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Generalife
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factoids
The Palacio de Generalife ({{IPA-es|xe.ne.ɾa.ˈli.fe}}; Jannat al-‘Arīf, literally, "Architect's Garden") was the summer palace and country estate of the Nasrid rulers of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus, now beside the city of Granada in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.

History

The palace and gardens were built during the reign of Muhammed II (1273-1302), Sultan of Granada, and later by Muhammed III (1302–1309). They were redecorated shortly after by Abu I-Walid Isma'il (1313–1324). Much of the garden is a recent reconstruction of dubious authenticity.WEB,weblink Gardens and Landscapes in Historic Building Conservation, Marion Harney, 908, Books.google.com, 2016-10-31, Théophile Gautier, a mid-19th century visitor, complained that: {{Quotation|Of the Generalife nothing now remains but some arcades and some large panels of arabesques, unfortunately plastered over with layers of whitewash that have been applied again and again with all the obstinacy of a dispiriting cleanliness. Little by little the delicate sculptures and the marvellous guilloches of this fairy-like architecture have been obliterated, filled up, and engulfed. What is at present nothing more than a faintly-vermiculated wall, was formerly open lace-work as fine as those ivory leaves which the patience of the Chinese carves for fans.Romantic Castles and Palaces, As Seen and Described by Famous Writers, edited and translated by Esther Singleton; New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1901; pp. 169-173.}}(File:Alhambra Gärten Generalife und Castillo Silla del Moro al-Sabika-Hügel Alhambra Andalusien Spanien Foto Wolfgang Pehlemann P1100743.jpg|thumb|left|upright=1.4|Generalife (below) and well recognizable Castillo Silla del Moro (above) on the hill Al-Sabika, Alhambra in Granada)

Design

(File:Generalife Palace.jpg|thumb|The Patio de la Acequia before the installation of modern fountains)The complex consists of the Patio de la Acequia (Court of the Water Channel or Water-Garden Courtyard), which has a long pool framed by flowerbeds, fountains, colonnades and pavilions, and the Jardím de la Sultana (Sultana's Garden or Courtyard of the Cypress). The former is thought to best preserve the style of the medieval Persian garden in Al-Andalus.Originally the palace was linked to the Alhambra by a covered walkway across the ravine that now divides them. The Generalife is one of the oldest surviving Moorish gardens.Burton, Rosemary and Cavendish, Richard (2003). Wonders of the World: 100 Great Man-Made Treasures of Civilization. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., {{ISBN|1-58663-751-7}}, p.27.

20th century

The present-day gardens were started in 1931 and completed by Francisco Prieto Moreno in 1951. The walkways are paved in traditional Granadian style with a mosaic of pebbles: white ones from the River Darro and black ones from the River Genil.Núñez, J. Agustín (Ed.). (2002). Muslim and Christian Granada. Edilux. {{ISBN|84-95856-07-7}}.The Generalife is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Granada, along with the Alhambra palace and gardens, and the Albayzín district.File:Alhambra Garden.JPG|View of the Cypress Court.File:Alhambra-Generalife 1.jpg|A window of the GeneralifeFile:Fountain generalife.jpg|Splash from fountains evaporating off stone cools the airFile:Generalife Gardens, Granada (Spain).jpg|Generalife GardensFile:Granada-Day2-27_(48004317723).jpg|The Entrance Gardens into the GeneralifeThere is an imitation of part of the Generalife at Roundhay Park in Leeds, UK.

See also

References

{{Reflist}}{{clear}}

External links

{{Commons category|Generalife}} {{World Heritage Sites in Spain}}{{Spanish royal sites}}{{Coord|37|10|37|N|3|35|07|W|region:ES-AN_type:landmark_source:dewiki|display=title}}{{Authority control}}

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- "Generalife" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 6:35am EDT - Tue, Aug 20 2019
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