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Hafsa bint Umar

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Hafsa bint Umar
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factoids
Ḥafṣah bint ʿUmar (; c. 605–665) was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and therefore a Mother of the Believers.

Early life

Hafsah was the daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Zainab bint Madh'uwn. She was born "when Quraysh were building the House [Ka'abah], five years before the Prophet was sent," i.e., in 605.Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina p. 56. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.

Marriage

She was married to Khunais ibn Hudhaifah but became a widow in August 624.Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013). The Companions of Badr, p. 307. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.As soon as Hafsah had completed her waiting period, her father Umar offered her hand to Uthman Ibn 'Affan, and thereafter to Abu Bakr; but they both refused her. When Umar went to Muhammad to complain about this, Muhammad replied, "Allah will marry Uthman to better than your daughter and will marry your daughter to better than Uthman."Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 pp. 56-58. The story is told in five separate traditions.Muhammad married Hafsah in Shaaban AH 3 (late January or early February 625).Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 58. This marriage "gave the Prophet the chance of allying himself with this faithful follower,"Margoliouth, D. S. (1905). Mohammed and the Rise of Islam, p. 307. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. i.e., Umar, who now became his father-in-law.

Notable Work

Uthman, when he became Caliph, used Hafsah's copy when he standardized the text of the Qur'an.Bukhari 6:60:201. She is also said to have narrated sixty hadeeth from Muhammad.Siddiqi, M. Z. (2006). Hadith Literature: Its Origin, Development, Special Features and Criticism, p. 25. Kuala Lumpar: Islamic Book Trust.

Death

She died in Shaban AH 45, i.e., in October or November 665. She is buried in al-Baqi next to the other Mothers of the Faithful.Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 60.

Shia view of Hafsa

Hafsa is viewed very negatively in the Shia community. JOURNAL, Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Sayyari, Kohlberg, Etan, Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, Revelation and Falsification: The Kitab al-qira'at of Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Sayyari: Critical Edition with an Introduction and Notes by Etan Kohlberg and Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi, Texts and studies on the Qurʼān, 2009, 4, 103,weblink BRILL, 1567-2808,

See also

References

{{Wives of Muhammad}}{{Authority control}}

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