Internet Explorer 6

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Internet Explorer 6
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| latest release version = 6.0 SP3 (6.00.2900.5512)Windows NT 4.0, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows Me| included with = Windows XP and Windows Server 2003Proprietary software>Proprietary, requires Windows license| Footer = {{Msieversions}}}}Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems. It was released on August 27, 2001, shortly after the completion of Windows XP.It is the default browser shipped with Windows XP and Windows Server 2003, and was also made available for Windows NT 4.0, Windows 98, Windows 2000, and Windows Me. IE6 SP1 is the last version of Internet Explorer available for the latter four Windows versions. IE6 SP2+ and IE7 were only included (IE6 SP2+) in or available (IE7) for Windows XP SP2+.Despite dominating market share (attaining a peak of 80% in mid-2004), this version of Internet Explorer has been widely criticized for its security issues and lack of support for modern web standards, making frequent appearances in "worst tech products of all time" lists, with PC World labeling it "the least secure software on the planet."WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 15 June 2006, no, The 25 Worst Tech Products of All Time, 2005-05-26, Dan, Tynan, PC World, International Data Group, IDG, 2006-07-18, In 2004, Mozilla finalised Firefox to rival IE6, and it became highly popular and acclaimed for its security, add-ons, speed and other modern features such as tabbed browsing.NEWS,weblink New browser wins over net surfers, November 24, 2004, BBC, May 13, 2019, Microsoft planned to fix these issues in Internet Explorer 7 by June–August 2005weblink The assault on software giant Microsofweblink Security scares spark browser fix but it was delayed until an October 2006 release, over 5 years after IE6 debuted.Because a substantial percentage of the web audience still used the outdated browser (especially in China), campaigns were established in the late-2000s to encourage users to upgrade to newer versions of Internet Explorer or switch to different browsers. Some websites dropped support for IE6 entirely, most notable of which was Google dropping support in some of its services in March 2010.WEB,weblink Official: YouTube to stop IE6 support, 2009-07-14, Patrick, Goss, TechRadar, Future plc, 2009-07-26, WEB,weblink Google phasing out support for IE6, 2010-01-30, Tom, Krazit, CNET, CBS Interactive, 2010-01-30, According to Microsoft's website, {{as of|2015|08|lc=y}}, 3.1% of users in China and less than 1% in other countries are using IE6.WEB,weblink IE 6 Countdown,, Microsoft, May 13, 2019, Internet Explorer 6 is the last version to be called Microsoft Internet Explorer before being rebranded as Windows Internet Explorer from Internet Explorer 7 onward.


File:Acid3 ie6.png|thumb|200px|IE6 cannot perform an Acid3Acid3When IE6 was released, it included a number of enhancements over its predecessor, Internet Explorer 5. It and its layout engine Trident are required for many programs including Microsoft Encarta. IE6 improved support for Cascading Style Sheets, adding a number of properties that previously had not been implemented and fixing bugs such as the Internet Explorer box model bug.WEB,weblink CSS Enhancements in Internet Explorer 6, September 2006, CSS Enhancements in Internet Explorer 6, Microsoft,weblink" title="">weblink 2010-10-28, yes, 2010-02-09, In Windows XP, IE6 introduced a redesigned interface based on the operating system's default theme, Luna.In addition, IE6 added DHTML enhancements, content restricted inline frames, and partial support of DOM level 1 and SMIL 2.0.WEB,weblink SMIL Standards and Microsoft Internet Explorer 6, 7, and 8, June 28, 2007, 2007-05-27, axistive, yes,weblink" title="">weblink June 3, 2007, The MSXML engine was also updated to version 3.0. Other new features included a new version of the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK) which introduced IExpress, a utility to create self-extracting INF-based installation packages,IExpress Technology and the IExpress Wizard Media bar, Windows Messenger integration, fault collection, automatic image resizing, and P3P. Meanwhile, in 2002, the Gopher protocol was disabled.WEB,weblink Using a web browser to access gopher space, Cameron, Kaiser, Floodgap, 21 July 2009, 2007-05-11, IE6 was the most widely used web browser during its tenure, surpassing Internet Explorer 5.x. At its peak in 2002 and 2003, IE6 attained a total market share of nearly 90%, with all versions of IE combined reaching 95%. There was little change in IE's market share for several years until Mozilla Firefox was released and gradually began to gain popularity. Microsoft subsequently resumed development of Internet Explorer and released Internet Explorer 7, further reducing the number of IE6 users.In a May 7, 2003 Microsoft online chat, Brian Countryman, Internet Explorer Program Manager, declared that Internet Explorer would cease to be distributed separately from Windows (IE6 would be the last standalone version);WEB,weblink Microsoft to abandon standalone IE, Hansen, Evan, Staff Writer, May 31, 2003, CNET, CNET, 10 April 2016,weblink" title="">weblink 9 August 2012, it would, however, be continued as a part of the evolution of Windows, with updates coming only bundled in Windows upgrades. Thus, Internet Explorer and Windows itself would be kept more in sync. However, after one release in this fashion (IE6 SP2 in Windows XP SP2, in August 2004), Microsoft changed its plan and released Internet Explorer 7 for Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 SP1 in late 2006.Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 was the last version of Internet Explorer to have "Microsoft" in the title: later versions changed branding to "Windows Internet Explorer", as a reaction to the findings of anti-competitive tying of Internet Explorer and Windows raised in United States v. Microsoft and the European Union Microsoft competition case.{{citation needed |date=June 2014}}On March 4, 2011, Microsoft urged web users to stop using IE6 in favor of newer versions of Internet Explorer.WEB,weblink Internet Explorer 6 Countdown, {{Dead link|date=May 2019}} They launched a website called IE6 Countdown,{{Dead link|date=May 2019}} which would show how much percentage of the world uses IE6 and aim to get people to upgrade.

Security problems

(File:IE6 Countdown.png|thumb|Microsoft's official page discouraging IE6 use, security advisory site Secunia reported 24 unpatched vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer 6 as of February 9, 2010. These vulnerabilities, which include several "moderately critical" ratings, amount to 17% of the total 144 security risks listed on the website as of February 11, 2010.WEB,weblink Vulnerability Report: Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.x, Secunia,weblink" title="">weblink February 1, 2011, May 13, 2019, As of June 23, 2006, Secunia counted 20 unpatched security flaws for Internet Explorer 6, many more and older than for any other browser, even in each individual criticality-level, although some of these flaws only affect Internet Explorer when running on certain versions of Windows or when running in conjunction with certain other applications.On June 23, 2004, an attacker used two previously undiscovered security holes in Internet Explorer to insert spam-sending software on an unknown number of end-user computers.WEB,weblink Researchers warn of infectious Web sites, 25 June 2004, 8 September 2010, ZDnet, CBS Interactive, Robert, Lemos, This malware became known as Download.ject and caused users to infect their computers with a back door and key logger merely by viewing a web page. Infected sites included several financial sites.Probably the biggest generic security failing of Internet Explorer (and other web browsers too) is the fact that it runs with the same level of access as the logged in user, rather than adopting the principle of least user access. Consequently, any malware executing in the Internet Explorer process via a security vulnerability (e.g. Download.ject in the example above) has the same level of access as the user, something that has particular relevance when that user is an Administrator. Tools such as DropMyRightsWEB,weblink Browsing the Web and Reading E-mail Safely as an Administrator, Howard, Michael, November 5, 2004, Microsoft Developer Network,weblink" title="">weblink February 6, 2006, May 13, 2019, are able to address this issue by restricting the security token of the Internet Explorer process to that of a limited user. However this added level of security is not installed or available by default, and does not offer a simple way to elevate privileges ad hoc when required (for example to access Microsoft Update).Art Manion, a representative of the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) noted in a vulnerability report that the design of Internet Explorer 6 Service Pack 1 made it difficult to secure. He stated that:{{cquote|There are a number of significant vulnerabilities in technologies relating to the IE domain/zone security model, local file system (Local Machine Zone) trust, the Dynamic HTML (DHTML) document object model (in particular, proprietary DHTML features), the HTML Help system, MIME type determination, the graphical user interface (GUI), and ActiveX. … IE is integrated into Windows to such an extent that vulnerabilities in IE frequently provide an attacker significant access to the operating system.WEB,weblink Vulnerability Note VU#713878, June 9, 2004, United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team, US-CERT, 2006-04-07, }}Manion later clarified that most of these concerns were addressed in 2004 with the release of Windows XP Service Pack 2, and other browsers had begun to suffer the same vulnerabilities he identified in the above CERT report.WEB,weblink Perspective: A safe browser? No longer in the lexicon, Manion, Art, July 7, 2005, CNET, CBS Interactive,weblink" title="">weblink November 7, 2012, May 13, 2019, In response to a belief that Internet Explorer's frequency of exploitation is due in part to its ubiquity, since its market dominance made it the most obvious target, David Wheeler argues that this is not the full story. He notes that Apache HTTP Server had a much larger market share than Microsoft IIS, yet Apache traditionally had fewer security vulnerabilities at the time.WEB,weblink Why Open Source Software / Free Software (OSS/FS, FLOSS, or FOSS)? Look at the Numbers!, Wheeler, David, November 14, 2005, May 13, 2019, As a result of its issues, some security experts, including Bruce Schneier in 2004, recommended that users stop using Internet Explorer for normal browsing, and switch to a different browser instead.WEB,weblink Bruce, Schneier, Safe Personal Computing, December 12, 2004, 2006-04-07, Several notable technology columnists suggested the same idea, including The Wall Street Journal{{'}}s Walt MossbergWEB,weblink How to Protect Yourself From Vandals, Viruses If You Use Windows, September 16, 2004, 2006-04-07, The Wall Street Journal, Dow Jones & Company, Mossberg, Walt, and eWeek's Steven Vaughan-Nichols.WEB,weblink Internet Explorer Is Too Dangerous to Keep Using, Vaughan-Nichols, Steven, eWeek, June 28, 2004, 2006-04-07, Linux & Open Source – Opinions, On July 6, 2004, US-CERT released an exploit report in which the last of seven workarounds was to use a different browser, especially when visiting untrusted sites.WEB,weblink Vulnerability Note VU#713878, United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team, US-CERT, June 9, 2004, 2006-04-07,

Market share

{{msieshare1}}Internet Explorer 6 was the most widely used web browser during its tenure (surpassing Internet Explorer 5.x), attaining a peak percentage in usage share during 2002 and 2003 in the high 80s{{Contradict-inline}}, and together with other versions up to 95%.{{Citation needed |date=October 2010}} It only slowly declined up to 2007, when it lost about half its market share to Internet Explorer 7 and Mozilla Firefox between late 2006 to 2008.IE6 remained more popular than its successor in business use for more than a year after IE7 came out.WEB, Mick, Jason, Firefox Makes Big Gains In Business at IE's Expense, DailyTech, 2008-04-03,weblink 2008-10-05,weblink" title="">weblink 2009-08-15, yes, A 2008 DailyTech article noted, "A Survey found 55.2% of companies still use IE 6 as of December 2007", while "IE 7 only has a 23.4 percent adoption rate".Net Applications estimated IE6 market share at almost 39% for September 2008.WEB, Top Browser Share Trend – Market Share, Net Applications, September 2008,weblink 2008-10-05, The date range spans October, 2006—September, 2008. According to the same source, IE7 users migrate faster to IE8 than users of its predecessor IE6 did, leading to IE6 once again becoming the most widely used browser during the summer and fall of 2009, eight years after its introduction.WEB,weblink Top Browser Share Trend, February 9, 2010, Hitslink, 9 February 2010, As of February 2010, estimates of IE6's global market share ranged from 10-20%.WEB,weblink Global Web Stats, W3Counter, February 2010, 2010-03-20, WEB, StatCounter Global Stats, StatCounter, February 2010,weblink 2010-03-20, WEB, Browser Version Market Share, Net Applications, February 2010,weblink 2010-03-20, Nonetheless, IE6 continued to maintain a plurality or even majority presence in the browser market of certain countries, notably ChinaWEB, Top 12 Browser Versions in China, StatCounter, February 2010,weblink 20 March 2010, and South Korea.WEB, Top 12 Browser Versions in South Korea, StatCounter, February 2010,weblink 20 March 2010, WEB, Korea Paying Price for Microsoft Monoculture, The Korea Times, September 23, 2009,weblink Google Apps and YouTube dropped support for IE6 in March 2010,WEB, Modern browsers for modern applications, Google, January 2010,weblink 5 March 2011, WEB, Protalinski, Emil, YouTube to kill IE6 support on March 13, Ars Technica, Condé Nast, February 2010,weblink 5 March 2011, followed by Facebook chat in September.WEB, Rodrigo, Schmidt, Chat with No Interruptions, Facebook, August 2010,weblink 26 August 2010, On January 3, 2012, Microsoft announced that usage of IE6 in the United States had dropped below 1%.WEB, IE6 Usage Drops Below 1 Percent in U.S., PC Magazine,weblink 2012-01-04, In August 2012, IE6 was still the most popular IE web browser in China. It was also the second most used browser overall with a total market share of 22.41%, just behind the Chinese-made 360 Secure Browser at 26.96%weblink TechninasiaIn July 2013, Net Applications reported the global market share of IE6 amongst all Internet Explorer browsers to be 10.9%.WEB, Keizer, Gregg, IE10 pushes past predecessor to take second place among Microsoft's browsers, Computerworld, International Data Group, IDG, 2013-07-03,weblink 2013-07-03, As of August 2015, IE6 was being used by

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