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Henry Hyde

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Henry Hyde
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|term_start3 = January 3, 1975|term_end3 = January 3, 2007|predecessor3 = Harold R. Collier|successor3 = Peter Roskam|birth_name = Henry John Hyde192418}}|birth_place = Chicago, Illinois, U.S.{{death date and age11192418}}}}|death_place = Chicago, Illinois, U.S.Democratic Party (United States)>Democratic (before 1952)Republican (1952–2007)Jeanne Simpson1992|end=died}}Judy Wolverton|children = 4Duke UniversityGeorgetown University (Bachelor of Arts>BA)Loyola University Chicago (JD)United States}}United States Navy}}|serviceyears = 1944–196815px) Commander|unit = United States Navy Reserve}}Henry John Hyde (April 18, 1924 – November 29, 2007) was an American politician who served as a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 2007, representing the 6th District of Illinois, an area of Chicago's northwestern suburbs. He chaired the Judiciary Committee from 1995 to 2001, and the House International Relations Committee from 2001 to 2007.

Early life

{{Refimprove section|date=July 2013}}Hyde was born in Chicago, the son of Monica (Kelly) and Henry Clay Hyde.WEB,weblink American National Biography Online: Hyde, Henry John, His father was English and his mother was Irish Catholic. His family supported the Democratic Party. He attended Duke University, where he joined the Sigma Chi Fraternity, graduated from Georgetown University and obtained his law degree from Loyola University. Hyde played basketball for the Georgetown Hoyas where he helped take the team to the 1943 championship game.NEWS,weblink Georgetown Mourns Death of Henry Hyde, The Hoya, December 4, 2007, Caitlin McDevitt, Max Sarinsky, He served in the Navy during World War II. He remained in the Naval Reserve from 1946 to 1968, as an officer in charge of the U.S. Naval Intelligence Reserve Unit in Chicago. He retired at the rank of Commander. In 1955, Hyde joined the Knights of Columbus, and was a member of Father McDonald Council 1911 in Elmhurst, Illinois.WEB,weblink Knights of Columbus, "FEW IN PUBLIC LIFE HAVE SERVED AS WELL," SUPREME KNIGHT SAYS., November 29, 2007, January 23, 2017, He was married to Jeanne Simpson Hyde from 1947 until her death in 1992; he had four children and four grandchildren.WEB,weblink Official biography, 2013-02-01, bot: unknown,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20030207111828weblink">weblink February 7, 2003, at Hyde's congressional site

Political career

Hyde's political views began drifting rightward after his collegiate years. By 1952, he had become a Republican and supported Dwight Eisenhower for president. He made his first run for Congress in 1962, losing to Democratic incumbent Roman Pucinski in the 11th District.Hyde was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1967 and served as Majority Leader from 1971 to 1972. He served in the Illinois House until 1974, when he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in November, 1974 as one of the few bright spots in what was a disastrous year for Republicans in the wake of the Watergate scandal. He faced a bruising contest against former Cook County state's attorney Edward Hanrahan, but was elected by 8,000 votes.

Political positions and legislation

Hyde was one of the most vocal and persistent opponents of abortion in American politics and was the chief sponsor of the Hyde Amendment to the House Appropriations bill that prohibited use of federal funds to pay for elective abortions through Medicaid. In 1981, however, he and U.S. Senator Jake Garn of Utah, another pro-life stalwart, broke with the National Pro-Life Political Action Committee, when its executive director, Peter Gemma, issued a "hit list" to target pro-choice members of both houses of Congress. Hyde said such lists are counterproductive because they create irrevocable discord among legislators, any of whom can be subject to a "single issue" attack of this kind. Gemma said he was surprised by the withdrawal of Garn and Hyde from the PAC committee but continued with plans to spend $650,000 for the 1982 elections on behalf of anti-abortion candidates.NEWS,weblink The Nation: Congressmen; Draw the Line at; New 'Hit List', June 7, 1981, The New York Times, May 23, 2016, In 1993 the 1976 Hyde Amendment law was amended to allow payments for abortions in case of rape, incest, or to save the life of the mother.WEB,weblink EBSCOhost Login, search.ebscohost.com, 2019-02-02, An original sponsor of the Brady Bill requiring background checks for gun buyers, Hyde broke with his party in 1994 when he supported a ban on the sale of semi-automatic firearms. An original sponsor of family leave legislation, Hyde said the law promoted "capitalism with a human face."He was also involved in debates over U.S.-Soviet relations, Central America policy, the War Powers Act, NATO expansion and the investigation of the Iran-Contra affair, and sponsored the United Nations Reform Act of 2005,H.R. 2745 Thomas a bill that ties payment of U.S. dues for United Nations operations to reform of the institution's management.

House committees

Hyde was a member of the House Judiciary Committee for his entire tenure in the House. He was its chairman from 1995 until 2001, during which time he served as the lead House "manager" during the President Clinton impeachment trial.From 1985 until 1991, Hyde was the ranking Republican on the House Select Committee on Intelligence. Hyde and the Committee's senior Democrat, U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos (D-CA), authored America's worldwide response to the HIV/AIDS crisis in 2003 and landmark foreign assistance legislation creating the Millennium Challenge Corporation and expanding U.S. funding for successful microenterprise initiatives.

Savings and Loan scandal

In 1981, after leaving the House Banking Committee, Hyde went on the board of directors of Clyde Federal Savings and Loan, whose chairman was one of Hyde's political contributors. According to Salon.com, from 1982 until he left the board in 1984, Hyde used his position on the board of directors to promote the savings and loan's investment in risky financial options. In 1990, the federal government put Clyde in receivership, and paid $67 million to cover insured deposits. In 1993, the Resolution Trust Corporation sued Hyde and other directors for $17.2 million. Four years later, before pretrial investigation and depositions, the government settled with the defendants for $850,000 and made an arrangement exempting Hyde from paying anything. According to Salon.com, Hyde was the only member of the congress sued for "gross negligence" in an S&L failure.Moberg, David. "The real Henry Hyde scandal {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071202085208weblink |date=2007-12-02 }}", Salon.com, June 7, 1999

Iran–Contra investigation

As a member of the congressional panel investigating the Iran-Contra affair, Hyde vigorously defended the Ronald Reagan administration, and a number of the participants who had been accused of various crimes, particularly Oliver North.NEWS,weblink New York Times, Republicans on Iran-Contra panel at odds over best tactics to use, Fox Butterfield, 1987-05-26, Quoting Thomas Jefferson, Hyde argued that although various individuals had lied in testimony before Congress, their actions were excusable because they were in support of the goal of fighting communism.NEWS, Los Angeles Times,weblink Hyde View on Lying Is Back Haunting Him, David G. Savage, 1998-12-04,

Clinton impeachment

File:Henry Hyde at a hearing on special counsel Ken Starr's investigation.jpg|thumb|right|Hyde at a hearing on special counsel Ken Starr's investigation of President Bill Clinton's relationship with Monica LewinskyMonica LewinskyHyde argued that the House had a constitutional and civic duty to impeach Bill Clinton for perjury. In the Resolution on Impeachment of the President, Hyde wrote:Hyde, Henry."Statement of The Honorable Henry J. Hyde" {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110517141350weblink |date=2011-05-17 }}, December 18, 1998Clinton was impeached by the House on two charges: perjury and obstruction of justice. Hyde served as chief prosecutor at the President's trial in the Senate; he became known for his remarks in his closing argument:Despite Hyde's efforts, President Clinton was acquitted of both perjury and obstruction of justice. With a two-thirds majority required for conviction, only 45 senators voted for conviction on the perjury charge and only 50 on the obstruction of justice charge.WEB
, Senate LIS
, U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 106th Congress – 1st Session: vote number 18 – Guilty or Not Guilty (Art II, Articles of Impeachment v. President W. J. Clinton )
, United States Senate
, February 12, 1999
,weblink
, April 20, 2010
,

Extramarital affair

While Hyde was spearheading the impeachment of President Bill Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky affair, it was revealed that Hyde himself had conducted an extramarital sexual affair with Cherie Snodgrass who was also married. Hyde admitted to the affair and attributed the relationship as a mere "youthful indiscretion". He was 41 years old and married when the affair occurred. Hyde said the affair ended when Snodgrass' husband confronted Mrs. Hyde. At the time, Snodgrass was also married and had three children.weblinkThe Snodgrasses divorced in 1967. The Hydes reconciled and remained married until Mrs. Hyde's death in 1992.Talbot, David. Salon.com (18 September 1998). WEB,weblink This hypocrite broke up my family, 2014-12-09, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20000511115508weblink">weblink May 11, 2000,

9/11 and the Iraq War

As chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, Hyde was involved in some of the highest level debates concerning the response to the September 11 attacks in 2001. In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks, Hyde cautioned against attacking Iraq in the absence of clear evidence of Iraqi complicity, telling CNN's Robert Novak that it "would be a big mistake."Jeffrey, Terence P. "Do we need a war with Iraq?" Human Events, October 29, 2001 One year later, however, he voted in support of the October 10, 2002 House resolution that authorized the president to go to war with Iraq. In response to Rep. Ron Paul's resolution requesting a formal declaration of war, Hyde stated: "There are things in the Constitution that have been overtaken by events, by time. Declaration of war is one of them. ... Inappropriate, anachronistic, it isn't done anymore."WEB,weblink An Evening With Dr. Ron Paul, 2007-06-13, Steven Yates, 2004-04-07, Lew Rockwell, In 2006, Hyde made the following observation in regard to the Bush Administration's proclaimed objective of promoting democracy in the Middle East:

Retirement

Hyde was reelected 15 times with no substantive opposition. This was mainly because, over time, his district was pushed further into DuPage County, a longstanding bastion of suburban Republicanism. However, by the turn of the century, the demographics of his district shifted, leading his 2004 Democratic challenger Christine Cegelis to garner over 44% of the vote—Hyde's closest race since his initial run for the seat. On April 18, 2005 (his 81st birthday), Hyde announced on his website that he would retire at the expiration of his term (in January 2007).WEB,weblink Rep. Henry Hyde announces retirement, 19 April 2005, A few days earlier, it had been reported that Illinois Republicans were expecting this announcement, and it was further reported that Illinois State Senator Peter Roskam had emerged as a leading contender for the Republican Party's nomination. In August 2005, Hyde endorsed Roskam as his successor.WEB,weblink Hyde endorses Roskam,

Order of St. Gregory

Hyde was named a Papal Knight of the Order of St. Gregory the Great by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006, in recognition of his longtime support for political issues important to the Roman Catholic Church.

Presidential Medal of Freedom

Hyde received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, on November 5, 2007.WEB, Citations Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom,weblink Nov 5, 2007, March 11, 2013, Hyde was hospitalized, recovering from open-heart surgery, and could not attend the ceremony in person.

Death

Hyde died November 29, 2007 at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago following complications from open heart surgery at Provena Mercy Medical Center in Aurora, Illinois several months earlier. He was survived by his second wife, Judy Wolverton, and by his four children from his first marriage, to Jeanne Simpson Hyde.{{Find a Grave|23157784|Henry John Hyde}}

See also

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{US House Judiciary chairs}}{{US House Foreign Affairs chairs}}{{Authority control}}

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