Epirus (region)

aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Epirus (region)
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{other uses|Epirus (disambiguation)}}{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2013}}

| subdivision_type = CountryGreece}}| subdivision_type1 = Decentralized AdministrationDecentralized Administration of Epirus and Western Macedonia>Epirus and Western Macedonia| leader_title = Regional governorAlexandros KachrimanisΑλέξανδρος Καχριμάνης}}New Democracy}}Regional units of Greece>Regional units| parts_style = listArta (regional unit)>ArtaIoannina (regional unit)>IoanninaPreveza (regional unit)>Preveza| p4 = Thesprotia| seat_type = Capital| seat = Ioannina| area_total_km2 = 9203.22| population_total = 336856| population_as_of = 2011| population_density_km2 = autoEpirote)HELLENIC STATISTICAL AUTHORITY DATE=12 SEPTEMBER 2014 URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=8 SEPTEMBER 2015, dmy, Eastern European Time>EET| utc_offset = +2Eastern European Summer Time>EEST| utc_offset_DST = +3| iso_code = GR-DHuman Development Index>HDI (2017)WEBSITE=HDI.GLOBALDATALAB.ORGACCESS-DATE=2018-09-13, {{colorvery high}} · 4thweblink}}}}Epirus ({{IPAc-en|ɪ|ˈ|p|aɪ|r|ə|s}}; , Ípeiros {{IPA-el|ˈipiɾos|}}), is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region in northwestern Greece.Π.Δ. 51/87 “Καθορισμός των Περιφερειών της Χώρας για το σχεδιασμό κ.λ.π. της Περιφερειακής Ανάπτυξης” (''Determination of the Regions of the Country for the planning etc. of the development of the regions, Efimeris tis Kyverniseos ΦΕΚ A 26/06.03.1987 It borders the regions of West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, West Greece to the south, the Ionian Sea and Ionian Islands to the west and Albania to the north. The region has an area of about {{convert|9,200|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}}. It is part of the wider historical region of Epirus, which overlaps modern Albania and Greece but lies mostly within Greek territory.

Geography and ecology

File:Nisi Ioannina 5990.jpg|thumb|200px|Lake Pamvotis with the Ioannina IslandIoannina IslandFile:Zagori Vikos gorge Oxia towards Vikos.jpg|thumb|200px|Vikos–Aoös National ParkVikos–Aoös National ParkGreek Epirus, like the region as a whole, is rugged and mountainous. It comprises the land of the ancient Molossians and ThesprotiansWinnifrith, T.J. Badlands-Borderland: A History of Southern Albania/Northern Epirus. London: Duckworth Publishers, 2003, {{ISBN|0-7156-3201-9}}, p. 8. "The Thesprotians lived in the western part of what is now Greek Epirus, the Molossians in the rest of Greek Epirus, and the Chaonians in the southern section of Southern Albania..." and a small part of the land of the Chaonians the greater part being in Southern Albania. It is largely made up of mountainous ridges, part of the Dinaric Alps. The region's highest spot is on Mount Smolikas, at an altitude of 2.637 metres above sea level. In the east, the Pindus Mountains that form the spine of mainland Greece separate Epirus from Macedonia and Thessaly. Most of Epirus lies on the windward side of the Pindus. The winds from the Ionian Sea offer the region more rainfall than any other part of Greece.The Vikos-Aoos and Pindus National Parks are situated in the Ioannina Prefecture of the region. Both areas have a wide range of fauna and flora. The climate of Epirus is mainly alpine. The vegetation is made up mainly of coniferous species. The animal life is especially rich in this area and includes, among other species, bears, wolves, foxes, deer and lynxes.


The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform as the Epirus Region (, Periféreia Ipeírou)and is divided into four regional units (formerly prefectures, nomoi), which are further subdivided into municipalities (dimoi). The regional units are: Thesprotia, Ioannina, Arta and Preveza.File:Epirus - municipalities and seats EN.svg|240px|thumb|right|The administrative division of the Epirus region in municipalities. In shades of yellow, the regional unit of Thesprotia, in red, Ioannina, in blue, Preveza and in green, Arta.]]In January 2011, according to the reform introduced by the Kallikratis Programme (weblink" title="">Act 3852/2010) the prefectures were abolished and replaced by regional units. The former municipalities and communities were re-structured to form only 18 new municipalities.{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:left; font-size:95%"!width=160|Municipality!width=85|Population (2011)!width=115|Seat|Ioannina112,486|Ioannina|Konitsa6,362|Konitsa|Pogoni8,960|Kalpaki|Zagori3,724|Asprangeli|Metsovo6,196|Metsovo|Zitsa14,766Eleousa (Epirus)>Eleousa|North Tzoumerka5,714|Pramanta|Dodoni9,693Agia Kyriaki (Dodona)>Agia KyriakiArta, Greece>Arta43,166Arta, Greece>Arta|Central Tzoumerka6,178|VourgareliNikolaos Skoufas (municipality)>Nikolaos Skoufas12,753Peta, Greece>PetaGeorgios Karaiskakis (municipality)>Georgios Karaiskakis5,780|Ano Kalentini|Preveza31,733|PrevezaZiros, Preveza>Ziros13,892|Filippiada|Parga11,866|Kanallaki|Igoumenitsa25,814|Igoumenitsa|Souli10,063|Paramythia|Filiates7,710|FiliatesThe region's governor is, since 1 January 2011, Alexandros Kachrimanis, who was elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the New Democracy and Popular Orthodox Rally parties.


File:Paramythia street.jpg|thumb|200px|Street of ParamythiaParamythiaFile:Grand Harbour of Syvota.JPG|thumb|200px|SyvotaSyvota


Epirus has few resources and its rugged terrain makes agriculture difficult. Sheep and goat pastoralism have always been an important activity in the region (Epirus provides more than 45% of meat to the Greek market) but there seems to be a decline in recent years. Tobacco is grown around Ioannina, and there is also some farming and fishing, but most of the area's food must be imported from more fertile regions of Greece. Epirus is home to a number of the country's most famous dairy products' brands, which produce feta cheese among others. Another important area of the local economy is tourism, especially eco-tourism. The natural environment of the area, as well as its traditional villages and lifestyle, have made Epirus a tourist attraction.{{fact|date=April 2019}}


Around 350,000 people live in Epirus. According to the 2001 census, it has the lowest population of the 13 regions of Greece. This is partly due to the impact of repeated wars in the 20th century as well as mass emigration due to adverse economic conditions. The capital and largest city of the region is Ioannina, where nearly a third of the population lives. The great majority of the population are Greeks, including Aromanians and Arvanites.The delineation of the border between Greece and Albania in 1913 left some Albanian-populated villages on the Greek side of the border as well as Greek-populated villages and cities in Northern Epirus, in present-day Albania. In the past, the coastal region of Thesprotia was also home to a Cham Albanian minority, whose number did not exceed 25,000 in 1940s, alongside the local Greeks.BOOK, Kretsi, Georgia, Ethnologia Balkanica, LIT Verlag Münster,weblink 27 July 2014, The Chams are understood as members of the Albanian-speaking Muslim "minority" which used to live predominately in northwestern Greece (Epirus),, After the war and their expulsion, the Greek census of 1951 counted a total of 127 Muslim Albanian Chams in Epirus, while in 1986 44 were counted in Thesprotia.Ktistakis, 1992: p. 8, 9 (citing Krapsitis V., 1986: Οι Μουσουλμάνοι Τσάμηδες της Θεσπρωτίας (The Muslim Chams of Thesprotia), Athens, 1986, p. 181.

See also


File:Dodona theater.jpg|The ancient theatre in DodonaFile:Κορυφογραμμή Πίνδου.JPG|Pindus mountainsFile:Παραμυθένια βόλτα.jpg|Acheron riverFile:Preveza Greece from above dsc06080.jpg|Ambracian Gulf of PrevezaFile:Metsovo.jpg|MetsovoFile:408Aristi.JPG|Aristi village in Zagori, example of Epirotic architectureFile:Pargaharbour.jpg|Parga



External links

{{commons category|Epirus (region)}}
  • {{official website}} {{el icon}}
  • weblink" title="">Preveza Weather Station SV6GMQ - Live Weather Conditions (in English and Greek)
{{Kallikratis-Epirus}}{{Geographic regions of Greece}}{{Administrative regions of Greece}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Epirus (region)" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 9:32pm EST - Tue, Nov 12 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott