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Flagstaff, Arizona
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{{short description|City in Arizona, United States}}{{Use mdy dates|date=May 2019}}







factoids
}}Arizona|size=23px}}Coconino County, Arizona>size=25px}}|established_title1 = Settled|established_date1 = 1876Municipal corporation>Incorporated|established_date2 = 1928Council-manager government>Council-Manager|governing_body = Flagstaff City Council|leader_title = MayorIndependent politician>IHTTP://WWW.NABOURSFORMAYOR.COM/RE-ELECTION-PRESS-RELEASE.HTML >TITLE=FLAGSTAFF MAYOR JERRY NABOURS ANNOUNCES RE-ELECTION BID ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20160902184923/HTTP://WWW.NABOURSFORMAYOR.COM/RE-ELECTION-PRESS-RELEASE.HTML ACCESS-DATE=SEPTEMBER 2, 2016, dead, )|unit_pref = Imperial|area_magnitude = 1 E8|area_total_sq_mi = 66.08|area_total_km2 = 171.13|area_land_sq_mi = 66.02|area_land_km2 = 171.00|area_water_sq_mi = 0.05|area_water_km2 = 0.142010 United States Census>2010|population_est = 73964|pop_est_as_of = 2018|pop_est_footnotes = PUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU, June 18, 2014, |population_total = 65870List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas>291st)|population_demonym = Flagstonian or Flagstaffian|population_density_km2 = 432.54|population_density_sq_mi = 1120.28Mountain Standard Time Zone>MST (no DST)|utc_offset = −7355711152region:US-AZ|display=inline,title}}29046, Feature Detail Report for: Flagstaff, |elevation_m = 2106|elevation_ft = 6910|postal_code_type = ZIP codes|postal_code = 86001-86005-86004, 86011Area code 928>928Federal Information Processing Standard>FIPS code04|23620}}Geographic Names Information System>GNIS ID(s)28749}}, {{GNIS4|29046}}flagstaff.az.gov/}}|footnotes = PUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU, Jul 1, 2019, |blank_name_sec2 = Major airport|blank_info_sec2 = Flagstaff Pulliam AirportInterstate Highway System>Interstates26px26px26px|link=Business routes of Interstate 40)United States Numbered Highway System>U.S. Highways26px26px|link=U.S. Route 180) List of state routes in Arizona>State Routes26px|link=Arizona State Route 89)}}Flagstaff is a city in and the county seat of Coconino CountyWEB,weblink June 7, 2011, Find a County, National Association of Counties, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110531210815weblink">weblink May 31, 2011, in northern Arizona, in the southwestern United States. In 2018, the city's estimated population was 73,964. Flagstaff's combined metropolitan area has an estimated population of 139,097. The city is named after a ponderosa pine flagpole made by a scouting party from Boston (known as the "Second Boston Party") to celebrate the United States Centennial on July 4, 1876weblink lies near the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau, along the western side of the largest contiguous ponderosa pine forest in the continental United States."Biotic Communities of the Colorado Plateau {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150429131203weblink |date=April 29, 2015 }}." Northern Arizona University. Retrieved on March 2, 2007. Flagstaff is next to Mount Elden, just south of the San Francisco Peaks, the highest mountain range in the state of Arizona. Humphreys Peak, the highest point in Arizona at {{convert|12633|ft}}, is about {{convert|10|mi|km}} north of Flagstaff in Kachina Peaks Wilderness.Flagstaff's early economy was based on the lumber, railroad, and ranching industries. Today, the city remains an important distribution hub for companies such as Nestlé Purina PetCare, and is home to Lowell Observatory, the U.S. Naval Observatory, the United States Geological Survey Flagstaff Station, and Northern Arizona University. Flagstaff has a strong tourism sector, due to its proximity to Grand Canyon National Park, Oak Creek Canyon, the Arizona Snowbowl, Meteor Crater, and historic Route 66. The city is also a growing center for medical and biotechnology manufacturing, home to corporations such as SenesTech and W. L. Gore and Associates. WEB,weblink With revenues still small, Flagstaff's SenesTech looks to sales growth in 2018, Reporter, EMERY COWAN Sun Staff, Arizona Daily Sun, en, March 7, 2019, WEB,weblink W.L. Gore & Associates: Celebrating 50 years in Flagstaff, Reporter, SUZANNE ADAMS-OCKRASSA Sun Staff, Arizona Daily Sun, en, March 7, 2019,

History

(File:Flagstaff, AZ ca. 1899.jpg|thumb|left|Flagstaff ca. 1899; view of Post Office and other buildings on Terrace Street)There are several stories and legends about the origin of the city's name. Surveyors, prospectors, and investors had traveled through the area in the mid- to late-19th century, and the act of stripping a pine tree to fly an American flag has been attributed to several individuals over a twenty-year span. It is said that, because of the flag that was raised, the area surrounding it became known as Flagstaff.The first permanent settlement was in 1876, when Thomas F. McMillan built a cabin at the base of Mars Hill on the west side of town. During the 1880s, Flagstaff began to grow, opening its first post office and attracting the railroad industry. The early economy was based on timber, sheep, and cattle. By 1886, Flagstaff was the largest city on the railroad line between Albuquerque and the west coast of the United States."Flagstaff Community Profile." Official City Website. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. A circa 1900 diary entry by journalist Sharlot Hall described the houses in the city as a "third rate mining camp", with unkempt air and high prices of available goods.Sharlot Hall's diary, quoted in the Plateau Journal of the Museum of Northern Arizona, v. 5 No. 1, 1991, p. 13In 1894, Massachusetts astronomer Percival Lowell hired A. E. Douglass to scout an ideal site for a new observatory. Douglass, impressed by Flagstaff's elevation, named it as an ideal location for the now famous Lowell Observatory, saying: "other things being equal, the higher we can get the better".P. Lowell to A. E. Douglass, April 16, 1894, Lowell Observatory Archives. Two years later, the specially designed {{convert|24|in|mm|adj=on}} Clark telescope that Lowell had ordered was installed. In 1930, Pluto was discovered using one of the observatory's telescopes. In 1955 the U.S. Naval Observatory joined the growing astronomical presence, and established the United States Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station, where Pluto's satellite, Charon, was discovered in 1978.NEWS,weblink Ever wonder who makes your GPS work?, Ferguson, Joe, September 28, 2009, Arizona Daily Sun, October 8, 2009, During the Apollo program in the 1960s, the Clark Telescope was used to map the moon for the lunar expeditions, enabling the mission planners to choose a safe landing site for the lunar modules.Putnam, William Lowell. "The explorers of Mars Hill : a centennial history of Lowell Observatory, 1894–1994." West Kennebunk, Me. : Published for Lowell Observatory by Phoenix Pub., c1994. In homage to the city's importance in the field of astronomy, asteroid 2118 Flagstaff is named for the city, and 6582 Flagsymphony for the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra.(File:NAU Old Main.jpg|thumb|left|Northern Arizona University's Old Main building)The Northern Arizona Normal School was established in 1899, renamed Northern Arizona University in 1966. Flagstaff's cultural history received a significant boost on April 11, 1899, when the Flagstaff Symphony made its concert debut at Babbitt's Opera House. The orchestra continues today as the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra, with its primary venue at the Ardrey Auditorium on the campus of Northern Arizona University."History of the FSO." Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved on April 11, 2007.The city grew rapidly, primarily due to its location along the east–west transcontinental railroad line in the United States. In the 1880s, the railroads purchased land in the west from the federal government, which was then sold to individuals to help finance the railroad projects.BOOK, Paradis, Thomas Wayne, iUniverse, Theme Town: A Geography of Landscape and Community in Flagstaff, Arizona, 2003, 059527035265–67}} By the 1890s, Flagstaff found itself along one of the busiest railroad corridors in the U.S., with 80–100 trains travelling through the city every day, destined for Chicago, Los Angeles, and elsewhere.{{rpThe Themed Space: Locating Culture, Nation, and Self, ed. Scott A. Lukas (Lanham, Maryland, Lexington Books, 2007), {{ISBN>0-7391-2142-1}}(File:Old Coconino County Courthouse.jpg|right|thumb|Old Coconino County Courthouse from Birch Avenue, June 2005)Route 66 was completed in 1926 and ran through Flagstaff. Flagstaff was incorporated as a city in 1928, and in 1929, the city's first motel, the Motel Du Beau, was built at the intersection of Beaver Street and Phoenix Avenue. The Daily Sun described the motel as "a hotel with garages for the better class of motorists." The units originally rented for $2.60 to $5.00 each, with baths, toilets, double beds, carpets, and furniture.{{rp|244–245}} Flagstaff went on to become a popular tourist stop along Route 66, particularly due to its proximity to the Grand Canyon.Flagstaff grew and prospered through the 1960s. During the 1970s and 1980s, however, many businesses started to move from the city center, and the downtown area entered an economic and social decline. Sears and J.C. Penney left the downtown area in 1979 to open up as anchor stores in the new Flagstaff Mall, joined in 1986 by Dillard's. By 1987, the Babbitt Brothers Trading Company, a retail fixture in Flagstaff since 1891, closed its doors at Aspen Avenue and San Francisco Street.{{rp|161–167}}The Railroad Addition Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.In 1987, the city drafted a new master plan, also known as the Growth Management Guide 2000, which would transform downtown Flagstaff from a shopping and trade center into a regional center for finance, office use, and government. The city built a new city hall, library, and the Coconino County Administrative Building in the downtown district, staking an investment by the local government for years to come. In 1992, the city hired a new manager, Dave Wilcox, who had previously worked at revitalizing the downtown areas of Beloit, Wisconsin and Missoula, Montana. During the 1990s, the downtown area underwent a revitalization, many of the city sidewalks were repaved with decorative brick facing, and a different mix of shops and restaurants opened up to take advantage of the area's historical appeal.On October 24, 2001, Flagstaff was recognized by the International Dark-Sky Association as the world's first "International Dark-Sky City."WEB,weblink Flagstaff is the world's first "International Dark-Sky City"., May 2, 2009, flagstaffdarkskies.org, October 8, 2009, Staff Writer. "Stellar ideas keep astronomy in state." Arizona Republic. November 19, 2006. Retrieved on October 14, 2007.In 2012, Flagstaff was officially named "America’s First STEM Community" (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) by Flagstaff Mayor Jerry Nabours.WEB, Flagstaff Named America’s First STEM Community,weblink October 29, 2012, Expect More Arizona, WEB,weblink 2015, Flagstaff STEM City, STEM city Flagstaff, Arizona,

Geography

Flagstaff is located at {{Coord|35|11|57|N|111|37|52|W|region:US}}.WEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, April 23, 2011, February 12, 2011, US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of {{convert|63.9|sqmi|km2|1}}, of which only {{convert|0.03|sqmi|km2|2}} (0.08%) is water.At {{convert|7000|ft|sigfig=3}} elevation, next to the largest contiguous ponderosa pine forest in North America, Flagstaff is on a mountain surrounded by volcanoes, in the heart of the Coconino national forest. Any type of desert climate can be found below its elevation 100 miles from Flagstaff.WEB
,weblink
, Flagstaff: The destination for all seasons.
, flagstaffarizona.org
, October 8, 2009
, dead
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20091018095255weblink">weblink
, October 18, 2009
, The city is situated on the Rio de Flag, and is about {{convert|130|mi|km}} north of Phoenix.

Cityscape

(File:Flagstaffazm.jpg|thumb|left|San Francisco Peaks from Flagstaff)Downtown Flagstaff lies immediately to the east of Mars Hill, the location of Lowell Observatory. Streets in the downtown area are laid out in a grid pattern, parallel to Route 66 and the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Rail Line, running east–west through the city. Milton Road branches off from Route 66 west of downtown, and travels south, adjacent to the Northern Arizona University campus, to the junction of Interstate 17 and Interstate 40. Milton Road becomes I-17. A road called Beulah Boulevard, which also runs south, becomes State Route 89A, and travels through Oak Creek Canyon to Sedona. Traveling north from downtown, Fort Valley Road (U.S. 180) connects with the Museum of Northern Arizona, Arizona Snowbowl, and Grand Canyon National Park. Traveling east from downtown, Route 66 and the railroad run in parallel toward East Flagstaff (and beyond), at the base of Mount Elden. Much of Flagstaff's industry is east of downtown, adjacent to the railroad tracks, as well as in East Flagstaff.Several towns are close to Flagstaff along Interstates 40 and 17. Approximately {{convert|6|mi|km}} south are the small urban areas of Kachina Village (west of I-17) and Mountainaire (east of I-17; {{convert|2|mi|km}}). About {{convert|35|mi|km}} to the west is Williams, {{convert|20|mi|km}} to the south is Munds Park, and {{convert|30|mi|km}} to the south on Arizona Highway 89A is Sedona. {{convert|15|mi|km}} to the east of Flagstaff is the town of Winona, mentioned in the famous song, Route 66.

Climate

Flagstaff is high desert and has a rather dry semi-continental climate (Köppen Dsb/Csb).Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Authors Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L., and McMahon, T.A. Published by European Geosciences Union. Note that the American winter isotherm (0 Â°C), not the international standard (−3 Â°C), is used.
Flagstaff has five distinct seasons: a cold and snowy winter, with extended dry periods punctuated by deep snows about once every 3–4 weeks; a dry and windy spring with occasional snows; a very dry and warm early summer from May to early July; a wet monsoon season from July to early September; and a dry and pleasant fall which lasts until the first snows in November.
The combination of high elevation and low humidity provides mild weather conditions throughout most of the year. The predominantly clear air and high elevation radiate daytime heating effectively, resulting in overnight temperatures generally much lower than the daytime temperature. This means a {{cvt|55|F}} day in January can drop to {{cvt|15|F}} at night. Winter nights in fact can be extremely cold, with temperatures dropping below {{convert|0|F|C|0}}WEB
,weblink
, Compare Averages and Records (Flagstaff, Phoenix)
, The Weather Channel
, July 31, 2009
, dead
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110628235807weblink">weblink
, June 28, 2011
, on 5 to 6 nights per year.Winter weather patterns in Flagstaff are cyclonic and frontal in nature, originating in the eastern Pacific Ocean. These deliver periodic, widespread snowfall, followed by extended periods of sunny weather. The area's generally stable weather pattern is broken by brief, but often intense, afternoon downpours and dramatic thunderstorms common during the monsoon of July and August. Summer temperatures are moderate, and high temperatures average around {{convert|82|°F}}. Extreme temperatures range from {{convert|−30|°F}} on January 22, 1937 up to {{convert|97|°F}} on July 5, 1973, respectively.The weather in Flagstaff is generally sunny, with much more sunshine than other snowy cities like New York City, Chicago and Boston.WEB
,weblink
, Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information
, February 17, 2009
, The Weather Channel
, The annual snowfall averages {{convert|100.3|in|cm|1}}, placing Flagstaff among the snowiest incorporated cities in the United States.WEB
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20030216070327weblink">weblink
, dead
, February 16, 2003
, Snowfall â€“ Average Total in Inches
, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
, January 28, 2011
, Overall, the city features an average of 277 days without measurable precipitation each year. Despite snowstorms often being spread weeks apart, snow often covers the ground for weeks after major winter storms due to the low night temperatures refreezing the snowpack, even when daytime temperatures are above freezing. The highest recorded snowfall in a single day was {{convert|35.9|in|cm|1}} on February 21, 2019.WEB,weblink New single-day snowfall record has been set in Flagstaff, AZ. Officially, 35.9" of snow was measured at the Flagstaff Airport yesterday (Feb 21). #azwxpic.twitter.com/wc1Cvzw4JJ, Flagstaff, N. W. S., February 21, 2019, @NWSFlagstaff, en, March 7, 2019, The maximum daily snow cover has been {{convert|83|in|cm|0}} on December 20, 1967, although the mean maximum for a full winter is only {{convert|20|in|cm|0}} and the lowest maximum only {{convert|6|in|cm|0}} in the dry winter of 1955–56. However, due to the infrequent and scattered nature of the snowstorms, persistent snow pack into spring is rare. One notable exception occurred during the severe winter of 1915–16, when successive Pacific storms buried the city under over {{convert|70|in|cm|0}} of snow, and some residents were snowbound in their homes for several days."Arizona’s Most Notable Storms." National Weather Service. Retrieved on July 18, 2007.(File:Flagstaff AZ from Mars Hill.jpg|800px|center|View of Flagstaff from Mars Hill){{Flagstaff, Arizona weatherbox}}

Demographics

{{US Census population|1890= 964|1900= 1271|1910= 1633|1920= 3186|1930= 3891|1940= 5080|1950= 7663|1960= 18214|1970= 26117|1980= 34743|1990= 45857|2000= 52894|2010= 65870|estyear=2018|estimate=73964ACCESSDATE=JUNE 4, 2019, PUBLISHER=CENSUS.GOV, June 4, 2016, }}According to the 2010 census, the population of the city was 65,870.WEB,weblink Flagstaff (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau, Quickfacts.census.gov, January 20, 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120606015816weblink">weblink June 6, 2012, The population density was 831.9 people per square mile (321.2/km²). There were 26,254 housing units at an average density of 336.5 per square mile (129.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.4% White, 1.9% Black or African American, 11.7% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 7.3% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. 18.4% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. The city's African American population is considerably lower than the U.S. average (1.9% versus 12.6%), while the Native American population is markedly higher (11.7% vs. 0.9%). This is primarily attributable to the city's proximity to several Native American reservations, including the Navajo, Hopi, Havasupai, and Yavapai. Flagstaff's Native American community is chiefly Navajo, and there are about 5,500 people of Navajo ancestry living in the city.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110212194457weblink">American Factfinder, U.S. Census BureauAs of 2000, there were 19,306 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.13.The age distribution was 24.3% under the age of 18, 21.7% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.The median income for a household in the city was $37,146, and the median income for a family was $48,427. Males had a median income of $31,973 versus $24,591 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,637. About 10.6% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.As a college town, Flagstaff's population is considerably more educated than the U.S. average. 89.8% of the population has a high school diploma or higher, while the national average is 80.4%. 39.4% of the population has a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to the national average of 24.4%.

Crime

For 2012, the FBI's Uniform Crime Report indicated for Flagstaff a rate of 262 cases of violent crime per 100,000 population and 2,834 cases of property crime per 100,000 population."FBI Uniform Crime Report." Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2012. Retrieved on June 18, 2014.

Economy

File:BNSF train crossing BeaverSt.jpg|right|thumb|BNSF train travels through downtown Flagstaff. The rail and freight industries have long been a part of the city's economy.]]In its early days, the city's economic base comprised the lumber, railroad, and ranching industries. Today, that has largely been replaced by tourism, education, government, and transportation. Some of the larger employers in Flagstaff are Northern Arizona University, the Flagstaff Medical Center, and the Flagstaff Unified School District. Tourism is a large contributor to the economy, as the city receives over 5 million visitors per year.Scientific and high tech research and development operations are in the city, including the Lowell Observatory, Northern Arizona University, the United States Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station (NOFS) and the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Flagstaff campus. Lowell Observatory continues to be an active astronomical observatory and a popular visitors center which hosts educational displays and tours. It has a distributed network of small telescopes which together create images of celestial bodies with much higher resolutions than any other single telescope can produce. Research is involved in observations of near-Earth phenomena such as asteroids and comets. The observatory is also involved in a $30 million project with the Discovery Channel to build the Discovery Channel Telescope, a sophisticated, ground-based telescope with advanced optical capabilities for future projects.Wotkyns, Steele. "Lowell Observatory and Discovery Communications, Inc., Announce Partnership to Build Innovative Telescope Technology {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20061210043112weblink |date=December 10, 2006 }}." Lowell Observatory. October 15, 2003. Retrieved on February 22, 2007. Lowell Observatory and NOFS are also collaborators on the major project, the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer, on nearby Anderson Mesa. NOFS is heavily involved with the science of star catalogs and astrometry, or the positions and distances of stars and celestial objects.(File:Purinaflag.jpg|thumb|left|170px|Purina PetCare building)There are five industrial parks in the city, situated near I-40 and I-17. Major manufacturers in Flagstaff include W. L. Gore & Associates, widely known as the maker of Gore-Tex; Nestlé Purina PetCare, manufacturer of pet food; SenesTech, a biotechnology research lab and manufacturer; SCA Tissue, a major tissue paper producer; and Joy Cone, manufacturer of ice cream cones.WEB,weblink Behind the scenes: Joy Cone in Flagstaff, world's largest ice cream cone manufacturer, azcentral, en, March 7, 2019, Walgreens operated a distribution center in the city until 2014weblink proximity to Grand Canyon National Park, the city also has a thriving travel and tourism industry, with numerous hotel and restaurant chains. The downtown area is home to two historic hotels, the Weatherford Hotel and the Hotel Monte Vista. The first hotel of the Ramada Inn chain opened in 1954 at the intersection of U.S. Routes 66, 89 and 89A adjacent to what was then Arizona State College (now Northern Arizona University). The original building is still intact, operating as a Super 8 Motel.McDonough, Brian. "Building Type Basics for Hospitality Facilities." 2001. John Wiley and Sons, p. 11. {{ISBN|0-471-36944-6}}

Arts and culture

File:OrpheumTheater Flagstaff.jpg|thumb|right|The Orpheum Theater in downtown Flagstaff features a wide variety of concerts and other performances.]]Flagstaff has an active cultural scene. The city is home to the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra, which plays concerts from September through April at Ardrey Auditorium on the NAU campus. The city also attracts folk and contemporary acoustic musicians, and offers several annual music festivals during the summer months, such as the Flagstaff Friends of Traditional Music Festival, the Flagstaff Music Festival, and Pickin' in the Pines, a three-day bluegrass and acoustic music festival held at the Pine Mountain Amphitheater at Fort Tuthill Fairgrounds."Flagstaff Friends of Traditional Music (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007."Flagstaff Music Festival (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007."Pickin' in the Pines – Bluegrass and Acoustic Music Festival (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007. Popular bands play throughout the year at the Orpheum Theater, and free concerts are held during the summer months at Heritage Square."Thursdays on the Square {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130719140733weblink |date=July 19, 2013 }} (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007.Flagstaff is home to an active theatre scene, featuring several groups. Northern Arizona University Department of Theatre is an active and successful theatre program that produces quality productions for the community as well as the campus. The department has won many prestigious awards including multiple invitations to the Kennedy Center American College Theatre Festival. NAU Theatre performs in two facilities including the Clifford E. White Theatre (named for long-time Theatre professor Clifford E. White) and the Studio Theatre. Both facilities are housed in the Fine and Performing Arts Building on campus. The season includes four mainstage and numerous second stage productions and a summer collaboration with Theatrikos Theatre Company. Theatrikos, a local community theater company, was founded in 1972 in the basement of the Weatherford Hotel, and today puts on six major productions per year. In 2002, the company moved into a new venue now known as the Doris-Harper White Community Playhouse, a downtown building which was built in 1923 as an Elks Lodge and later became the Flagstaff library."Theatrikos: A Brief History {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071009222647weblink |date=October 9, 2007 }} ." theatrikos.com. Retrieved on July 18, 2007. Since 1995, the Flagstaff Light Opera Company has performed a variety of musical theatre and light opera productions throughout the year at the Sinagua Middle/School auditorium."Flagstaff Light Opera Company (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007. There are several dance companies in Flagstaff, including Coconino Community College Dance Program, Northern Arizona Preparatory Company and Canyon Movement, which present periodic concerts and collaborate with the Flagstaff Symphony for free concerts during the summer and holiday seasons."Canyon Movement Company (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007.A variety of weekend festivals occur throughout the year. The annual Northern Arizona Book Festival, held in the spring, brings together nationally known authors to read and display their works.Northern Arizona Book Festival Retrieved August 10, 2012. The Flagstaff Mountain Film Festival is held every October, and features a variety of independent films and documentaries focusing on extreme sports, environmental issues, and global topics. The festival is four days long and consists of several sessions of films. The screenings are held at the Orpheum Theater in the historic downtown area."Four Spectacular Days of Films (website)." Retrieved on July 18, 2007. The summer months feature several festivals, including Hopi and Navajo Festivals of Arts and Crafts, the Arizona Highland Celtic Festival, Pride in the Pines,WEB,weblink History, northernazpride.org, June 26, 2009,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090619055457weblink">weblink June 19, 2009, and the Made in the Shade Beer Tasting Festival.WEB,weblink Made in the Shade Beer Tasting Festival, azbeer.com, June 26, 2009, For more than 20 years Flagstaff has hosted the 10-day Flagstaff Festival of Science in September. It is a family event which features open houses, lectures, informal talks, and hands-on activities at area museums, observatories, other scientific facilities, and the university. In-school programs also are an important part of the festival. The festival begins with the annual Eugene Shoemaker keynote address. Guest speakers have included famous astronauts, arctic explorers, storm chasers, and scientists from many disciplines. The Coconino County Fair is held every September at the Fort Tuthill County Fairgrounds, featuring a demolition derby, livestock auction, carnival rides, and other activities.Miller, Cindy. "Summer's worth of festival fun." Arizona Republic. June 18, 2006. Retrieved on July 18, 2007.File:Flagstaff New Year's Pine Cone Drop.jpg|thumb|left|Weatherford HotelWeatherford HotelOn New Year's Eve, people gather around the Weatherford Hotel as a 70-pound, {{convert|6|ft|m|adj=on}} tall, metallic pine cone is dropped from the roof at midnight. The tradition originated in 1999, when Henry Taylor and Sam Green (owners of the Weatherford Hotel), decorated a garbage can with paint, lights, and pine cones, and dropped it from the roof of their building to mark the new millennium. By 2003 the event had become tradition, and the current metallic pine cone was designed and built by Frank Mayorga of Mayorga Welding in Flagstaff.Craven, Scott. "Dec. 31: New Year's Eve Block Party and Pinecone Drop." Arizona Republic. December 28, 2006. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.The Museum of Northern Arizona includes displays of the biology, archeology, photography, anthropology, and native art of the Colorado Plateau. The Arboretum at Flagstaff is a {{convert|200|acre|ha|adj=on}} arboretum featuring 2,500 species of drought-tolerant native plants representative of the high-desert region."Museum of Northern Arizona (website)." Retrieved on July 14, 2007."The Arboretum at Flagstaff (website)." Retrieved on July 14, 2007.Route 66, which originally ran between Chicago and Los Angeles, greatly increased the accessibility to the area, and enhanced the culture and tourism in Flagstaff."Route 66 in the Flagstaff Area." theroadwnaderer.net. 2003. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. Route 66 remains a historic route, passing through the city between Barstow, California, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. In early September, the city hosts an annual event, Route 66 Days, to highlight its connection to the famous highway."Flagstaff Route 66 Days (website)." Retrieved on July 14, 2007.

Sports

File:Flagstaff NAU Skydome.jpg|right|thumb|Northern Arizona University's Walkup SkydomeWalkup SkydomeThere are no major-league professional sports teams based in Flagstaff. However, from 1988 to 2012 (with the exception of the 2005 season, due to an outbreak of a flu-like virus), the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League held their summer training camp at Northern Arizona University.Staff Writer. "Cardinals arriving for training camp." Northern Arizona University. July 26, 2006. Retrieved on November 26, 2006. The NAU training camp location has been cited as one of the top five training camps in the NFL by Sports Illustrated.King, Peter. "My top five training camps: Places to get up close and personal with NFL players." Sports Illustrated. July 6, 2005. Retrieved on November 26, 2006. The Cardinals left Flagstaff in summer 2013."weblink"Northern Arizona University sponsors 15 sports at the Division I level, including a football team that competes at the Division I Football Championship Series level. All sports are members of the Big Sky Conference with the exception of the Women's Swimming & Diving team, which competes in the Western Athletic Conference. The Men's Cross Country team has featured four straight top ten finishes at the NCAA Division I Cross Country championships, which are held each year in Terre Haute, Indiana. The track and field team is home to several All-Americans including NCAA Champion/Olympian Lopez Lomong, two time NCAA Champion David McNeill and All-American/ 2012 Olympian Diego Estrada.

Parks and outdoor recreation

(File:Humphreys Peak AZ.jpg|thumb|right|Humphreys Peak, north of Flagstaff)Flagstaff has acquired a reputation as a magnet for outdoor enthusiasts, and the region's varied terrain, high elevation, and amenable weather attract campers, backpackers, climbers, recreation and elite runners, and mountain bikers from throughout the southwestern United States. There are {{convert|679.2|acre|ha}} of city parks in Flagstaff, the largest of which are Thorpe Park and Buffalo Park. Wheeler Park, next to city hall, is the location of summer concerts and other events."City Parks {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090321115253weblink |date=March 21, 2009 }}." City of Flagstaff Website. Retrieved on July 14, 2007. The city maintains an extensive network of trails, the Flagstaff Urban Trails System, or "FUTS" includes more than 50 miles of paved and unpaved trails for hiking, running, and cycling. The trail network extends throughout the city and is widely used for both recreation and transportation."Flagstaff Urban Trails System." City of Flagstaff Website. Retrieved on July 18, 2010.The area is a recreational hub for road cycling and mountain biking clubs, organized triathlon events, and annual cross country ski races. Several major river running operators are headquartered in Flagstaff, and the city serves as a base for Grand Canyon and Colorado River expeditions.Staff Writer. "What to Do in Flagstaff." flagstaff.com. May 10, 2007. Retrieved on May 10, 2007.Flagstaff's proximity to Grand Canyon National Park, about {{convert|75|mi|km}} north of the city, has made it a popular tourist destination since the mid-19th century. Other nearby outdoor attractions include Walnut Canyon National Monument, Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Wupatki National Monument, and Barringer Crater. Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and Lake Powell are both about {{convert|135|mi|km|abbr=on}} north along U.S. Route 89. WEB,weblink The Flagstaff Area National Monuments – Walnut Canyon National Monument (U.S. National Park Service), National Park Service, Flagstaff Area National Monuments, www.nps.gov, en, March 7, 2019,

Dark Sky City

(File:Bonito Park (34664189092).jpg|thumb|400px|Vista of the Milky Way above Bonito Park in 2017)Flagstaff takes one of its nicknames from its legislative designation as the world's first International Dark Sky City, a deliberate dark sky preserve area with measures to reduce light pollution. This was one of the world's first coordinated legislative efforts to do so. In the city there has been over fifty years of planning and development,WEB,weblink Flagstaff Annual Report 2018, darksky.app.box.com, January 16, 2019, with the full support of the ecologically-aware population and community advocates, frequent government support, and the assistance of major observatories in the area — including the United States Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station and Lowell Observatory.Flagstaff Dark Skies Coalition. Flagstaffdarkskies.org (October 24, 2011). Retrieved 2011-12-03.Coconino County Lighting and General Codes {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110721032922weblink |date=July 21, 2011 }}. Coconino.az.gov (January 7, 2008). Retrieved 2011-12-03.Arizona IDA presentation on Lighting issues (PowerPoint) {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100706041538weblink |date=July 6, 2010 }}. darksky.org.Lowell Observatory. Lowell.edu. Retrieved December 3, 2011. Each component helps to educate, protect and enforce the imperatives to intelligently reduce detrimental light pollution.The city's designation as an International Dark Sky City was on October 24, 2001, by the International Dark-Sky Association, after a proposal by the city's own Dark Sky Coalition to start the preserve program. It is seen as a world precedent in dark sky preservation.WEB,weblink International Dark Sky City – Flagstaff Dark Skies Coalition, en, January 16, 2019, Before this, it had been nicknamed the "Skylight City" back in the 1890s, the same decade that the Lowell Observatory opened. In 1958, it passed Ordinance 400, which outlawed using large or powerful searchlights within city limits. In the 1980s a series of measures were introduced for the city and Coconino County, and the Dark Sky Coalition was founded in 1999 by Chris Luginbuhl and Lance Diskan. Luginbuhl is a former U.S. Naval astronomer,WEB,weblink Satellite images show Flagstaff’s dark-sky success, National Park Service says, azcentral, en, January 16, 2019, and Diskan had originally moved to Flagstaff from Los Angeles so that his children could grow up able to see stars, saying that "part of being human is looking up at the stars and being awestruck."WEB,weblink Flagstaff: The World’s First Dark Sky City, October 2, 2011, Dark Sky Diary, en, January 16, 2019, It was reported in an award-winning article that even though greater restrictions on types of public lighting were introduced in 1989,WEB,weblink Dark Skies, Flagstaff, Arizona CVB, en-US, January 16, 2019, requiring them all to be low-emission, some public buildings like gas stations hadn't updated by 2002, after the Dark Sky designation.WEB,weblink Flagstaff's Battle for Dark Skies, Griffith Observer, January 16, 2019, Flagstaff and the surrounding area is split into four zones, each permitted different levels of light emissions. The highest restrictions are in south and west Flagstaff (near NAU and its observatory), and at the Naval, Braeside, and Lowell Observatories. Photographs detecting emissions taken in 2017 show that Flagstaff's light is 14 times less than another Western city of comparable size, Cheyenne, Wyoming, which Luginbuhl described as "even better than [they] might have expected".

Government

{{update section|date=June 2019}}(File:Flagstaff city hall.jpg|right|thumb|Flagstaff City Hall, bounded by Route 66, Humphreys Street, Aspen Avenue and Sitgreaves Avenue)Flagstaff is the county seat of Coconino County.The city government is organized under a council-manager form of government."Council-Manager Charter for the City of Flagstaff, Arizona." City Government Website. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. The mayor of Flagstaff is Coral Evans, who was elected in November 2016, and the town council consists of the mayor and six councilmembers: Adam Shimoni (vice mayor), Regina Salas, Jim McCarthy, Jamie Whelan, Charlie Odegaard, and Austin Aslan.WEB,weblink Mayor & Council {{!, City of Flagstaff Official Website|website=www.flagstaff.az.gov|access-date=2019-06-21}} On July 2, 2019, the city council named Greg Clifton as city manager out of 50 candidates weblink. Retrieved on July 5, 2019. Regular meetings of the city council are held on the first and third Tuesday of every month."City Council Meetings." City Government Website. Retrieved on July 18, 2007.At the state level, Flagstaff is in the 6th legislative district. In the Arizona State Senate, the 6th is represented by Sylvia Allen (R) of Snowflake, AZ. In the House of Representatives, the 6th is represented by Bob Thorpe (R) of Flagstaff, AZ and Walter Blackman (R) of Snowflake, AZ.At the federal level, Flagstaff is within Arizona's 1st congressional district, which is the tenth largest congressional district, covering nearly 60,000 sq. miles. The district is represented by Tom O'Halleran (D) of Sedona, AZ.

Education

There are 19 public schools, with 11,500 students and 800 faculty and staff, in the Flagstaff Unified School District. In 1997, Mount Elden Middle School was named an A+ School, citing an outstanding school climate, progressive use of technology and zero-tolerance approach to discipline. The 1999 National Science Teacher of the Year, David Thompson, teaches physics at Coconino High School."District Information {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110619070212weblink |date=June 19, 2011 }}." Flagstaff Unified School District. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. Three Arizona Teachers of the Year from 2001 through 2003 teach at Flagstaff High School."Past Teachers of the Year and Ambassadors {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070528015533weblink |date=May 28, 2007 }} ." Arizona Education Foundation. Retrieved on April 11, 2007.In addition to the numerous public schools, there are several charter schools operating in the Flagstaff area including Flagstaff Junior Academy, Northland Preparatory Academy (ranked No. 52 in USA News's America's Top 100 Best High Schools), the Flagstaff Arts and Leadership Academy, Pine Forest Charter School, BASIS Flagstaff (ranked No. 2 in The Washington Post's America's Most Challenging High schools) and the Montessori Schools of Flagstaff.Flagstaff is home to two institutions of higher education, Northern Arizona University (one of the three public state universities in Arizona) and Coconino Community College.

Infrastructure

File:Flagstaff train station.jpg|thumb|right|Former Santa Fe depot, now Amtrak station, on Route 66 near downtown]]

Transportation

(File:Downtown Flagstaff (7177849494).jpg|thumb|Intersection of Route 66 and San Francisco Street)(File:AT&SF 2772 in Flagstaff, AZ in November 1985 (28903617965).jpg|thumb|Train coming through Flagstaff in November 1985)Flagstaff is at the northern terminus of Interstate 17, which runs {{convert|145|mi|km}} south to Phoenix. Interstate 40 runs east–west through the city, traveling to Barstow, California in the west and Albuquerque, New Mexico (and beyond) in the east. Historic Route 66 also runs east–west through the city, roughly parallel to I-40, and is a major thoroughfare for local traffic. Butler Avenue connects I-40 with downtown Flagstaff, and the major north–south thoroughfare through town is Milton Road. State Route 89A travels through the city (concurrently as parts of Milton Rd. and Route 66), going south through Oak Creek Canyon to Sedona.The major rail corridor running through Flagstaff is the Southern Transcon, originally built by the Santa Fe Railway and now owned and operated by the BNSF Railway. Passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak at the downtown station, connecting on east–west routes to Los Angeles and Albuquerque via the Southwest Chief line."Flagstaff, AZ (FLG) {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150713101137weblink |date=July 13, 2015 }}." Amtrak. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. Amtrak also provides connecting Thruway Motorcoach service via Open Road Tours, which has an office inside the Flagstaff depot."Flagstaff – Greyhound Station, AZ (FGG) {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151016094523weblink |date=October 16, 2015 }}." Amtrak. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. Local bus service is provided throughout the city by the Mountain Line.Air travel is available through Flagstaff Pulliam Airport {{Airport codes|FLG|KFLG|FLG}}, just south of the city. The airport is primarily a small, general aviation airport with a single {{convert|6999|ft|m}} runway. The airport finished a major expansion project to add {{convert|1800|ft|m}} to the north end of the runway and lengthen the taxiway in 2007. The primary purpose of the project was to increase its viability for commercial and regional jets. Service to connecting flights at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport {{Airport codes|PHX|KPHX|PHX}} is provided by American Airlines operated by Mesa Airlines."Flagstaff Pulliam Airport {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070405195225weblink |date=April 5, 2007 }} ." City Government Website. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. As of April 2, 2019 the airport offers direct flights to Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Denver International Airport, and Dallas-Forth Worth International Airport.WEB,weblink Flagstaff Airport {{!, City of Flagstaff Official Website|website=www.flagstaff.az.gov|access-date=2019-06-06}}Flagstaff is fairly bike-friendly; there are bike lanes on many major streets,WEB,weblink City of Flagstaff Official Website â€“ Bicycle Program, Flagstaff.az.gov, December 26, 2011, and the Flagstaff Urban Trails System (FUTS) includes more than 50 miles of off-street trails that wind throughout the community.WEB,weblink City of Flagstaff Official Website â€“ Flagstaff Urban Trails System (FUTS), Flagstaff.az.gov, July 31, 2011, December 26, 2011, In 2006 Flagstaff was designated a Bicycle-Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists.WEB,weblink League of American Bicyclists * Bicycle Friendly Community Campaign, Bikeleague.org, December 26, 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111016193644weblink">weblink October 16, 2011, About nine percent of trips in Flagstaff are made by bicycle.

Utilities

Electricity generation in Flagstaff is provided by Arizona Public Service, an electric utility subsidiary operated by parent company Pinnacle West. The primary generating station near Flagstaff is the coal-fired, 995-MW Cholla Power Plant, near Holbrook, Arizona, which uses coal from the McKinley Mine in New Mexico. Near Page, Arizona is the coal-fired, 750-MW Navajo Power Plant, supplied by an electric railroad that delivers coal from a mine on the Navajo and Hopi reservations in northern Arizona."About APS: Power Plants {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070607174154weblink |date=June 7, 2007 }}." Arizona Public Service. Retrieved on July 18, 2007. Flagstaff is also home to Arizona's first commercial solar power generating station, which was built in 1997 and provides 87 kW of electricity. Combined with 16 other solar power locations in Arizona, the system provides over 5 MW of electricity statewide."About APS: APS Solar Power Plants {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070717134226weblink |date=July 17, 2007 }}." Arizona Public Service. Retrieved on July 18, 2007.Drinking water in Flagstaff is produced from conventional surface water treatment at the Lake Mary Water Treatment Plant, on Upper Lake Mary, as well as from springs at the inner basin of the San Francisco Peaks. Groundwater from several water wells throughout the city and surrounding area provide additional sources of drinking water."Drinking Water {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070803085022weblink |date=August 3, 2007 }}." City of Flagstaff. Retrieved on July 18, 2007. Water and wastewater services are provided by the City of Flagstaff.Natural gas is provided by UniSource Energy Services. CenturyLink QC is the incumbent local exchange carrier.Arizona Corporation Commission Cable television service is offered by Suddenlink Communications.WEB, Suddenlink buying NPG Cable for $350 million : Business, stltoday.com, May 25, 2015,weblink

Health care

The city's primary hospital is the 267-bed Flagstaff Medical Center, on the north side of downtown Flagstaff. The hospital was founded in 1936, and serves as the major regional trauma center for northern Arizona.

Media and popular culture

{{more citations needed|date=September 2016}}{{split section|date=September 2018}}(File:US 66 Arizona 1926.svg|thumb|right|The Route 66 sign until the 1940s){{See also|List of radio stations in Arizona by market area}}The major daily newspaper in Flagstaff is the Arizona Daily Sun. Northern Arizona University's weekly newspaper The Lumberjack also covers Flagstaff news, while the other publications that serve the city include weeklies Flagstaff Live and the Navajo Hopi Observer, and monthlies Mountain Living Magazine and The Noise.Several radio stations operate in the area, some of which operate transmitters in Prescott as well.Flagstaff is included in the Phoenix Designated market area (DMA), the 13th largest in the U.S.Holmes, Gary. "Nielsen Reports 1.1% increase in U.S. Television Households for the 2006–2007 Season {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090705100549weblink |date=July 5, 2009 }}." Nielsen Media Research. August 23, 2006. Retrieved on April 11, 2007. Over-the-air television service is provided mostly by low-powered repeaters of the Phoenix stations.Faber, Daniel M. "Television and FM Translators: A History of Their Use and Regulation." 1993. danielfaber.com. Retrieved on April 11, 2007 There is one local broadcast television station serving the city, KFPH-13 (TeleFutura).In the early 20th century, the city was considered as a site for the film The Squaw Man by Jesse Lasky and Cecil B. DeMille, but was abandoned in favor of Hollywood.BOOK, Mangum, Richard & Sherry, Flagstaff Past & Present, Northland Publishing, 2003, 0-87358-847-9, 60–61, Scenes from the 1969 film Easy Rider were filmed on Milton Road and Route 66 as well as near Sunset crater. In 1983 a moment in the film National Lampoon's Vacation was filmed at a truck stop gas station near Little America Hotel. Several recent movies have been filmed, at least in part, in Flagstaff. A small scene in Midnight Run was filmed in Flagstaff at the train depot, the city was also referenced in the film. Several of the running scenes in Forrest Gump were filmed in and around the area, including a memorable scene in which Forrest is seen jogging in downtown Flagstaff and gives inspiration to a bumper sticker designer ("Shit happens"). Parts of 2007 Academy Award winner Little Miss Sunshine were filmed at the junction of I-40 and I-17 in Flagstaff, and Terminal Velocity was partially filmed in the city.Moody, Annemarie. "Arizona in autofocus: Movies put state on road map." Arizona Republic. November 7, 2006. Retrieved on February 27, 2007.During the 1940s and 1950s, over 100 western movies were filmed in nearby Sedona and Oak Creek Canyon. The Hotel Monte Vista in Flagstaff hosted many film stars during this era, including Jane Russell, Gary Cooper, Spencer Tracy, John Wayne, and Bing Crosby. A scene from the movie Casablanca was filmed in one of the rooms of the hotel."Legends of the High Desert: Haunted Monte Vista Hotel in Flagstaff." Legends of America. May 2005. Retrieved on February 27, 2007.In 2005, (Extreme Makeover: Home Edition) built a home just outside Flagstaff for slain soldier Lori Piestewa's two children and parents. Grizzly Peak Films also filmed Sasquatch Mountain, a feature-length film for the Science Fiction Channel about a Yeti, in Flagstaff and nearby Williams.Staff Writer. "Flagstaff economy held steady in 2005." Arizona Republic. December 28, 2005. Retrieved on February 22, 2007. In December 2007, talk show hostess Ellen DeGeneres selected Flagstaff as the winner of her show's "Wish You Were Here" contest.Parra, Jerome. "Ellen DeGeneres coming to Flagstaff." Arizona Republic. December 3, 2007. Retrieved on December 12, 2007.

Notable people

Sister cities

Flagstaff has five sister cities:Sister cities in Arizona {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100329032953weblink |date=March 29, 2010 }}{|

See also

Notes

{{notelist}}

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Sister project links|Flagstaff, Arizona|c=Category:Flagstaff, Arizona|voy=Flagstaff}} {{Coconino County, Arizona}}{{Arizona county seats}}{{Good article}}{{Authority control}}

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