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Hong Kong International Airport
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{{Redirect-acronym|HKIA| Hong Kong Institute of Architects}}{{Redirect|Hong Kong Airport|the old airport at Kai Tak|Kai Tak Airport|the only other existing airport in the territory|Shek Kong Airfield}}{{short description|Main airport in Hong Kong}}{{Use Hong Kong English|date=September 2018}}{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2014}}







factoids
| image = HongKongAirportlogo.svg| image-width = 200| image2 = A bird's eye view of Hong Kong International Airport.JPG| image2-width = 250| IATA = HKG| ICAO = VHHH| type = Public| owner = Airport Authority Hong Kong (HKSAR Government)| operator = Airport Authority Hong Kong| city-served = Hong Kong and Pearl River Delta| location = Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong| opened = 6 July 1998| hub = Passenger Cargo | focus_city = | elevation-m = 9| elevation-f = 28223211352region:HK|display=it}}www.hongkongairport.com}}| pushpin_map = Hong Kong#China#Asia| pushpin_label = HKG| pushpin_map_caption = Location in Hong Kong| metric-elev = | metric-rwy = | r1-number = 07R/25L| r1-length-f = 12,467| r1-length-m = 3,800| r1-surface = Asphalt concrete| r2-number = 07L/25R| r2-length-f = 12,467| r2-length-m = 3,800| r2-surface = Asphalt concrete| stat-year = 2018| stat1-header = Passengers| stat1-data = 74,700,000| stat2-header = Movements| stat2-data = 427,725| stat3-header = Cargo (metric tonnes)| stat3-data = 5,100,000DATE= DECEMBER 2018, 11 June 2018, }}







factoids
)zi4 Gi1cong2|y=Hēunggóng Gwokjai Gēichèuhng|p=Xiānggǎng Guójì Jīchǎng|myr=Syānggǎng Gwójì Jīchǎng|altname=Chek Lap Kok AirportHong Kong International Airport {{Airport codes|HKG|VHHH}} is the commercial airport serving Hong Kong, built on reclaimed land on the island of Chek Lap Kok. The airport is also known as Chek Lap Kok Airport () to distinguish it from its predecessor, the former Kai Tak Airport.Having been in commercial operation since 1998, Chek Lap Kok Airport is an important regional trans-shipment centre, passenger hub and gateway for destinations in Mainland China (with 45 destinations) and the rest of Asia. The airport is the world's busiest cargo gateway and one of the world's busiest passenger airports.WEB,weblink About Hong Kong Airport, 13 March 2016, It is also home to one of the world's largest passenger terminal buildings (the largest when opened in 1998).The airport is operated by the Airport Authority Hong Kong 24 hours a day and is the primary hub for Cathay Pacific (the de facto flag carrier of Hong Kong), Cathay Dragon, Hong Kong Airlines, HK Express and Air Hong Kong (cargo carrier). The airport is one of the hubs of Oneworld alliance, and also one of the Asia-Pacific cargo hubs for UPS Airlines. It is a focus city for many airlines, including China Airlines and China Eastern Airlines. Singapore Airlines, Ethiopian Airlines and Air India utilise Hong Kong as a stopover point for their flights.HKIA is an important contributor to Hong Kong's economy, with approximately 65,000 employees. More than 100 airlines operate flights from the airport to over 180 cities across the globe. In 2015, HKIA handled 68.5 million passengers, making it the 8th busiest airport worldwide by passenger traffic.WEB,weblink Year to date Passenger Traffic, ACI, 2016-03-13, 2016-03-13, Since 2010, it has also surpassed Memphis International Airport to become the world's busiest airport by cargo traffic.WEB,weblink Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airport Become Biggest for Freight, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, 26 January 2011, 7 May 2011, Neil, Denslow,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110417033044weblink">weblink 17 April 2011, The airport is managed and operated by the Airport Authority Hong Kong (AA), which was established on 1 December 1995.NEWS,weblink ko:홍콩국제공항, 2018-03-28, ko,

History

File:Hkia from lantau.JPG|thumb|View of the airport from the Ngong Ping 360Ngong Ping 360(File:Lantau Island reclamation.png|thumb|Map showing the reclaimed land of Lantau Island, Lam Chau and Chek Lap Kok.|247x247px)(File:A View of Hong Kong Airport.JPG|thumb|A front view of Hong Kong Airport)(File:HKIA at night.jpg|thumb|The exterior of Hong Kong International Airport at night){{See also|Aviation history of Hong Kong}}Chek Lap Kok Airport was designed as a replacement for the former Hong Kong International Airport (commonly known as Kai Tak Airport) built in 1925. Located in the densely built-up Kowloon City District with a single runway extending into Kowloon Bay, Kai Tak had only limited room for expansion to cope with steadily increasing air traffic. By the 1990s, Kai Tak had become one of the world's busiest airports – it far exceeded its annual passenger and cargo design capacities, and one out of every three flights experienced delays, largely due to lack of space for aircraft, gates, and a second runway.BOOK, Genzberger, Christine, Hong Kong Business: The Portable Encyclopedia for Doing Business with Hong Kong, World Trade Press, 1994, 239,weblink 978-0-9631864-7-8, In addition, noise mitigation measures restricted nighttime flights, as severe noise pollution (exceeding 105 dB(A) in Kowloon City) adversely affected an estimated total of at least 340,000 people.JOURNAL, Hong Kong Advisory Council on the Environment, Proposal to Optimise Kai Tak Capacity, July 1995,weblink 13 June 2006, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110611111741weblink">weblink 11 June 2011, dmy-all, BOOK, Dempsey, Paul, Airport Planning and Development Handbook: A Global Survey, McGraw-Hill Professional, 1999, 106,weblink 978-0-07-134316-9, A 1974 planning study by the Civil Aviation and Public Works departments identified the small island of Chek Lap Kok, off Lantau Island, as a possible airport replacement site. Away from the congested city centre, flight paths would be routed over the South China Sea rather than populous urban areas, enabling efficient round-the-clock operation of multiple runways. The Chek Lap Kok (CLK) airport master plan and civil engineering studies were completed towards the end of 1982 and 1983 respectively. In February 1983, however, the government shelved the project for financial and economic reasons. In 1988, the Port & Airport Development Strategy (PADS) Study was undertaken by consultants, headed by Mott MacDonald Hong Kong Limited, reporting in December 1989. This study looked at forecasts for both airport and port traffic to the year 2011 and came up with three recommended strategies for overall strategic development in Hong Kong. One of the three assumed maintaining the existing airport at Kai Tak; a second assumed a possible airport in the Western Harbour between Lantau Island and Hong Kong Island, and the third assumed a new airport at Chek Lap Kok. The consultants produced detailed analyses for each scenario, enabling Government to consider these appraisals for each of the three "Recommended Strategies". In October 1989 the Governor of Hong Kong announced to the Legislative Council that a decision had been made on the long-term port and airport development strategy for the territory. The strategy to be adopted was that which included a replacement airport at Chek Lap Kok and incorporating new container terminals 8 and 9 at Stonecutters Island and east of the island of Tsing Yi respectively.Port & Airport Development Strategy Study, Final Report, December 1989 by Study Consultants Mott MacDonald Hong Kong et al. for Lands and Works Branch of Hong Kong Government SecretariatIn the PADS study, the consultants advised that the earliest the airport could be opened was January 1998.WEB,weblink PADS Government Secretariat Lands & Works Branch Port & Airport Development Strategy Final Report, Dec 1989,weblink 23 May 2019, 23 May 2019, However, in reaching the government's decision, this date was modified to January 1997, six months prior to the handover of the territory to China. Construction of the new airport began in 1991.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20190523020149weblink">weblink 2019-05-23, 19 years of Hong Kong International Airport - Discovery, 2019-05-23, web.archive.org, 2019-05-23, As construction progressed, an agreement was reached with China that as much as possible of the airport would be completed before the handover to China in July 1997. In the event, British Prime Minister John Major opened the Tsing Ma Bridge, the main access to Lantau Island and the airport and its supporting community in May 1997, prior to the transfer of sovereignty to China. The airport itself was opened in July 1998.The construction period was very rushed; specialists considered that only a 10–20-year period was sufficient for this massive project. {{Citation needed|date=May 2017}} Another cause for this rush was due to the uncertain future of the airport construction after the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China. Shortly after the then-British colonial government of Hong Kong announced plans to construct the new airport, the Chinese government in Beijing began voicing objections to various aspects of the massive project, which prompted financial institutions to delay extending project finance. Without access to this financing, many of the companies who had secured contracts to build various portions of the project halted construction, resulting in delays that pushed the actual opening of the airport, originally planned to take place before the transition in sovereignty until one year after. As agreements were reached with the government in China, Beijing removed most of its objections and work then continued, albeit behind schedule.{{citation needed|date=May 2017}}Hong Kong International Airport was built on a large artificial island formed by flattening and levelling Chek Lap Kok and Lam Chau islands ({{convert|3.02|km2|sqmi}} and {{convert|0.08|km2|sqmi}} respectively) and reclaiming {{convert|9.38|km2|sqmi}} of the adjacent seabed. The {{convert|12.48|km2|acre|adj = on}} airport site added nearly 1% to Hong Kong's total surface area, connecting to the north side of Lantau Island near Tung Chung new town.BOOK, Plant, G.W., Covil, C.S, Hughes, R.A., Airport Authority Hong Kong, Site Preparation for the New Hong Kong International Airport, Thomas Telford, 1998, 1, 3–4, 43, 556,weblink 978-0-7277-2696-4, Construction of the new airport was only part of the Airport Core Programme, which also involved the construction of new roads and rail links to the airport, with associated bridges and tunnels, and major land reclamation projects on both Hong Kong Island and in Kowloon. The project is the most expensive airport project ever, according to Guinness World Records. Construction of the new airport was voted as one of the Top 10 Construction Achievements of the 20th Century at the ConExpo conference in 1999.CONEXPO-CON/AGG '99 (1999). Top 10 Construction Achievements of the 20th Century {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20051126083538weblink |date=26 November 2005 }}. {{ISBN|0-9530219-5-5}}. Retrieved 10 November 2005The detailed design for the airport terminal was awarded to a consortium led by Mott Connell (the Hong Kong office of UK consultant Mott MacDonald) with British Airports Authority as specialist designers for airport related aspects, Foster and Partners as architects and Ove Arup as specialist structural designers for the roof. Mott Connell were the designers for foundations, all other structural components and the mechanical and electrical work. The sides of the terminals, predominantly glass, were designed to break during high speed winds, relieving pressure and allowing the terminal to withstand an intense typhoon.EPISODE, Building Hong Kong's Airport, Extreme Engineering, Extreme Engineering, 14 May 2003, 1, 7, The airport was officially opened in an opening ceremony by President Jiang Zemin at noon Hong Kong Time on 2 July 1998. Hours later, Air Force One, carrying United States President Bill Clinton, landed at the new airport and became the first foreign visitor to arrive at the new airport.NEWS, Clinton leaves with democracy plea,weblink 11 January 2018, BbC News, 3 July 1998, The actual operation of the airport commenced on 6 July 1998, concluding the six-year construction that cost US$20 billion. On that day at 06:25 Hong Kong Time, Cathay Pacific flight 889 became the first commercial flight to land at the airport, pipping the original CX 292 from Rome which was the scheduled first arrival.NEWS, Hong Kong's flying start,weblink BBC News, 5 July 1998, 30 December 2015, However, the airport had already started to experience some technical difficulties on the first day of opening. The flight information display system (FIDS) had suddenly shut down which caused long delays. Shortly afterwards, the cargo-communication link with Kai Tak, where all the necessary data was stored (some still stored there then), went down. During the same period of time, someone had accidentally deleted an important database for cargo services. This meant that cargo had to be manually stored. At one point, the airport had to turn away all air cargo and freight headed for and exported from Hong Kong (except food and medical supplies) while it sorted out the huge mess. HKIA simply could not keep up without an automated assistant-computer system. For three to five months after its opening, it suffered various severe organisational, mechanical and technical problems that almost crippled the airport and its operations. Computer glitches were mostly to blame for the major crisis. Lau Kong-wah, a Hong Kong politician, was quoted saying "This was meant to be a first-class project but it has turned into a ninth-class airport and a disgrace. Our airport has become the laughing stock of the world."BOOK, Gordon, Alastair, Naked Airport, Metropolitan Books, September 2004, 0-8050-6518-0, NEWS,weblink INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS; Problems Continue to Mount at New Hong Kong Airport, The New York Times, 9 July 1998, Mark, Landler, At one time, the government reopened the cargo terminal at Kai Tak Airport to handle freight traffic because of a breakdown at the new cargo terminal, named Super Terminal One (ST1).WEB, Calendar of Events, Hong Kong Yearbook, 15 August 2009, 1998,weblink However, after six months the airport started to operate normally.On 31 July 2000, Todd Salimuchai, a regularised illegal immigrant in Hong Kong with no provable nationality, forced his way through a security checkpoint using a fake pistol, took a woman hostage, and boarded a Cathay Pacific aircraft. He demanded to be flown to Burma, which he claimed was his native country but had refused to admit him due to his lack of documents. He surrendered to police two and a half hours later.{{citation|url=http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=11&art_id=22547&sid=8717578&con_type=3 |periodical=The Standard |date=10 July 2006 |accessdate=28 May 2011 |title=The tale of a man with no country |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111021144810weblink |archivedate=21 October 2011 |df=dmy-all }}Officially opened in June 2007, the second airport terminal, called T2, (check-in facility only) is linked with the MTR Airport Express on a new platform. The terminal also features a new shopping mall, SkyPlaza, providing a large variety of shops and restaurants, together with a few entertainment facilities. T2 also houses a 36-bay coach-station for buses to and from mainland China and 56 airline check-in counters, as well as customs and immigration facilities.Besides T2, the SkyCity Nine Eagles Golf Course has been opened in 2007 whereas the second airport hotel, the Hong Kong SkyCity Marriott Hotel; and a permanent cross-boundary ferry terminal, the Skypier, began operations in 2008 and 2009 respectively. Development around T2 also includes the AsiaWorld-Expo which has started operation in late 2005.Hong Kong International Airport – About AA – SkyCity Brochure {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060427082559weblink |date=27 April 2006 }} A second passenger concourse, the North Satellite Concourse (NSC), opened in 2010, followed by the Midfield Concourse in December 2015.WEB,weblink Hong Kong International Airport splashes out HK$5 billion on a new midfield... concourse, 2016-04-01, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-05-23, On August 12, 2019 the airport was shut down as part of pro-democracy demonstrations during the 2019 Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests, over 160 flights were cancelled as both the arrivals and departures sections of the airport were occupied.NEWS,weblink Hong Kong airport cancels flights over protests, 2019-08-12, 2019-08-12, en-GB,

Composition

(File:VHHH Layout.svg|thumb|Airport Layout)Hong Kong International Airport covers an area of {{convert|1255|ha|sqmi}}. The airport has a total of 90 boarding gates,WEB,weblink Hong Kong International Airport – Interactive Map, Hongkongairport.com, 7 May 2011, with 78 jet bridge gates (1–4, 15–36, 40–50, 60–71, 201–219, 501–510) and 12 virtual gates (228–230, 511–513, 520–525) which are used as assembly points for passengers, who are then ferried to the aircraft by apron buses. Of the 66 jet bridges, five (Gates 15,23,60,62,64) are capable of handling the Airbus A380, the current users of which are Singapore Airlines, Emirates, Qantas, British Airways, Asiana Airlines, Thai Airways, Air France and Lufthansa. Previous users were Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines, and China Southern Airlines.{{Citation needed|date=May 2019}}

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 of the HKIA, with an area measuring {{convert|570000|m2|sqft}}, is the third largest airport passenger terminal building in the world, after Dubai International Airport Terminal 3 and Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3.WEB,weblink The 'dragon' unveiled: Beijing's T3 starts operations, The Official Website of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, 7 May 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110911114757weblink">weblink 11 September 2011, dmy-all, At its opening, Terminal 1 was the largest airport passenger terminal building, with a total gross floor area of {{convert|531000|m2|sqft}}. It briefly conceded the status to Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport ({{convert|563000|m2|sqft|abbr = on}}) when the latter opened on 15 September 2006, but reclaimed the title when the East Hall was expanded, bringing the total area to its current size of {{convert|570000|m2|sqft}}. Terminal 1's title as the world's largest was surrendered to Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3 on 29 February 2008.File:HKIA-ME3B.JPG|Terminal 1 Departures Hall entranceFile:Hong Kong airport terminal 1.jpg|The interior of Terminal 1 at nightFile:Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1.jpg|Check-in counters at Terminal 1File:Hong Kong International Airport, Arrival Hall 6, Mar 06.JPG|Level 5 – Arrivals Hall

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 with an area measuring {{convert|140000|m2|sqft|abbr = on}}, together with the SkyPlaza, opened on 28 February 2007 along with the opening of the Airport Station's Platform 3.WEB,weblink Press release of platform 3 opening, 7 May 2011, It is only a check-in and processing facility for departing passengers with no gates or arrival facilities (passengers are transported underground to gates at Terminal 1). So far most low-cost carriers and some full-service carriers have relocated their check-in operations to T2. The SkyPlaza is situated within Terminal 2. Terminal 2 is estimated to close in 2019 for expansion to provide departure and arrival facilities for the new satellite terminal from the three-runway system.WEB,weblink Airport aims to speed up expansion to cut impact on flights, 2018-04-20, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-07-11, File:HK Skyplazaview 20070709.jpg|SkyPlaza at the Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 2 ceilingFile:SkyPlaza at the Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 2.JPG|SkyPlaza at the Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 2File:SkyPlaza, Hong Kong International Airport (Hong Kong).jpg|SkyPlaza, Hong Kong International Airport (Hong Kong)

North Satellite Concourse

In 2007, HKIA began the construction of a two-storey North Satellite Concourse (NSC), which opened in December 2009.WEB,weblink yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120225081830weblink">weblink HKIA Opens New Passenger Concourse to Enhance Service, 2012-02-25, Hongkongairport.com, 15 December 2009, 7 May 2011, This concourse was designed for narrow-body aircraft and is equipped with 10 jet bridges. The concourse has a floor area of {{convert|20000|m2|sqft}} and will be able to serve more than five million passengers annually. There is a shuttle bus service between the NSC and Terminal 1 every four minutes. The North Satellite Concourse was built so the airport could accommodate at least 90 percent of its passengers by aerobridges. It has two levels (one for departures and one for arrivals). A new Sky Bridge connecting Terminal 1 and NSC is expected to be in use in 2020, passengers can then walk to NSC, saving time from taking the airport shuttle bus.WEB,weblink More food options and a roof garden: inside HK$7bn airport revamp, 2017-06-20, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-07-11, WEB,weblink Bridge planned for Hong Kong airport so tall A380s can go underneath, 2017-05-12, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-07-11, File:Hong Kong Airport Satellite Terminal Exterior.JPG|Exterior view of Hong Kong Airport Satellite Terminal. Connection by airport shuttle bus to main terminal travelling along marked roadway at bottom left.File:Hong Kong Airport Satellite Terminal Interior 1.JPG|Interior view of Satellite Terminal, Hong Kong Airport. Escalator leads up from bus connection to main terminal building.File:Hong Kong Airport Satellite Terminal Interior 2.JPG|Interior view of Satellite Terminal, Hong Kong Airport. Central internet kiosk with coffee shop behind.

Midfield Concourse

On 25 January 2011, Airport Authority Hong Kong (AA) unveiled phase 1 of its midfield development project which was targeted for completion by the end of 2015. The midfield area is located to the west of Terminal 1 between the two existing runways. It was the then last piece of land on the airport island available for large-scale development. This includes 20 aircraft parking stands, three of these are wide enough to serve the Airbus A380 and cater for an additional 10 million passengers annually. Passengers reach the concourse through an extension of the underground automated people mover.WEB, Airport Authority Unveils Phase 1 Midfield Development, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 27 January 2011accessdate=28 January 2011, A joint venture of Mott MacDonald and Arup led the design of the project.HTTP://WWW1.AEDAS.COM/MIDFIELD-CONCOURSE>TITLE=PROJECT PAGE: HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT – MIDFIELD CONCOURSEDEADURL=YESARCHIVEDATE=14 JULY 2014Hong Kong Airlines flying from Hong Kong to Okinawa. On 31 March 2016, the Concourse was officially inaugurated in a ceremony marking its full commissioning.HTTPS://WWW.HONGKONGAIRPORT.COM/ENG/MEDIA/PRESS-RELEASES/PR_1209.HTMLPUBLISHER=AIRPORT AUTHORITY HONG KONG, File:Hong Kong International Airport Midfield Concourse.jpg|Aerial view of Midfield Concourse, Hong Kong International Airport.File:HKIA Midfield Concourse Interior view2 201604.jpg|Interior view of Midfield ConcourseFile:HKIA Midfield Concourse Interior 201604.jpg|Interior view of sitting areaFile:HKIA Midfield Concourse Peoplemover Platform 201604.jpg|Interior view of Automated People Mover Platform

Other buildings

Cathay Pacific City, the head office of Cathay Pacific and Air Hong Kong, is located on the airport island."Hong Kong." Cathay Pacific. Retrieved 8 September 2010. Cathay Dragon House (國泰港龍大厦), the head office of Cathay Dragon, and CNAC House, the office for Air China are also located in the airport complex, together with the Civil Aviation Department headquarters."Contact Us." Civil Aviation Department. Retrieved on August 11, 2014. "Director-General of Civil Aviation, Civil Aviation Department Headquarters, 1 Tung Fai Road, Hong Kong International Airport, Lantau, Hong Kong " Traditional Chinese address: "來函民航處處長 香港大嶼山香港國際機場 東輝路1號 民航處總部辦公大樓", Simplified Chinese address: "来函民航处处长 香港大屿山香港国际机场 东辉路1号 民航处总部办公大楼"File:HKIA Control Tower.JPG|Control tower seen from an aircraftFile:HKIA Super Terminal 1 201308.jpg|Super Terminal 1File:HKIA Apron1.JPG|View of the outside

Future development

In June 2010, the Airport Authority unveiled plans to develop in stages the vast midfield site of the airport island. Stage 1 will involve the construction of a new 20 gate passenger concourse to be built in 2 phases (completion 2015 and 2020) with 11 gates in phase 1 growing to 20 gates in phase 2. The configuration of the new concourse is similar to those at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Denver International Airport, New International Airport for Mexico City, Washington Dulles International Airport, Heathrow Terminal 5 and Incheon International Airport. After stage 1 of midfield development is completed in 2020, there will be sufficient lands remaining for further new concourses to be built as and when demand for them materialises.JOURNAL,weblink Midfield Expansion Project of Airport Authority Hong Kong Purpose, Legislative Council Panel on Economic Development,

Master Plan 2030

One year after, on 2 June 2011, the Airport Authority announced and released their latest version of a 20-year blueprint for the airport's development, the Hong Kong International Airport Master Plan 2030.PRESS RELEASE, Airport Authority Hong Kong Unveils Development Options – Three-month Public Consultation Launched to Collect Feedback., Hong Kong Airport Authority, 2 June 2011,weblink 2 June 2011, The study took three years and according to the authority, nine consulting organisations have been hired for the research, observation, planning and advice. The main focus is to improve the overall capacity and aircraft handling ability of the airport. Based on this, two options have been developed.

Option 1: Two-runway system

To maintain the current two-runway system, there will be enhancements to the terminal and apron facilities to increase the airport's capacity. This option will enable the airport to handle a maximum of 420,000 flight movements per year, with annual passenger and cargo throughput increased to 74 million and six million tonnes respectively. The approximate cost of this plan is $23.4 billion Hong Kong dollars in 2010 prices, or HK$42.5 billion in money-of-the-day{{when|date=July 2014}} prices. However, the Airport Authority estimates that the airport will reach its maximum runway capacity sometime around 2020 if no extra runway is added.

Option 2: Three-runway system

This plan will focus on adding a third runway to the north of the Chek Lap Kok, the existing island the airport is built on, by land reclamation, using deep cement mixing, of about {{convert|650|ha|acres}}. Associated facilities, additional terminals, airfield and apron facilities, will be built as well, and, combined with the new runway, it is estimated that the airport would be able to handle a maximum of 620,000 flights per year (102 per hour, or about one flight every 36 seconds), and meet forecast annual passenger and cargo throughput of about 97 million and 8.9 million tonnes by 2030 respectively.WEB,weblink New Skypier will improve delta connections, 20 Apr 2018, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-05-23, There are possible drawbacks. Development costs are a concern: although the proposal would increase the number of direct jobs associated with HKIA to 150,000 by 2030 and generate an ENPV of HK$912 billion (in 2009 dollars), the estimated cost is approximately $86.2 billion (2010) Hong Kong Dollars, or HK$141.5 billion (at money-of-the-day prices).WEB, LCQ7: Financial arrangement of the three-runway system project at Hong Kong International Airport,weblink Legislative Council, 22 April 2015, 22 April 2015, There are also environmental and local noise pollution concerns.On 20 March 2012, the Hong Kong Government adopted this option as the official expansion plan.WEB,weblink zh:三跑道系統 - 香港國際機場, 10 May 2015, zh-hant, The third runway is being built parallel to the current two runways. It will be situated on reclaimed land directly north of the existing airport island.WEB,weblink Hong Kong International Airport, Three Runway System, 2018-10-19, A new passenger concourse will be built to serve the new runway.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

{{Airport destination listAeroflot > Moscow–SheremetyevoAirAsia > Kota Kinabalu International Airport, Kuala Lumpur International Airport>Kuala Lumpur–InternationalAir Astana > AlmatyAir Busan > BusanAir Canada > Toronto Pearson International Airport, Vancouver International Airport>VancouverAir China > Beijing Capital International Airport, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport>Chengdu, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport>Dalian, Tianjin Binhai International Airport, Yinchuan Hedong International Airport>YinchuanHTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/282667/AIR-CHINA-ADDS-YINCHUAN-HONG-KONG-SERVICE-FROM-LATE-JAN-2019/>TITLE=AIR CHINA ADDS YINCHUAN – HONG KONG SERVICE FROM LATE-JAN 2019ACCESSDATE=29 JANUARY 2019, Seasonal: Yuncheng Guangong AirportHTTP://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/273427/AIR-CHINA-ADDS-YUNCHENG-HONG-KONG-SEASONAL-SERVICE-FROM-JULY-2017/PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINE, 26 June 2017, Air France > Paris–Charles de GaulleAir India > Indira Gandhi International Airport, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport>Mumbai (begins 27 October 2019)AIR INDIA DELAYS MUMBAI – HONG KONG LAUNCH TO OCT 2019>URL=HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/286346/AIR-INDIA-DELAYS-MUMBAI-HONG-KONG-LAUNCH-TO-OCT-2019/ACCESSDATE=13 SEPTEMBER 2019, Air Mauritius > MauritiusAir New Zealand > AucklandAir Niugini > Port MoresbyAir Seoul > Incheon International AirportHTTP://WWW.KOREAHERALD.COM/VIEW.PHP?UD=20170913000258 PUBLISHER=KOREAHERALD.COM ACCESSDATE=2018-10-19, All Nippon Airways > Chubu International Airport, Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai, Haneda Airport, Narita International Airport>Tokyo–NaritaAmerican Airlines > Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport>Los AngelesAsiana Airlines > Seoul–IncheonBangkok Airways > Koh SamuiBritish Airways > London–HeathrowCathay Dragon > Kempegowda International Airport, Beijing Capital International Airport>Beijing–Capital, Gimhae International Airport, Changsha Huanghua International Airport>Changsha, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Chiang Mai International Airport>Chiang Mai, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, Clark International Airport>Clark, Đà Nẵng International Airport, Francisco Bangoy International Airport>Davao,Cathay Dragon adds new destinations in W18 Routesonline. 1 May 2018. Ngurah Rai International Airport, Shahjalal International Airport>Dhaka, Fukuoka Airport, Fuzhou Changle International Airport>Fuzhou, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Guilin Liangjiang International Airport>Guilin, Haikou Meilan International Airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport>Hangzhou, Noi Bai International Airport, Jeju International Airport>Jeju, Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport,HONG KONG SAR - ENGLISH TITLE=CATHAY DRAGON TO LAUNCH NEW SERVICE TO JINAN IN MARCH DATE= Kaohsiung International Airport>Kaohsiung, Tribhuvan International Airport, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport>Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Kunming Changshui International Airport>Kunming, Kualanamu International Airport, Naha Airport>Naha, Nanjing Lukou International Airport, Nanning Wuxu International Airport>Nanning,Cathay Dragon adds Nanning service from Jan 2018 Routesonline. 2 November 2017. Ningbo Lishe International Airport, Penang International Airport>Penang, Phnom Penh International Airport, Phuket International Airport>Phuket, Qingdao Liuting International Airport, Sanya Phoenix International Airport>Sanya, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, Siem Reap International Airport, Taichung Airport>Taichung, Taoyuan International Airport, Haneda Airport>Tokyo–Haneda, Wenzhou Yongqiang International Airport, Wuhan Tianhe International Airport>Wuhan, Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport>Xiamen, Yangon International Airport, Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport>ZhengzhouSeasonal: Tokushima Airport,Cathay Dragon adds seasonal Tokushima service from Dec 2018 Routesonline. 5 September 2018. Niigata Airport>Niigata (begins 30 October 2019weblinkCharter: KomatsuCathay Pacific > Adelaide Airport, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol>Amsterdam, Auckland Airport, Bahrain International Airport>Bahrain, Suvarnabhumi Airport, Barcelona-El Prat Airport>Barcelona,HTTPS://WWW.FINCHANNEL.COM/TOURISM-AND-TRAVEL/68254-CATHAY-PACIFIC-INCREASES-SERVICES-TO-BARCELONA-TEL-AVIV-AND-FUKUOKA >TITLE=CATHAY PACIFIC INCREASES SERVICES TO BARCELONA, TEL AVIV AND FUKUOKA DATE= Beijing Capital International Airport>Beijing–Capital, Logan International Airport, Brisbane Airport>Brisbane, Brussels Airportweblink Cairns Airport>Cairns (ends 27 October 2019),HTTPS://WWW.AUSBT.COM.AU/CATHAY-PACIFIC-AXES-CAIRNS-HONG-KONG-FLIGHTS > TITLE=CATHAY PACIFIC IS AXING CAIRNS-HONG KONG FLIGHTS FROM OCTOBER, Mactan-Cebu International Airport, Chennai International Airport>Chennai, O'Hare International Airport, Bandaranaike International Airport>Colombo, Indira Gandhi International Airport, Ngurah Rai International Airport>Denpasar/Bali, Dubai International Airport, Frankfurt Airport>Frankfurt, Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Rajiv Gandhi International Airport>Hyderabad, Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, O. R. Tambo International Airport>Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Komatsu Airport,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/281960/CATHAY-PACIFIC-ADDS-KOMATSU-SERVICE-FROM-APRIL-2019/ Gatwick Airport>London–Gatwick, Heathrow Airport, Los Angeles International Airport>Los Angeles, Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport, Ibrahim Nasir International Airport>Malé, Manchester Airport, Ninoy Aquino International Airport>Manila, Melbourne Airport, Milan Malpensa Airport>Milan–Malpensa, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Chubu International Airport>Nagoya–Centrair, New York–JFK, Newark Liberty International Airport, Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Perth Airport>Perth, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, San Francisco International Airport>San Francisco, New Chitose Airport, Seattle–Tacoma International Airport>Seattle/Tacoma,CATHAY PACIFIC ANNOUNCES NONSTOP SERVICE FROM SEATTLE TO HONG KONG >DATE=18 JULY 2018 URL=HTTPS://WWW.PRNEWSWIRE.COM/NEWS-RELEASES/CATHAY-PACIFIC-ANNOUNCES-NONSTOP-SERVICE-FROM-SEATTLE-TO-HONG-KONG-300683346.HTML, HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/279661/CATHAY-PACIFIC-PLANS-SEATTLE-LAUNCH-IN-LATE-MARCH-2019/>TITLE=CATHAY PACIFIC PLANS SEATTLE LAUNCH IN LATE-MARCH 2019DATE=19 JULY 2018Incheon International Airport>Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Singapore Changi Airport>Singapore, Juanda International Airport, Sydney Airport>Sydney, Taoyuan International Airport, Ben Gurion International Airport>Tel Aviv, Haneda Airport, Narita International Airport>Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver International Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport>Washington–Dulles,HTTPS://WWW.CATHAYPACIFIC.COM/CX/EN_HK/EXPLORE-DESTINATIONS/PORT-LAUNCH/WASHINGTON-DC.HTML>TITLE=HONG KONG'S ONLY DIRECT FLIGHT TO WASHINGTON DCACCESS-DATE=19 DECEMBER 2017, Zurich AirportSeasonal: Cape Town International Airport>Cape Town,HONG KONG SAR - ENGLISH >URL=HTTPS://NEWS.CATHAYPACIFIC.COM/CATHAY-PACIFIC-TO-FLY-NON-STOP-TO-CAPE-TOWN-FROM-NOVEMBER PUBLISHER=NEWS.CATHAYPACIFIC.COM ACCESSDATE=2018-10-19, Christchurch International AirportHTTP://WWW.SCOOP.CO.NZ/STORIES/BU1702/S00924/AIR-NEW-ZEALAND-AND-CATHAY-PACIFIC-EXTEND-ALLIANCE.HTMWEBSITE=SCOOP.CO.NZDublin Airport>DublinHTTPS://WWW.CATHAYPACIFIC.COM/CX/EN_HK/EXPLORE-DESTINATIONS/PORT-LAUNCH/DUBLIN.HTML >TITLE=NEW DUBLIN FLIGHTS FROM HONG KONG ACCESSDATE=31 AUGUST 2017, HTTPS://WWW.ITTN.IE/NEWS/CATHAY-PACIFIC-TO-SUSPEND-FLIGHTS-FROM-DUBLIN/ >TITLE=CATHAY PACIFIC TO SUSPEND FLIGHTS FROM DUBLIN FROM NOVEMBER, 12 September 2019, Cebu Pacific > Mactan-Cebu International Airport, Clark International Airport>Clark, Iloilo International Airport, Ninoy Aquino International Airport>ManilaChina Airlines > Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (ends 26 October 2019),CHINA AIRLINES W19 OPERATION CHANGES AS OF 18JUN19 WEBSITE=ROUTESONLINE Kaohsiung International Airport>Kaohsiung, Tainan Airport, Taoyuan International Airport>Taipei–TaoyuanChina Eastern Airlines > Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, Kunming Changshui International Airport>Kunming, Nanjing Lukou International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport>Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Taiyuan Wusu International Airport>Taiyuan, Sunan Shuofang International Airport, Xi'an Xianyang International Airport>Xi'anChina Southern Airlines > Beijing Capital International Airport, Meixian Airport>Meixian, Shenyang Taoxian International Airport, Wuhan Tianhe International Airport>Wuhan, YiwuEastar Jet > Seoul–IncheonEgyptAir > Suvarnabhumi Airport, Cairo International Airport>Cairo El Al > Tel AvivEmirates (airline)>Emirates Suvarnabhumi Airport>Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Dubai–InternationalEthiopian Airlines > Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, Suvarnabhumi Airport>Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, ManilaEthiopian Airlines NS18 changes as of 08JAN18 Routesonline. 9 January 2018.Etihad Airways > Abu DhabiEVA Air > Taipei–TaoyuanEznis Airways > Chinggis Khaan International AirportHTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/284655/EZNIS-AIRWAYS-SCHEDULES-HONG-KONG-LAUNCH-IN-JUNE-2019/, Eznis Airways schedules Hong Kong launch in June 2019, Fiji Airways > NadiFinnair > HelsinkiGaruda Indonesia > Ngurah Rai International Airport, Soekarno-Hatta International Airport>Jakarta–Soekarno HattaHong Kong Airlines > Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Changchun Longjia International Airport, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport>Chengdu, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, Ngurah Rai International Airport>Denpasar/Bali, Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport, Haikou Meilan International Airport>Haikou, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, Noi Bai International Airport>Hanoi, Tan Son Nhat International Airport,HTTP://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/272562/HONG-KONG-AIRLINES-SCHEDULES-HO-CHI-MINH-JULY-2017-LAUNCH/PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINEKagoshima Airport>Kagoshima, Los Angeles International Airport,HTTP://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/273602/HONG-KONG-AIRLINES-PROPOSES-A350-LOS-ANGELES-LAUNCH-IN-DEC-2017/PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINENinoy Aquino International Airport>Manila, Naha Airport, Nanchang Changbei International Airport>Nanchang, Nanjing Lukou International Airport, Nanning Wuxu International Airport>Nanning,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/282561/HONG-KONG-AIRLINES-RESUMES-NANNING-SERVICE-FROM-LATE-JAN-2019/ >TITLE = HONG KONG AIRLINES RESUMES NANNING SERVICE FROM LATE-JAN 2019, Okayama Airport, Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai, Saipan International Airport, San Francisco International Airport>San Francisco (ends 4 October 2019),HTTP://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/274932/HONG-KONG-AIRLINES-FILES-PRELIMINARY-SAN-FRANCISCO-SCHEDULE-IN-S18/ >TITLE=HONG KONG AIRLINES FILES PRELIMINARY SAN FRANCISCO SCHEDULE IN S18 DATE= weblink Sanya Phoenix International Airport>Sanya, New Chitose Airport, Incheon International Airport>Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, Taoyuan International Airport, Tianjin Binhai International Airport>Tianjin, Narita International Airport, Vancouver International Airport>Vancouver,HTTP://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/270109/HONG-KONG-AIRLINES-FILES-VANCOUVER-SCHEDULE-IN-S17/>TITLE=HONG KONG AIRLINES FILES VANCOUVER SCHEDULE IN S17ACCESSDATE=28 NOVEMBER 2016, Miho–Yonago AirportCharter: Yancheng Nanyang International Airport>YanchengHTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/281018/HONG-KONG-AIRLINES-PLANS-YANCHENG-SCHEDULED-CHARTER-FROM-NOV-2018/ >TITLE=HONG KONG AIRLINES PLANS YANCHENG SCHEDULED CHARTER FROM NOV 2018 DATE=, 2018-10-19, HK Express > Suvarnabhumi Airport,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/282335/HK-EXPRESS-RESUMES-BANGKOK-SERVICE-FROM-LATE-MARCH-2019/ Gimhae International Airport>Busan, Chiang Mai International Airport, Chiang Rai International Airport>Chiang Rai, Da Nang International Airport, Fukuoka Airport>Fukuoka, Hiroshima Airport, New Ishigaki Airport>Ishigaki, Jeju International Airport, Kagoshima Airport>Kagoshima, Kumamoto Airport, Nagasaki Airport>Nagasaki,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/281177/HK-EXPRESS-PLANS-NAGASAKI-LAUNCH-IN-JAN-2019/ > TITLE=HK EXPRESS PLANS NAGASAKI LAUNCH IN JAN 2019, Naha Airport (resumes 26 September 2019),HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/285060/HK-EXPRESS-SCHEDULES-OKINAWA-LATE-SEP-2019-LAUNCH/ PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINE ACCESSDATE=2019-08-25, Chubu International Airport, Cam Ranh International Airport>Nha Trang, Ningbo Lishe International Airport, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket International Airport>Phuket, Saipan International Airport, Incheon International Airport>Seoul–Incheon, Shimojishima Airport, Siem Reap International Airport>Siem Reap, Taichung International Airport, Takamatsu Airport>Takamatsu, Haneda Airport, Narita International Airport>Tokyo–NaritaIndiGo > Kempegowda International Airport,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/281111/INDIGO-ADDS-HONG-KONG-SERVICE-FROM-DEC-2018/?HIGHLIGHT=BANGALOREACCESSDATE=2018-10-19AUTHOR=JIM LIUNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport>KolkataHTTPS://WWW.ZEEBIZ.COM/INDIA/NEWS-INDIGO-FLIGHT-UPDATE-DAILY-OPERATIONS-TO-START-ON-KOLKATA-HONG-KONG-ROUTE-101843 > TITLE=INDIGO FLIGHT UPDATE: DAILY OPERATIONS TO START ON KOLKATA-HONG KONG ROUTE, 10 June 2019, Japan Airlines > Haneda Airport, Narita International Airport>Tokyo–NaritaJeju Air > Incheon International Airport, Jeju International Airport>JejuJeju Air adds Jeju – Hong Kong route in 3Q18 Routesonline. 31 May 2018.Jetstar Asia Airways > SingaporeJetstar Japan > Tokyo–NaritaJetstar Pacific Airlines > Da Nang International Airport, Noi Bai International Airport>HanoiJin Air > Seoul–IncheonJuneyao Airlines > Shanghai–PudongKLM > AmsterdamKorean Air > Seoul–IncheonLanmei Airlines > Phnom Penh International Airport,2017TITLE=LANMEI AIRLINES PLANS LATE-NOV 2017 HONG KONG LAUNCHWEBSITE=ROUTESONLINE, Sihanouk International AirportHTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/276107/LANMEI-AIRLINES-SCHEDULES-NEW-ROUTES-LAUNCH-IN-DEC-2017/, Lanmei Airlines schedules new routes launch in Dec 2017, Lufthansa > Frankfurt Airport, Munich Airport>MunichMalaysia Airlines > Kuala Lumpur–InternationalMalindo Air > Kuala Lumpur–InternationalMandarin Airlines > Kaohsiung International Airport, Taichung International Airport>Taichung MIAT Mongolian Airlines > UlaanbaatarMyanmar National Airlines > YangonNepal Airlines > KathmanduPeach Aviation > Naha Airport, Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai
Philippine Airlines > Manila
Philippines AirAsia > ManilaQantas > Brisbane Airport, Melbourne Airport>Melbourne, SydneyQatar Airways > DohaRoyal Brunei Airlines > Bandar Seri BegawanRoyal Jordanian > Queen Alia International Airport, Suvarnabhumi Airport>Bangkok–SuvarnabhumiS7 Airlines > International Airport Irkutsk,LIU TITLE=S7 AIRLINES REVISES S19 IRKUTSK – HONG KONG SERVICE INCREASE ACCESSDATE=7 JUNE 2019 DATE=7 JUNE 2019, Vladivostok International Airport, Tolmachevo Airport>NovosibirskScandinavian Airlines > CopenhagenSAS opens new route from Copenhagen to Hong Kong Scandinavian Airlines. June 14, 2018.Scoot > SingaporeShandong Airlines > Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/276486/SHANDONG-AIRLINES-SCHEDULES-JINAN-HONG-KONG-JAN-2018-LAUNCH/ PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINE ACCESSDATE=3 JANUARY 2018, YantaiShanghai Airlines > Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, ZhanjiangShenzhen Airlines > Quanzhou Jinjiang Airport, Sunan Shuofang International Airport>WuxiHTTP://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/274880/SHENZHEN-AIRLINES-ADDS-WUXI-HONG-KONG-SERVICE-IN-W17/>TITLE=SHENZHEN AIRLINES ADDS WUXI – HONG KONG SERVICE IN W17ACCESSDATE=21 SEPTEMBER 2017, Sichuan Airlines > ChengduSingapore Airlines > San Francisco International Airport, Singapore Changi Airport>SingaporeSouth African Airways > Johannesburg–O.R. TamboSpiceJet > Indira Gandhi International Airport, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport>MumbaiLIU >FIRST1=JIM URL=HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/285163/SPICEJET-FURTHER-EXPANDS-INTERNATIONAL-NETWORK-FROM-LATE-JULY-2019/ ACCESSDATE=1 JULY 2019, Spring Airlines > Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport>Shijiazhuang, Xuzhou Guanyin Airport, Yangzhou Taizhou International Airport>YangzhouHTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/281979/SPRING-AIRLINES-ADDS-YANGZHOU-HONG-KONG-SERVICE-FROM-JAN-2019/ >TITLE = SPRING AIRLINES ADDS YANGZHOU – HONG KONG SERVICE FROM JAN 2019, Swiss International Air Lines}} Zurich Airport>ZürichThai AirAsia > Don Mueang International Airport, Chiang Mai International Airport>Chiang Mai, Krabi International Airport,HTTPS://NEWSROOM.AIRASIA.COM/NEWS/2018/10/9/AIRASIA-CELEBRATES-10-YEARS-OF-SERVICE-TO-HONG-KONG-REINFORCES-ITS-NETWORK-WITH-KRABI-HONG-KONG-AMP-KRABI-MACAU PUBLISHER=NEWSROOM.AIRASIA.COM ACCESSDATE=2018-10-19, PhuketThai Airways > Bangkok–SuvarnabhumiThai Smile > Suvarnabhumi Airport,Thai Smile adds Hong Kong service from late-Oct 2018 Routesonline. 13 September 2018. Phuket International Airport>PhuketTurkish Airlines > Istanbul AirportHTTPS://ONEMILEATATIME.COM/ISTANBUL-AIRPORT-TRANSITION-DELAY/DATE=9 APRIL 2019, T'way Air > DaeguUnited Airlines > Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport (ends 14 October 2019),HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/285127/UNITED-DOUBLES-SAN-FRANCISCO-HONG-KONG-SERVICE-IN-W19/ PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINE ACCESSDATE=2019-08-25, Newark Liberty International Airport, San Francisco International Airport>San Francisco VietJet Air > Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Phu Quoc International Airport>Phu QuocVietnam Airlines > Noi Bai International Airport, Tan Son Nhat International Airport>Ho Chi Minh CityVirgin Atlantic > London–HeathrowVirgin Australia > Melbourne Airport, Sydney Airport>SydneyVirgin Australia to launch Sydney-Hong Kong flights mid-2018 Australian Business Traveller. February 28, 2018.XiamenAir > Beijing Capital International Airport (begins 27 October 2019),JUL 29 TITLE=AIRLINEROUTE ON TWITTER: "XIAMEN AIRLINES’ PLANNED BEIJING CAPITAL – HONG KONG SERVICE IS NOW OPEN FOR BOOKING, LAUNCH DATE REVISED TO 27OCT19. ORIGINAL LAUNCH DATE WAS SCHEDULED IN LTE-MARCH 2019" DATE=2019-07-29 Fuzhou Changle International Airport>Fuzhou,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/280134/XIAMEN-AIRLINES-ADDS-FUZHOU-HONG-KONG-SERVICE-FROM-MID-AUG-2018/>TITLE=XIAMEN AIRLINES ADDS FUZHOU – HONG KONG SERVICE FROM MID-AUG 2018ACCESSDATE=20 AUGUST 2018, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/280656/XIAMEN-AIRLINES-ADDS-HANGZHOU-HONG-KONG-ROUTE-IN-W18/PUBLISHER=ROUTESONLINEQuanzhou Jinjiang International Airport>Quanzhou, Wuyishan Airport, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport>Xiamen}}

Cargo

{{More citations needed section|date=January 2018}}{{Airport destination listAir France Cargo > Bahrain International Airport, King Fahd International Airport>Dammam, Dubai International Airport, King Abdulaziz International Airport>Jeddah, Kuwait, Paris–Charles de GaulleAirBridgeCargo Airlines > Almaty International Airport, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol>Amsterdam, Clark International Airport, Frankfurt Airport>Frankfurt, Yemelyanovo Airport, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Vnukovo, Singapore Changi Airport>Singapore, Pulkovo Airport, Koltsovo Airport>YekaterinburgANA Cargo > Chubu International Airport, Naha Airport>Naha, Kansai International Airport, Narita International Airport>Tokyo–NaritaAsiana Cargo > Seoul–IncheonASL Airlines Belgium > Dubai International Airport, Liège Airport>LiègeCargolux > Abu Dhabi International Airport, Almaty International Airport>Almaty, Queen Alia International Airport, Heydar Aliyev International Airport>Baku, Barcelona El Prat Airport, Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport>Beirut, Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport, Chennai International Airport>Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Rickenbacker International Airport, King Fahd International Airport>Dammam, Hamad International Airport, Dubai International Airport>Dubai–International, Helsinki Airport, Tan Son Nhat International Airport>Ho Chi Minh City, Sary-Arka Airport, Komatsu Airport>Komatsu, Kuwait International Airport, London Stansted Airport>London–Stansted, Los Angeles International Airport, Luxembourg – Findel Airport>Luxembourg, New York–JFK, King Khalid International Airport, Singapore Changi Airport>Singapore, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Upington Airport>Upington, ViennaCargolux>Cargolux Italia Almaty International Airport>Almaty, Dubai International Airport, Malpensa Airport>Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–KansaiCathay Pacific Cargo > Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Bengaluru International Airport>Bengaluru, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing Capital International Airport, Calgary International Airport>Calgary, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Chennai International Airport>Chennai, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, Bandaranaike International Airport>Colombo, Rickenbacker International Airport, Indira Gandhi International Airport>Delhi, Shahjalal International Airport, Al Maktoum International Airport>Dubai–Al Maktoum, Melbourne Airport, Malpensa Airport>Milan–Malpensa, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Osaka–Kansai, Penang International Airport>Penang, Incheon International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore Changi Airport, Sydney Airport>Sydney, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Tokyo–Narita, Toowoomba Wellcamp Airport>Toowoomba, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport, Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport>ZhengzhouChina Airlines Cargo > Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport>Taipei–TaoyuanChina Cargo Airlines > Qingdao Liuting International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport>Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–PudongDHL Aviation > Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport,POLAR AIR CARGO 948ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Bahrain International Airport,KALITTA AIR 247ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Suvarnabhumi Airport,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 831ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Beijing Capital International Airport,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 769 AHK769 / LD769ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport,SOUTHERN AIR 276ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Indira Gandhi International Airport,KALITTA AIR 250ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Dubai International Airport,AEROLOGIC 513ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Tan Son Nhat International Airport,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 562ACCESSDATE=7 JANUARY 2018, Leipzig/Halle Airport,2013 SUMMER SCHEDULEPUBLISHER=AERO LOGICLos Angeles International Airport>Los Angeles,SOUTHERN AIR 96>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/SOO96Ninoy Aquino International Airport>Manila,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 456>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK456Chubu International Airport>Nagoya–Centrair,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 216>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK216Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 224>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK224Penang International Airport>Penang,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 562>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK562Incheon International Airport>Seoul–Incheon,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 128>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK128Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 782 AHK782 / LD782>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK782Singapore Changi Airport>Singapore,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 327>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK327Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport>Taipei–Taoyuan,AHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 680>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK680Narita International Airport>Tokyo–NaritaAHK AIR HONG KONG LIMITED 208>URL=HTTPS://FLIGHTAWARE.COM/LIVE/FLIGHT/AHK208, 7 January 2018, Donghai Airlines > Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport>ShenzhenEmirates SkyCargo > Indira Gandhi International Airport, Al Maktoum International Airport>Dubai–Al Maktoum, Hamid Karzai International Airport, Cochin International Airport>Kochi, ThiruvananthapuramEthiopian Cargo>Ethiopian Airlines CargoHTTP://WWW.ETHIOPIANAIRLINES.COM/EN/CARGO/SCHEDULE.ASPX >TITLE=PAGE NOT FOUND - FLY ETHIOPIAN LAST=AIRLINES DEADURL=YES ARCHIVEDATE=11 APRIL 2014 Bole International Airport, Chennai International Airport>Chennai, Maastricht Aachen AirportHTTP://WWW.CARGOFORWARDER.EU/2015/10/27/BREAKING-NEWS-ETHIOPIAN-MOVES-DHL-FLIGHTS-TO-MAASTRICHT/DATE=27 OCTOBER 2015, 20 June 2016, Etihad Airways>Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi International Airport>Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport>Anchorage, Viracopos International Airport, Chicago–O'Hare, Chittagong Airport>Chittagong, Indira Gandhi International Airport, Shahjalal International Airport>Dhaka, Hamid Karzai International Airport, Jorge Chávez International Airport>Lima, Miami International Airport, Mariscal Sucre International Airport>Quito, SharjahEVA Air Cargo > Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, Taiwan Taoyuan International AirportHTTP://MCMS.EVAAIR.COM/NR/RDONLYRES/CEF13C01-D0EF-4E10-8DF7-D3DF7C6F3229/0/CALL_EN.PDF ACCESSDATE=20 JUNE 2016, {{dead linkbot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}FedEx Express > Almaty International Airport, Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport>Anchorage, Indira Gandhi International Airport, Ninoy Aquino International Airport>Manila, Memphis International Airport, Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Incheon International Airport, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport>Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–NaritaHong Kong Airlines}} > Suvarnabhumi Airport, Shahjalal International Airport>Dhaka, Noi Bai International Airport, Kansai International Airport>Osaka–Kansai, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Nanning Wuxu International Airport>Nanning, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Singapore Changi Airport>Singapore, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport>Xiamen, Zhengzhou Xinzheng International AirportHTTP://WWW.HKAIRLINESCARGO.COM/ENG/CARGOSCHEDULEORIGINAL!INITSEARCH.ACTIONACCESSDATE=10 MAY 2015, IAG Cargo{{nowrap>operated by Qatar Airways}} > London–StanstedBritish Airways axes B747-8(F) contract with Atlas Air. ch-aviation.com. Retrieved on 16 May 2014.KLM Cargo > Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Chennai International Airport>Chennai, Al Maktoum International Airport, Kuwait International Airport>Kuwait, MumbaiKorean Air Cargo > Seoul–IncheonK-Mile Air > Suvarnabhumi Airport, Udon Thani Airport>Udon ThaniFLIGHTRADAR24 >URL=HTTPS://WWW.FLIGHTRADAR24.COM/DATA/FLIGHTS/8K525 PUBLISHER=FLIGHTRADAR24 ACCESSDATE=2018-10-19, Lufthansa Cargo > Almaty International Airport, Bahrain International Airport>Bahrain, Frankfurt Airport, Leipzig/Halle Airport>Leipzig/HalleMASkargo > Suvarnabhumi Airport,HTTPS://WWW.ROUTESONLINE.COM/NEWS/38/AIRLINEROUTE/279258/MASKARGO-ADDS-NEW-INTRA-ASIA-ROUTING-IN-S18/Kuala Lumpur International Airport>Kuala Lumpur–International, Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Penang International Airport>PenangNippon Cargo Airlines > Kansai International Airport, Narita International Airport>Tokyo–NaritaQantas FreightHTTP://WWW.QANTAS.COM.AU/QFREIGHT/QFE/HOME/AU/EN#FLIGHT_INFORMATIONACCESSDATE=10 MAY 2015, Auckland Airport>Auckland, Cairns Airport, Sydney Airport>SydneyQatar Airways>Qatar Airways Cargo Hamad International Airport>Doha, Tehran–Imam KhomeiniSaudia Cargo > King Fahd International Airport, King Abdulaziz International Airport>Jeddah, Cochin International Airport, King Khalid International Airport>Riyadh, ThiruvananthapuramSF Airlines > Ningbo Lishe International Airport, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport>XiamenHTTP://NEWS.CARNOC.COM/LIST/235/235312.HTML >SCRIPT-TITLE=ZH:顺丰开通厦门—香港—宁波—香港—厦门航线 DATE= LANGUAGE=ZH-HANS, Silk Way Airlines > BakuSingapore Airlines CargoHTTP://WWW.SIACARGO.COM/FPSEARCH.ASPX ACCESSDATE=10 MAY 2015 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130517195359/HTTP://WWW.SIACARGO.COM/FPSEARCH.ASPX DF=DMY-ALL, Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport>Anchorage, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Sharjah International Airport>Sharjah, SingaporeSpicejet>SpiceXpress Guwahati Airport>GuwahatiSpicejet expands freighter operations to Hong Kong{{dead link|date=August 2019}}Suparna Airlines > Shuangliu International Airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport>Hangzhou, Qingdao Liuting International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin Binhai International Airport, Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport>ZhengzhouTransmile Air Services > Senai International Airport, Kuala Lumpur International Airport>Kuala Lumpur–International, SubangTri-MG Intra Asia Airlines}} Mactan-Cebu International Airport>Cebu, ClarkTurkish Airlines Cargo > Almaty International Airport, Manas International Airport>Bishkek, Indira Gandhi International Airport, Istanbul–AtatürkTurkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule {{webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130604104217weblink |date=4 June 2013 }}Kuzu Airlines Cargo>ULS Cargo Suvarnabhumi Airport>Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Chubu International Airport>Nagoya–Centrair, Kansai International Airport, Penang International Airport>Penang, Incheon International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport>Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore Changi Airport, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport>Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–NaritaUPS Airlines > Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Clark International Airport>Clark, Cologne Bonn Airport, Dubai International Airport>Dubai–International, Honolulu International Airport, Louisville International Airport>Louisville, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Ontario International Airport>Ontario, Kansai International Airport, Philadelphia International Airport>Philadelphia, New Chitose Airport, Incheon International Airport>Seoul–Incheon, Singapore Changi Airport, Sydney Airport>Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan}}

Statistics

File:HKG Tower and HKG trader (9405184333).jpg|thumb|left|The airport control tower and a taxiing Cathay Pacific CargoCathay Pacific Cargo{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="float:right; width:25%; margin:0 0 1em 1em; background:#f9f9f9; border:1px #aaa solid; border-collapse:collapse; font-size:90%;"! style="text-align:center; background:#8CD1C4;" colspan="4"|Operations and StatisticsWEB,weblink Facts and Figures, HKIA at a Glance, Hong Kong International Airport, en, 2019-07-20, WEB, Facts and Figures,weblink Hong Kong International Airport, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 21 November 2011, WEB, Air Traffic Statistics,weblink Hong Kong International Airport, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 21 November 2011, WEB,weblink Passenger traffic surges at Hong Kong International Airport in 2013, TheMoodieReport.com, 3 March 2014, colspan="4" style="background:lightgrey;"!Year!Passengermovements!Airfreightmovements (tonnes)!Aircraftmovement|1998|28,631,000|1,628,700|163,200|1999|30,394,000|1,974,300|167,400|2000|33,374,000|2,240,600|181,900|2001|33,065,000|2,074,300|196,800|2002|34,313,000|1,637,797|206,700|2003|27,433,000|2,642,100|187,500|2004|37,142,000|3,093,900|237,300|2005|40,740,000|3,402,000|263,500|2006|44,443,000|3,580,000|280,000|2007|47,783,000|3,742,000|295,580|2008|48,582,000|3,627,000|301,000|2009|45,499,604|3,440,581|273,505|2010|50,410,819|4,112,416|306,535|2011|53,909,000|3,939,000|333,760|2012|56,057,751|4,062,261|352,000|2013|59,913,000|4,122,000|372,040|2014|63,367,000|4,376,000|390,955|2015|68,488,000|4,380,000|406,000|2016|70,502,000|4,521,000|411,530|2017|72,866,000|4,937,000|421,000|2018|74,672,000|5,121,000|428,000|2019 H1|37,835,000|2,294,000|213,000! colspan="4" style="background:#8CD1C4;"|Capacity! colspan=3|Passenger (current)|70,502,000! colspan=3|Passenger (ultimate)|70,000,000!colspan=3|Cargo (current)|4.5m tons!colspan=3|Cargo (ultimate)|7.4m tons!colspan=3|Apron (current)|96! colspan="4" style="background:#8CD1C4;"|Number of destinations!colspan=3|Mainland China, Taiwan, and International (air)|154!colspan=3|Mainland China and Macao (water)|6File:HKG tower view of runway.jpg|thumb|left|The view of the airport from the control tower, with an EVA AirEVA Air(File:Inside the Airport Control Tower.jpg|thumb|left|The interior of the airport control tower)

Operations

The airport is operated by the Airport Authority Hong Kong, a statutory body wholly owned by the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.WEB, Introduction,weblink Hong Kong International Airport, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 21 November 2011, The airport has two parallel runways, both of which are {{convert|3800|m|ft}} in length and {{convert|60|m|ft}} wide. The south runway has a Category II Precision Approach, while the north runway has the higher Category IIIA rating, which allows pilots to land in only {{convert|200|m|ft|adj = on}} visibility. The two runways have a capacity of over 60 aircraft movements an hour. The Airport is upgrading ATC and runways so that they can handle 68 movements per hour. Normally, the north runway (07L/25R) is used for landing passenger planes. The south runway (07R/25L) is used for passenger planes taking off and cargo flights due to its proximity to the cargo terminal.There are 49 frontal stands at the main passenger concourse, 28 remote stands and 25 cargo stands. There are also five parking bays at the Northwest Concourse. A satellite concourse with 10 frontal stands for narrow body aircraft has been commissioned to the north of the main concourse at the end of 2009, bringing the total number of frontal stands at the airport to 59.The airport was the busiest for passenger traffic in Asia in 2010, and the world's busiest airport for cargo traffic in 2010. In terms of international traffic, the airport is the third busiest for passenger traffic and the busiest for cargo since its operation in 1998. There are over 95 international airlines providing about 900 scheduled passenger and all-cargo flights each day between Hong Kong and some 160 destinations worldwide. About 76 percent of these flights are operated with wide-body jets. There is also an average of approximately 31 non-scheduled passenger and cargo flights each week.WEB,weblink Our Business – The Airport – Welcome to HKIA – Hong Kong International Airport, Airport Authority Hong Kong, The operation of scheduled air services to and from Hong Kong is facilitated by air services agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Since the opening of HKIA, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government has implemented a policy of progressive liberalisation of air services. Many low-cost airlines have started various regional routes to compete head-on with full-service carriers on trunk routes.WEB, Vision and Missions,weblink Hong Kong International Airport, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 21 November 2011, The airport's long term expansion opportunities are subject to variables. An HKD 80 billion proposal to build a third runway has been under feasibility study and consultation but would be very expensive as it would involve additional reclamation from deep waters, and the building cost of the third runway may be as high as the building cost of the entire airport. On the other hand, there exists only one airway between Hong Kong and mainland China, and this single route is often and easily backed up causing delays on both sides. In addition, China requires that aircraft flying the single air route between Hong Kong and the mainland must be at an altitude of at least 15,000 feet. Talks are underway to persuade the Chinese military to relax its airspace restriction in view of worsening air traffic congestion at the airport. Other than that, Hong Kong Airport Authority is co-operating with other airports in the area to relieve air traffic and in the future, Shenzhen may act as a regional airport while Hong Kong receives all the international flights.WEB, Publications,weblink Hong Kong International Airport, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 21 November 2011,

Air traffic

The Government Flying Service provides short and long range search and rescue services, police support, medical evacuation and general purpose flights for the Government.

Passenger facilities

Despite its size, the passenger terminal was designed for convenience. The layout and signage, moving walkways and the automated people mover help passengers move through the building. The HKIA Automated People Mover, a driverless people mover system with 3 stations transports passengers between the check-in area and the gates. The trains travel at {{convert|62|km/h|mph}}. The airport also boasts an IMAX theatre that has the largest screen in Hong Kong. The theatre is located in Terminal 2, level 6 and can seat 350 persons at a time.WEB,weblink Hong Kong International Aviation Hub, travelsites33, 19 April 2015, Flight Hub Reviews, 10 May 2015,

Hong Kong Business Aviation Centre

(File:HKIA Business Aviation Centre.jpg|thumb|300px|Hong Kong Business Aviation Centre)The Hong Kong Business Aviation Centre (BAC) is located within the airport and has its own terminal and facilities separate from the public terminal. It provides services for executive aircraft and passengers, including a passenger lounge, private rooms and showers, business centre facilities, ground handling, baggage handling, fuelling, security, customs and flight planning. Designated spaces and hangars are also provided at the BAC for private aircraft.

Intermodal transportation hub

To sustain the growth of passengers, the Airport Authority formulated a "push and pull through" strategy to expand its connections to new sources of passengers and cargo. This means adapting the network to the rapidly growing markets in China and in particular to the Pearl River Delta region (PRD). In 2003, a new Airport-Mainland Coach Station opened. The coach station has a {{convert|230|m2|sqft|adj = on}} waiting lounge and sheltered bays for ten coaches. Many buses operate each day to transport passengers between HKIA and major cities in the Mainland.Transport to Guangdong {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060318141546weblink |date=18 March 2006 }}The Coach Station was relocated to the ground floor (level 3) of Terminal 2 in 2007. The 36 bays at the new Coach Station allow cross-border coaches to make 320 trips a day carrying passengers between the airport and 90 cities and towns in the PRD. Local tour and hotel coaches also operate from T2. The coach station at T2 has shops and waiting lounges as well as a mainland coach service centre which gathers all operators together.WEB,weblink Our Business – The Airport – Welcome to HKIA – Hong Kong International Airport, Hongkongairport.com, 7 May 2011, In late September 2003, the SkyPier high-speed ferry terminal opened. Passengers arriving at the SkyPier board buses to the terminal and arriving air passengers board ferries at the pier for their ride back to the PRD. Passengers travelling both directions can bypass custom and immigration formalities, which reduces transit time. Four ports – Shekou, Shenzhen, Macau and Humen (Dongguan) – were initially served. As of August 2007, SkyPier serves Shenzhen's Shekou and Fuyong, Dongguan's Humen, Macau, Zhongshan and Zhuhai. Passengers travelling from Shekou and Macau can complete airline check-in procedures with participating airlines before boarding the ferries and go straight to the boarding gate for the flight at HKIA.In 2009, the permanent SkyPier Terminal opened.WEB,weblink New Skypier will improve delta connections, 23 Dec 2006, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-05-23, The permanent ferry terminal is equipped with four berths, but the terminal is designed to accommodate eight berths. Transfer desks and baggage handling facilities are included, and the terminal is directly connected to the airport automatic people mover system.(File:HK Airport Terminal 1.jpg|thumb|800px|center|Terminal 1)(File:VHHH baggage claim area.jpg|thumb|center|800px|Baggage Reclaim Hall)

Baggage and cargo facilities

(File:Super Terminal01.jpg|thumb|SuperTerminal 1)(File:Asia Airfreight Terminal.jpg|thumb|Asia Airfreight Terminal)(File:DHL HKIA.jpg|thumb|DHL Central Asia Hub)Ramp handling services are provided by Hong Kong Airport Services Limited (HAS), Jardine Air Terminal Services Limited and SATS HK Limited. Their services include the handling of mail and passenger baggage, transportation of cargo, aerobridge operations and the operation of passenger stairways. The airport has an advanced baggage handling system (BHS), the main section of which is located in the basement level of the passenger terminal, and a separate remote transfer facility at the western end of the main concourse for the handling of tight connection transfer bags.HKIA handles over five million tonnes of cargo annually.Air Cargo – HKIA {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060318195727weblink |date=18 March 2006 }} Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminals Limited operates one of the two air cargo terminals at the airport. Its headquarters, the {{convert|328000|m2|sqft|adj = on}} SuperTerminal 1,WEB,weblink SuperTerminal 1, Hactl.com, 7 May 2011, is the world's second largest stand-alone air cargo handling facility, after the opening of the West Cargo Handling Area of the Shanghai Pudong International Airport on 26 March 2008. The designed capacity is 2.6 million tonnes of freight a year. The second air cargo terminal is operated by Asia Airfreight Terminal Company Limited, and has a capacity of 1.5 million tonnes a year.WEB,weblink Asia Airfreight Terminal – Our Terminal, Aat.com.hk, 7 May 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101204223733weblink">weblink 4 December 2010, dmy-all, DHL operates the DHL Central Asia Hub cargo facility which handles 35,000 parcels and 40,000 packages per hour. Hongkong Post operates the Air Mail Centre (AMC) and processes 700,000 packages per day. It is envisaged that HKIA's total air cargo capacity per annum will reach nine million tonnes ultimately.WEB,weblink Hong Kong Fact Sheets – Civil Aviation, 7 May 2011,

Aircraft maintenance services

Both line and base maintenance services are undertaken by Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Company (HAECO), while China Aircraft Services Limited (CASL) and Pan Asia Pacific Aviation Services Limited carry out line maintenance. Line maintenance services include routine servicing of aircraft performed during normal turnaround periods and regularly scheduled layover periods. Base maintenance covers all airframe maintenance services and for this HAECO has a three-bay hangar, which can accommodate up to three Boeing 747-400 aircraft and two Airbus A320 aircraft, and an adjoining support workshop. {{Citation needed|date=May 2017}} HAECO also has the world's largest mobile hangar, weighing over 400 tons. {{Citation needed|date=May 2017}} It can be used to enclose half of a wide-body aeroplane so that the whole facility can fully enclose four 747s when the mobile hangar is used.On 29 May 2009, CASL opened its first aircraft maintenance hangar in the maintenance area of the airport. The new hangar occupies an area of about {{convert|10000|m2|sqft}} and can accommodate one wide-body and one narrow-body aircraft at the same time; the hangar also has an about {{convert|10000|m2|sqft|adj = on}} area in its annexe building. CASL specialises in Airbus A320 family and Boeing 737 Next Generation series heavy maintenance.WEB,weblink CASL, 10 May 2015,

Airport based ground services

The Air Traffic Control Complex (ATCX), located at the centre of the airfield, is the nerve centre of the entire air traffic control system. Some 370 air traffic controllers and supporting staff work around the clock to provide air traffic control services for the Hong Kong Flight Information Region (FIR). At the Air Traffic Control Tower, controllers provide 24-hour aerodrome control services to aircraft operating at the airport. A backup Air Traffic Control Centre/Tower constructed to the north of the ATCX is available for operational use in the event normal services provided in the ATCX are disrupted by unforeseen circumstances. Apart from serving as an operational backup, the facilities are also used for air traffic control training.The Airport Meteorological Office (AMO) of the Hong Kong Observatory (HKO) provides weather services for the aviation community. The AMO issues alerts of low-level windshear and turbulence. Windshear detection is made using traditional doppler weather radars as well as the more effective doppler LIDAR, of which Hong Kong International Airport was the first to introduce. Doppler LIDAR systems use lasers to detect windshear and wind direction even when atmospheric conditions are too dry for Doppler radar to work.

Fire and rescue services

Rescue and fire fighting services within the airport are covered by the Airport Fire Contingent of the Hong Kong Fire Services Department. The contingent has 282 members, operating two fire stations and two rescue berths for 24-hour emergency calls. It is equipped with 14 fire appliances which can respond to incidents within two minutes in optimum conditions of visibility and surface conditions, satisfying the relevant recommendation of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Two high capacity rescue boats, supported by eight speed boats, form the core of sea rescue operations. Two ambulances are also assigned at each of the airport fire stations.

Ground transport

The airport is connected to inner Hong Kong by the North Lantau Highway on Lantau Island.There is an automated people mover, operated by the Airport Authority and maintained by MTR Corporation, connecting the East Hall to the Midfield Concourse via West Hall and Terminal 2. It was extended to SkyPier in late 2009 and extended to Midfield Concourse in 2015.

Bus

(File:HKairport t2 01.JPG|thumb|Cross-boundary coach bus terminal located in terminal 2)Citybus, New Lantau Bus, Long Win Bus and Discovery Bay Transit Services operate 25 bus routes to the airport from various parts of Hong Kong, available at the Airport Ground Transportation Centre and Cheong Tat Road. The bus companies also offer 10 overnight "N" services.WEB,weblink Public Buses, 2009, Airport Authority Hong Kong, 26 March 2009, Note that I have included Discovery Bay services as per the schedule at weblinkPassengers can also take the S1 CitybusWEB,weblink S1 Bus, Chow Tai Fook Enterprises, 2009, 7 November 2009, to the Tung Chung MTR Station. From there they can board the MTR Tung Chung line which follows the same route as the MTR Airport Express to Central with cheaper fare but longer journey time.There is bus service to Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge. Coach services are also available to major cities and towns in Guangdong Province, such as Dongguan, Guangzhou and Shenzhen." Mainland Coaches." Hong Kong International Airport. Retrieved on May 8, 2018.

Ferry

(File:SkyPier 201111.JPG|thumb|Skypier)Direct ferry services are available from the airport to various destinations throughout the Pearl River Delta via Skypier. Passengers using these services are treated as transit passengers and are not considered to have entered Hong Kong for immigration purposes. For this reason, access to the ferry terminal is before immigration in the airport for arriving passengers. Check-in services are available at these piers. Four ports – Shekou, Shenzhen Airport (Fuyong), Macau and Humen (Dongguan) – were initially served, extending to Guangzhou and Zhongshan at the end of 2003. The Zhuhai service began on 10 July 2007 while a Nansha service started on 14 July 2009.WEB,weblink New Ferry Service between HKIA and Nansha Port Commences, Hongkongairport.com, 14 July 2009, 7 May 2011,

Rail

File:MTR-Airport-Express-Line.jpg|thumb|Airport Express connecting between the airport and the central business district of Central.]]File:Airport MTR Station, Mar 06.JPG|thumb|Airport Express – Airport station ]]The fastest service from the city to the airport is the Airport Express, a dedicated high-speed rail link as part of the MTR rapid transit network. The line makes intermediate stops at Tsing Yi Island, West Kowloon, and terminates at Hong Kong Station at the northern coast of Central and Western District on Hong Kong Island. It takes approximately 24 minutes to reach the airport from Hong Kong station.WEB,weblink Hong Kong Airport Transportation Information, Discoverhongkong.com, 7 May 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110518071423weblink">weblink 18 May 2011, dmy-all, MTR offers free shuttle bus services between Airport Express stations and hotels in the area, and free transfers are available to and from other MTR lines with a valid Octopus card which is not available to Single Ride Ticket users. Both Hong Kong and Kowloon stations provide in-town check-in services for major airlines.The Airport Express line originally terminated at Airport station, where trains open doors on both sides, allowing direct access to either Terminal 1 or Terminal 2. It was later extended to AsiaWorld–Expo Station on 20 December 2005 to facilitate the opening of the nearby AsiaWorld-Expo. During events at the station some Tung Chung Line trains, which largely share the same tracks as the Airport Express, serve this station instead of Tung Chung, but these trains do not stop by Airport Station.(File:Hong Kong Railway for Lantau Island Map.svg|center|600px)

Taxi

The airport is served by all three different types of taxi, distinguished by their colour:

Accidents and incidents

(File:HK airport sit-in protest 20190726.jpg|left|300px|thumb|A sit-in at the airport on 26 July 2019.)The following are events at the current HKIA (see accidents and incidents at the former HKIA at Kai Tak):
  • During the 2019 Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests, there were two protests in the airport on 26 JulyWEB,weblink Protesters flood Hong Kong airport to show visitors pro-democracy movement - National {{!, Globalnews.ca|date=2019-07-26|website=globalnews.ca|language=en|access-date=2019-08-13}} and 9-11 August.WEB,weblink Hundreds of protesters occupy Hong Kong airport for second day, 2019-08-10, South China Morning Post, en, 2019-08-13, The latter protest caused disruptions and flights were cancelled.THESIS, An analysis of Macau International Airport as a supplementary freight runway for the Hong Kong International Airport,weblink The University of Hong Kong Libraries, Man-lai, Ng, On Monday and Tuesday, August 12-13, authorities cancelled all departures and arriving flights after thousands of pro-democracy protestors massed at the airport.NEWS,weblink Hong Kong airport shutdown: What it means for business and the economy, Business, Jill Disis, Sherisse Pham and Laura He, CNN, CNN, 2019-08-13, Following the clash between protesters and police on the 31 August protest, a planned protest near the Hong Kong International Airport was held. Protesters aimed to paralyse the airport by blocking roads and filling bus terminus. The Airport Authority had previously obtained a court injunction allowing only ticketed passengers and airport staff to enter.WEB,weblink Hong Kong Protesters Squeeze Access to the Airport, Austin, Ramsy, New York Times, September 1, 2019, September 1, 2019, Protesters set up roadblocks and riot police arrived and dispersed some of the protesters.NEWS, Kuo, Lily, Hong Kong: thousands of protesters clash with police at airport,weblink The Guardian, 1 September 2019, Some protesters trespassed onto the tracks of the Airport Express line, causing railway operator MTR to cancel its service. Protesters later retreated to Tung Chung.

Accolades

{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"! Year !! style="width:300px;"|Award !! style="width:330px;"|Category !! Results !! RefAirport Service Quality Awardsby Airports Council International rowspan=23rd "ASQ Award for winners for 2008" Airports Council International. Retrieved 13 April 20122009 rowspan=3|"ACI Airport Service Quality Awards 2009, Asia Pacific airports sweep top places in worldwide awards" Airports Council International. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2012| Best Airport in Asia-Pacific| {{won}}Best Airport Worldwide 3rd "ASQ Award for winners for 2010" Airports Council International. Retrieved 13 April 2012"World's best airports announced – Asia dominates" {{Webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120409094434weblink |date=9 April 2012 }} CNN Go. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012

See also

References

{{reflist|30em}}

External links

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