voorst states that biblical scholars and classical historians regard theories of non-existence of Jesus as effectively refuted.{{sfn|Van Voorst|2000|p=16}}}} although the quest for the historical Jesus has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the Jesus portrayed in the Bible reflects the historical Jesus.{{sfn|Powell|1998|pp=168–73}}{{efn|Ehrman writes: "The notion that the Gospel accounts are not completely accurate but still important for the religious truths they try to convey is widely shared in the scholarly world, even though it's not so widely known or believed outside of it."Bart D. Ehrman, MDiv, PhD. Historical Jesus. 'Prophet of the New Millennium.' Course handbook, p. 10 (Lecture Three. V. B.) The Teaching Company, 2000, Lecture 24}}{{efn|Sanders writes: "The earliest Christians did not write a narrative of Jesus' life, but rather made use of, and thus preserved, individual units—short passages about his words and deeds. These units were later moved and arranged by authors and editors. ... Some material has been revised and some created by early Christians."{{sfn|Sanders|1993|p=57}}}} Jesus was a Galilean Jew who was baptized by John the Baptist and began his own ministry. He preached orallyBOOK, James D.G., Dunn, The Oral Gospel Tradition, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2013, 290–91, and was often referred to as "rabbi".WEB, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online, James Orr, 1939, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.,weblink Jesus debated with fellow Jews on how to best follow God, engaged in healings, taught in parables and gathered followers.{{sfn|Levine|2006|p=4}}BOOK, Charlesworth, James H., The Historical Jesus: An Essential Guide, 2008, 113,weblink 978-1-4267-2475-6, He was arrested and tried by the Jewish authorities,{{sfn|Sanders|1993|p=11}} turned over to the Roman government, and crucified on the order of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect.{{sfn|Levine|2006|p=4}} After his death, his followers believed he rose from the dead, and the community they formed eventually became the early Church.{{sfn|Sanders|1993|pp=11, 14}}Christian doctrines include the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin named Mary, performed miracles, founded the Christian Church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement for sin, rose from the dead, and ascended into Heaven, from where he will return.{{sfn|Grudem|1994|pp=568–603}} Most Christians believe Jesus enables people to be reconciled to God. The Nicene Creed asserts that Jesus will judge the living and the deadENCYCLOPEDIA, Wilhelm, Joseph, The Nicene Creed, The Catholic Encyclopedia, 11, Robert Appleton Company, 1911,weblink either before or after their bodily resurrection,WEB, James, Tabor, UNCC,weblink What the Bible Says About Death, Afterlife, and the Future, 2013-03-22, BOOK, Hoekema, Anthony A., 1994, The Bible and the Future, Eerdmans Publishing, 88–89,weblink 978-0-85364-624-2, an event tied to the Second Coming of Jesus in Christian eschatology.BOOK, Systematic Theology, Volume 2, Second Edition: Biblical, Historical, and Evangelical, James L., Garrett, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2014,weblink 766, 978-1-62564-852-5, The great majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three persons of the Trinity. A minority of Christian denominations reject Trinitarianism, wholly or partly, as non-scriptural. The birth of Jesus is celebrated annually on December 25 (or various dates in January by some eastern churches) as Christmas. His crucifixion is honored on Good Friday and his resurrection on Easter. The widely used calendar era "AD", from the Latin anno Domini ("in the year of the Lord"), and the equivalent alternative "CE", are based on the approximate birthdate of Jesus.ENCYCLOPEDIA,weblink anno Domini, Merriam Webster Online Dictionary, 2003, Merriam-Webster, Etymology: Medieval Latin, in the year of our Lord, November 3, 2016, {{efn|The BBC describes this as follows: "Year 1: CE – What is nowadays called the 'Current Era' traditionally begins with the birth of a Jewish teacher called Jesus. His followers came to believe he was the promised Messiah and later split away from Judaism to found Christianity."WEB,weblink History of Judaism 63 BCE–1086 CE, February 8, 2005, BBC Team, BBC Religion & Ethics, British Broadcasting Corporation, April 20, 2016, }}Jesus is also revered outside of Christianity. In Islam, Jesus (commonly transliterated as {{transl|ar|ISO|Isa}}) is considered one of God's important prophets and the Messiah.WEB,weblink Quran 3:46–158,weblink" title="">weblink May 1, 2015, dead, BOOK, Siddiqui, Mona, Christians, Muslims, and Jesus, Yale University Press, 2013, Mona Siddiqui,weblink 978-0-300-16970-6, Muslims believe Jesus was a bringer of scripture and was born of a virgin, but was neither God nor the son of God. The Quran states that Jesus never claimed divinity. Most Muslims do not believe that he was crucified, but that he was physically raised into Heaven by God. In contrast, Judaism rejects the belief that Jesus was the awaited Messiah, arguing that he did not fulfill Messianic prophecies, and was neither divine nor resurrected.WEB,weblink Jesus of Nazareth, Jewish Encyclopedia, Jacobs, Joseph, Kohler, Kaufmann, Gottheil, Richard, Krauss, Samuel, {{TOC limit|3}}


{{further|Jesus (name)|Holy Name of Jesus|Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament|Names of God in Christianity}}(File:JesusYeshua2.svg|thumb|Counter-clockwise from top-right: Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, Latin, and English transcriptions of the name Jesus)A typical Jew in Jesus' time had only one name, sometimes Patronymic|followed by the phrase "son of

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Jesus" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 2:57pm EDT - Sun, Oct 20 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott