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Incheon
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{{About|the city|the airport|Incheon International Airport|other uses}}{{distinguish|Icheon}}{{Multiple issues|{{tone|date=August 2014}}{{more citations needed|date=November 2015}}}}{{Use dmy dates|date=February 2017}}







factoids
|official_name = Incheon Metropolitan City0.1emSpecial cities of South Korea>Metropolitan City|translit_lang1= Korean name| translit_lang1_type = HangulHanjaRevised Romanization}}Incheon Gwang-yeoksi}}McCune-Reischauer}}Inch'ŏn Kwang'yŏkshi}}|image_skyline = {{Photomontage| photo1a = Incheon International Airport.jpg{{!}}Incheon International Airport| photo1b = 인천도호부청사 아문.jpg{{!}}Nam-gu| photo2b = Incheon Soccer Stadium 2.JPG{{!}}Incheon Soccer Stadium| photo2a = Incheon-port.jpg{{!}}Incheon Port| size = 270| position = center| spacing = 2| color = transparent| border = 0Incheon International Airport, Nam District, Incheon>Nam District, Incheon Football Stadium, Incheon Port}}|image_flag = Incheon Flag.png|image_blank_emblem = Seal of Incheon.svg|blank_emblem_type = Seal of Incheon|blank_emblem_size =|nickname =|motto =frame=yestype=shapestroke-color=#000000|zoom=8}}|map_caption = | pushpin_map = #South Korea#Asia#Earth| pushpin_label_position= right| pushpin_mapsize = | pushpin_map_caption = | pushpin_relief = 137N38region:KR-28|display=it}}|subdivision_type = Country|subdivision_name = {{ROK}}Regions of Korea>Region|subdivision_name1 = Seoul National Capital Area
|established_title = Founded|established_date = 18 BC as Michuhol
1995 AD as Incheon Metropolitan City|founder =|named_for =
|seat_type =|seat =#Administrative divisions>Subdivisions|parts_style = |parts = |p1 =8 districts ("gu")|government_footnotes =Mayor–council government>Mayor-Council|leader_title =MayorPark Nam-chun {{small>(Democratic)}}|leader_title1 =Body|leader_name1 =Incheon Metropolitan Council|total_type = |unit_pref = |area_footnotes =|area_magnitude = |area_total_km2 =1062.63 |area_total_sq_mi =|elevation_footnotes = |elevation_m =|elevation_ft =|elevation_min_m =|elevation_min_ft =|population_total = 2,953,883|population_as_of = January 2018TRANS-TITLE=POPULATION BY AGE, mois.go.kr, |population_density_km2 = auto |population_density_sq_mi =|population_note =|postal_code_type = |postal_code =|area_code =|website = weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20060107015749weblink">incheon.go.kr |footnotes =Bupyeong-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no富平區}})}}Gyeyang-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no桂陽區}})}}Jung-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no中區}})}}Nam-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no彌鄒忽區}})}}Namdong-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no南洞區}})}}Seo-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no西區}})}}Yeonsu-gu, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no延壽區}})}}|p9= |p10=2 counties ("gun")Ganghwa County ({{Korean>labels=no江華郡}})}}Ongjin County, Incheon ({{Korean>labels=no甕津郡}})}}|elevation_max_m =|elevation_max_ft =|timezone =Korea Standard Time|utc_offset =+9Dialects of Korean>DialectGyeonggi dialect>Gyeonggi|blank1_name =Flower|blank1_info =Rose|blank2_name =TreeLiriodendron>Tulip tree|blank3_name =BirdCrane (bird)>Crane|blank4_name =|blank4_info =|blank5_name =|blank5_info =}}Incheon ({{Korean|hangul=인천|hanja=仁川}}; {{IPA-ko|intÉ•Ê°ÊŒn}}; formerly romanized as Inchŏn; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City (인천광역시), is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east. Inhabited since the Neolithic, Incheon was home to just 4,700 people when it became an international port in 1883. Today, about 3 million people live in the city, making it South Korea's third most-populous city after Seoul and Busan. The city's growth has been assured in modern times with the development of its port due to its natural advantages as a coastal city and its proximity to the South Korean capital. It is part of the Seoul Capital Area, along with Seoul itself and Gyeonggi Province, forming the world's fifth largest metropolitan area by population.Incheon has since led the economic development of Korea by opening its port to the outside world, ushering in the modernization of Korea as a center of industrialization. In 2003, the city was designated as Korea's first free economic zone. Since then, large local companies and global enterprises have increasingly invested in the Incheon Free Economic Zone, including Samsung which chose Songdo International City as its new investment destination for its bio industry.As an international city, Incheon has held numerous large scale international conferences, such as the Incheon Global Fair & Festival in 2009. The 17th Asian Games Incheon 2014 was also held in Incheon on 19 September 2014. Incheon has established itself as a major transportation hub in northeast Asia with the Incheon International Airport and Incheon Port. The city is also home to the Green Climate Fund, an international organization addressing environmental issues.

History

The first historical record of the Incheon area dates back to 475 CE, during the reign of King Jangsu of Goguryeo, by the name of Michuhol, which is supposed to be located on today's Munhak Hill (). The area underwent several name changes with successive kingdoms and dynasties. In Goryeo era, Incheon was called Gyeongwon () or Inju (). The current name was turned to Incheon in 1413. {{citation needed|date=October 2017}} Later, Incheon County became Incheon Metropolitan Prefecture (dohobu, ). Old Incheon consisted of today's southern Incheon (i.e. Jung-gu, Dong-gu, Nam-gu, Yeonsu-gu, and Namdong-gu) and northern part of Siheung City. The city centre was Gwangyo-dong, where the prefecture office () and the local academy (hyanggyo, ) were located. The "original" two remaining buildings of the Incheon prefecture office are located in Munhak Elementary School, while the newly built (in 2001) prefecture office buildings are right across from Munhak Baseball Stadium.Another historical name of the city, Jemulpo (alternatively Romanized as Chemulpo), was not widely used until the opening of the port in 1883.Incheon Metropolitan City {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060107015749weblink |date=7 January 2006 }}WEB, Ewing, Stefan,weblink By Train from Seoul to Incheon – and Jemulpo, too, Korea Web, 25 January 2006,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070928035926weblink">weblink 28 September 2007, yes, dmy, After the opening of the Incheon port, the city centre moved from Gwangyo to Jemulpo. Today, either Jemulpo or Gwangyo-dong is considered "Original Incheon" (). It was renamed as Jinsen during Japanese rule in Korean peninsula.In 1914, the Japanese colonial government merged outer parts of old Incheon (including the former centre of Gwangyo) with Bupyeong County, forming Bucheon County. {{citation needed|date=October 2017}} Through 1936 and 1940, some part of Bucheon County was recombined into Incheon City, by which some part of "old" Bupyeong was annexed into Incheon.Incheon was originally part of Gyeonggi Province, but was granted Directly Governed (now Metropolitan) City status on July 1, 1981; the city officially separated from the province. In 1989, neighbouring islands and Gyeyang township of Gimpo CountyPrior to 1973, the township belonged to Bucheon or old Bupyeong. were ceded to Incheon and in 1995 Geomdan township of Gimpo Country and two counties of Ganghwa and Onjin were annexed to Incheon Metropolitan City.Incheon was known as Inchon prior to South Korea's adoption of a new Romanization system in 2000.

Major events

The city was the site of the Battle of Chemulpo Bay, where the first shots of the Russo-Japanese War were fired.During the Korean War, Incheon was occupied by North Korean troops on 4 September 1950. Eleven days later, Incheon was the site of the Battle of Inchon, when United States troops landed to relieve pressure on the Pusan Perimeter and to launch a United Nations offensive northward. The result was a decisive UN victory and it was recaptured on 19 September 1950.Bill Sloan, The Darkest Summer: Pusan and Inchon 1950: The Battles That Saved South Korea—and the Marines—From Extinction(2009) The {{USS|Inchon|MCS-12|6}} was named after the tide-turning battle that ensued.Incheon has also hosted a series of major international events. The Global Fair & Festival 2009 Incheon was held in the Songdo District in August 2009. It was open from 7 August to 25 October for a period of 80 days. It was a comprehensive international event with global institutions and corporations as participants.Various musicians and artists performed during the event.The city hosted a meeting of the G20 Finance Ministers in February 2010.WEB,weblink G20 Information Centre, utoronto.ca, Incheon was the site of the third Global Model United Nations Conference, held from 10th to the 14th of August 2011.It first hosted the Incheon Women Artists' Biennale in 2004 which expanded into welcoming international artists in its subsequent 2007, 2009NEWS, Garcia, Cathy Rose A., Spotlight on Women Artists at Incheon Biennale, 30 July 2009, Korea Times,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110811041901weblink">weblink 11 August 2011, no, dmy-all, and 2011.Incheon hosted the Asian Games in 2014.WEB,weblink - Olympic Council of Asia, www.ocasia.org, 2019-02-18,

Education

On 27 February 2007, Incheon declared itself an "English City," and inaugurated the "Incheon Free English Zone" program. The goal of the program is to make the city as proficient in English as Hong Kong and Singapore.WEB,weblink Arirang News, Arirang.co.kr, 20 March 2007, 13 May 2013, This is for the ultimate purpose of establishing Incheon as a commercial and business hub of northeast Asia (see Free Economic Zone below). The official slogan of the program is "Smile with English."

Higher education

Incheon is home to a number of colleges and universities: {{See also|Category:Universities and colleges in Incheon}}

Primary and secondary schools

International schools:

Climate

Incheon has a humid subtropical climate,JOURNAL, Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, F. Rubel, World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated, Meteorol. Z., 15, 259–263,weblink 10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130, December 8, 2012, 2006, 3, and humid continental climateJOURNAL, Peel, M. C., Finlayson B. L., McMahon, T. A., yes, 2007, Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 5, 1633–1644, 10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007,weblink 1027-5606, (Incheon Free Economic Zone in 2003, the city is now making an effort to foster new growth industries. Major industrial parks include Bupyeong industrial complex, which hosts GM Incheon plant(formerly a GM Daewoo Incheon plant), Juan industrial complex, and Namdong Industrial complex.In recent years, bio industry is emerging as a new growth industry of the city. Currently, with the total production capacity of 330kℓ per year, the city ranks 2nd in the world by production capacity along with San Francisco, United States. The capacity is under expansion, and after completion in 2018, the city will rank 1st with the production capacity of 510kℓ.NEWS, 송도국제도시 세계 최대 바이오의약품 생산기지로 뜬다, Songdo International City becomes the world's largest biopharmaceutical production base, ko, 12 October 2015,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20151014232338weblink">weblink 14 October 2015, no, dmy, Also, logistics industry is also experiencing a rapid growth, thanks to Incheon Airport, which was ranked fourth in the world by cargo traffic, and the expansion of Incheon Port.

Transport

Incheon is a major domestic and international transport hub for Korea.(File:Incheon International Airport departures.jpg|thumb|230px|Inside Incheon International Airport)

Air

Incheon International Airport is South Korea's primary international airport and a regional air hub. In 2015 it was the world's 22nd busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 49,412,750 passengers.WEB, Year to date Passenger Traffic: December 2015, Airports Council International (ACI),weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170129021001weblink">weblink 29 January 2017, yes, dmy, There were a total of 305,446 flights (300,634 international, 4,812 domestic) to and from Incheon International Airport in 2015, an average of 837 flights (824 international, 13 domestic) daily. 50.9% of the flights were serviced by Korea's two main carriers, Korean Air and Asiana Airlines, with low-cost and foreign carriers servicing the remaining 49.1%.WEB, Airport Statistics: 인천공항, Airport Statistics: Incheon International Airport, ko,weblink The airport is experiencing a rapid increase in passengers, and the opening of the 2nd terminal in December 2017 should spur additional traffic.Also featured in the Korean drama series, "Air City."

Sea

Incheon's sea port is the second largest port in Korea after Busan's sea port.The International Passenger Terminal located at the port offers ferries to five cities in China: Dalian, Qingdao, Tianjin, Dandong, and Weihai. There are also ferries to Incheon's outlying islands as well as Baengnyeong Island inside of the Northern Limit Line.

Buses

Incheon Bus Terminal, located at its eponymous subway stop, offers express bus transportation to all parts of Korea. Many city bus lines offer transportation within city limits as well as to the neighboring cities of Bucheon, Gimpo, Seoul, and Siheung.Many BRT lines offer transportation between Seoul and Incheon.

Train

Local service to Guro, Seoul, Cheongnyangni, Uijeongbu and Soyosan is offered by Seoul's subway Line 1. The line has 11 stations within Incheon and connects to the Incheon Subway at Bupyeong and Juan stations.Rapid service on the same line to Yongsan Station in Seoul depart from Dongincheon station and stops at major stations.The Airport Express (AREX) line runs from Incheon International Airport to Seoul Station via Gimpo International Airport. The Incheon-Gimpo section was opened in March 2007 and was extended to Seoul station in December 2010. Passengers can choose a high-speed service stopping only at Incheon airport and Seoul, which takes 43 minutes but departs only every half-hour; or the all-station service which takes 53 minutes but leaves every six minutes.KTX service was introduced on the AREX line on 30 June 2014, with stops at Incheon International Airport Station and Geoman Station. There are additional plans to use the newly built Suin Line to bring KTX service to Incheon Station by 2021.NEWS, Bae, Joon-yong, 19 April 2016, 인천역에 KTX 들어오나?, Will KTX come to Incheon station?, ko, Incheon Daily News,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160808132343weblink">weblink 8 August 2016, no, dmy,

Subway

The Incheon Subway has two subway lines serving the city. The first line connects to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system at Bupyeong Station (Seoul Subway Line 1), and AREX line at Gyeyang Station. It connects International Business District Station in Songdo to Gyeyang Station. The line has 28 stations on {{convert|29.4|km|1|abbr=off}} of track. The line also has transfer stations with the Suin Line at Woninjae Station, with the Incheon Subway Line 2 at Incheon City Hall Station, and with Seoul Subway Line 7 at Bupyeong-gu Office Station. Incheon Subway Line 2 opened in July 2016 and runs from Geomdan Oryu Station to Unyeon Station. The automated line is {{convert|29.2|km|1|abbr=off}} long, and has 27 stations, including transfer stations at Geomam Station with the AREX line, Juan Station with Seoul Subway Line 1 and Incheon Subway Line 2 at Incheon City Hall Station.The Incheon subway is operated by the Incheon Rapid Transit Corporation (IRTC).There are additional plans for a third subway line in Incheon.Korail has also constructed a new commuter rail line named Suin Line. The line opened in 2012 from Oido Station in Siheung to Songdo Station in Incheon. It was then extended in 2016, and now reaches Incheon Station where passengers can transfer to Seoul Subway Line 1. In 2017, the line will be extended from Oido Station to Suwon Station.SMRT (one of three operating companies of Seoul Metropolitan Subway) has extended Seoul Metropolitan Subway Line 7 to Bupyeong-gu office by 2011 and provided transfers to the Incheon Subway system. It has 3 stations within Incheon. By 2020, he line will further be extended westwards to Seongnam Station where it will be possible to transfer to Incheon Subway Line 2.

Free Economic Zone

The Incheon Free Economic Zone consists of the three regions of Songdo, Cheongna, and the island of Yeongjong, and has a total area of {{convert|51739|acre|ha|}}. The goal of IFEZ is to transform these three areas into hubs for logistics, international business, leisure, and tourism for the Northeast Asian region. The term 'Free Economic Zone' applies to the development in these three areas with the aim of improving the business environment for foreign-invested enterprises and the living conditions for foreigners. The zone is a specially designated area to create the most favorable business and living environment where foreign nationals can live and invest freely and conveniently. Incheon's Free Economic Zone, the first in Korea, was officially designated by the Korean government in August 2003. IFEZ is planned to be a self-contained living and business district featuring air and sea transportation, a logistics complex, an international business center, financial services, residences, schools and hospitals, and shopping and entertainment centres.

New Songdo City

Songdo International City began development in 1994 and is being built on reclaimed land. It is designated to become a center of diverse international businesses, a hub for international trade, an area for knowledge-based technologies, and a place for eco-friendly urban living. Construction is due to be completed in 2020.
  • Development size: {{convert|13162|acre|km2}}
  • Planned population: 252,000 persons
  • Construction duration: 1994~2020

Yeongjong Island

{{As of|2012}}, Yeongjong International City’s {{convert|34183|acre|ha|}} centering on the Incheon International Airport is being developed as an eco-friendly airport city scheduled to be completed by 2020.Paradise Co, a South Korean casino operator, said in October 2013 that it will build the country's largest casino on Yeongjong Island.NEWS, Kim, Peter, New casino complex to be built near Incheon airport, 22 October 2013, The Korea Observer,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161114170011weblink">weblink 14 November 2016, no, dmy,

Cheongna

The Cheongna district, on the mainland adjacent Yeongjong Island, will focus on entertainment and will feature a world class theme park. It will also be a residential area with sports facilities, a floriculture complex, and a business area specially designed for international finance.
  • Development Size: {{convert|4394|acre|ha|}}
  • Planned population: 90,000 persons
  • Duration: 2004~2008

Administrative divisions

(File:04-00-incheon-en.svg|400px|thumb|Administrative divisions)Incheon is divided into 8 districts (gu) and 2 counties (gun).
  • Bupyeong District ({{Korean |hangul=부평구 |hanja=富平區}})
  • Dong District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=동구 |hanja=東區}})
  • Gyeyang District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=계양구 |hanja=桂陽區}})
  • Jung District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=중구 |hanja=中區}})
  • Michuhol District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=미추홀구 |hanja=彌鄒忽區}})
  • Namdong District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=남동구 |hanja=南洞區}})
  • Seo District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=서구 |hanja=西區}})
  • Yeonsu District ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=연수구 |hanja=延壽區}})
  • Ganghwa County ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=강화군 |hanja=江華郡}})
  • Ongjin County ({{Korean |labels=no |hangul=옹진군 |hanja=甕津郡}})

Religion

{{Pie chart|thumb = rightPUBLISHER=, |label1 = Not religious|value1 = 50.1|color1 = Gray|label2 = Protestantism|value2 = 22.4|color2 = DodgerBlue|label3 = Buddhism|value3 = 13.8|color3 = GoldCatholic Church>Catholicism|value4 = 13.7|color4 = DarkOrchid}}According to the census of 2005, of the people of Incheon 36.1% follow Christianity (22.4% Protestantism and 13.7% Catholicism) and 13.8% follow Buddhism. 50.1% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

Sports

File:Incheon Asiad Main Stadium.jpg|thumb|Incheon Asiad Main Stadium, main stadium of 2014 Asian Games2014 Asian GamesIncheon is home to the following professional and semi professional sports teams:Association football:The K League 1 team Incheon United FC.The Incheon team was known to have a popular rivalry against former Bucheon SK (now Jeju United), due to the teams' close geographical relationship.The WK League team is named Hyundai Steel Red Angels.Baseball:The KBO League team SK Wyverns.The first Incheon-based pro-baseball team was Sammi (one of the major steel companies in the 1980s) Superstars.Basketball:The KBL team Incheon Electroland Elephants and WKBL team Incheon Shinhan Bank S-Birds are based in Incheon.Ice hockey:The Daemyung Killer Whales of the Asia League Ice Hockey play their games at Incheon's Seonhak Ice Rink.Volleyball:The V-League teams are Incheon Korean Air Jumbos and Incheon Heungkuk Life Pink Spiders.Munhak Sports Complex:The Munahk Sports Complex houses both a football stadium and a baseball stadium. The football stadium was Incheon's venue for the 2002 Football World Cup, and is also the home venue for Incheon United. The baseball stadium is the home venue for the SK Wyverns.In April 2007, Incheon was selected as the host city for the 2014 Asian Games, beating out New Delhi.NEWS, Yoo, Soh-jung, The Korea Herald, 2014 Asian Games to promote regional harmony, 6 July 2010,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140419194814weblink">weblink 19 April 2014, no, dmy-all, Yeonhui Cricket Ground:Yeonhui Cricket Ground is a newly built cricket stadium in Incheon. The 2014 Asian Games will feature cricket for both the men's and the women's event and this ground will be used for the scheduled cricket matches to be played in the games.It has been reported that the crowd capacity of this ground will be 2,353. This first cricket stadium in South Korea.Incheon Football Stadium (Sungui Arena):Incheon Football Stadium is the first football-only stadium in Incheon. It was built in 2012 with a capacity for 20,891 spectators.

Points of interest

A number of Korea's western islands, including Ganghwa Island, Yeongjong Island, and Baengnyeong Island are also administered by Incheon. Baengnyeong Island is South Korea's westernmost point.
  • Bupyeong Station is where the Seoul Subway Line 1 and Incheon subway line intersect. There is a large under ground shopping center there mostly selling trendy women's clothing and cell phones. Above ground, there are many restaurants, additional shops, and a Lotte Mart. Bupyeong Station Underground Shopping Centre, Korea's best underground shopping centre, has 1,408 stores in 31,692m (official statistics from the National Archives of Korea), was officially certified as the place with the largest number of stores in the world by American World Record Academy in November 2014.
  • Jayu (Freedom) Park is a park near the city's port. The statue of General Douglas MacArthur, as well as a memorial to the centennial anniversary of U.S. and Korea relations is located there.
  • Chinatown is Korea's only official Chinatown, located across from Incheon Station near Jayu Park.
  • Incheon Bus Terminal refers to an area surrounding the city's bus terminal. There is also a performance venue and a subway station. Within this area of Guwol-dong is Rodeo Street, a busy central square packed with restaurants and department stores.
  • Wolmido is the location of Green Beach, one of the landing sites for MacArthur's invasion force. It is now a local tourist attraction with a boardwalk, an amusement park and many raw fish restaurants. Ferries run from Wolmido to Yeongjongdo and Jakyakdo.
  • Jakyakdo is a tiny island located in the harbor close between Wolmido and Yeongjongdo. There are many walkways and picnic spots, a restaurant, and seasonal rental rooms.
  • Incheon Landing Operation Memorial Hall is a plaza and small museum dedicated to the Incheon Landing. Weapons and artifacts from the war and operation are displayed.
  • Incheon Dohobu Cheongsa is the old government complex for Incheon. Located near Munhak Stadium, it has existed since at least the reign of King Sejong, about 1424 AD.
  • Ara Canal is a waterway connecting the Han River and the Yellow Sea. Along the canal is a park and a bike path that is increasingly becoming popular with the locals.
  • Korean-chinese cultural center was built by the Jung-gu District of Incheon to facilitate mutual understanding between Korea and China.
  • Songwol-dong Fairy Tale Village was born from a renovation project to improve the envelopment of the village, and is now a main attraction amongst young people and children.
  • Peking opera wallis located in the heart of the Chinatown.
File:Korea-us100.jpg|Monument to 100 years of friendship between Korea and the US in Jayu ParkFile:Jayumacarthur.jpg|The statue of MacArthur at Jayu ParkFile:Jayuwalkway.jpg|A walkway in Jayu ParkFile:Korea-Incheon-Chinatown-01.jpg|The only official Chinatown in South KoreaFile:Peking opera wall chinatown.jpg|Peking Opera wall Chinatown, Incheon, South KoreaFile:Korean-Chinese Cultural Center.jpg|Korean-chinese cultural center Chinatown in South KoreaFile:Songwol-dong Fairy Tale Village.jpg|Songwol-dong Fairy Tale Village in Incheon in South KoreaFile:Incheon-port.jpg|Port of IncheonFile:Icheon bridge.jpg|Incheon BridgeFile:Jakyakdo.jpg|The tiny island of JakyakdoFile:Walmido promenade.jpg|Wolmido promenade

People from Incheon

International relations

{{See also|List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea}}

Twin towns – Sister cities

{{Refimprove section|date=February 2015}}Incheon is twinned with:Metropolitan City {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131230231952weblink |date=30 December 2013 }}{{div col|colwidth=22em}}
  • {{flagdeco|US}} Burbank, California, United States (1961)
  • {{flagdeco|US}} Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States (1983)
  • {{flagdeco|US}} Anchorage, Alaska, United States (1986)
  • {{flagdeco|JPN}} Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan (1988)
  • {{flagdeco|PRC}} Tianjin, China (1993)
  • {{flagdeco|IND}} Kolkata, India
  • {{flagdeco|PRC}} Dalian, China (1994)WEB, International Friendship Agreements,weblink Official website of the City of Incheon, 31 December 2014,
  • {{flagdeco|VNM}} Hai Phong, Vietnam (1997)
  • {{flagdeco|PAN}} Panama City, Panama (2000)WEB,weblink Incheon Metropolitan City - Incheon City - Sister Cities, Incheon Metropolitan City,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170225185307weblink">weblink 25 February 2017, no, dmy-all,
  • {{flagdeco|ISR}} Tel Aviv, Israel (2000)
  • {{flagdeco|EGY}} Alexandria, Egypt (2000)
  • {{flagdeco|US}} Honululu, United States (2003)
  • {{flagdeco|PRC}} Chongqing, China (2007)
  • {{flagdeco|MEX}} Mérida, Mexico (2007)
  • {{flagdeco|PHL}} Manila, Philippines (2008)
  • {{flagdeco|CAM}} Phnom Penh, Cambodia (2009)
  • {{flagdeco|RUS}} Yekaterinburg, Russia (2009)
  • {{flagdeco|IDN}} Banten Province, Indonesia (2009)
  • {{flagdeco|JPN}} Kobe, Japan (2010)WEB,weblink Kobe's Sister Cities, 2013-08-11, Kobe Trade Information Office,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130421095804weblink">weblink 2013-04-21,
  • {{flagdeco|RUS}} Vladivostok, Russia (2012)
  • {{flagdeco|PHL}} Caloocan, Philippines (2015)NEWS,weblink Sister cities, Manila Bulletin, 30 August 2016,
{{div col end}}

See also

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Sister project links|voy=Incheon}} {{Navboxes|title = Articles Related to Incheon|list ={{Incheon}}{{Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea}}{{Metropolitan cities of South Korea}}{{World's most populated urban areas}}{{Asian Games Host Cities}}{{World Book Capital}}{{Most populous cities in South Korea}}{{Largest cities of South Korea}}}}{{Authority control}}

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