Hadhrami people

aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Hadhrami people
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{Short description|Ethnic division of Arabs}}


| region2 = {{flag|Oman}}
| region3 = {{flag|Saudi Arabia}}
| region4 = {{flag|United Arab Emirates}}
| region5 = {{flag|Bahrain}}
| region6 = {{flag|Malaysia}}
| region7 = {{flag|Singapore}}
| region8 = {{flag|Brunei}}
| region9 = {{flag|Indonesia}}
| region10 = {{flag|Lebanon}}
| region11 = {{flag|Kenya}}
| region12 = {{flag|Tanzania}}
| region13 = {{flag|Qatar}}
| region14 = {{flag|Kuwait}}
| region15 = {{flag|Somalia}}
| region16 = {{flag|United Kingdom}}
| region17 = {{flag|Comoros}}
| region18 = {{flag|Egypt}}
| region19 = {{flag|Bosnia and Herzegovina}}
| region20 = {{flag|Syria}}
| region21 = {{flag|European Union}}
| region22 = {{flag|Eritrea}}
| region23 = {{flag|Ethiopia}}
| region24 = {{flag|Djibouti}}
| region25 = {{flag|India}}
| region26 = {{flag|Bangladesh}}
| langs = Hadhrami Arabic, Urdu, Bangla, Tamil (South India), Malay (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore), Swahili (Kenya), Somali (Somalia).
| rels = Islam (Sunni Shafi'i, strong Sufi-orientation), Judaism, Christianity, Paganism. | related-c = Arabs, Arab diaspora, Arab Singaporeans, Arab Malaysians, Arab Indonesians, Chaush, Arabs in India, Sri Lankan Moors, Hyderabadi Muslims.
}}File:Flag of Hadhramaut.svg|thumb|Flag proposed by the 'Hadhrami League' in May 2013 to represent Hadramawt Region as part of the federalization of Yemenfederalization of YemenThe Hadhrami (, sing.) or Hadharem (plural: ) are people inhabiting the Hadhramaut region in Yemen and their descendants in diaspora communities around the world. They speak Hadhrami Arabic an Arabic dialect with a heavy Hadramite Substrate, which belongs to the South Semitic languages.Among the two million inhabitants of Hadhramaut, there are 1,300 distinct tribes.

History & Diaspora

The Hadharem have a long seafaring and trading tradition that predates Semitic cultures, the Semitic Hadramites diaspora was historically the Mofarite & Gurage mercantile Semitic pioneers in East Africa, Hadramite influence was later over shadowed by the rise of the temple of the Moon governing Sabaean Semites that saw the concentration of power switch to a governing ruling class. With Governing pressure in the South Semitic regions Hadhrami seamen navigated in large numbers all around the Indian Ocean basin, from the Horn of Africa to the Swahili Coast to the Malabar Coast and Hyderabad in South India, Sri Lanka to Maritime Southeast Asia.BOOK, The graves of Tarim: Genealogy and mobility across the Indian Ocean, Ho, Engseng, University of California Press, 2006, 9780520244535, 123768411, They were involved in many places as organizers of the Haj.There are Hadharem communities in western Yemen and in the trading ports of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The money changers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia have usually been of Hadhrami origin.BOOK, The financial markets of the Arabian Gulf, Seznec, Jean-François, Croom Helm, 1987, 9780709954040, 18558231,

Hadhrami East Africans

(File:Hadramawt 400 BC.jpg|thumb|South Semitic Kingdom of Hadramawt in 400 BC)The Hadhrami have long had a notable presence in the African Horn region (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia). Hadhrami settlers were instrumental in helping to consolidate the Muslim community in the coastal Benadir province of Somalia, in particular.BOOK,weblink The Benaadir Past: Essays in Southern Somali History, Cassanelli, Lee V., University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1973, 24, en, During the colonial period, disgruntled Hadhrami from the tribal wars additionally settled in various Somali towns.BOOK, Aden under British rule, 1839–1967, Gavin, R. J., Hurst, 1975, 978-0-903983-14-3, London, UK, 198, They were also frequently recruited into the armies of the Somali Sultanates.BOOK,weblink Somalia: A country study, The Division, 1993, 9780844407753, Metz, Helen Chapin, 4th, Washington, D.C., 10, 93016246, 27642849, registration, Some Hadhrami communities also reportedly exist in Mozambique and Madagascar.BOOK,weblink Hadhrami Traders, Scholars and Statesmen in the Indian Ocean, 1750s to 1960s, Le Guennec, Francoise, Brill Publishers, BRILL, 1997, 978-9004107717, Freitag, Ulrike, 165, en, Changing Patterns of Hadrahmi Migration and Social Integration in East Africa, Clarence-Smith, William G.,

Hadhrami Jews

The vast majority of the Hadhrami Jews now live in Israel.WEB,weblink The Jewish Kingdoms of Arabia, Katz, Joseph,, 2017-06-25,


The Hadhrami speak Hadhrami Arabic, a variety of Arabic, while the Diasporas that have acculturated mainly speak the local language they live in.

Diaspora communities

File:Hadhrami immigrants at Surabaya 1920s.jpg|thumb|Hadhrami immigrants in SurabayaSurabaya

Hadhrami people

Swahili Coast

North Africa

Horn of Africa


East Timor



South Asia

Abdullah bin Muhammed Al-Kathiri, Politician, Businessman and Agriculturist Habeeb Abdullah Ahmed Modehij Shaikul Jamia Nizamia Padmashiri Chief Editor Of Daratul Maroof Osmania University Hyderabad, India

Saudi Arabia


See also

{{Semitic topics}}{{Yemeni diaspora}}




Further reading

  • BOOK, Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Islam, Movement, and the Longue Durée, Abaza, Mona, NUS Press, 2009, 9789971694241, Tagliacozzo, Eric, 250–274, en, M. Asad Shahab: A Portrait of an Indonesian Hadrami Who Bridged the Two Worlds, 260294282,weblink
  • BOOK, The Hadhrami diaspora in Southeast Asia: Identity maintenance or assimilation?, Brill Publishers, Brill, 2009, 9789004172319, Abushouk, Ahmed Ibrahim, 1385-3376, 568619869, Ibrahim, Hassan Ahmed,
  • BOOK, The African Dispersal in the Deccan: From Medieval to Modern Times, Ali, Shanti Sadiq, Orient Blackswan, 1996, 9788125004851, 193–202, en, Chapter 9: The Importation of Arabs and Africans into Hyderabad,weblink
  • JOURNAL, Aljunied, Syed Muhd Khairudin, 2007, The Role of Hadramis in Post-Second World War Singapore – A Reinterpretation, Immigrants & Minorities, 25, 2, 163–183, 10.1080/02619280802018165, 0261-9288,
  • JOURNAL, Al-Saqqaf, Abdullah Hassan, 2008, The Linguistics of Loanwords in Hadrami Arabic, International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 9, 1, 75–93, 10.1080/13670050608668631, 1367-0050,
  • BOOK,weblink Quest of a Discipline: New Academic Directions for Comparative Literature, Al-Saqqaf, Abdullah Hassan, Foundation Books, 2012, 9788175969339, Raj, Rizio Yohannan, India, 191–212, en, Arabic Literature in Diaspora: An Example from South Asia, 10.1017/cbo9788175969346.018,
  • BOOK, Sufis and scholars of the sea: Family networks in East Africa, 1860-1925, Bang, Anne K., Routledge, 2003, 9780415317634, 51879622,
  • BOOK, On the edge of empire: Hadhramawt, emigration, and the Indian Ocean, 1880s-1930s, Boxberger, Linda, SUNY Press, 2002, 9780791452172, 2472-954X, 53226033,
  • JOURNAL, Freitag, Ulrike, 1999, Hadhramaut: A Religious Centre for the Indian Ocean in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries?, 1596090, Studia Islamica, 89, 165–183, 10.2307/1596090,
  • BOOK, Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Islam, movement, and the Longue Durée, Freitag, Ulrike, 2009, NUS Press, 9789971694241, Tagliacozzo, Eric, 235–249, From Golden Youth in Arabia to Business Leaders in Singapore: Instructions of a Hadrami Patriarch, 260294282,weblink
  • BOOK, Hadrami Arabs in present-day Indonesia: An Indonesia-oriented group with an Arab signature, Jacobsen, Frode F., Routledge, 2008, 9780203884614, 310362117,
  • BOOK,weblink Mediaeval Deccan History: Commemoration Volume in Honour of Purshottam Mahadeo Joshi, Khalidi, Omar, Popular Prakashan, 1996, 9788171545797, Kulakarṇī, A. Rā, Bombay, India, en, The Arabs of Hadramawt in Hyderabad: Mystics, Mercenaries and Money-lenders, Nayeem, M. A., Souza, Teotonio R. De,
  • BOOK, Diasporas within and without Africa: Dynamism, heterogeneity, variation, Stylus Pub Llc, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2006, 9789171065636, Manger, Leif, 61, A Hadrami Diaspora in the Sudan, 74650767, Assal, Munzoul A. M.,
  • JOURNAL, Manger, Leif, 2007, Hadramis in Hyderabad: From Winners to Losers, Asian Journal of Social Science, 35, 4, 405–433, 10.1163/156853107x240279, 1568-5314,
  • BOOK, The Hadrami diaspora: Community-building on the Indian Ocean rim, Manger, Leif, Berghahn Books, 2010, 9781845459789, 732958389,
  • JOURNAL, Miran, Jonathan, 2012, Red Sea Translocals: Hadrami Migration, Entrepreneurship, and Strategies of Integration in Eritrea, 1840s–1970s, Northeast African Studies, 12, 1, 129–167, 10.1353/nas.2012.0035, 1535-6574,
  • BOOK, The Hadrami awakening: Community and identity in the Netherlands East Indies, 1900-1942, Mobini-Kesheh, Natalie, SEAP Publications, 1999, 9780877277279, 43269837,
  • BOOK, Lamu: History, society, and family in an East African port city, Romero, Patricia W., 1997, Markus Wiener, 9781558761070, 93–108, 167–184, 35919259,
  • JOURNAL, Talib, Ameen Ali, 1997, Hadramis in Singapore, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 17, 1, 89–96, 10.1080/13602009708716360, 1360-2004,
  • JOURNAL, Walker, Iain, 2008, Hadramis, Shimalis and Muwalladin: Negotiating Cosmopolitan Identities between the Swahili Coast and Southern Yemen, Journal of Eastern African Studies, 2, 1, 44–59, 10.1080/17531050701846724, 1753-1055,
  • BOOK,weblink An African Indian Community in Hyderabad: Siddi Identity, Its Maintenance and Change, Yimene, Ababu Minda, Cuvillier Verlag, 2004, 9783865372062, 204, en,
{{Use dmy dates|date=February 2011}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Hadhrami people" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 12:11pm EDT - Tue, Oct 22 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott