Greek Orthodox Church

aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Greek Orthodox Church
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{about|all Orthodox jurisdictions of Greek cultural heritage|the Orthodox Church in Greece|Church of Greece}}{{more citations needed|date=November 2018}}

{{Eastern Orthodox sidebar}}The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, {{IPA-el|elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia|IPA}}), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several ChurchesDemetrios J. Constantelos, Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church, Holy Cross Orthodox Press 3rd edition (March 28, 2005)L. Rushton, Doves and magpies: village women in the Greek Orthodox Church Women's religious experience, Croom Helm, 1983Paul Yuzyk, The Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada, 1918–1951, University of Ottawa Press, 1981 within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek,Demetrios J. Constantelos, The Greek Orthodox Church: faith, history, and practice, Seabury Press, 1967 the original language of the Septuagint and the New Testament,Daniel B. Wallace: BOOK,weblink Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament, page 12,, Zondervan, 1997.Robert H. Stein: BOOK,weblink The method and message of Jesus' teachings, page 4,, Westminster John Knox Press, 1994. and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire. Greek Orthodox Christianity has also traditionally placed heavy emphasis and awarded high prestige to traditions of Eastern Orthodox monasticism and asceticism, with origins in Early Christianity in the Near East and in Byzantine Anatolia.Historically, the term "Greek Orthodox" has also been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches in general, since "Greek" in "Greek Orthodox" can refer to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire.WEB,weblink Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, Kelly, Boyd, August 8, 1999, Taylor & Francis, Google Books, Edwin Pears, The destruction of the Greek Empire and the story of the capture of Constantinople by the Turks, Haskell House, 1968BOOK
, Millar
, Fergus
, A Greek Roman Empire : power and belief under Theodosius II (408–450)
, University of California Press
, 2006
, 0-520-24703-5
, 279 pages
, During the first eight centuries of Christian history, most major intellectual, cultural, and social developments in the Christian Church took place within the Empire or in the sphere of its influence,Tanner, Norman P. The Councils of the Church, {{ISBN|0-8245-1904-3}}The Byzantine legacy in the Orthodox Church by John Meyendorff – 1982 where the Greek language was widely spoken and used for most theological writings. Over time, most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople were adopted by all, and still provide the basic patterns of contemporary Orthodoxy.Hugh Wybrew, The Orthodox liturgy: the development of the eucharistic liturgy in the Byzantine rite – 1990The Christian Churches of the East, Vol. II: Churches Not in Communion with Rome by Donald Attwater – 1962J Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes (1987) Thus, the Eastern Church came to be called "Greek" Orthodox in the same way that the Western Church is called "Roman" Catholic. However, the appellation "Greek" was abandoned by the Slavic and other Eastern Orthodox churches in connection with their peoples' national awakenings, from as early as the 10th century A.D.Joan Mervyn Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990BOOK, The Entry of the Slavs into Christendom: An Introduction to the Medieval History of the Slavs, Vlasto, A. P., 1970, Cambridge University Press, 0521074592, Cambridge, English, 637411069, BOOK,weblink Българска история в европейски контекст, Pantev, Andrey Lazarov, 2000, IK "Khristo Botev", 9544456708, bg, 45153811, Thus, today it is generally only those churches that are most closely tied to Greek or Byzantine culture that are called "Greek Orthodox".


The Greek Orthodox churches are descended from churches which the Apostles founded in the Balkans and the Middle East during the first century A.D.,BOOK, Janet Saltzman Chafetz, Helen Rose Ebaugh, Religion and the New Immigrants: Continuities and Adaptations in Immigrant Congregations,weblink 2 September 2013, 18 October 2000, AltaMira Press, 978-0-7591-1712-9, 155, The distinctive characteristics of the Greek Orthodox Church are its sense of continuity with the ancient Church of Christ and the Apostles and its changelessness. The Orthodox church traces its existence, through the ordinatinon of Bishops. directly back to the Apostles and through them to Jesus., BOOK, Sally Bruyneel, Alan G. Padgett, Introducing Christianity,weblink 2 September 2013, 2003, Orbis Books, 978-1-60833-134-5, 7, The Eastern Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Churches are the oldest with roots going back to the earliest Christian groups., BOOK, Benjamin Jerome Hubbard, John T. Hatfield, James A. Santucci, An Educator's Classroom Guide to America's Religious Beliefs and Practices,weblink 2 September 2013, 2007, Libraries Unlimited, 978-1-59158-409-4, 63, The Orthodox Church traces its origins to the churches founded by the apostles in the Middle East and the Balkans in the first century., BOOK, Robert L. Plummer, Journeys of Faith: Evangelicalism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Anglicanism,weblink 2 September 2013, 6 March 2012, Zondervan, 978-0-310-41671-5, 128, Catholicism holds that if a Church claims to be Christian, then it must be able to show that its leaders-its bishops and its presbyters (or priests)- are successors of the apostles. That is why the Catholic Church accepts Eastern Orthodox ordinations and sacraments as valid, even though Eastern Orthodoxy is not in full communion with Rome., BOOK, William A. Dyrness, Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church,weblink 2 September 2013, 25 September 2009, InterVarsity Press, 978-0-8308-7811-6, 244, This connection is apparent through the historical succession of bishops of churches in a particular geographic locale and by fidelity to the teachings of the apostles (cf. Acts 2:42) and life as it developed in the patristic tradition and was articulated by the seven ecumenical councils., BOOK, Heidi A Campbell, Heidi Campbell, When Religion Meets New Media,weblink 2 September 2013, 22 March 2010, Routledge, 978-0-203-69537-1, 13, There are three branches within Christianity: Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant. ... The Christian church draws its lineage and roots from the time of Jesus Christ and the apostles in CE 25–30 and the birth of the Church at Pentecost in ..., BOOK, Wendy Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions,weblink 2 September 2013, January 1999, Merriam-Webster, 978-0-87779-044-0, 309, EASTERN ORTHODOXY, one of the major branches of CHRISTIANITY, characterized by its continuity with the apostolic church, its liturgy, and its territorial churches., and they maintain many traditions practiced in the ancient Church. Orthodox Churches, unlike the Catholic Church, have no single Supreme Pontiff, or Bishop (see also: Pontifex maximus), and hold the belief that Christ is the head of the Church. However, they are each governed by a committee of Bishops, called the Holy Synod, with one central Bishop holding the honorary title of "first among equals".Greek Orthodox Churches are united in communion with each other, as well as with the other Eastern Orthodox Churches. The Orthodox hold a common doctrine and a common form of worship, and they see themselves not as separate Churches but as administrative units of one single Church. They are notable for their extensive tradition of iconography (see also: Byzantine art), for their veneration of the Mother of God and the Saints, and for their use of the Divine Liturgy on Sundays, which is a standardized worship service dating back to the fourth century A.D. in its current form. The most commonly used Divine Liturgy of the Orthodox Church was written by Saint John Chrysostom (347–407 A.D.). Others are attributed to St. Basil the Great, St. James, the Brother of God and St. Gregory the Dialogist.The current territory of the Greek Orthodox Churches more or less covers the areas in the Balkans, Anatolia, and the Eastern Mediterranean that used to be a part of the Byzantine Empire. The majority of Greek Orthodox Christians live within Greece and elsewhere in the southern Balkans including Albania, but also in Jordan, the Palestinian territories, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Anatolia, European Turkey, and the South Caucasus. In addition, due to the large Greek diaspora, there are many Greek Orthodox Christians who live in North America and Australia. Orthodox Christians in Finland, who compose about 1% of the population, are also under the jurisdiction of a Greek Orthodox Church (the Ecumenical Patriarchate).There are also many Greek Orthodox Christians, with origins dating back to the Byzantine and Ottoman periods, who are of Arabic-speaking or mixed Greek and Arabic-speaking ancestry and live in southern Turkey, Israel, Palestine, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Egypt. They attend churches which conduct their services in Arabic, the common language of most Greek Orthodox believers in the Levant, while at the same time maintaining elements of the Byzantine Greek cultural tradition.Ethnic Greeks in Russia and Greeks in Ukraine, as well as Pontic Greeks and Caucasus Greeks from the former Russian Transcaucasus, often consider themselves both Greek Orthodox and Russian Orthodox, which is consistent with the Orthodox faith (since Orthodoxy is the same across ethnic boundaries). Thus, they may attend services held in Old Russian and Old Church Slavonic, without this in any way undermining their Orthodox faith or distinct Greek ethnic identity. Over the centuries, these Pontic Greek-speaking Greek Orthodox communities have mixed through intermarriage in varying degrees with ethnic Russians and other Orthodox Christians from mainly Southern Russia, where most of them settled between the Middle Ages and early 19th century.


File:AgiosAndreas.jpg|thumb|right|180px|St Andrew's Cathedral, PatrasSt Andrew's Cathedral, PatrasThe churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable are: File:Holy Wisdom Salonica 1.jpg|Hagia Sophia, ThessalonikiFile:01.Agios Minas Kathedrale Heraklion Westfassade.JPG|Agios Minas Cathedral, HeraklionFile:Wien - Griechenkirche zur Heiligen Dreifaltigkeit.JPG|Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, Vienna, designed by Theophil Hansen (1856)File:Fener Rum Lisesi.jpg|The building (1881) of the Phanar Greek Orthodox College (Phanari), established in 1454

See also

{{col-begin|width=auto}}{{col-break}} {{col-break|gap=4em}} {{col-end}}



Further reading

  • Aderny, Walter F. The Greek and Eastern Churches (1908) online
  • Constantelos, Demetrios J. Understanding the Greek Orthodox church: its faith, history, and practice (Seabury Press, 19820
  • Fortesque, Adrian. The Orthodox Eastern Church (1929)
  • Hussey, Joan Mervyn. The orthodox church in the Byzantine empire (Oxford University Press, 2010) online
  • Kephala, Euphrosyne. The Church of the Greek People Past and Present (1930)
  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott. ' Christianity in a Revolutionary Age, II: The Nineteenth Century in Europe: The Protestant and Eastern Churches. (1959) 2: 479-484; Christianity in a Revolutionary Age, IV: The Twentieth Century in Europe: The Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Churches'' (1958)
  • BOOK, McGuckin, John Anthony, John Anthony McGuckin, The Encyclopedia of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, 2 vols, (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011),

External links

  • {{Commons category-inline|Greek Orthodox Church}}
{{-}}{{Greek Orthodox Christianity}} {{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Greek Orthodox Church" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 4:11am EDT - Thu, Oct 17 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott