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Helsingborg
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Municipalities of Sweden>Municipality|subdivision_name3 = Helsingborg MunicipalityCounties of Sweden>County|subdivision_name2 = SkÃ¥ne CountyProvinces of Sweden>ProvinceScania}}City status in Sweden>Charter|established_date3 = 1085|area_footnotes =weblink|area_total_km2 = 38.41|population_as_of = 2017|population_footnotes = |population_total = 108,334 |population_metro = |population_density_km2 = 2,529Central European Time>CET|utc_offset = +1Central European Summer Time>CEST|utc_offset_DST = +2|postal_code_type = Postal code|postal_code = 25x xxx|area_code = (+46) 4256N43region:SE|display=inline,title}}|website = www.helsingborg.se}}Helsingborg ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|h|É›|l|s|ɪ|Å‹|b|ɔːr|É¡}}, {{IPAc-en|USalso|-|b|ɔːr|(|j|É™|)|,_|-|b|ɔːr|i|,_|ËŒ|h|É›|l|s|ɪ|Å‹|ˈ|b|ɔːr|i}},AMERICAN HERITAGE DICTIONARY, Helsingborg, 2 May 2019, "Helsingborg", "Hälsingborg" (US) and OXFORD DICTIONARIES, Helsingborg, 2 May 2019, MERRIAM-WEBSTER, Helsingborg, 2 May 2019, {{IPA-sv|hÉ›lsɪŋ¹bÉ”rj|lang|sv-Helsingborg.ogg}}, {{IPA-da|hÉ›lseŋˈpɒːˀ|lang}}; spelled Hälsingborg between 1912 and 1970) is a town and the seat of Helsingborg Municipality, Scania, Sweden. It had 108,334 inhabitants in 2017. Helsingborg is the centre of the northern part of western Scania. There is no formal metropolitan area, but the municipality of Helsingborg City and its neighbouring five municipalities (within Scania) had in spring of 2013 a population of 269 489 inhabitants at an area of {{convert|1353|km2|3|abbr=off}}, a population density of 200 people/km2. This makes Helsingborg the fourth largest population area in Sweden.Neighbouring municipalities are Landskrona, Höganäs, Ängelholm, Bjuv and Ã…storp. They can be inspected in the article Scania including sources from SCB. The city is also Sweden's closest point to Denmark, with the Danish city Helsingør clearly visible on the other side of the Øresund about {{convert|4|km|0|abbr=on}} to the west, closer than to the city's own remoter areas. If including all population around the northern part of Øresund, as a Helsingborg-Helsingør metropolitan area, its population increases to 732 450 at an area of {{convert|2802|km2|3|abbr=off}}.The mentioned Scanian part together with Danish province "Nordsjælland" (North Zealand), figures for this Danish province are available atweblink (areas) and atweblink (population of province Nordsjælland), below the population pyramide The busy ferry route known as the HH Ferry route has through history been operated by several shipping lines. {{As of|2014}} more than 70 car ferries departures from each harbour every day.Following the Swedish orthography reform of 1906 many place names in Sweden got a modernized spelling. In 1912 it was decided to use the form Hälsingborg. In preparation for the local government reform in 1971 the Hälsingborg city council proposed that the new, enlarged municipality should be spelled with an "e". This was also the decision of the Government of Sweden, effective from 1 January 1971.Historic Helsingborg, with its many old buildings, is a scenic coastal city. The buildings are a blend of old-style stone-built churches and a 600-year-old medieval fortress (Kärnan) in the city centre, and more modern commercial buildings. The streets vary from wide avenues to small alley-ways. Kullagatan, the main pedestrian shopping street in the city, was the first pedestrian shopping street in Sweden.

History

Helsingborg is one of the oldest cities of what is now Sweden. It has been the site of permanent settlement officially since 21 May 1085.WEB,weblink Helsingborgs stad – History of Helsingborg, Helsingborg.se, 2007-05-21, 2010-07-30, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070808165355weblink">weblink 2007-08-08, Helsingborg's geographical position at the narrowest part of Øresund made it very important for Denmark, at that time controlling both sides of that strait. From 1429 Eric of Pomerania introduced the Øresundstolden (the Sound Dues), a levy on all trading vessels passing through the sound between Helsingør and Helsingborg.Faringdon, Hugh. (1989) Strategic Geography Routledge. {{ISBN|0-415-00980-4}} This was one of the main sources of income for the Danish Crown. Crossing traffic, like fishermen, were not subject to the tax, which was initially directed against the Hanseatic League.The Sound Dues helped Helsingør to flourish, and some of it spilled over to Helsingborg. The northern narrow inlet to Øresund with its relatively high coastlines made an impression on many mariners, and when Kronborg was rebuilt from a fortress to a palace during the Renaissance, the area became famous. Evidence of this is William Shakespeare's Hamlet, which unfolds at Kronborg; the titular Prince of Denmark may well have hidden himself from his uncle in Helsingborg. The era of the Renaissance helped the Kingdom of Denmark, but towards the middle of the 17th century, the situation worsened.Following the Dano-Swedish War (1657-1658) and the Treaty of Roskilde Denmark had to give up all territory on the southern Scandinavian peninsula, and Helsingborg became subject to new rulers. King Charles X Gustav of Sweden landed here on 5 March 1658 to take personal possession of the Scanian lands and was met by a delegation led by the bishop of the Diocese of Lund, Peder Winstrup. At that time the town had a population of barely 1,000 people.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20041115172801weblink">weblink dead, 2004-11-15, CyberCity / Helsingborg / Befolkning, .historia.su.se, 2008-01-14, 2010-07-30, He soon attempted to erase Denmark totally from the map, by attacking Copenhagen but failed (Treaty of Copenhagen (1660)), and died in Gothenburg soon afterwards. Not much changed for some 15 years, but when Charles XI was declared of age, the new king was unsatisfied with his former rulers{{huh|date=December 2017}} (known as "Förmyndarräfsten" in Swedish history).Its situation on a conflict-ridden border caused problems for Helsingborg. Denmark recaptured Scania twice, but could not hold it. The last Danish attempt to regain Scania was in 1710, when 14,000 men landed on the shores near Helsingborg. The Battle of Helsingborg was fought on the 28th of February just outside the city, which was badly affected. It took a long time to recover; even in 1770 the city had only 1,321 inhabitants and was still growing slowly.On 20 October 1811 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France and crown prince-elect of Sweden (later king Charles XIV John) took his first step on Swedish soil in Helsingborg on his journey from Paris to Stockholm.WEB,weblink Helsingborgs stad – Bernadotte jubileum 2010, Helsingborg.se, 2010-04-12, 2010-07-30, In World War II, Helsingborg was among the most important drop-off points for the rescue of Denmark's Jewish population during the Holocaust. Adolf Hitler had ordered that all Danish Jews were to be arrested and deported to the concentration camps on Rosh HaShanah, the Jewish New Year which fell on 2 October 1943. When Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz, a German maritime attaché received word of the order on 28 September 1943, he shared it with political and Jewish community leaders. Using the name Elsinore Sewing Club (Danish: Helsingør Syklub) as a cover for messages, the Danish population formed an underground railroad of sorts, moving Jews away from the closely watched Copenhagen docks to spots farther away, especially Helsingør, just two miles across the Øresund from Helsingborg. Hundreds of civilians hid their fellow Danish citizens -- Jews -- in their houses, farm lofts and churches until they could board them onto Danish fishing boats, personal pleasure boats and ferry boats. In the span of three nights, Danes had smuggled over 7200 Jews and 680 non-Jews (gentile family members of Jews or political activists) across the Øresund, to safety in Sweden, with one of the main destinations at Helsingborg.WEB,weblink Rescue of the Danish Jews: Evacuation & Effects, 2018-11-24, Katie, Streit, study.com, subscription, From the middle of the 19th century onwards, however, Helsingborg was one of the fastest growing cities of Sweden, increasing its population from 4,000 in 1850 to 20,000 in 1890 and 56,000 in 1930 due to industrialization. From 1892 a train ferry was put in service, connecting Helsingborg with its Danish sister city Helsingør. A tramway network was inaugurated in 1903 and closed down in 1967.

Climate

Helsingborg has an oceanic climate typical of southern Sweden, although its winters are very mild for a location at such a high latitude. Although the temperature differences between seasons are significant, Helsingborg often lacks a meteorological winter with both January and February averaging just above the freezing point in terms of mean temperatures.{{Weather box|location = Helsingborg, 2002–2015; extremes since 1948, precipitation 1961–1990|metric first = Yes|single line = Yes|Jan record high C = 11.0|Feb record high C = 15.3|Mar record high C = 18.0|Apr record high C = 26.0|May record high C = 28.1|Jun record high C = 30.5|Jul record high C = 31.0|Aug record high C = 32.4|Sep record high C = 27.5|Oct record high C = 22.5|Nov record high C = 15.5|Dec record high C = 12.0|year record high C = 32.4|Jan high C = 2.5|Feb high C = 2.6|Mar high C = 6.6|Apr high C = 12.5|May high C = 16.8|Jun high C = 19.7|Jul high C = 22.7|Aug high C = 22.0|Sep high C = 18.1|Oct high C = 12.1|Nov high C = 7.7|Dec high C = 4.1|year high C = 12.2|Jan mean C = 0.3|Feb mean C = 0.4|Mar mean C = 3.2|Apr mean C = 6.4|May mean C = 12.1|Jun mean C = 15.1|Jul mean C = 18.0|Aug mean C = 17.7|Sep mean C = 14.2|Oct mean C = 9.0|Nov mean C = 5.6|Dec mean C = 2.1|year mean C = 8.6|Jan low C = -1.8|Feb low C = -1.8|Mar low C = -0.3|Apr low C = 3.3|May low C = 7.4|Jun low C = 10.6|Jul low C = 13.3|Aug low C = 13.4|Sep low C = 10.3|Oct low C = 5.9|Nov low C = 3.4|Dec low C = 0.1|year low C = 5.3|Jan record low C = -21.7|Feb record low C = -20.5|Mar record low C = -18.8|Apr record low C = -8.7|May record low C = -1.5|Jun record low C = 3.0|Jul record low C = 4.4|Aug record low C = 5.4|Sep record low C = -0.1|Oct record low C = -7.3|Nov record low C = -10.3|Dec record low C = -22.0|year record low C = -22.0|Jan precipitation mm = 40.6|Feb precipitation mm = 25.2|Mar precipitation mm = 37.2|Apr precipitation mm = 35.7|May precipitation mm = 38.9|Jun precipitation mm = 47.5|Jul precipitation mm = 66.1|Aug precipitation mm = 58.3|Sep precipitation mm = 55.2|Oct precipitation mm = 50.9|Nov precipitation mm = 55.8|Dec precipitation mm = 48.7|year precipitation mm = 558.3 ACCESSDATE=27 FEBRUARY 2016 DATE=FEBRUARY 2016, |date=April 2015 LANGUAGE=SWEDISH PUBLISHER=SMHI, February 2016, }}

Demography

{{Empty section|date=December 2016}}

Economy

Industry

{{unreferenced section|date=May 2013}}Helsingborg is a major regional centre of trade, transport and business. In 2001 Campus Helsingborg, a branch of University of Lund, opened in the former Tretorn rubber factory buildings, founded by Henry Dunker.Three ferry companies take people and cargo to and from Denmark around the clock. The route is popular with day-trippers going to Helsingør or Copenhagen, or simply enjoying the views from the ferries.IKEA, the retailer of furniture and home interiors, has its international corporate headquarters in Helsingborg.Nicorette, the nicotine chewing gum, has a manufacturing plant there. Ramlösa is a mineral water from Ramlösa Brunn, a southern suburb of the city. Mobile phone developer Spectronic is also situated in Helsingborg. The online custom clothing retailer Tailor Store Sweden AB has its offices in Helsingborg. Zoégas, a major coffee company, has been located here since the 1800s.WEB,weblink Zoégas – Om Zoégas, zoegas.se, 2015-05-12, 2015-05-12,

Sports

{{unreferenced|section|date=November 2018}}The following sports clubs are located in Helsingborg:

Notable natives

{{unreferenced|section|date=November 2018}}{| ----

Subdivisions

The City of Helsingborg is subdivided into 31 districts. {| class="wikitable" style="width:80%; margin:auto;"!colspan="7" |The districts of Helsingborg (Classification and census from 9 January 2006)1Norr (3600)12Centrum (3347)22Närlunda (1125)(File:Helsingborg stadtteile ueberblick.svgMap of the districts of Helsingborg)2Mariastaden (2302)13Eneborg (3816)23Eskilsminne (1835)3Ringstorp (2802)14Wilson Park (1988)24Gustavslund (2772)4Berga (1720)15Rosengården (4388)25Planteringen (2663)5Drottninghög (2708)16Husensjö (1564)26Elineberg (2115)6Dalhem (4530)17Sofieberg (1606)27Ramlösa (4593)7*Tågaborg (7113)18Adolfsberg (4319)28Miatorp (2406)8Stattena (2549)19Söder (3665)29Högasten (1034)9Fredriksdal (4202)20Högaborg (4017)30Ättekulla (3274)10Slottshöjden (3621)21Fältabacken (930)31Råå (3021)11Olympia (1843)

Sights

File:Helsingborg-300px.jpg|Helsingborg waterfrontFile:Helsingborg_port.jpg|The northern harbour for yachts in HelsingborgFile:HelsingborgTownhall2.jpg|The Helsingborg city hallFile:Konsul Trapps plats.jpg|Steps leading to Kärnan, central Helsingborg, close by the water front.File:Sankta_Maria_kyrka_(Helsingborg,_Sweden).jpg|The Church of Saint Mary, central HelsingborgFile:bphotell.jpg|Brunnsparkshotellet, RamlösaFile:ramlosaspring.jpg|Ramlösa mineral water, old spring from 1707File:hamletferry.jpg|The ferry Hamlet on the Öresund between Helsingborg and HelsingørFile:Kärnan.jpg|Kärnan, the medieval towerFile:Helsingborg street.jpg|View over Helsingborg from KärnanFile:2010 - Kärnan och Slottshagen i Helsingborg 007.JPG|View over Helsingborg from KärnanFile:Utzon elineberg helsingborg 05 (1954-66).jpg|Jørn Utzon's Elineberg Housing development

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Commons|Helsingborg}}{{wikivoyage}} {{Localities in Helsingborg Municipality}}{{Skåne County}}{{30 most populous cities of Sweden}}{{50 most populous urban settlements of Scandinavia}}{{Authority control}}{{Attached KML}}

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