SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Emanuel Leutze

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Emanuel Leutze
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{Short description|German-American painter}}







factoids
Schwäbisch Gmünd, Kingdom of Württemberg>Württemberg, German Confederation1868185}}| death_place = Washington, D.C., U.S.| nationality = German AmericanHistory painting>History painter| training = John Rubens SmithKarl Friedrich Lessing| movement = | works = | patrons = | influenced by =| influenced =| awards = Glenwood Cemetery (Washington, D.C.)>Glenwood Cemetery}}Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze (May 24, 1816{{spaced ndash}}July 18, 1868) was a German American history painter best known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting.

Biography

Leutze was born in Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemberg, Germany, and was brought to the United States as a child.BOOK, Marter, Joan M., The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art,weblink 2011, Oxford University Press, 978-0-19-533579-8, 144, His parents settled first in Fredericksburg, Virginia, and then at Philadelphia. The first development of his artistic talent occurred while he was attending the sickbed of his father, when he attempted drawing to occupy the long hours of waiting.APPLETONS', Leutze, Emanuel, 1892, His father died in 1831.BOOK, Witthoft, Brucia, American Artists in Düsseldorf: 1840–1865, Framingham, Massachusetts, Danforth Museum, 1982, 14, 32,weblink etal, At 14, he was painting portraits for $5 apiece. Through such work, he supported himself after the death of his father.ADB, 18, 500, 502, Leutze, Emanuel, Moritz Blanckarts, ADB:Leutze, Emanuel, In 1834, he received his first instruction in art in classes of John Rubens Smith,ANB, Groseclose, Barbara, Leutze, Emanuel Gottlieb, a portrait painter in Philadelphia. He soon became skilled, and promoted a plan for publishing, in Washington, portraits of eminent American statesmen; however, he met with but slight encouragement.

Europe

In 1840, one of his paintings attracted attention and procured him several orders, which enabled him to go to the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf. Due to his anti-academic attitude, he studied only one year at the academy (in the class of Director Schadow). Mainly Leutze was affected by the painter Lessing.Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter: Düsseldorfer Künstler aus den letzten fünfundzwanzig Jahren. 1854, S. 139. In 1842 he went to Munich, studying the works of Cornelius and Kaulbach, and, while there, finished his Columbus before the Queen. The following year he visited Venice and Rome, making studies from Titian and Michelangelo. His first work, Columbus before the Council of Salamanca was purchased by the Düsseldorf Art Union. A companion picture, Columbus in Chains, procured him the gold medal of the Brussels Art Exhibition, and was subsequently purchased by the Art Union in New York; it was the basis of the 1893 $2 Columbian Issue stamp. In 1845, after a tour in Italy, he returned to Düsseldorf, marrying Juliane Lottner and making his home there for 14 years.During his years in Düsseldorf, he was a resource for visiting Americans: he found them places to live and work, provided introductions, and emotional and even financial support. For many years, he was the president of the Düsseldorf Artists' Association; in 1848, he was an early promoter of the "Malkasten" art association; and in 1857, he led the call for a gathering of artists which led to the founding of the Allgemeine deutsche Kunstgenossenschaft.
missing image!
- Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze, MMA-NYC, 1851.jpg -
Washington Crossing the Delaware (1851) {{efn|According to one art critic. minor historical inaccuracies in Leutze's painting include the Betsy Ross flag, which was created about one year after the event; soldiers used a different type of boat for the crossing; and Washington is depicted older than he was at the time of the crossing at age 44. The soldiers' uniforms are accurately depicted, and the painting correctly conveys colonial unity and pride.{{sfn|Parrish|2014}}  The official United States flag was adopted by Congress on June 14, 1777.{hide}sfn|Preble|1880|p=259{edih
Betsy Ross flagA strong supporter of Europe's Revolutions of 1848, Leutze decided to paint an image that would encourage Europe's liberal reformers with the example of the American Revolution. Using American tourists and art students as models and assistants, Leutze finished a first version of Washington Crossing the Delaware in 1850. Just after it was completed, the first version was damaged by fire in his studio, subsequently restored, and acquired by the Kunsthalle Bremen. On September 5, 1942, during World War II, it was destroyed in a bombing raid by the Allied forces. The second painting, a replica of the first, only larger, was ordered 1850 by the Parisian art trader Adolphe Goupil for his New York branch and placed on exhibition on Broadway in October 1851.Barratt, Carrie Rebora (2011). Washington Crossing the Delaware. Restoring an American Masterpiece. MET publications. S. 7.
It is owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. In 1854, Leutze finished his depiction of the Battle of Monmouth, "Washington rallying the troops at Monmouth," commissioned by an important Leutze patron, banker David Leavitt of New York City and Great Barrington, Massachusetts."Washington at Monmouth," American Heritage Magazine, June 1965, AmericanHeritage.com {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080608192951weblink |date=2008-06-08 }}

New York City and Washington, D.C.

(File:Emanuel Leutze grave - Glenwood Cemetery - 2014-09-14.jpg|thumb|left|upright=.8|Grave of Emanuel Leutze at Glenwood Cemetery.)In 1859, Leutze returned to the United States and opened a studio in New York City. He divided his time between New York City and Washington, D.C.DAB, Downes, William Howe, Leutze, Emanuel, 1933, In 1859, he painted a portrait of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney which hangs in the Harvard Law School. In a 1992 opinion, Justice Antonin Scalia described the portrait of Taney, made two years after Taney's infamous decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford, as showing Taney "in black, sitting in a shadowed red armchair, left hand resting upon a pad of paper in his lap, right hand hanging limply, almost lifelessly, beside the inner arm of the chair. He sits facing the viewer and staring straight out. There seems to be on his face, and in his deep-set eyes, an expression of profound sadness and disillusionment."Leutze also executed other portraits, including one of fellow painter William Morris Hunt. That portrait was owned by Hunt's brother Leavitt Hunt, a New York attorney and sometime Vermont resident, and was shown at an exhibition devoted to William Morris Hunt's work at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in 1878.Exhibition of the Works of William Morris Hunt, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, John C. Dalton, Alfred Mudge & Son, Boston, 1879In 1860 Leutze was commissioned by the U.S. Congress to decorate a stairway in the Capitol Building in Washington, DC, for which he painted a large composition, Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, which is also commonly known as Westward Ho!.Late in life, he became a member of the National Academy of Design. He was also a member of the Union League Club of New York, which has a number of his paintings. At age 52, he died in Washington, D.C. of heatstroke. He was interred at Glenwood Cemetery.BOOK, Heiderstadt, Dorothy, Painters of America, New York, D. McKay Co., 1970, 88, At the time of his death, a painting, The Emancipation of the Slaves, was in preparation.Leutze's portraits are known less for their artistic quality than for their patriotic emotionalism. Washington Crossing the Delaware firmly ranks among the American national iconography, and is thus often caricatured.{{clear}}

Gallery of works

File:Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze - Columbus Before the Queen.JPG|Columbus before the Queen (1843)File:Emanuel Leutze - Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way - Capitol.jpg|Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (1860)File:Mrs. Schuyler Burning Her Wheat Fields on the Approach of the British.jpg|Mrs. Schuyler Burning Her Wheat Fields on the Approach of the BritishImage:BattleofMonmouth.jpg|Washington Rallying the Troops at MonmouthFile:Alaska purchase.jpg|William H. Seward and Eduard de Stoeckl Negotiating the Alaska PurchaseBOOK, Peter M., Metcalfe, Alaska Blue Book, Tenth, 1991, Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, Alaska Department of Education, Alaska State Library, Division of State Libraries, Archives and Museums, Juneau, 227, History, State Designations and Superlatives, File:Leutze, Emanuel — Storming of the Teocalli by Cortez and His Troops — 1848.jpg|Storming of the Teocalli by Cortez and his Troops (1848)File:Worthington Whittredge in His Tenth Street Studio.jpeg|Worthington Whittredge in His Tenth Street Studio (1865)File:Emanuel Leutze William Morris Hunt.jpeg|Portrait of William Morris Hunt (ca. 1845)File:General Ambrose Burnside at Antietam by Leutze.jpg|General Ambrose Burnside at Antietam (1863)WEB, Harrington, Peter, Emanuel Leutze's Portrait of General Ambrose Burnside at Antietam,weblink Brown University Library, 8 May 2015, File:Nathaniel Hawthorne by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze.png|Nathaniel Hawthorne (1862)File:Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, Political Cartoon of the American Civil War, c. 1860s, NGA 181018.jpg|Political Cartoon of the American Civil War, c. 1860s, National Gallery of Art

Footnotes

{{notelist}}

References

{{reflist}}Additional References:
  • Wierich, Jochen. Grand Themes: Emanuel Leutze, "Washington Crossing the Delaware," and American History Painting (Penn State University Press; 2012) 240 pages; Argues that the painting was a touchstone for debates over history painting at a time of intense sectionalism.
  • BOOK, Hutton, Anne Hawkes, Portrait of Patriotism: Washington Crossing the Delaware, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, Pennsylvania, 1975, 0-8019-6418-0,
  • Irre, Heidrun. Emanuel Gottlob Leutze: Von der Rems zum Delaware, einhorn-Verlag+Druck GmbH, Schwäbisch Gmünd 2016, {{ISBN|978-3-95747-033-1}}weblink
  • New International Encyclopedia

External links

{{EB1911 poster|Leutze, Emanuel}}{{Commons category}} {{Romanticism}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Emanuel Leutze" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 1:20am EDT - Thu, Aug 22 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT