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Hermunduri
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- Roman Empire 125.png -
The Roman empire under Hadrian (ruled 117-38), showing the location of the Hermunduri Germans in SW Germany
The Hermunduri, Hermanduri, Hermunduli, Hermonduri, or Hermonduli were an ancient Germanic tribe, who occupied an area near the Elbe river, around what is now Thuringia, Bohemia, Saxony (in East Germany), and Franconia in northern Bavaria, from the first to the third century. At times, they apparently moved to the Danube frontier with Rome. The Thuringii may have been the descendants of the Hermunduri. Claudius Ptolemy mentions neither tribe in his geography but instead the Teuriochaemae, who may also be connected to both.

History

Strabo treats the Hermunduri as a nomadic Suebian people, living east of the Elbe.Cassius Dio first reports that in the year 1 AD, a Roman named Domitius (possibly Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul 16 BC)), "while still governing the districts along the Ister [Danube], had intercepted the Hermunduri, a tribe which for some reason or other had left their own land and were wandering about in quest of another, and he had settled them in a part of the Marcomannian territory".Pliny the elder, in his Historia Naturalis, lists the Hermunduri as one of the nations of the Hermiones, all descended from the same line of descent from Mannus. In the same category he places the Chatti, Cherusci, and Suebi.In his Germania, Tacitus describes the Hermunduri after listing some of the Suebian nations, placing them near the Danube, and the sources of the Elbe:::—Tac. Ger. 41In his Annales, Tacitus recounts how the Hermundurian Vibilius in 18 AD led the overthrow of the Marcomannic king Catualda in favor of the Quadian Vannius.Tacitus. (wikisource:The Annals (Tacitus)/Book 2#63|The Annals.2.63) Around 50 AD, allied with Vannius' nephews Vangio and Sido and allied Lugii, Vibilius led the deposition of Vannius as well. In 58 AD the Hermunduri defeated the Chatti in a border dispute over a religiously significant river.The Hermunduri shared a disputed border with the Chatti, along a river with salt reserves near it, possibly the Werra or the Saxon Saale. The Hermunduri won this conflict.When Marcus Aurelius died in 180 AD, he was involved in conflict with an alliance of the Marcomanni, the Hermunduri, the Sarmatians, and the Quadi.Some have suggested that the remnants of the Hermanduri went on to become the Thuringii, arguing that (-duri) could represent corrupted (-thuri) and the Germanic suffix -ing, suggests a meaning of "descendants of (the [Herman]duri)".Schutz, 402.

Kings of the Hermunduri

  • Vibilius, c. 18 - c. 50Tac. Ann. 2.63; 12.29

See also

References

BOOK,weblink Cassius Dio, Cassius Dio{{font > size = 75%, Lacus Curtius, | editor = | title = Roman History size = 90% | text = Book LV}}| location = | publisher = Loeb Classical Library| year = 1917| origyear = }} BOOK,weblink Pliny the Elder, Pliny the Elder, The Natural History, John Bostock, H T Riley, Perseus Digital Library, Complete Works of Tacitus, Taylor and Francis, London, Chapter 28 – Germany, 1855, c.77–79 CE, BOOK,weblink Cornelius Tacitus, Tacitus, Germany and its Tribes, Alfred John Church, William Jackson Brodribb & Lisa Cerrato, Perseus Digital Library, Complete Works of Tacitus size=90%, Chapter 41, | year = 1942| publisher = Random House| location = New York| origyear = c.98 CE| ref = Tac_Ger_41}}BOOK,weblink Cornelius Tacitus, Tacitus, The Annals, Alfred John Church, William Jackson Brodribb & Lisa Cerrato, Perseus Digital Library, Complete Works of Tacitus, Random House, New Yorksize=90%, Chapter 29, | year = 1942| origyear = c.117 CE}} BOOK,weblink Cornelius Tacitus, Tacitus, The Annals, Alfred John Church, William Jackson Brodribb & Lisa Cerrato, Perseus Digital Library, Complete Works of Tacitus, Random House, New Yorksize=90%, Chapter 57, | year = 1942| origyear = c.117 CE}} BOOK,weblink ? "Julius Capitolinus", {{font > size = 75%, Lacus Curtius, | editor = | work = Augustan History size = 90% | text = Part 2 chapter 27}}| volume = Vol I | location = | publisher = Loeb Classical Library| year = 1921| origyear = c.395 CE}}}}

Sources

  • Tacitus, (wikisource:GermaniaXLI|Germania.XLI)
{{Germanic peoples|state=collapsed}}

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