SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

House of Shishman

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
House of Shishman
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{Royal house|| surname = House of Shishman Шишмановци
120px)Komnenos}}Asen dynasty>House of AssenTsardom of Vidin}}Despotate of Dobruja>Principality of KarvunaTsardom of TarnovoPrincipality of ValonaTsardom of VidinPrincipality of SerresKnyaz, Tsar, Despot (court title)>Despot| founder = Prince Shishman of VidinPrince Rostislav Stratimirovic>Rostislav of Tarnovo| current head = Extinct| founding year = 1280| dissolution = 1686Bulgarians>Bulgarian, partially Cuman| cadet branches = Shishmanoğlu family}}(File:Shishman branch of the Asen dynasty.jpg|right|thumb|Family tree for the Shishman dynasty)Shishman (), also Shishmanids or Shishmanovtsi (), was a medieval Bulgarian royal dynasty of CumanBOOK,weblink Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365, Vásáry, István, Cambridge University Press, 0-521-83756-1, (or partial Cuman)BOOK, Бунтари и авантюристи в средновековна България, Пламен, Павлов, Bulgarian, Метежници и претенденти за търновската царска корона през XIV в.,weblinkweblink LiterNet, Варна, 2005, origin.The Shishman dynasty consecutively ruled the Second Bulgarian Empire for approximately one century, from 1323 to 1422, when it was conquered by the Ottomans. The Shishmanids were related to the earlier Asen dynasty, and according to the Ragusan historian Lukarić, also to the immediately preceding Terter dynasty. In Plamen Pavlov's view, the Shishman dynasty's founder, despot Shishman of Vidin, may have been the brother of George I, the first Bulgarian Terterid ruler, thus also coming to Bulgaria from the Kingdom of Hungary after 1241.

Members

Among its more notable members were:Main branch:

*Michael Shishman of Bulgaria (Michael Asen III) (b. after 1280, ruled 1323–1330)
*Ivan Stephen of Bulgaria (ruled 1330–1331)
*despot Belaur of Vidin (d. 1336)
Sratsimir branch:
*Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria (nephew of Michael Shishman) (ruled 1331–1371)
*co-emperor Michael Asen IV of Bulgaria (b. c. 1322, co-emperor 1332–1355) *Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria (b. 1324/1325, ruled 1356–1397 in Vidin)
*Queen Dorothea of Bosnia *Constantine II of Bulgaria (b. early 1370s, ruled 1397–1422 in Vidin and in exile)
*Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria (b. 1350/1351, ruled 1371–1395 in Tarnovo)
*Patriarch Joseph II of Constantinople? (possible illegitimate son)WEB,weblink Щрихи към портрета на Вселенския патриарх Йосиф ІІ, Nobility BG, Bulgarian, Павлов, Пламен, 2008-08-25, 2007-06-15, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080727022122weblink">weblink 2008-07-27, (Patriarch of Constantinople 1416–1439) *Fruzhin (d. c. 1460)

List of monarchs

Principality/Tsardom of Vidin

{| width=90% class="wikitable"! width=8% | Portrait! width=20% | Name! width=7% | From! width=7% | Until! width=20% | Short description
(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngShishman of Vidin>1280align="center"|The founder of the dynasty.
(File:Michael 3 john harris valda.jpgMichael Shishman of Bulgaria>1308align="center"Shishman of Vidin>Shishman, elected to List of Bulgarian monarchs and uses the name Michael Shishman of Bulgaria>Michael III.
(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngBelauralign="center"1337Brother of prince Michael I.
(File:Despot Michael of Stanichene.jpgMichael of Vidin>1337align="center"Michael Shishman of Bulgaria>Michael I.
(File:Sratsimir of Bulgaria.jpgIvan Sratsimir of Bulgaria>1356align="center"|Third son of Ivan Alexander. Ruled in Vidin. Captured by the Ottomans in 1396 and imprisoned in Bursa where he was strangled.Andreev, p. 298
(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngConstantine II of Bulgaria>1397align="center"|Spent most of his life in exile. Most historians do not include him in the list of the Bulgarian monarchs.

Principality of Karvuna

{| width=90% class="wikitable"! width=8% | Portrait! width=20% | Name! width=7% | From! width=7% | Until! width=20% | Short description(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngSratsimir (despote)>1300align="center"|Father of tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria.(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngKeratsa Petritsa>1330align="center"Sratsimir (despote)>Sratsimir and mother of tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria.

Tsardom of Tarnovo

{| width=90% class="wikitable"! width=8% | Portrait! width=20% | Name! width=7% | From! width=7% | Until! width=20% | Short description(File:Michael 3 john harris valda.jpgMichael Shishman of Bulgaria>1323align="center"|Bolyar of Vidin. Mortally wounded in the battle of Velbazhd on 28 July 1330 against the Serbs.Andreev, p. 263(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngIvan Stephen of Bulgaria>1330align="center"|Son of Michael III Shishman. Deposed in March 1331 and fled to Serbia.Andreev, p. 267 Might have died in 1373.(File:Ioal backovo.jpgIvan Alexander of Bulgaria>1331align="center"|Bolyar of Lovech. Descended of the Asen, Terter and Shishman dynasties. Second Golden Age of Bulgarian culture. Died of natural death on 17 February 1371, leaving Bulgaria divided among his sons.(File:Ivan shishman preobravenski manastir.jpgIvan Shishman of Bulgaria>1371align="center"|Fourth son of Ivan Alexander. Beheaded by the Ottomans on 3 June 1395.Andreev, p. 286

Principality of Valona

{| width=90% class="wikitable"! width=8% | Portrait! width=20% | Name! width=7% | From! width=7% | Until! width=20% | Short description(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngJohn Komnenos Asen>1346align="center"|Brother of tsar Ivan Alexander.(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngAlexander Komnenos Asen>1363align="center"John Komnenos Asen>Komnenos.(File:Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).pngKomnena, Lady of Valona>1368align="center"John Komnenos Asen>Komnenos. Married with Balša II Balšić (1372–1385), Lord of Kanina and Valona, and eventually Duke of Albania.

Principality of Serres

{| width=90% class="wikitable"! width=8% | Portrait! width=20% | Name! width=7% | From! width=7% | Until! width=20% | Short description(File:HelenaofBulgaria.jpgHelena of Bulgaria>1355align="center"|Daughter of Sratsimir of Kran and Keratsa Petritsa and the sister of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria.{{chart top|width=100%|Family tree of the Shishman Dynasty{{cref|b}} }}{{chart/start|align=center}}{{Chart| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Shishman|Shishman=Shishman married to Unknown}}{{Chart| | | | | | | | | |,|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| }}{{Chart| | | | | | | | |Mhai3| | | | | | | | | |Blaur| |Kerat|Mhai3=Michael Shishman (r. 1323–1330) married to 1. Anna Neda 2. Theodora Palaiologina|Blaur=Belaur|Kerat=Keratsa Petritsa, married to despot Sratsimir}}{{Chart| |,|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | | | | | |!| }}{{Chart|IoanS| |Shish| |Mhai4| |Ludov| |Unkn2| | | | | | |!|IoanS=1. Ivan Stephen (r. 1330–1331)|Shish=1. Shishman|Mhai4=1. Michael, married to unknown|Ludov=1. Ludovik|Unkn2=2. Unknown}}{{Chart| |,|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|'| }}{{Chart|IoanA| |IoanK| |Mhail| |Elena| |Teodo|IoanA=Ivan Alexander (r. 1331–1371) married to 1. Theodora Besarab 2. Sarah-Theodora|IoanK=John Komnenos Asen married to 1. Unknown 2. Anna Palaiologina|Mhail=Michael married to unknown|Elena=Helena married to Stefan Dushan (r. 1331–1355)|Teodo=Theodora}}{{Chart| |!| | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | |!| }}{{Chart| |!| | | | | | | | | | |AlexK| |Shish|AlexK=Alexander Komnenus Asen, Xenia Ivanina Komnena|Shish=Shishman}}{{Chart| |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| }}{{Chart|Mhai4| |IoanS| |IoanA| |KeraT| |KeraM| |Ioan2| |IoanA1| |Desis| |Vasil|Mhai4=1. Michael IV Asen married to Irina Palaiologina|IoanS=1. Ivan Sratsimir (r. 1356–1396) married to Anna|IoanA=1. Ivan Asen IV|KeraT=1. Kera Tamara married to Constantine Murad I (r. 1362–1389)|KeraM=2. Keratsa-Maria married to Andronikos IV Palaiologos (r. 1376–1379)|Ioan2=2. Ivan Shishman (r. 1371–1395) married to 1. Kira Maria 2. Dragana|IoanA1=2. Ivan Asen V|Desis=2. Desislava|Vasil=2. Vasilisa}}{{Chart| |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | |,|-|-|-|(| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| }}{{Chart|Konst| |Dorot| |Unkn1| |Ioann| |Unkn2| |Alxnd| |Fruzh| |Kerat| |Unkn4|Konst=Constantine II (r. 1397–1422)|Dorot=Dorothea married to Tvrtko I (r. 1353-1391)|Unkn1=Unknown daughter|Ioann=John VII Palaiologos (r. 1390)|Unkn2=2 unknown daughters|Alxnd=Alexander|Fruzh=Fruzhin married to unknown|Kerat=Keratsa|Unkn4=4 unknown; Patriarch Joseph II possible illegitimate son}}{{Chart| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| }}{{Chart| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Shish| |Unkn2|Shish=Shishman|Unkn2=2 unknown}}{{chart/end}}{{chart bottom}}

Notes

{{Commons category|Shishman dynasty}}{{Cnote|a|Only Ivan Alexander and Ivan Shishman claimed the title Emperor of all Bulgarians and Greeks.}}{{Cnote|a|The numbers designate which wife each child was born to.}}

Citations

{{Reflist|2}}

Sources

  • {{citation| title=Dinastiyata na Sracimirovci | first = Petar | last=Nikolov-Zikov | publisher=New Bulgarian University | year= 2012 | isbn = 978-954-535-702-2}}

References

  • BOOK


, bg:Българските ханове и царе, The Bulgarian Khans and Tsars
, Андреев (Andreev)
, Йордан (Jordan)
, Милчо Лалков (Milcho Lalkov)
, 1996
, bg
, Абагар (Abagar)
, Велико Търново (Veliko Tarnovo)
, 954-427-216-X
,
  • BOOK


, Bulgarian Antiquities from Macednia
, Ivanov
, Yordan
,
, 1970
, Bulgarian
, BAN
, Sofia
,
,

External links

  • WEB,weblink Detailed List of Bulgarian Rulers, Mladjov, Ian, 14 April 2011,
{{Royal houses of Europe}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "House of Shishman" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 6:35pm EDT - Sun, Oct 13 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT