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Ernest, Elector of Saxony

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Ernest, Elector of Saxony
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{{Expand German|Ernst (Sachsen)|date=September 2012}}{{More citations needed|date=April 2017}}







factoids
| death_place = Colditz, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire| burial_place =Elisabeth of Bavaria, Electress of Saxony>Elisabeth of Bavaria-MunichChristina of Saxony>Christina, Queen of Denmark Frederick III, Elector of SaxonyJohann, Elector of Saxony Margarete, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg| issue-link = #Children| issue-pipe = among others...| house = House of Wettin| father = Frederick II, Elector of SaxonyMargaret of Austria, Electress of Saxony>Margaret of Austria-StyriaCatholic Church>Roman Catholicism| succession1 = Landgrave of Thuringia| reign1 = 17 September 1482 – 26 August 1486William II, Landgrave of Thuringia>William IIFrederick VI, Landgrave of Thuringia>Frederick VI}Ernest (Meissen, 24 March 1441 – 26 August 1486 in Colditz) was Elector of Saxony from 1464 to 1486.Ernst was the founder and progenitor of the Ernestine line of Saxon princes,{{sfn|Trim|2003|page=214}} and a direct patrilineal ancestor of Queen Elizabeth II (United Kingdom), Michael, Prince of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach), Konrad, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen (Saxe-Meiningen) and Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Saxe-Coburg and Gotha).

Biography

(File:Dresden Fürstenzug 085.JPG|thumb|left|Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1381–1428), Ernest, Elector of Saxony (1464–1486) and Frederick II, Elector of Saxony (1428–1464); Fürstenzug, Dresden, Germany)He was the second son (but fourth in order of birth) of the eight children of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony and Margaret of Austria, sister of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor.The death of his older brother Frederick (1451) made him the new heir apparent to the position of Elector of Saxony.In 1455 Ernst was kidnapped, along with his brother Albert, by the knight Kunz von Kaufungen an episode famous in German history as the "Prinzenraub"EB1911, Frederick II., Elector of Saxony, 11, 60, (i.e. The Stealing of the Princes).In 1464, he succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony, and annexed Thuringia in 1482, and three years later (Treaty of Leipzig, 1485) shared his territory with his brother Albert, until he arranged the division of the common possession.According to the Treaty of Leipzig he received an area around Wittenberg, the southern Thuringian part, the Vogtland and parts of the Pleissnerland. As a residence he selected Wittenberg. He provided for the welfare of the country and introduced the constitution.One year after the division elector Ernest died in Colditz, at the age of 46 years, the consequence of a fall from a horse.

Children

(File:ElisabethBayxSachsen.jpg|120px|thumb|His wife Elisabeth of Bavaria.)In Leipzig on 19 November 1460 Ernst married Elisabeth of Bavaria. They had seven children:
  1. Christina (b. Torgau, 25 December 1461 – d. Odense, 8 December 1521), married on 6 September 1478 to King John I of Denmark
  2. Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (b. Torgau, 17 January 1463 – d. Lockau, 5 May 1525)
  3. Ernest (b. Meissen, 26 June 1464 – d. Halle, 3 August 1513), Archbishop of Magdeburg (1476–1480), Bishop of Halberstadt (1480–1513)
  4. Adalbert (b. Meissen, 8 May 1467 – d. Aschaffenburg, 1 May 1484), Administrator of Mainz
  5. Johann, Elector of Saxony (b. Meissen, 30 June 1468 – d. Schweinitz, 16 August 1532)
  6. Margarete (b. Meissen, 4 August 1469 – d. Weimar, 7 December 1528), married on 27 February 1487 to Henry I of Lüneburg
  7. Wolfgang (b. Meissen, ca. 1473 – d. Torgau, ca. 1478).

Ancestry

{{ahnentafelalign=center|boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;|boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;|boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;|boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;|boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;|1= 1. Ernest, Elector of Saxony|2= 2. Frederick II, Elector of SaxonyMargaret of Austria, Electress of Saxony>Margaret of Austria|4= 4. Frederick I, Elector of SaxonyCatherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg>Catherine of Brunswick|6= 6. Ernest, Duke of Austria|7= 7. Cymburgis of Masovia|8= 8. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia|9= 9. Catherine of Henneberg-Schleusingen|10= 10. Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|11= 11. Sofie of Pomerania-Wolgast|12= 12. Leopold III, Duke of Austria|13= 13. Viridis Visconti|14= 14. Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia|15= 15. Alexandra of Lithuania|16= 16. Frederick II, Margrave of MeissenMathilde of Bavaria, Margravine of Meissen>Mathilde of Bavaria|18= 18. Heinrich IV of Henneberg-Schleusingen|19= 19. Judith of Brandenburg-Salzwedel|20= 20. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|21= 21. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg|22= 22. Wartislaw VI, Duke of Pomerania|23= 23. Anna zu Mecklenburg-Stargard|24= 24. Albert II, Duke of Austria|25= 25. Johanna of PfirtBernabò Visconti> Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan|27= 27. Beatrice Regina della Scala|28= 28. Siemowit III of Masovia|29= 29. Euphemia of Silesia-TroppauAlgirdas> Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania|31= 31. Uliana Alexandrovna of Tver}}

References

{{reflist}}

Sources

  • BOOK, Trim, David J. B., The Chivalric Ethos and the Development of Military Professionalism, 2003, BRILL, 978-9004120952,weblink harv,
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