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Hyder, Alaska

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Hyder, Alaska
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| coordinates_footnotes =| subdivision_type = Country| subdivision_name = United StatesU.S. state>State| subdivision_name1 = AlaskaList of boroughs and census areas in Alaska>Census area Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska>Prince of Wales-Hyder| government_footnotes =| government_type =Alaska Senate>State senatorBert Stedman (Republican Party (United States)>R)Alaska House of Representatives>State rep.Dan Ortiz (Alaska politician)>Dan Ortiz (I)|leader_title2 = Mayor|leader_name2 =| established_title =| established_date = 1907| area_footnotes =| area_magnitude =| area_total_sq_mi = 14.8| area_land_sq_mi = 14.8| area_water_sq_mi = 0.0| area_total_km2 = 38.4| area_land_km2 = 38.4| area_water_km2 = 0.0| elevation_footnotes =| elevation_ft = 118| elevation_m = 362010 United States Census>2010| population_footnotes =| population_total = 87| population_density_sq_mi = 5.9| population_density_km2 = 2.3Alaska Time Zone>Alaska (AKST)  Unofficial time: PST| utc_offset =Pacific Daylight Time>PDT| utc_offset_DST =| postal_code_type = ZIP Code| postal_code = 99923Area code 236>236, Area code 250, Area code 778>778Federal Information Processing Standard>FIPS code02|34570}}Geographic Names Information System>GNIS feature ID1422711}}| website =| footnotes =}}Hyder is a census-designated place (CDP) in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 87 at the 2010 census, down from 97 in 2000. Hyder is accessible by road from British Columbia, and is popular with motorists wishing to visit Alaska without driving the length of the Alaska Highway. It is the southernmost community in the state that can be reached via car (others can only be reached by boat or plane). Hyder is Alaska's easternmost town. There are no American border controls at the Hyder - Stewart Border Crossing.NEWS,weblink Folks living in this tiny outpost on the Alaskan border may use Canadian dollars, but they're still ‘100% American’, 2013-09-11, National Post, 2017-08-12, en-US,

Geography

Hyder is located at {{coord|55|56|29|N|130|3|16|W|type:city}} (55.941442, -130.054504),WEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, April 23, 2011, February 12, 2011, US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, at the head of the Portland Canal, a {{convert|130|mi|adj=on}} long fjord which forms a portion of the border between the U.S. and Canada at the southeastern edge of the Alaska Panhandle. It sits about {{convert|2|mi|km}} from Stewart, British Columbia by road, and {{convert|75|mi}} from Ketchikan by air.According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of {{convert|14.8|sqmi|km2}}, all land.

Demographics

{{US Census population|1920= 237|1930= 254|1940= 72|1950= 30|1960= 32|1970= 49|1980= 77|1990= 99|2000= 97|2010= 87|align-fn=centerPUBLISHER=CENSUS.GOV, June 6, 2013, }}Hyder first appeared on the 1920 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.As of the censusWEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, January 31, 2008, American FactFinder, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130911234518weblink">weblink September 11, 2013, mdy-all, of 2000, there were 97 people, 47 households, and 25 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6.5 people per square mile (2.5/km²). There were 72 housing units at an average density of 4.9 per square mile (1.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 93 White, and 4 from two or more races. There was 1 Hispanic or Latino of any race.There were 47 households out of which 9 had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24 were married couples living together, 1 had a female householder with no husband present, and 21 were non-families. 19 of all households were made up of individuals and 3 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.81.In the CDP, the population was spread out with 18 under 18, 11 from 18 to 24, 16 from 25 to 44, 45 from 45 to 64, and 7 who were 65 or older. The median age was 46 years. There were 44 females and 53 males, of them 34 females were age 18 and over, as were 45 males.The median income for a household in the CDP was $11,719, and the median income for a family was $30,500. Males had a median income of $56,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,491. There were 44.4% of families and 54.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including 81.0% under 18, and 50.0% over 64.

Transportation

(File:2015-08-07 Salmon Glacier, BC, Canada 1016.jpg|thumb|Salmon Glacier in British Columbia, a popular tourist destination can only be reached via Hyder.)Stewart, British Columbia immediately borders Hyder and is accessible by road via International Street. Outside of the town site, NFD-88 heads in a northerly direction winding through the Tongass National Forest, and enters the outer extent of Stewart's municipal limits continuing as Granduc Road. There are few local roads, and no roads connect Hyder to any other Alaskan communities. The AMHS ferry that once connected Hyder to Ketchikan stopped running in the 1990s, leaving the Taquan Air floatplane that arrives twice a week with U.S. Mail at Hyder Seaplane Base as the only direct public transportation between Hyder and the rest of Alaska.BOOK
, Paul Whitfield
, Rough guide to Alaska
,weblink
, April 26, 2004
, Rough Guides
, 978-1-84353-258-3
, 97
, ...it shares a Canadian phone code (250), time zone, Canadian currency (though greenbacks are also accepted), and Canadian national holidays.
, January 16, 2012
, WEB,weblink Taquan Air's Inside Passage Flight Schedule: Summer 2011, Taquan Air, February 24, 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110716192440weblink">weblink July 16, 2011, mdy-all,

Local services

File:2015-08-07 Fish Creek, Hyder, Alaska 1061.jpg|thumb|right|Fish Creek is a popular bear watching destination, especially during the salmon runsalmon runThere are few local services in town:
  • US Postal Service
  • US Forest Service Info Kiosk
  • Camp Run-A-Muck
  • Hyder Community Association, home to museum, information center and library
  • Sealaska Inn, open in summer
  • Boundary Gift store

Public utilities

Hyder's public utilities are imported from Canada. Electricity is maintained by a subsidiary of BC Hydro, the Tongass Power and Light Company as part of a long-term contractBC Hydro and Power Authority, 2015/16 – 2017/18Service Planweblink with the town. While most of Alaska is in area code 907, Hyder shares the Stewart 749 exchange in area code 236, 636 in area code 250, and 794 in area code 778.Rate centre information for ILEC 8086 TELUSweblink {{cns|date=January 2017|Telus operates the network allowing local calls from Hyder to be placed to Stewart, while the Alaska Telephone Company handles billing and customer service.}}

Public safety

Alaska State Troopers occasionally patrol the town, but are not located in town. There is a small volunteer EMS team in Hyder,EMS team member in hyder{{better source|date=March 2019|comment=see }} but there are no fire services in town. {{cns|date=March 2019|40 years ago,}} during an Independence Day fireworks display, the organizers accidentally burned down their fire hall with the fire engine inside.NEWS, Andrew Kleinfeld and Judith Kleinfeld,weblink Go Ahead, Call Us Cowboys, The Wall Street Journal, July 19, 2004, June 16, 2016, When required, they are provided from across the border by nearby Stewart:
  • British Columbia Ambulance Service â€“ limited local service or from remote stations outside of Stewart
  • District of Stewart Fire & Emergency Services Department â€“ volunteer fire services
A Canada Border Services Agency customs post {{cns|date=March 2019|is located 100 yards from the town and}} provides the only connecting road out of Hyder.

History

File:2015-08-07 Fish Creek, Hyder, Alaska 0858.jpg|thumb|Grizzly bear at Fish Creek ]]The Nisga'a, who lived around the Nass River, called the head of Portland Canal "Skam-A-Kounst," meaning safe place, probably because it served them as a retreat from the harassment of the Haidas on the coast. They traveled in the area seasonally to pick berries.The area around the Portland Canal was explored in 1896 by Captain D.D. Gaillard of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.WEB,weblink Hyder, State of Alaska - Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, February 6, 2016, In 1898, gold and silver lodes were discovered in the region, mainly on the Canadian side, in the upper Salmon River basin. The Stewart brothers, for whom the British Columbia town was named, arrived in 1902.Hyder was established in 1907 as "Portland City", after the canal. In 1914, when the US Post Office Department told residents that there were many U.S. communities named Portland, it was renamed Hyder, after Frederick Hyder, a Canadian mining engineer who envisioned a bright future for the area. Hyder was the only practical point of access to the silver mines in Canada; the community became the port, supply point, and post office for miners by 1917. Hyder's boom years were the 1920s, when the Riverside Mine on the U.S. side extracted gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, and tungsten. The mine operated from 1924 to 1950.In 1928, the Hyder business district was consumed by fire. By 1956 all significant mining had ceased, except for the Granduc Mine on the Canadian side, which operated until 1984 and 2010 to present.WEB, Ellsworth Dickson,weblink Castle Resources plans to re-open Granduc Copper Mine, Resource World Magazine, August 2012, February 23, 2016, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160302073845weblink">weblink March 2, 2016, mdy-all, Westmin Resources Ltd operated a gold and silver mine on the Canadian side in Premier, British Columbia but is not currently active.WEB, BC Geological Survey (BCGS),weblink MINFILE Mineral Inventory No 104B 054, British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines and Responsible for Core Review, February 23, 2016,

Culture

Hyder is accessible by highway from Stewart, which connects with the British Columbia highway system. In the mid-2010s, Hyder residents said that more than 100,000 tourists came to Hyder annually.NEWS, Levin, Dan, An Alaskan Village Where Grizzlies Roam and Canada Rules (if Anyone Does),weblink July 5, 2016, The New York Times, July 2, 2016, It is the location of the annual Hyder Seek gathering of long-distance motorcyclists who travel from all over North America each Memorial Day weekend. It became popular with long distance motorcycle riders in 1998 when author Ron Ayres set a record of riding to the contiguous 48 states in six days. Ayres went on to add to the 48-state record by continuing on to Hyder to establish a new 49-state record of 7 days, 0 hours and 20 minutes. Ayres named the new long distance ride the "48 Plus" and it has become popular with members of the long-distance motorcycle riding Iron Butt Association. Hyder was the starting point of the 2014 coast-to-coast Scooter Cannonball Run, which ended in New Orleans, Louisiana.WEB,weblink Scooter Cannonball Run, scootercannonball.com, 2017-12-15, Because of its accessible proximity to Stewart, and its isolation from other communities in Alaska, Hyder has many commonalities with its Canadian neighbor, with both American and Canadian holidays observed, and a shared international Chamber of Commerce. It is the only place in Alaska not to use the 907 area code, instead using British Columbia's 250. Although Hyder is officially in the Alaska Time Zone, residents set their clocks to British Columbia's Pacific Time. Both American and Canadian currency are accepted, except by the U.S. Post Office, which accepts only American dollars.A local tradition is known as being "Hyderized", with two of the town's bars issuing certifications to patrons who consume a shot of 151 proof (75.5% alcohol) Everclear.NEWS,weblink Hyderized And Confused, August 20, 2012, Forbes, NEWS,weblink Travelogue â€“ EW.com, Steffens, Daneet, June 21, 2002, Entertainment Weekly,

Education

Southeast Island School District operates the Hyder School."Hyder School." Alaska Department of Education. Retrieved on June 2, 2019."Hyder School." Southeast Island School District. Retrieved on June 2, 2019.Children who live in Hyder have attended the Bear Valley School in Stewart, but Hyder has school when the community meets the Alaska minimum of 10 children for the state to provide a teacher.

See also

References

{{reflist |35em| refs =BOOK
, Geological Survey Professional Paper
,weblink
, 1967
, U.S. Government Printing Office
, 440
, ...was established in 1907 and named "Portland City" because of its location. When the post office was established in 1915, the U.S. Post Office Dept. rejected this name.
, May 25, 2013
, WEB
, Hyder, Alaska current local time and time zone
,weblink
, Hyder, Alaska is in the Alaska Time Zone
, February 5, 2012
, WEB
, Stewart, British Columbia current local time and time zone
,weblink
, Stewart, British Columbia is in the Pacific Time Zone
, February 5, 2012
, WEB
,weblink
, Alaska Division of Community and Regional Affairs. Alaska Community Database Community Information Summaries (CIS). Hyder.
, State of Alaska
, During the Prohibition era, a small community called 'Hyder, BC' was created just across the Canadian border to serve as a legal speakeasy to the Hyder mining community, even housing its own Canadian Customs office.
, January 21, 2012
, dead
,weblink" title="archive.is/20121224071653weblink">weblink
, December 24, 2012
, mdy-all
, WEB
,weblink
, Stewart BC & Hyder AK International Chamber of Commerce
, April 1, 2012
, {{citation
| journal = American Motorcyclist
| title = Canadian Detours: the Long Road to Alaska
| url =weblink
| author = John E. Van Barriger
| volume = 48
| number = 6
| date = June 1994
| issn = 0277-9358
}}JOURNAL
, Roadrunner (magazine), Roadrunner
, Edmonton to Alaska
, Tim Yip
, March–April 2008
,weblink
, Joining a band of motorcyclists on an annual run to Hyder, Alaska, we rode north from Edmonton to celebrate Ron Ayres's 1998 feat of smashing the Iron Butt record (riding to 48 states within 10 days) in what is now called the 48 Plus! Iron Butt Ride.
, WEB
, About Hyder Seek
, Hyder Seek 2012 site
, Paul Lawson
,weblink
, {{citation
|title=Proving your worth, earning your chops
|author=Lynn Anderson
|date=March 2011
|publisher=Johnson County Kansas Department of Human Services
|work=The Best Times
|url=http://www.thebesttimes.org/people/cover_stories/0311_iron_butt_association.shtml
|url-status=dead
|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131120072010weblink
|archivedate=November 20, 2013
|df=mdy
}}WEB
,weblink
, Iron Butt Association
, 48 Plus! Rules
, May 27, 2009
, March 27, 2013
, dead
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130918145156weblink">weblink
, September 18, 2013
, mdy
,
WEB
, Ron Ayres
, HYDER SEEK [2011]
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080515100650weblink">weblink
, dead
, 2008-05-15
,
}}

External links

{{wikivoyage|Hyder}}{{commons category}}

| url =weblink
| title = satellite view of Hyder, Alaska and Stewart, BC
| accessdate = February 5, 2012
}} (requires Javascript){{Prince of Wales – Hyder Census Area, Alaska}}{{Use mdy dates|date=September 2016}}

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