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Jacques Rogge

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Jacques Rogge
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factoids
| term_end = | predecessor = vacant, last held by Juan Antonio Samaranch (2010)| successor =| president = Thomas BachPresident of the International Olympic Committee>President of the IOC|term_start2 = 16 July 2001|term_end2 = 10 September 2013|predecessor2 = Juan Antonio Samaranch |successor2 = Thomas Bachdf=yes5|2}}| birth_place = Ghent, Belgium| death_date =| death_place =Belgium>Belgian| spouse = Anne Rogge, Countess Rogge| children = One son, one daughter| residence =| alma_mater = University of GhentOrthopedic surgeonSports Administrator (business)>administrator| occupation =| religion = Roman Catholic| signature =| website =| footnotes =}}Jacques Jean Marie Rogge, Count Rogge ({{IPA-fr|ʒɑk ʁɔ.ge|lang}}; {{IPA-nl|ˈrɔɣə|lang|Nl-rogge.ogg}}; born 2 May 1942) is a Belgian sports administrator and physician who served as the eighth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 2001 to 2013. In 2013, the IOC announced that Rogge would become their Honorary President.

Life and career

Born in Ghent, Belgium, during the Nazi Germany occupation, Rogge is by profession an orthopedic surgeon and was educated at the Jesuit private school Sint-Barbaracollege and the University of Ghent.WEB, 2018-01-21,weblinkfirst=Brian date= 27 July 2012, Independent, Rogge is a noted athlete in his home country. He was a 16-time Belgian national champion in rugby and a one-time yachting world champion. He also competed in the Finn class of sailing on three Summer Olympic Games; in 1968, 1972, and 1976. In October 2016, The British School of Brussels named their new Sports Centre in his honour.WEB,weblink The British School of Brussels, BSB's New Sports Centre will be named after Dr. Jacques Rogge, Rogge served as president of the Belgian Olympic Committee from 1989 to 1992, and as president of the European Olympic Committees from 1989 to 2001. He became a member of the IOC in 1991 and joined its executive board in 1998. He was knighted in 1992, and in 2002 made a count in the Belgian nobility by King Albert II.WEB,weblink College of Arms Foundation - Activities, Coaf.us, 2016-08-22, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110910015543weblink">weblink 10 September 2011, dmy-all, When Rogge stepped down as President of the IOC he was awarded by his successor a gold Olympic Orderweblink On 25 February 2014, The Princess Royal appointed him as an Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) at Buckingham Palace for his years of service to the Olympics and in particular for his work on the London 2012 Olympic Games.WEB,weblink HRH The Princess Royal honours Jacques Rogge at Buckingham Palace - News articles, GOV.UK, 2014-02-26, 2016-08-22, On 28 April 2014, Rogge was appointed Special Envoy for Youth Refugees and Sport by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, to help promote sport as an empowerment tool for youth from displaced and refugee communities towards peace, reconciliation, security, health, education, gender equality and a more inclusive society.WEB,weblink Secretary-General Appoints Jacques Rogge of Belgium Special Envoy for Youth Refugees and Sport, United Nations, Press release, 28 April 2014, In his free time, Rogge is known to admire modern art and is an avid reader of historical and scientific literature."2007 impressions," Het Laatste Nieuws, 31 December 2007 He is married to Anne; they have two adult children.{{dead link|date=August 2016}}On 14 October 2016, The British School of BrusselsWEB,weblink Sports Centre, www.britishschool.be, 2016-11-16, opened their new sports center in Tervuren, Belgium. The building was opened and named after Rogge, titled "The Jacques Rogge Sports Centre".In 2017 the International Paralympic Committee awarded Rogge their highest honour the Paralympic Order for saving them from financial disasterweblink Rogge received the International Fair Play Committee's lifetime achievement award - the Jean Borotra World Fair Play Trophy. The committee decided to name their youth award in honour of Rogge, calling it the Jacques Rogge Fair Play Trophy for The Youthweblink

President of the IOC

File:Vladimir Putin 16 July 2001-15.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Jacques Rogge with Juan Antonio Samaranch and Vladimir PutinVladimir PutinRogge was elected as President of the IOC on 16 July 2001 at the 112th IOC Session in Moscow as the (wikt:successor|successor) to Juan Antonio Samaranch, who had previously led the IOC since 1980weblink the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Rogge became the first ever IOC President to stay in the Olympic village, thereby enjoying closer contact with the athletes.NEWS,weblink Olympics; Rogge Given Authority To Cancel the Olympics, The New York Times, 21 September 2001, 28 July 2009, In October 2009 he was re-elected for a new term as President of the IOC. In September 2013 at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires a new IOC President was elected.In 2011, a Forbes magazine list of the 68 most powerful people in the world listed Rogge at no. 67.WEB,weblink Forbes Powerful People, Forbes.com, 2016-08-22, 2011, On 27 July 2011, one year prior to London 2012, Rogge attended a ceremony at Trafalgar Square where he invited athletes worldwide to compete in the forthcoming Olympic Games. Former Olympians the Princess Royal and Sebastian Coe unveiled the medals up for grabs, after both Prime Minister David Cameron and London Mayor Boris Johnson had given speeches.In December 2011, Jacques Rogge was invested as an Officer of the Légion d'honneur by French President Nicolas Sarkozy.WEB,weblink Rogge Awarded Legion of Honor; Arab Games End; Pin Points, Aroundtherings.com, 2016-08-22, Jacques Rogge's IOC Presidency came to an end at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires. German Thomas Bach was elected as the new IOC President at the session on 10 September 2013.WEB, Zaccardi, Nick, Thomas Bach elected as ninth IOC president,weblink NBC OlympicTalk, 10 September 2013, He then went on to become the Honorary President of the IOC.WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2013-09-10, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130914035155weblink">weblink 14 September 2013, dmy,

Controversies

Chinese internet censorship
For the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, Rogge pronounced in mid-July 2008 that there would be no Internet censorship by Chinese government authorities: "for the first time, foreign media will be able to report freely and publish their work freely in China". However, by 30 July 2008, IOC spokesman Kevan Gosper had to retract this optimistic statement, announcing that the Internet would indeed be censored for journalists.WEB,weblink IOC admits internet censorship deal with China – Radio Netherlands Worldwide – English, Radionetherlands.nl, 30 July 2008, 13 February 2010,weblink" title="archive.is/20080921082534weblink">weblink 21 September 2008, dead, dmy-all, Gosper, who said he had not heard about this, suggested that high IOC officials (probably including the Dutch Hein Verbruggen and IOC Director of the Olympic Games, Gilbert Felli, and most likely with Rogge's knowledge) had made a secret deal with Chinese officials to allow the censorship, without the knowledge of either the press or most members of the IOC.NEWS,weblink IOC lies on web access have hurt my reputation, Kevan, Gosper, The Australian, 1 August 2008, 25 August 2008,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090603060643weblink">weblink 3 June 2009, dead, dmy-all, Rogge later denied that any such meeting had taken place, but failed to insist that China adhere to its prior assurances that the Internet would not be censored.
Criticism of Bolt's jubilation
Rogge commented that Usain Bolt's gestures of jubilation and excitement after winning the 100 meters in Beijing are "not the way we perceive being a champion," and also said "that he should show more respect for his competitors."NEWS, One powerful man who does seem to be on top of things,weblink Irish Times, 23 May 2009, 28 July 2009, In response to his comments, Yahoo! Sports columnist, Dan Wetzel, who covered the Games, described him as "a classic stiff-collared bureaucrat," and further contended that "[the IOC] has made billions off athletes such as Bolt for years, yet he has to find someone to pick on".WEB,weblink Beijing Olympics’ winners and losers, Yahoo! Sports!, 24 August 2008, Dan, Wetzel, In an interview with Irish Times' reporter Ian O'Riordan, Rogge clarified, "Maybe there was a little bit of a misunderstanding.... What he does before or after the race I have no problem with. I just thought that his gesticulation during the race was maybe a little disrespectful".
Munich Massacre moment of silence
Rogge rejected calls for a minute of silence to be held to honor the 11 Israeli Olympians killed 40 years prior in the Munich Massacre, during the opening ceremonies of the 2012 Summer Olympics. He did this despite the standing request of the families of the 11 Israeli Olympic team members and political pressure from the United States, Britain, and Germany, stating: "We feel that the opening ceremony is an atmosphere that is not fit to remember such a tragic incident." Speaking of the decision, Israeli Olympian Shaul Ladany, who had survived the Munich Massacre, commented: "I do not understand. I do not understand, and I do not accept it."NEWS,weblink James Montague, The Munich massacre: A survivor's story, CNN, 5 September 2012, 25 February 2013, Rogge and the IOC instead opted for a ceremony at Guildhall, London on 6 August, and one at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base on the anniversary of the attack, 5 September.NEWS, Wilson, Stephen, 1972 Olympics Munich Massacre Anniversary: IOC President Jacques Rogge Rules Out Minute Of Silence,weblink Huffington Post, 21 July 2012,

Honours and titles

(File:Jacques Rogge and Dmitry Medvedev 22 November 2011.jpg|thumb|Decorated by Medvedev into the Order of Friendship)Rogge received these honours and titles in Belgium and abroad for his work:

Academic degrees

Jacques Rogge received several honorary degree (honoris causa) :

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

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{{Presidents of the International Olympic Committee}}{{Authority control}}

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