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Felidae
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{{short description|Family of mammals}}{{About|the biological family|other uses}}{{redirect|Felid|the village in Iran|Felid, Iran}}{{automatic taxobox! Genus !! Species !! IUCN Red List status and distribution style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;" style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;"| style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;" style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;"| style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;"| style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;"| style="vertical-align: top; background:#eeccFF;"|
pages=532–548heading=Felidae}}|taxon = FelidaeGotthelf Fischer von Waldheim>Fischer von Waldheim, 1817Oligocene–Holocene>Present, {{Fossil range0}}|image = The_Felidae.jpg|image_upright = 1.3|image_caption = Clockwise from top left: tiger (Panthera tigris), Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis), fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), European wildcat (Felis silvestris), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), Asian golden cat (Catopuma temminckii), serval (Leptailurus serval) and cougar (Puma concolor).|type_genus = FelisCarl Linnaeus>Linnaeus, 1758|subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies|subdivision =
  • Felinae
  • Pantherinae
  • †Machairodontinae
  • †ProailurinaeBOOK, McKenna, M. C., Bell, S. K., Classification of Mammals, 2000, Columbia University Press, 978-0-231-11013-6, 230, Family Felidae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817:372. Cats,weblink |range_map = Felidae_range.png|range_map_caption = Felidae ranges
}}Felidae is a family of mammals in the order Carnivora, colloquially referred to as cats, and constitutes a clade. A member of this family is also called a felid.JOURNAL, Salles, L. O., 1992, Felid phylogenetics: extant taxa and skull morphology (Felidae, Aeluroidea), American Museum Novitates, 3047,weblinkv2/dspace/ingest/pdfSource/nov/N3047.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y, JOURNAL, Hemmer, H., 1978, Evolutionary systematics of living Felidae – present status and current problems, Carnivore, 1, 71–79, JOURNAL, Johnson, W. E., Dratch, P. A., Martenson, J. S., O'Brien, S. J., 1996, Resolution of recent radiations within three evolutionary lineages of Felidae using mitochondrial restriction fragment length polymorphism variation, Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 3, 2, 97–120, 10.1007/bf01454358, JOURNAL, Christiansen, P., 2008, Evolution of skull and mandible shape in cats (Carnivora: Felidae), PLOS ONE, 3, 7, e2807, 10.1371/journal.pone.0002807, 18665225, 2475670, 2008PLoSO...3.2807C, The term "cat" refers both to felids in general and specifically to the domestic cat (Felis catus).BOOK, Werdelin, L., Yamaguchi, N., Johnson, W. E., O'Brien, S. J., Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae), 2010, 59–82, https:www.researchgate.net/publication/266755142, Macdonald, D. W., Loveridge, A. J., Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 978-0-19-923445-5, The Felidae species exhibit the most diverse fur pattern of all terrestrial carnivores.JOURNAL, Peters, G., 1982, Zur Fellfarbe und zeichnung einiger Feliden, Bonner Zoologische Beiträge, 33, 1, 19−31, Cats have retractile claws, slender muscular bodies and strong flexible forelimbs. Their teeth and facial muscles allow for a powerful bite. They are all obligate carnivores, and most are solitary predators ambushing or stalking their prey. Wild cats occur in Africa, Europe, Asia and the Americas. Some wild cat species are adapted to forest habitats, some to arid environments, and a few also to wetlands and mountainous terrain. Their activity patterns range from nocturnal and crepuscular to diurnal, depending on their preferred prey species.Reginald Innes Pocock divided the extant Felidae into three subfamilies: the Pantherinae, the Felinae and the Acinonychinae, differing from each other by the ossification of the hyoid apparatus and by the cutaneous sheaths which protect their claws.JOURNAL, Pocock, R. I., 1917, The classification of the existing Felidae, Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 8, XX, 119, 329–350,weblink 10.1080/00222931709487018, This concept has been revised following developments in molecular biology and techniques for analysis of morphological data. Today, the living Felidae are divided in two subfamilies: the Pantherinae and Felinae, with the Acinonychinae subsumed into the latter. Pantherinae includes five Panthera and two Neofelis species, while Felinae includes the other 34 species in ten genera.JOURNAL, Kitchener, A. C., Breitenmoser-Würsten, C., Eizirik, E., Gentry, A., Werdelin, L., Wilting, A., Yamaguchi, N., Abramov, A. V., Christiansen, P., Driscoll, C., Duckworth, J. W., Johnson, W., Luo, S.-J., Meijaard, E., O’Donoghue, P., Sanderson, J., Seymour, K., Bruford, M., Groves, C., Hoffmann, M., Nowell, K., Timmons, Z., Tobe, S., 2017, A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group, Cat News, Special Issue 11,weblink The first cats emerged during the Oligocene about 25 million years ago, with the appearance of Proailurus and Pseudaelurus. The latter species complex was ancestral to two main lines of felids: the cats in the extant subfamilies and a group of extinct cats of the subfamily Machairodontinae, which include the saber-toothed cats such as the Smilodon. The "false sabre toothed cats", the Barbourofelidae and Nimravidae, are not true cats, but are closely related. Together with the Felidae, Viverridae, hyaenas and mongooses, they constitute the Feliformia.

Characteristics

File:Panthera_leo_Kruger_Skull.jpg|thumb|Skull of a lion from Kruger National ParkKruger National Park(File:Purring_and_meowing.ogg|right|thumb|Domestic cat purring and meowing)All members of the cat family have the following characteristics in common:
  • They are digitigrade, have five toes on their forefeet and four on their hind feet. Their curved claws are protractile and attached to the terminal bones of the toe with ligaments and tendons. The claws are guarded by cutaneous sheaths, except in the Acinonyx.JOURNAL, Pocock, R. I., 1917, VII.—On the external characters of the Felidæ, The Annals and Magazine of Natural History; Zoology, Botany, and Geology, 8, 19, 109, 113−136,weblink 10.1080/00222931709486916,
  • They actively protract the claws by contracting muscles in the toe, and they passively retract them. The dewclaws are expanded but do not protract.BOOK, Kitchener, A. C., Van Valkenburgh, B., Yamaguchi, N., 2010,weblink Felid form and function, Biology and Conservation of wild felids, D., Macdonald, Loveridge, A., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 83−106,
  • They have 30 teeth with a dental formula of {{DentalFormula|upper=3.1.3.1|lower=3.1.2.1}}. The upper third premolar and lower molar are adapted as carnassial teeth, suited to tearing and cutting flesh.BOOK, Pocock, R. I., 1939, Felidae, The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. – Volume 1, Taylor and Francis, London, 191–330,weblink The canine teeth are large, reaching exceptional size in the extinct saber-toothed species. The lower carnassial is smaller than the upper carnassial and has a crown with two compressed blade-like pointed cusps.BOOK, Sunquist, M., Sunquist, F., 2002, Wild Cats of the World, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 978-0-226-77999-7, What is a Cat?, 5–18,weblink
  • Their nose projects slightly beyond the lower jaw.
  • They have well developed and highly sensitive whiskers above the eyes, on the cheeks, on the muzzle, but not below the chin. Whiskers help to navigate in the dark and to capture and hold prey.
  • Their skull is foreshortened with a rounded profile and large orbits.
  • Their tongue is covered with horny papillae, which rasp meat from prey and aid in grooming.
  • Their eyes are relatively large, situated to provide binocular vision. Their night vision is especially good due to the presence of a tapetum lucidum, which reflects light back inside the eyeball, and gives felid eyes their distinctive shine. As a result, the eyes of felids are about six times more light sensitive than those of humans, and many species are at least partially nocturnal. The retina of felids also contains a relatively high proportion of rod cells, adapted for distinguishing moving objects in conditions of dim light, which are complemented by the presence of cone cells for sensing colour during the day.
  • Their external ears are large, and especially sensitive to high-frequency sounds in the smaller cat species. This sensitivity allows them to locate small rodent prey.
  • They have lithe and flexible bodies with muscular limbs.
  • The (wikt:plantarAdjective|plantar) pads of both fore and hind feet form compact three-lobed cushions.
  • The penis is subconical and boneless. Relative to body size, they have shorter bacula than canids.BOOK, Ewer, R. F., 1973, The Carnivores,weblink 27 January 2013, Cornell University Press, 978-0-8014-8493-3,
  • They cannot detect the sweetness of sugar, as they lack the sweet-taste receptor.JOURNAL, Li, X., Li, W., Wang, H., Cao, J., Maehashi, K., Huang, L., Bachmanov, A. A., Reed, D. R., Legrand-Defretin, V., Beauchamp, G. K., Brand, J. G., yes, 2005, Pseudogenization of a Sweet-Receptor Gene Accounts for Cats' Indifference toward Sugar, PLOS Genetics, 1, 1, 27–35, 10.1371/journal.pgen.0010003, 16103917, 1183522,
  • Felids have a vomeronasal organ in the roof of the mouth, allowing them to "taste" the air.JOURNAL, Salazar, I., Quinteiro, P., Cifuentes, J. M., Caballero, T. G., 1996, The vomeronasal organ of the cat, Journal of Anatomy, 188, 2, 445–454, 1167581, 8621344, The use of this organ is associated with the Flehmen response.JOURNAL, Hart, B. L., Leedy, M. G., 1987, Stimulus and hormonal determinants of flehmen behavior in cats, Hormones and Behavior, 21, 1, 44−52,weblink 10.1016/0018-506X(87)90029-8,
  • The standard sounds made by all felids include meowing, spitting, hissing, snarling and growling. Meowing is the main contact sound, whereas the others signify an aggressive motivation.
  • They can purr during both phases of respiration, though pantherine cats seem to purr only during oestrus and copulation, and as cubs when suckling. Purring is generally a low pitch sound of less than 2 kHz and mixed with other vocalization types during the expiratory phase.JOURNAL, Peters, G., 2002, Purring and similar vocalizations in mammals, Mammal Review, 32, 4, 245−271, 10.1046/j.1365-2907.2002.00113.x,
The colour, length and density of their fur is very diverse. Fur colour covers the gamut from white to black, and fur pattern from distinctive small spots, stripes to small blotches and rosettes. Most cat species are born with a spotted fur, except the jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi), Asian golden cat (Catopuma temminckii) and caracal (Caracal caracal). The spotted fur of lion (Panthera leo) and cougar (Puma concolor) cubs change to a uniform fur during their ontogeny. Those living in cold environments have thick fur with long hair, like the snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and the Pallas's cat (Otocolobus manul). Those living in tropical and hot climate zones have short fur. Several species exhibit melanism with all-black individuals.In the great majority of cat species, the tail is between a third and a half of the body length, although with some exceptions, like the Lynx species and margay. Cat species vary greatly in body and skull sizes, and weights:
  • The largest cat species is the tiger (Panthera tigris), with a head-to-body length of up to {{convert|390|cm|in|abbr=on}}, a weight range of at least {{convert|65|to|325|kg|lb|abbr=on}}, and a skull length ranging from {{convert|316|to|413|mm|in|abbr=on}}.BOOK, Hewett, J. P., Hewett Atkinson, L., Jungle trails in northern India: reminiscences of hunting in India, Metheun and Company Limited, London,weblink 1938, no,weblink 2017-01-18, Although the maximum skull length of a lion is slightly greater at {{convert|419|mm|in|abbr=on}}, it is generally smaller in head-to-body length than the former.BOOK, Heptner, V. G., Sludskij, A. A., 1972, 1992, Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moskva: VysÅ¡aia Å kola, Mammals of the Soviet Union. Volume II, Part 2. Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats), Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington DC, Tiger,weblink 95–202,
  • The smallest cat species are the rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) and the black-footed cat (Felis nigripes). The former is {{convert|35|-|48|cm|in|abbr=on}} in length and weighs {{convert|0.9|-|1.6|kg|lb|abbr=on}}. The latter has a head-to-body length of {{convert|36.7|-|43.3|cm|in|abbr=on}} and a maximum recorded weight of {{convert|2.45|kg|lb|abbr=on}}.BOOK, Mills, M. G. L., 2005, The mammals of the southern African subregion, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 9780521844185, Skinner, J. D., Chimimba, C. T., Third, Felis nigripes Burchell, 1824 Black-footed cat, 405−408,weblink JOURNAL, Sliwa, A., 2004, Home range size and social organization of black-footed cats (Felis nigripes), Mammalian Biology, 69, 2, 96–107, 10.1078/1616-5047-00124,
Most cat species have a haploid number of 18 or 19. Central and South American cats have a haploid number of 18, possibly due to the combination of two smaller chromosomes into a larger one.BOOK, Vella, C., Shelton, L. M., McGonagle, J. J., Stanglein, T. W., yes, Robinson's Genetics for Cat Breeders and Veterinarians, Forth, Butterworh-Heinemann Ltd., 2002, Oxford, 978-0-7506-4069-5,

Evolution

(File:Feliform Timeline.svg|thumb|Feliform evolutionary timeline){{multiple image |perrow=1 |image1=Megantereon model.jpg |caption1=Megantereon model at Natural History Museum of Basel |image2=Smilodon fatalis.jpg |caption2=Model of Smilodon fatalis |image3=Panthera leo atrox Sergiodlarosa.jpg |caption3=Graphical reconstruction of an American lion (Panthera atrox)}}The Felidae family is part of the Feliformia, a suborder that diverged probably between 50.6 and 35 million years ago into several families.JOURNAL, Eizirik, E., Murphy, W. J., Köpfli, K. P., Johnson, W. E., Dragoo, J. W., O'Brien, S. J., 2010, Pattern and timing of the diversification of the mammalian order Carnivora inferred from multiple nuclear gene sequences, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56, 1, 49–63, 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.01.033, 20138220, The Felidae and the Asiatic linsangs are considered a sister group, which split between 35.2 to 31.9 million years ago.JOURNAL, Gaubert, P., Veron, G., 2003, Exhaustive sample set among Viverridae reveals the sister-group of felids: the linsangs as a case of extreme morphological convergence within Feliformia, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 270, 1532, 2523–2530, 10.1098/rspb.2003.2521, 14667345, 1691530, The earliest cats probably appeared between 35 and 28.5 million years ago. Proailurus is the oldest known cat that occurred after the Eocene–Oligocene extinction event about 33.9 million years ago; fossil remains were excavated in France and Mongolia's Hsanda Gol Formation. Fossil occurrences indicate that the Felidae arrived in North America earliest 25 million years ago. This is about 20 million years later than the Ursidae and the Nimravidae, and about 10 million years later than the Canidae.JOURNAL, Silvestro, D., Antonelli, A., Salamin, N., Quental, T. B., 2015, The role of clade competition in the diversification of North American canids, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112, 28, 8684−8689, 10.1073/pnas.1502803112, 26124128, 4507235, 2015PNAS..112.8684S, In the Early Miocene between 20 and 16.6 million years ago, Pseudaelurus lived in Africa. Its fossil jaws were also excavated in geological formations of Europe's Vallesian, Asia's Middle Miocene and North America's late Hemingfordian to late Barstovian epochs.JOURNAL, Rothwell, T., 2003, Phylogenetic systematics of North American Pseudaelurus (Carnivora: Felidae), American Museum Novitates, 3403, 3403, 1−64,weblink 10.1206/0003-0082(2003)4032.0.CO;2, 2246/2829, In the Early or Middle Miocene, the sabre-toothed Machairodontinae evolved in Africa and migrated northwards in the Late Miocene.JOURNAL, van den Hoek Ostende, L. W., Morlo, M., Nagel, D., Majestic killers: the sabre-toothed cats, Geology Today, Fossils explained 52, 22, 4, 2006, 150–157,weblink 2008-06-30, 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2006.00572.x, With their large upper canines, they were adapted to prey on large-bodied megaherbivores.JOURNAL, Randau, M., Carbone, C., Turvey, S. T., 2013, Canine evolution in sabretoothed carnivores: natural selection or sexual selection?, PLOS ONE, 8, 8, e72868, 10.1371/journal.pone.0072868, 23951334, 3738559, 2013PLoSO...872868R, JOURNAL, Piras, P., Silvestro, D., Carotenuto, F., Castiglione, S., Kotsakis, A., Maiorino, L., Melchionna, M., Mondanaro, A., Sansalone, G., erio, C., Vero, V. A., 2018, Evolution of the sabertooth mandible: A deadly ecomorphological specialization, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 496, 166−174, 10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.01.034, 2018PPP...496..166P, Miomachairodus is the oldest known member of this subfamily. Metailurus lived in Africa and Eurasia between 8 and 6 million years ago. Several Paramachaerodus skeletons were found in Spain. Homotherium appeared in Africa, Eurasia and North America around 3.5 million years ago, and Megantereon about 3 million years ago. Smilodon lived in North and South America from about 2.5 million years ago. This subfamily became extinct in the Late Pleistocene.Results of mitochondrial analysis indicate that the living Felidae species descended from a common ancestor, which originated in Asia in the Late Miocene epoch. They migrated to Africa, Europe and the Americas in the course of at least 10 migration waves during the past ~11 million years. Low sea levels, interglacial and glacial periods facilitated these migrations.JOURNAL, Johnson, W. E., Eizirik, E., Pecon-Slattery, J., Murphy, W. J., Antunes, A., Teeling, E., O'Brien, S. J., The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment, Science, 311, 5757, 73–77, 2006, 16400146, 10.1126/science.1122277, 2006Sci...311...73J,weblink Panthera blytheae is the oldest known pantherine cat dated to the late Messinian to early Zanclean ages about 4.1–5.95 million years ago. A fossil skull was excavated in 2010 in Zanda County on the Tibetan Plateau.JOURNAL, Tseng, Z. J., Wang, X., Slater, G. J., Takeuchi, G. T., Li, Q., Liu, J., Xie, G., 2014, Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281, 1774, 20132686, 10.1098/rspb.2013.2686, 3843846, 24225466,weblink Panthera palaeosinensis from North China probably dates to the Late Miocene or Early Pliocene. The skull of the holotype is similar to that of a lion or leopard.JOURNAL, Mazak, J. H., 2010, What is Panthera palaeosinensis?, Mammal Review, 40, 1, 90−102, 10.1111/j.1365-2907.2009.00151.x, Panthera zdanskyi dates to the Gelasian about 2.55–2.16 million years ago. Several fossil skulls and jawbones were excavated in northwestern China.JOURNAL, Mazák, J. H., Christiansen, P., Kitchener, A. C., 2011, Oldest Known Pantherine Skull and Evolution of the Tiger, PLOS ONE, 6, 10, e25483, 10.1371/journal.pone.0025483, 22016768, 3189913, 2011PLoSO...625483M, Panthera gombaszoegensis is the earliest known pantherine cat that lived in Europe between 1.95 and 1.77 million years ago.JOURNAL, Argant, A., Argant, J., 2011, The Panthera gombaszogensis story: The contribution of the Château Breccia (Saône-Et-Loire, Burgundy, France), Quaternaire, Hors-série, 4, 247–269, Living felids fall into eight evolutionary lineages or species clades.JOURNAL, 9071018, 1997, Johnson, W. E., O'Brien, S. J., Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes, 44, Supplement 1, S98–S116, Journal of Molecular Evolution, 10.1007/PL00000060, 1997JMolE..44S..98J,weblink JOURNAL, O'Brien, S. J., Johnson, W. E., Big cat genomics, Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics, 6, 407–429, 2005, 16124868, 10.1146/annurev.genom.6.080604.162151,weblink Genotyping of nuclear DNA of all 41 felid species revealed that hybridization between species occurred in the course of evolution within the majority of the eight lineages.JOURNAL, Li, G., Davis, B. W., Eizirik, E. & Murphy, W. J., 2016, Phylogenomic evidence for ancient hybridization in the genomes of living cats (Felidae), Genome Research, 26, 1, 1–11, 10.1101/gr.186668.114, 26518481, 4691742, Modelling of felid coat pattern transformations revealed that nearly all patterns evolved from small spots.JOURNAL, Werdelin, L., Olsson, L., 2008, How the leopard got its spots: a phylogenetic view of the evolution of felid coat patterns, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 62, 3, 383–400, 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1997.tb01632.x,weblink

Classification

Traditionally, five subfamilies have been distinguished within the Felidae based on phenotypical features: the Pantherinae, the Felinae, the Acinonychinae, and the extinct Machairodontinae and Proailurinae.

Living species

The following table shows the living genera within the Felidae, grouped according to the traditional phenotypical classification. Estimated genetic divergence times of the corresponding eight genotypical evolutionary lineages are indicated in million years ago (Mya), based on analysis of autosomal, xDNA, yDNA and mtDNA gene segments; and estimates based on analysis of biparental nuclear genomes.{| class="wikitable"
Subfamily Pantherinae
Neofelis {{small>John Edward Gray, 1867}}GRAY YEAR=1867 NEOFELIS >JOURNAL=PROCEEDINGS OF THE SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON ISSUE= URL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/PROCEEDINGSOFZOO1867ZOOL#PAGE/264/MODE/2UP, {{font color[Lineage 1: 14.45 to 8.38 Mya]}}Clouded leopard (N. nebulosa) {{small>(Edward Griffith (zoologist), 1821)}}GRIFFITH, E. TITLE=GENERAL AND PARTICULAR DESCRIPTIONS OF THE VERTEBRATED ANIMALS ARRANGED COMFORTABLY TO THE MODERN DISCOVERIES AND IMPROVEMENTS IN ZOOLOGY PUBLISHER=BALDWIN, CRADOCK & JOY FELIS NEBULOSA >PAGE=37,weblink diverged {{font color|#880088|9.32 to 4.47 Mya}}(File:Neofelis nebulosa.jpg|frameless)VUTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES AUTHOR2= LYNAM, A. AUTHOR4= DUCKWORTH, J. W. AUTHOR6= WILLCOX, D. AUTHOR8= REZA, A. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES NEOFELIS NEBULOSA >YEAR=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T14519A97215090.EN,weblink (File:Clouded-leopard_distribution.jpg|frameless)
Sunda clouded leopard (N. diardi) {{small>(Georges Cuvier, 1823)}}CUVIER YEAR=1823 TITLE=LES RUMINANS ET LES CARNASSIERS FOSSILES, VOLUME IV PUBLISHER=G. DUFOUR & E. D'OCAGNE, diverged {{font color|#880088|2 to 0.9 Mya}}JOURNAL, Buckley-Beason, V. A., Johnson, W. E., Nash, W. G., Stanyon, R., Menninger, J. C., Driscoll, C. A., Howard, J., Bush, M., Page, J. E., Roelke, M. E., Stone, G., Martelli, P., Wen, C., Ling, L., Duraisingam, R. K., Lam, V. P., O'Brien, S. J., 2006, Molecular Evidence for Species-Level Distinctions in Clouded Leopards, Current Biology, 16, 23, 2371–2376, 10.1016/j.cub.2006.08.066, 17141620, 5618441, (File:Borneo clouded leopard.jpg|frameless)VUTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=HEARN, A. AUTHOR3=BRODIE, J. AUTHOR5=HAIDIR, I. A. AUTHOR7=MATHAI, J. AUTHOR9=MCCARTHY, J. VOLUME=2016 NEOFELIS DIARDI >PAGE=E.T136603A97212874 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/136603/97212874, (File:Sunda-Clouded-leopard_distribution.jpg|frameless)
Panthera {{small>Lorenz Oken, 1816}}OKEN YEAR=1816 LOCATION=JENA PAGE=1052 PANTHERA >CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=S5O5AAAACAAJ&PG=PA1052, {{font color[Lineage 1]}}; 11.75 to 0.97 MyaLeopard (P. pardus) {{smallTITLE=CAROLI LINNæI SYSTEMA NATURæ PER REGNA TRIA NATURæ, SECUNDUM CLASSES, ORDINES, GENERA, SPECIES, CUM CHARACTERIBUS, DIFFERENTIIS, SYNONYMIS, LOCIS EDITION=DECIMA, REFORMATA PUBLISHER=LAURENTIUS SALVIUS CHAPTER=FELIS PARDUS,weblink diverged {{font color|#880088|4.63 to 1.81 Mya}}(File:Namibie Etosha Leopard 01edit.jpg|frameless)VUAUTHOR3=GERNGROSS, P. AUTHOR5=HENSCHEL, P. AUTHOR7=MIQUELLE, D. AUTHOR9=KAMLER, J. F. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES PANTHERA PARDUS >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES PAGE=15954/102421779 IUCN >DATE=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15954A50659089.EN, (File:Leopard distribution.jpg|frameless)
Tiger (P. tigris) {{small>(Carl Linnaeus, 1758)}}LINNAEUS, C. TITLE=CAROLI LINNæI SYSTEMA NATURæ PER REGNA TRIA NATURæ, SECUNDUM CLASSES, ORDINES, GENERA, SPECIES, CUM CHARACTERIBUS, DIFFERENTIIS, SYNONYMIS, LOCIS EDITION=DECIMA, REFORMATA PUBLISHER=LAURENTIUS SALVIUS CHAPTER=FELIS TIGRIS,weblink diverged {{font color|#880088|4.62 to 1.82 Mya}}(File:Panthera tigris tigris.jpg|frameless)Endangered species>{{IUCN status15955}}GOODRICH, J. >AUTHOR2=LYNAM, A. AUTHOR4=WIBISONO, H. AUTHOR6=PATTANAVIBOOL, A. AUTHOR8=TEMPA, T. AUTHOR10=JHALA, Y. TITLE=PANTHERA TIGRIS THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >VOLUME=2015 PUBLISHER=IUCN URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15955/50659951 ACCESS-DATE=23 OCTOBER 2018, (File:Tiger map.jpg|frameless)
Snow leopard (P. uncia) {{small>(Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, 1775)}}SCHREBER CHAPTER=DIE UNZE DATE=1777 LOCATION=ERLANGEN CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/SAYUGTHIEREABBIIIISCHR#PAGE/386/MODE/2UP, diverged {{font color|#880088|4.62 to 1.82 Mya}}(File:Schneeleoparden Kailash und Dshamilja frontal.jpg|frameless){{IUCN status22732}}MCCARTHY, T. >AUTHOR2=MALLON, D. AUTHOR4=ZAHLER, P. JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES TITLE=PANTHERA UNCIA URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/22732/50664030, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T22732A50664030.en, (File:SnowLeopard distribution.jpg|frameless)
Lion (P. leo) {{small>(Linnaeus, 1758)}}LINNAEUS >FIRST= C. TITLE=CAROLI LINNæI SYSTEMA NATURæ PER REGNA TRIA NATURæ, SECUNDUM CLASSES, ORDINES, GENERA, SPECIES, CUM CHARACTERIBUS, DIFFERENTIIS, SYNONYMIS, LOCIS EDITION=DECIMA, REFORMATA PUBLISHER=LAURENTIUS SALVIUS CHAPTER=FELIS LEO,weblink diverged {{font color|#880088|3.46 to 1.22 Mya}}(File:Lionss_of_king.jpg|frameless)Vulnerable species>{{IUCN status15951}}THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PUBLISHER=IUCN AUTHOR2=PACKER, C. AUTHOR4=HENSCHEL, P. YEAR=2016 TITLE=PANTHERA LEO URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15951/115130419, (File:Lion distribution.png|frameless)
Jaguar (P. onca) {{small>(Linnaeus, 1758)}}LINNAEUS, C. >YEAR=1758 VOLUME=TOMUS I LOCATION=HOLMIAE PAGE=42 FELIS ONCA >CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/MOBOT31753000798865#PAGE/41/MODE/2UP, {{la icon}}diverged {{font color|#880088|3.46 to 1.22 Mya}}(File:Standing jaguar.jpg|frameless)Near-threatened species>{{IUCN status15953}}QUIGLEY, H.; FOSTER, R.; PETRACCA, L.; PAYAN, E.; SALOM, R.; HARMSEN, B. >TITLE=PANTHERA ONCA IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PAGE=E.T15953A123791436 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15953/123791436 ACCESSDATE=22 OCTOBER 2018, (File:Panthera onca distribution.svg|frameless)
{| class="wikitable"Subfamily Felinae! Genus !! Species !! IUCN Red List status and distribution style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ddddFF;"Pardofelis {{small>Severtzov, 1858}}{{font color[Lineage 2: 12.77 to 7.36 Mya]}}Marbled cat (P. marmorata) {{small>(William Charles Linnaeus Martin, 1836)}}MARTIN YEAR=1836 FELIS >JOURNAL=PROCEEDINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON ISSUE=XLVII URL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/LIETUVOSTSRMOKSL33LIET#PAGE/N664/MODE/1UP, diverged {{font color|blue|8.42 to 4.27 Mya}}(File:Marbled cat borneo.jpg|frameless)NTAUTHOR3=CHEYNE, S. AUTHOR5=HEARN, A. AUTHOR7=LYNAM, A. AUTHOR9=PHAN, C. TITLE=PARDOFELIS MARMORATA THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >VOLUME=2016 PUBLISHER=IUCN URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/16218/97164299 ACCESS-DATE=16 OCTOBER 2018, (File:MarbledCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ddddFF;"Catopuma {{small>Nikolai Severtzov, 1858}}SEVERTZOW YEAR=1858 JOURNAL=REVUE ET MAGASIN DE ZOOLOGIE PURE ET APPLIQUéE PAGES=385–396 blue|[Lineage 2]}}; 8.47 to 0.41 MyaAsian golden cat (C. temminckii) {{small>(Nicholas Aylward Vigors & Thomas Horsfield>Horsfield, 1827)}}VIGORS >FIRST1=N. A. FIRST2=T. TITLE=DESCRIPTIONS OF TWO SPECIES OF THE GENUS FELIS, IN THE COLLECTIONS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY VOLUME=III PAGES=449–451,weblink diverged {{font color|blue|6.42 to 2.96 Mya}}; 4.58 to 0.03 Mya(File:Asian golden cat at Edinburgh Zoo.jpg|frameless)NTTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=MCCARTHY, J. AUTHOR3=DHENDUP, T. AUTHOR5=MUKHERJEE, S. AUTHOR7=RIORDAN, P. AUTHOR9=WILLCOX, D. TITLE=CATOPUMA TEMMINCKII PAGE=E.T4038A97165437 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/4038/97165437 ACCESS-DATE=30 OCTOBER 2018, (File:AsianGoldenCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ddddFF;"|Bay cat (C. badia) {{small>(John Edward Gray, 1874)}}GRAY YEAR=1874 FELIS BADIA) FROM SARAWAK >JOURNAL=PROCEEDINGS OF THE SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON FOR THE YEAR 1874 ISSUE= URL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/PROCEEDINGSOFGEN74ZOOL#PAGE/322/MODE/2UP, diverged {{font color|blue|6.42 to 2.96 Mya}}; 4.58 to 0.03 Mya(File:Bay cat 1 Jim Sanderson-cropped.jpg|frameless)ENTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR1=HEARN, A. AUTHOR3=CHEYNE, S. AUTHOR5=ROSS, J. TITLE=CATOPUMA BADIA DATE=2017 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T4037A50650716.EN,weblink (File:BayCat distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#eeFFFF;"Leptailurus {{small>Severtzov, 1858}}{{font color[Lineage 3: 11.56 to 6.66 Mya]}}Serval (L. serval) {{small>(Schreber, 1775)}}SCHREBER, J. C. D. >YEAR=1778 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/SAYUGTHIEREABBIIIISCHR#PAGE/406/MODE/2UP TITLE=DIE SäUGETHIERE IN ABBILDUNGEN NACH DER NATUR, MIT BESCHREIBUNGEN PUBLISHER=WOLFGANG WALTHER, diverged {{font color|darkcyan|7.91 to 4.14 Mya}}(File:Leptailurus serval -Serengeti National Park, Tanzania-8.jpg|frameless)LCLEPTAILURUS SERVAL >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES PAGE=E.T11638A50654625 IUCN >DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T11638A50654625.EN, 29 October 2018, (File:Serval_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#eeFFFF;"Caracal (genus)>Caracal {{smallYEAR=1843 LOCATION=LONDON CHAPTER=FELIDAE CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/DETAILS/LISTOFSPECIMENSO00BRIT_0/PAGE/150, {{font color[Lineage 3]}}; 11.99 to 3.64 MyaCaracal (C. caracal) {{small>(Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, 1776)}}SCHREBER CHAPTER=DER KARAKAL DATE=1777 LOCATION=ERLANGEN CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/SAYUGTHIEREABBIIIISCHR#PAGE/413/MODE/1UP, diverged {{font color|darkcyan|2.93 to 1.19 Mya}}; 6.25 to 0.07 Mya(File:Caracl (01), Paris, décembre 2013.jpg|frameless)Least-concern spMyaecies>{{IUCN status3847}}THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PUBLISHER=IUCN AUTHOR2=HENSCHEL, P. TITLE=CARACAL CARACAL VOLUME=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T3847A10121895.EN,weblink (File:Caracal_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#eeFFFF;"|African golden cat (C. aurata) {{small>(Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1827)}}TEMMINCK YEAR=1827 LOCATION=PARIS CHAPTER=FéLIS DORé FELIS AURATA CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/DETAILS/MONOGRAPHIEDEMA00TEMM/PAGE/120, diverged {{font color|darkcyan|2.93 to 1.19 Mya}}; 6.25 to 0.07 Mya(File:FelisAurataKeulemans.jpg|frameless)VUAUTHOR3=HUNTER, L. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES CARACAL AURATA >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T18306A50663128.EN, (File:AfricanGoldenCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"Leopardus {{small>Gray, 1842}}GRAY >FIRST1= J. E. TITLE=DESCRIPTIONS OF SOME NEW GENERA AND FIFTY UNRECORDED SPECIES OF MAMMALIA VOLUME=10 PAGES=255−267 DOI= 10.1080/03745484209445232, {{font color[Lineage 4: 10.95 to 6.3 Mya]}}; 5.19 to 0.93 MyaPampas cat (L. colocola) {{small>(Juan Ignacio Molina, 1782)}}MOLINA, G. I. TITLE=SAGGIO SULLA STORIA NATURALE DEL CHILLI PUBLISHER=STAMPERIA DI S. TOMMASO D’AQUINO FELIS GUIGNA >CHAPTERURL=HTTP://BIBDIGITAL.RJB.CSIC.ES/ING/LIBRO.PHP?LIBRO=192&PAGINA=296, 295, diverged {{font color|darkgreen|2.70 to 1.18 Mya}}(File:Leopardus pajeros 20101006.jpg|frameless)NTLEOPARDUS COLOCOLO AUTHOR2=EIZIRIK, E. AUTHOR4=PEREIRA, J. JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES PAGE=E.T15309A97204446 IUCN >DATE=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15309A97204446.EN, 13 January 2018, (File:PampasCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Andean mountain cat (L. jacobitus) {{small>(Emilio Cornalia, 1865)}}CORNALIA YEAR=1865 FELIS JACOBITA (CORN.) >JOURNAL=MEMORIE DELLA SOCIETá ITALIANA DI SCIENZE NATURALI PAGES=3−9,weblink diverged {{font color|darkgreen|2.70 to 1.18 Mya}}(File:Andean cat 1 Jim Sanderson.jpg|frameless)ENLEOPARDUS JACOBITA THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PUBLISHER=IUCN AUTHOR2=LUCHERINI, M. AUTHOR4=LAGOS, N. AUTHOR6=BENNETT, M. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES PAGE=E.T15452A50657407 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15452/50657407 ACCESS-DATE=29 OCTOBER 2018, (File:AndeanCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Ocelot (L. pardalis) {{small>(Linnaeus, 1758)}}LINNAEUS >FIRST1=C. TITLE=SYSTEMA NATURAE PER REGNA TRIA NATURAE: SECUNDUM CLASSES, ORDINES, GENERA, SPECIES, CUM CHARACTERIBUS, DIFFERENTIIS, SYNONYMIS, LOCIS PUBLISHER=LAURENTIUS SALVIUS CHAPTER=FELIS PARDALIS EDITION=TENTH,weblink diverged {{font color|darkgreen|2.41 to 1.01 Mya}}; 4.76 to 0.05 Mya(File:Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)-8.jpg|frameless)LCTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=PAVIOLO, A. AUTHOR3=CASO, A. AUTHOR5=LOPEZ-GONZALEZ, C.A. AUTHOR7=DE ANGELO, C. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES VOLUME=2015 LEOPARDUS PARDALIS>PAGE=E.T11509A97212355 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/11509/97212355, (File:Ocelot_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Margay (L. wiedii) {{small>(Heinrich Rudolf Schinz, 1821)}}SCHINZ YEAR=1821 PUBLISHER=COTTA CHAPTER=WIEDISCHE KATZE FELIS WIEDII CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=D3O-AAAACAAJ&PG=PA235#V=ONEPAGE&Q&F=FALSE, diverged {{font color|darkgreen|2.41 to 1.01 Mya}}; 4.76 to 0.05 Mya(File:Margaykat Leopardus wiedii.jpg|frameless)NTTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=DE OLIVEIRA, T. AUTHOR3=SCHIPPER, J. AUTHOR5=PAYAN, E. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES LEOPARDUS WIEDII >PAGE=E.T11511A50654216 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T11511A50654216.EN, (File:Margay distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Kodkod (L. guigna) {{small>(Molina, 1782)}}diverged {{font color|darkgreen|1.48 to 0.56 Mya}}; 4.64 to 0.04 Mya(File:Leopardus guigna.jpeg|frameless)VU AUTHOR3=BENNETT, M. TITLE=LEOPARDUS GUIGNA THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >VOLUME=2015 PUBLISHER=IUCN URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15311/50657245 ACCESS-DATE=14 JANUARY 2018, (File:Guigna distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Geoffroy's cat (L. geoffroyi) {{small>(d'Orbigny & Paul Gervais, 1844)}}D'ORBIGNY LAST2=GERVAIS DATE=1844 URL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/DETAILS/EXTRAITSDESPROC79184244SOCI/PAGE/40 VOLUME=9, 40−41, diverged {{font color|darkgreen|1.48 to 0.56 Mya}}; 4.64 to 0.04 Mya(File:Salzkatze.jpg|frameless)LCLEOPARDUS GEOFFROYI AUTHOR2=LUCHERINI, M. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >VOLUME=2015 PUBLISHER = IUCN URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15310/50657011 ACCESS-DATE = 14 JANUARY 2018, (File:GeoffroysCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Oncilla (L. tigrinus) {{small>(Schreber, 1775)}}SCHREBER, J. C. D. >YEAR=1778 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/SAYUGTHIEREABBIIIISCHR#PAGE/396/MODE/1UP TITLE=DIE SäUGETHIERE IN ABBILDUNGEN NACH DER NATUR, MIT BESCHREIBUNGEN PUBLISHER=WOLFGANG WALTHER, diverged {{font color|darkgreen|1.48 to 0.56 Mya}}(File:Leopardus tigrinus - Parc des Félins.jpg|frameless)VULEOPARDUS TIGRINUS THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PUBLISHER=IUCN PAGE=E.T54012637A50653881 VOLUME=2016 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/54012637/50653881, (File:Oncilla distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ccFFcc;"|Southern tigrina (L. guttulus) {{small> ((:de:Reinhold HenselYEAR=1872 JOURNAL=PHYSIKALISCHE ABHANDLUNGEN DER KöNIGLICHEN AKADEMIE DER WISSENSCHAFTEN ZU BERLIN ISSUE=1873,weblink diverged {{font color|darkgreen|0.8 to 0.5 Mya}}JOURNAL, Trigo, T. C., Schneider, A., de Oliveira, T. G., Lehugeur, L. M., Silveira, L., Freitas, T. R. O., Eizirik, E., 2013, Molecular Data Reveal Complex Hybridization and a Cryptic Species of Neotropical Wild Cat, Current Biology, 23, 24, 2528–2533, 24291091, 10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.046, VUAUTHOR3=TORTATO, M. AUTHOR5=BIANCHI, R. TITLE=LEOPARDUS GUTTULUS THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >VOLUME=2016 PUBLISHER=IUCN URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/54010476/54010576 ACCESS-DATE=29 OCTOBER 2018, (File:SouthernTigerCat distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#FFFFaa;"Lynx {{small>Robert Kerr (writer), 1792}}KERR TITLE=THE ANIMAL KINGDOM OR ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF THE CELEBRATED SIR CHARLES LINNAEUS. CLASS I. MAMMALIA PUBLISHER=A. STRAHAN & T. CADELL PAGE=157−158 CHAPTER=F. LYNX CANADENSIS, {{font color[Lineage 5: 9.81 to 5.62 Mya]}}; 8.67 to 2.39 MyaBobcat (L. rufus) {{small>(Schreber, 1777)}}SCHREBER, J. C. D. >YEAR=1778 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/SAYUGTHIEREABBIIIISCHR#PAGE/412/MODE/1UP TITLE=DIE SäUGETHIERE IN ABBILDUNGEN NACH DER NATUR, MIT BESCHREIBUNGEN PUBLISHER=WOLFGANG WALTHER, diverged {{font color|darkorange|4.74 to 2.53 Mya}}(File:Bobcat2.jpg|frameless)LCTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=KELLY, M. AUTHOR3=& LOPEZ-GONZALEZ, C. A. VOLUME=2016 LYNX RUFUS >PAGE=E.T12521A50655874 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/12521/50655874, (File:Bobcat distribution2016.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#FFFFaa;"|Canada lynx (L. canadensis) {{small>Kerr, 1792}}diverged {{font color|darkorange|2.6 to 1.06 Mya}}(File:Lynx-canadensis.jpg|frameless)LCTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=VASHON, J. TITLE=LYNX CANADENSIS URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/12518/101138963, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T12518A101138963.en, (File:CanadaLynx distribution2016.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#FFFFaa;"|Eurasian lynx (L. lynx) {{small>(Linnaeus, 1758)}}LINNAEUS, C. >YEAR=1758 VOLUME=TOMUS I LOCATION=HOLMIAE PAGE=43 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/MOBOT31753000798865#PAGE/43/MODE/2UP, diverged {{font color|darkorange|1.98 to 0.7 Mya}}(File:Lynx Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald 01.jpg|frameless)LCAUTHOR3=LANZ, T. AUTHOR5=ANTONEVICH, A. AUTHOR7=AVGAN, B. TITLE=LYNX LYNX THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PUBLISHER=IUCN PAGE=E.T12519A121707666 YEAR=2015, (File:EuropeanLynx_distribution2015.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#FFFFaa;"|Iberian lynx (L. pardinus) {{small>(Coenraad Jacob Temminck, 1827)}}TEMMINCK, C. J. TITLE=MONOGRAPHIES DE MAMMALOGIE, OU DESCRIPTION DE QUELQUES GENRES DE MAMMIFèRES, DONT LES ESPèCES ONT éTé OBSERVéES DANS LES DIFFéRENS MUSéES DE L'EUROPE. VOL. 1 PUBLISHER=C. C. VANDER HOEK PAGES=116−117,weblink diverged {{font color|darkorange|1.98 to 0.7 Mya}}(File:Linces19.jpg|frameless)ENTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >TITLE=LYNX PARDINUS AUTHOR2=CALZADA, J. VOLUME=2015 DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T12520A50655794.EN, 29 October 2018, (File:IberianLynx distribution2015.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdd66;"Acinonyx {{small>Joshua Brookes, 1828}}BROOKES YEAR=1828 LOCATION=LONDON PAGES=16 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/DETAILS/B22475886/PAGE/16, {{font color[Lineage 6: 9.20 to 5.27 Mya]}}Cheetah (A. jubatus) {{small>Schreber, 1775)}}SCHREBER >FIRST1=J. C. D. CHAPTER=DER GEPARD PUBLISHER=WOLFGANG WALTHER PAGES=392−393,weblink diverged {{font color|#dd4400|6.92 to 3.86 Mya}}(File:Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) female 2.jpg|frameless)VUAUTHOR3=IPAVEC, A. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES ACINONYX JUBATUS >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES VOLUME=2015 PUBLISHER=IUCN DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T219A50649567.EN, (File:Cheetah_range.gif|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdd66;"Puma (genus)>Puma {{smallSir William Jardine, 7th Baronet>Jardine 1834}}JARDINE >FIRST1=W. TITLE=NATURALISTS' LIBRARY, MAMMALIA, VOLUME 2 PUBLISHER=LIZARS, STIRLING AND KENNEY CHAPTER=GENUS II. PUMA #dd4400|[Lineage 6]}}Cougar (P. concolor) {{small>Linnaeus, 1771}}LINNAEUS, C. >YEAR=1771 LOCATION=HOLMIAE CHAPTER=FELIS CONCOLOR PAGE=522, diverged {{font color|#dd4400|6.01 to 3.16 Mya}}(File:Mountain Lion in Glacier National Park.jpg|frameless)LCAUTHOR3=KELLY, M. TITLE=PUMA CONCOLOR IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >VOLUME=2015 YEAR=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T18868A50663436.EN ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20190608065852/HTTP://OLDREDLIST.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/DETAILS/18868/0 DEAD-URL=YES, (File:Cougar distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdd66;"Herpailurus {{small>Severtzov, 1858}}{{font color[Lineage 6]}}Jaguarundi (H. yagouaroundi) {{small>(Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803)}}GEOFFROY ST. HILAIRE, É. TITLE=CATALOGUE DES MAMMIFèRES DU MUSéUM NATIONAL D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE PUBLISHER=MUSEUM NATIONAL D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE CHAPTER=LE CHAT YAGOUARUNDI FELIS YAGOUARUNDI,weblink diverged {{font color|#dd4400|6.01 to 3.16 Mya}}(File:Herpailurus yagouaroundi Jaguarundi ZOO Děčín.jpg|frameless)LCTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >TITLE=HERPAILURUS YAGOUAROUNDI AUTHOR2=DE OLIVEIRA, T. VOLUME=2015 DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T9948A50653167.EN, 29 October 2018, (File:Jaguarundi_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdddd;"Otocolobus {{small>Sergey Ognev, 1928}}OGNEV, S. I. TITLE=ON A NEW FORM OF THE STEPPE CAT FROM THE TRANSCASPIAN REGION [OTOCOLOBUS MANUL FERRUGINEUS] VOLUME=SERIYA A #aa3322|[Lineage 7: 8.55 to 4.8 Mya]}}; 9.4 to 1.46 MyaPallas's cat (O. manul) {{small>(Peter Simon Pallas, 1776)}}PALLAS YEAR=1776 PUBLISHER=J. G. FLEISCHER CHAPTER=FELIS MANUL CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=YA8UAAAAQAAJ&PG=PA490&REDIR_ESC=Y&HL=EN#V=ONEPAGE&F=FALSE, diverged {{font color|#aa3322|8.16 to 4.53 Mya}}(File:Manoel.jpg|frameless)NTTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >TITLE=OTOCOLOBUS MANUL AUTHOR2=BARASHKOVA, A. AUTHOR4=APPEL, A. AUTHOR6=SANDERSON, J. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES VOLUME=2016 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/15640/87840229, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15640A87840229.en, (File:Manul_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdddd;"Prionailurus {{small>Severtzov, 1858}}{{font color[Lineage 7]}}; 8.76 to 0.73 MyaRusty-spotted cat (P. rubiginosus) {{small>(Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1834)}}GEOFFROY SAINT-HILAIRE YEAR=1831 FELIS RUBIGINOSA (NOB.)L >PAGES=140−144 TITLE=VOYAGE AUX INDES-ORIENTALES PAR LE NORD DE L'EUROPE, LES PROVINCES DU CAUCASES, LA GéORGIE, L'ARMéNIE ET LA PERSE, SUIVI DES DéTAILS TOPOGRAPHIQUES, STATISTIQUES ET AUTRE SUR LE PéGOU, LES ILES DE JAVE, DE MAURICE ET DE BOURBON, SUR LE CAP-DE-BONNE-ESPéRANCE ET SAINTE-HéLèNE, PENDANT LES ANNéES 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828 ET 1829. TOME 3: ZOOLOGIE EDITOR1-FIRST=C. EDITOR2-FIRST=I. LOCATION=PARIS, diverged {{font color|#aa3322|6.54 to 3.42 Mya}}(File:Rusty spotted cat 1.jpg|frameless)NTLAST2=DUCKWORTH LAST3=SILVA LAST4=APPEL LAST5=KITTLE LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES TITLE=PRIONAILURUS RUBIGINOSUS JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >VOLUME=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18149A50662471.EN, 18 October 2018, (File:Rusty-spottedCat distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdddd;"|Leopard cat (P. bengalensis) {{small>(Kerr, 1792)}}KERR >FIRST1=R. TITLE=THE ANIMAL KINGDOM OR ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF THE CELEBRATED SIR CHARLES LINNAEUS. CLASS I. MAMMALIA LOCATION=EDINBURGH & LONDON CHAPTER=BENGAL TIGER-CAT FELIS BENGALENSIS,weblink diverged {{font color|#aa3322|4.31 to 2.04 Mya}}(File:Close-up_of_a_Leopard_Cat_in_Sundarban.jpg|frameless)LCAUTHOR3=CHEYNE, S. AUTHOR5=IZAWA, M. AUTHOR7=LYNAM, A. AUTHOR9=MUKHERJEE, S. AUTHOR11=RASPHONE, A. TITLE=PRIONAILURUS BENGALENSIS THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES >PAGE=E.T18146A50661611 IUCN >DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T18146A50661611.EN, (File:LeopardCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdddd;"|Fishing cat (P. viverrinus) {{small>(Edward Turner Bennett, 1833)}}BENNETT YEAR=1833 FELIS VIVERRINUS >JOURNAL=PROCEEDINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON PAGES=68–69,weblink diverged {{font color|#aa3322|3.82 to 1.74 Mya}}(File:Fishing_Cat_(120780371).jpeg|frameless)VUTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=MUKHERJEE, S. AUTHOR3=DUCKWORTH, J. W. AUTHOR5=DAHAL, S. AUTHOR7=HERRANZ MUñOZ, V. AUTHOR9=RATNAYAKA, A. TITLE=PRIONAILURUS VIVERRINUS VOLUME=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T18150A50662615.EN,weblink (File:FishingCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdddd;"|Flat-headed cat (P. planiceps) {{small>(Vigors & Horsfield, 1827)}}diverged {{font color|#aa3322|3.82 to 1.74 Mya}}(File:Flat-headed cat 1 Jim Sanderson.JPG|frameless)VUTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >TITLE=PRIONAILURUS PLANICEPS AUTHOR2=BRODIE, J. AUTHOR4=HEARN, A. AUTHOR6=MATHAI, J. AUTHOR8=MEIJAARD, E. AUTHOR10=ROSS, J. AUTHOR12=& TRAEHOLT, C. PAGE=E.T18148A50662095 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/18148/50662095 ACCESS-DATE=29 OCTOBER 2018, (File:Flat-headedCat distribution2015.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffdddd;"|Sunda leopard cat (P. javanensis) {{small>(Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest, 1816)}}DESMAREST, A. G. CHAPTER=LE CHAT DE JAVA, FELIS JAVANENSIS NOB. CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/DOWNLOAD/NOUVEAUDICTIONNA06METC/PAGE/N130_W411 EDITOR=SOCIéTé DE NATURALISTES ET D'AGRICULTEURS PUBLISHER=CHEZ DETERVILLE, diverged {{font color|#aa3322|1.3 to 0.56 Mya}}JOURNAL, Patel, R. P., Wutke, S., Lenz, D., Mukherjee, S.; Ramakrishnan, U.; Veron, G.; Fickel, J.; Wilting, A.; Förster, D., 2017, Genetic Structure and Phylogeography of the Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Inferred from Mitochondrial Genomes, Journal of Heredity, 108, 4, 349−360, 10.1093/jhered/esx017, 28498987, (File:Blacan Indonesia.jpg|frameless)|(File:SundaLeopardCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"Felis {{small>Linnaeus, 1758}}LINNAEUS >FIRST=C. LOCATION=HOLMIAE YEAR=1758 CHAPTER=FELIS VOLUME=1 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/DETAILS/MOBOT31753000798865/PAGE/42, {{font color[Lineage 8: 4.88 to 2.41 Mya]}}; 6.52 to 1.03 MyaJungle cat (F. chaus) {{small>Schreber, 1777}}SCHREBER, J. C. D. >YEAR=1778 CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://ARCHIVE.ORG/STREAM/SAYUGTHIEREABBIIIISCHR#PAGE/414/MODE/2UP TITLE=DIE SäUGETHIERE IN ABBILDUNGEN NACH DER NATUR, MIT BESCHREIBUNGEN PUBLISHER=WOLFGANG WALTHER, diverged {{font color|#882277|4.88 to 2.41 Mya}}(File:Jungle_Cat_Felis_chaus_by_Dr._Raju_Kasambe_DSCN7957_(3).jpg|frameless)LCAUTHOR3=JATHANA, D. AUTHOR5=BARAL, H. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES FELIS CHAUS >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES PAGE=E.T8540A50651463 IUCN >DATE=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T8540A50651463.EN, (File:Distribution_of_Jungle_Cat.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"|Black-footed cat (F. nigripes) {{small>William John Burchell, 1824}}BURCHELL TITLE=TRAVELS IN THE INTERIOR OF SOUTHERN AFRICA, VOL. II PUBLISHER=LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, BROWN, AND GREEN PAGE=592 FELIS NIGRIPES >CHAPTERURL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=AGPDAAAACAAJ&LPG=PP7&OTS=BHO4XFY3KO&PG=PA592#V=SNIPPET&F=FALSE, diverged {{font color|#882277|4.44 to 2.16 Mya}}(File:Blackfooted2.jpg|frameless)VUTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=SLIWA, A. AUTHOR3=KüSTERS, M. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES TITLE=FELIS NIGRIPES DATE=2016 URL=HTTPS://WWW.IUCNREDLIST.ORG/SPECIES/8542/50652196, (File:Black-footedCat distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"|Sand cat (F. margarita) {{small>Victor Loche, 1858}}LOCHE YEAR=1858 TRANS-TITLE=DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES OF CAT, MR. CAPTAIN LOCHE PAGES=49–50 VOLUME=X,weblink diverged {{font color|#882277|3.67 to 1.72 Mya}}(File:Persian_sand_CAT.jpg|frameless)LCAUTHOR3=APPEL, A. AUTHOR5=SHER SHAH, M. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES FELIS MARGARITA >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES PAGE=E.T8541A50651884 IUCN >DATE=2016 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T8541A50651884.EN, 29 October 2018, (File:SandCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"|Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti) {{small>Alphonse Milne-Edwards, 1892}}MILNE-EDWARDS YEAR=1892 JOURNAL=REVUE GéNéRALE DES SCIENCES PURES ET APPLIQUéES PAGES=670–671,weblink diverged {{font color|#882277|1.86 to 0.72 Mya}}(File:Chinese Mountain Cat (Felis Bieti) in XiNing Wild Zoo croped.jpg|frameless)VUAUTHOR3=BAO, W. AUTHOR5=SHI, K. FELIS BIETI >JOURNAL=THE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >VOLUME=2015 DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T8539A50651398.EN, 29 October 2018, (File:ChineseMountainCat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"|African wildcat (F. lybica) {{small>Georg Forster, 1780}}FORSTER YEAR=1780 TRANS-TITLE=MR. VON BüFFON‘S NATURAL HISTORY OF QUADRUPEDS. WITH ADDITIONS, TRANSLATED FROM FRENCH. VOLUME 6 PUBLISHER=JOACHIM PAULI PAGES=299–319,weblink diverged {{font color|#882277|1.86 to 0.72 Mya}}(File:Parc des Felins Chat de Gordoni 28082013 2.jpg|frameless)|(File:AfricanWildcat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"|European wildcat (F. silvestris) {{smallDATE=1778 TRANS-CHAPTER=THE WILD CAT TITLE=DIE SäUGTHIERE IN ABBILDUNGEN NACH DER NATUR MIT BESCHREIBUNGEN (DRITTER THEIL) LOCATION=ERLANGEN,weblink diverged {{font color|#882277|1.62 to 0.59 Mya}}(File:European_Wildcat_Nationalpark_Bayerischer_Wald_03.jpg|frameless)LCTHE IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES IUCN >AUTHOR=YAMAGUCHI, N. AUTHOR3=DRISCOLL, C. LAST-AUTHOR-AMP=YES FELIS SILVESTRIS >VOLUME=2015 DATE=2015 DOI=10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T60354712A50652361.EN, 29 October 2018, (File:EuropeanWildcat_distribution.jpg|frameless) style="vertical-align: top; background-color:#ffbbdd;"|Domestic cat (F. catus) {{small>Linnaeus, 1758}}(File:Jammlich crop.jpg|frameless)|

Phylogeny

The phylogenetic relationships of living felids are shown in the following cladogram:{{Clade|style=font-size:80%;line-height:80%;background-color:#eeeeFF; border:1px solid darkred;|caption=|captionstyle=|label1=Felidae |thickness1=2thickness=2
|caption=Panthera lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#eeccFF;color:#880088;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:2px 10px 1px 1px;
|label1=Pantherinae |color1=red |thickness1=2
|style1=background-color:#eeccFF;
|1={{Clade |color=red |thickness=2
|label1=Neofelis
|1={{clade
|1=Clouded leopard (N. nebulosa)
|2=Sunda clouded leopard (N. diardi)
}}
|label2=newick2x=(((Lion, Jaguar), Leopard),(Tiger, Snow leopard))Panthera
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Snow leopard (P. uncia)
|2=Tiger (P. tigris)
}}
|2={{clade
|1=Jaguar (P. onca)
|2={{clade
|1=Leopard (P. pardus)
|2=Lion (P. leo)
}}
}}
}}
}}
|label2=Felinae |color2=blue |thickness2=2
|2={{Clade |color=blue |thickness=2
|caption=Bay cat lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#ddddFF;color:blue;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 2px 1px;

|style1=background-color:#ddddFF;
|newick1x=((Bay cat, Asian golden cat), Marbled cat)Pardofelis
|1={{clade
|label1=Pardofelis
|1=Marbled cat (P. marmorata)
|label2=Catopuma
|2={{clade
|1=Bay cat (C. badia)
|2=Asian golden cat (C. temminckii)
}}
}}
|2={{Clade |color=darkcyan |thickness=2
|caption=Caracal lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#eeFFFF;color:darkcyan;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 1px 1px;
|label1x=Caracal lineage
|style1=background-color:#eeFFFF;
|newick1x=((Caracal, African golden cat), Serval)Caracal
|1={{clade
|label1=Leptailurus
|1=Serval (L. serval)
|label2=Caracal
|2={{clade
|1=Caracal (C. caracal)
|2=African golden cat (C. aurata)
}}
}}
|2={{Clade |color=darkgreen |thickness=2
|caption=Ocelot lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#ccFFcc;color:darkgreen;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 1px 1px;
|style1=background-color:#ccFFcc;
|label1=Leopardus
|newick1x=((Ocelot, Margay),((Andean mountain cat, Pampas cat),((Geoffroy's cat, Kodkod), Tigrina)))Ocelots
|1={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Ocelot (L. pardalis)
|2=Margay (L. wiedii)
}}
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Andean mountain cat (L. jacobita)
|2=Pampas cat (L. colocola)
}}
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Geoffroy's cat (L. geoffroyi)
|2=Kodkod (L. guigna)
}}
|2=Oncilla (L. tigrina)
}}
}}
}}
|label2=Felini |color2=darkorange |thickness2=2
|2={{Clade |color=darkorange |thickness=2
|caption=Lynx lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#FFFFaa;color:darkorange;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 1px 1px;
|style1=background-color:#ffffaa;
|label1=Lynx
|newick1x=(((Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx), Canadian lynx), Bobcat)Lynx
|1={{clade
|1=Bobcat (L. rufus)
|2={{clade
|1=Canada lynx (L. canadensis)
|2={{clade
|1=Eurasian lynx (L. lynx)
|2=Iberian lynx (L. pardinus)
}}
}}
}}
|2={{Clade |color=#dd4400 |thickness=2
|caption=Puma lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#ffdd66;color:#dd4400;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 1px 1px;
|style1=background-color:#ffdd66;
|1={{Clade |color=#dd4400 |thickness=2
|label1=Acinonyx

|1=Cheetah (A. jubatus)

|newick2x=(Cougar (Cougar), Jaguarundi)Puma
|2={{clade
|label1=Puma
|1=Cougar (P. concolor)
|label2=Herpailurus
|2=Jaguarundi (H. yagouaroundi)
}}
}}
|2={{Clade |color=#aa3322 |thickness=2
|caption=Leopard cat lineage
|captionstyle=background-color:#ffdddd;color:#aa3322;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 2px 1px;
|style1=background-color:#FFdddd;
|1={{Clade |color=#aa3322 |thickness=2
|label1=Otocolobus
|1=Pallas's cat (O. manul)
|label2=Prionailurus
|newick2x=((Rusty-spotted cat,((Leopard cat, Fishing cat), Flat-headed cat)))Prionailurus
|2={{clade
|1=Rusty-spotted cat (P. rubiginosus)
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Leopard cat (P. bengalensis)
|2=Fishing cat (P. viverrinus)
}}
|2=Flat-headed cat (P. planiceps)
}}
}}
}}
|footer=Domestic cat lineage    
|footerstyle=background-color:#ffbbdd;color:#882277;text-align:right;font-weight:bold;padding:1px 10px 10px 1px;
|label2=Felis
|style2=background-color:#ffbbdd;
|2={{Clade |color=#882277 |thickness=2
|label1= 
|newick1x=(((((Domestic cat, European wildcat),(African wildcat, Chinese mountain cat)), Sand cat), Black-footed cat), Jungle cat)Felis
|1={{clade
|1=Jungle cat (F. chaus)
|2={{clade
|1=Black-footed cat (F. nigripes)
|2={{clade
|1=Sand cat (F. margarita)
|2={{clade
|1={{clade
|1=Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti)
|2=African wildcat (F. lybica)
}}
|2={{clade
|1=European wildcat (F. silvestris)
|2=Domestic cat (F. catus)
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}
}}

Prehistoric taxa

  • Proailurinae
    • Proailurus {{small|(Filhol, 1879)}}JOURNAL, Filhol, H., 1879, Étude sur les Mammifères fossiles de Saint-Gérand le Puy (Allier), Annales des Sciences Géologiques, 10, 1, 1–252,weblink
      • P. lemanensis {{small|(Filhol, 1879)}}
      • P. bourbonnensis {{small|(Peigne, 1999)}}JOURNAL, Peigné, S., 1999, Proailurus, l'un des plus anciens Felidae (Carnivora) 'dEurasie : systematique et evolution, Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse, 135, 125–134,weblink
      • P. major {{small|(Peigne, 1999)}}
  • Pseudaelurus {{small|(Gervais, 1850)}}JOURNAL, Gervais, P., 1850, Zoologie et paléontologie françaises. Nouvelles recherches sur les animaux vertébrés dont on trouve les ossements enfouis dans les sol de le France et sur leur comparaison avec les espèces propres aux autres regions du globe, Zoologie et Paléontologie Françaises, 8, 1–271,
    • P. quadridentatus {{small|(Blainville, 1882)}}
    • P. guangheesis {{small|(Cao et al, 1990)}}
    • P. cuspidatus {{small|(Wang et al, 1998)}}
  • Sivaelurus {{small|(Pilgrim, 1910)}}
    • S. chinjiensis {{small|(Pilgrim, 1910)}}
  • Hyperailurictis {{small|(Kretzoi, 1929)}}
    • H. intrepidus {{small|(Leidy, 1858)}}
    • H. marshi {{small|(Thorpe, 1922)}}
    • H. stouti {{small|(Schultz & Martin, 1972)}}
    • H. validus {{small|(Rothwell, 2001)}}
    • H. skinneri {{small|(Rothwell, 2003)}}
  • Styriofelis {{small|(Kretzoi, 1929)}}
    • S. turnauensis {{small|(Deperet, 1892)}}
    • S. romieviensis {{small|(Roman & Viret, 1934)}}
  • Miopanthera {{small|(Kretzoi, 1938)}}
    • M. lorteti {{small|(Gaillard, 1899)}}
    • M. pamiri {{small|(Ozansoy, 1965)}}
  • Pantherinae
    • Panthera
      • P. spelaea {{small|(Goldfuss, 1810)}}JOURNAL, Barnett, R., Mendoza, M. L. Z., Soares, A. E. R., Ho, S. Y. W., Zazula, G., Yamaguchi, N., Shapiro, B., Kirillova, I. V., Larson, G., Gilbert, M. T. P., Mitogenomics of the Extinct Cave Lion, Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810), Resolve its Position within the Panthera Cats, Open Quaternary, 2, 2016, 4, 10.5334/oq.24,
      • P. atrox {{small|(Leidy, 1853)}}JOURNAL, Leidy, J., 1853, Description of an Extinct Species of American Lion: Felis atrox, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 10, 319–322, 10.2307/1005282, 1005282,
      • P. fossilis {{small|(Reichenau, 1906)}}
      • P. palaeosinensis {{small|(Zdansky, 1924)}}
      • P. youngi {{small|(Pei, 1934)}}
      • P. gombaszoegensis {{small|(Kretzoi, 1938)}}JOURNAL, Kretzoi, M., 1938, Die Raubtiere von Gombaszög nebst einer Ãœbersicht der Gesamtfauna (Ein Beitrag zur Stratigraphie des Altquartärs), Annales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 31, 88–157,
      • P. shawi {{small|(Broom, 1948)}}
      • P. zdanskyi {{small|(Mazák, Christiansen & Kitchener, 2011)}}
      • P. blytheae {{small|(Tseng et al., 2013)}}
      • P. balamoides {{small|(Stinnesbeck et al., 2019)}}
      • P. leo
P. leo sinhaleyus
      • P. onca
P. onca augusta {{small|(Leidy, 1872)}}P. onca mesembrina {{small|(Cabrera 1934)}}
      • P. pardus
P. pardus spelaea {{small|(Bächler, 1936)}}
      • P. pardus
P. tigris trinilensis {{small|(Dubois, 1908)}}P. tigris soloensis {{small|(Koenigswald, 1933)}}
  • Felinae
    • Felis
    • Lynx
      • L. issiodorensis {{small|(Croizet & Jobert, 1828)}}
      • L. rexroadensis {{small|(Stephens, 1959)}}JOURNAL, Stephens, J. J., 1959, A new Pliocene cat from Kansas, Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, 44, 41–46, JOURNAL, Werdelin, L., 1981, The evolution of lynxes, Annales Zoologici Fennici, 18, 37–71,weblink
      • L. thomasi
    • Puma
    • Acinonyx
      • A. pardinensis {{small|(Croizet & Jobert, 1828)}}
      • A. intermedius {{small|(Thenius, 1954)}}
      • A. aicha {{small|(Geraads, 1997)}}
    • Sivapanthera {{small|(Kretzoi, 1929)}}
      • S. arvernensis {{small|(Croizet & Jobert, 1828)}}
      • S. brachygnathus {{small|(Lydekker, 1884)}}
      • S. pleistocaenicus {{small|(Zdansky, 1925)}}
      • S. potens {{small|(Pilgrim, 1932)}}
      • S. linxiaensis {{small|(Qiu et al., 2004)}}
      • S. padhriensis {{small|(Ghaffar & Akhtar, 2004)}}
    • Pratifelis {{small|(Hibbard, 1934)}}
    • Miracinonyx {{small|(Adams, 1979)}}JOURNAL, Adams, D. B., 1979, The Cheetah: Native American, Science, 205, 4411, 1155–1158, 17735054, 10.1126/science.205.4411.1155, 1979Sci...205.1155A,
      • M. inexpectatus {{small|(Cope, 1895)}}
      • M. trumani {{small|(Orr, 1969)}}
    • Diamantofelis {{small|(Morales, Pickford, Soria & Fraile, 1998)}}JOURNAL, Morales, J., Pickford, M., Soria, D., Fraile, S., 1998, New carnivores from the basal Middle Miocene of Arrisdrift, Namibia, Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 91, 27–40,
      • D. ferox {{small|(Morales, Pickford, Soria & Fraile, 1998)}}
    • Namafelis {{small|(Morales, Pickford, Fraile, Salesa & Soria, 2003)}}JOURNAL, Morales, J., Pickford, M., Fraile, S., Salesa, M. J., Soria, D., 2003, Creodonta and Carnivora from Arrisdrift, early Middle Miocene of southern Namibia, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 19, 177–194,
      • N. minor {{small|(Morales, Pickford, Fraile, Salesa & Soria, 2003)}}
    • Asilifelis {{small|(Werdelin, 2011)}}JOURNAL, Werdelin, L., 2011, A new genus and species of Felidae (Mammalia) from Rusinga Island, Kenya, with notes on early Felidae of Africa, Estudios Geológicos, 67, 2, 217–222, 10.3989/egeol.40463.184,weblink
      • A. coteae {{small|Werdelin, 2011}}
    • Leptofelis {{small|(Salesa et al., 2012)}}
      • L. vallesiensis {{small|(Salesa et al., 2012)}}
    • Pristifelis {{small|(Salesa et al., 2012)}}
    • Katifelis {{small|(Adrian, Werdelin & Grossman, 2018)}}JOURNAL, Adrian, B., Werdelin, L., Grossman, A., 2018, New Miocene Carnivora (Mammalia) from Moruorot and Kalodirr, Kenya, Palaeontologia Electronica, 21, 1, 21.1.10A, 10.26879/778,
      • K. nightingalei {{small|(Adrian, Werdelin & Grossman, 2018)}}
  • Machairodontinae
M. major {{small|(Zdansky, 1924)}}M. mongoliensis {{small|(Colbert, 1939)}}M. ultimus {{small|(Li, 2014)}}M. boodon A. kansensis {{small|(Hibbard, 1934)}} S. teilhardi
      • Dinofelis {{small|(Zdansky, 1924)}}JOURNAL, de Bonis, L., Peigné, S., Mackaye, H. T., Likius, A., Vignaud, P., Brunet, M., 2018, New sabre toothed Felidae (Carnivora, Mammalia) in the hominid-bearing sites of Toros Menalla (late Miocene, Chad), Geodiversitas, 40, 1, 69−87, 10.5252/geodiversitas2018v40a3,weblink
D. aronokiD. barlowiD. cristataD. dartiD. diastemataD. paleooncaD. petteriD. piveteaui
      • Yoshi {{small|(Spassov and Geraads, 2014)}}JOURNAL, 10.1007/s10914-014-9266-5, A New Felid from the Late Miocene of the Balkans and the Contents of the Genus Metailurus Zdansky, 1924 (Carnivora, Felidae), Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 22, 45–56, 2014, Spassov, N., Geraads, D.,
Y. minor {{small|(Zdansky, 1924)}}Y. garevskii {{small|(Spassov and Geraads, 2014)}} M. cultridens {{small|(Cuvier, 1824)}}M. nihowanensis {{small|(Teilhard de Chardin & Piveteau, 1930)}}M. hesperus {{small|(Gazin, 1933)}}M. whitei {{small|(Broom, 1937)}}M. inexpectatus {{small|(Tielhard de Chardin, 1939)}}M. vakshensis {{small|(Sarapov, 1986)}}M. ekidoit {{small|(Werdelin & Lewis, 2000)}}M. microta {{small|(Zhu et al., 2015)}} S. populator {{small|(Lund, 1842)}}S. fatalis {{small|(Leidy, 1869)}}S. gracilis {{small|(Cope, 1880)}} P. maximilianiP. orientalisP. transasiaticus
      • Promegantereon {{small|(Kretzoi, 1938)}}BOOK, Anton, M., Mauricio Anton, 2013, Sabertooth, University of Indiana Press, Bloomington, Indiana, 9780253010421,
P. ogygia {{small|(Kretzoi, 1938)}} R. fiteae {{small|(Wallace & Hulbert, 2013)}} H. latidens {{small|(Owen, 1846)}}H. serum {{small|(Cope, 1893)}}H. ischyrus {{small|(Merriam, 1905)}}H. venezuelensis {{small|(Rincón et al., 2011)}} A. giganteus {{small|(Kretzoi, 1929)}}A. kurteni {{small|(Sotnikova, 1992)}}A. kabir {{small|(Peigné et al., 2005)}}A. coloradensis {{small|(Anton et al., 2013)}}A. alvarezi {{small|(Ruiz-Ramoni et al., 2019)}} N. catacopsis {{small|(Cope, 1887)}}N. pedionomus {{small|(MacDonald, 1948)}}N. thinobates {{small|(MacDonald, 1948)}}N. hibbardi {{small|(Dalquest, 1969)}}N. galiani {{small|(Baskin, 1981)}} X. hodsonae {{small|(Martin et al., 2000)}} L. emageritus {{small|(Werdelin, 2003)}}L. fanonei {{small|(Bonis, Peigné, Mackaye, Likius, Vignaud & Brunet, 2010)}} M. aphanistus {{small|(Kaup, 18329}}M. horribilis {{small|(Schlosser, 1903)}}M. robinsoni {{small|(Kurtén, 1975)}}M. pseudaeluroides {{small|(Schmidt-Kittler 1976)}}M. alberdiae {{small|(Ginsburg et al., 1981)}}M. laskerevi {{small|(Sotnikova, 1992)}} H. zwierzyckii {{small|(Koenigswald, 1974)}} M. pseudaeluroides {{small|(Schmidt-Kittler 1976)}}

See also

{{Div col|colwidth=20em}} {{div col end}}{{Clear}}

References

{{Reflist}}

External links

  • {{DMOZ|Science/Biology/Flora_and_Fauna/Animalia/Chordata/Mammalia/Carnivora/Felidae/}}
  • WEB, Keller, E., 2015, Secrets of the World's 38 Species of Wild Cats, National Geographic Society,weblink
{{Carnivora|Fe.}}{{Taxonbar|from=Q25265}}{{Authority control}}

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