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Gymnodinium

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Gymnodinium
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{{italic title}}{{Taxobox | image = Gymnodinium sp.jpg| image_width = 200px| image_caption =
SAR supergroup>SAR| unranked_superphylum = Alveolatadinoflagellate>DinoflagellataDinophyceaeGUIRYLAST2=GUIRYYEAR=2008WORK=ALGAEBASEURL=HTTP://WWW.ALGAEBASE.ORG/SEARCH/GENUS/DETAIL/?GENUS_ID=43632, 2009-02-21, | ordo = Gymnodiniales| familia = Gymnodiniaceae| genus = Gymnodinium| genus_authority = Stein, 1878}}Gymnodinium is a genus of dinoflagellates, a type of marine plankton. It is one of the few naked dinoflagellates, or species lacking armor (cellulosic plates). Since 2000, the species which had been considered to be part of Gymnodinium have been divided into several genera, based on the nature of the apical groove and partial LSU rDNA sequence data.JOURNAL, Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J., Moestrup, Ø., 2000, Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates, Phycologia, 39, 4, 302–317, 10.2216/i0031-8884-39-4-302.1, Amphidinium was redefined later.JOURNAL, M. Flo, Jorgensen, Murray, S., Daugbjerg, N., Amphidinium revisited. I. Redefinition of Amphidinium (Dinophyceae) based on cladistic and molecular phylogenetic analysis, Journal of Phycology, 40, 2, 351–365, 2004, 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2004.03131.x, JOURNAL, Murray, S., Flo Jorgensen, M., Daugbjerg, N., Rhodes, L., 2004, Amphidinium revisited. II. Resolving species boundaries in the Amphidinium operculatum species complex (Dinophyceae), including the descriptions of Amphidinium trulla sp. nov. and Amphidinium gibbosum comb. nov, Journal of Phycology, 40, 2, 366–382, 10.1046/j.1529-8817.2004.03132.x, Gymnodinium belong to red dinoflagellates that, in concentration, can cause red tides.JOURNAL, Molecular typing of the red-tide dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polyedra in phytoplankton suspensions, Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Rollo, Franco,weblink 9, 55, 1995-04-28, 2015-04-25, Stefano, Sassarolil, Laurita, Boni, Isolina, Marota, 10.3354/ame009055,

References

Further reading

  • JOURNAL, Estrada, Norma, Ascencio, Felipe, Shoshani, Liora, Apoptosis of hemocytes from lions-paw scallop Nodipecten subnodosus induced with paralyzing shellfish poison from Gymnodinium catenatum, Contreras, December 2014, 219, 12, 964–974, 10.1016/j.imbio.2014.07.006, 25097151,
  • JOURNAL, Thessen, Annie E., Patterson, David J., Murray, Shauna A., The Taxonomic Significance of Species That Have Only Been Observed Once: The Genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an Example, PLOS ONE, 30 August 2012, 7, 8, e44015, 10.1371/journal.pone.0044015, 22952856, 3431360, 2012PLoSO...744015T,
{{Alveolata}}{{Taxonbar|from=Q140581}}{{dinoflagellate-stub}}


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