Israeli Labor Party

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Israeli Labor Party
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{{short description|Israeli political party}}{{Use dmy dates|date = September 2011}}

| name = Labor Party
מפלגת העבודה}}| logo = File:HaAvoda Logo.svg| leader1_title = Chairman| leader1_name = Amir Peretz| leader2_title = Secretary GeneralEran HermoniHTTPS://WWW.TIMESOFISRAEL.COM/LABOR-PARTY-CALLS-PRIMARIES-FOR-FEBRUARY-12/, Labor party calls primaries for February 12, The Times of Israel, MapaiAhdut HaAvodaRafi (political party)>Rafi| headquarters = Tel Aviv, Israel| youth_wing = Young GuardIsraeli Young Labor| membership = | membership_year = 2019Social democracyLabor ZionismJewish leftTwo-state solutionJANTITLE=IT'S A MYTH THAT ISRAELIS SUPPORT A TWO-STATE SOLUTIONWASHINGTON REPORT ON MIDDLE EAST AFFAIRS>ISSUE=MARCH 2011PAGES=24 F.URL=HTTPS://WWW.BBC.CO.UK/NEWS/WORLD-MIDDLE-EAST-21073450 ACCESSDATE=28 JUNE 2015, ISHAAN THAROOR >DATE=14 MARCH 2015 URL=HTTPS://WWW.WASHINGTONPOST.COM/BLOGS/WORLDVIEWS/WP/2015/03/13/THESE-ARE-THE-POLITICAL-PARTIES-BATTLING-FOR-ISRAELS-FUTURE/ ACCESSDATE=28 JUNE 2015, Centre-left politics>Centre-leftCHERYL RUBENBERG>TITLE=THE PALESTINIANS: IN SEARCH OF A JUST PEACEYEAR=2003ISBN=978-1-58826-225-7URL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=8DTYBGAAQBAJ&PG=PR10PUBLISHER=ROUTLEDGEPAGE=10, Alignment (Israel)>Alignment (1968–1991)One Israel (1999–2001)Zionist Union (2014–2019)Labor-Gesher (2019-present)| international = Progressive AllianceSocialist International (suspended)| european = Party of European Socialists (observer)| seats1_title = Knesset5hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}{{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}#0C2F59Red (color)>Red, blueאמת}}weblink|}}| country = Israel}}The Israeli Labor Party (, translit. {{Audio|MiflegetHaAvodaHaYisraelit.ogg|Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisrelit}}), commonly known as HaAvoda ( lit. "The Labor"), is a social democraticBOOK, Emilie van Haute, Anika Gauja, Party Members and Activists,weblink 2015, Routledge, 978-1-317-52432-8, 17, BOOK, Richard Collin, Pamela L. Martin, An Introduction to World Politics: Conflict and Consensus on a Small Planet,weblink 18 July 2013, 2012, Rowman & Littlefield, 978-1-4422-1803-1, 218, BOOK, Rhodes Cook, The Presidential Nominating Process: A Place for Us?,weblink 19 August 2012, 2004, Rowman & Littlefield, 978-0-7425-2594-8, 118, BOOK, Sara E. Karesh, Mitchell M. Hurvitz, Encyclopedia of Judaism,weblink 2005, Infobase Publishing, 978-0-8160-6982-8, 283, and ZionistBOOK, James C. Docherty, Peter Lamb, Historical Dictionary of Socialism,weblink 28 January 2013, 2 October 2006, Scarecrow Press, 978-0-8108-6477-1, 179, political party in Israel. The Israeli Labor Party was established in 1968 by a merger of Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi. Until 1977, all Israeli Prime Ministers were affiliated with the Labor movement.The Labor Party Jewish Virtual Library The current party leader (since July 2019) is Amir Peretz.The Labor Party is associated with supporting the Israeli–Palestinian peace process, pragmatic foreign affairs policies and social democratic economic policies.WEB,weblink Israel Labour Party, 13 September 2013, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 18 March 2014, The party is a member of the Progressive AllianceWEB,weblink Participants | Progressive Alliance,, 12 September 2015, and an observer member of the Party of European Socialists.Parties {{webarchive|url= |date=27 September 2011 }} Party of European Socialists The party was also a member of the Socialist International until suspending its membership in 2018 over the Socialist International's decision to join the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign.Israel's Labor Party quits Socialist International after it adopts BDS The Jerusalem Post, 10 July 2018


(File:The zionist center.jpg|thumb|Israeli Labor Party ballot slip – "Emet")

Dominant political party 1968–1977

The foundations for the formation of the Israeli Labor Party were laid shortly before the 1965 Knesset elections when Mapai, the largest left-wing party in the country and the dominant partner in every government since independence, formed an alliance with Ahdut HaAvoda.WEB,weblink'avodah.html, Israel Political Parties: Ahdut Ha'avodah, Jewish Virtual Library, Mapai's Arab satellite lists followed the merger. The alliance was an attempt by Mapai to shore up the party's share of the vote following a break-away of eight MKs (around a fifth of Mapai's Knesset faction) led by former Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion to form a new party, Rafi, in protest against Mapai's failure to approve a change to the country's proportional representation voting system.The alliance, called the Labor Alignment won 45 seats in the elections, and was able to form the government in coalition with the National Religious Party, Mapam, the Independent Liberals, Poalei Agudat Yisrael, Progress and Development and Cooperation and Brotherhood. After the Six-Day War broke out, Rafi and Gahal joined the coalition.On 21 January 1968, Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi (with the exception of Ben-Gurion, who formed the National List in protest) merged into one body, creating the Israeli Labor Party.The establishment of the Labour Party by a union of parties Israeli Labor Party (in Hebrew)Ervin Birnbaum (1970) The Politics of Compromise: State and Religion in Israel, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, p53On 28 January 1969, the party allied itself with Mapam, the alliance becoming known as the Alignment.As the largest faction within the Alignment, Labor came to dominate it. Mapam left during the eighth Knesset, but rejoined shortly afterwards.During the 1970s, the welfare state was expandedBOOK, Shlomo, Swirski, Politics and Education in Israel: Comparisons with the United States, Taylor & Francis, 2004, 0203906721, 204, BOOK, Jacqueline, Portugese, Fertility Policy in Israel: The Politics of Religion, Gender, and Nation, Greenwood Publishing Group, Greenwood, 1998, 0-275-96098-6, {{Google books, xClE5kFYAE0C, 98, yes, |page=98}} under successive Labor governments, with increases in pension benefitsBOOK, Into the Promised Land: Issues Facing the Welfare State, Ben-Arieh, A., Gal, J., 2001, Praeger, 9780275969059,weblink 106, 12 September 2015, and the creation of new social security schemes such as disability insurance and unemployment insurance in 1970, children's insurance in 1975, vacation pay for adopting parents in 1976,WEB,weblink 1 March 2011, Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2010 – Israel, Social Security Administration, 12 September 2015, a Family Allowance for Veterans in 1970, a benefit for Prisoners of Zion in 1973, and a mobility benefit and a Volunteers' Rights benefit in 1975.BOOK, John, Gal, Values, Categorical Benefits and Categorical Legacies in Israel, {{Google books, WvkP36ZlOk0C, 115, yes, |editor1=Asher Ben-Arieh|editor2=John Gal|title=Into the Promised Land: Issues Facing the Welfare State|publisher=Greenwood|year=2001|isbn=0-275-96905-3|page=126}} During 1975–76, a modest program of housing rehabilitation was launched in a dozen or so older neighbourhoods,BOOK, Frederick A., Lazin, Politics and Policy Implementation: Project Renewal in Israel, State University of New York Press, 1994, 0-7914-1691-7, {{Google books, Bf0QBVeUtEcC, 18, yes, |page=18}} while the Sick Leave Compensation Law of 1976 provided for compensation in cases when employees were absent from work because of illness.WEB,weblink 16 July 2014, Employment, The Ministry of Aliyah and Immigrant Absorption, 12 September 2015,

Opposition and comeback 1977–2001

(File:Avoda ballot.JPG|thumb|200px|Labor party ballot: Emet)In the 1977 elections, Labor ended up in opposition for the first time. In the 1984 elections, Labor joined a national unity government with Likud, with the post of Prime Minister rotating between the two parties.Mapam broke away again during the eleventh Knesset, angry at Shimon Peres's decision to form a national unity government with Likud. Although the Independent Liberals merged into the Alignment in the 1980s, they had no Knesset representation at the time.On 7 October 1991, the Alignment ceased to exist, with all factions formally merged into the Labor Party. At this time, the Likud Government faced numerous problems, such as economic problems, the challenge of assimilating a large influx of immigrants from the former Soviet Union, serious tensions with the American government led by President George H.W. Bush{{why|date=October 2011}} and internal division. Led by Yitzhak Rabin, Labor won the 1992 elections and formed the government together with Meretz and Shas. In domestic policy, the Labor-led government introduced various measures to improve levels of social protection. Better provisions were introduced for single parentweblink and people with disabilities,WEB, Changes to disability benefits, International Social Security Association,weblinkweblink dead, 5 March 2016, while income support entitlements were liberalised.WEB, Changes to income support entitlements, International Social Security Association,weblinkweblink dead, 8 March 2016, The 1994 Law to Reduce Poverty and Income Inequality (which was extended a year later) increased income maintenance grants to needy families, particularly benefitting those sections of society most vulnerable to poverty.JOURNAL, Social Science Quarterly,weblink 25 April 2002, Who Benefits the Most? The Unequal Allocation of Transfers in the Israeli Welfare State, Alisa C. Lewin and Haya Stier, 83, 2, Southwestern Social Science Association, 12 September 2015, In 1995, a national health insurance policy was implemented, making access to health care a right for all Israelis.WEB,weblink 2BackToHomePage2,, 12 September 2015, Various measures were also introduced to bring greater progressivity into the system of collection of national insurance contributions.WEB, Collection of contributions, International Social Security Association,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink 10 March 2014, A maternity grant for adopting mothers was introduced,WEB, Maternity grant for adopting mother, International Social Security Association,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink 10 March 2014, together with old-age insurance for housewives,WEB, Old-age insurance for housewives, International Social Security Association,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink 10 March 2014, a minimum unemployment allowance,WEB, Unemployment allowances and minimum wages, International Social Security Association,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink 10 March 2014, and a partial injury allowance.WEB, Payment of partial injury allowance, International Social Security Association,weblink dead,weblink" title="">weblink 10 March 2014, In addition, investments were made in numerous development projectsWEB,weblink Sheves Shimon about the social and economic policies of Rabin's government – YouTube,, 12 September 2015, while affirmative action programmes were launched to hire Palestinian citizens in the public sector, the Ministry of Interior increased the budgets for Arab local councils, and the Ministry of Education increased the budget for Arab education.BOOK, Go, Julian, Political Power and Social Theory,weblink 18 March 2014, 19 September 2012, Emerald Group Publishing, 9781780528670, 128, The subsequent role of Labor became to a large extent tied to the Oslo Accords, based on the principle "land for peace". The Oslo Accords led to a vote of confidence, which the Government won with a margin of 61–50 (8 abstained). Several MKs from the Government parties declined to support the Government, but on the other hand, the Arab parties came to its rescue. Due to the lack of a constitution in Israel, the Government was able to implement the accords with a thin margin.Rabin's decision to advance peace talks with the Palestinians to the point of signing the Oslo Accords led to his assassination by Yigal Amir in 1995. Peres decided to call early elections in 1996 to give him a mandate for advancing the peace process. However, his ploy failed; although Labor won the most seats in the Knesset election, he lost to the election for Prime Minister to Benjamin Netanyahu following a wave of suicide bombings by Hamas. Netanyahu and Likud were thus able to form the government.With his coalition falling apart, Netanyahu decided to call early elections in 1999. Ehud Barak won the internal primaries, and was nominated as the Labor candidate for Prime Minister. Meanwhile, the party entered an electoral alliance with Meimad and Gesher called One Israel. Barak won the Prime Minister election, whilst One Israel won the Knesset elections, albeit with only 26 seats.Barak started by forming a 75-member coalition together with Shas, Meretz, Yisrael BaAliyah, the National Religious Party and United Torah Judaism. The coalition with religious parties (NRP, Shas and UTJ) caused tensions with the secularist Meretz, who quit the coalition after a disagreement with Shas over the authority of the Deputy Education Minister. The rest of the parties left before the Camp David 2000 summit.

Decline since 2001

Following the October 2000 riots and the violence of the al-Aqsa Intifada, Barak resigned from office. He then lost a special election for Prime Minister to Likud's Ariel Sharon. However, Labor remained in Sharon's coalition as he formed a national unity government with Likud, Labor, Shas, Yisrael BaAliyah and United Torah Judaism, and were given two of the most important cabinet portfolios; Peres was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Benjamin Ben-Eliezer was made Defense Minister. Labor supported Operation Defensive Shield, which was conducted in April 2002 against Palestinians in the West Bank. After harsh criticism that Peres and Ben-Elizer were "puppets" of Sharon and not promoting the peace process, Labor quit the government in 2003.Prior to the 2003 elections, Amram Mitzna won the party primaries, and led the party into the election with a platform that included unilateral withdrawal from the Gaza Strip. The party was routed in the elections, winning only 19 seats (its lowest ever), whilst Sharon's Likud won 38 (40 after Yisrael BaAliyah merged into the party). Subsequently, due to internal opposition, Mitzna resigned from the party leadership,WEB,weblink Mitzna's resignation speech,, 20 June 1995, 25 April 2010, and soon afterwards was replaced by Shimon Peres. Despite being omitted from the original right-wing coalition, Sharon invited Labor into the coalition to shore up support for the disengagement plan (effectively Mitzna's policy which he had earlier lambasted) after the National Union and the National Religious Party had left the government.On 8 November 2005, Shimon Peres was replaced as the leader of the Labor party by the election of left-wing Histadrut union leader Amir Peretz in an internal Labor party ballot. Critics of Labor have argued that, over the years, the party had abandoned its socialist heritage in favor of economic and business elites, and had passed the mantle of custodian of the underprivileged to right-wing and religious parties.Efraim Inbar: "The Decline of the Israel Labor Party" Perspectives Papers on Current Affairs, Perspectives 70, 23 February 2009. Peretz stated his intention to reassert Labor's traditional socialist policies, and took the party out of the government. This prompted Sharon to resign and call for new elections in March 2006. Prior to the election, the political map had been redrawn, as Sharon and the majority of Likud's MKs, together with a number of Labor MKs, including Shimon Peres, and some from other parties, had formed the new political party Kadima. In the elections Labor won 19 seats, making it the second largest party after Kadima. It joined Ehud Olmert's Kadima-led government, with Peretz appointed Defense Minister. Labor's main coalition demand and campaign promise was raising the minimum wage.WEB,weblink Kadima, Labor talks 'making progress', On 28 May 2007 a leadership election resulted in Ehud Barak and Ami Ayalon defeating Peretz who was pushed into third place. In the run-off election (required as neither Barak nor Ayalon received over 40% of the vote), Barak was re-elected as party chairman. Despite stating that he would withdraw the party from the government unless Olmert resigned,Israel party votes to oust leader BBC News, 29 May 2007 Barak remained in government and took over as Defense Minister.Prior to the 2009 elections Labor and Meimad ended their alliance, with Meimad ultimately running a joint list with the Green Movement (which did not pass the electoral threshold). Several prominent members left the party, including Ami Ayalon, and Efraim Sneh (who formed Yisrael Hazaka). In the elections, Labor was reduced to just 13 seats, making it the fourth largest party behind Kadima, Likud and Yisrael Beiteinu.Analysing the downfall of the once dominant political party in Israel, Efraim Inbar of the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies points to several factors. By forfeiting identification with the establishment and building of the State of Israel, symbolised by a predilection for military service and by the settling of the land of Israel, Labor lost its most important asset. Deserting the Zionist symbol of Jerusalem, by showing willingness to cede part of it to the Palestinians was an ill-fated move. When cosmopolitan and individualist values made inroads into the party, it distanced itself from the collectivist ethos that has been dominant and is still widespread in Israel. Their association with the Oslo Accords meant that they could not avoid being discredited by its failure. Demographic factors have worked against Labor, as the growing Sefardi population, as well as the recent Russian-Jewish immigrants, have largely voted for other parties. Attempts to gain the support of the Israeli Arab voters have damaged the image of the party, and yielded no harvest.(File:Israeli Labor seat decline.png|thumb|Seats held by the Labor party since its founding.)On 17 January 2011, disillusionment with party leader Ehud Barak, over his support for coalition policies, especially regarding the peace process, led to Barak's resignation from the Labor Party with four other Knesset members to establish a new "centrist, Zionist and democratic" party, Independence. Following this move, all Labor Party government ministers resigned.Two days after the split, a group of prominent members of Israel's business, technology, and cultural communities including Jerusalem Venture Partners founder Erel Margalit founded the "Avoda Now" movement calling for a revival of the Labor Party. The movement launched a public campaign calling the people to support the Labor party, with the aim of renewing its institutions, restore its social values, and choose new dynamic leadership.NEWS,weblink Erel Margalit Announces His Candidacy to Lead the Labor Party, Reuters, 27 April 2011, 8 September 2011, Shelly Yachimovich was elected leader in 2011 saying "I promise that we will work together. This is just the beginning of a new start for Israeli society." She was congratulated by many in the party including her one-time rival Amir Peretz.WEB,weblink Yacimovich celebrates becoming Labor leader: We've won – Breaking News – Jerusalem Post,, 12 September 2015, Yachimovich was replaced as leader by Isaac Herzog in 2013.In the 2013 legislative election held on 22 January 2013, Labor received 11.39% of the national vote,winning 15 seats.WEB,weblink Elections in Israel January 2013,, 12 September 2015, On 10 December 2014, party leader Isaac Herzog and Tzipi Livni, leader and founder of the Hatnuah party, announced an electoral alliance to contest the upcoming legislative election.WEB,weblink Labor, Livni Agree to Join Forces Ahead of Elections – National – Haaretz,, 12 September 2015, In the 2015 legislative election on 7 March 2015, the joint list Zionist Union received 24 seats in the Knesset, of which 19 belong to the Labor Party. Both parties remained independent parties while both represented by the Zionist Union faction in the Knesset. The partnership continued after Avi Gabbay was elected chairman of the party on July 10, 2017, until January 1, 2019, when Gabbay announced the dissolution of the union unilaterally.weblinkOn 10 April 2018 the Israeli Labor Party officially cut ties with Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn, accusing him of antisemitism.NEWS,weblink Antisemitism: Israeli Labor leader cuts ties with Jeremy Corbyn, correspondent, Jessica Elgot Political, 2018-04-10, The Guardian, 2019-01-07, en-GB, 0261-3077, On 10 July 2018, the Labor Party suspended its membership of the Socialist International after the international adopted a policy of BDS towards Israel.WEB,weblink Israel's Labor party quits Socialist International after it adopts BDS, Hoffman, Gil, 10 July 2018, Jerusalem Post, Labor's support collapsed in the April 2019 legislative election, being reduced to only 4,43% of votes and 6 seats, marking it as the worst result in the party's history.In July 2019, Amir Peretz was elected as the new leader of the Labor party.WEB, Amir Peretz elected Labor party leader,weblink Globes, 3 July 2019, A few weeks later, on 18 July 2019, ahead of the September 2019 election, Amir Peretz merged the party with the Gesher party, giving Gesher multiple spots on Labor's candidate list.NEWS,weblink Labor nabs Orly Levy-Abekasis, Left joint list called off, 18 July 2019, The Jerusalem Post, Gil Hoffman, Jeremy Sharon, Tamar Beeri, 18 July 2019,

Political principles



Mapai evolved from the socialist Poale Zion movement and adhered to the Socialist Zionist ideology promulgated by Nahum Syrkin and Ber Borochov. Under Ben-Gurion's leadership (1930–1954), Mapai focused mainly on a Zionist agenda, as establishing a homeland for the Jewish people was seen as the most urgent issue.After the founding of the state of Israel, Mapai engaged in nation building—the establishment of the Israel Defense Forces (while dismantling every other armed group), the establishment of many settlements, the settling of more than 1,000,000 Jewish immigrants and the desire to unite all the inhabitants of Israel under a new Zionist Jewish Israeli culture (an ideology known as the "Melting pot" כור היתוך).Labor in the past was more hawkish on security and defense issues than it is now. During its years in office, Israel fought the 1956 Sinai War, the Six-Day War and the Yom Kippur War.


Labor's original socialist ideology has evolved into a programme that supports a mixed economy with strong social welfare programmes. In the post–Cold War era, the party's foreign policy retains a strong orientation toward the United States, and its security policy maintains that a permanent peace with the Palestinians can only be based on agreements that are enforceable.BOOK,weblink The Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, Baskin, Judith Reesa, Cambridge University Press, 2010, 303, 9780521825979, Along with other center-left Israeli parties, it is committed to the continued existence of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state. It believes in maintaining a strong defense force and also supports the promotion of individual human rights. It supports most Supreme Court decisions on the latter issue, as well as the adoption of a written constitution that would entrench human rights.In November 2005, Amir Peretz, leader of the social-democratic One Nation which had merged into Labor, was elected chairman of the party, defeating Shimon Peres. Under Peretz, and especially in the 2006 electoral campaign, the party took a significant ideological turn, putting social and economic issues on top of its agenda, and advocating a moderate social-democratic approach (including increases in minimum wage and social security payments), in sharp contrast to the neoliberal policies led by former Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Party leaders

{{col-begin}}{{col-break}}{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"! ! colspan="2" | Leader! Took office! Left office! Prime Ministerial tenure
170px)| Levi Eshkol| 1968| 1969| 1963–1969
270px)| Golda Meir| 1969| 1974| 1969–1974
370px)| Yitzhak Rabin| 1974| 1977| 1974–1977
470px)| Shimon Peres| 1977| 1992| 1984–1986
(3)70px)| Yitzhak Rabin| 1992| 1995| 1992–1995
(4)70px)| Shimon Peres| 1995| 1997| 1995–1996
570px)| Ehud Barak| 1997| 2001| 1999–2001
{{col-break}}{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"! ! colspan="2" | Leader! Took office! Left office 658px)| Binyamin Ben-Eliezer| 2001| 2002 758px)| Amram Mitzna| 2002| 2003 (4)58px)| Shimon Peres| 2003| 2005 858px)| Amir Peretz| 2005| 2007 (5)58px)| Ehud Barak| 2007| 2011 958px)| Shelly Yachimovich| 2011| 2013 1058px)| Isaac Herzog| 2013| 2017 1158px)| Avi Gabbay| 2017| 2019 (8)58px)| Amir Peretz| 2019| Incumbent{{col-end}}

Other prominent members

Prominent former members include:{{col-begin}}{{col-break}} {{col-break}} {{col-end}}

Election results{| classwikitable styletext-align:center

!Election!Votes!%!Seats!+/–!Leader!Status1969 Israeli legislative election>1969Part of the Alignment49hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}||Golda MeirGovernment}}1973 Israeli legislative election>1973Part of the Alignment44hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{decrease}} 5|Golda MeirGovernment}}1977 Israeli legislative election>1977Part of the Alignment28hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{decrease}} 16|Shimon PeresOpposition}}1981 Israeli legislative election>1981Part of the Alignment40hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{increase}} 12|Shimon PeresOpposition}}1984 Israeli legislative election>1984Part of the Alignment37hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{decrease}} 3|Shimon PeresGovernment}}1988Part of the Alignment{{Composition bar120|hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}{{decrease}} 4Shimon PeresGovernment (1988–1990)}}Opposition (1990–1992)}}1992 Israeli legislative election>1992|906,810 (#1)|34.744hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{increase}} 5|Yitzhak RabinGovernment}}1996 Israeli legislative election>1996|818,741 (#1)|26.834hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{decrease}} 10|Shimon PeresOpposition}}1999Part of One Israel{{Composition bar120|hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}{{decrease}} 11Ehud Barak Binyamin Ben-EliezerGovernment (1999–2001)}}Opposition (2001–2003)}} 2003455,183 (#2){{small|(with Meimad)}}14.5{{Composition bar120|hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}{{decrease}} 5Amram Mitzna Shimon Peres Amir PeretzOpposition (2003–2005)}}Government (2005)}} Opposition (2005–2006)}} 2006 Israeli legislative election>2006(with Meimad)}}|15.118hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{steady}}|Amir PeretzGovernment}}2009334,900 (#4)9.9{{Composition bar120|hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}{{decrease}} 5Ehud Barak Shelly YachimovichGovernment (2009–2011)}}Opposition (2011–2013)}}2013 Israeli legislative election>2013|432,118 (#3)|11.415hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{increase}} 2|Shelly YachimovichOpposition}}2015 Israeli legislative election>2015Part of the Zionist Union19hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{increase}} 4|Isaac HerzogOpposition}}April 2019 Israeli legislative election>April 2019|190,870 (#6)|4.436hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{decrease}} 13|Avi GabbaySnap election}}September 2019 Israeli legislative election>September 2019(with Gesher)}}|4.805hex={{Israeli Labor Party/meta/color}}}}|{{decrease}} 1|Amir Peretz|TBD

Current MKs{| class"wikitable"|+

!Year!Members!Total|2019|Amir Peretz, Itzik Shmuli, Merav Michaeli, Omer Bar-Lev, Revital Swid|5



External links

{{Commons category}} {{Israeli political parties}}{{Party of European Socialists}}{{Authority control}}

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