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Emma Thompson
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{{for|the Australian cricketer|Emma Thompson (cricketer)}}{{pp-pc1}}{{short description|British actress and writer}}{{good article}}{{Use British English|date=May 2011}}{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2017}}







factoids
| image = Emma Thompson at 2013 TIFF 1 (cropped).jpg| caption = Thompson at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival195915|df=yes}}| birth_place = Paddington, London, England West Hampstead, London, England | Dunoon, Argyll and Bute, Scotland}}| alma_mater = Newnham College, CambridgeActressactivistcomedian}}| years_active = 1982–present{{marriageKenneth Branagh>1989end=divorced}}Greg Wise|end=}}}}| children = 2 Eric Thompson | Phyllida Law}}| relatives = Sophie Thompson (sister)List of awards and nominations received by Emma Thompson>Full list| module = {{Listen
| embed = yes
| filename = Emma_Thompson_BBC_Radio4_The_Film_Programme_28_Nov_13_b03jfc47.flac
| title = Emma Thompson's voice
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| description = from the BBC programme The Film Programme, 28 November 2013.EPISODE, Emma Thompson, The Film Programme, The Film Programme (BBC Radio 4),weblink BBC Radio 4, 28 November 2013, 18 January 2014,
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}}Dame Emma Thompson {{post-nominals|country=GBR|size=100%|DBE}}NEWS,weblink Dalglish and Thompson head honours list, 2018-06-08, BBC News, 2018-06-11, (born 15 April 1959) is an English actress, screenwriter, activist, author, and comedian. One of the UK's most acclaimed actresses, she often portrays enigmatic and matronly characters with a sense of wit, frequently in period dramas and literary adaptations. She is the recipient of various accolades, including two Academy Awards, a Primetime Emmy Award, three BAFTA Awards, and two Golden Globe Awards.Born in London to English actor Eric Thompson and Scottish actress Phyllida Law, Thompson was educated at Newnham College, University of Cambridge, where she became a member of the Footlights troupe. After appearing in several comedy programmes, she came to prominence in 1987 in two BBC TV series, Tutti Frutti and Fortunes of War, winning the BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress for her work in both series. Her first film role was in the 1989 romantic comedy The Tall Guy. In the early 1990s, she often collaborated with her then-husband, actor and director Kenneth Branagh. The pair became popular in the British media and co-starred in several films, including Dead Again (1991) and Much Ado About Nothing (1993).In 1992, Thompson won an Academy Award and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress for the period drama Howards End. In 1993, she garnered dual Academy Award nominations for her roles in The Remains of the Day as the housekeeper of a grand household and In the Name of the Father as a lawyer. Thompson scripted and starred in Sense and Sensibility (1995), which earned her numerous awards, including an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, which makes her the only person to receive Academy Awards for both acting and writing, and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress. In 2013, she received acclaim and several award nominations for her portrayal of author P. L. Travers in Saving Mr. Banks. Other notable film and television credits include the Harry Potter film series (2004–2011), Wit (2001), Love Actually (2003), Angels in America (2003), Nanny McPhee (2005), Stranger than Fiction (2006), Last Chance Harvey (2008), Men in Black 3 (2012), and the sequel (Men in Black: International) (2019), Brave (2012), Beauty and the Beast (2017), Late Night (2019), and the BBC/HBO series Years and Years (2019).Thompson is married to actor Greg Wise, with whom she lives in London. They have one daughter. She is an activist in the areas of human rights and environmentalismWEB,weblink Actress Emma Thompson joins climate protest in London's Oxford Circus, www.msn.com, 2019-04-23, and has received criticism for her outspokenness. She has written two books adapted from The Tale of Peter Rabbit. She was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2018 Birthday Honours by Elizabeth II for her services to drama.

Early life

Thompson was born in Paddington,BOOK, Jepson, Tim, Porges, Larry, National Geographic London Book of Lists: The City's Best, Worst, Oldest, Greatest, and Quirkiest,weblink 4 November 2014, National Geographic Society, 978-1-4262-1385-4, 15, {{efn|The England and Wales Birth Registration Index, which states Thompson's mother's maiden name as Law, cites Hammersmith as her birthplace,WEB,weblink Emma Thompson, The England and Wales Birth Registration Index, Familysearch.org, 16 October 2015, but most sources indicate that it was Paddington.}}London, on 15 April 1959.NEWS, Emma Thompson,weblink All Media Guide / Rovi via The New York Times, 12 October 2013, Her mother is the Scottish actress Phyllida Law, while her English father, Eric Thompson, was involved in theatre, and was the writer–narrator of the popular children's television series The Magic Roundabout.NEWS, Grice, Elizabeth, Phyllida Law: my mother's dementia had its funny side,weblink The Telegraph, 23 February 2013, 14 September 2013, NEWS, Joanna, Moorhead, Emma Thompson: 'Family is about connection',weblink The Guardian, 20 March 2010, 14 September 2013, Her godfather was the director and writer Ronald Eyre.NEWS,weblink Beneath the skin, The Telegraph, 19 September 2005, 5 March 2014, Emma, Thompson, WEB,weblink Emma Thompson: A Life in Pictures, BAFTA, BAFTA Guru, 24 November 2013, 17 August 2015, She has one sister, Sophie Thompson, who also works as an actress. The family lived in West Hampstead in north London, and Thompson was educated at Camden School for Girls.NEWS, Kate, Kellaway, Warts'n'all,weblink The Guardian, 16 October 2005, 14 September 2013, She spent much time in Scotland during her childhood and often visited Ardentinny, where her grandparents and uncle lived.File:ADC Theatre Cambridge.jpg|thumb|upright|left|ADC Theatre, University of Cambridge, where Thompson began performing with FootlightsFootlightsIn her youth, Thompson was intrigued by language and literature, a trait which she attributes to her father, who shared her love of words.NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140611100659weblink">weblink dead, 11 June 2014, EMMA THOMPSON DISPLAYS SENSE AND SENSIBILITY.(TIMEOUT), The Cincinnati Post, HighBeam Research, subscription, 18 January 1996, 27 March 2014, After successfully taking A levels in English, French and Latin,BOOK, Emma: The Many Facets of Emma Thompson, Nickson, Chris, Taylor Pub, 1997, 9780878339655, 13,weblink and securing a scholarship,BOOK, Emma: The Many Facets of Emma Thompson, Nickson, Chris, Taylor Pub, 1997, 9780878339655, 201,weblink she began studying for an English degree at Newnham College, Cambridge,NEWS, Joann, Moorhead, Emma Thompson: Doth the lady protest too much?,weblink The Independent, 18 January 2009, 12 October 2013, arriving in 1977. Thompson believes that it was inevitable that she would become an actress, commenting that she was "surrounded by creative people and I don't think it would ever have gone any other way, really".WEB,weblink Emma Thompson: A Life in Pictures, Bafta.org, 27 November 2013, 27 March 2014, While there, she had a "seminal moment" that turned her to feminism and inspired her to take up performing. She explained in an interview in 2007 how she discovered the book The Madwoman in the Attic, "which is about Victorian female writers and the disguises they took on in order to express what they wanted to express. That completely changed my life."NEWS, Logan, Hill, Influences: Emma Thompson,weblink Los Angeles Times, 25 October 2007, 14 September 2013, She became a self-professed "punk rocker",WEB,weblink Brideshead Revisited â€” an interview with Emma Thompson, Davey, Neil, Saga, 15 September 2013,weblink" title="archive.today/20130915134935weblink">weblink 15 September 2013, dmy-all, with short red hair and a motorbike, and aspired to be a comedian like Lily Tomlin.At Cambridge, Thompson was invited into Footlights, the university's prestigious sketch comedy troupe, by its president, Martin Bergman,NEWS, Logan, Hill, The Cambridge Footlights: First steps in comedy,weblink The Independent, 25 October 2007, 15 September 2013, becoming its first female member.BOOK, Bulman, James C., Shakespeare Re-dressed: Cross-gender Casting in Contemporary Performance,weblink January 2008, Associated University Presse, 978-0-8386-4114-9, 152, Also in the troupe were fellow actors Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie, and she had a romantic relationship with the latter.NEWS, Walker, Tim,weblink Hugh Laurie's elemental about Emma Thompson, The Telegraph, 12 January 2009, 3 May 2011, Fry recalled that "there was no doubt that Emma was going the distance. Our nickname for her was Emma Talented."In 1980, Thompson served as the Vice President of Footlights,WEB, 1980–1989,weblink Footlights, 15 September 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130909142743weblink">weblink 9 September 2013, and co-directed the troupe's first all-female revue, Woman's Hour. The following year, Thompson and her Footlights team won the Perrier Award at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe for their sketch show The Cellar Tapes.WEB, History,weblink Footlights, 15 September 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130922122310weblink">weblink 22 September 2013, dmy-all, Thompson graduated with upper second-class honours.BOOK, Emma: Many Faces of Emma Thompson, Nickson, Chris, Taylor Pub, 1997, 9780878339655, 35,weblink In 1982, Thompson's father died as a result of circulatory problems at the age of 53. The actress has commented that this "tore [the family] to pieces",NEWS, Vanessa, Thorpe,weblink Emma Thompson tells of her battle with 'voices in my head', The Observer, 28 March 2010, 15 September 2013, and "I can't begin to tell you how much I regret his not being around".NEWS, Jan, Stuart, Emma Thompson, Sensibly,weblink New York, 10 December 1995, 14 September 2013, She added, "At the same time, it's possible that were he still alive I might never have had the space or courage to do what I've done ... I have a definite feeling of inheriting space. And power."

Acting career

1980s: Breaking through

File:KennethBranaghApr2011.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Actor-director Kenneth BranaghKenneth BranaghThompson had her first professional role in 1982, touring in a stage version of Not the Nine O'Clock News. She then turned to television, where much of her early work came with her Footlights co-stars Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry. The regional ITV comedy series There's Nothing To Worry About! (1982) was their first outing, followed by the one-off BBC show The Crystal Cube (1983).WEB, Emma Thompson,weblink British Film Institute, 29 October 2013, There's Nothing to Worry About! later returned as the networked sketch show Alfresco (1983–84), which ran for two series with Thompson, Fry, Laurie, Ben Elton, and Robbie Coltrane. She later collaborated again with Fry and Laurie on the acclaimed BBC Radio 4 series Saturday Night Fry (1988).In 1985, Thompson was cast in the West End revival of the musical Me and My Girl, co-starring Robert Lindsay. It provided a breakthrough in her career, as the production earned rave reviews.WEB, Emma Thompson â€“ Biography,weblink Yahoo!, 12 October 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131019044406weblink">weblink 19 October 2013, dmy-all, She played the role of Sally Smith for 15 months, which exhausted the actress; she later remarked "I thought if I did the fucking "Lambeth Walk" one more time I was going to fucking throw up." At the end of 1985, she wrote and starred in her own one-off special for Channel 4, Emma Thompson: Up for Grabs.WEB, Emma Thompson: Up for Grabs,weblink British Film Institute, 29 October 2013, Thompson achieved another breakthrough in 1987, when she had leading roles in two television miniseries: Fortunes of War, a World War II drama co-starring Kenneth Branagh, and Tutti Frutti, a dark-comedy about a Scottish rock band with Robbie Coltrane. For these performances, Thompson won the British Academy Television Award for Best Actress.WEB, Television Actress in 1988,weblink British Academy of Film and Television, 12 October 2013, The following year, she wrote and starred in her own sketch comedy series for BBC, Thompson, but this was poorly received.WEB, Emma Thompson,weblink BBC, 12 October 2013, In 1989, she and Branagh—who had formed a romantic relationship—starred in a stage revival of Look Back in Anger, directed by Judi Dench and produced by Branagh's Renaissance Theatre Company.WEB, Renaissance Theatre Company Collection,weblink Archives Hub, 16 October 2013, Later that year, the pair starred in a televised version of the play.Thompson's first cinema appearance came in the romantic comedy The Tall Guy (1989), the feature-film debut from screenwriter Richard Curtis. It starred Jeff Goldblum as a West End actor, and Thompson played the nurse with whom he falls in love. The film was not widely seen,NEWS, Mark, Lawson, It's Magic,weblink The Guardian, 13 November 2003, 13 October 2013, but Thompson's performance was praised in The New York Times, where Caryn James called her "an exceptionally versatile comic actress".NEWS, Caryn, James, The Tall Guy (1989),weblink The New York Times, 21 September 1990, 13 October 2013, She next turned to Shakespeare, appearing as Princess Katherine in Branagh's screen adaptation of Henry V (1989). The film was released to great critical acclaim.WEB,weblink Henry V (1989), 16 October 2013, Rotten Tomatoes,

1990–1993: A leading British actress

Thompson and Branagh are considered by American writer and critic James Monaco to have led the "British cinematic onslaught" in the 1990s.BOOK, Monaco, James, How to Read a Film:Movies, Media, and Beyond: Movies, Media, and Beyond,weblink 8 May 2009, Oxford University Press, 978-0-19-975579-0, 414, She continued to experiment with Shakespeare in the new decade, appearing with Branagh in his stage productions of A Midsummer Night's Dream and King Lear. Reviewing the latter, the Chicago Tribune praised her "extraordinary" performance of the "hobbling, stooped hunchback Fool".NEWS, Richard, Christiansen, An Impressive King Lear Outshines A Flawed, Hilarious 'dream',weblink Chicago Tribune, 25 May 1990, 16 October 2013, Thompson returned to cinema in 1991, playing a "frivolous aristocrat" in Impromptu with Judy Davis and Hugh Grant.WEB,weblink Impromptu, 28 October 2013, Rotten Tomatoes, and Thompson was nominated for Best Supporting Female at the Independent Spirit Awards.NEWS, Emma Thompson â€“ Awards,weblink The New York Times, 28 October 2013, Her second release of 1991 was another pairing with Branagh, who also directed, in the Los Angeles-based noir Dead Again. She played a woman who has forgotten her identity.WEB, Dead Again (Weekend),weblink Box Office Mojo, 16 October 2013, Early in 1992, Thompson had a guest role in an episode of Cheers as Frasier Crane's first wife.WEB, Cheers, Season 10, Episode 16: One Hugs, the Other Doesn't,weblink TV.com, 16 October 2013, File:AnthonyHopkins2.jpg|thumb| Anthony Hopkins starred with Thompson in Howards End (1992) and The Remains of the Day (1993).]]A turning point in Thompson's career came when she was cast opposite Anthony Hopkins and Vanessa Redgrave in the Merchant Ivory period drama Howards End (1992), based on the novel by E. M. Forster. The film explored the social class system in Edwardian England, with Thompson playing an idealistic, intellectual, forward-looking woman who comes into association with a privileged and deeply conservative family. She actively pursued the role by writing to director James Ivory, who agreed to an audition and then gave her the part.WEB,weblink Emma Thompson: A Life in Pictures, BAFTA, BAFTA Guru, 24 November 2014, 17 August 2015, According to the critic Vincent Canby, the film allowed Thompson to "[come] into her own", away from Branagh.NEWS, Howards End (1992),weblink Vincent, Canby, The New York Times, 13 March 1992, 24 October 2013, Upon release, Roger Ebert wrote that she was "superb in the central role: quiet, ironic, observant, with steel inside".NEWS, Howards End,weblink Roger, Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times, 1 May 1992, 24 October 2013, Howards End was widely praised,WEB, Howards End,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 24 October 2013, a "surprise hit",NEWS, Simply Put, It's Chemistry: Two actors, two Oscars, two tart tongues—Emma Thompson and Anthony Hopkins do the Tracy and Hepburn thing,weblink De Vries, Hilary, The New York Times, 31 October 1993, 24 October 2013, and received nine Academy Award nominations.NEWS, Howards End (1992),weblink The New York Times, 24 October 2013, Vincent, Canby, Among its three wins was the Best Actress trophy for Thompson, who was also awarded a Golden Globe and BAFTA for her performance. Reflecting on the role, The New York Times writes that the actress "found herself an international success almost overnight".For her next two films, Thompson returned to working with Branagh. In Peter's Friends (1992), the pair starred with Stephen Fry, Hugh Laurie, Imelda Staunton, and Tony Slattery as a group of Cambridge alumni who are reunited ten years after graduating. The comedy was positively reviewed,WEB, Peter's Friends,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 28 October 2013, and Desson Howe of The Washington Post wrote that Thompson was its highlight: "Even as a rather one-dimensional character, she exudes grace and an adroit sense of comic tragedy."NEWS, Peter's Friends,weblink Desson, Howe, The Washington Post, 25 December 1992, 28 October 2013, She followed this with Branagh's screen version of Much Ado About Nothing (1993). The couple starred as Beatrice and Benedick, alongside a cast that also included Denzel Washington, Keanu Reeves, and Michael Keaton. Thompson was widely praised for the on-screen chemistry with Branagh and the natural ease with which she played the roleNEWS, Much Ado About Nothing (1993),weblink Owen, Gleiberman, Entertainment Weekly, 14 May 1993, 28 October 2013, BOOK, Dlugos, J. Michael, Mr. Mikey's Video Views; Volume One,weblink 1 January 2000, Trafford Publishing, 978-1-55212-316-4, 151, marking another critical success for Thompson.WEB, Much Ado About Nothing,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 28 October 2013, Her performance earned a nomination for Best Female Lead at the Independent Spirit Awards.Thompson reunited with Merchant–Ivory and Anthony Hopkins to film The Remains of the Day (1993), a film which has been described as a "classic" and the production team's definitive film.WEB, The Remains of the Day,weblink Film4, 19 January 2014, Based on Kazuo Ishiguro's novel about a housekeeper and butler in interwar Britain, the story is acclaimed for its study of loneliness and repression, though Thompson was particularly interested in looking at "the deformity that servitude inflicts upon people", since her grandmother had worked as a servant and made many sacrifices.Thompson, Emma (24 November 2014). Interview with Boyd Hilton {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160305074533weblink |date=5 March 2016 }}. London. A Life in Pictures. BAFTA She has named the film as one of the greatest experiences of her career, considering it to be a "masterpiece of withheld emotion".NEWS, Andrew Marr interview with Emma Thompson,weblink Desson, Howe, BBC, 28 March 2010, 19 January 2014, The Remains of the Day was a critical and commercial success,WEB,weblink The Remains of the Day, Rotten Tomatoes, 19 January 2014, receiving eight Oscar nominations, including Best Picture and a second Best Actress nod for Thompson.NEWS, Fox, David J., Oscar's Favorite 'List' : The Nominations : 'Schindler's' Sweeps Up With 12 Nods : 'The Piano' and 'The Remains of the Day' both receive eight nominations; 'Fugitive,' 'In the Name of the Father' earn seven,weblink 10 March 2019, Los Angeles Times, Tribune Publishing, 10 February 1994, live,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131203080052weblink">weblink 3 December 2013, Along with her Best Actress nomination at the 66th Academy Awards, Thompson was also nominated in the Best Supporting Actress category, making her the eighth performer in history to be nominated for two Oscars in the same year.WEB, Two in One Acting,weblink Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, 14 February 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090310184100weblink">weblink 10 March 2009, It came for her role as the lawyer Gareth Peirce in In the Name of the Father (1993), a drama about the Guildford Four starring Daniel Day-Lewis. The film was her second hit of the year, earning $65{{nbsp}}million and critical praise, and was nominated for Best Picture along with The Remains of the Day.WEB,weblink In the Name of the Father, Rotten Tomatoes, 19 January 2014, WEB, In the Name of the Father,weblink Box Office Mojo, 19 January 2014,

1994–1998: Sense and Sensibility and Hollywood roles

In 1994, Thompson made her Hollywood debut playing a goofy doctor alongside Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito in the blockbuster Junior. Although the male pregnancy storyline was poorly received by most critics and flopped at the box office,WEB,weblink Junior, Rotten Tomatoes, 21 January 2014, Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle praised the lead trio.NEWS, La Salle, Mick, FILM REVIEW -- Schwarzenegger Gets Sensitive in `Junior',weblink 28 November 2015, The San Francisco Chronicle, 9 June 1995, She returned to independent cinema for a lead role in Carrington, which studied the platonic relationship between artist Dora Carrington and writer Lytton Strachey (played by Jonathan Pryce). Roger Ebert remarked that Thompson had "developed a specialty in unrequited love",NEWS, Ebert, Roger, Carrington,weblink Chicago Sun-Times, 19 January 2014, 17 November 1995, and the TV Guide Film & Video Companion commented that her "neurasthenic mannerisms, which usually drive us batty, are appropriate here".BOOK, TV Guide Film & Video Companion,weblink 2004, Barnes & Noble Books, 978-0-7607-6104-5, 146, File:Saltram House 2008.jpg|thumb|right|Saltram House which stood in for Norland Park in Sense and Sensibility (1995)]]Thompson's Academy success continued with Sense and Sensibility (1995), generally considered to be the most popular and authentic of the numerous film adaptations of Jane Austen's novels made in the 1990s.BOOK, Galperin, William H., The Historical Austen,weblink 2003, University of Pennsylvania Press, 0-8122-3687-4, 109, BOOK, Flavin, Louise, Jane Austen in the Classroom: Viewing the Novel/reading the Film,weblink 1 January 2004, Peter Lang, 978-0-8204-6811-2, 42, BOOK, Jones, Wendy S., Consensual Fictions: Women, Liberalism, and the English Novel,weblink 2005, University of Toronto Press, 978-0-8020-8717-1, 101, Thompson—a lifelong lover of Austen's work—was hired to write the film based on the period sketches in her series Thompson.NEWS,weblink Jack, Kroll, Jane Austen does lunch, The Daily Beast, 17 December 1995, 30 January 2014, She spent five years developing the screenplay,BOOK, Emma, Thompson, Sense and Sensibility: The Screenplay and Diaries, The Diaries, Bloomsbury, Lindsay, Doran, Emma, Thompson, 1995, 1-55704-782-0, 208, and took the role of the spinster sister Elinor Dashwood despite, at age 35, being 16 years older than the literary character.WEB,weblink Sense and Sensibility, Turner Classic Movies, Frank, Miller, 30 January 2014,weblink 19 August 2011, dmy, Directed by Ang Lee and co-starring Kate Winslet, Sense and Sensibility received widespread critical praise and ranks among the highest-grossing films of Thompson's career.WEB, Sense and Sensibility,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 30 January 2014, WEB, Emma Thompson,weblink Box Office Mojo, 30 January 2014, Shelly Frome remarked that she displayed a "great affinity for Jane Austen's style and wit",BOOK, Frome, Shelly, The Art and Craft of Screenwriting: Fundamentals, Methods and Advice from Insiders,weblink 27 January 2009, McFarland, 978-0-7864-8267-2, 105, and Graham Fuller of Sight and Sound saw her as the film's auteur.BOOK, Shih, Shu-mei, Visuality and Identity: Sinophone Articulations Across the Pacific,weblink 19 June 2007, University of California Press, 978-0-520-94015-4, harv, Thompson received a third nomination for Best Actress and won the award for Best Adapted Screenplay, making her the only person in history to win an Oscar for both acting and screenwriting.NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson: How Jane Austen saved me from going under, The Independent, Andrew, Johnson, 28 March 2010, 18 August 2011, She also earned a second BAFTA Award for Best Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay.Thompson was absent from screens in 1996, but returned the following year with Alan Rickman's directorial debut, The Winter Guest. Set over one day in a Scottish seaside village, the drama allowed Thompson and her mother (Phyllida Law) to play mother and daughter on screen.NEWS, The Winter Guest, Chicago Sun-Times, Roger, Ebert, 16 January 1998,weblink 1 February 2014, She then returned to America to appear in an episode of Ellen, and her self-parodying performance received a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series.Awards and Nominations: Emma Thompson {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130515045250weblink |date=15 May 2013 }}. Emmys: Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 31 January 2014.For her second Hollywood role, Thompson starred with John Travolta in Mike Nichols's Primary Colors (1998), playing a couple based on Bill and Hillary Clinton.NEWS, Primary Colors, Chicago Sun-Times, Roger, Ebert, 20 March 1998,weblink 31 January 2014, Thompson's character, Susan, is described as that of an "ambitious, long-suffering wife" who has to deal with her husband's infidelity.WEB, Alex, Tunzelmann von,weblink Primary Colors: fiction takes second place to fact, The Guardian, 29 May 2013, 27 March 2014, The film was critically well received but lost money at the box office.WEB, Primary Colors,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 31 January 2014, WEB,weblink Primary Colors, Box Office Mojo, 31 January 2014, According to Kevin O'Sullivan of the Daily Mirror, Americans were "blown away" by her performance and accent, and top Hollywood producers became increasingly interested in casting her.NEWS, O'Sullivan, Kevin,weblink Film: First Lady Steps Down for A Year; Emma Thompson Is in Demand Following Her 'Hillary Clinton' Role in Primary Colors, but She's Taking a Year off Instead, Daily Mirror, Questia Online Library, 30 October 1998, 27 March 2014, Thompson rejected many of the offers, expressing concerns about living in Los Angeles behind walls with bodyguards, and stated "LA is lovely as long as you know you can leave". She also admitted to feeling tired and jaded with the industry at this point, which influenced her decision to leave film for a year.NEWS, Julie L., Belcove,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140611091212weblink">weblink dead, 11 June 2014, TRUE WIT (interview with actress Emma Thompson), WWD, HighBeam Research, subscription, 16 March 2001, 27 March 2014, Thompson followed Primary Colors by playing an FBI agent opposite Rickman in the poorly received thriller Judas Kiss (1998).WEB, Judas Kiss,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 1 February 2014,

2000s: Smaller roles

File:EmmaThompson05.jpg|thumb|left|Thompson at the London premiere of Nanny McPheeNanny McPheeWhen she became a mother in 1999, Thompson made a conscious decision to reduce her workload, and in the following years many of her appearances were supporting roles.NEWS, Jeff, Simon,weblinkweblink" title="archive.today/20140313185754weblink">weblink dead, 13 March 2014, THE IoS PROFILE: Emma Thompson, The Independent on Sunday, HighBeam Research, subscription, 8 February 2004, 13 March 2014, She was not seen on screen again until 2000, with only a small part in the British comedy Maybe Baby, which she appeared in as a favour to its director, her friend Ben Elton.WEB, Ben Elton live on our talkboards,weblink 1 February 2014, The Guardian, 30 May 2000, For the HBO television film Wit (2001), however, Thompson happily took the lead role in what she felt was "one of the best scripts to have come out of America".WEB, Kirwan, Sian, Interview with Emma Thompson,weblink BBC, 2 February 2014, August 2001, Adapted from Margaret Edson's Pulitzer Prize winning play, it focuses on a self-sufficient Harvard University professor who finds her values challenged when she is diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Thompson was instrumental in bringing Mike Nichols to direct the project, and the pair spent months in rehearsal to get the complex character right.WEB, Belcove, Julie L., True Wit,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140611091212weblink">weblink dead, 11 June 2014, WWD, Highbeam Research, subscription, 13 March 2014, 16 March 2001, She was greatly drawn to the "daredevil" role,BOOK, Klaus, Carl H., Letters to Kate: Life After Life,weblink 1 April 2006, University of Iowa Press, 978-1-58729-669-7, 110, for which she had no qualms about shaving her head.NEWS, Lyall, Sarah, For 'Wit,' Emma Thompson Supplies a Wit of Her Own,weblink 2 February 2014, The New York Times, 18 March 2001, Reviewing the performance, Roger Ebert was touched by "the way she struggles with every ounce of her humanity to keep her self-respect", and in 2008 he called it Thompson's finest work.WEB, Ebert, Roger, When a movie hurts too much,weblink Roger Ebert, 2 February 2014, 3 July 2008, Caryn James of The New York Times also described it as "one of her most brilliant performances", adding "we seem to be peering into a soul as embattled as its body."NEWS, James, Caryn, TV WEEKEND; Death, Mighty Thou Art; So Too, a Compassionate Heart,weblink 2 February 2014, The New York Times, 23 March 2001, The film earned Thompson nominations at the Golden Globes, Emmys and Screen Actors Guild Awards.Thompson's only credit of 2002 was a vocal performance in Disney's Treasure Planet, an adaptation of Treasure Island, where she voiced Captain Amelia. The animation earned far less than its large budget and was considered a "box office disaster".NEWS, Disney's Treasure Planet flops,weblink BBC, 4 February 2014, 6 December 2002, This failure was countered the following year by one of Thompson's biggest commercial successes, Richard Curtis's romantic comedy Love Actually. As part of an ensemble cast that included Liam Neeson, Keira Knightley, and Colin Firth, she played a middle-class wife who suspects her husband (played by Alan Rickman) of infidelity. The scene in which her stalwart character breaks down was described by one critic as "the best crying on screen ever", and in 2013, Thompson mentioned that she gets commended for this role more than any other.WEB, Emma Thompson: Live webchat, Wednesday 2 October, 8.15–9.15pm,weblink Mumsnet, 4 February 2014, She explained, "I've had so much bloody practice at crying in a bedroom then having to go out and be cheerful, gathering up the pieces of my heart and putting them in a drawer." Her performance received a BAFTA nomination for Best Supporting Actress.WEB, BAFTA Awards Search: Emma Thompson,weblink British Academy of Film and Television, 4 February 2014, Thompson continued with supporting roles in the 2003 drama Imagining Argentina, where she played a dissident-journalist abducted by the country's 1970s dictatorial regime. Antonio Banderas played the husband who tries to find her, in a film that most critics disliked.WEB, Imagining Argentina,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 13 March 2014, The film was booed and jeered at when it was screened at the Venice Film Festival and received a scathing article in The Guardian.BOOK, Valck, Marijke de, Film Festivals: From European Geopolitics to Global Cinephilia,weblink 2007, Amsterdam University Press, 978-90-5356-192-8, 159, Thompson had greater success that year when she worked with HBO for a second time in the acclaimed miniseries Angels in America (2003). The show, also featuring Al Pacino and Meryl Streep, dealt with the AIDS epidemic in Reagan-era America. Thompson played three roles â€“ a nurse, a homeless woman, and the title role of The Angel of America â€“ and was again nominated for an Emmy Award. In 2004, she played the eccentric Divination teacher Sybill Trelawney in the third Harry Potter film, the Prisoner of Azkaban, her character described as a "hippy chick professor who teaches fortune-telling".NEWS, Emma Thompson: English rose. Flower of Scotland. And all-round thorn in the side,weblink 10 March 2019, The Guardian, She later reprised her role in the Order of the Phoenix (2007) and the Deathly Hallows â€“ Part 2 (2011), and has called her time on the popular franchise "great fun".The year 2005 saw the release of a project Thompson had been working on for nine years. Loosely based on the Nurse Matilda stories that she read as a child, Thompson wrote the screenplay for the children's film Nanny McPhee â€“ which centres on a mysterious, unsightly nanny who must discipline a group of children. She also took the lead role, alongside Colin Firth and Angela Lansbury, in what was a highly personal project.WEB, Murray, Rebecca, Emma Thompson Talks About 'Nanny McPhee',weblink About, 8 February 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131019043226weblink">weblink 19 October 2013, dmy-all, The film was a success, taking number one at the UK box office and earning $122{{nbsp}}million worldwide.WEB, Nanny knocks Wallace off top spot,weblink The Guardian, 8 February 2014, 10 November 2005, WEB, Nanny McPhee,weblink Box Office Mojo, 8 February 2014, Commenting on Thompson's screenplay, film critic Claudia Puig wrote that its "well-worn storybook features are woven effectively into an appealing tale of youthful empowerment".NEWS, Puig, Claudia, 'Nanny McPhee' is no humble servant,weblink USA Today, 26 January 2006, 8 February 2014, The following year, Thompson appeared in the surreal American comedy–drama Stranger than Fiction, playing a novelist whose latest character (played by Will Ferrell) is a real person who hears her narration in his head. Reviews for the film were generally favourable.WEB,weblink Stranger Than Fiction, Rotten Tomatoes, 9 February 2014, File:Emma Thompson 2009.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Thompson at the premiere of Last Chance HarveyLast Chance HarveyFollowing a brief, uncredited role in the post-apocalyptic blockbuster I Am Legend (2007),NEWS, Dana, Stevens, I Am Legend, reviewed, Slate (magazine), Slate, 14 December 2007,weblink 9 February 2014, Thompson played the devoutly Catholic Lady Marchmain in a 2008 film adaptation of Brideshead Revisited. Critics were unenthusiastic about the film,WEB,weblink Brideshead Revisited, Rotten Tomatoes, 9 February 2014, but several picked Thompson out as its highlight.NEWS, Gleiberman, Owen, Brideshead Revisited (2008),weblink 9 February 2014, Entertainment Weekly, 30 July 2008, NEWS, Walker, Susan, Brideshead Revisited: A simpler version,weblink 9 February 2014, Toronto Star, 25 July 2008, Mark Kermode said "Emma Thompson is to some extent becoming the new Judi Dench, as the person who kind of comes in for 15 minutes and is brilliant ... [but then] when she goes away, the rest of the movie has a real problem living up to the wattage of her presence".WEB, Brideshead Revisited reviewed by Mark Kermode,weblink BBC 5 Live, 9 February 2014, Thompson was further acclaimed for her work in the London-based romance Last Chance Harvey (2008), where she and Dustin Hoffman played a lonely, middle-aged pair who cautiously begin a relationship. Critics praised the chemistry between the two leads, and both received Golden Globe nominations for their performances.WEB, Last Chance Harvey,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 17 February 2014, NEWS, Travers, Peter, Last Chance Harvey,weblink 17 February 2014, Rolling Stobe, 22 January 2009, Thompson's two 2009 films were both set in 1960s England, and in both she made cameo appearances: as a headmistress in the critically praised drama An EducationWEB, An Education,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 17 February 2014, and as a "tippling mother" in Richard Curtis's The Boat that Rocked.NEWS, Bradshaw, Peter, The Boat That Rocked,weblink 3 April 2009, 17 February 2014, The Guardian,

2010s: Veteran performer

Five years after the original, Thompson returned to Nanny McPhee with 2010's Nanny McPhee and the Big Bang. Her screenplay transported the story to Britain during World War II, and incorporated a new cast including Maggie Gyllenhaal. Building on the first film's success, it was another UK box office number one and the sequel was widely seen as an improvement.NEWS, McPhee makes a bang at box office,weblink BBC, 3 March 2014, 30 March 2010, WEB,weblink Nanny McPhee Returns, Rotten Tomatoes, 3 March 2014, The same year, Thompson reunited with Alan Rickman for the BBC television film The Song of Lunch, which focused on two unnamed characters meeting at a restaurant 15 years after ending their relationship.NEWS, Preston, John, The Song of Lunch, BBC Two; The Genius of British Art, C4, review,weblink 3 March 2014, The Telegraph, 8 October 2010, Thompson's performance earned her a fourth Emmy Award nomination.In 2012, Thompson made a rare appearance in a big-budget Hollywood film when she played the head Agent in Men in Black 3 â€“ a continuation of the popular sci-fi comedy franchise starring Will Smith. With a worldwide gross of $624{{nbsp}}million, MIB3 is Thompson's biggest commercial hit outside of the Harry Potter films. This mainstream success continued with the Pixar film Brave, in which Thompson voiced Elinor â€“ the Scottish queen despairing at her daughter's defiance against tradition. It was her second consecutive blockbuster release, and critics were generally kind to the film.WEB,weblink Brave, Rotten Tomatoes, 3 March 2014, Also in 2012, Thompson played Queen Elizabeth II in an episode of Playhouse Presents, which dramatised an incident in 1982 when an intruder broke into the Queen's bedroom.NEWS, Mohan, Isabel, Playhouse Presents: Walking the Dogs, Sky Arts 1, review,weblink The Telegraph, 3 March 2014, 31 May 2012, Her first film of 2013 was the fantasy romance Beautiful Creatures, in which she played an evil mother. The film aimed to capitalise on the success of The Twilight Saga, but was poorly reviewed and a box office disappointment.WEB,weblink Beautiful Creatures, Rotten Tomatoes, 3 March 2014, NEWS, Dorothy, Pomerantz, 20 August 2013, 'The Mortal Instruments' Is Not The Next 'Hunger Games.' So What Is?,weblink 3 March 2014, Forbes, Film critic Peter Travers was critical of Thompson's performance and "outrageously awful Southern accent", and feared "the damage this crock may do to [her] reputation".NEWS, Travers, Peter, Beautiful Creatures,weblink 3 March 2014, Rolling Stone, 14 February 2013, File:Emma Thompson at 2013 TIFF 2.jpg|thumb|upright|Thompson at the premiere of The Love PunchThe Love PunchConversely, her next appearance was so successful that it led one journalist to write "Emma Thompson is back, firing on all cylinders." Saving Mr. Banks depicted the making of Mary Poppins, and starred Thompson as P. L. Travers, curmudgeonly author of the source novel, and Tom Hanks as Walt Disney. The actress considered it to be the best script she had read in years and was delighted to be offered the role. She considered it to be the most challenging of her career because she had "never really played anyone quite so contradictory or difficult before", but found the inconsistent and complicated character "a blissful joy to embody".NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140611102214weblink">weblink dead, 11 June 2014, Not-So-Cheery Disposition: Emma Thompson On Poppins' Cranky Creator, NPR Fresh Air, HighBeam Research, subscription, 9 January 2014, 27 March 2014, The film was well-received, grossed $112{{nbsp}}million worldwide, and Thompson's performance garnered critical acclaim.WEB,weblink Saving Mr. Banks (2013), Rotten Tomatoes, 11 March 2014, WEB,weblink Saving Mr. Banks (2013), Box Office Mojo, 11 March 2014, NEWS, Walsh, John, Emma Thompson: Nanny knows best â€“ especially when it comes to picking parts,weblink The Independent, 11 March 2014, 25 October 2013, The review in The Independent expressed thanks that her "playing of Travers is so deft that we instantly warm to her, and forgive her her snobbery",NEWS, Phelan, Laurence, Film review: Saving Mr Banks (PG),weblink The Independent, 11 March 2014, 29 November 2013, while Total Film's critic felt that Thompson brought depth to the "predictable" film with "her best performance in years".NEWS, Bradshaw, Paul, Saving Mr Banks,weblink Total Film, 11 March 2014, 25 November 2013, Thompson was nominated for Best Actress at the BAFTAs, SAGs and Golden Globes, and received the Lead Actress trophy from the National Board of Review. Her Angels in America co-star Meryl Streep stated that she was "shocked" over Thompson's failure to receive an Academy Award nomination for the film.WEB, Beaumont-Thomas, Ben,weblink Meryl Streep 'shocked' at Emma Thompson Oscar snub, The Guardian, 21 January 2014, 27 March 2014, The romantic-comedy The Love Punch (2013) gave Thompson her second consecutive leading role, where she and Pierce Brosnan played a divorced couple who reunite to steal his ex-boss's jewellery.NEWS,weblink The Love Punch: Toronto 2013 â€“ first look review, The Guardian, 6 September 2013, 13 March 2014, Henry, Barnes, In March 2014, she made her first stage appearance in 24 years â€“ and her New York debut â€“ in a Lincoln Center production of (Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street). She appeared in the musical for five nights, and her "playful" performance of Mrs Lovett was highly praised; the critic Kayla Epstein wrote that she "not only held her own against more experienced vocalists, but wound up running off with the show".NEWS, Brown, Mark, Emma Thompson makes acclaimed New York debut in Sweeney Todd,weblink 11 March 2014, The Guardian, 6 March 2014, She received her sixth Emmy nomination for the televised version of the show.WEB, Emma Thompson,weblink Emmys, 11 September 2015, In 2014, Thompson provided the narration for Jason Reitman's film Men, Women & Children,WEB,weblink Production Begins on Jason Reitman's MEN, WOMEN & CHILDREN Starring Adam Sandler and Rosemarie Dewitt; Full Cast Revealed, Collider, 13 March 2014, Adam, Chitwood, The period drama Effie Gray, a project that she had been working on for many years, based on the true-life story of John Ruskin's disastrous marriage, was written by Thompson but became the subject of a copyright suit before being cleared for cinemas. The American playwright Gregory Murphy said that Thompson's screenplay was an infringement on his play and screenplay The Countess, which he claimed he had submitted to Thompson through a mutual friend in 2003 to consider the role of Elizabeth Eastlake in a proposed film of his play, and to Thompson's husband Greg Wise through a casting director to consider the role of John Ruskin in the play's 2005 West End production.NEWS,weblink Actress Emma Thompson is accused over failed marriage tale, Richard, Eden, 10 April 2011, The Telegraph, In 2008, Thompson announced that she and Wise "had written a script together about John Ruskin, the Victorian art critic, which we want to make into a film."NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson and Greg Wise's portrait of a passionless marriage, Richard, Eden, 4 October 2008, The Telegraph, After meeting with Thompson and her producers, Potboiler Productions, Murphy was offered a screenwriting fee and co-screenwriting credit with Thompson in settlement of his claim.NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson and Greg Wise’s portrait of a passionless marriage, Eden, Richard, 4 October 2008, The Telegraph, This settlement offer was later abandoned by Thompson, Greg Wise and their partner Donald Rosenfeld, when their company Sovereign Films took over production of the film and instigated the suit, creating the independent entity Effie Film, LLC, spearheaded by Rosenfeld, to litigate it.NEWS,weblink Emma sues to protect movie, PageSix.com Staff, 14 May 2011, 23 July 2017, New York Post, NEWS,weblinkweblink Making play for judge's blessing, PageSix.com Staff, 25 December 2011, 14 November 2018, New York Post, In March 2013, District Court Judge Thomas P. Griesa, after allowing Thompson to submit a second revised screenplay into evidence from which Murphy claimed "some of the most troubling material" had been removed,NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson wins John Ruskin legal battle, Richard, Eden, 24 March 2013, The Telegraph, ruled that while there were similarities, the screenplays were "quite dissimilar in their two approaches to fictionalising the same historical events".NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson's Effie cleared for release after winning second lawsuit, Ben, Child, The Guardian, 21 March 2013, 27 March 2014, {{citation |url=http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/new-york/nysdce/1:2011cv00783/374801/42/ |title=Effie Film, LLC v. Murphy, No. 1:2011cv00783 - Document 42 (S.D.N.Y. 2013)}} In response to Murphy's attorney's concerns that the completed film Effie Gray would not adhere to Thompson's second revised screenplay, Judge Griesa concluded his ruling by saying that Thompson's film would not infringe Murphy's play or screenplay "only to the extent that it does not substantially deviate from the November 29, 2011 screenplay," the date of Thompson's second revised screenplay.{{citation |url=http://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/new-york/nysdce/1:2011cv00783/374801/42/ |title=Effie Film, LLC v. Murphy, No. 1:2011cv00783 - Document 42 (S.D.N.Y. 2013)}} In May 2013, Effie Gray's Cannes Film Festival premiere was cancelled. In October 2013, the film was withdrawn from the Mill Valley Film Festival in California due to "unforeseen circumstances" according to producer Rosenfeld.WEB,weblink Award-winning film 'Oh Boy' will replace 'Effie Gray', 14 October 2013, Mill Valley Film Festival, NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson’s film about Effie Gray is withdrawn from film festival, Walker, Tim, 15 October 2013, The Telegraph, In December 2013, Thompson said of the still unreleased Effie Gray that its "time has probably passed," comparing it to another project of hers that "didn't happen either."NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson on her role in Saving Mr Banks, Siobhan, Synnot, 3 December 2013, The Scotsman, Effie Gray was released in October 2014, to a modest reception.WEB, Effie Gray,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 17 December 2014, Thompson plays Elizabeth Eastlake and Greg Wise plays John Ruskin. They both declined to promote the film.NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson declines to plug her new film Effie Gray, Tim, Walker, 7 October 2014, The Telegraph, NEWS,weblink Josh Hartnett is Tamsin Egerton’s personal tutor, Walker, Tim, 8 October 2014, The Telegraph, Camilla Long reviewing Effie Gray in The Sunday Times wrote "nothing fits together" and "no one seems to know why they made this film. Where is Thompson's passion and commitment, or any hint of what she intended to achieve."NEWS,weblink Effie Gray and '71, Camilla, Long, 12 October 2014, The Times, Manohla Dargis in her review in The New York Times called Effie Gray "The cinematic equivalent of a Brazilian wax, the movie omits much of the story's most interesting material to create something that's been smoothly denatured."NEWS,weblink Review: Effie Gray' Stars Dakota Fanning as a Rejected Wife, Manhola, Dargis, 2 April 2015, The New York Times, File:Cannes 2017 19.jpg|thumb|left|Promoting The Meyerowitz Stories at Cannes 2017Cannes 2017Thompson's first film of 2015 was A Walk in the Woods, a comedy adapted from the book by Bill Bryson, where she appeared opposite Robert Redford and Nick Nolte. She next starred with Robert Carlyle in his directoral debut The Legend of Barney Thomson. Her role was his 77-year-old mother, a Glaswegian foul-mouthed, chain-smoking former prostitute. Neither film was a critical success, although the latter received some positive reviews and Empire magazine wrote that Thomson was "unforgettable".WEB, A Walk in the Woods,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 11 September 2015, WEB, The Legend on Barney Thompson,weblink Rotten Tomatoes, 11 September 2015, WEB, The Legend on Barney Thompson,weblink Empire, 11 September 2015, Later that year, she had a supporting role in John Wells' restaurant-based film Burnt, alongside Bradley Cooper. In 2016, she starred with Brendan Gleeson in the World War II-drama Alone in Berlin, based on the story of Otto and Elise Hampel. She also co-wrote the screenplay for Bridget Jones's Baby and appeared in the film as a doctor.In 2017, Thompson appeared as Mrs. Potts (played by Angela Lansbury in the 1991 animated film) in Disney's live-action adaptation of Beauty and the Beast, directed by Bill Condon and starring her Harry Potter co-star Emma Watson in the lead role.NEWS, Ford, Rebecca, Disney's Live-Action 'Beauty and the Beast' Gets Release Date,weblink 16 March 2015, The Hollywood Reporter, 16 March 2015, It grossed $1.2{{nbsp}}billion worldwide, making it the 15th highest-grossing film of all time. She also had a supporting role as a hippy in Noah Baumbach's dramedy The Meyerowitz Stories, which played in competition at Cannes and received critical acclaim.WEB, The Meyerowitz Stories (2017),weblink Rotten Tomatoes, She followed it with a starring role in the Richard Eyre film The Children Act, a drama about a family who refuse cancer treatment for their son based on religious beliefs.She had a cameo role as Queen Elizabeth I in the 2017 Christmas special of the BBC sitcom Upstart Crow. In 2018, she provided the voiceover for Greenpeace's palm-oil awareness commercial which Iceland picked to promote as their 2018 Christmas advertisement. The commercial was rejected by the advertising organization Clearcast due to Greenpeace's alleged involvement in politics, thus violating their code of conduct.NEWS, Iceland Christmas advert banned for being too political,weblink 28 November 2018, The Telegraph, 9 November 2018, WEB,weblink Clearcast clarifies Iceland palm oil Christmas TV ad ban ‘misunderstanding’, The Drum, en, 2019-05-02, In 2019, she reprised her role as Agent O in a more substantial part in (Men in Black: International).

Reception and acting style

Thompson is widely regarded as one of the most accomplished actresses of her generationBOOK, Ingersoll, Earl G., Filming Forster: The Challenges of Adapting E.M. Forster's Novels for the Screen,weblink 16 February 2012, Lexington Books, 978-1-61147-518-0, 242, WEB, Sarah, Sands,weblink Sarah Sands: Emma Thompson is the true lady of Brideshead, The Independent, 23 October 2011, 27 March 2014, and one of the UK's best-known actresses, accepted in Hollywood.NEWS, David, Gritten,weblink Emma Thompson: Why I despair of pressure to be model-thin, The Telegraph, 23 November 2013, 27 March 2014, WEB,weblink Why Are They Famous?: Emma Thompson, The Independent, 23 October 2011, 27 March 2014, Early in her career, when she was closely associated with her first husband Kenneth Branagh, she was somewhat unpopular and considered a "(wikt:luvvy|luvvy)". The public warmed to her after the separation, and she became one of the key actresses of the 1990s.WEB,weblink The Best Actress of the 1990s: Emma Thompson, Yahoo!, 20 April 2007, 30 March 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140407104925weblink">weblink 7 April 2014, Her status has continued to grow; in 2008, journalist Sarah Sands stated that Thompson has improved with age and experience, and Mark Kermode said of her performances, "There is something about her which is â€” you just trust her. You just think 'I'm in proper hands here.' ... She's up there with the great, I mean really great, British female performers".Thompson is particularly known for playing reticent women,WEB,weblink Interview with Emma Thompson, Reader's Digest (South Africa), 18 December 2009, 30 March 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130926095914weblink">weblink 26 September 2013, and Sands describes her as "the best actress of our times on suffering borne with poignant dignity". According to Kate Kellaway of The Guardian, she specialises in playing "a good woman in a frock".WEB,weblink Warts'n'all, The Guardian, 16 October 2005, 30 March 2014, She also plays many haughty characters, with a "bracing, nanny-like demeanour",NEWS, Vanessa, Thorpe,weblink Emma Thompson: the A-lister who sets her own rules, The Observer, Guardian Media Group, 22 March 2014, 27 March 2014, but she is noted for her ability to win the empathy of audiences. Thompson belongs to a group of highly decorated British actresses including Judi Dench, Kate Winslet and Helena Bonham Carter who are known for appearing in "heritage films" and typically showing "restraint, rendering emotions through intellect rather than feelings, and a sense of irony, which demonstrates the heroine's superior understanding".BOOK, Hollinger, Karen, The Actress: Hollywood Acting and the Female Star,weblink 2006, Taylor & Francis, 978-0-415-97792-0, 62, BOOK, Mazierska, Ewa, Polish Postcommunist Cinema: From Pavement Level,weblink 2007, Peter Lang, 978-3-03910-529-8, 85, Projecting a typically "British image", Thompson's often dogmatic and tight-jawed manner has also been compared to Maggie Smith.With a background in comedy, Thompson's performances are typically delivered with an ironic touch. Ang Lee, director of Sense and Sensibility stated that Thompson's comedic approach may be her greatest asset as an actress, remarking, "Emma is an extremely funny lady. Like Austen, she's laughing at her own culture while she's a part of it."NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140611100655weblink">weblink dead, 11 June 2014, Matthew, Gilbert, Emma and sensibility Thompson, says the director of her Jane Austen adaptation, "is an extremely funny lady. Like Austen, she's laughing at her own culture while she's a part of it.", The Boston Globe, HighBeam Research, subscription, 10 December 1995, 27 March 2014, Thompson has stated that the "most moving things are often also funny, in life and in art" which is present in her film work. She often brings her real personality to her roles, and Kellaway believes that her lack of conventional beauty contributes to her likeability as an actress.{{Reflist|group=note}}

Personal life

File:Greg Wise.jpg|thumb|upright|Thompson's husband, Greg Wise, whom she met while filming Sense and Sensibility]]Thompson, although born in London, has stated she feels Scottish: "not only because I am half Scottish but also because I've spent half my life here".NEWS, Rick, Fulton,weblink IT'S NANNY McME, Daily Record, Glasgow, Questia Online Library, subscription, 12 October 2005, 27 March 2014, She frequently returns to Scotland and visits Dunoon in Argyll and Bute, where she owns a home.Thompson's first husband was the actor and director Kenneth Branagh, whom she met in 1987 while filming the television series Fortunes of War.NEWS, One Pooped Pair,weblink Lydia, Denworth, 16 October 1995, People, 21 September 2013, The couple married in 1989 and proceeded to appear in several films together, with Branagh often casting her in his own productions.NEWS, Arise Sir Ken: Kenneth Branagh profiled,weblink 16 June 2012, BBC, 21 September 2013, Dubbed a "golden couple" by the British media, the relationship received considerable press interest. The pair attempted to keep their relationship private, refusing to be interviewed or photographed together.NEWS, Kenneth Branagh Emma Thompson,weblink Lisa, Schwarzbaum, 25 June 1993, Entertainment Weekly, 21 September 2013, In September 1995, Thompson and Branagh announced that they had separated; their statement to the press blamed their work schedules, but it later emerged that he had fallen in love with actress Helena Bonham Carter.NEWS, Emma Thompson Talks Kenneth Branagh's Alleged Affair With Helena Bonham Carter,weblink 4 December 2015, HuffPost, 12 November 2013, Thompson was living alone as the relationship with Branagh deteriorated, and entered into clinical depression. While filming Sense and Sensibility in 1995, she began a relationship with her co-star Greg Wise. Commenting on how she was able to overcome her depression, she told BBC Radio 4, "Work saved me and Greg saved me. He picked up the pieces and put them together again." The couple had a daughter, Gaia, a pregnancy that was achieved through IVF treatment when Thompson was 39.In 2003, Thompson and Wise were married in Dunoon.NEWS,weblink Scottish independence: Emma Thompson attacks separation, Simon, Johnson, The Telegraph, 7 August 2012, 21 September 2013, The family's permanent residence is in West Hampstead, London, on the same road as her childhood home. Also in 2003, Thompson and her husband informally adopted a Rwandan orphan and former child soldier named Tindyebwa Agaba. They met at a Refugee Council event when he was 16, and she invited him to spend Christmas at their home. "Slowly", Thompson has commented, "he became a sort of permanent fixture, came on holiday to Scotland with us, became part of the family."NEWS,weblink Emma Thompson and her 'adopted' son meet Nelson Mandela, Anita, Singh, The Telegraph, 26 June 2008, 21 September 2013, Agaba became a British citizen in 2009.NEWS,weblink Interview with Emma Thompson, Reader's Digest, 18 December 2009, 21 September 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130926095914weblink">weblink 26 September 2013, dmy-all,

Views and activism

File:Emma thompson world economic forum crop.jpg|thumb|left|Thompson (far left and on screen) speaking at the World Economic ForumWorld Economic ForumThompson has said of her religious views:}}She is politically liberal and a supporter of the Labour Party; she told the BBC Andrew Marr Show in 2010 that she had been a member of the party "all my life".NEWS,weblink Andrew Marr show interview, 30 March 2010, BBC News, 28 March 2010, Thompson endorsed Jeremy Corbyn's campaign in both the 2015NEWS, Sabey, Ryan,weblink Oscar-winner Emma Thompson backs Corbyn, The Sun (United Kingdom), The Sun, 3 September 2015, 15 July 2017, and 2016 Labour Party leadership elections.NEWS, McCrum, Robert, Robert McCrum,weblink Emma Thompson: English rose. Flower of Scotland. And all-round thorn in the side, The Guardian, 21 September 2016, 15 November 2016, She has also expressed support for the Women's Equality Party.NEWS, Thompson, Emma, Letters: Emma Thompson 'I do not want to die before closing the pay gap',weblink The Guardian, 2 May 2016, 4 May 2016, Thompson has been a campaigner since her youth. Since becoming a public figure she has regularly voiced her views and been involved in many issues, prompting criticism that she is overly outspoken. In 2010, The Daily Telegraph asked: "Emma Thompson: a national treasure or Britain's most annoying woman?"NEWS, Emma Thompson: a national treasure or Britain's most annoying woman?,weblink 3 December 2015, The Daily Telegraph, 21 August 2010, She has justified her assertiveness by saying, "what I feel is that we all need to speak up and a woman who has got a louder voice needs to shout very loudly indeed."NEWS, Emma Thompson: Doth the lady protest too much?,weblink 3 December 2015, The Independent, 23 October 2011, She is particularly active in human rights work. As an ambassador for the charity ActionAid she has travelled to Uganda, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Liberia, Burma and South Africa.NEWS,weblink A message from Emma Thompson, ActionAid UK, 20 April 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120508214609weblink">weblink 8 May 2012, dmy-all, She is chair of the Helen Bamber Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture,NEWS, Emma Thompson,weblink 3 December 2015, The Guardian, 8 March 2011, a patron of the Refugee Council,NEWS, Patrons,weblink 3 December 2015, Refugee Council, and has a therapy room in her office for traumatised refugees. Thompson is also an activist for Palestinians, having been a member of the British-based ENOUGH! coalition that seeks to end the "Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and West Bank".WEB,weblink Emma Thompson bids for Palestinian Rights, Electronicintifada.net, 23 February 2011, She is a patron of the Elton John AIDS Foundation,WEB,weblink Our Patrons, Elton John AIDS Foundation, 27 March 2014, and in 2009 Time named her a "European Hero" in recognition of "her work to highlight the plight of AIDS sufferers in Africa".Thompson is also an active environmentalist. She is a supporter of Greenpeace, and in January 2009, as part of her campaign against climate change, she and three other members of the organisation bought land near the village of Sipson to deter the building of a third runway for Heathrow Airport.NEWS,weblink Protesters buy up Heathrow land, BBC News, London, 13 January 2009, 18 January 2009, In August 2014, Thompson and her daughter, Gaia, went on a Greenpeace "Save the Arctic" expedition to raise awareness of the dangers of drilling for oil.WEB,weblink Emma Thompson: 'It's a different patch of life, your 50s', The Guardian, 13 September 2014, Emma, Brockes, 26 September 2014, She narrated The Real News Network's (The Doubt Machine: Inside the Koch Brothers' War on Climate Science), a documentary short about Koch Industries and its efforts to discredit climate research.WEB,weblink The Doubt Machine: Inside the Koch Brothers' War on Climate Science, The Real News Network, 2 November 2016, The film was released on 31 October 2016. In 2019, she supported the London Extinction Rebellion rally against climate change, although she received some criticism for having flown {{Convert|5400|mi|km|abbr=|order=flip}} to attend it.“Emma Thompson flew 5,400 miles to join climate change protest”. Metro. 19 April 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019 She is also an ambassador for the Galapagos Conservation Trust.WEB,weblink Galapagos Conservation Trust, Ambassadors, 23 December 2014,

Books

(File:Emma Thompson (2008).jpg|thumb|Thompson with the award she was given during the "Presentation of the Crystal Award" at the Annual Meeting 2008 of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland in January 2008)In 2012, Thompson wrote The Further Tale of Peter RabbitWEB,weblink Emma Thompson revives anarchist Peter Rabbit, NPR, 27 March 2014, WEB,weblink The Further Tale of Peter Rabbit, Official website of the Peter Rabbit series, Frederick Warne & Co, 27 March 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140326074523weblink">weblink 26 March 2014, dmy-all, as an addition to the Peter Rabbit series by Beatrix Potter to commemorate the 110th anniversary of the publication of The Tale of Peter Rabbit. She was approached by the publishers to write it, the first authorised Peter story since 1930 and the only one not written by Potter. The book falls in the middle of the earlier series, rather than at the end, and takes Peter Rabbit outside of Mr. McGregor's garden and into Scotland. It was a New York Times Best Seller.WEB, The Christmas Tale of Peter Rabbit,weblink Waterstones, 1 February 2014, In 2013, Thompson wrote a second book in the series titled The Christmas Tale of Peter Rabbit.

Filmography

Awards and honours

Thompson was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2018 Birthday Honours for services to drama.

Notes

{{notelist}}

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

Further reading

  • BOOK, Hewison, Robert, Robert Hewison, Footlights! A Hundred Years of Cambridge Comedy, Methuen, London, 1984, 0-413-56050-3,
  • BOOK, Branagh, Kenneth, Kenneth Branagh, Beginning, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1989, 0-312-05822-5,
  • BOOK, Shuttleworth, Ian, Ian Shuttleworth, Ken and Em, Headline Book Publishing, London, 1994, 0-7472-1225-2,
  • BOOK, Nickson, Chris, Chris Nickson, Emma: The Many Facets of Emma Thompson, Taylor Publishing, 1997, 0-87833-965-5,weblink

External links

{{Commons category|Emma Thompson}}
  • {{IMDb name|668}}
  • {{screenonline name|id=476881}}
  • {{TCMDb name}}
  • {{Rotten Tomatoes person|emma_thompson|Emma Thompson}}
  • {{Mojo name|emmathompson|Emma Thompson}}
  • {{AllMovie name|70692}}
{{NavboxesList of awards and nominations received by Emma Thompson>Awards for Emma Thompson|list ={{Academy Award Best Actress}}{{Academy Award Best Adapted Screenplay}}{{BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role}}{{British Academy Television Award for Best Actress}}{{Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress}}{{Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Screenplay}}{{David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress}}{{EmmyAward ComedyGuestActress}}{{Empire Award for Best Actress}}{{Golden Globe Award Best Actress Motion Picture Drama}}{{Golden Globe Award Best Screenplay}}{{London Film Critics Circle Award for British Supporting Actress of the Year}}{{Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress}}{{National Board of Review Award for Best Actress}}{{National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress}}{{New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress}}{{The Richard Harris Award}}{{Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay}}}}{{Authority control}}

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