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Istriot language

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Istriot language
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
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{{distinguish|Istro-Romanian language}}







factoids
Istriot is a Romance language spoken by about 400 people in the southwestern part of the Istrian peninsula in Croatia, particularly in Rovinj and Vodnjan. It should not be confused with the Istrian dialect of the Venetian language.

Classification

{{multiple image
| direction = vertical
| width = 245
| footer =
| image1 = Rovigno.jpg
| alt1 =
| caption1 = Rovinj (Rovigno), the historical capital of the Istriots
| image2 = Istria census 1910.PNG
| alt2 =
| caption2 = Austrian census of 1910, classifying Istriots as Italians and showing the majority populations in reddish colors. Istriotic areas begin south of the (:it:Canale di Leme|Leme (Lim) canal)
}}
Istriot is a Romance language related to the Ladin populations of the Alps. According to the Italian linguist Matteo Bartoli, the Ladin area used to extend – until the year 1000 AD – from southern Istria to Friuli and eastern Switzerland.Bartoli, Matteo. Le parlate italiane della Venezia Giulia e della Dalmazia. Tipografia italo-orientale. Grottaferrata 1919.Its classification remained mostly unclear, but in 2017 it was classified by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History with the Dalmatian language in the Dalmatian Romance subgroup,WEB,weblink Glottolog 3.1 - Istriot, glottolog.org, en, 2018-01-21, yet due to the specificities of the language, which has always had a very limited number of speakers. Istriot was also viewed: When Istria was a region of the Kingdom of Italy, Istriot was considered by the authorities as a subdialect of Venetian.Tagliavini, Carlo. Le origini delle lingue neolatine. Patron Ed. Bologna 1982.Historically, its speakers never referred to it as "Istriot"; it had six names after the six towns where it was spoken. In Vodnjan it was named "Bumbaro", in Bale "Vallese", in Rovinj "Rovignese", in Šišan "Sissanese", in Fažana "Fasanese" and in Galižana "Gallesanese". The term Istriot was coined by the 19th-century Italian linguist Graziadio Isaia Ascoli.This language is still spoken by some people in the Istriot communities in Fertilia and Maristella, in Sardinia.There are about 1,000 speakers left, making it an endangered language.

Vocabulary

Below is a comparison of Istriot with several closely related Romance languages and Latin:{| class="wikitable"! Latin|| Italian || Istriot|| Venetian || (:it:Dialetto bisiacco|Bisiacco) Venetian || English---- clave(m) chiave ciave ciaveciavekey----nocte(m) notte nuotonote/notnotenight---- cantare cantare cantàcantarcantarto sing---- capra(m) capra càvaracàvara cavragoat---- lingua(m) lingua lengualengua lengualanguage---- platea(m) piazza piassapiassa piassasquare---- ponte(m) ponte pontoponte/pontpontbridge---- ecclesia(m) chiesa ceza cexacesachurch---- hospitale(m) ospedale uspadal ospedalospedalhospital---- caseu(m) lat.vulg.formaticu(m)formaggio/cacio furmajoformajo formaicheese

Phonology

The phonology of the Istriot languageBOOK, Analisi fonematica del dialetto di Valle d'Istria, Cernecca, Domenico, Studia Romanica et Anglica Zagrabiensia, 1967, :

Consonants {| class"wikitable" style"text-align:center"

! colspan="2" |!Bilabial!Labio-dental!Dental/Alveolar!Post-alveolar!Palatal!Velar! rowspan="2" |Stop!voicelessp}}|t}}||k}}!voicedb}}|d}}||ɡ}}! rowspan="2" |Affricate!voiceless|||t͡ʃ}}||!voiced|||d͡ʒ}}||! rowspan="2" |Fricative!voiceless|f}}s}}|||!voiced|v}}z}}|||! colspan="2" |Nasalm}}|n}}|ɲ}}|! colspan="2" | Trill||r}}|||! colspan="2" |Approximant||l}}|||

Vowels {| class"wikitable" style"text-align:center"

!!Front!Central!Back align="center"!Closei}}|u}}!Close-mide}}|o}}!Open-midÉ›}}|É”}} align="center"!Open|a}}|

Example

This is a poem called "Grièbani" by Ligio ZaniniThere is an article on the poet in (:it:Ligio Zanini|Italian Wikipedia). in the dialect of Rovinj-Rovigno.{|class="wikitable"! style="background:#EBF2C4" | Istriot || Italian
La nostra zì oûna longa cal da griebani:


i spironi da Monto inda uò salvà,
e 'l brasso da Vistro uò rastà scuio
pei grutoni pioûn alti del mar,
ca ruzaghia sta tiera viecia-stara.
Da senpro i signemo pissi sensa nom,
ca da sui sa prucoûra 'l bucon
par guodi la veîta leîbara del cucal,
pastadi dala piova da Punente a da Livante
e cume i uleîi mai incalmadi.
Fra ste carme zì stà la nostra salvissa,
cume i riboni a sa salva dal dulfeîn
fra i scagni del sico da San Damian;
el nostro pan, nato gra li gruote, zi stà inbinideî
cul sudur sula iera zbruventa da Paloû...
e i vemo caminà par oûna longa cal da griebani,
c'ancui la riesta lissada dali nostre urme.
La nostra è una lunga strada irta di sassi:


gli speroni di Monto ci hanno salvato,
ed il braccio di Vistro è rimasto scoglio
per le grotte poste più in alto del mare,
che erode questa antica terra.
Da sempre siamo pesciolini
che da soli si procurano il boccone
per godere la libera vita del gabbiano,
oppressi dalla pioggia di Ponente e di Levante
come olivi senza innesti.
Fra queste insenature è stata la nostra salvezza,
come i pagelli si salvano dal delfino
fra le tane della secca di San Damiano;
il nostro pane, nato tra le grotte, è stato benedetto
col sudore nell'aia ribollente di Palù...
ed abbiamo camminato per una lunga strada dissestata,
che oggi rimane spianate dai nostri passi.

See also

Notes

{{reflist}}

External links

{{Incubator|code=ist}}{{wiktionary category}} {{Romance languages}}

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