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Four Corners
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date=September 2019}}{{about|the region in the southwestern United States|the monument in this region at the corners of the four states|Four Corners Monument|other uses|Four Corners (disambiguation)}}
missing image!
- Navajo (young boy) 2007.jpg -
A young Navajo boy on horseback in Monument Valley. The Navajo Nation includes much of the Four Corners area, including the valley, used in many western movies.
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- Four Corners Monument (1).jpg -
Flags surrounding the Four Corners Monument. In clockwise order starting from the frontmost flag, the Flags of the U.S. states|state flag
of Arizona, Flag of the Navajo Nation (twice), Utah, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico, Navajo Nation (third instance), and the flag of the United States of Americaflag of the United States of America
missing image!
- DurangoSilverton1.jpg -
The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad, now a heritage railway, formerly connected the Four Corners area to the national rail network.
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- Bluff UT - aerial with San Juan River and Comb Ridge.jpg -
Bluff, Utah and Comb Ridge from the air.
The Four Corners is a region of the United States consisting of the southwestern corner of Colorado, southeastern corner of Utah, northeastern corner of Arizona, and northwestern corner of New Mexico. The Four Corners area is named after the quadripoint at the intersection of approximately 37° north latitude with 109° 03' west longitude, where the boundaries of the four states meet, and are marked by the Four Corners Monument. It is the only location in the United States where four states meet. Most of the Four Corners region belongs to semi-autonomous Native American nations, the largest of which is the Navajo Nation, followed by Hopi, Ute, and Zuni tribal reserves and nations. The Four Corners region is part of a larger region known as the Colorado Plateau and is mostly rural, rugged, and arid. In addition to the monument, commonly visited areas within Four Corners include Monument Valley, Mesa Verde National Park, Chaco Canyon, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument and Canyon de Chelly National Monument. The most populous city in the Four Corners region is Farmington, New Mexico, followed by Durango, Colorado.

History

The United States acquired the four corners region from Mexico after the end of the Mexican–American War in 1848. In 1863 Congress created the Arizona Territory from the western part of New Mexico Territory. The boundary was defined as a line running due south from the southwest corner of Colorado Territory, which had been created in 1861. This was an unusual act of Congress, which almost always defined the boundaries of new territories as lines of latitude or longitude, or following rivers. By defining one boundary as starting at the corner of another, Congress ensured the eventual creation of four states meeting at a point, regardless of the inevitable errors of boundary surveying.BOOK, Hubbard, Bill, Jr., American Boundaries: the Nation, the States, the Rectangular Survey, 2009, University of Chicago Press, 978-0-226-35591-7, 164, The area was first surveyed by the U.S. Government in 1868 as part of an effort to make Colorado Territory into a state, the first of the Four Corners states formed. The first marker was placed at the spot in 1912. The first Navajo tribal government was established in 1923 to regulate an increasing number of oil exploration activities on Navajo land.

Geography

The Four Corners Monument is located at {{coord|36|59|56.3|N|109|02|42.6|W||display=inline,title}}.WEB,weblink Four Corners PID AD9256, NGS Survey Monument Data Sheet, text file, United States National Geodetic Survey, May 7, 2003, January 15, 2007, The Four Corners is part of the high Colorado Plateau. This makes it a center for weather systems, which stabilize on the plateau then proceed eastward through Colorado and into the central states. This weather system creates snow and rain fall over the central United States.WEB,weblink Rainmaker, Go North â€“ Nebraska Needs Help, Too, Kansas State University Research and Extension, Ward, Kathleen, May 8, 2008, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20060912151115weblink">weblink September 12, 2006, Federally protected areas in the Four Corners area include Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Hovenweep National Monument, Mesa Verde National Park, and Canyons of the Ancients National Monument. Mountain Ranges in the Four Corners include Sleeping Ute Mountains, Abajo Mountains, and the Chuska Mountains.

Politics

Six governments have jurisdictional boundaries at the Four Corners Monument: the states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah, as well as the tribal governments of the Navajo Nation and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe.WEB,weblink Ute Mountain Ute Indian Reservation, U.S. Department of Energy, May 11, 2008, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080626005051weblink">weblink June 26, 2008, The Four Corners Monument itself is administered by the Navajo Nation Department of Parks and Recreation.WEB,weblink Four corners Monument, Navajo Nation, December 6, 2016, Other tribal nations within the Four Corners region include the Hopi and other Ute.WEB,weblink Four Corners Indian Tribes, Farmington, New Mexico Convention and Visitors Bureau, December 6, 2016, The Four Corners is home to the capital of the Navajo tribal government at Window Rock, Arizona.WEB,weblink Welcome to the Navajo Nation, Navajo Nation, December 6, 2016, The Ute Mountain Ute Tribal headquarters are located at Towaoc, Colorado.WEB,weblink Ute Mountain Ute Tribe â€“ Overview and Statistics, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, May 11, 2008,

Cities

The Four Corners region is mostly rural. The economic hub, largest city, and only metropolitan area in the region is Farmington, New Mexico.WEB,weblink Four Corners Area Map, Farmington, New Mexico Convention and Visitors Bureau, May 8, 2008, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070924012537weblink">weblink September 24, 2007, The populated settlement closest to the center of Four Corners is Teec Nos Pos, Arizona.WEB,weblink Google Maps, Google using data from Navteq, May 8, 2008, Other cities in the region include Cortez and Durango in Colorado; Monticello and Blanding in Utah; Kayenta and Chinle in Arizona; and Shiprock, Aztec, and Bloomfield in New Mexico.

Transportation

Air service is available via the Durango-La Plata County Airport in Durango, Colorado, Four Corners Regional Airport in Farmington, New Mexico, and Cortez Municipal Airport in Cortez, Colorado. Interstate 40 passes along the southern edge of the Four Corners region. The primary U.S. Highways that directly serve the Four Corners include U.S. Route 64, U.S. Route 160 (which serves the Four Corners Monument itself), U.S. Route 163, U.S. Route 191, U.S. Route 491 (previously U.S. Route 666WEB,weblink U.S. 666: Beast of a Highway?, November 17, 2007, Richard F. Weingroff
United States Department of Transportation>USDOT â€“ Federal Highway Administration, FHWA), ), and U.S. Route 550.The main line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, now operated by the BNSF Railway, passes along the southern edge of Four Corners. The area is home to remnants of through railroads that are now heritage railways. These include the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad and the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad. The Black Mesa and Lake Powell Railroad, which connects a power plant with a coal mine near Kayenta, comes near the Four Corners.MAP
, Benchmark Maps
, Arizona Road and Recreation Atlas
,weblink
, 2004
, 2004
, 1:400,000
, 0-929591-84-4
, D3
,

See also

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{commons category|Four Corners, United States}}
  • {{Wikivoyage-inline|Four Corners}}
{{Regions of the United States}}


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