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Islam in Lebanon

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Islam in Lebanon
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factoids
| religions = Islam | related = | footnotes =}}
{{bar box
PUBLISHER= CIA THE WORLD FACTBOOK, |titlebar=#ddd|left1=Muslim denomination|right1=percent|float=right|bars={{bar percent|Sunni Muslims|blue|27.4}}{{bar percent|Shia Muslims|green|26.8}}}}Islam in Lebanon is followed by nearly 60% (including the Druze) of the country's total population: Sunnis make up also 27.4%, with the Shafi'i madhhab being the predominant Sunni group with pockets of Hanafi and Hanbali. Shias make up 26.8%, with Twelvers being the predominant Shia group, followed by Alawites and Ismailis. Several large Sufi orders are active in the country, including the Naqshbandi and Qadiriyya tariqas.Although not traditionally considered as Muslims, the Druze make up 5.6% of the total population, which under the Lebanese political division (Parliament of Lebanon Seat Allocation) the Druze community is designated as one of the five Lebanese Muslim communities (Sunni, Shia, Druze, Alawi, and Ismaili).WEB,weblink Lebanon Country Study Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments, Books.google.ca, 2009-06-07, 2019-04-24, WEB,weblink Lebanon Country Study Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments - Google Books, Books.google.ca, 2009-06-07, 2019-04-24,

Demographics

{{See also|Demographics of Lebanon}}{{bar boxPUBLISHER=LIBRARY OF CONGRESSACCESSDATE=6 DECEMBER 2015, HTTP://WWW.THEODORA.COM/MAPS/NEW8/LEBANON_RELIGIONS.HTML>TITLE=CONTEMPORARY DISTRIBUTION OF LEBANON'S MAIN RELIGIOUS GROUPSDATE=1998URL=HTTP://DRO.DUR.AC.UK/96/1/59DMEP.PDFARCHIVEDATE=24 MARCH 2012PUBLISHER=UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM CENTRE FOR MIDDLE EASTERN AND ISLAMIC STUDIESACCESSDATE=6 DECEMBER 2015ISSN=1357-7522, HTTPS://2009-2017.STATE.GOV/J/DRL/RLS/IRF/2010/148830.HTM >TITLE=LEBANON: BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR - INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT 2010 DATE=17 NOVEMBER 2010 AGENCY=U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE ACCESSDATE=6 DECEMBER 2015, HTTPS://WWW.CIA.GOV/LIBRARY/PUBLICATIONS/THE-WORLD-FACTBOOK/GEOS/LE.HTML>TITLE=THE WORLD FACTBOOKDATE=, 6 December 2015, |titlebar=#ddd|left1=Year|right1=Percent|float=right|bars={{bar percent|1932 |yellow|49}}{{bar percent|1985|red|75}}{{bar percent|2010|lightgreen|58}}{{bar percent|2012|orange|59}}{{bar percent|2017|blue|60}}}}The number of Muslims in Lebanon has been disputed for many years. There has been no official census in Lebanon since 1932. According to the CIA World Factbook,WEB,weblink CIA - The World Factbook - Middle East :: Lebanon, CIA Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC, USA, August 1, 2012, August 4, 2012, the Muslim population is estimated at around 59.5%WEB, Statistics Lebanon Beirut-based research firm,weblink within the Lebanese territory and of the 8.6WEB,weblink Bassil promises to ease citizenship for expatriates, Dailystar.com.lb, 2019-04-24, –14WEB,weblinkweblink yes, 6 February 2008, Country Profile: Lebanon, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, FCO, 3 April 2007, million Lebanese diaspora is believed by some to be about 20%{{citation needed|date=March 2018}} of the total population.The last census in Lebanon in 1932 put the numbers of Muslims (Shia 20%, Sunni 22%, Druze 7%) at 49% of the population (388,400 of 791,700).WEB,weblink Contemporary distribution of Lebanon's main religious groups, Central Intelligence Agency, 2013-12-15, A study done by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1985 put the numbers of Muslims (Shia 41%, Sunni 27%, Druze 7%) at 75% of the population (1,667,000 of 2,228,000).

Current political and religious issues

{{Multiple issues|section=yes|{{Expand section|date=June 2015}}{{refimprove section|date=February 2016}}}}Under the terms of an agreement known as the National Pact between the various political and religious leaders of Lebanon, the president of the country must be a Maronite, the Prime Minister must be a Sunnite, and the Speaker of Parliament must be a Shiite.Although Lebanon is a secular country, family matters such as marriage, divorce and inheritance are still handled by the religious authorities representing a person's faith. Calls for civil marriage are unanimously rejected by the religious authorities but civil marriages conducted in another country are recognized by Lebanese civil authorities.Non-religion is not recognized by the state, the Minister of the Interior Ziad Baroud made it possible in 2009 to have the religious sect removed from the Lebanese identity card. This does not, however, deny the religious authorities complete control over civil family issues inside the country.Piero Gheddo (2009-02-13) LEBANON Religious affiliation to disappear from Lebanese documents – Asia News. Asianews.it. Retrieved on 2013-09-26.Religious Affiliation Can Be Removed From Lebanese ID Cards. Barcode Nation (2009-02-25). Retrieved on 2013-09-26.(File:Lebanon religious groups distribution.jpg|thumb|150px|upright|Distribution of Lebanon's religious groups according to 2009 municipal election data.)(File:Lebanon religious groups.jpg|thumb|150px|upright|An estimate of the area distribution of Lebanon's main religious groups.)

Branches

Lebanese Muslims are divided into many branches like Shiites, Sunnites, Druze, Alawites, and Ismailis.

Shia Islam

The Lebanese Shia Muslims are around 27%–29%WEB,weblink International Religious Freedom Report 2008 – Lebanon, September 19, 2008, 2008 Report on International Religious Freedom, US Department of State, 2009-01-08, WEB, Countries with more than 100,000 Shia Muslims, Pew Research Center, 21 September 2010,weblink yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130118183951weblink">weblink 18 January 2013, of the total population. Twelvers are the predominant Shia group, followed by Alawites and Ismailis. The Speaker of Parliament is always a Shi'a Muslim, as it is the only high post that Shi'as are eligible for.WEB,weblink Lebanon-Religious Sects, GlobalSecurity.org, 2010-08-11, WEB,weblink March for secularism; religious laws are archaic, NOW Lebanon, 2010-08-11, WEB,weblink Fadlallah Charges Every Sect in Lebanon Except his Own Wants to Dominate the Country, Naharnet, 2010-08-11, WEB,weblink Aspects of Christian-Muslim Relations in Contemporary Lebanon, Hartford Seminary, Hartford, CT, USA, George J., Hajjar, hartsem.edu, August 4, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120827094237weblink">weblink August 27, 2012, The Shiites are largely concentrated in northern and western Beqaa, Southern Lebanon, in south Beirut (southern parts of Greater Beirut), Tripoli and Akkar region.WEB,weblink Minority Rights Group International : Lebanon : Lebanon Overview, Minorityrights.org, Lebanon Ithna'ashari Shias Overview {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121203044408weblink |date=2012-12-03 }} World Directory of Minorities. June 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2013.

Sunni Islam

The Lebanese Sunni Muslims constitute also about 27%–29% of the total population. Sunni notables traditionally held power in the Lebanese state together, and they are still the only ones eligible for the post of Prime MinisterWEB,weblink Lebanon, United States Department of State, Washington, DC, USA, state.gov, August 4, 2012, Sunnis are mostly concentrated in west Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon, Central and Western Beqaa, and Akkar in the north.

Druze

The Lebanese Druze constitute 5% of the population and can be found primarily in Mount Lebanon and the Shouf District. which under the Lebanese political division (Parliament of Lebanon Seat Allocation) the Druze community is designated as one of the five Lebanese Muslim communities (Sunni, Shia, Druze, Alawi, and Ismaili).

See also

References

{{reflist}}{{Asia in topic|Islam in}}{{Lebanon topics}}{{Demographics of Lebanon}}

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