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Fox News
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{{other uses}}{{pp|small=yes}}{{short description|American television news channel}}{{cleanup-PR|1=article|date=April 2018}}{{Use mdy dates|date=October 2018}}







factoids
| sat serv 1 = DirecTV| sat chan 1 = Channel 360 (SD/HD)| sat serv 2 = Dish Network| sat chan 2 = Channel 205 (SD/HD)| sat serv 3 = Bell TV (Canada)| sat chan 3 = Channel 507| sat serv 4 = Shaw Direct (Canada)| sat chan 4 = Channel 154Channel 503| sat serv 5 = Foxtel (Australia)| sat chan 5 = Channel 604SKY TV (New Zealand)>SKY TV (New Zealand)| sat chan 6 = Channel 088| sat serv 7 = Sky Italia| sat chan 7 = Channel 514| sat serv 9 = Digital+| sat chan 9 = Channel 77| sat serv 11 = StarHub| sat chan 11 = Channel 702| sat serv 12 = MEO (Portugal)| sat chan 12 = Channel 208| sat serv 13 = Cignal (Philippines)| sat chan 13 = Channel 131| sat serv 14 = OSN| sat chan 14 = Channel 411beIN Channels Network>beIN| sat chan 15 = Channel 147 (HD)Oi (telecommunications)>Oi TV (Brazil)| sat chan 16 = Channel 184| sat serv 17 = Movistar TV (Chile)| sat chan 17 = Channel 734 | cable serv 1 = Available on most US providers| cable chan 1 = Channel slots vary on each operator| cable serv 2 = Cablevisión (Argentina)| cable chan 2 = Channel 552 (Digital)Macau Cable TV) (Macau)| cable chan 3 = Channel 816| cable serv 4 = Cable TV Hong Kong (Hong Kong)| cable chan 4 = Channel 123| cable serv 5 = Movistar TV (Peru)| cable chan 5 = Channel 548Sirius Satellite Radio>Sirius| sat radio chan 1 = Channel 114XM Satellite Radio>XM| sat radio chan 2 = Channel 115| iptv serv 1 = Sky Angel| iptv chan 1 = Channel 318| iptv serv 2 = Verizon FiOS| iptv chan 2 = Channel 118 (SD)Channel 618 (HD)| iptv serv 3 = Bell Fibe TV (Canada)| iptv chan 3 = Channel 507| iptv serv 4 = VMedia (Canada)| iptv chan 4 = Channel 181Telus TV>Optik TV| iptv chan 5 = Channel 811 (HD; East) Channel 9811 (SD; West)Now TV (Hong Kong)>now TV(Hong Kong)| iptv chan 6 = Channel 318| online serv 1 = FoxNewsGo.com| online chan 1 = Watch live(United States)| online serv 2 = PlayStation VueIPTV>Internet Protocol television}}Fox News (officially Fox News Channel and abbreviated FNC) is an American pay television news channel. It is owned by the Fox News Group, which itself was owned by News Corporation from 1996–2013, 21st Century Fox from 2013–2019, and Fox Corporation since 2019. The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in New York City. Fox News is provided in 86 countries or overseas territories worldwide,NEWS,weblink Where in the World is FOX?, March 1, 2011, Fox News, February 2, 2018, en-US, with international broadcasts featuring Fox Extra segments during ad breaks.The channel was created by Australian-American media mogul Rupert Murdoch to appeal to a conservative audience, hiring former Republican Party media consultant and CNBC executive Roger Ailes as its founding CEO.NEWS,weblink At the new Fox News Channel, the buzzword is fairness, separating news from bias, The New York Times, Lawrie, Mifflin, October 7, 1996, May 4, 2010, WEB,weblink Divisive Ailes gave conservatives a TV home at Fox News, July 21, 2016, www.reuters.com, It launched on October 7, 1996, to 17 million cable subscribers. Fox News grew during the late 1990s and 2000s to become the dominant subscription news network in the US.Gillette, Felix (October 1, 2008). "Viewers Continuing to Flock to Cable News Networks". The New York Observer. {{as of|2015|February|}}, approximately 94,700,000 US households (81.4% of television subscribers) receive Fox News.WEB,weblink List of how many homes each cable network is in as of February 2015, Seidman, Robert, February 22, 2015, TV by the Numbers, Zap2it, March 14, 2015, Murdoch is the current executive chairman and Suzanne Scott is the CEO.NEWS, Steinberg, Brian,weblink Suzanne Scott Named CEO of Fox News, Variety (magazine), Variety, May 17, 2018, May 17, 2018, NEWS,weblink Roger Ailes Resigns From Fox News Amid Sexual Harassment Accusations, July 21, 2016, Time, WEB,weblink Roger Ailes leaves Fox News in wake of sexual harassment claims, The Guardian, July 21, 2016, Fox News has been described as practicing biased reporting in favor of the Republican Party, the George W. Bush and Donald Trump administrations and conservative causes while slandering the Democratic Party and spreading harmful propaganda intended to negatively affect its members' electoral performances.BOOK,weblink The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism, Skocpol, Theda, Williamson, Vanessa, September 1, 2016, Oxford University Press, 9780190633660, Oxford, New York, 5, 8, 86, 123, 125, 130–140, the challenge of spreading and germinating the Tea Party idea was surmounted with impressive ease because a major sector of the U.S. media today is openly partisan—including Fox News Channel, the right-wing "blogosphere," and a nationwide network of right- wing talk radio programs. This aptly named conservative media "echo chamber" reaches into the homes of many Americans ... Towering above all others is the Fox News empire, the loudest voice in conservative media. Despite its claim to be "fair and balanced," multiple studies have documented Fox's conservative stance ... Fox News's conservative slant encourages a particular worldview., BOOK,weblink Echo Chamber: Rush Limbaugh and the Conservative Media Establishment, Jamieson, Kathleen Hall, Cappella, Joseph N., February 4, 2010, Oxford University Press, 9780195398601, Oxford, New York, We do this to illustrate the ways Fox News, Limbaugh, and the print and web editorial pages of the Wall Street Journal play both offense and defense in service of conservative objectives. As these case studies will suggest, the big three reinforce each other's conservative messages in ways that distinguish them from the other major broadcast media, CBS, NBC, ABC, CNN, MSNBC, and major print outlets such as the Washington Post and New York Times., BOOK,weblink Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats, Grossman, Matt, Hopkins, David A., October 13, 2016, Oxford University Press, 9780190626600, Oxford, New York, 175, Critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of news overall,BOOK, Anthony Collings, Capturing the News: Three Decades of Reporting Crisis and Conflict,weblink 2010, University of Missouri Press, 978-0-8262-7211-9, 166, BOOK, Jonathan McCollum, David G. Hebert, Theory and Method in Historical Ethnomusicology,weblink 2014, Lexington Books, 978-1-4985-0705-9, 95, and a study conducted by Fairleigh Dickinson University in 2011 found that Fox News viewers were on average less informed than those who had not watched the news at all.WEB, Some News Leaves People Knowing Less,weblink Public Mind, Fairleigh Dickinson University, April 20, 2019, November 21, 2011, A study from the University of Maryland also found the channel's viewers to be less informed than average.WEB, Voters Say Election Full of Misleading and False Information, World Public Opinion, University of Maryland, April 19, 2019,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160730032357weblink">weblink July 30, 2016, December 9, 2010, Fox News employees have said that news reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, and have denied bias in news reporting, while former employees have said that Fox ordered them to "slant the news in favor of conservatives."NEWS, Memmott, Mark,weblink Fox newspeople say allegations of bias unfounded, USA Today, September 2, 2004, August 15, 2009,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, NEWS,weblink White House Escalates War of Words With Fox News, Fox News, October 12, 2009, October 12, 2009,weblink November 22, 2010, no,

History

missing image!
- Roger Ailes, TV Titan 01.jpg -
Roger Ailes and Rupert Murdoch established Fox News in 1996.
In May 1985, Australian publisher Rupert Murdoch announced he and American industrialist and philanthropist Marvin Davis intended to develop "a network of independent stations as a fourth marketing force" to compete directly with CBS, NBC, and ABC through the purchase of six television stations owned by Metromedia.Lenzner, Robert (May 5, 1985). "Murdoch, partner plan 4th network". The Boston Globe. Section: National/Foreign; Page 1 (the six stations cover many of the nation's major markets â€“ New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Dallas, Houston and Washington) In July 1985, 20th Century Fox announced Murdoch had completed his purchase of 50% of Fox Filmed Entertainment, the parent company of 20th Century Fox Film Corporation."$55.9 Million Fox Film Loss". The New York Times. July 11, 1985. p. D19. A year later, 20th Century Fox earned $5.6 million in its fiscal third period ended May 31, 1986, in contrast to a loss of $55.8 million in the third period of the previous year."Turnaround for Fox Film". Chicago Tribune. July 17, 1986. Section: Business; p. 1. {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121105044854weblink |date=November 5, 2012 }}Subsequently, and prior to founding FNC, Murdoch had gained experience in the 24-hour news business when News Corporation's BSkyB subsidiary began Europe's first 24-hour news channel (Sky News) in the United Kingdom in 1989.Shah, Saeed (September 24, 2002). weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130508171810weblink">"Business Analysis: Unstoppable Sky machine rolls on as ITV troubles worsen Dawn Airey's free-to-air television experience will be invaluable to BSkyB as it moves beyond its pay-TV model". The Independent. Section: Business; p. 21. With the success of his fourth network efforts in the United States,Schulberg, Pete. (July 15, 1994) "Fox is a business, if not artistic, success". The Oregonian. Section: Television; Page E1.Braxton, Greg (April 6, 1997). weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070515204930weblink">"How Fox broke from the pack to become cutting-edge network". Chicago Sun-Times. experience gained from Sky News and the turnaround of 20th Century Fox, Murdoch announced on January 31, 1996, that News Corp. would launch a 24-hour news channel on cable and satellite systems in the United States as part of a News Corp. "worldwide platform" for Fox programming: "The appetite for news â€“ particularly news that explains to people how it affects them â€“ is expanding enormously".Williams, Scott (January 31, 1996). "Murdoch taps Ailes for new network; Former CNBC chief set to direct 24-hour news channel, take on CNN". Associated Press.In February 1996, after former U.S. Republican Party political strategist and NBC executiveNEWS,weblink At the new Fox News Channel, the buzzword is fairness, separating news from bias, The New York Times, Lawrie, Mifflin, October 7, 1996, May 2, 2010, Roger Ailes left cable television channel America's Talking (now MSNBC), Murdoch asked him to start Fox News Channel. Ailes demanded five months of 14-hour workdays and several weeks of rehearsal shows before its launch on October 7, 1996.WEB,weblink Fox News Channel, April 21, 2008, April 18, 2008, News Corporation,weblink November 23, 2010, yes, mdy, At its debut 17 million households were able to watch FNC;NEWS, Fox Hunts TV News Niche with Channel Debut Today, New York Daily News, Angela G., King, October 7, 1996, however, it was absent from the media markets of New York City and Los Angeles. Rolling news coverage during the day consisted of 20-minute single-topic shows such as Fox on Crime or Fox on Politics, surrounded by news headlines. Interviews featured facts at the bottom of the screen about the topic or the guest. The flagship newscast at the time was The Schneider Report, with Mike Schneider's fast-paced delivery of the news. During the evening, Fox featured opinion shows: The O'Reilly Report (later The O'Reilly Factor), The Crier Report (hosted by Catherine Crier) and Hannity & Colmes.From the beginning, FNC has placed heavy emphasis on visual presentation. Graphics were designed to be colorful and gain attention; this helped the viewer to grasp the main points of what was being said, even if they could not hear the host (with on-screen text summarizing the position of the interviewer or speaker, and "bullet points" when a host was delivering commentary). Fox News also created the "Fox News Alert", which interrupted its regular programming when a breaking news story occurred.
missing image!
- Fox News 6th 48 jeh.JPG -
Fox News Studios in 2009.
To accelerate its adoption by cable providers, Fox News paid systems up to $11 per subscriber to distribute the channel.NEWS,weblink Richard Katz, May 1996, Bold grab for subs: Murdoch offers $11 to carry Fox News, Multichannel News, September 1, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, This contrasted with the normal practice, in which cable operators paid stations carriage fees for programming. When Time Warner bought Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting System, a federal antitrust consent decree required Time Warner to carry a second all-news channel in addition to its own CNN on its cable systems. Time Warner selected MSNBC as the secondary news channel, not Fox News. Fox News claimed this violated an agreement (to carry Fox News). Citing its agreement to keep its U.S. headquarters and a large studio in New York City, News Corporation enlisted the help of Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's administration to pressure Time Warner Cable (one of the city's two cable providers) to transmit Fox News on a city-owned channel.NEWS,weblink Giuliani Pressures Time Warner to Transmit a Fox Channel, The New York Times, Mark, Landler, October 4, 1996, May 2, 2010, City officials threatened to take action affecting Time Warner's cable franchises in the city.NEWS,weblink City Hall Threatens Action if Time Warner Rejects Channel, The New York Times, Clifford J., Levy, October 5, 1996, May 2, 2010, During the September 11, 2001 attacks, Fox News was the first news organization to run a news ticker on the bottom of the screen to keep up with the flow of information that day. The ticker has remained, informing viewers about additional news which reporters may not mention on-screen and repeating news mentioned during a broadcast; it has proven popular with viewers.WEB,weblink 11 Direct Effects 9/11 Had on the Sports and Entertainment Industries, Dudak, Gary, September 11, 2012, Mandatory.com, September 13, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120920021735weblink">weblink September 20, 2012, mdy-all,

Outlets

File:FOX News Channel Stand.jpg|thumb|FNC airport newsstand at alt=Fox News airport newsstandFile:Fox News Channel newsroom.jpg|thumb|right|FNC's alt=Television news studioFNC maintains an archive of most of its programs. This archive also includes Fox Movietone newsreels. Licensing for the Fox News archive is handled by ITN Source, the archiving division of ITN.WEB,weblink ITN Archive Becomes ITN Source – Member News – News & Journal – FOCAL International, www.focalint.org, en, April 28, 2017,

Television

FNC presents a variety of programming, with up to 15 hours of live broadcasting per day in addition to programming and content for the Fox Broadcasting Company. Most programs are broadcast from Fox News headquarters in New York City (at 1211 Avenue of the Americas), in its streetside studio on Sixth Avenue in the west wing of Rockefeller Center, sharing its headquarters with sister channel Fox Business Network. Fox News Channel has eight studios at its New York City headquarters that are used for its and Fox Business' programming: Studio B (used for Fox Business programming), Studio D (which has an area for studio audiences; and is used by The Greg Gutfeld Show, Fox and Friends First), Studio F (used for The Story with Martha MacCallum, The Five, and America's Election Headquarters, Fox and Friends, Outnumbered, Outnumbered Overtime, America's News HQ, Justice with Judge Jeanine) Studio G (which houses Fox Business shows), Studio H (Fox News Deck used for Shepard Smith Reporting and breaking news coverage), Studio J (used for America's Newsroom, Hannity and Justice with Judge Jeanine) Starting with {{nfly|2018}}, Thursday Night Football will have its pregame show, Fox NFL Thursday originate from the Fox News studio.The remaining programs (such as Tucker Carlson Tonight, Special Report with Bret Baier, The Ingraham Angle, Fox News @ Night, and editions of America's News HQ not broadcast from the New York City studios) are broadcast from Fox News's Washington, D.C. studios, located on Capitol Hill across from Union Station in a secured building shared by a number of other television networks (including NBC News and C-SPAN). Audio simulcasts of the channel are aired on XM Satellite Radio and Sirius Satellite Radio.In an October 11, 2009, in a New York Times article, Fox said its hard-news programming runs from "9 a.m. to 4 p.m. and 6 to 8 p.m. on weekdays" and "[is] objective"; however, it makes no such claims for its other broadcasts, which primarily consist of editorial journalism and commentary.Stelter, Brian. "Fox's Volley With Obama Intensifying." NYT. Oct.11, 2009. Retrieved via nytimes.com on Nov.16, 2009.Fox News Channel began broadcasting in the 720p resolution format on May 1, 2008.WEB,weblink Multichannel News April 29, 2008 Fox News to make HD bow with Time Warner, Multichannel.com, August 15, 2009,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, This format is available on all major cable and satellite providers.The Fox News Group produces Fox News Sunday, which airs on the Fox Broadcasting Company and re-airs on FNC. Fox News also produces occasional special event coverage that is broadcast on FBC.

Radio

With the growth of FNC, the company introduced a radio division, Fox News Radio, in 2003.BOOK,weblink Media Ethics: Cases and Moral Reasoning, Christians, Clifford G., Fackler, Mark, Richardson, Kathy Brittain, Kreshel, Peggy, Woods, Robert H., October 4, 2016, Routledge, 9781134841561, en, Syndicated throughout the United States, the division provides short newscasts and talk radio programs featuring personalities from the television and radio divisions. In 2006, the company also introduced Fox News Talk, a satellite radio station featuring programs syndicated by (and featuring) Fox News personalities.

Online

Introduced in December 1995,NEWS,weblink Privacy Policy, Fox News, July 1, 2013, October 20, 2013, the Fox News website features the latest coverage (including columns by FNC television, radio and online personalities). Video clips are also available on Foxnews.com and Foxbusiness.com. Fox News Latino is the version aimed at the Hispanic audience, although presented almost entirely in English, with a Spanish section.WEB,weblink Fox News Latino, November 23, 2015, In September 2008, FNC joined other channels in introducing a live streaming segment to its website: The Strategy Room, designed to appeal to older viewers. It airs weekdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and takes the form of an informal discussion, with running commentary on the news. Regular discussion programs include Business Hour, News With a View and God Talk."For Talking Heads, a Spot to Relax and Sip Coffee, on Webcam " The New York Times. February 15, 2009. In March 2009, The Fox Nation was launched as a website intended to encourage readers to post, commenting on the news.Welcome to the Fox Nation Foxnews.com, March 30, 2009 Fox News Mobile is the portion of the FNC website dedicated to streaming news clips formatted for video-enabled mobile phones.NEWS,weblink Fox News Mobile website, Foxnews.com, June 12, 2008, August 15, 2009,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy,

Ratings and reception

In 2003, Fox News saw a large ratings jump during the early stages of the US invasion of Iraq. At the height of the conflict, according to some reports, Fox News had as much as a 300% increase in viewership (averaging 3.3 million viewers daily).NEWS,weblink War coverage lifts News Corp, BBC, November 29, 2005, August 13, 2003,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, In 2004, Fox News' ratings for its broadcast of the Republican National Convention exceeded those of the three major broadcast networks. During President George W. Bush's address, Fox News attracted 7.3 million viewers nationally; NBC, ABC, and CBS had a viewership of 5.9 million, 5.1 million, and 5.0 million respectively.Between late-2005 and early-2006, Fox News saw a brief decline in ratings. One was in the second quarter of 2006, when it lost viewers for every prime-time program compared with the previous quarter. The audience for the Special Report with Brit Hume, for example, dropped 19%. Several weeks later, in the wake of the 2006 North Korean missile test and the 2006 Lebanon War, Fox saw a surge in viewership and remained the #1-rated cable news channel.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080517073747weblink">FNC's 25–54 Prime "Downward Spiral", TV Newserweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100803033420weblink">Cable TV: Content Analysis, The State of the News Media 2005 Fox produced eight of the top ten most-watched nightly cable news shows, with The O'Reilly Factor and Hannity & Colmes finishing first and second respectively.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070614001942weblink">April 2005 Competitive Program Ranker (M-F 6a-11p programs), TV NewserFNC ranked #8 in viewership among all cable channels in 2006, and #6 in 2007.WEB,weblink Fox News Channel Leads in 2007 Cable News Ratings, Broadcastingcable.com, August 27, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, The channel ranked #1 during the week of Barack Obama's election (November 3–9) in 2008, and reached the top spot again in January 2010 (during the week of the special Senate election in Massachusetts).Fox News Channel tops USA in cable ratings Reuters January 27, 2010 Comparing Fox to its 24-hour-news-channel competitors, in May 2010 the channel drew an average daily prime-time audience of 1.8 million viewers (versus 747,000 for MSNBC and 595,000 for CNN).'Fox News North' primed for launch The Globe and Mail June 15, 2010In September 2009, the Pew Research Center published a report on the public view of national news organizations. In the report, 72 percent of polled Republican Fox viewers rated the channel as "favorable", while 43 percent of polled Democratic viewers and 55 percent of all polled viewers shared that opinion. However, Fox was given the highest "unfavorable" rating of all national outlets studied (25 percent of all polled viewers). The report went on to say, "partisan differences in views of Fox News have increased substantially since 2007".WEB, Press Accuracy Rating Hits Two-Decade Low,weblinkweblink November 23, 2010, yes, mdy-all, September 16, 2009, A Public Policy Polling poll concluded in 2013 that perceptions of FNC had declined from 2010. 41% of polled voters said they trust it, down from 49% in 2010, while 46% said they distrust it, up from 37% in 2010. It was also called the "most trusted" network by 34% of those polled, more than had said the same of any other network.Fox News' Credibility Declines Public Policy Polling February 6, 2013File:2012 DNC day 3 Fox News (7959676796).jpg|thumb|Then-Fox anchor Megyn Kelly covering the 2012 Democratic National Convention2012 Democratic National ConventionOn the night of October 22, 2012, Fox set a record for its highest-rated telecast ever, with 11.5 million viewers for the third U.S. presidential debate.WEB,weblink Final Debate Breaks Fox News Ratings Record With 11.5 Million, Topping Cable Competition, Michael O'Connell, October 23, 2012, The Hollywood Reporter, September 30, 2014, WEB, Patten, Dominic, UPDATE: 59.2M Watch Final Presidential Debate; NBC Wins Coverage Battle,weblink Deadline, In prime time the week before, Fox averaged almost 3.7 million viewers with a total day average of 1.66 million viewers.NEWS, Flint, Joe, Fox News scores big ratings win,weblink Los Angeles Times, October 23, 2012, In prime time and total day ratings for the week of April 15 to 21, 2013, Fox News, propelled by its coverage of the Boston Marathon bombing, was the highest-ranked network on U.S. cable television, for the first time since August 2005, when Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast of the United States.WEB,weblink Fox News Tops All Cable For 1st Time Since 2005, April 23, 2007, Deadline, September 30, 2014, January 2014 marked Fox News's 145th consecutive month as the number one rated cable news channel. During that month, Fox News beat CNN and MSNBC combined in overall viewers in both prime time hours and the total day.WEB,weblink Fox News Channel Tops Cable News Ratings In January – Deadline, January 28, 2014, Deadline, September 30, 2014, In the third quarter of 2014, the network was the most-watched cable channel during prime time hours.WEB,weblink Fox News Nabs Historic Cable Ratings Victory, Michael O'Connell, September 30, 2014, The Hollywood Reporter, September 30, 2014, During the final week of the campaign for the United States elections, 2014, Fox News had the highest ratings of any cable channel, news or otherwise. On election night itself, Fox News' coverage had higher ratings than that of any of the other five cable or network news sources among viewers between 25 and 54 years of age.NEWS, Zurawik, David, New level of Fox News dominance demands analysis, not dismissal, Baltimore Sun, November 17, 2014,weblink November 23, 2014, The network hosted the first prime-time GOP candidates' forum of the 2016 campaign on August 6. The debate reached a record-breaking 24 million viewers, by far the largest audience ever for any cable news event.NEWS,weblink Money.CNN, Fox's GOP debate had record 24 million viewers, August 7, 2015, David, Bauder, August 8, 2015, In 2018 the network was rated by Nielsen as America's most watched cable network, averaging a record 2.4 million viewers between December and January 1st. WEB,weblink Fox News Ends 2018 as Most Watched Cable Network, Umstead, R. Thomas, Multichannel, en-us, 2019-04-04,

Demographics

As indicated by a New York Times article, based on Nielsen statistics, Fox appears to have a mostly aged demographic.NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Bill, Carter, Fox Viewers May Be Graying, but Their Passion Still Pays, July 22, 2013, In 2008, in the 25–54 age group, Fox News had an average of 557,000 viewers, but dropped to 379,000 in 2013 while increasing its overall audience from 1.89 million in 2010 to 2.02 million in 2013. The median age of a prime-time viewer was 68 {{as of|2015|lc=y}}.NEWS, Saba, Jennifer, Fox Scandals May Weaken Murdochs' TV Future,weblink April 12, 2017, The New York Times, April 4, 2017, A study done by the Pew Research Center found that around 60% of Fox News viewers identify as conservative."In Changing News Landscape, Even Television is Vulnerable. Trends in News Consumption: 1991–2012." Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C. (September 27, 2012).weblink to a 2013 Gallup poll, 94% of Fox viewers "Either identify as or lean Republican".NEWS,weblink TV Is Americans' Main Source of News, Lydia, Saad, July 8, 2013, Gallup, August 10, 2018, Two-thirds of core Fox News viewers identify themselves as Republican, and 94% either identify as or lean Republican.,

Slogan

Fox News Channel originally used the slogan "Fair and Balanced", which was coined by network co-founder Roger Ailes while the network was being established. The New York Times described the slogan as being a "blunt signal that Fox News planned to counteract what Mr. Ailes and many others viewed as a liberal bias ingrained in television coverage by establishment news networks."NEWS,weblink Fox News Drops 'Fair and Balanced' Motto, The New York Times, Michael M. Grynbaum, June 14, 2017, June 15, 2017, WEB, Fox News no longer "fair and balanced" as network sheds longtime slogan,weblink Salon, June 16, 2017, In August 2003, Fox sued comedian Al Franken over his use of the slogan as a subtitle for his book, (Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them|Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them: A Fair and Balanced Look at the Right), which is critical of Fox News Channel.de Moraes, Lisa (August 12, 2003). Three Little Words: Fox News Sues. The Washington Post The lawsuit was dropped three days later, after Judge Denny Chin refused its request for an injunction. In his decision, Chin ruled the case was "wholly without merit, both factually and legally". He went on to suggest that Fox News' trademark on the phrase "fair and balanced" could be invalid.Phil Hirschkorn (August 22, 2003). Fox News loses attempt to block satirist's book. CNN In December 2003, FNC won a legal battle concerning the slogan, when AlterNet filed a cancellation petition with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to have FNC's trademark rescinded as inaccurate. AlterNet included Robert Greenwald's documentary film Outfoxed (2004) as supporting evidence in its case.Coyle, Jake (July 19, 2004). Advocacy Groups Challenge Fox News Slogan. Associated Press After losing early motions, AlterNet withdrew its petition; the USPTO dismissed the case.Official Documentation of Petitioned Cancellation of "Fair & Balanced" trademark phrase, Trademark Trial and Appeal Board Inquiry System In 2008, FNC used the slogan "We Report, You Decide", referring to "You Decide 2008" (FNC's original slogan for its coverage of election issues).In August 2016, Fox News Channel began to quietly phase out the "Fair and Balanced" slogan in favor of "Most Watched, Most Trusted"; when these changes were reported in June 2017 by Gabriel Sherman (a writer who had written a biography on Ailes), a network executive said the change "has nothing to do with programming or editorial decisions." It was speculated by media outlets that Fox News Channel was wishing to distance itself from Ailes' tenure at the network.WEB,weblink Fox News drops 'fair and balanced' slogan without announcement, BBC News, June 15, 2017, June 15, 2017, In March 2018, the network introduced a new ad campaign, Real News. Real Honest Opinion. The ad campaign is intended to promote the network's opinion-based programming and counter perceptions surrounding "fake news".WEB,weblink Fox News Debuts New Slogan: 'Real News. Real Honest Opinion.', March 12, 2018, The Daily Beast, en, March 14, 2018, NEWS,weblink Fox News launching new ad campaign: 'Real news. Real honest opinion', Balluck, Kyle, March 12, 2018, TheHill, March 14, 2018, en, Fox News still keeps both the "Fair & Balanced" and "Most Watched. Most Trusted." slogans.

Content

{{Very long|section|date=February 2018}}{{Undue weight section|date=March 2018}}

Benghazi attack and aftermath

Fox News provided extensive coverage of the 2012 Benghazi attack, which host Sean Hannity described in December 2012 as "the story that the mainstream media ignores" and "obviously, a cover-up. And we will get to the bottom of it."WEB,weblink Opinion - Why has Fox News abandoned Benghazi?,weblink Washington Post, August 2, 2018, Programming analysis by Media Matters found that during the twenty months following the Benghazi attacks, FNC ran 1,098 segments on the issue, including:WEB,weblink REPORT: Fox's Benghazi Obsession By The Numbers, September 9, 2014, August 2, 2018,
  • 478 segments involving Susan Rice's September 16, 2012 Sunday news show appearances, during which she was falsely accused of lying
  • 382 segments on Special Report, the network's flagship news program
  • 281 segments alleging a "cover-up" by the Obama administration
  • 144 interviews of GOP members of Congress, but only five interviews of Democratic members of Congress and Obama administration officials
  • 120 comparisons to Iran-Contra, Watergate, and the actions of the Nixon administration
  • 100 segments falsely suggesting the administration issued a "stand-down order" to prevent a rescue operation in Benghazi
Over nearly four years after the Benghazi attack, there were ten official investigations, including six by Republican-controlled House committees. None of the investigations found any evidence of scandal, cover-up or lying by Obama administration officials.On June 29, 2018, Fox News broadcast a segment by news anchor Bret Baier entitled "Whatever happened to the Benghazi investigation?" which repeated some of the accusations the network had previously made about Susan Rice and Hillary Clinton, but for which the women had been exonerated by the official investigations.WEB,weblink Whatever happened to the Benghazi investigation?, June 29, 2018, Fox News, August 3, 2018,

Uranium One

From 2015 into 2018, Fox News broadcast extensive coverage of an alleged scandal surrounding the sale of Uranium One to Russian interests, which host Sean Hannity characterized as "one of the biggest scandals in American history."WEB,weblink Hannity: Uranium One Deal 'One of the Biggest Scandals in American History', October 26, 2017, August 3, 2018, The Fox News coverage extended throughout the programming day, with particular emphasis by Hannity.WEB,weblink Study: Fox spent nearly 12 hours pushing the Uranium One pseudoscandal over the last three weeks, November 8, 2017, August 3, 2018, The network promoted an ultimately unfounded narrative asserting that, as Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton personally approved the Uranium One sale in exchange for $145 million in bribes paid to the Clinton Foundation. Donald Trump repeated these allegations as a candidate and as president.WEB,weblink Donald Trump Complete - Search Tweets, Speeches, Policies - Factbase, Factbase, Factbase, August 3, 2018, WEB,weblink Fox News's Shepard Smith debunks his network's favorite Hillary Clinton 'scandal,' infuriates viewers, Washington Post, August 3, 2018, WEB,weblink Fox News Reports: Sean Hannity Is a Liar, fb, November 15, 2017, August 3, 2018, YouTube, No evidence of wrongdoing by Clinton had been found after three years of allegations, an FBI investigation, and the 2017 appointment of a Federal attorney to evaluate the investigation. In November 2017, Fox News host Shepard Smith concisely debunked the alleged scandal, infuriating viewers who suggested he should work for CNN or MSNBC. Hannity later called Smith "clueless," while Smith stated, "I get it, that some of our opinion programming is there strictly to be entertaining. I get that. I don't work there. I wouldn't work there."WEB,weblink Fox News fight: Shepard Smith, Sean Hannity trade insults, August 3, 2018, WEB,weblink Shepard Smith on Fox News 'Opinion Programming': Shows Exist 'Strictly to Be Entertaining', www.mediaite.com, August 3, 2018,

Pro-Republican and pro-Trump bias

Fox News Channel has been widely described as providing biased reporting in favor of conservative political positions,JOURNAL, Azari, Julia, 2016, How the News Media Helped to Nominate Trump, Political Communication, 33, 4, 678–679, 10.1080/10584609.2016.1224417, It makes sense to consider whether conservative media (namely, Fox News) function in this institutional capacity, BOOK,weblink The Outrage Industry: Political Opinion Media and the New Incivility, Berry, Jeffrey M., Sobieraj, Sarah, 2014, Oxford University Press, 9780199928972, Oxford, New York, 110–111, As trade publication Broadcasting & Cable put it, Fox has created "a clear and strong brand, and an unwavering commitment to stick with it. Viewers, advertisers and cable operators all know what they're getting."48 "Unwavering" is apt; no matter how much it is criticized for the ideological nature of its content, Fox remains unbowed. It continues to deliver a strong conservative perspective throughout its programming ... over the years Fox has actually moved further to the right, JOURNAL, DellaVigna, Stefano, Kaplan, Ethan, August 1, 2007, The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, en, 122, 3, 1187–1234, 10.1162/qjec.122.3.1187, 0033-5533, the conservative Fox News Channel, 10.1.1.333.4616, WEB,weblink Messengers of the Right, Hemmer, Nicole, 2016, University of Pennsylvania Press, BOOK,weblink The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right, Rydgren, Jens, 2018, Oxford University Press, 9780190274559, 273, en, the way the conservative media, especially Fox News, reported on the initial Tea Party demonstrations illuminates the momentum the media can give to a start-up movement. Fox became an amplifier of Tea Party activism and rhetoric, giving national momentum to its predominantly local demonstrations, the Republican PartyBOOK, Inside Rupert's Brain, Paul La Monica, Peter Lang, 2009, 978-1101016596, 5, WEB,weblink Articles by Jonathan Bernstein – Bloomberg View, Bernstein, Jonathan, May 11, 2018, and President Donald Trump.NEWS,weblink Fox adds another pro-Trump host, POLITICO, November 22, 2017, NEWS,weblink Fox News has avoided talking about Jared Kushner's security clearance, Kludt, Tom, CNNMoney, February 28, 2018, The network claims a uniquely powerful role in the pro-Trump echo chamber, setting the agenda for both the president and his millions of supporters. In this vein, Trump is rarely cast in an unfavorable light and the so called "mainstream media" draws little praise. Bad news, like the one surrounding Kushner, routinely gets glossed over., BOOK, Benkler, Yochai, Faris, Robert, Roberts, Hal, 2018-11-29, Epistemic Crisis, en-US, 10.1093/oso/9780190923624.001.0001, 9780190923662, Oxford University Press, BOOK, Benkler, Yochai, Faris, Robert, Roberts, Hal, 2018-11-29, The Fox Diet, en-US, 10.1093/oso/9780190923624.001.0001, 9780190923662, Oxford University Press, JOURNAL, Grossmann, Matt, Hopkins, David A., 2018, From Fox News to Viral Views: The Influence of Ideological Media in the 2018 Elections,weblink The Forum, 16, 4, 547–567, 10.1515/for-2018-0037, 1540-8884, Political scientist Jonathan Bernstein described Fox News as an expanded part of the Republican Party. Political scientists Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins write that Fox News has helped "Republicans communicate with their base and spread their ideas, and they have been effective in mobilizing voters to participate in midterm elections (as in 2010 and 2014)." Prior to 2000, Fox News lacked an ideological tilt, and even had more Democrats watch the channel than Republicans.BOOK,weblink Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats, Grossman, Matt, Hopkins, David A., October 13, 2016, Oxford University Press, 9780190626600, Oxford, New York, 158–159, During the 2004 presidential election, Fox News was markedly more hostile in its coverage of Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry, and distinguished itself among cable news outlets for heavy coverage of the Swift Boat smear campaign against Kerry.BOOK,weblink Echo Chamber: Rush Limbaugh and the Conservative Media Establishment, Jamieson, Kathleen Hall, Cappella, Joseph N., February 4, 2010, Oxford University Press, 9780195398601, Oxford, New York, 5, JOURNAL, Major, Mark, Andersen, David J., October 27, 2016, Polls and Elections: Swift Boating Reconsidered: News Coverage of Negative Presidential Ads, Presidential Studies Quarterly, en, 46, 4, 891–910, 10.1111/psq.12324, 0360-4918, JOURNAL, Skinner, Richard M., January 10, 2005, Do 527's Add Up to a Party? Thinking About the "Shadows" of Politics,weblink The Forum, en, 3, 3, 10.2202/1540-8884.1098, 1540-8884, During Obama's first term in office, Fox News helped launch and amplify the Tea Party movement, a conservative movement within the Republican party that organized protests against Obama and his policies.BOOK,weblink Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats, Grossman, Matt, Hopkins, David A., October 13, 2016, Oxford University Press, 9780190626600, Oxford, New York, 178–179, BOOK,weblink The Outrage Industry: Political Opinion Media and the New Incivility, Berry, Jeffrey M., Sobieraj, Sarah, 2014, Oxford University Press, 9780199928972, Oxford, New York, 156–160, WEB,weblink Crashing the Tea Party: Mass Media and the Campaign to Remake American Politics (e-Book) – Routledge, Routledge.com, 139–141, WEB,weblink Understanding the Tea Party Movement (e-Book) – Routledge, Routledge.com, 41–42, BOOK,weblink Populism: A Very Short Introduction, 2017, Oxford University Press, 9780190234874, Very Short Introductions, Oxford, New York, 114, During the Republican primaries, Fox News was widely perceived as trying to prevent Trump from clinching the nomination. However, under Trump's presidency, Fox News remade itself into his image, as nearly no criticism could be heard of Trump on Fox News' prime-time shows.NEWS,weblink Fox, facing new competitors, clings tighter to Trump, POLITICO, November 9, 2017, Even in Fox News' news reporting, the network dedicated far more coverage to Hillary Clinton-related stories, which critics say was intended to deflect attention from the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election. Trump provided great access to Fox News during his presidency, giving 19 interviews to the channel while only 6 in total to other news channels by November 2017; The New York Times described Trump's Fox News interviews as "softball interviews" and some of the interviewers' interview styles as "fawning";NEWS,weblink President Trump Finds His TV Niche in Softball Interviews, Poniewozik, James, November 10, 2017, The New York Times, November 10, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, similarly, The Economist has described the network's coverage of Trump's presidency as "reliably fawning."NEWS,weblink Donald Trump's attacks on the media may have backfired, The Economist, July 30, 2018, From 2015 to 2017, the Fox News prime-time line-up changed from one that was skeptical and questioning of Trump to a "Trump safe space, with a dose of Bannonist populism once considered on the fringe." The Fox News website has also gotten more extreme in its rhetoric since the election of Donald Trump; according to Columbia's Tow Center for Digital Journalism, the Fox News website has "gone a little Breitbart" over time.NEWS,weblink Fox News website beefs up and 'goes a little Breitbart', POLITICO, December 23, 2017, At the start of 2018, Fox News mostly ignored prominent scandals in the Trump administration which received ample coverage in other national media outlets, such as White House Staff Secretary Rob Porter's resignation amid domestic abuse allegations, the downgrading of Jared Kushner's security clearance and the existence of a non-disclosure agreement between Trump and the porn star Stormy Daniels.NEWS,weblink Pro-Trump media sweeps Stormy Daniels story under rug, Darcy, Oliver, CNNMoney, March 8, 2018, In March 2019, Jane Mayer reported in The New Yorker that Fox News.com reporter Diana Falzone had the story of the Stormy Daniels–Donald Trump scandal before the 2016 election, but that Fox News executive Ken LaCorte told her, “Good reporting, kiddo. But Rupert [Murdoch] wants Donald Trump to win. So just let it go,” and the story was killed. LaCorte denied making the statement to Falzone, but conceded, "I was the person who made the call. I didn’t run it upstairs to Roger Ailes or others...I didn’t do it to protect Donald Trump," adding "[Falzone] had put up a story that just wasn’t anywhere close to being something I was comfortable publishing.” Nik Richie, who claimed to be one of the sources for the story, called LaCorte's account "complete bullshit," adding “Fox News was culpable. I voted for Trump, and I like Fox, but they did their own ‘catch and kill’ on the story to protect him.”WEB,weblink The Making of the Fox News White House, Jane, Mayer, March 4, 2019, www.newyorker.com, WEB,weblink Former Head of FoxNews.Com Denies Trump-Porn Star Story Was Ignored: ‘Easy Call to Make’, A 2008 study found Fox News gave disproportionate attention to polls suggesting low approval for President Bill Clinton.JOURNAL, Groeling, Tim, December 1, 2008, Who's the Fairest of them All? An Empirical Test for Partisan Bias on ABC, CBS, NBC, and Fox News, Presidential Studies Quarterly, en, 38, 4, 631–657, 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2008.02668.x, 1741-5705, A 2009 study found Fox News was less likely to pick up stories that reflected well on Democrats, and more likely to pick up stories that reflected well on Republicans.JOURNAL, Baum, Matthew A., Groeling, Tim, 2009, Shot by the Messenger: Partisan Cues and Public Opinion regarding National Security and War, 40213343, Political Behavior, 31, 2, 157–186, A 2010 study comparing Fox News Channel's Special Report With Brit Hume and NBC's Nightly News coverage of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan during 2005 concluded "Fox News was much more sympathetic to the administration than NBC", suggesting "if scholars continue to find evidence of a partisan or ideological bias at FNC ... they should consider Fox as alternative, rather than mainstream, media".Aday, S. (2010), "Chasing the bad news: An analysis of 2005 Iraq and Afghanistan war coverage on NBC and Fox News channel", Journal of Communication 60 (1), pp. 144–164Research also suggests Fox News increases Republican vote shares and makes Republican politicians more partisan.JOURNAL, J., Martin, Gregory, Ali, Yurukoglu, 2017, Bias in Cable News: Persuasion and Polarization, American Economic Review, en, 107, 9, 2565–2599, 10.1257/aer.20160812, 0002-8282, JOURNAL, Clinton, Joshua D., Enamorado, Ted, October 1, 2014, The National News Media's Effect on Congress: How Fox News Affected Elites in Congress, The Journal of Politics, 76, 4, 928–943, 10.1017/S0022381614000425, 0022-3816, JOURNAL, Schroeder, Elizabeth, Stone, Daniel F., June 1, 2015, Fox News and political knowledge, Journal of Public Economics, 126, 52–63, 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2015.03.009, A 2007 study, using the introduction of Fox News into local markets (1996–2000) as an instrumental variable, found that in the 2000 presidential election "Republicans gained 0.4 to 0.7 percentage points in the towns that broadcast Fox News", suggesting "Fox News convinced 3 to 28 percent of its viewers to vote Republican, depending on the audience measure". These results were confirmed by a 2015 study. A 2014 study, using the same instrumental variable, found congressional "representatives become less supportive of President Clinton in districts where Fox News begins broadcasting than similar representatives in similar districts where Fox News was not broadcast." A 2017 study, using channel positions as an instrumental variable, found "Fox News increases Republican vote shares by 0.3 points among viewers induced into watching 2.5 additional minutes per week by variation in position." Another 2014 paper found Fox News viewing increased Republican vote shares among voters who identified as Republican or independent.JOURNAL, Hopkins, Daniel J., March 11, 2014, The Consequences of Broader Media Choice: Evidence from the Expansion of Fox News, Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 9, 1, 115–135, 10.1561/100.00012099, 1554-0626, Fox News publicly denies it is biased, with Murdoch and Ailes saying have included Murdoch's statement that Fox has "given room to both sides, whereas only one side had it before".Interview transcript: Rupert Murdoch and Roger Ailes, Financial Times, October 6, 2006News Corp denies Fox News bias Australian Associated Press, October 26, 2004Interview transcript: Rupert Murdoch and Roger Ailes, Financial Times, October 6, 2006 Fox News host Chris Wallace has said, "I think we are the counter-weight [to NBC News] ... they have a liberal agenda, and we tell the other side of the story."NEWS,weblink Exclusive: Jon Stewart on 'Fox News Sunday' | Fox News Video, June 19, 2011, October 20, 2013, Video.foxnews.com, WEB,weblink Did Chris Wallace Really Say Fox News Isn't Fair and Balanced?, David Corn, Mother Jones, October 20, 2013, WEB,weblink Jon Stewart: Chris Wallace Admitted Fox News Was Unbalanced, Garth Johnston, June 21, 2011, Gothamist,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150224183119weblink">weblink February 24, 2015, yes, October 20, 2013, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Jon Stewart Dissects Chris Wallace's Fox News Logic – Erik Hayden, June 21, 2011, The Atlantic Wire, October 20, 2013, In 2004, Robert Greenwald's documentary film (Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch's War on Journalism) argued Fox News had a conservative bias and featured clips from Fox News and internal memos from editorial vice president John Moody directing Fox News staff on how to report certain subjects.{{Citation|last=Kurtz|first=Howard|title=Tilting at the Right, Leaning to the Left|date=July 11, 2004|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A41604-2004Jul10.html|author-link=Howard Kurtz|newspaper=The Washington Post|pages=D01}}BOOK,weblink Media Ethics: Cases and Moral Reasoning, Clifford G. Christians, Mark Fackler, Kathy Richardson, Routledge, 2015, 978-1-317-34652-4, 33, A leaked memo from Fox News vice president Bill Sammon to news staff at the height of the health care reform in the United States debate has been cited as an example of the pro-Republican Party bias of Fox News. His memo asked the staff to "use the term 'government-run health insurance,' or, when brevity is a concern, 'government option,' whenever possible". The memo was sent shortly after Republican pollster Frank Luntz advised Sean Hannity on his Fox show, "If you call it a public option, the American people are split. If you call it the government option, the public is overwhelmingly against it".WEB,weblink Leaked Fox News Memo Reveals News Division Told To Echo GOP Talking Point, Business Insider, December 9, 2010, December 9, 2010, Business Insider, September 30, 2014, Surveys suggest Fox News is widely perceived to be ideological. A 2009 Pew survey found Fox News is viewed as the most ideological channel in America, with 47 percent of those surveyed said Fox News is "mostly conservative", 14 percent said "mostly liberal" and 24 percent said "neither". In comparison, MSNBC had 36 percent identify it as "mostly liberal", 11 percent as "mostly conservative" and 27 percent as "neither". CNN had 37 percent describe it as "mostly liberal", 11 percent as "mostly conservative" and 33 percent as "neither".WEB,weblink Fox News Viewed as Most Ideological Network, October 29, 2009, Pew Research Center,weblink November 23, 2010, no, August 27, 2010, mdy, A 2004 Pew Research Center survey found FNC was cited (unprompted) by 69 percent of national journalists as a conservative news organization.WEB,weblink Bottom-Line Pressures Now Hurting Coverage, Say Journalists: Overview – Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, May 23, 2004, Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, September 30, 2014, A Rasmussen poll found 31 percent of Americans felt Fox News had a conservative bias, and 15 percent that it had a liberal bias. It found 36 percent believed Fox News delivers news with neither a conservative or liberal bias, compared with 37 percent who said NPR delivers news with no conservative or liberal bias and 32 percent who said the same of CNN.WEB,weblink Americans See Liberal Media Bias on TV News – Rasmussen Reports, July 13, 2007, Rasmussenreports.com, August 27, 2010, David Carr, media critic for The New York Times, praised the 2012 presidential election results coverage on Fox News for the network's response to Republican adviser and Fox News contributor Karl Rove challenging its call that Barack Obama would win Ohio and the election. Fox's prediction was correct. Carr wrote:A May 2017 study conducted by Harvard University's Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy examined coverage of Trump's first 100 days in office by several major mainstream media outlets including Fox.WEB,weblink Trump Press Coverage 'Sets New Standard' for Negativity: Study, Cox, Jeff, May 19, 2017, CNBC, May 24, 2017, It found Trump received 80% negative coverage from the overall media, and received the least negative coverage on Fox – 52% negative and 48% positive.WEB,weblink Harvard Agrees: Trump Press Coverage Sets 'New Standard for Negativity', Richardson, Valerie, May 19, 2017, The Washington Times, May 24, 2017, On March 14, 2017, Andrew Napolitano, a Fox News commentator, claimed on Fox & Friends that British intelligence agency GCHQ had wiretapped Donald Trump on behalf of Barack Obama during the 2016 United States presidential election.NEWS,weblink Fox's Andrew Napolitano Stirred the Pot for Trump's British Tempest, Grynbaum, Michael M., March 17, 2017, The New York Times, March 21, 2017, 0362-4331, NEWS,weblink Andrew Napolitano: Did Obama spy on Trump?, Napolitano, Andrew, March 16, 2017, Fox News, March 21, 2017, en-US, On March 16, 2017, White House spokesman Sean Spicer repeated the claim. When Trump was questioned about the claim at a news conference, he said "All we did was quote a certain very talented legal mind who was the one responsible for saying that on television. I didn't make an opinion on it."NEWS,weblink Trump Offers No Apology for Claim on British Spying, Baker, Peter, March 17, 2017, The New York Times, March 21, 2017, Erlanger, Steven, 0362-4331, On March 17, 2017, Shepard Smith, a Fox News anchor, admitted the network had no evidence that Trump was under surveillance. British officials said the White House was backing off the claim. Napolitano was later suspended by Fox News for making the claim.NEWS,weblink Fox News pulls Judge Napolitano over his Trump wiretap claims, Battaglio, Stephen, March 20, 2017, Los Angeles Times, March 21, 2017, en-US, 0458-3035, In June 2018, Fox News executives instructed producers to head off inappropriate remarks made on the shows aired by the network by hosts and commentators.NEWS,weblink New Fox chief cracks down on inflammatory statements, POLITICO, June 28, 2018, en, The instructions came after a number of Fox News hosts and guests made incendiary comments about the Trump administration's policy of separating migrant children from their parents. Fox News host Laura Ingraham had likened the child detention centers that the children were in to "summer camps". Guest Corey Lewandowski mocked the story of a 10-year-old child with Down's syndrome being separated from her mother; the Fox News host did not address Lewandowski's statement. Guest Ann Coulter falsely claimed that the separated children were "child actors"; the Fox News host did not challenge her claim. In a segment on Trump's alleged use of racial dog whistles, one Fox News contributor told an African-American whom he was debating, "You're out of your cotton-picking mind."According to the 2016 book Asymmetric Politics by political scientists Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins, Fox News tends to raise the profile of scandals and controversies involving Democrats that receive scant attention in other media, such as the relationship between Barack Obama and William Ayers ... Hillary Clinton's role in the fatal 2012 attacks on the American consulate in Benghazi, Libya; the gun-running scandal known as "Fast and Furious"; the business practices of federal loan guarantee recipient Solyndra; the past activism of Obama White House operative Van Jones; the 2004 attacks on John Kerry by the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth; the controversial sermons of Obama's Chicago pastor Jeremiah Wright; the filming of undercover videos of supposed wrongdoing by the liberal activist group ACORN; and even the "war on Christmas" supposedly waged every December by secular, multicultural liberals."In October 2018, Fox News ran laudatory coverage of a meeting between Trump-supporting rapper Kanye West and President Trump in the Oval Office. Fox News had previously run negative coverage of rappers and their involvement with Democratic politicians and causes, such as when Fox News ran headlines describing conscious hip-hop artist Common as "vile" and a "cop-killer rapper", and when Fox News ran negative coverage of Kanye West before he became a Trump supporter.WEB,weblink Fox swooned over Kanye West at the White House. Here's how it covered rappers visiting Obama., Washington Post, en, 2018-10-12, On November 4, 2018, Trump's website, DonaldJTrump.com, announced in a press release that Fox News host Sean Hannity would make a "special guest appearance" with Trump at a midterm campaign rally the following night in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.WEB,weblink 'Special Guest' Sean Hannity to appear at Trump rally, Brian Stelter, CNN, Business, November 6, 2018, The following morning, Hannity tweeted "To be clear, I will not be on stage campaigning with the President."WEB,weblink Sean Hannity on Twitter, November 6, 2018, Hannity appeared at the president's lectern on stage at the rally, immediately mocking the "fake news" at the back of the auditorium, Fox News reporters among them. Several Fox News employees expressed outrage at Hannity's actions, with one stating, "a new line was crossed."WEB,weblink 'It disturbs me to my core': Fox News staffers express outrage over Hannity's rally appearance, Oliver Darcy, CNN, Business, November 6, 2018, Hannity later asserted that his action was not pre-planned, and Fox News stated it "does not condone any talent participating in campaign events."WEB,weblink Fox News Responds to Hannity at Trump Rally: We Do 'Not Condone' This 'Unfortunate Distraction', www.mediaite.com, November 6, 2018, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro also appeared on stage with Trump at the rally. The Trump press release was later removed from Trump's websiteweblink

Coverage of Russia investigation

On October 30, 2017, when special counsel Robert S. Mueller III indicted Paul Manafort and Rick Gates, and revealed George Papadopoulos had plead guilty (all of whom were involved in the Trump 2016 campaign), this was the focus of most media's coverage, except Fox News'.NEWS,weblink 'This is a nothing burger': How conservative media reacted to the Mueller indictments, Rosenberg, Eli, October 31, 2017, Washington Post, October 31, 2017, en-US, 0190-8286, Hosts and guests on Fox News called for Mueller to be fired.WEB,weblink Opinion {{!, The Fox News-Murdoch effect: Mueller must resign! Or be fired!|last=|first=|date=|website=Washington Post|access-date=October 31, 2017}} Sean Hannity and Tucker Carlson focused their shows on unsubstantiated allegations that Clinton sold uranium to Russia in exchange for donations to the Clinton Foundation and on the Clinton campaign's role in funding the Donald Trump–Russia dossier.NEWS,weblink How Fox News is covering the toughest day of the Trump presidency, Kludt, Tom, CNNMoney, October 31, 2017, Hannity asserted, "The very thing they are accusing President Trump of doing, they did it themselves." During the segment, Hannity mistakenly referred to Clinton as President Clinton.NEWS,weblink Trump allies can't stop accidentally referring to Hillary Clinton's nonexistent administration, Business Insider, October 31, 2017, en, Fox News dedicated extensive coverage to the uranium story, which Democrats said was an attempt to distract from Mueller's intensifying investigation.NEWS,weblink Fox News host Sean Hannity has Twitter meltdown after report of Robert Mueller's first charges in the Russia probe, Business Insider, October 31, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink As Mueller Pushes Ahead, Trump Distracts, Lizza, Ryan, October 28, 2017, The New Yorker, October 31, 2017, 0028-792X, CNN described the coverage as "a tour de force in deflection and dismissal." On October 31, CNN reported Fox News employees were dissatisfied with their outlet's coverage of the Russia investigation, with employees calling it an "embarrassment", "laughable" and saying it "does the viewer a huge disservice and further divides the country" and that it is "another blow to journalists at Fox who come in every day wanting to cover the news in a fair and objective way".NEWS,weblink 'I want to quit': Fox News employees say their network's Russia coverage was 'an embarrassment', CNNMoney, October 31, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink 'I'm watching now and screaming': Fox News employees anonymously trash the network's Russia coverage, Business Insider, October 31, 2017, en, When the investigation by special counsel Robert Mueller into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election intensified in October 2017, the focus of Fox News coverage turned "what they see as the scandal and wrongdoing of President Trump's political opponents. In reports like these, Bill and Hillary Clinton are prominent and recurring characters because they are considered the real conspirators working with the Russians to undermine American democracy."NEWS,weblink Alternative Narrative Emerges in Conservative Media as Russia Inquiry Widens, Peters, Jeremy W., November 3, 2017, The New York Times, November 4, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, Paul Waldman of the Washington Post described the coverage as "No puppet. You're the puppet", saying it was a "careful, coordinated, and comprehensive strategy" to distract from Mueller's investigation.WEB,weblink Opinion {{!, The GOP strategy on the Russia scandal: 'No puppet. You're the puppet.'|website=Washington Post|access-date=October 31, 2017}} German Lopes of Vox said Fox News' coverage has reached "levels of self-parody" as it dedicated coverage to low-key stories, such as a controversial Newsweek op-ed and hamburger emojis, while other networks had wall-to-wall coverage of Mueller's indictments.NEWS,weblink Trump's former campaign head was indicted and Fox News talked about cheeseburger emojis, Vox, October 31, 2017, A FiveThirtyEight analysis of Russia-related media coverage in cable news found most mentions of Russia on Fox News were spoken in close proximity to "uranium" and "dossier".NEWS,weblink All The Cable News Networks Are Covering The 'Russia Story' — Just Not The Same One, Mehta, Dhrumil, November 6, 2017, FiveThirtyEight, November 7, 2017, en-US, On November 1, 2017, Vox analyzed the transcripts of Fox News, CNN and MSNBC, and found Fox News "was unable to talk about the Mueller investigation without bringing up Hillary Clinton", "talked significantly less about George Papadopoulos — the Trump campaign adviser whose plea deal with Mueller provides the most explicit evidence thus far that the campaign knew of the Russian government's efforts to help Trump — than its competitors", and "repeatedly called Mueller's credibility into question".NEWS,weblink A week of Fox News transcripts shows how they began questioning Mueller's credibility, Vox, November 1, 2017, In December 2017, Fox News escalated its attacks on the Mueller investigation, with hosts and guest commentators suggesting the investigation amounted to a coup.NEWS,weblink The media today: Fox News's intensifying anti-Mueller rhetoric raises concerns, Columbia Journalism Review, December 18, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink A 'coup in America?' Fox News escalates anti-Mueller rhetoric., Schmidt, Samantha, December 18, 2017, Washington Post, December 18, 2017, en-US, 0190-8286, NEWS,weblink Fox News host called 'irresponsible' after suggesting US facing a 'coup' from Mueller, Beavers, Olivia, December 17, 2017, TheHill, December 18, 2017, NEWS,weblink Jesse Watters Says We May 'Have a Coup on Our Hands in America', Hart, Benjamin, Daily Intelligencer, December 18, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink Analysis {{!, Trump gets conflicting advice about firing Mueller from Sean Hannity and 'Fox & Friends'|last=Borchers|first=Callum|date=December 18, 2017|work=Washington Post|access-date=December 18, 2017|language=en-US|issn=0190-8286}} Guest co-host Kevin Jackson referred to a right-wing conspiracy theory claiming Strzok's messages are evidence of a plot by FBI agents to assassinate Trump, a claim which the other Fox co-hosts quickly said is not supported by any credible evidence.NEWS,weblink Fox guest floats possibility of FBI assassination plot against Trump, Bowden, John, December 19, 2017, TheHill, December 19, 2017, WEB,weblink Fox News contributor, channeling Alex Jones, suggests FBI plot to assassinate Trump, Kyle, Swenson, December 20, 2017, www.washingtonpost.com, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro called the Mueller investigation team a "criminal cabal" and said the team ought to be arrested. Other Fox News figures referred to the investigation as "corrupt", "crooked" and "illegitimate", and likened the FBI to the KGB, the Soviet-era spy organization that routinely tortured and summarily executed people. Political scientists and scholars of coups described the Fox News rhetoric as scary and dangerous. Experts on coups rejected that the Mueller investigation amounted to a coup; rather, the Fox News rhetoric was dangerous to democracy and mirrored the kind of rhetoric that occurs before purges. A number of observers argued the Fox News rhetoric was intended to discredit the Mueller investigation and sway President Donald Trump to fire Mueller.NEWS,weblink Trump Is Sabotaging the Russia Investigation—With Fox News' Help, New Republic, December 18, 2017, en-US, In August 2018, Fox News was criticized for giving more prominent coverage of a murder committed by an undocumented immigrant than the convictions of Donald Trump's former campaign manager, Paul Manafort, and his long-term personal attorney, Michael Cohen.NEWS,weblink Fox News slammed for covering the killing of a college student more prominently than the convictions of 2 top Trump aides, Business Insider, September 20, 2018, en, At the same time, most other national mainstream media gave wall-to-wall coverage of the convictions.NEWS,weblink Fox News Slammed Over Thin Cohen, Manafort Coverage, August 22, 2018, TheWrap, September 20, 2018, en-US, Fox News hosts Dana Perrino and Jason Chaffetz argued that voters care far more about the murder than the convictions of the President's former top aides, and hosts Tucker Carlson and Sean Hannity downplayed the convictions.NEWS,weblink Fox News host says Manafort and Cohen crimes can't sway votes like Tibbetts murder, USA TODAY, September 20, 2018, en, NEWS,weblink Fox News Hosts Wave Off Cohen Plea as 'Nothing That Matters', Tani, Maxwell, August 22, 2018, The Daily Beast, September 20, 2018, en,

False claims about other media

CNN's Jake Tapper

In November 2017, in the immediate aftermath of the 2017 New York City truck attack wherein a terrorist shouted "Allahu Akbar", Fox News distorted a statement by Jake Tapper to make it appear as if he had said "Allahu Akbar" can be used under the most "beautiful circumstances".NEWS,weblink Jake Tapper slams Fox News for misrepresenting comments about New York City terror attack, Business Insider, November 2, 2017, en, Fox News omitted that Tapper had said the use of "Allahu Akbar" in the terrorist attack was not one of these beautiful circumstances. A headline on FoxNews.com was preceded by a tag reading "OUTRAGEOUS". The Fox News Twitter account distorted the statement even more, saying "Jake Tapper Says 'Allahu Akbar' Is 'Beautiful' Right After NYC Terror Attack" in a tweet that was later deleted. Tapper chastised Fox News for choosing to "deliberately lie" and said "there was a time when one could tell the difference between Fox and the nutjobs at Infowars. It's getting tougher and tougher. Lies are lies." Tapper had in 2009, while a White House correspondent for ABC News, come to the defense of Fox News when Obama criticized the network for not being a legitimate news organization.NEWS,weblink Jake Tapper feuds with Fox News, Sean Hannity over 'Allahu Akbar' comments, Philly.com, November 2, 2017, Fox News guest host Jason Chaffetz apologized to Tapper for misrepresenting his statement.NEWS,weblink Tapper hits Fox, Hannity over 'Allahu Akbar' comments after NY terror attack, Balluck, Kyle, November 2, 2017, TheHill, November 2, 2017, After Fox News had deleted the tweet, Sean Hannity repeated the misrepresentation and called Tapper "liberal fake news CNN's fake Jake Tapper" and mocked his ratings.

The New York Times

In July 2017, a report by Fox & Friends falsely said The New York Times had disclosed intelligence in one of its stories and that this intelligence disclosure helped Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State, to evade capture.NEWS,weblink How Trump Got It Wrong in Saying The Times 'Foiled' Killing of ISIS Leader, Gordon, Michael R., July 23, 2017, The New York Times, July 24, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, mdy-all, NEWS,weblink NY Times requests Fox News apology for 'malicious and inaccurate segment', Associated Press, July 24, 2017, The Guardian, July 24, 2017, en-GB, 0261-3077, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Why The New York Times wants an apology from Fox News, Disis, Jill, July 24, 2017, CNNMoney, July 24, 2017, mdy-all, The report cited an inaccurate assertion by Gen. Tony Thomas, the head of the United States Special Operations Command, that a major newspaper had disclosed the intelligence.NEWS,weblink New York Times Asks Fox for Apology After 'Inaccurate Segment', Bromwich, Jonah Engel, July 24, 2017, The New York Times, July 24, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, mdy-all, Fox News said it was the New York Times, repeatedly running the chyron "NYT FOILS U.S. ATTEMPT TO TAKE OUT AL-BAHGDADI". Pete Hegseth, one of the show's hosts, criticized the "failing New York Times". President Donald Trump tweeted about the Fox & Friends report shortly after it first aired, saying "The Failing New York Times foiled U.S. attempt to kill the single most wanted terrorist, Al-Baghdadi. Their sick agenda over National Security." Fox News later updated the story, but without apologizing to the New York Times or responding directly to the inaccuracies.In a Washington Post column, Erik Wemple said Chris Wallace had covered The New York Times story himself on Fox News Sunday. "Here's another case of the differing standards between Fox News's opinion operation", which has given "a state-run vibe on all matters related to Trump", compared to Fox News's news operation, which has provided "mostly sane coverage."NEWS,weblink 'Fox & Friends' issues 'update' on New York Times-ISIS flap. No apology., Wemple, Erik, July 24, 2017, The Washington Post, July 24, 2017,

Climate change

According to the fact-checking website Climate Feedback, Fox News is part of "a network of unreliable outlets for climate news."WEB,weblink False claims of a coming ice age spread through ecosystem of unreliable news sites, blogs, and social media accounts, 2018-11-21, Climate Feedback, en-US, 2018-12-22, A 2011 study found Fox News "takes a more dismissive tone toward climate change than CNN and MSNBC".JOURNAL, Feldman, Lauren, Maibach, Edward W., Roser-Renouf, Connie, Leiserowitz, Anthony, January 1, 2012, Climate on Cable: The Nature and Impact of Global Warming Coverage on Fox News, CNN, and MSNBC, The International Journal of Press/Politics, en, 17, 1, 3–31, 10.1177/1940161211425410, 1940-1612, A 2008 study found Fox News emphasized the scientific uncertainty of climate change more than CNN, was less likely to say climate change was real, and more likely to interview climate change skeptics.In 2011, the hosts of Fox & Friends described climate change as "unproven science", a "disputed fact", and criticized the Department of Education for working together with Nickelodeon to teach children about climate change.NEWS,weblink 'Fox & Friends' Slam SpongeBob SquarePants' 'Global Warming Agenda' (Video), The Hollywood Reporter, February 9, 2018, en, In 2001, Sean Hannity described the scientific consensus on climate change as "phony science from the left."JOURNAL, McKnight, David, December 1, 2010, A change in the climate? The journalism of opinion at News Corporation, Journalism, en, 11, 6, 693–706, 10.1177/1464884910379704, 1464-8849, In 2004, he falsely alleged, "scientists still can't agree on whether the global warming is scientific fact or fiction". In 2010, Hannity said the so-called "Climategate" – the leaking of e-mails by climate scientist that climate change skeptics claimed demonstrated scientific misconduct but which all subsequent enquiries have found no evidence of misconduct or wrongdoing – a "scandal" that "exposed global warming as a myth cooked up by alarmists."NEWS,weblink Climate change heats up again, tribunedigital-chicagotribune, October 16, 2017, en, Hannity frequently invites contrarian fringe scientists and critics of climate change to his shows.BOOK,weblink The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society, Dryzek, John S., Norgaard, Richard B., Schlosberg, David, August 18, 2011, OUP Oxford, 9780199566600, en, Shepard Smith has drawn attention for being one of few voices on Fox News to forcefully state that climate change is real, that human activities are a primary contributor to it and that there is a scientific consensus on the issue.NEWS,weblink Fox News actually acknowledged that climate change is real, Vox, June 2, 2017, NEWS,weblink Fox News' inner struggle with climate misinformation, Nuccitelli, Dana, August 17, 2015, The Guardian, June 2, 2017, en-GB, 0261-3077, His acceptance of the scientific consensus on climate change has drawn criticism from Fox News viewers and conservatives.NEWS,weblink Fox News viewers are gunning for Shep Smith. How will Fox News respond?, March 23, 2017, June 2, 2017, NEWS,weblink Shepard Smith, the Fox News anchorman who drives the Fox News faithful crazy, Farhi, Paul, March 21, 2017, The Washington Post, June 2, 2017, Farhi, Paul, en-US, 0190-8286,

Murder of Seth Rich conspiracy

{{see also|Murder of Seth Rich}}On May 16, 2017, a day when other news organizations were extensively covering Donald Trump's revelation of classified information to Russia,NEWS,weblink FACT CHECK: Did DNC Staffer Seth Rich Send 'Thousands of E-Mails' to WikiLeaks Before He Was Murdered?, May 16, 2017, Snopes.com, May 16, 2017, en-US, Fox News ran a lead story about a private investigator's uncorroborated claims about the murder of Seth Rich, a DNC staffer.NEWS,weblink DNC staffer's murder draws fresh conspiracy theories, NBC News, May 16, 2017, en, WEB,weblink Family of slain Seth Rich says reports that he fed DNC info to WikiLeaks are untrue, Washington Post, May 16, 2017, WEB,weblink Story on DNC staffer's murder dominated conservative media -- hours later it fell apart, Darcy, Oliver, May 16, 2017, CNNMoney, May 17, 2017, The private investigator said he had uncovered evidence that Rich was in contact with Wikileaks and law enforcement were covering it up. The killing of Rich has given rise to conspiracy theories in rightwing circles that Hillary Clinton and the Democratic Party had Seth Rich killed allegedly because he was the source of the DNC leaks. U.S. intelligence agencies determined Russia was the source of the leaks.NEWS,weblink U.S. intel report identifies Russians who gave emails to WikiLeaks -officials, Washington newsroom, January 6, 2017, Reuters, July 3, 2017, In reporting the investigator's claims, the Fox News report reignited right-wing conspiracy theories about the killing.The Fox News story fell apart within hours.NEWS,weblink Family of slain Democratic staffer Seth Rich sues Fox News, Darcy, Oliver, CNNMoney, March 14, 2018, Other news organizations quickly revealed the investigator was a Donald Trump supporter and had according to NBC News "developed a reputation for making outlandish claims, such as one appearance on Fox News in 2007 in which he warned that underground networks of pink pistol-toting lesbian gangs were raping young women."NEWS,weblink How the Murder of a D.N.C. Staffer Fueled Conspiracy Theories, Bromwich, Jonah Engel, May 17, 2017, The New York Times, May 17, 2017, 0362-4331, The family of Seth Rich, the Washington, D.C.police department, the Washington, D.C. mayor's office, the FBI, and law enforcement sources familiar with the case, rebuked the investigator's claims. The family said, "We are a family who is committed to facts, not fake evidence that surfaces every few months to fill the void and distract law enforcement and the general public from finding Seth's murderers." The spokesperson for the family criticized Fox News for its reporting, alleging the outlet was motivated by a desire to deflect attention from the Trump-Russia story: "I think there's a very special place in hell for people that would use the memory of a murder victim in order to pursue a political agenda." The family has called for retractions and apologies from Fox News for the inaccurate reporting.WEB,weblink Family of slain DNC staffer demands retraction and apology from Fox News, local TV station, Darcy, Oliver, May 17, 2017, CNNMoney, May 17, 2017, Over the course of the day, Fox News altered the contents of the story and the headline, but did not issue corrections.NEWS,weblink Fox Stands By DNC Murder Conspiracy Theory Even After Main Source Changes Story, Waldron, Travis, May 18, 2017, Huffington Post, May 18, 2017, en-US,  When CNN contacted the private investigator later that day, the investigator said he had no evidence that Rich had contacted Wikileaks. The investigator claimed he only learned about the possible existence of the evidence from a Fox News reporter. Fox News did not respond to inquiries by CNN, and the Washington Post. Fox News later on 23 May, seven days after the story was published, retracted its original report, saying the original report did not meet its standards.NEWS,weblink Trump first budget relies on rosy forecasts and deep cuts to anti-poverty programs, Los Angeles Times, May 23, 2017, en-US, 0458-3035, Nicole Hemmer, assistant professor at the Miller Center of Public Affairs, wrote that the promotion of the conspiracy theory demonstrated how Fox News was "remaking itself in the image of fringe media in the age of Trump, blurring the lines between real and fake news."WEB,weblink The Breitbartization of Fox News, Hemmer, Nicole, May 23, 2017, US News, Max Boot of the Council on Foreign Relations said while intent behind Fox News, as a counterweight to the liberal media was laudable, the culmination of those efforts have been to create an alternative news source that promotes hoaxes and myths, of which the promotion of the Seth Rich conspiracy is an example.WEB,weblink The Seth Rich 'Scandal' Shows That Fox News Is Morally Bankrupt, Foreign Policy, May 23, 2017, Fox News was also criticized by conservative outlets, such as the Weekly Standard,NEWS,weblink Prime-Time Conspiracy Theory, May 26, 2017, Weekly Standard, May 27, 2017, National Review,NEWS,weblink The Facts of the Seth Rich Murder That Don't Support Conspiracy Theories, National Review, May 27, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink The Seth Rich Conspiracy Theory Is Shameful Nonsense, National Review, May 27, 2017, en, and conservative columnists, such as Jennifer Rubin,NEWS,weblink Questions Fox and the right need to answer, Rubin, Jennifer, May 24, 2017, The Washington Post, May 27, 2017, Rubin, Jennifer, en-US, 0190-8286, Michael Gerson,NEWS,weblink The conservative mind has become diseased, Gerson, Michael, May 25, 2017, The Washington Post, May 29, 2017, Gerson, Michael, en-US, 0190-8286, and John Podhoretz.NEWS,weblink The Shameless Conspiracy Theorizing Involving Seth Rich Must Stop, May 23, 2017, Commentary Magazine, May 28, 2017, en-US,

Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville

Various Fox News hosts and contributors defended Trump's remarks that "many sides" were to blame for violence at a gathering of hundreds of white nationalists in Charlottesville, Virginia.NEWS,weblink 'Wow': Stunned TV Hosts Reacted in Real Time to Trump, Grynbaum, Michael M., August 15, 2017, The New York Times, August 16, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, WEB,weblink In conservative media, an amen chorus defends Trump's comments on Charlottesville violence, August 18, 2017, The Washington Post, Some criticized Trump.WEB,weblink After Trump's Charlottesville remarks, Fox News focuses on the left and the media, Byers, Dylan, August 16, 2017, CNNMoney, August 16, 2017, In a press conference on August 15, Trump used the term "alt-left" to describe counterprotesters at the white supremacist rally, a term which had been used in Fox News' coverage of the white supremacist rally. Several of Trump's comments at the press conference mirrored those appearing earlier on Fox News.NEWS,weblink Trump Cribbed His Charlottesville Press Conference Straight From Fox News, WIRED, August 16, 2017, en-US, According to Dylan Byers of CNN, Fox News' coverage on the day of the press conference "was heavy with "whataboutism". The average Fox viewer was likely left with the impression that the media's criticism of Trump and leftist protestors' toppling of some Confederate statues were far greater threats to America than white supremacism or the president's apparent defense of bigotry." Byers wrote, "it showed that if Fox News has a line when it comes to Trump's presidency, it was not crossed on Tuesday."

Glenn Beck's comments about George Soros

During Glenn Beck's tenure at Fox News, he became one of the most high-profile proponents of conspiracy theories about George Soros, a Jewish Hungarian-American businessman and philanthropist known for his donations to American liberal political causes.NEWS,weblink Why the conspiracy theories about George Soros don't stack up, Channel 4 News, May 31, 2018, en-GB, Beck regularly described Soros as a "puppet-master" and used common anti-Semitic tropes to refer to Soros and his activities. In a 2010 three-part series, Beck depicted George Soros as a cartoonish villain trying to "form a shadow government, using humanitarian aid as a cover," and that Soros wanted a one-world government.NEWS,weblink Debunking the George Soros-was-a-Jew-killing-Nazi conspiracy theory that Roseanne Barr spreads, Selk, Avi, May 30, 2018, Washington Post, May 31, 2018, en-US, 0190-8286, NEWS,weblink ADL Condemns Glenn Beck For 'Offensive,' 'Horrific' Attacks On George Soros (VIDEO), Mirkinson, Jack, November 11, 2010, Huffington Post, May 31, 2018, en-US, Beck promoted the false and anti-Semitic conspiracy theory that Soros was a Nazi collaborator as a 14-year old in Nazi-occupied Hungary.WEB,weblink Was George Soros an SS Officer or Nazi Collaborator During World War II?, Beck also characterized Soros's mother as a "wildly anti-Semitic" Nazi collaborator. According to The Washington Post, "Beck's series was largely considered obscene and delusional, if not outright anti-Semitic", but Beck's conspiracy theory became popular on the rightwing of American politics. Amid criticism of Beck's false smears, Fox News defended Beck, stating "information regarding Mr. Soros's experiences growing up were taken directly from his writings and from interviews given by him to the media, and no negative opinion was offered as to his actions as a child."NEWS,weblink Glenn Beck's Remarks About George Soros Criticized by A.D.L., Stelter, Brian, November 11, 2010, The New York Times, May 31, 2018, en-US, 0362-4331, Roger Ailes, then-head of Fox News, dismissed criticism levied at Beck by hundreds of rabbis, saying that they were "left-wing rabbis who basically don't think that anybody can ever use the word, Holocaust, on the air."WEB,weblink Fox News chief Roger Ailes apologises after describing NPR as 'Nazis' {{!, Richard Adams|last=Adams|first=Richard|date=November 18, 2010|website=the Guardian|language=en|access-date=May 31, 2018}}

{{anchor|Criticism and controversies}}Controversies

{{Very long|section|date=February 2018}}{{Undue weight section|date=March 2018}}

Sexual harassment

The network has been accused of permitting sexual harassment and racial discrimination by on-air hosts, executives, and employees, paying out millions of dollars in legal settlements.WEB,weblink Fox News Turmoil Highlights Workplace Culture's Role In Sexual Harassment, NPR.org, April 27, 2017, NEWS,weblink Fox Will Pay Gretchen Carlson $20 Million To Settle Sexual Harassment Suit, NPR.org, April 27, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink Roger Ailes Resigns as Fox News Chief After Sexual Harassment Accusations, The Hollywood Reporter, April 27, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink 11 Sue Fox News, Citing 'Intolerable' Racial Bias, Ember, Sydney, April 25, 2017, The New York Times, April 27, 2017, 0362-4331, NEWS,weblink Bill O'Reilly Is Forced Out at Fox News, Steel, Emily, April 19, 2017, The New York Times, April 28, 2017, Schmidt, Michael S., 0362-4331, Prominent Fox News figures such as Roger Ailes, Bill O'Reilly and Eric Bolling were eventually fired after a multitude of women accused them of sexual harassment. At least four lawsuits alleged Fox News co-president Bill Shine ignored, enabled or concealed Roger Ailes' alleged sexual harassment.NEWS,weblink Sean Hannity Defends Executive as Fox News Turmoil Continues, Grynbaum, Michael M., April 27, 2017, The New York Times, October 12, 2017, Steel, Emily, en-US, 0362-4331, NEWS,weblink Sean Hannity Defends Boss, Says Ouster Would Be End of Fox News, April 28, 2017, Bloomberg.com, October 12, 2017, NEWS,weblink Sean Hannity targets media watchdog amid questions over future at Fox News, Gabbatt, Adam, May 25, 2017, The Guardian, October 13, 2017, en-GB, 0261-3077, Fox News CEO Rupert Murdoch has dismissed the high-profile sexual misconduct allegations as "largely political" and speculated they were made "because we are conservative".NEWS,weblink Murdoch: Sexual harassment allegations against Fox News 'largely political', POLITICO, December 15, 2017, Bill O'Reilly and Fox News settled six agreements, totaling $45 million, with women who accused O'Reilly of sexual harassment.NEWS,weblink Bill O'Reilly Settled New Harassment Claim, Then Fox Renewed His Contract, Steel, Emily, October 21, 2017, The New York Times, October 28, 2017, Schmidt, Michael S., en-US, 0362-4331, NEWS,weblink O'Reilly and Kelly clash over sex claims, October 24, 2017, BBC News, October 28, 2017, en-GB, In January 2017, shortly after Bill O'Reilly settled a sexual harassment lawsuit for $32 million ("an extraordinarily large amount for such cases"), Fox News renewed Bill O'Reilly's contract. Fox News's parent company, 21st Century Fox, said it was aware of the lawsuit. The contract between O'Reilly and Fox News read he could not be fired from the network unless sexual harassment allegations were proved in court.NEWS,weblink Fox News' Bill O'Reilly's contract 'shielded him from sex claims sacking', Ruddick, Graham, November 8, 2017, The Guardian, November 9, 2017, en-GB, 0261-3077, Fox News's extensive coverage of the Harvey Weinstein scandal in October 2017 was seen by some as hypocritical.NEWS,weblink Fox News has spent 35× more time on Weinstein than O'Reilly, October 27, 2017, Axios, October 28, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink 12 hours vs. 20 minutes: Fox News focuses on Weinstein harassment, ignoring O'Reilly, Bauder, David, chicagotribune.com, October 28, 2017, en-US, Fox News dedicated at least 12 hours of coverage to the Weinstein scandal, yet only dedicated 20 minutes to Bill O'Reilly, who just like Weinstein had been accused of sexual harassment by a multitude of women. Indira Lakshmana, an expert in journalism ethics at the Poynter Institute, said "to devote hours of airtime to crowing about Weinstein's well-deserved downfall because of his liberal politics, while ignoring the massive, decades-long pattern of harassment by powerful men at Fox, is both hypocritical and sad". A few weeks later, when a number of women under the age of 18, including a 14-year old, accused Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore of making sexual advances, Hannity dismissed the sexual misconduct allegations and dedicated coverage on his TV show to casting doubt on the accusers.NEWS,weblink Fox News host Sean Hannity: 'I was not totally clear' while defending Roy Moore over sexual misconduct report, Business Insider, November 10, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink Fox News Forgets Its Own Sexual Harassment Problem And Again Attacks Victims, Madani, Doha, November 10, 2017, Huffington Post, November 10, 2017, en-US, Other prime-time Fox News hosts Tucker Carlson and Laura Ingraham questioned the Washington Posts reporting or opted to bring up sexual misconduct allegations regarding show business elites such as Harvey Weinstein and Louis C.K.NEWS,weblink A Rightward Tilt and Big Ratings at Fox News, Grynbaum, Michael M., November 12, 2017, The New York Times, November 13, 2017, en-US, 0362-4331, Fox News figures Jeanine Pirro and Gregg Jarrett questioned both the validity of the Washington Posts reporting and that of the women.NEWS,weblink SNL gets tough on Roy Moore, Fox News defends him, Obeidallah, Dean, CNN, November 13, 2017, In December 2017, a few days before the Alabama Senate election, Fox News, along with the conspiracy websites Breitbart and Gateway Pundit, ran an inaccurate headline which claimed one of Roy Moore's accusers admitted to forging an inscription by Roy Moore in her yearbook; Fox News later added a correction to the story.NEWS,weblink No, Roy Moore accuser didn't admit she forged signature, @politifact, December 9, 2017, en, A number of Fox News hosts have welcomed Bill O'Reilly to their shows and paid tributes to Roger Ailes after his death. In May 2017, Hannity called Ailes "a second father" and said to Ailes's "enemies" that he was "preparing to kick your a** in the next life".NEWS,weblink Sean Hannity has message for Roger Ailes' enemies, October 12, 2017, en, Ailes had the year before been fired from Fox News after a number of women alleged he sexually harassed them. In September 2017, several months after Bill O'Reilly was fired from Fox News in the wake of a number of women alleging he sexually harassed them, Hannity hosted O'Reilly on his show.NEWS,weblink Hannity to host O'Reilly Tuesday on Fox News, Lejeune, Tristan, September 26, 2017, TheHill, October 12, 2017, NEWS,weblink Bill O'Reilly appears on Fox News for first time since his ouster, Darcy, Oliver, CNNMoney, October 12, 2017, NEWS,weblink Bill O'Reilly returns to Fox as Sean Hannity's guest, USA TODAY, October 12, 2017, en, Some Fox News employees criticized the decision. According to CNN, during the interview, Hannity found kinship with O'Reilly as he appeared "to feel that he and O'Reilly have both become victims of liberals looking to silence them." Earlier, Hannity had dedicated extensive coverage to the Weinstein scandal.NEWS,weblink Sean Hannity goes on 10-minute rant about left's 'hypocrisy' on Harvey Weinstein, 2 weeks after having Bill O'Reilly on his show, Business Insider, October 12, 2017, en,

Obama administration conflict

In September 2009, the Obama administration engaged in a verbal conflict with Fox News Channel. On September 20, President Barack Obama appeared on all major news programs except Fox News, a snub partially in response to remarks about him by commentators Glenn Beck and Sean Hannity, and Fox coverage of Obama's health-care proposal.NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Fox's Volley With Obama Intensifying, Brian, Stelter, October 12, 2009, May 2, 2010, WEB,weblink White House: Fox Pushed Team Obama Over the Brink – US News and World Report, Usnews.com, October 23, 2009, July 29, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, In late September 2009, Obama senior advisor David Axelrod and Roger Ailes met in secret to attempt to smooth out tensions between the two camps. Two weeks later, chief of staff Rahm Emanuel referred to FNC as "not a news network" and communications director Anita Dunn said "Fox News often operates as either the research arm or the communications arm of the Republican Party".WEB,weblink The Fox News war: What's the upside for Obama?, CSMonitor.com, October 23, 2009,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Behind the War Between White House and Fox, Jim, Rutenberg, October 23, 2009, May 2, 2010, Obama observed, "If media is operating basically as a talk radio format, then that's one thing, and if it's operating as a news outlet, then that's another".NEWS,weblink President Obama's Feud with FOX News – CBS Evening News, CBS News, October 23, 2009, July 29, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel said it was important "to not have the CNNs and the others in the world basically be led in following Fox".NEWS,weblink Los Angeles Times, Obama's misguided Fox hunt, October 24, 2009, May 2, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, Within days, it was reported that Fox had been excluded from an interview with administration official Ken Feinberg, with bureau chiefs from the White House press pool (ABC, CBS, NBC, and CNN) coming to Fox's defense.NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Behind the War Between White House and Fox, Jim, Rutenberg, October 23, 2009, May 2, 2010, A bureau chief said, "If any member had been excluded it would have been the same thing, it has nothing to do with Fox or the White House or the substance of the issues".WEB, Christina Bellantoni, October 23, 2009,weblink WH: We're Happy To Exclude Fox, But Didn't Yesterday With Feinberg Interview | TPMDC, Tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com, July 29, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, Shortly after the story broke, the White House admitted to a low-level mistake, saying Fox had not made a specific request to interview Feinberg. Fox White House correspondent Major Garrett said he had not made a specific request, but had a "standing request from me as senior White House correspondent on Fox to interview any newsmaker at the Treasury at any given time news is being made".WEB, Steve, Krakauer,weblink Finally Resolved? Major Garrett Reveals His Side of Pay Czar-Gate, Mediaite, October 27, 2009, January 18, 2015,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, On November 8, 2009, the Los Angeles Times reported an unnamed Democratic consultant was warned by the White House not to appear on Fox News again. According to the article, Anita Dunn claimed in an e-mail to have checked with colleagues who "deal with TV issues" who denied telling anyone to avoid Fox. Patrick Caddell, a Fox News contributor and former pollster for President Jimmy Carter, said he had spoken with other Democratic consultants who had received similar warnings from the White House.NEWS,weblink Los Angeles Times, Democratic consultant says he got a warning from White House after appearing on Fox News, Peter, Nicholas, November 8, 2009, May 2, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, On October 2, 2013, Fox News host Anna Kooiman cited on the air a fake story from the National Report parody site, which claimed Obama had offered to keep the International Museum of Muslim Cultures open with cash from his own pocket.WEB, Fox News mistakenly airs parody of Obama offering to personally fund Muslim museum,weblink Yahoo! News, Eric Pfeiffer, WEB, Fox News Falls For Fake Story Claiming Obama is Funding Muslim Museum,weblink Gawker, October 6, 2013, Max Rivlin-Nadler, yes,weblink October 5, 2013, mdy, WEB, Museum Peace,weblink Snopes, October 6, 2013, Barbara Mikkelson,

Journalistic ethical standards

Fox News attracted controversy in April 2018 when it was revealed primetime host Sean Hannity had defended Michael Cohen on air without disclosing that Cohen was Hannity's lawyer.NEWS,weblink No Disclosure? No Problem. Sean Hannity Gets a Pass at Fox News., Grynbaum, Michael M., April 17, 2018, The New York Times, April 28, 2018, Koblin, John, en-US, 0362-4331, On April 9, 2018, federal agents from the U.S. Attorney's office served a search warrant on the office and residence of Michael Cohen, Trump's personal attorney.WEB,weblink FBI raids offices, home of Trump's personal lawyer: sources, Strobel, Warren, Walcott, John, April 10, 2018, Reuters, April 10, 2018, On the air, Hannity defended Cohen and criticized the federal action, calling it "highly questionable" and "an unprecedented abuse of power".NEWS,weblink Fox News host Sean Hannity revealed as Michael Cohen's mystery client, Winter, Tom, April 16, 2018, NBC News, April 16, 2018, Edelman, Adam, On April 16, 2018 in a court hearing, Cohen's lawyers told the judge that Cohen had ten clients in 2017–2018 but did "traditional legal tasks" for only three: Trump, Elliott Broidy, and a "prominent person" who did not wish to be named for fear of being "embarrassed".WEB,weblink Identity Of Michael Cohen's 'Mystery' Client Revealed As Sean Hannity, Miller, Hayley, Blumberg, Antonia, HuffPost, April 17, 2018, WEB,weblink Fox's Hannity revealed as mystery client of Trump's personal lawyer, Pierson, Brendan, Freifeld, Karen, Reuters, April 18, 2018, Stempel, Jonathan, WEB,weblink Sean Hannity Is Named as Client of Michael Cohen, Trump's Lawyer, Feuer, Alan, Grynbaum, Michael, The New York Times, April 18, 2018, Koblin, John, The federal judge ordered the revelation of the third client, whom Cohen's lawyers named as Hannity.Hannity was not sanctioned by Fox News for this breach of journalistic ethics, with Fox News releasing a statement that the channel was unaware of Hannity's relationship to Cohen and that it had "spoken to Sean and he continues to have our full support."NEWS,weblink Hannity's rising role in Trump's world: 'He basically has a desk in the place', Costa, Robert, April 17, 2018, Washington Post, April 28, 2018, Ellison, Sarah, en-US, 0190-8286, Dawsey, Josh, NEWS,weblink Cohen controversy tests Hannity's Teflon Sean reputation, POLITICO, April 28, 2018, NEWS,weblink Fox News gives Sean Hannity 'full support' as critics slam him for hiding link to Trump lawyer, Breuninger, Kevin, April 17, 2018, CNBC, April 28, 2018, Media ethics experts said that Hannity's failure to disclose was a major breach of journalistic ethics and that the network should have suspended or fired him for it.

International transmission

(File:Fox News World Providers Map.svg|thumb|Countries where Fox News is provided|alt=World map, with countries carrying terrestrial FNC in red and satellite providers in orange)The Fox News Channel feed is available internationally via a number of providers, while Fox Extra segments provide alternate programming.NEWS,weblink Fox Around the World, Fox News.com, Fox News Channel, March 6, 2012, May 7, 2012,

{{anchor|Fox Extra}}Fox Extra

Initially, U.S. advertisements were replaced on FNC with viewer e-mail and profiles of FNC anchors set to music. In 2002, these were replaced with international weather forecasts. In 2006, the weather forecasts were replaced with Fox Extra (originally Fox News Extra, prior to the international launch of Fox Business) segments, narrated reports from Fox on a variety of topics. These reports generally concern lighter issues unrelated to current news events, and the segments are repeated. FNC also shows international weather forecasts when Fox Extra segments run short. In the United Kingdom, after a period when local commercials were inserted into breaks, Fox Extra now fills most breaks.{{citation needed|date=November 2017}}

Australia

In Australia, FNC is broadcast on the dominant pay television provider Foxtel, which is 50% owned by News Corp Australia, the Australian arm of News Corp and the sister company of 21st Century Fox which owns FNC. Local cable news channel Sky News Australia is wholly owned by News Corp AustraliaWEB,weblink News Corp buys Sky News in Australia and New Zealand from Seven and Nine, The Sydney Morning Herald, December 1, 2016, December 1, 2016, and is therefore FNC's de facto sister channel, although has formal partnerships with FNC competitor CNN as well as both ABC News and CBS News.NEWS, News Limited seals pay TV deal after Federal Court approves CMH takeover, The Australian, November 4, 2012, November 2, 2012,weblink

Brazil

Since 2002, FNC has been broadcast to Brazil; however, commercials are replaced with Fox Extra. It is available in packages of Vivo TV.

Canada

Fox had initially planned to launch a joint venture with Canwest's Global Television Network, tentatively named Fox News Canada, which would have featured a mixture of U.S. and Canadian news programming. As a result, the CRTC denied a 2003 application requesting permission for Fox News Channel to be carried in Canada. However, in March 2004, a Fox executive said the venture had been shelved; in November of that year, the CRTC authorized Fox News Channel to be distributed by Canadian cable and satellite providers.NEWS,weblink CRTC approves Fox News for Canada, CBC News, November 18, 2004, August 27, 2010,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy,

France

Fox News is available on cable through French Internet provider Free on Canal 352. As of Spring 2017, the channel was no longer found on the provider Orange's lineup.{{citation needed|date=November 2017}}

Indonesia

In Indonesia, It is available in Channel 335 in pay TV provider Indovision.

Ireland

Broadcast of FNC in the Republic of Ireland ended in September 2017. Fox News was formerly carried by Sky.NEWS, Fox News fears could kill Rupert Murdoch's $15 billion Sky deal,weblink September 13, 2017, WPLG, September 12, 2017, yes,weblink September 13, 2017, mdy-all,

Israel

In Israel, FNC is broadcast on Channel 105 of the satellite provider Yes, as well as being carried on Cellcom TV and Partner TV.WEB,weblink ערוצי הטלוויזיה של סלקום tv – כל הערוצים שצריך במקום אחד, CellcomTV.Cellcom.co.il, December 24, 2017, It is also broadcast on channel 200 on cable operator HOT.WEB,weblink HOT channel listing, September 4, 2017, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170813133237weblink">weblink August 13, 2017, mdy-all,

Italy

In Italy, FNC is broadcast on SKY Italia. Fox news was launched on Stream TV in 2001, and moved to SKY Italia in 2003.

Netherlands

In the Netherlands, Fox News has been carried by cable providers UPC Nederland and CASEMA, and satellite provider Canaldigitaal; all have dropped the channel in recent years. At this time, only cable provider Caiway (available in a limited number of towns in the central part of the country) is broadcasting the channel. The channel is also carried by IPTV provider KNIPPR.

New Zealand

In New Zealand, FNC is broadcast on Channel 088 of pay satellite operator SKY Network Television's digital platform. It was formerly broadcast overnight on free-to-air UHF New Zealand TV channel Prime (owned by SKY); this was discontinued in January 2010, reportedly due to an expiring broadcasting license.NEWS,weblink Why is Fox News no longer airing on Prime?, skytv.co.nz, January 26, 2001, August 27, 2010, Fox News' former parent company News Corporation has a stake in both SKY and Prime.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, Fox News Channel is available on PTCL Smart TV and a number of cable and IPTV operators.

Philippines

In the Philippines, Fox News Channel was available on Cignal Digital TV channel 131 and G Sat Channel 50.

Scandinavia

Between 2003 and 2006, in Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries, FNC was broadcast 16 hours a day on TV8 (with Fox News Extra segments replacing U.S. advertising). Fox News was dropped by TV8 and replaced by German news channel Deutsche Welle in September 2006.

Singapore

In Singapore, FNC is broadcast on channel 702 on pay cable operator StarHub TV digital platform. It also broadcasts its sister channel, Sky News.

South Africa

In South Africa, FNC is broadcast on channel 261 of pay satellite operator StarSat's digital platform.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100501235218weblink">weblink TopTV – Bouquet Channels, May 1, 2010, toptv.co.za, The most popular pay television operator, DStv, does not offer FNC in its channel bouquet.WEB,weblink DStv Channels, May 6, 2018, DStv,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150405010514weblink">weblink April 5, 2015, yes,

United Kingdom

FNC was also carried in the United Kingdom by Sky, which was 40-percent owned by 21st Century Fox at the time, and operates its own domestic news channel Sky News. On August 29, 2017, Sky dropped Fox News; the broadcaster said its carriage was not "commercially viable" due to average viewership of fewer than 2,000 viewers per day. The company said the decision was unrelated to 21st Century Fox's proposed acquisition of the remainder of Sky plc (which ultimately led to a bidding war that resulted in its acquisition by Comcast instead).WEB,weblink Rupert Murdoch's Sky reign to end as Fox sells all shares to Comcast, Waterson, Jim, 26 September 2018, The Guardian, en, 27 September 2018, The potential co-ownership had prompted concerns from critics of the deal, who felt Sky News could undergo a shift to an opinionated format with a right-wing viewpoint, similar to Fox News; the channel has violated the Ofcom codes a number of times, including broadcasting analysis of the Brexit vote while polls were still open (a violation of British election laws; the channel was blocked while polls were open during the 2017 general election to comply with these rules), and various violations of a requirement for all news programming to show due impartiality.NEWS,weblink Fox News shows broke UK TV impartiality rules, Ofcom finds, editor, Graham Ruddick Media, November 6, 2017, The Guardian, November 7, 2017, en-GB, 0261-3077, NEWS,weblink Sky stops broadcasting rightwing US channel Fox News in UK, Sweney, Mark, August 29, 2017, The Guardian, August 29, 2017, Ruddick, Graham, en-GB, 0261-3077, NEWS,weblink Fox News Stops Airing in U.K.: A Look at Ofcom Rulings Against It, The Hollywood Reporter, August 30, 2017, en, NEWS,weblink Sky stops broadcasting Fox News in UK, August 29, 2017, BBC News, August 29, 2017, en-GB,

Other countries

Fox News is carried in more than 40 other countries. Although service to Japan ceased in summer 2003, it can still be seen on Americable (distributor for American bases),WEB,weblink Americable,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy, Mediatti (Kadena Air Base)WEB,weblink Mediatti, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120119074844weblink">weblink January 19, 2012, and Pan Global TV Japan.WEB,weblink Pan Global TV Japan,weblink November 23, 2010, no, mdy,

Notable personalities

Program hosts

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Correspondents and substitute anchors

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Regular guests and contributors

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Former hosts and contributors

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See also

{{Clear}}

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

Further reading

  • BOOK,weblink Fox News and American Politics: How One Channel Shapes American Politics and Society, Cassino, Dan, Routledge, 2016, 978-1-317-47999-4,
  • JOURNAL, Hopkins, Daniel J., Ladd, Jonathan M., The consequences of broader media choice: evidence from the expansion of Fox News, Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 9, 1, 115–135, 10.1561/100.00012099, March 2014, harv,

External links

{{commons category|Fox News Channel}}
  • {{official website}}
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