James Gosling

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James Gosling
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{{for|the former Louisiana sheriff|James M. Goslin}}

Calgary, Alberta>Calgary, Alberta, Canada| death_place = | resting_place = | residence = San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S.Canadians>Canadian| fields = }}Carnegie Mellon University|University of Calgary}}| thesis_title = Algebraic Constraints| thesis_url =weblink| thesis_year = 1983Bob Sproull{{MathGenealogy>id=50143}}| academic_advisors = | doctoral_students = | notable_students = | known_for = Java (programming language)| author_abbrev_bot = | author_abbrev_zoo = | influences = | influenced = | awards = Officer of the Order of Canada IEEE John von Neumann MedalThe Economist Innovation Award| signature_alt = | footnotes = | spouse = }}James Arthur Gosling, OC (born May 19, 1955) is a Canadian computer scientist, best known as the founder and lead designer behind the Java programming language.WEB,weblink James Gosling - Computing History,, 2017-10-09,

Education and career

James Gosling received a Bachelor of Science from the University of Calgary WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2015-05-13, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 2015-06-01, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University, all in computer science.THESIS, PhD, James, Gosling, Algebraic Constraints, Carnegie Mellon University, 1983,weblink James Gosling, Phd Awards By Advisor. Retrieved on 2013-07-17. He wrote a version of Emacs called Gosling Emacs (Gosmacs) while working toward his doctorate. He built a multi-processor version of Unix for a 16-way computer systemJames Gosling mentioned a multiprocessor Unix in his statement during the US vs Microsoft Antitrust DOJ trial in 1998 WEB
, DOJ/Antitrust
, Statement in MS Antitrust case
, 1 February 2007
, while at Carnegie Mellon University, before joining Sun Microsystems. He also developed several compilers and mail systems there.Gosling was with Sun Microsystems between 1984 and 2010 (26 years). He is known as the father of the Java programming language. He got the idea for the Java VM while writing a program to port software from a PERQ by translating Perq Q-Code to VAX assembler and emulating the hardware. He left Sun Microsystems on April 2, 2010 after it was acquired by the Oracle Corporation,Guevin, Jennifer. (2010-04-10) Java co-creator James Gosi leaves Oracle. Retrieved on 2012-02-21. citing reductions in pay, status, and decision-making ability, along with change of role and ethical challenges.Darryl K. Taft. (2010-09-22) Java Creator James Gosling: Why I Quit Oracle. He has since taken a very critical stance towards Oracle in interviews, noting that "during the integration meetings between Sun and Oracle, where we were being grilled about the patent situation between Sun and Google, we could see the Oracle lawyer's eyes sparkle."Shankland, Stephen. (2011-03-28) Java founder James Gosling joins Google | Deep Tech – CNET News. Retrieved on 2012-02-21. He clarified his position during the Oracle v Google trial over Android: "While I have differences with Oracle, in this case, they are on the right. Google totally slimed Sun. We were all really disturbed, even Jonathan Schwartz; he just decided to put on a happy face and tried to turn lemons into lemonade, which annoyed a lot of folks on Sun."My attitude on Oracle v Google. Retrieved on 2016-05-17. However, he approved of the court's ruling that APIs should not be copyrightable.WEB,weblink Meltdown Averted,, 2017-03-13, In March 2011, Gosling left Oracle to work at Google.Next Step on the Road. Retrieved on 2016-05-17. Six months later, he followed his colleague Bill Vass and joined a startup called Liquid Robotics. In late 2016, Liquid Robotics was acquired by Boeing.WEB,weblink Boeing to Acquire Liquid Robotics to Enhance Autonomous Seabed-to-Space Information Services, December 6, 2016, Following the acquisition, Gosling left Liquid Robotics to work at Amazon Web Services as Distinguished Engineer in May 2017.WEB,weblink Legendary Techie James Gosling Joins Amazon Web Services, Darrow, Barb, May 23, 2017,, 23 March 2018, He is an advisor at the Scala company Lightbend,Typesafe — Company: Team. Retrieved on 2012-02-21. Independent Director at Jelastic,James Gosling and Bruno Souza Join Jelastic as Advisers. Retrieved on 2014-11-24. and Strategic Advisor for Eucalyptus,Eucalyptus {{webarchive|url= |date=2013-04-25 }}. Retrieved on 2013-04-22 and is a board member of DIRTT Environmental Solutions.WEB,weblink James Gosling, DIRTT Environmental Solutions Ltd., He is known for his love of proving "the unknown" and has noted that his favorite irrational number is {{radic|2}}. He has a framed picture of the first 1,000 digits of {{radic|2}} in his office.WEB,weblink James Gosling on Apple, Apache, Google, Oracle and the Future of Java, UserGroupsatGoogle, 29 November 2010, 20 January 2018, YouTube,


Gosling initially became known as the author of Gosling Emacs, and also invented the windowing system NeWS, which lost out to X Window because Sun did not give it an open source license. He is generally credited with having invented the Java programming language in 1994.JOURNAL, Allman, E., Interview: A Conversation with James Gosling, 10.1145/1016998.1017013, Queue, 2, 5, 24, 2004, JOURNAL, Gosling, J., James Gosling, The feel of Java, 10.1109/2.587548, Computer, 30, 6, 53–57, 1997, WEB
, Sun Labs-The First Five Years: The First Fifty Technical Reports. A Commemorative Issue
, Ching-Chih Chang, Amy Hall, Jeanie Treichel
, Sun Microsystems, Inc.
, 2010-02-07, 1998
, He created the original design of Java and implemented the language's original compiler and virtual machine.
WEB,weblink A Conversation with James Gosling, Gosling, James, James Gosling, 2004-08-31, ACM Queue, ACM, 2014-07-03, At Sun he is best known for creating the original design of Java and implementing its original compiler and virtual machine.,
Gosling traces the origins of the approach to his early graduate-student days, when he created a p-code virtual machine for the lab's DEC VAX computer, so that his professor could run programs written in UCSD Pascal. In the work leading to Java at Sun, he saw that architecture-neutral execution for widely distributed programs could be achieved by implementing a similar philosophy: always program for the same virtual machine.JOURNAL, McMillan, W.W., 10.1109/MSPEC.2011.5910448, The soul of the virtual machine: Java's abIlIty to run on many dIfferent kInds of computers grew out of software devised decades before, IEEE Spectrum, 48, 7, 44–48, 2011,
For his achievement, the National Academy of Engineering in the United States elected him as a Foreign Associate member.WEB,weblink NAE Members Directory – Dr. James Arthur Gosling, National Academy of Engineering, NAE, March 29, 2011, Another contribution of Gosling's was co-writing the "bundle" program, a utility thoroughly detailed in Brian Kernighan and Rob Pike's book The Unix Programming Environment.



  • Ken Arnold, James Gosling, David Holmes, The Java Programming Language, Fourth Edition, Addison-Wesley Professional, 2005, {{ISBN|0-321-34980-6}}
  • James Gosling, Bill Joy, Guy L. Steele Jr., Gilad Bracha, The Java Language Specification, Third Edition, Addison-Wesley Professional, 2005, {{ISBN|0-321-24678-0}}
  • Ken Arnold, James Gosling, David Holmes, The Java Programming Language, Third Edition, Addison-Wesley Professional, 2000, {{ISBN|0-201-70433-1}}
  • James Gosling, Bill Joy, Guy L. Steele Jr., Gilad Bracha, The Java Language Specification, Second Edition, Addison-Wesley, 2000, {{ISBN|0-201-31008-2}}
  • Gregory Bollella (Editor), Benjamin Brosgol, James Gosling, Peter Dibble, Steve Furr, David Hardin, Mark Turnbull, The Real-Time Specification for Java, Addison Wesley Longman, 2000, {{ISBN|0-201-70323-8}}
  • Ken Arnold, James Gosling, The Java programming language Second Edition, Addison-Wesley, 1997, {{ISBN|0-201-31006-6}}
  • Ken Arnold, James Gosling, The Java programming language, Addison-Wesley, 1996, {{ISBN|0-201-63455-4}}
  • James Gosling, Bill Joy, Guy L. Steele Jr., The Java Language Specification, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 1996, {{ISBN|0-201-63451-1}}
  • James Gosling, Frank Yellin, The Java Team, The Java Application Programming Interface, Volume 2: Window Toolkit and Applets, Addison-Wesley, 1996, {{ISBN|0-201-63459-7}}
  • James Gosling, Frank Yellin, The Java Team, The Java Application Programming Interface, Volume 1: Core Packages, Addison-Wesley, 1996, {{ISBN|0-201-63453-8}}
  • James Gosling, Henry McGilton, The Java language Environment: A white paper, Sun Microsystems, 1996
  • James Gosling, David S. H. Rosenthal, Michelle J. Arden, The NeWS Book : An Introduction to the Network/Extensible Window System (Sun Technical Reference Library), Springer, 1989, {{ISBN|0-387-96915-2}}

See also



External links

{{Commons category|James Gosling}} {{Java (Sun)}}{{Authority control}}

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