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Episcopal see
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The seat or cathedra of the Bishop of Rome in the Basilica of San Giovanni in Laterano
An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction.WEB,weblink Dictionary : EPISCOPAL SEE, www.catholicculture.org, 2018-12-23, WEB,weblink CHURCH OF ENGLAND—EPISCOPAL SEE OF GIBRALTAR.—QUESTION. (Hansard, 12 August 1876), api.parliament.uk, 2018-12-23, Phrases concerning actions occurring within or outside an episcopal see are indicative of the geographical significance of the term, making it synonymous with diocese.WEB,weblink Houses of Benedictine monks: Priory of Little Malvern {{!, British History Online|website=www.british-history.ac.uk|access-date=2018-12-23}}The Church of England, Together in Mission and Ministry (Church House Publishing 1993 {{ISBN|978-0-71515750-3}}), p. 103WEB,weblink Ordinance of William I Separating the Spiritual and Temporal Courts, 1998-12-29, avalon.law.yale.edu, 2018-12-23, Saint Augustine, Sermons on the Liturgical Seasons (CUA Press 2010 {{ISBN|978-0-81321138-1}}), p. ixThe word see is derived from Latin sedes, which in its original or proper sense denotes the seat or chair that, in the case of a bishop, is the earliest symbol of the bishop's authority.The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Oxford University Press 2005, {{ISBN|978-0-19-280290-3}}), s.v. "see" This symbolic chair is also known as the bishop's cathedra. The church in which it is placed is for that reason called the bishop's cathedral, from Latin ecclesia cathedralis, meaning the church of the cathedra. The word throne is also used, especially in the Eastern Orthodox Church, both for the chair and for the area of ecclesiastical jurisdiction.For instance, Communiqué of the Ecumenical PatriarchateThe term "see" is also used of the town where the cathedral or the bishop's residence is located.

Catholic Church

{{Papal primacy and infallibility|expanded=patriarchs}}Within Catholicism, each diocese is considered to be a see unto itself with a certain allegiance to the See of Rome. The idea of a see as a sovereign entity is somewhat complicated due to the existence of the 23 Particular Churches of the Catholic Church. The Western Church and its Eastern Catholic counterparts all reserve some level of autonomy, yet each also is subdivided into smaller sees (dioceses and archdioceses). The episcopal see of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, is known as "the Holy See"WEB,weblink Definition of HOLY SEE, www.merriam-webster.com, en, 2018-12-23, or "the Apostolic See",weblinkWEB,weblink Definition of APOSTOLIC SEE, www.merriam-webster.com, en, 2018-12-23, claiming Papal supremacy.

Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church views all bishops as sacramentally equal, and in principle holding equal authority, each over his own see. Certain bishops may be granted additional administrative duties over wider regions (as in the idea of the Pentarchy), but these powers are limited and never extend over the entire Church. Thus, the Eastern Orthodox oppose the idea of papal supremacy or any similar supremacy by any one bishop.

See also

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References

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External links

  • EB1911, See, x,
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