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Israel Railways
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factoids
Rail transport in Israel>Railways| hq_location = Lod railway station| hq_location_city = Lod| hq_location_country = Israel| area_served = Israel| key_people = Shahar Ayalon (CEO)| services = Rail transport, Cargo transportNew Israeli shekel>₪940+ millionJeremaya Goldberg: Israel reports 9% passenger increase in International Railway Journal, 2016-03-30, retrieved 4 April 2016| revenue_year = 2015New Israeli shekel>₪1 billionHTTP://WWW.RAIL.CO.IL/EN/ABOUT/PAGES/ABOUT.ASPX>TITLE=ISRAEL RAILWAYS – ABOUT ISRAEL RAILWAYS, | income_year = 2016New Israeli shekel>₪1.5 billionHTTP://WWW.RAIL.CO.IL/HE/ABOUT/PAGES/PR2015.ASPX>TITLE=רכבת ישראל - הודעות דוברות - 2015–2016, | net_income_year = 2014| owner = Government of Israel| num_employees = 1,900| num_employees_year = 2015| footnotes = weblink}}}}







factoids
|start_year = 1948|end_year = presentsg}}|electrification = In the process of conversion to electric|length = 1,138 kmweblink}}}}
Israel Railways Ltd., dba Israel Railways (, Rakevet Yisra'el), is the state-owned principal railway company responsible for all inter-city, commuter, and freight rail transport in Israel. All its lines are standard gauge. The network is centered in Israel's densely populated coastal plain, from which lines radiate out in many directions. In 2017, the Israel Railways carried 65 million passengers.Unlike road vehicles and city trams, Israeli railway trains run on the left hand tracks, matching neighboring Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries, whose formerly connected rail networks were constructed by British engineers.Until 1980, the company's head office was located at the Haifa Center HaShmona railway station. Tzvi Tzafriri, the general manager of Israel Railways, decided to move the head office to the Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station. In 2017, the company's head office was moved to a new campus built on the grounds of the Lod railway station.

Stations

There are 69 stations with one under construction on the Israel Railways network, with almost all of the stations equipped with accessibility help for disabled, audio system, vending machines and parking.

Bicycle policy

Bicycles are permitted on board the train in designated coaches.The Israeli train support people to use bicycle by building a double-deck parking for bicycle in every train station and by allowing people to take the bike with them on the train to minimize the need of private cars

Smoking

In Israel, smoking is prohibited in public enclosed places or commercial areas via several laws:particularly, since 1983, the "Israel Clean Air Act" ((:he:חוק אוויר נקי לישראל|חוק אוויר נקי לישראל) (in Hebrew)).WEB, Law for the restriction of smoking in public places, (in Hebrew),weblink 21 November 2007, The law was amended in 2007 so that owners are held accountable for smoking in premises under their responsibility. The second means by which smoking is regulated in Israel is via the environmental hazard law,WEB,weblink (in Hebrew), and via criminal law smoking (or the introduction of second-hand smoke) may even be considered an assault.WEB,weblink בימ"ש: עישון במסעדה הוא תקיפה ועילה לפיטורים, כרמל בן, צור, 3 September 2007, 26 June 2016, Haaretz, the criminal act law defines smoking as an assault (in Hebrew) Although smoking in railway stations is allowed at designated zones of the station, the sale of tobacco from automated vending machines is prohibited.

List of stations

{{Israel Railways routemap}}{| class="wikitable"! Station !! City!! DistrictNahariya Railway Station>Nahariya Nahariya rowspan="8"Northern District (Israel)>Northern DistrictAcre Railway Station>Akko (Acre) AcreAfula Railway Station>Afula AfulaBeit She'an Railway Station>Beit She'an Beit She'anMigdal HaEmek – Kfar Baruch Railway Station>Migdal HaEmek – Kfar Baruchh Kfar BaruchYokneam – Kfar Yehoshua Railway Station>Yokneam – Kfar Yehoshua Kfar YehoshuaAhihud Railway Station>Ahihud AhihudKarmiel Railway Station>Karmiel KarmielKiryat Motzkin Railway Station>Kiryat Motzkin Kiryat Motzkin rowspan="11"| Haifa DistrictKiryat Haim Railway Station>Kiryat Haim HaifaHutzot HaMifratz Railway Station>Hutzot HaMifratz HaifaHaMifrats Central Railway Station>HaMifrats Central HaifaHaifa Center HaShmona Railway Station>Haifa Center HaShmona HaifaHaifa Bat Galim Railway Station>Haifa Bat Galim HaifaCarmel Beach Railway Station>Haifa Hof HaCarmel HaifaAtlit Railway Station>Atlit AtlitBinyamina Railway Station>Binyamina Binyamina-Giv'at AdaCaesarea-Pardes Hanna Railway Station>Caesarea-Pardes Hanna Pardes Hanna-Karkur + CaesareaHadera West Railway Station>Hadera Ma'arav HaderaNetanya Railway Station>Netanya Netanya rowspan="10"Central District (Israel)>Central DistrictNetanya Sapir Railway Station>Netanya Sapir NetanyaBeit Yehoshua Railway Station>Beit Yehoshua Beit YehoshuaRa'anana West Railway Station>Ra'anana West Ra'ananaRa'anana South Railway Station>Ra'anana South Ra'ananaHod Hasharon Sokolov Railway Station>Hod Hasharon Sokolov Hod HaSharonKfar Saba – Nordau Railway Station>Kfar Saba – Nordau Kfar SabaRosh HaAyin North Railway Station>Rosh HaAyin North Rosh HaAyinPetah Tikva Sgula Railway Station>Petah Tikva Sgula Petah TikvaPetah Tikva Kiryat Aryeh Railway Station>Petah Tikva Kiryat Aryeh Petah TikvaBnei Brak Railway Station>Bnei Brak Bnei Brak rowspan="6"| Tel Aviv DistrictHerzliya Railway Station>Herzliya HerzliyaTel Aviv University Railway Station>Tel Aviv University Tel AvivTel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station>Tel Aviv Savidor Central Tel AvivTel Aviv HaShalom Railway Station>Tel Aviv HaShalom Tel AvivTel Aviv HaHagana Railway Station>Tel Aviv HaHagana Tel AvivBen Gurion Airport Railway Station>Ben Gurion Airport Ben Gurion Airport rowspan="4"Central District (Israel)>Central DistrictPaatei Modi'in Railway Station>Paatei Modi'in Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'utModi'in Central Railway Station>Modi'in Central Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'utRamla Railway Station>Ramla RamlaBeit Shemesh Railway Station>Beit Shemesh Beit Shemesh rowspan="4" | Jerusalem DistrictBiblical Zoo Railway Station>Biblical Zoo JerusalemJerusalem Malha Railway Station>Jerusalem Malha JerusalemJerusalem–Yitzhak Navon railway station>Jerusalem–Yitzhak Navon|JerusalemHolon Junction Railway Station>Holon Junction Holon rowspan="4"| Tel Aviv DistrictHolon-Wolfson Railway Station>Holon-Wolfson HolonBat Yam-Yoseftal Railway Station>Bat Yam-Yoseftal Bat YamBat Yam-Komemiyut Railway Station>Bat Yam-Komemiyut Bat YamRishon LeZion Moshe Dayan Railway Station>Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan Rishon LeZion rowspan="5"Central District (Israel)>Central DistrictRishon LeZion HaRishonim Railway Station>Rishon LeZion HaRishonim Rishon LeZionRehovot Railway Station>Rehovot RehovotYavne West Railway Station>Yavne West YavneYavne East Railway Station>Yavne East YavneAshdod Ad Halom Railway Station>Ashdod Ad Halom Ashdod rowspan="10"Southern District (Israel)>Southern DistrictAshkelon Railway Station>Ashkelon AshkelonSderot Railway Station>Sderot SderotNetivot Railway Station>Netivot NetivotOfakim Railway Station>Ofakim OfakimKiryat Gat Railway Station>Kiryat Gat Kiryat GatLehavim-Rahat Railway Station>Lehavim-Rahat Lehavim + RahatBe'er Sheva North}} BeershebaBe'er Sheva Center}} BeershebaDimona Railway Station>Dimona Dimona

Lines

(File:Israel Railways Map (en).png|thumb|Schematic diagram of Israel Railways passenger services)(File:Israeli-Palestinian Railways.svg|thumb|Regional map of past and present railway lines)Israel Railways' passenger routes are divided into ten operational lines and three lines under construction:{| class="wikitable"!Line!!Terminus (start)!!Intermediate stations!!Terminus (end)Coastal railway line, Israel>Nahariya–AshkelonNahariya Railway Station>NahariyaAcre Railway Station>Akko – Kiryat Motzkin Railway Station – Kiryat Haim Railway Station>Kiryat Haim – Hutzot HaMifratz Railway Station – HaMifrats Central railway station>HaMifrats Central – Haifa Center HaShmona Railway Station – Haifa Bat Galim Railway Station>Haifa Bat Galim – Haifa Hof HaCarmel Railway Station – Atlit Railway Station>Atlit – Binyamina Railway Station – Caesarea-Pardes Hanna Railway Station>Caesarea-Pardes Hanna – Hadera Railway Station – Netanya Railway Station>Netanya – Beit Yehoshua Railway Station – Herzliya Railway Station>Herzliya – Tel Aviv University Railway Station – Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station>Tel Aviv Center – Tel Aviv HaShalom Railway Station – Tel Aviv HaHagana Railway Station>Tel Aviv HaHagana – Holon Junction Railway Station – Holon-Wolfson Railway Station>Holon Wolfson – Bat Yam-Yoseftal Railway Station – Bat Yam-Komemiyut Railway Station>Bat Yam Komemiyut – Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan Railway Station – Yavne West Railway Station>Yavne West – Ashdod Ad HalomAshkelon Railway Station>Ashkelon| Tel Aviv–Ra'ananaTel Aviv University Railway Station>Tel Aviv UniversityBnei Brak Railway Station>Bnei Brak – Petah Tikva Kiryat Aryeh Railway Station – Petah Tikva Sgula Railway Station>Petah Tikva Sgula – Rosh HaAyin North Railway Station – Kfar Saba – Nordau Railway Station>Kfar Saba – Nordau – Hod Hasharon Sokolov Railway Station – Ra'anana South Railway Station>Ra'anana SouthRa'anana West Railway Station>Ra'anana West| Tel Aviv–LodTel Aviv HaHagana Railway Station>Tel Aviv HaHaganaKfar Chabad Railway Station>Kfar Chabad – Lod Ganei Aviv Railway Station – Lod Railway Station>LodRishon LeZion HaRishonim Railway Station>Rishon LeZion HaRishonim| Tel Aviv–Modi'inTel Aviv HaHagana Railway Station>Tel Aviv HaHaganaBen Gurion Airport Railway Station>Ben Gurion Airport – Pa'atei Modi'inModi'in Center Railway Station>Modi'in Center| Lod–AshkelonLod Railway Station>LodBe'er Ya'akov Railway Station>Be'er Ya'akov – Rehovot Railway Station – Yavne East Railway Station>Yavne East – Ashdod Ad HalomAshkelon Railway Station>AshkelonRailway to Beersheba>Lod–Be'er ShevaLod Railway Station>LodRamla Railway Station>Ramla – Kiryat Gat Railway Station – Lehavim-Rahat Railway Station>Lehavim-Rahat – Be'er Sheva NorthBe'er Sheva Center Railway Station>Be'er Sheva Center| Lod–JerusalemLod Railway Station>LodRamla Railway Station>Ramla – Beit Shemesh Railway Station – Biblical Zoo Railway Station>Biblical ZooJerusalem Malha Railway Station>Jerusalem MalhaTel Aviv–Jerusalem railway>Tel Aviv–JerusalemTel Aviv HaHagana Railway Station>Tel Aviv HaHaganaBen Gurion Airport Railway Station>Ben Gurion AirportJerusalem–Yitzhak Navon railway station>Jerusalem–Yitzhak NavonAshkelon–Beersheba railway>Ashkelon–Be'er ShevaAshkelon Railway Station>AshkelonSderot Railway Station>Sderot – Netivot Railway Station – Ofakim Railway Station>OfakimBe'er Sheva North Railway Station>Be'er Sheva NorthRailway to Karmiel>Akko–KarmielAcre Railway Station>AkkoAhihud Railway Station>AhihudKarmiel Railway Station>KarmielJezreel Valley railway>Haifa–Beit She'anHaifa Center HaShmona Railway Station>Haifa CenterHaMifrats Central railway station>HaMifrats Central – Yokneam/Kfar Yehoshua Railway Station – Migdal HaEmek/Kfar Baruch Railway Station>Migdal HaEmek – Kfar Baruch – AfulaBeit She'an Railway Station>Beit She'an

Future

{{see also|Rail transport in Israel}}The flagship project of Israel Railways is the construction of an improved rail line from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The line began as an extension of the current railway to Ben Gurion Airport and Modi'in, and terminates in a new underground station beside the Jerusalem Central Bus Station. An additional proposal will connect Modi'in to Jerusalem if built by connecting to the aforementioned line.WEB,weblink Israel Railways to build Modi'in-Jerusalem rail link, Globes, 6 July 2016, 12 August 2016, A {{convert|23.5|km|mi}} line from the city of Acre, on the Mediterranean coast, to Karmiel was completed in March 2017. However, this tract bypasses Acre and does not make a stop there ; it is planned to be extended north to the north-eastern town of Qiryat Shemona, with future stations also planned for Jadeidi-Makr and Majd al-Krum, though there is no timetable for construction. This line will be fully electrified.WEB,weblink Israel starts mainline electrification, orders Bombardier electric locomotives, Trains Magazine, 28 August 2015, 29 August 2015, WEB,weblink Karmiel - Akko railway line completed, Globes, 16 March 2017, 21 March 2017, In 2011 the reconstruction and expansion of the {{convert|60|km|mi}} long, formerly abandoned Jezreel Valley railway line connecting Haifa and Beit Shean (near the Jordanian border) started. This was completed in 2016. There has been talk of further extending the line to Irbid, in Jordan (to allow a direct freight connection from Jordan to the Mediterranean Sea), however no decision has yet been made on this matter. Another proposed extension under discussion would connect the reconstructed Jezreel Valley railway at Afula to Tiberias.WEB,weblink New train from Tiberias to Tel Aviv in 1 hour, Ynetnews, 22 July 2016, 12 August 2016, In May 2017, an extension of the railway from Arad via Kuseife was approved. The line would connect to the existing Beersheba–Dimona rail line at the proposed new station at Nevatim.WEB,weblink Arad railway extension approved, Globes, 16 May 2017, 16 May 2017,

Rolling stock

{{update|date=July 2018|reason=According to IR annual report, IR has a total of 135 locos etc. (2017), different from the numbers on this list}}

Current

style"background:#f9f9f9;"">

Locomotives {| class"wikitable" style"background:#f9f9f9;"

! rowspan="2" |Class! rowspan="2" |Image! rowspan="2" |Type! colspan="2" |Top speed! rowspan="2" |Number! rowspan="2" |Remarks! rowspan="2" |Built style="background:#f9f9f9;"!mph!km/h|EMD G12100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|||27Bo-Bo.Cotterell, 1984, page 136 Israel imported 23 from Electro-Motive Diesel>EMD 1954–62 and captured four more from Egyptian National Railways in the 1967 Six-Day War. Some have been withdrawn and one (No. 107) is now in the Israel Railway Museum in Haifa.HTTP://WWW.RAIL.CO.IL/EN/FUN/MUSEUM/PAGES/GALLERY.ASPX>TITLE=GALLERYACCESSDATE=25 MAY 2011ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20120619041704/HTTP://RAIL.CO.IL/EN/FUN/MUSEUM/PAGES/GALLERY.ASPX, 19 June 2012, No. 106 was withdrawn after sabotage. Nos. 119 & 123 withdrawn after incidents. No. 130 never in service due to Six-Day War.|1954–62|EMD G26100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|||12|Cotterell, 1984, page 137|1971–82SJ T44>T44100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|60|100|1prime mover (locomotive)>prime mover.|1989?|EMD GT26CW-2100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|||14National Railway Equipment Company>NRE which were completely rebuilt by TŽV Gredelj from 11 Croatian Railways HŽ series 2062 GT26 units plus 2 new frames and designated as NGT26CW-3 variants. They were delivered to Israel Railways between August 2015 and December 2017 and numbered 710-722.|1989, 2015–17Israel Railways JT 42CW>Alstom Prima JT 42CW100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|68|110|8|Series 702-709. EMD prime mover.|1996Israel Railways JT 42BW>Alstom Prima JT 42BW100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|87|140|48|Series 731-778. EMD prime mover.|1996–2006|GA DE900 locomotives100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|50|80|3shunting (rail)>shunting. Only non-EMD powered diesel locomotives in IR's fleet.|1997|Vossloh Euro 3200100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|100|160|24|Series 1301–1324. With modifications capable of 200 km/h. EMD prime mover.|2011–13|Vossloh Euro 4000100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|80|130|14|Series 1401–1414. EMD prime mover.|2011TRAXX>Bombardier TRAXX P160 AC3100px)|Electric locomotive|100|160|62 (32 options)25 kV AC railway electrification>25 kV 50 Hz AC operation. 6 MW electric output. Initial delivery began in 2017.|2017 style"background:#f9f9f9;"">

Multiple Units {| class"wikitable" style"background:#f9f9f9;"

! rowspan="2" |Class! rowspan="2" |Image! colspan="2" |Top speed! rowspan="2" |Number! rowspan="2" |Remarks! rowspan="2" |Built style="background:#f9f9f9;"!mph!km/h ABB Scandia IC3 DMU100px)WORK=RAILFANEUROPE.NET, |180|9 sets (42-50)The introduction of IC3-trains in the early 1990s marked the beginning of a political recommitment to major improvements in the services of Israel Railways.Each IC3 set is composed of 3 cars and multiple sets may be joined together. Sets 42-50 purchased from SJ in 2005. 31 was scrapped after an incident near Revadim on 10 August 2006.HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Rolling stock news: IC3 set condemned. Series 19:4 issue 75 19, 21, 25 possibly out of service.|1990(File:IC3 7039 ISRAEL RAIL EFI ELIAN.jpg|100px)100160|10 sets (01-10)|1992|31 sets (11-41)|1994–96Siemens Desiro>Siemens Desiro HC EMU||100|160|~60 sets (330 cars)ACCESSDATE=4 OCTOBER 2017RAILWAY GAZETTE INTERNATIONAL>RAILWAY GAZETTETITLE=SIEMENS CHOSEN FOR $US 1BN ISRAELI EMU ORDERACCESSDATE=4 OCTOBER 2017INTERNATIONAL RAILWAY JOURNAL>DATE=28 SEPTEMBER 2017, Tender called for two basic double-deck sets: short (composed of 4 units) and long (6 units).|2019 style"background:#f9f9f9;"">

Carriages {| class"wikitable" style"background:#f9f9f9;"

! rowspan="2" |Class! rowspan="2" |Image! rowspan="2" |Type! colspan="2" |Top speed! rowspan="2" |Number! rowspan="2" |Remarks! rowspan="2" |Built style="background:#f9f9f9;"!mph!km/hAlstom Comfort Life>Alstom100px)|single deck push-pull|100|160|37WORK=ANGELFIRE.COM, |1996 Bombardier Double-deck Coach (File:Lod-Station26-08-07.jpg|100px) double deck push-pull (DDPP)HTTP://WWW.RAILWAYGAZETTE.COM/NC/NEWS/SINGLE-VIEW/VIEW/ISR-ORDERS-MORE-DOUBLE-DECKERS.HTML >ACCESSDATE=12 OCTOBER 2010 TITLE=ISR ORDERS MORE DOUBLE-DECKERS, 87 140 (to be retro-fitted to 160)|24PUBLISHER=, |2001–04|68|Coaches (TC-101) series 425-490. Four trailers out of operation|2001–04|7|Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 501-507.|2005–06|18|Coaches (TC-101) series 521-538.|2005–06|82|Coaches (TC-101) series 2201–2394.|2005–06Siemens Viaggio Light(File:Siemens Israel.jpg|100px)SIEMENS>ACCESSDATE=20 FEBRUARY 2011SIEMENS>TITLE=SIEMENS ISRAEL / MOBILITY IN ISRAEL, 100160|87 Three types: standard coach (901-953HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Siemens Coach number. Series 22:1 issue 84), standard coach with wheelchair accessible toilets (825-849) and DVT with diesel generator (801-810).HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (September 2009), XXI Siemens Coaches in operation. Inititial impressions. Series 22:3 issue 86 First stock in service on 8 March 2009HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Siemens stock into service. Series 22:2 issue 85|2008ACCESSDATE=12 JUNE 2014, Israel Railways orders second batch of Siemens coaches, |31|2011|Bombardier Double-deck Coach100px)WORK=RAILWAY GAZETTE, ISR orders more double-deckers, |87/100|140/160|78|Further coaches were ordered from Bombardier in 2010.|2011|Bombardier Double-deck Coach|WORK=RAILWAY GAZETTE, First electrification-ready stock delivered to Israel Railways., |100|160|7225 kV AC railway electrification>25 kV 50 Hz High-speed railway to Jerusalem.|2014|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull|100|160|93|Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Sixty Ordered in 2016 and a further 33 in mid-2017.|2018|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull|100|160|54|Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Electric operation only (no diesel generator installed in control car). Ordered in late 2017.|2019 style"background:#f9f9f9;"">

Retired {| class"wikitable" style"background:#f9f9f9;"

! rowspan="2" |Class! rowspan="2" |Image! rowspan="2" |Type! colspan="2" |Top speed! rowspan="2" |Number! rowspan="2" |Remarks! rowspan="2" |Built style="background:#f9f9f9;"!mph!km/hBaldwin Locomotive Works>Baldwin H class100px)|Steam locomotive||| 6| Series 7-12 (H2), 13-17 (H3), 33 of series 871-920. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60.|1918North British Locomotive Company>NBL/LEW Hennigsdorf Egyptian State Railways 545 class>Egyptian 545 class||Steam locomotive||| 4Suez Crisis>1956 Israeli invasion of Sinai on the former Palestine Railways main line between El Kantara East and Gaza: numbers 546, 550 and 557 (NBL) and numbers 607 and 613 (Borsig). 4 taken into stock and used them around Lod in central Israel for 1–2 years. Withdrawn and scrapped in 1959.|1928, 1931North British Locomotive Company>NBL P class 4-6-0100px)|Steam locomotive||| 6Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60. Tender of 62 preserved in Israel Railway Museum>Railway Museum.|1935|LMS Stanier Class 8F100px)|Steam locomotive||| 23Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1958. One (the 24th) stranded 8F, 70372 (NBL works no. 24680), on a small section of the main line near Tulkarm on the West Bank side of the Green Line (Israel)>1949 Armistice line.It remained there, increasingly derelict, until after the Six-Day War. The Israelis finally removed and scrapped it in about 1973. A similar 8F of Turkish Republic Railways>TCDD 70414 preserved at Be'er Sheva Turkish Railway Station|1935–46|USATC S100 Class100px)|Steam locomotive||| 2| Number 21 &22 (class 957?). Transported from Europe to Suez in September 1942. To Palestine Railways, later Army. Later to Israel Railways.HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (September 1992), WD/USA 0-6-0Ts in Palestina, 1942–46. Issue 18 1|1942Société Franco-Belge>SAFB (GM-EMD)|Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive| 68| 110| 3| BoBo. In service until 1998. First diesel locomotive in IR's service|1951–52Maschinenfabrik Esslingen>Esslingen100px)Diesel multiple unit>DMU||| 12DB-Baureihe VT 08>VT08. 3-car sets (powered coaches 1-12, intermediate coaches 1-12, driving coaches 1-12), some later extended to 4-unit sets (with intermediate coaches 13-22).HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (July 1990). Issue 9 In the early sixties converted to non-powered coaches in push-pull service because of high maintenance costs. Withdrawn in 1979. Some carriages continued in regular services from 1992 until nineties as 111-117. One trailer should be preserved by the Country Museum in Tel Aviv|1956Maschinenfabrik Esslingen>Esslingen100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|||18|Series 211-229. Similar to DB Class V 60. In the mid-1960s, the Esslingen factory was closed. As a result, some almost-new locomotives were cannibalised for parts.HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (June 1992), The Esslingen shunters. Issue 17 One example preserved at the Railway Museum and another at the Jezreel Valley railway heritage site in Elro'i.|1955–56|EMD G16100px)Diesel-electric locomotive>DE locomotive|||3Co-Co locomotives>Co-Co. During the Six-Day War Israel captured Egyptian National Railways 3304, 3329 and 3361 which were appropriated into Israel Railways stock as numbers 301-303, later 161–163.COTTERELL ISBN=0-905878-04-3 TITLE=THE RAILWAYS OF PALESTINE AND ISRAEL PUBLISHER=TOURRET PUBLISHING, 103, All have now been withdrawn from service but 163 (formerly ER 3361) is preserved at the Israel Railway Museum.|1960–61Orenstein & Koppel>O&K||carriages|||8|3rd class coaches similar to German Eilzugwagen. Seating however different with 2+3 seat arrangement and 96 seats.HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (December 2009), 3rd. Class Passenger Coaches for the Israeli State Railways. Series 22:4 issue 87|1955Carel et Fouché|fr}} CarF100px)|carriages|||14|Picture: first carriage. Series 71-84|1961|Boris Kidrič/Metalka "Yugo"||carriages|||43TITLE=ISRAEL RAILWAYS PASSENGER TRAINS – DETAILS ON SHORT IRON CARRIAGE TYPES URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=9 OCTOBER 2007, HTTP://WWW.ISRARAIL.ORG.IL/GENERAL/EQUIP7.HTML >TITLE=GENERAL INFORMATION – TYPES OF ROLLING STOCK IN USE PUBLISHER=ISRAEL RAILWAYS ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20071028115017/HTTP://WWW.ISRARAIL.ORG.IL/GENERAL/EQUIP7.HTML Bnei Brak Railway Station>Bnei Brak.HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (September 2009), News. Series 22:3 issue 86|1964–72|DEV-Inox Carel et Fouché100px)|carriages|||8|Bought from SNCF in 1994 (Series 91-98). Original 1st class A9TJ-mainline carriage U64. Declassified to B10 1/2TJ in eighties. Scrapped in 2006.HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (juni 2009), Rolling stock news: End of French coaches. Series 19:4 issue 75 1 preserved in Railway Museum.|1965British Railways Mark 2c Tourist Standard Open>TSO||carriages|||8 (13)British Railways in 1977 (Series 681-688 (ex BR 5567, 5570, 5575, 5580, 5588, 5593, 5606, 5612) and retro-fitted with air conditioning equipment. 1 preserved in Railway Museum.HTTP://WWW.RAILFANEUROPE.NET/PIX/NE/ISRAEL/CAR/MK2/PIX.HTMLWORK=RAILFANEUROPE.NET, In 1989, restaurant chain Apropo bought 5 Mk1 (BR 3947, 7675, 18768, 84338) and 1 Mk2 (5250) and shipped these to Israel, never to be used.|1970|FIAT 7225||Railcar|80|128|0Yom Kippur War. All ten units were sold to Ferrocarril del Pacifico and Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico in Rail transport in Mexico>Mexico,HaRakevet: Rothschild, Rabbi Walter (12-2007), A Quarterly Journal of the Railways of the Middle EastHTTP://POSTVAGNEN.COM/FORUM/INDEX.PHP?ID=160245&PHPSESSID=52A6178E791C93BDB592BFB0574856ED>TITLE=SJK POSTVAGNEN, postvagnen.com, where they entered service in 1975.|1970/1973HaRakevet: Rothschild PhD, Rabbi Walter (December 2007), The mysterious Fiat railcars. Series 20:4 issue 79

Organizational structure

{{incomplete-section|date=January 2018}}In 2017, Israel Railways founded a Tunnels Unit that is responsible for the daily operation of railway tunnels, including lighting, air circulation, etc. and managing emergencies.WEB,weblink he:לא רק לצה"ל: הכירו את יחידת המנהרות של הרכבת, Not Only in the IDF: Meet the New Railway Tunnel Unit, Rabad, Ahia, Ynet, 15 January 2018, 18 January 2018, he,

Performance

{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="4" style="border-collapse: collapse"|+ Statistics style="background:lightblue;"!!1950!1960!1970!1980!1990!1995!1996!1997!1998!1999!2000!2001!2002!2003!2004WEB,weblink Archived copy, 10 April 2012, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120315221836weblink">weblink 15 March 2012, !2005!2006!2007!2008!2009!2010!2011!2012!2013!2014!2015!2016!2017!2018!Passengers (million)PUBLISHER=ISRAEL CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS, 3 April 2017, | 4.4| 4.1| 3.3| 2.5| 4.8| 5.1| 5.6| 6.4| 8.8| 12.7| 15.1| 17.5| 19.8| 22.9| 26.8| 28.4| 31.8| 35.1| 35.9| 35.9| 35.9| 40.4PUBLISHER=, PUBLISHER=, | 53Kevin Smith: “Cultural changes” spark turnaround at Israel Railways in: International Railway Journal, 2016-03-14, retrieved 4 April 2016.TRANS-TITLE=ISRAEL RAILWAYS: 13% INCREASE IN PASSENGER NUMBERS IN 2016AUTHOR=GUTMAN, LIORCALCALIST>ACCESSDATE=JULY 7, 2018, AUTHOR=WEISSMAN, SHAHARPAGE=22LANGUAGE=HE, July 7, 2018, AUTHOR=GOLDBERG, JEREMAYALANGUAGE=EN, September 10, 2019, !Revenue (passenger) (million NIS)WEB,weblink PDF, CBS, STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF ISRAEL 2013 ISRAEL RAILWAY SERVICES, cbs.gov.il, ||||| 53|| 86||||| 250||||||||| 644| 636| 617| 683| 761| 796| 835| 847| 753!Revenue (freight) (million NIS)||||| 180|| 212||||| 213||||||||| 112| 147| 148| 136| 146| 161| 160| 186| 177!Total Revenue (million NIS)||||| 324|| 393||||| 574||||||||| 814| 840| 813| 866| 961| 1,007| 1,042| 1,088|!Passenger-kilometers (million)||||| 170|| 267||||| 781||||||||| 2,011| 1,986| 1,927| 2,133| 2,376| 2,485| 2,608| 2,645|!Train-kilometers (passenger, million)|||||||||||| 3.812||||||||| 9.375| 8.905| 8.767| 8.348| 10.035| 11.17| 12.101| 12.92|!Train-kilometers (cargo, thousand)|||||||||||| 1,498||||||||| 1,571| 1,609| 1,508| 1,556| 1,584| 1,782| 1,817| 2,063|!Ton-kilometers (cargo, million)|||||||||||| 1,173||||||||| 799| 1,062| 1,099| 1,011| 1,058| 1,165| 1,155| 1,404|!Network length (km)WEB,weblink Railway Services (2011 Classification), Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, 1 September 2016, 3 April 2017, WEB,weblink Annual Report, 2016, Tal-Saranga, Israel, Israel Railways, 23, PDF, he, 20 December 2017, ||||| 940|| 858||||| 926||||||||| 1,001| 1,035| 1,079| 1,138| 1,153| 1,194| 1,277| 1,337| 1,384

Notable accidents

  • On 26 December 1963 two passenger trains on the formerly single-track main line linking Tel Aviv and Haifa collided head-on at Bet Yehoshua just south of Netanya.Cotterell, 1984, page 101 The northbound train had passed a red signal and its locomotive rode over and crushed the locomotive of the southbound train.Cotterell, 1984, pages 101–102 None of the coaches was derailed but a coupler broke in the northbound train detaching the rear three coaches.Cotterell, 1984, page 102 The continuous train brake should have then automatically stopped the detached coaches but it had not been connected properly so they started to roll back southwards. 55 people were injured but only three seriously enough to be detained in hospital. The two head-end crews survived but their locomotives, EMD G12s 105 and 118, were destroyed.
  • HaBonim disaster: On 11 June 1985 a train collided with a bus carrying school children, killing 19 children and 3 adults, near moshav HaBonim.WEB,weblink The Pittsburgh Press – Google News Archive Search,
  • On 21 June 2005 an IC3 train crashed into a freight truck near kibbutz Revadim, killing 8 and injuring 198.NEWS,weblink 3 October 2007, Israeli train crash, Tova Dadon, 25 June 2005, Ynetnews,
  • 8 July 2005, a train collided with a truck between Kiryat Gat and Ahuzam, resulting the death of the train driver and 38 injuries.{{citation| url =weblink | title = Israel Railways, executives charged in fatal crashes | date = 19 March 2009 | author = Tomer Zarchin |work = haaretz.com }}{{citation| url =weblink | title= Train, truck collide in south | date = 19 March 2009 | author = Tova Dadon | work = ynet.co.il }} On February 2012 a plea bargain had been setWEB,weblink הסדר טיעון: רכבת ישראל הורשעה בגרימת מוות ברשלנות בשל התאונה ברבדים, for the Revadim crash.
  • On 12 June 2006 a train crashed into a truck near Beit Yehoshua, killing 5 and injuring from 77 to over 80.NEWS,weblink 3 October 2007, Train accident in the Sharon region – 5 dead, dozens wounded, Ra'anan Ben-Tzur, Oren Rice, 12 June 2006, Ynet, Hebrew, NEWS,weblink 3 October 2007, Police: Try Israel Railways head for negligence over fatal crash, Roni Singer-Heruti, 22 March 2007, Haaretz,
  • On 27 December 2009 a train crashed into a car near Kiryat Gat. The driver proceeded without regard to the train checkpoint on the road. The train struck his car and he was killed.NEWS,weblink One killed in crash between train and car; Trains traffic disruptions in southern Israel, Sagi Bashan, 27 December 2009, Reshet, Hebrew, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120223030611weblink">weblink 23 February 2012,
  • On 5 August 2010 a train crashed into a minibus near Kiryat Gat, killing 7 and injuring 6. The minibus was hit at 19:05 GMT+3 on Route 353, apparently as it tried to pass over a level crossing.NEWS,weblink Seven die in southern Israel as train hits minibus, 4 August 2010, BBC, NEWS,weblink 7 killed in crash between train and minibus in southern Israel, Tova Dadon, 5 August 2010, Ynet, Hebrew,
  • On 28 December 2010 a fire started in a train near kibbutz Yakum, probably because of a short circuit, injuring 116.NEWS,weblink Fire started in a train from Haifa to Tel Aviv, 116 injured, Raanan Ben Zur and Aviel Magensi, 28 December 2010, Ynet, Hebrew,
  • On 7 April 2011 two trains collided frontally near Netanya, injuring 59.NEWS,weblink 59 wounded in a frontal collision between two trains near Netanya, Raanan Ben Zur and Aviel Magensi, 7 April 2011, Ynet, Hebrew,
  • On 4 October 2013, two men walking along railroad tracks in the Emek Hefer valley industrial zone were killed by a train.NEWS,weblink 2 killed by passenger train in central Israel, 10 April 2013, Ynetnews,
  • On 18 December 2013, a Beersheba-bound train collided with a group of camels walking along railroad tracks at the Segev Shalom Junction in the Negev, killing 14 camels. The incident caused massive delays in train traffic.NEWS,weblink 14 camels killed by train in Negev, 18 December 2013, Mati Siver, Ynetnews,
  • On 29 December 2013, an Israel Railways worker was run down and killed by a train near Lod.NEWS,weblink Israel Railways worker killed by passing train, 29 December 2013, Ynetnews,
  • On 15 March 2016, an Israel Railways locomotive crashed into freight wagons, injuring 6.NEWS,weblink 6 injuring by train in Negev, 15 March 2016, Channel 10 (Israel), Nana10,

See also

Bibliography

  • BOOK, Cotterell, Paul, 0-905878-04-3, 1986, The Railways of Palestine and Israel, Tourret Publishing,

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Commons category inline|Israel Railways}}
  • {{Official website|1=http://www.rail.co.il/EN}}
  • {{Official website|1=www.rail.co.il}} {{he icon}}
  • {{Official website|1=www.rail.co.il/AR/}} {{ar icon}}
{{Rail transport in Israel}}{{Transportation in Israel}}

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