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Japanese mathematics

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Japanese mathematics
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{{nihongo|Japanese mathematics|和算|wasan}} denotes a distinct kind of mathematics which was developed in Japan during the Edo period (1603–1867). The term wasan, from wa ("Japanese") and san ("calculation"), was coined in the 1870sSelin, Helaine. (1997). {{Google books|raKRY3KQspsC&dq|Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, p. 641. |page=641}} and employed to distinguish native Japanese mathematical theory from Western mathematics (洋算 yōsan).Smith, David et al. (1914). {{Google books|J1YNAAAAYAAJ|A History of Japanese Mathematics, p. 1 n2.|page=1}}In the history of mathematics, the development of wasan falls outside the Western realms of people, propositions and alternate solutions.{{Clarify|date=September 2011}} At the beginning of the Meiji period (1868–1912), Japan and its people opened themselves to the West. Japanese scholars adopted Western mathematical technique, and this led to a decline of interest in the ideas used in wasan.

History

missing image!
- Yoshida Soroban.jpg -
The soroban in Yoshida Koyu's Jinkōki (1641 edition)
This mathematical schema evolved during a period when Japan's people were isolated from European influences. Kambei Mori is the first Japanese mathematician noted in history.Campbell, Douglas et al. (1984). Mathematics: People, Problems, Results, p. 48. Kambei is known as a teacher of Japanese mathematics; and among his most prominent students were Yoshida Shichibei Kōyū, Imamura Chishō, and Takahara Kisshu. These students came to be known to their contemporaries as "the Three Arithmeticians".Smith, {{Google books|J1YNAAAAYAAJ|p. 35. |page=35}}Yoshida was the author of the oldest extant Japanese mathematical text. The 1627 work was named Jinkōki. The work dealt with the subject of soroban arithmetic, including square and cube root operations.Restivo, Sal P. (1984). {{Google books|gvMm0jv-xPIC| Mathematics in Society and History, p. 56.|page=56}} Yoshida's book significantly inspired a new generation of mathematicians, and redefined the Japanese perception of educational enlightenment, which was defined in the Seventeen Article Constitution as "the product of earnest meditation".BOOK, Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources, Strayer, Robert, Bedford/St. Martins, 2000, 9780312489168, 708036979, 7, Seki Takakazu founded enri (円理: circle principles), a mathematical system with the same purpose as calculus at a similar time to calculus's development in Europe; but Seki's investigations did not proceed from conventionally shared foundations.Smith, {{Google books|J1YNAAAAYAAJ|pp. 91–127.|page=91}}

Select mathematicians

File:Seki Kowa Katsuyo Sampo Bernoulli numbers.png|thumb|240px|Replica of Katsuyo Sampo by Seki Takakazu. Page written about Bernoulli number and Binomial coefficientBinomial coefficientThe following list encompasses mathematicians whose work was derived from wasan.{{dynamic list}}

See also

Notes

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References

External links

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- content above as imported from Wikipedia
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