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{{Distinguish|Land of Israel}}{{short description|Israeli daily newspaper based in Tel Aviv}}{{pp-30-500|small=yes}}{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2017}}

|chiefeditor =|staff =Liberalism in Israel>liberal, political left|language = Hebrew and English editionsWORK=HAARETZ ACCESSDATE=10 FEBRUARY 2013, |headquarters = Tel Aviv, Israel }}|publishing_country = Israel}}(File:HADASHOT HAARETZ (NATIONAL NEWS) DAILY OF THE EARLY 20S.jpg|thumb|250px|Front page of Ḥadashot Ha'aretz, August 1919)Haaretz () (lit. "The Land [of Israel]", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – , {{IPA-he|χadaˈʃot haˈʔaʁets|IPA}} – "News of the Land [of Israel]" in English The Palestine NewsWEB,weblink Israel, Press Reference, 5 March 2010, ) is an Israeli newspaper. It was founded in 1918, making it the longest running newspaper currently in print in Israel, and is now published in both Hebrew and English in the Berliner format. The English edition is published and sold together with the International New York Times. Both Hebrew and English editions can be read on the Internet. In North America, it is published as a weekly newspaper, combining articles from the Friday edition with a roundup from the rest of the week.It is known for its left-wing and liberal stances on domestic and foreign issues. As of 2016, the newspaper had a weekday exposure rate of 3.9% in Israel.NEWS,weblink I'm Going to Take a Break, Sorry, Sigan, Lilac, 5 August 2016, The Huffington Post, 13 December 2016, NEWS, 26 July 2016, Once again, media survey puts Israel Hayom at No. 1 in Israel,weblink Israel Hayom, 13 December 2016, According to the Center for Research Libraries, among Israel's daily newspapers, "Haaretz is considered the most influential and respected for both its news coverage and its commentary."WEB,weblink CRL Obtains Haaretz, The Center for Research Libraries (CRL),, en, 2018-05-05,

History and ownership

Haaretz was first published in 1918 as a newspaper sponsored by the British military government in Palestine.WEB,weblink TAU – Institute of Jewish Press and Communications – The Andrea and Charles Bronfman Center, Tel Aviv University, 10 February 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 25 September 2012, In 1919, it was taken over by a group of socialist-oriented Zionists, mainly from Russia.WEB,weblink Israel — Hebrew- and English-Language Media Guide, Open Source Center, 16 September 2008, 13 February 2014, NEWS, Marmari, Hanoch,weblink A fine and fragile balance, Haaretz, 16 April 2004, 10 February 2013, The newspaper was established on 18 June 1919 by a group of businessmen including the philanthropist Isaac Leib Goldberg, and initially, it was called Hadashot Ha'aretz ("News of the Land"). Later, the name was shortened to Haaretz.ENCYCLOPEDIA,weblink Israel Society and Culture: Haaretz, Cohen, Yoel, Jewish Virtual Library, 12 January 2015, WEB,weblink Goldberg, Isaac Leib (1860-1935) Papers, Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, 10 January 2015, The literary section of the paper attracted leading Hebrew writers of the time.ENCYCLOPEDIA, Encyclopedia Judaica, Newspapers, Hebrew, 12, Keter Books, Jerusalem, 1978, The newspaper was initially published in Jerusalem. From 1919 to 1922, the paper was headed by a succession of editors, among them Leib Yaffe. It was closed briefly due to a budgetary shortfall and reopened in Tel Aviv at the beginning of 1923 under the editorship of Moshe Glickson, who held the post for 15 years. The Tel Aviv municipality granted the paper financial support by paying in advance for future advertisements.NEWS,weblink Haaretz history, Tom Segev, Tom Segev, Haaretz, 18 March 2010, 5 October 2014, Salman Schocken, a Jewish businessman who left Germany in 1934 after the Nazis had come to power, bought the paper in December 1935. Schocken was active in Brit Shalom, also known as the Jewish–Palestinian Peace Alliance, a body supporting co-existence between Jews and Arabs which was sympathetic to a homeland for both peoples. His son, Gershom Schocken, became the chief editor in 1939 and held that position until his death in 1990.NEWS,weblink A newspaper's mission, Amos Schocken, Haaretz, 18 September 2002, 5 October 2014, The Schocken family were the sole owners of the Haaretz Group until August 2006, when they sold a 25% stake to German publisher M. DuMont Schauberg.WEB,weblink M. DuMont Schauberg. Press-release,, 10 February 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 26 February 2012, The deal was negotiated with the help of the former Israeli ambassador to Germany, Avi Primor.NEWS, Koren, Ronny,weblink Germany's DuMont invests 25m euros in Haaretz, Haaretz, 13 August 2006, 5 October 2014, This deal was seen as controversial in Israel as DuMont Schauberg's father, Kurt Neven DuMont, was member of the Nazi party and his publishing house promoted Nazi ideology.NEWS,weblink Haaretz's 'Nazi problem', Ynetnews, 20 June 1995, 10 February 2013, On 12 June 2011, it was announced that Russian-Israeli businessman Leonid Nevzlin had purchased a 20% stake in the Haaretz Group, buying 15% from the family and 5% from M. DuMont Schauberg.NEWS, Li-or Averbach,weblink Russian immigrant billionaire buys 20% of "Haaretz", Globes, 12 June 2011, 5 October 2014, In October 2012, a union strike mobilized to protest planned layoffs by the Haaretz management, causing a one-day interruption of Haaretz and its TheMarker business supplement. According to Israel Radio, it was the first time since 1965 that a newspaper did not go to press on account of a strike.NEWS, Koopmans, Ofira, Journalists at Israel's Haaretz newspaper strike over job cuts,weblink Europe Online, 4 October 2012, 12 October 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 27 May 2013, NEWS, 'Haaretz' daily not printed today,weblink Globes, 4 October 2012, 5 October 2014,


The newspaper's editorial policy was defined by Gershom Schocken, who was editor-in-chief from 1939 to 1990. Schocken was succeeded as editor-in-chief by Hanoch Marmari. In 2004 David Landau replaced Marmari and was succeeded by Dov Alfon in 2008. The current editor-in-chief of the newspaper is Aluf Benn, who replaced Alfon in August 2011. Charlotte Halle became editor of the English print edition in February 2008.

Editorial policy and viewpoints

Haaretz describes itself as having "a broadly liberal outlook both on domestic issues and on international affairs".NEWS, Haaretz,weblink About Haaretz, 5 October 2014, Others describe it alternatively as liberal,
  • BOOK, Kaspî, Dān, Media Decentralization: The Case of Israel's Local Newspapers,weblink January 1986, Transaction Publishers, 978-1-4128-2833-8, 16–,
  • BOOK, Ira, Sharkansky, Ira Sharkansky,weblink The Politics of Religion and the Religion of Politics: Looking at Israel, Lexington Books, 2000, 9780739101094,
  • NEWS,weblink BBC News, Israeli media vents fury at Likud, 17 December 2002, 4 May 2010, centre-left,NEWS, Mya Guarnieri,weblink Al Jazeera, English, The death of Israeli democracy, 6 February 2011, 5 October 2014, or left-wing.
  • NEWS,weblink Sharon orders Gaza pullout plan, BBC News, 2 February 2004, 5 March 2010,
  • NEWS,weblink Israeli authors urge ceasefire talks with Hamas, Reuters, 24 September 2007, 5 October 2014,
  • NEWS,weblink Propaganda war, The Economist, 16 August 2014, 5 March 2010, The newspaper opposes retaining control of the territories and consistently supports peace initiatives.Israel — Hebrew- and English-Language Media Guide, p. 14 The Haaretz editorial line is supportive of weaker elements in Israeli society, such as sex workers, foreign laborers, Israeli Arabs, Ethiopian immigrants, and Russian immigrants.
In 2006, the BBC said that Haaretz takes a moderate stance on foreign policy and security.NEWS,weblink The press in Israel, BBC News, 8 May 2006, 13 February 2014, David Remnick in The New Yorker described Haaretz as "easily the most liberal newspaper in Israel", its ideology as left-wing and its temper as "insistently oppositional".NEWS, Remnick, David, The Dissenters,weblink 12 October 2012, The New Yorker, 28 February 2011, David Remnick, According to Ira Sharkansky, Haaretz{{'}}s op-ed pages are open to a variety of opinions.BOOK, Sharkansky, Ira, Ira Sharkansky,weblink Governing Israel: Chosen People, Promised Land, & Prophetic Tradition, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 2005, 43, 978-0-7658-0277-4, J. J. Goldberg, the editor of the American The Jewish Daily Forward, describes Haaretz as "Israel's most vehemently anti-settlement daily paper".NEWS,weblink Are Religious Soldiers To Blame for Alleged Abuse?, J. J., Goldberg, J.J. Goldberg, The Forward, 3 April 2009, 5 October 2014, Stephen Glain of The Nation described Haaretz as "Israel's liberal beacon", citing its editorials voicing opposition to the occupation, the discriminatory treatment of Arab citizens, and the mindset that led to the Second Lebanon War. A 2003 study in The International Journal of Press/Politics concluded that Haaretz{{'}}s reporting of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict was more favorable to Israelis than to Palestinians, but less so than that of The New York Times.JOURNAL, Attempted Objectivity: An Analysis of the New York Times and Ha'aretz and their Portrayals of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, The International Journal of Press/Politics, September 2003, 8, 4, 114–120, 10.1177/1081180X03256999, Matt Viser, This study explores the biases, pro-Israeli and pro-Palestinian, by looking at quantitative indicators of news coverage in the New York Times and Ha'aretz. Several time periods were examined (1987-88, 2000-01, and post-September 11, 2001), using multiple indicators. By these measures, The New York Times is more favorable toward the Israelis than the Palestinians, and the partiality has become more pronounced with time.Haaretz is also more favorable toward the Israelis, but less so than the Times., In 2016, Jeffrey Goldberg, the editor-in-chief of The Atlantic, wrote "I like a lot of the people at Haaretz, and many of its positions, but the cartoonish anti-Israelism and anti-Semitism can be grating".Journalist Jeffrey Goldberg stirs storm after tweeting he might stop reading Haaretz, JTA, 2 August 2016Amos Schocken, third-generation proprietor of Ha’aretz, Financial Times, John Reed, 3 October 2016

Formatting, circulation and reputation

(File:Newspapers.jpg|250px|thumb|Front page of the Hebrew and English editions)


In 2016, the newspaper's readership fell to an all-time low of 3.9% on weekdays, far behind other national newspapers in Israel: Israel Hayom had an exposure rate of 39.7%, Yedioth Ahronoth 34.9%, Israel Post 7.2%, and Globes 4.6%.NEWS, פרייס, נועה, 25 July 2016, סקר TGI מחצית 2016: "ישראל היום" מגדיל את הפער; "הארץ" קורס, TGI survey for half of 2016: Israel Hayom increases the gap; Haaretz collapsing,weblink He, Walla!, 18 November 2016,

Formatting and image

Haaretz uses smaller headlines and print than other mass circulation papers in Israel. Less space is devoted to pictures, and more to political analysis. Opinion columns are generally written by regular commentators rather than guest writers. Its editorial pages are considered influential among government leaders.JOURNAL, Beckerman, Gal, September–October 2005, Disengaged, Columbia Journalism Review,weblink 21 June 2007,weblink" title="">weblink 7 October 2007, Apart from the news, Haaretz publishes feature articles on social and environmental issues, as well as book reviews, investigative reporting, and political commentary. In 2008, the newspaper itself reported a paid subscribership of 65,000, daily sales of 72,000 copies, and 100,000 on weekends. The English edition has a subscriber base of 15,000.NEWS,weblink Ha'aretz, Israel's Liberal Beacon, Stephen Glain, The Nation, 24 September 2007, 13 February 2014, As of June 2011, readership was 5.8% of the public, down from 6.4% the prior year.NEWS,weblink Israel Hayom Surpasses Yedioth Ahronoth to Become Country's Most-Read Newspaper, 20 July 2011, Israel Hayom Newsletter, 21 July 2011, In 2012, amid falling circulation, Haaretz was undergoing severe cuts (reportedly firing around 20% of its total workforce, and lowering salaries by between 15 and 35%), and cuts continued through 2013.NEWS,weblink 'Haaretz' to lay off 5% of workforce, Globes, 5 December 2013, Li-or, Averbach, 5 October 2014, Despite its historically relatively low circulation in Israel, Haaretz has for many years been described as Israel's most influential daily newspaper.
  • BOOK, Karpin, Michael, Michael Karpin, The Bomb in the Basement, 2006, Simon & Schuster, New York, 0-7432-6595-5, ix,weblink
  • BOOK, Manji, Irshad, Irshad Manji, The Trouble with Islam Today, 2003, St. Martin's Press, New York, 0-312-32700-5, 75,weblink
  • NEWS,weblink Next Step: 4 Israelis Jostle to Lead Likud Out of Wilderness, Parks, Michael, 23 March 1993, Los Angeles Times, 7 April 2012,
  • JOURNAL, Rabinovich-Einy, Orna, Beyond IDR: Resolving Hospital Disputes and Healing Ailing Organizations Through ITR, St. John's Law Review, Winter 2007, 81, 1/2, 173, {{ProQuest, 216778117, }}{{subscription required}}
  • BOOK, Yakira, Elhanan, Post-Zionism, Post-Holocaust: Three Essays on Denial, Forgetting, and the Delegitimation of Israel,weblink 2010, Cambridge University Press, 978-0-521-11110-2, 210, Its readership includes members of Israel's intelligentsia and members of its political and economic elites.
  • BOOK, Idith, Zertal, Chaya, Galai,weblink Israel's Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood, Cambridge University Press, 2005, 218, 9781139446624,
  • BOOK, Elizabeth, Poole, John E., Richardson,weblink Muslims and the News Media, I.B. Tauris, 2006, 143, 9781845111724, In 1999, surveys show that Haaretz readership has a higher-than-average education, income, and wealth and that most are Ashkenazim.BOOK, Dan, Caspi, Dan Caspi, Yehiel, Limor, The IN/Outsiders: Mass Media in Israel, Hampton Press, 1999, 79, Some have said that it functions for Israel much as The New York Times does for the United States, as a newspaper of record,.JOURNAL, 30133876, Muting the Alarm over the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: "The New York Times" versus "Haaretz", 2000-06, Slater, Jerome, International Security, 32, 84–120, 2, Fall 2007, 10.1162/isec.2007.32.2.84, There is a widespread consensus in Israel and elsewhere that Haaretz is Israel's best and most prestigious newspaper—in effect, the Israeli equivalent of the New York Times., {{subscription required}} In 2007, Shmuel Rosner, the newspaper's former U.S. correspondent, told The Nation that "people who read it are better educated and more sophisticated than most, but the rest of the country doesn't know it exists." According to former editor of the paper, Hanoch Marmari, the newspaper has lost its political influence in Israel, because it became "detached" from the country's political life.NEWS,weblink he:עורך 'הארץ' לשעבר: 'הארץ' איבד את מעמדו הציבורי, he, Former Haaretz editor: Haaretz has lost its public standing, nrg Maariv, 8 January 2013, 5 October 2014,


Andrea Levin, executive director of the American pro-Israel Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting (CAMERA), said the newspaper was doing "damage to the truth" and sometimes making serious factual errors but not often correcting them.NEWS, Ross, Oakland, News and views that inspire love or kindle hatred,weblink Toronto Star, 5 October 2008, 13 February 2014,weblink" title="">weblink 4 February 2013, live, According to The Jerusalem Post, Haaretz editor-in-chief David Landau said at the 2007 Limmud conference in Moscow that he had told his staff not to report about criminal investigations against Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in order to promote Sharon's 2004–2005 Gaza disengagement plan.NEWS, Haviv Rettig Gur, Haviv Rettig,weblink Limmud diary: Creme de la Kremlin?, The Jerusalem Post, 25 October 2007, 5 October 2014, In April 2017, Haaretz published an op-ed by a staff writer that said the religious right is worse than Hezbollah."Paper draws fire for op-ed calling national religious worse than Hezbollah", Times of Israel, 13 April 2017."Haaretz slammed for article calling national religious 'worse than Hezbollah{{'"}}, Ynetnews, 13 April 2017. Condemnation followed, including from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, President Reuven Rivlin, and other government ministers and MPs, as well as from Opposition Leader Isaac Herzog."Haaretz op-ed draws condemnations across the political spectrum", Israel Hayom, 13 April 2017.

Internet editions

Haaretz operates both HebrewNEWS,weblink he:הארץ, he, Haaretz, and EnglishNEWS,weblink Haaretz Daily Newspaper Israel, 10 February 2013, language websites. The two sites offer up-to-the-minute breaking news, live Q&A sessions with newsmakers from Israel, the Palestinian territories and elsewhere, and blogs covering a range of political standpoints and opinions. {{As of|2014|10|5}}, the English online edition has an Alexa rank of 2,683 worldwide and 2,861 in the United States.WEB,weblink Site Info, Alexa Internet, 5 October 2014, The two sites fall under the supervision of Lior Kodner, the head of digital media for the Haaretz Group. Individually, Simon Spungin is the editor of (English) and Avi Scharf is the editor of (Hebrew).


The Haaretz building is located on Schocken Street in south Tel Aviv.

Journalists and writers


{{colbegin|colwidth=30em}} The New Yorker >date=9 December 2002 accessdate=5 October 2014, {{failed verification|date=October 2014}} {{colend}}


File:PASSENGERS SEATED IN ONE OF THE PALESTINE AIRWAYS "SCION" PLANES DURING FLIGHT. נוסעים במהלך טיסה של חברת "נתיבי אויר ארץ ישראל".D2-055.jpg|thumb|upright=1.5|Passengers on board a Palestine Airways Short ScionShort Scion{{colbegin|colwidth=30em}} {{colend}}

See also



Further reading

  • BOOK, Merrill, John C., John C. Merrill, Harold A., Fisher, The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers,weblink registration, 1980, pp 151–55,
  • NEWS,weblink The Dissenters – Haaretz prides itself on being the conscience of Israel. Does it have a future?, David, Remnick, David Remnick, The New Yorker, 28 February 2011,
  • WEB,weblink The People vs. Haaretz, Shmuel, Rosner, Shmuel Rosner, 11 May 2017, The New York Times,
  • NEWS,weblink Problems at Israel's Haaretz: Newspaper Without a Country, Christoph, Schult, Der Spiegel, 31 December 2008,

External links

{{Commons category|Haaretz}}
  • {{Official websiteweblink}}
  • {{Official websiteweblink}} {{he icon}}
  • NEWS,weblink About Haaretz, Haaretz, 12 July 2001,
{{Newspapers in Israel}}{{Panama Papers leak|state=collapsed}}{{Authority control}}

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