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Jayyous
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factoids
|palgrid=153/178 |elevation_m = 188-233|elevation_footnotes =Jayyus Town Profile (including Khirbet Sir Locality), ARIJ, p. 4 |population=3,300|popyear=2006|area=|areakm=|mayor=}}Jayyous () is a Palestinian village near the west border of the West Bank, close to Qalqilya. It is a farming community. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 3,307 inhabitants in 2006.Projected Mid -Year Population {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080207042006weblink |date=2008-02-07 }} for Qalqilya Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics

Location

Jayyus (including Khirbet Sir) is located {{convert|7|km|mi|sp=us}}-{{convert|9|km|mi|sp=us}} northeast of Qalqiliya. It is bordered by Baqat al Hatab and Kafr Laqif to the east, Kafr Jamal, Kafr Zibad and Kafr ‘Abbush to the south, ‘Azzun ‘Izbat at Tabib, An Nabi Elyas and ‘Arab Abu Farda to the west, and the Green Line to the north.

History

At Khirbet Sir, just east of Jayyous, two rock-cut tombs have been found, with a large mound with terraces cut in the sides, and a good well below.Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 198 Byzantine ceramics have also been found.Dauphin, 1998, p. 978

Ottoman era

Jayyous was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 24 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and/or beehives; a total of 11,746 akçe. Half of the revenue went to a Muslim charitable endowment.Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140In 1838, Robinson noted the village, called Jiyus, as being in the Beni Sa'ab district, west of Nablus.Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 127In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Jiyus as a "moderate-sized stone village on a ridge, with olives to the south-east. It appears to be an ancient site, having rock-cut tombs and ancient wells."Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 165In the 19th century and early 20th century the village was dominated by the Palestinian el-Jayusah or Jayyusi clan.Stuart Macalister, 1905, pp. 355-356

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jaiyus had a population of 433, all Muslims,Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28 increasing in the 1931 census to 569, again all Muslim, in a total of 147 houses.Mills, 1932, p. 55In the 1945 statistics the population of Jayyous consisted of 830 MuslimsDepartment of Statistics, 1945, p. 20 with a land area of 12,571 dunams according to an official land and population survey.Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 75 Of this, 1,556 dunams were designated for plantations and irrigable land, 2,155 for cereals,Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 125 while 22 dunams were built-up areas.Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 175

Jordanian era

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Jayyous came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967

(File:WBEnclaves.jpg|300px|thumb|Portion of West Bank showing Jayyous, and Qalqilya and Hableh enclaves)After the Six-Day War in 1967, Jayyous has been under Israeli occupation.After the 1995 accords, 26.6% of Jayyous land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 73.4% is defined as Area C land.Jayyus Town Profile (including Khirbet Sir Locality), ARIJ, p. 17 The village is located in an area directly affected by the Israeli-built barrier and around 75 per cent of the village's farming land is on the other side of the wall.UNRWA In order to get to their land the farmers need to use one of two gates, North gate or South gate, or gates number 943 and 979 respectively. The two gates are supposed to be open for three short periods a day. In June 2005, the gates were usually closed, and farmers were staging regular protests at the gates. As of February 2007, the gates are open for only three hours per day - one hour each morning, afternoon and evening on average.In 2002, Jayyous became the first village to mount a non-violent campaign with Israeli and international participation against the construction of the wall and the expansion of settlements on its land.USATODAY.com - Israel's wall hems in livelihoods and dreams According to The Financial Times, 50 percent of the once-prosperous Jayyous villagers are now dependent on foreign food aid because their agricultural land has been cut off by the wall.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061008165203weblink">Palestinian farmers fear advance of West Bank wall, by Sharmila Devi, The Financial Times, September 23rd, 2006 In January 2005 Ta'ayush activists along with Gush Shalom, the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, Machsom Watch and Anarchists Against the Wall, together with residents of the Palestinian village, began to plant hundreds of olive saplings which they had brought with them to the plot of land where the bulldozers of the settlers had uprooted hundreds of olive trees. Advocate Wiam Shbeyta, an activist of the Ta'ayush movement, said:"In spite of the police and army assertions, we do not recognise the ownership of the settlers over this land. This land belongs to the Jayyous villagers and the company "Geulat HaKarka" which is associated with the settlers took control of it on the false assertion that it was sold to them. The matter is still awaiting legal review, and we will not allow the settlers to dictate facts on the ground, to grab Palestinian lands and to commence establishing a new settlement on it."Scoop Independent world news from a Gush Shalom columnFalkirk, Scotland, maintains a sister-city partnership with Jayyous.The Antonine Friendship LinkTwinning with Palestine

References

{{reflist|25em}}

Bibliography

  • BOOK, Barron, J. B., Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922,weblink Government of Palestine, 1923,
  • BOOK, Conder, C.R., Claude Reignier Conder, Kitchener, H.H., Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, 1882,weblink The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology, London, Palestine Exploration Fund, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund, 2,
  • BOOK, Dauphin, Claudine, La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations,weblink III : Catalogue, BAR International Series 726, 1998, Archeopress, Oxford, French, 0-860549-05-4,
  • BOOK, Village Statistics, April, 1945,weblink Department of Statistics, 1945, Government of Palestine,
  • BOOK, Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine,weblink S., Hadawi, Sami Hadawi, 1970, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center,
  • BOOK, Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter, Kamal, Abdulfattah, Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century,weblink 1977, Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, 3-920405-41-2,
  • BOOK, Mills, E., Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas,weblink Government of Palestine, Jerusalem, 1932,
  • BOOK, Palmer, E.H., Edward Henry Palmer, 1881,weblink The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer, Palestine Exploration Fund, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund,
  • BOOK, Robinson, E., Edward Robinson (scholar), Smith, E., Eli Smith, 1841,weblink Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838, Boston, Crocker & Brewster, 3,
  • JOURNAL, Stuart Macalister, R. A., R. A. Stewart Macalister, The modern inhabitants of Palestine, Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund, 37, 343–356,weblink 1905,

External links

{{Qalqilya Governorate}}

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