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Elie Wiesel
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factoids
|birth_place = Sighet, Kingdom of Romania20160209|30}}Manhattan, New York (state)>New York, U.S.|occupation= Author, professor, activist|alma_mater= University of Paris|subjects = The Holocaust, religion, philosophyNight (book)>Night (1960)|nationality= AmericanMarion Erster Rose2016WORK=CENTRALSYNAGOGUE.ORG, | children = 1|awards= Nobel Peace Prize (1986)Presidential Medal of Freedom Congressional Gold MedalGrand Officer of the Order of the Star of RomaniaLegion of HonourHonorary Knighthood}}Eliezer Wiesel ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|ɛ|l|i|_|ˌ|v|iː|ˈ|z|ɛ|l}}, ʾĔlîʿezer Vîzel;Recording of Elie Wiesel saying his name at TeachingBooks.netWEB,weblink NLS Other Writings: Say How, U-X, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) - Library of Congress, September 30, 1928 – July 2, 2016) was a Romanian-born American writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust survivor. He authored 57 books, written mostly in French and English, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a Jewish prisoner in the Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps.NEWS,weblink Winfrey selects Wiesel's 'Night' for book club, Associated Press, January 16, 2006, May 17, 2011, Along with writing, he was a professor of the humanities at Boston University, which created the Elie Wiesel Center for Jewish Studies in his honor. He was involved with Jewish causes and helped establish the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D. C. In his political activities, he also campaigned for victims of oppression in places like South Africa, Nicaragua, Kosovo, and Sudan. He publicly condemned the 1915 Armenian Genocide and remained a strong defender of human rights during his lifetime. He was described as "the most important Jew in America" by the Los Angeles Times.Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, at which time the Norwegian Nobel Committee called him a "messenger to mankind", stating that through his struggle to come to terms with "his own personal experience of total humiliation and of the utter contempt for humanity shown in Hitler's death camps", as well as his "practical work in the cause of peace", Wiesel had delivered a message "of peace, atonement, and human dignity" to humanity.WEB,weblink The Nobel Peace Prize for 1986: Elie Wiesel, October 14, 1986, May 17, 2011, Nobelprize.org,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080706110359weblink">weblink July 6, 2008, yes, mdy-all, He was a founding board member of the New York Human Rights Foundation and remained active throughout his life.WEB,weblink Elie Wiesl, Human Rights Foundation, July 3, 2016,weblink January 18, 2017, yes, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Human Rights Foundation Lauds OAS Discussion on Venezuela, Latin American Herald Tribune, July 3, 2016,

Early life

File:Eli wiesel house in sighet01.jpg|thumb|right|The house in which Wiesel was born in SighetSighetElie Wiesel was born in Sighet (now Sighetu Marmației), Maramureș, in the Carpathian Mountains in Romania.WEB,weblink Elie Wiesel, Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi), Petri, Liukkonen, Kuusankoski Public Library, Finland,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100107170206weblink">weblink January 7, 2010, yes, mdy-all, His parents were Sarah Feig and Shlomo Wiesel. At home, Wiesel's family spoke Yiddish most of the time, but also German, Hungarian, and Romanian.WEB,weblink The Life and Work of Wiesel, Public Broadcasting Service, August 15, 2010, 2002, WEB,weblink Elie Wiesel Biography, Academy of Achievement, August 15, 2010, October 22, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101005074258weblink">weblink October 5, 2010, mdy-all, Wiesel's mother, Sarah, was the daughter of Dodye Feig, a celebrated Vizhnitz Hasid and farmer from a nearby village. Dodye was active and trusted within the community.Wiesel's father, Shlomo, instilled a strong sense of humanism in his son, encouraging him to learn Hebrew and to read literature, whereas his mother encouraged him to study the Torah. Wiesel has said his father represented reason, while his mother Sarah promoted faith.Fine 1982:4. Wiesel was instructed that his genealogy traced back to Rabbi Schlomo, son of Yitzhak, and was a descendant of Rabbi Yeshayahu ben Abraham Horovitz ha-Levi, an author.Wiesel, Elie, and Elie Wiesel Catherine Temerson (Translator). "Rashi (Jewish Encounters)." 9780805242546. Schocken, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 27 Oct. 2016.Wiesel had three siblings—older sisters Beatrice and Hilda, and younger sister Tzipora. Beatrice and Hilda survived the war, and were re-united with Wiesel at a French orphanage. They eventually emigrated to North America, with Beatrice moving to Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Tzipora, Shlomo, and Sarah did not survive the Holocaust.

Imprisoned and orphaned during the Holocaust

File:Buchenwald Slave Laborers Liberation.jpg|thumb|right|Buchenwald concentration camp, photo taken April 16, 1945, five days after liberation of the camp. Wiesel is in the second row from the bottom, seventh from the left, next to the bunk post.WEB,weblink Elie Wiesel — Photograph, United States Holocaust Memorial MuseumUnited States Holocaust Memorial MuseumIn March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary, which extended the Holocaust into that country.{{efn|In 1940, after the Second Vienna Award, Northern Transylvania, including the town of Sighet (Máramarossziget) was returned to Hungary.}} Wiesel was 15, and he, with his family, along with the rest of the town's Jewish population, was placed in one of the two confinement ghettos set up in Máramarossziget (Sighet), the town where he had been born and raised. In May 1944, the Hungarian authorities, under German pressure, began to deport the Jewish community to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where up to 90 percent of the people were killed on arrival.Immediately after they were sent to Auschwitz, his mother and his younger sister were murdered. Wiesel and his father were selected to perform labor so long as they remained able-bodied, after which they were to be killed in the gas chambers. Wiesel and his father were later deported to the concentration camp at Buchenwald. Until that transfer, he admitted to Oprah Winfrey, his primary motivation for trying to survive Auschwitz was knowing that his father was still alive: "I knew that if I died, he would die.""Inside Auschwitz", Oprah Winfrey broadcast visit, January 2006 After they were taken to Buchenwald, his father died before the camp was liberated. In Night,WEB,weblink Night by Elie Wiesel, Aazae, October 27, 2016,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20171025095029weblink">weblink October 25, 2017, yes, Wiesel recalled the shame he felt when he heard his father being beaten and was unable to help."Elie Wiesel, Holocaust Survivor And Nobel Laureate, Dead At 87", Huffington Post, July 2, 2016NEWS,weblink The New York Times, The Story of 'Night', Rachel, Donadio, January 20, 2008, May 17, 2011, Wiesel was tattooed with inmate number "A-7713" on his left arm.WEB,weblink Eliezer Wiesel, 1986: Not caring is the worst evil, Nobel Peace Laureates, MAGAZINE, Time (magazine), TIME,weblink Author, Teacher, Witness, Kanfer, Stefan, June 24, 2001, May 17, 2011, The camp was liberated by the U.S. Third Army on April 11, 1945, when they were just prepared to be evacuated from Buchenwald.See the film Elie Wiesel Goes Home, directed by Judit Elek, narrated by William Hurt. {{ISBN|1-930545-63-0}}

Post-war career as a writer

France

After World War II ended and Wiesel was freed, he joined a transport of 1,000 child survivors of Buchenwald to Ecouis, France, where the Œuvre de secours aux enfants (OSE) had set up a rehabilitation center. Wiesel subsequently joined a smaller group of 90 to 100 boys from Orthodox homes who wanted kosher facilities and a higher level of religious observance; they were cared for in a home in Ambloy under the directorship of Judith Hemmendinger. This home was subsequently moved to Taverny and operated until 1947.BOOK,weblink The Buchenwald Child: Truth, Fiction, and Propaganda, William John, Niven, Harvard University Press, 2007, 1571133399, 49, Schmidt, Shira, and Mantaka, Bracha. "A Prince in a Castle". Ami, September 21, 2014, pp. 136-143.Afterwards, Wiesel traveled to Paris where he learned French and studied literature, philosophy and psychology at the Sorbonne. He heard lectures by philosopher Martin Buber and existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre and he spent his evenings reading works by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Franz Kafka, and Thomas Mann.By the time he was 19, he had begun working as a journalist, writing in French, while also teaching Hebrew and working as a choirmaster.BOOK, {{Google books, Bf-NNeya2IcC, yes, |title=Student Companion to Elie Wiesel |publisher=Greenwood Press |location=Westport, Conn. |first=Sanford V. |last=Sternlicht |year=2003 |page=7 |isbn=0-313-32530-8}} He wrote for Israeli and French newspapers, including Tsien in Kamf (in Yiddish).Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. Beating the Odds: A Teen Guide to 75 Superstars Who Overcame Adversity, ABC CLIO (2008) pp. 154–156In 1946, after learning of the Irgun's bombing of the King David Hotel, Wiesel made an unsuccessful attempt to join the underground Zionist movement. In 1948, he translated articles from Hebrew into Yiddish for Irgun periodicals, but never became a member of the organization.Elie Wiesel: Conversations. Elie Wiesel, Robert Franciosi. "Elie Wiesel: Conversations". University Press of Mississippi, 2002. p. 81. "Interviewer: Why after the war did you not go on to Palestine from France? Wiesel: I had no certificate. In 1946 when the Irgun blew up the King David Hotel, I decided I would like to join the underground. Very naively I went to the Jewish Agency in Paris. I got no further than the janitor who asked: "What do you want?" I said, "I would like to join the underground." He threw me out. About 1948 I was a journalist and helped one of the Yiddish underground papers with articles, but I was never a member of the underground." In 1949 he traveled to Israel as a correspondent for the French newspaper L'arche. He then was hired as Paris correspondent for the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth, subsequently becoming its roaming international correspondent.WEB, JewishVirtualLibrary.org, Elie Wiesel,weblink For ten years after the war, Wiesel refused to write about or discuss his experiences during the Holocaust. He began to reconsider his decision after a meeting with the French author François Mauriac, the 1952 Nobel Laureate in Literature who eventually became Wiesel's close friend. Mauriac was a devout Christian who had fought in the French Resistance during the war. He compared Wiesel to "Lazarus rising from the dead", and saw from Wiesel's tormented eyes, "the death of God in the soul of a child".Fine, Ellen S. Legacy of Night: The Literary Universe of Elie Wiesel, State Univ. of New York Press (1982) p. 28Wiesel, Elie. Night, Hill and Wang (2006) p. ix Mauriac persuaded him to begin writing about his harrowing experiences.Wiesel first wrote the 900-page memoir Un di velt hot geshvign (And the World Remained Silent) in Yiddish, which was published in abridged form in Buenos Aires.JOURNAL, Naomi Seidman, Elie Wiesel and the Scandal of Jewish Rage, Jewish Social Studies, 3:1, Fall 1996, 5, Wiesel rewrote a shortened version of the manuscript in French, La Nuit, in 1955. It was translated into English as Night in 1960.WEB,weblink Beneath The Cover, August 29, 2012, Elie Wiesel and the Holocaust, Andrew Grabois, February 25, 2008, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080430161253weblink">weblink April 30, 2008, mdy-all, The book sold few copies after its publication, but still attracted interest from reviewers, leading to television interviews with Wiesel and meetings with literary figures such as Saul Bellow.After its increased popularity, Night was eventually translated into 30 languages with ten million copies sold in the United States. At one point film director Orson Welles wanted to make it into a feature film, but Wiesel refused, feeling that his memoir would lose its meaning if it were told without the silences in between his words.WEB, Ravitz, Jessica,weblink Utah Local News – Salt Lake City News, Sports, Archive – The Salt Lake Tribune, Sltrib.com, May 27, 2006, May 14, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131103133816weblink">weblink November 3, 2013, mdy-all, Oprah Winfrey made it a spotlight selection for her book club in 2006.

United States

In 1955, Wiesel moved to New York as foreign correspondent for the Israel daily, Yediot Ahronot. In 1969, he married Marion Erster Rose, who was from Austria, who also translated many of his books. They had one son, Shlomo Elisha Wiesel, named after Wiesel's father.Telushkin, Joseph. "Rebbe", pp. 190–191. HarperCollins, 2014.(File:Elie Wiesel (1987) by Erling Mandelmann - 2.jpg|thumb|upright|Wiesel in 1987.)In the U.S., he went on to write over 40 books, most of them non-fiction Holocaust literature, and novels. As an author, he has been awarded a number of literary prizes and is considered among the most important in describing the Holocaust from a highly personal perspective. As a result, some historians credited Wiesel with giving the term (wikt:holocaust|Holocaust) its present meaning, although he did not feel that the word adequately described that historical event.Wiesel:1999, 18.In 1975, he co-founded the magazine Moment with writer Leonard Fein.The 1979 book and play The Trial of God are said to have been based on his real-life Auschwitz experience of witnessing three Jews who, close to death, conduct a trial against God, under the accusation that He has been oppressive of the Jewish people. Regarding his personal beliefs, Wiesel called himself an agnostic.BOOK, And the Sea Is Never Full: Memoirs, 1969–, Elie, Wiesel, 2000, Random House Digital, Inc., Some of the questions: God? 'I'm an agnostic.' A strange agnostic, fascinated by mysticism., 978-0-8052-1029-3, Wiesel also played a role in the initial success of The Painted Bird by Jerzy Kosinski by endorsing it before revelations that the book was fiction and, in the sense that it was presented as all Kosinski's true experience, a hoax.WEB, The Painted Bird [NOOK Book],weblink Barnes and Noble, September 9, 2014, BOOK, Norman G., Finkelstein, {{Google books, VrqK5VdO2i0C, 56, yes, |title=The Holocaust Industry |publisher=Verso |page=56 |isbn= }}Wiesel published two volumes of memoirs. The first, All Rivers Run to the Sea, was published in 1994 and covered his life up to the year 1969. The second, titled And the Sea is Never Full and published in 1999, covered the years from 1969 to 1999.And the Sea Is Never Full, New York Times book review, January 2, 2000

Political activism

Wiesel and his wife, Marion, started the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity in 1986. He served as chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Holocaust (later renamed the US Holocaust Memorial Council) from 1978 to 1986, spearheading the building of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.video: 2016 Presidential Tribute to Elie Wiesel, 6 minutesWEB,weblink President Clinton's and Elie Wiesel's Remarks on Bosnia Troops, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, December 13, 1995, July 2, 2016, The museum gives The Elie Wiesel Award to "internationally prominent individuals whose actions have advanced the Museum's vision of a world where people confront hatred, prevent genocide, and promote human dignity"."The Elie Wiesel Award", United States Holocaust Memorial Museum The Foundation had invested its endowment in money manager Bernard L. Madoff's investment Ponzi scheme, costing the Foundation $15 million and Wiesel and his wife much of their own personal savings.NEWS,weblink Elie Wiesel, Auschwitz Survivor and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Dies at 87, Berger, Joseph, July 2, 2016, The New York Times, 0362-4331, July 2, 2016, WEB,weblink Out Millions, Elie Wiesel Vents About Madoff, Stephanie, Strom, February 26, 2009, NYTimes.com, He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986 for speaking out against violence, repression, and racism."Elie Wiesel, Holocaust Survivor And Nobel Laureate, Dies At 87", NPR, July 2, 2016 The Norwegian Nobel Committee described Wiesel as "one of the most important spiritual leaders and guides in an age when violence, repression, and racism continue to characterize the world"."Elie Wiesel, Holocaust survivor and Nobel Peace Prize winner, dies at 87", PBS, July 2, 2016 Wiesel explained his feelings during his acceptance speech:}}He received many other prizes and honors for his work, including the Congressional Gold Medal in 1985, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence."Elie Weisel {sic}: Nobel Laureate, Author, Professor", Wharton Club of DC He was also elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1996.WEB,weblink American Academy of Arts and Letters - Current Members, July 3, 2016, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160624004136weblink">weblink June 24, 2016, mdy, File:Elie Wiesel 2009.jpg|thumb|left|Wiesel at a celebration for President Obama's inauguration in 2009]]Wiesel co-founded Moment Magazine with Leonard Fein in 1975. They founded the magazine to provide a voice for American Jews.WEB,weblink About – Moment Magazine, Moment Magazine, en-US, June 22, 2016, He was also a member of the International Advisory Board of NGO Monitor.WEB,weblink International Advisory Board Profiles: Elie Wiesel, NGO Monitor, May 17, 2011, 2011, Wiesel became a popular speaker on the subject of the Holocaust. As a political activist, he also advocated for many causes, including Israel, the plight of Soviet and Ethiopian Jews, the victims of apartheid in South Africa, Argentina's Desaparecidos, Bosnian victims of genocide in the former Yugoslavia, Nicaragua's Miskito Indians, and the Kurds."Elie Wiesel was a witness to evil and a symbol of endurance", US News & World Report, July 3, 2016"Remembering Elie Wiesel", Jewish Standard, July 7, 2016In April 1999, Wiesel delivered the speech "The Perils of Indifference" in Washington D.C., criticizing the people and countries who chose to be indifferent while the Holocaust was happening. He defined indifference as being neutral between two sides, which, in this case, amounts to overlooking the victims of the Holocaust. Throughout the speech, he expressed the view that a little bit of attention, either positive or negative, is better than no attention at all.WEB,weblink American Rhetoric: Elie Wiesel - The Perils of Indifference, Eidenmuller, Michael E., americanrhetoric.com, 2017-11-27, In 2003 he discovered and publicized the fact that at least 280,000 Romanian and Ukrainian Jews, along with other groups, were massacred in Romanian-run death camps."Hundreds pay tribute in Elie Wiesel's native Romania", AFP, July 7, 2016In 2005, he gave a speech at the opening ceremony of the new Holocaust History Museum where he said:WEB, Echoes & Reflections: Speech by Elie Wiesel - Education & E-Learning - Yad Vashem, 2018-04-17,weblink I know what people say – it is so easy. Those that were there won't agree with that statement. The statement is: it was man's inhumanity to man. NO! It was man's inhumanity to Jews! Jews were not killed because they were human beings. In the eyes of the killers they were not human beings! They were Jews!In early 2006 Wiesel accompanied Oprah Winfrey as she visited Auschwitz, a visit which was broadcast as part of The Oprah Winfrey Show.WEB,weblink Oprah and Elie Wiesel Travel to Auschwitz, January 1, 2006, May 17, 2011, oprah.com, On November 30, 2006, Wiesel received a knighthood in London in recognition of his work toward raising Holocaust education in the United Kingdom.WEB,weblink Wiesel Receives Honorary Knighthood, Cohen, Justin, TotallyJewish.com, November 30, 2006, May 17, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110606065918weblink">weblink June 6, 2011, mdy-all, In September 2006, he appeared before the UN Security Council with actor George Clooney to call attention to the humanitarian crisis in Darfur. When Wiesel died, Clooney wrote, "We had a champion who carried our pain, our guilt, and our responsibility on his shoulders for generations.""Reaction to death of Holocaust survivor, author Elie Wiesel", Associated Press, July 2, 2016In 2007, Wiesel was awarded the Dayton Literary Peace Prize's Lifetime Achievement Award.WEB,weblink Dayton awards 2007 peace prizes, Kristin, McAllister, October 15, 2007, May 17, 2011, Dayton Daily News, That same year, the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity issued a letter condemning Armenian genocide denial, a letter that was signed by 53 Nobel laureates including Wiesel. Wiesel has repeatedly called Turkey's 90-year-old campaign to downplay its actions during the Armenian genocide a double killing.WEB,weblink State of Denial: Turkey Spends Millions to Cover Up Armenian Genocide, David, Holthouse, Southern Poverty Law Center, Summer 2008, May 17, 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100120144925weblink">weblink January 20, 2010, yes, mdy-all, File:Dalai Lama and Bush welcome Elie Wiesel (2007).jpg|thumb|President George W. Bush, joined by the Dalai Lama and Wiesel, October 17, 2007, to the ceremony at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., for the presentation of the Congressional Gold MedalCongressional Gold MedalIn 2009, Wiesel criticized the Vatican for lifting the excommunication of controversial bishop Richard Williamson, a member of the Society of Saint Pius X.NEWS,weblink Elie Wiesel attacks pope over Holocaust bishop, Philip, Pullella, January 28, 2009, May 17, 2011, Reuters, In June 2009, Wiesel accompanied US President Barack Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel as they toured Buchenwald.NEWS,weblink Visiting Buchenwald, Obama speaks of the lessons of evil, June 5, 2009, CNN, May 17, 2011, Wiesel was an adviser at the Gatestone Institute.WEB,weblink Paid Notice: Deaths WIESEL, ELIE, query.nytimes.com, en, 2019-03-18, In 2010, Wiesel accepted a five-year appointment as a Distinguished Presidential Fellow at Chapman University in Orange County, California. In that role, he made a one-week visit to Chapman annually to meet with students and offer his perspective on subjects ranging from Holocaust history to religion, languages, literature, law and music.WEB, Sahagun, Louis, Wiesel offers students first-hand account of Holocaust,weblink Los Angeles Times, January 28, 2014, In July 2009, Wiesel announced his support to the minority Tamils in Sri Lanka. He said that, "Wherever minorities are being persecuted, we must raise our voices to protest ... The Tamil people are being disenfranchised and victimized by the Sri Lanka authorities. This injustice must stop. The Tamil people must be allowed to live in peace and flourish in their homeland."WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090704192819weblink">weblink yes, 2009-07-04, The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity, www.eliewieselfoundation.org, 2016-07-03, WEB,weblink Sri Lanka's victimization of Tamil people must stop - Elie Wiesel, July 3, 2016, WEB,weblink Sri Lanka's victimization of Tamil people must stop - Elie Wiesel, www.tamilguardian.com, 2016-07-03, In 2009, Wiesel returned to Hungary for his first visit since the Holocaust. During this visit, Wiesel participated in a conference at the Upper House Chamber of the Hungarian Parliament, met Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai and President László Sólyom, and made a speech to the approximately 10,000 participants of an anti-racist gathering held in Faith Hall.WEB, Quatra.Net Kft.,weblink Hungarian, Elie Wiesel Magyarországon, Stop.hu, November 10, 2009, September 13, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110721112828weblink">weblink July 21, 2011, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Magyarországra jön Elie Wiesel, Hungarian, Hetek.hu, November 13, 2009, September 13, 2010, However, in 2012, he protested against "the whitewashing" of Hungary's involvement in the Holocaust, and he gave up the Great Cross award he had received from the Hungarian government.BOOK, Patai, Raphael, The Jews of Hungary:History, Culture, Psychology, Wayne State University Press, 590, 1996, 730, 0-8143-2561-0, {{Google books, LLuPS1yVDf8C, yes, }}Reuters. Wiesel raps Hungary's Nazi past 'whitewash'. The Jerusalem Post. June 19, 2012.Wiesel was active in trying to prevent Iran from making nuclear weapons, stating that, "The words and actions of the leadership of Iran leave no doubt as to their intentions".WEB,weblink Elie Wiesel Says "Iran Must Not Be Allowed to Remain Nuclear" in Full-Page Ads in NYT, WSJ, Algemeiner Journal, December 18, 2013, June 30, 2015, He also condemned Hamas for the "use of children as human shields" during the 2014 Israel-Gaza Conflict by running an ad in several large newspapers.NEWS, Almasy, Steve, Levs, Josh, Nobel laureate Wiesel: Hamas must stop using children as human shields,weblink August 13, 2014, CNN, August 3, 2014, The Times refused to run the advertisement, saying, "The opinion being expressed is too strong, and too forcefully made, and will cause concern amongst a significant number of Times readers."NEWS, London Times refuses to run Elie Wiesel ad denouncing Hamas' human shields,weblink August 13, 2014, JTA, Haaretz, August 6, 2014, NEWS, Greenslade, Roy, The Times refuses to carry ad accusing Hamas of 'child sacrifice',weblink August 13, 2014, The Guardian, August 8, 2014, Wiesel often emphasized the Jewish connection to Jerusalem, and criticized the Obama administration for pressuring Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to halt East Jerusalem Israeli settlement construction.NEWS, Cooper, Helene, Obama Tries to Mend Fences With American Jews, New York Times, May 4, 2010,weblink WEB, Elie Wiesel: Jerusalem is Above Politics (ad also placed in 3 newspapers on April 16),weblink Arutz Sheva, April 17, 2010, May 17, 2011, He stated that "Jerusalem is above politics. It is mentioned more than six hundred times in Scripture—and not a single time in the Koran ... It belongs to the Jewish people and is much more than a city{{nbsp}}..."WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150815025625weblink">weblink yes, August 15, 2015, For Jerusalem, The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity, May 17, 2011, {{Citation|url=http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2010/05/tension-i-think-is-gone-elie-wiesel-says-of-us-and-israel/ |title='Tension, I Think, is Gone', Elie Wiesel Says of U.S. and Israel |work=Political Punch |publisher=ABC News |date=May 4, 2010 |deadurl=unfit |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141216003036weblink |archivedate=December 16, 2014 }}

Teaching

File:Elie Wiesel 2008.jpg|thumb|Wiesel at the 2008 World Economic ForumWorld Economic ForumWiesel was particularly fond of teaching and held the position of Andrew Mellon Professor of the Humanities at Boston University since 1976,"Fond memories of Elie Wiesel in Boston", Boston Globe, July 2, 2016 where he taught in both its religion and philosophy departments. He became a close friend of the president and chancellor John Silber.WEB,weblink Illustrious Friends Remember John R. Silber, The Alcalde, February 20, 2013, The university created the Elie Wiesel Center for Jewish Studies in his honor. From 1972 to 1976 Wiesel was a Distinguished Professor at the City University of New York and member of the American Federation of Teachers."For Holocaust Survivor Elie Wiesel, New York City Became Home", Wall Street Journal, July 2, 2016"About the American Federation of Teachers", American Federation of TeachersIn 1982 he served as the first Henry Luce Visiting Scholar in Humanities and Social Thought at Yale University. He also co-instructed Winter Term (January) courses at Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida. From 1997 to 1999 he was Ingeborg Rennert Visiting Professor of Judaic Studies at Barnard College of Columbia University.WEB,weblink Wiesel to Speak at Barnard; Lectures Help Launch a $2.5M Judaic Studies Chair. Columbia University Record, November 21, 1997, Columbia.edu, November 21, 1997, July 24, 2013,

Personal life

In 1969 he married Marion Erster Rose, who originally was from Austria and also translated many of his books. They had one son, Shlomo Elisha Wiesel, named after Wiesel's father. The family lived in Greenwich, Connecticut.WEB,weblink Human rights advocate Elie Wiesel turns 86, July 3, 2016, Wiesel was attacked in a San Francisco hotel by 22-year-old Holocaust denier Eric Hunt in February 2007, but was not injured. Hunt was arrested the following month and charged with multiple offenses.NEWS,weblink Police arrest man accused of attacking Wiesel: Holocaust-surviving Nobel laureate was allegedly accosted in elevator, Associated Press, MSNBC, February 18, 2007, May 17, 2011, NEWS,weblink Man gets two-year sentence for accosting Elie Wiesel, August 18, 2008, August 27, 2008, USA Today, Associated Press, File:Elie Wiesel 2012 Shankbone.JPG|thumb|Wiesel at the 2012 Time 100 ]]In February 2012, a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints performed a posthumous baptism for Simon Wiesenthal's parents without proper authorization.NEWS, Fletcher Stack, Peggy, Mormon church apologizes for baptisms of Wiesenthal's parents, The Salt Lake Tribune, Salt Lake City, Utah, February 13, 2012,weblink After his own name was submitted for proxy baptism, Wiesel spoke out against the unauthorized practice of posthumously baptizing Jews and asked presidential candidate and Latter-day Saint Mitt Romney to denounce it. Romney's campaign declined to comment, directing such questions to church officials.WEB,weblink Elie Wiesel calls on Mitt Romney to make Mormon church stop proxy baptisms of Jews, The Washington Post, February 14, 2012, July 3, 2016,

Death and after

{{wikinews|Holocaust survivor and Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel dies aged 87}}Wiesel died on the morning of July 2, 2016, at his home in Manhattan, aged 87.NEWS,weblink Elie Wiesel, Nobel winner and Holocaust survivor, dies aged 87, Yuhas, Alan, July 2, 2016, The Guardian, July 2, 2016, NEWS,weblink Elie Wiesel, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and renowned Holocaust survivor, dies at 87, Haaretz, Ronen, Shnidman, July 2, 2016, Utah senator Orrin Hatch paid tribute to Wiesel in a speech on the Senate floor the following week, in which he said that, "With Elie's passing, we have lost a beacon of humanity and hope. We have lost a hero of human rights and a luminary of Holocaust literature.""Orrin Hatch Pays Tribute to Elie Wiesel", The Weekly Standard, July 8, 2016In 2018, antisemitic graffiti was found on the house where Wiesel was born.WEB,weblink Anti-semitic graffiti on Auschwitz survivor Elie Wiesel's house - BBC News, Bbc.com, 2018-08-04, 2018-08-05,

Awards and honors

  • Prix de l'Université de la Langue Française (Prix Rivarol) for The Town Beyond the Wall, 1963.BOOK, Davis, Colin, {{Google books, qkv2bkuXX0YC, 2, yes, |title=Elie Wiesel's Secretive Texts |location=Gainesville, FL |publisher=University Press of Florida |year=1994 |isbn=0-8130-1303-8 }}
  • National Jewish Book Council Award for The Town Beyond the Wall, 1963.
  • Ingram Merrill award, 1964.WEB


, Elie Wiesel Timeline and World Events: From 1952
, Holocaust Encyclopedia
, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
,weblink
, February 4, 2012,
  • Prix Médicis for A Beggar in Jerusalem, 1968.
  • Jewish Heritage Award, Haifa University, 1975.
  • Holocaust Memorial Award, New York Society of Clinical Psychologists, 1975.
  • S.Y. Agnon Medal, 1980.
  • Jabotinsky Medal, State of Israel, 1980.
  • Prix Livre Inter, France, for The Testament, 1980.
  • Grand Prize in Literature from the City of Paris for The Fifth Son, 1983.
  • Commander in the French Legion of Honor, 1984.
  • U.S. Congressional Gold Medal, 1984.weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110723055434weblink">Congressional Gold Medal Recipients (1776 to Present)
  • Four Freedom Award for the Freedom of Worship, 1985.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150325223647weblink">weblink y, Rooseveltinstitute.org, March 25, 2015,
  • Medal of Liberty, 1986.{{Citation


| last1 = Ferraro | first1 = Thomas
| title = 12 Famous Immigrants Presented with Medal of Liberty
| newspaper = St. Petersburg Times
| date = July 4, 1986
| url =weblink| pages = 18A
| accessdate = February 5, 2012
}}

, The Niebuhr Legacy: Elie Wiesel
, Elmhurst College
,weblink
, February 5, 2012
, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120205214340weblink">weblink
, February 5, 2012
, mdy-all
,

Honorary degrees

Wiesel had received more than 90 honorary degrees from colleges worldwide."Elie Wiesel: Commencement Speaker", Newswise, May 7, 1999

, Honorary Degrees Going To 6 At Lehigh
, The Morning Call
, May 15, 1985
,weblink
, February 3, 2012,


, Presidents, premiers and peacemakers merit honorary degrees
, DePaul University
,weblink
, February 5, 2012,


, Honorary Degree Recipients
, Seton Hall University
,weblink April 17, 2005
, February 5, 2012,


, Convocation set tomorrow to honor Elie Wiesel
, Baltimore Sun
,weblink
, February 5, 2012,
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Chapman University, 2005.WEB, Coker, Matt, Elie Wiesel Joins Chapman University, to Guide Undergrads Spring Semesters Through 2015,weblink OC Weekly, January 28, 2014, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131103042543weblink">weblink November 3, 2013, mdy-all,
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Dartmouth College, 2006.
JOURNAL
, Elie Wiesel to Speak at Commencement
, Vox of Dartmouth
, Dartmouth College
, May 15, 2006
,weblink
JOURNAL
, Message from the President
, Cabrini Magazine
, 4
, 2
, 2
, Cabrini College
, Pennsylvania
, February 22, 2007
,weblink
WEB
, Elie Wiesel to Speak At UVM April 25, Receive Honorary Degree
, University of Vermont
, April 24, 2007
,weblink
, February 5, 2012,
WEB
, OU to award Elie Wiesel honorary degree during lecture
, Oakland University
, October 2, 2007
,weblink
, February 5, 2012
, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140407103315weblink">weblink
, April 7, 2014
, mdy-all
,

, ELIE WIESEL TO DELIVER INAUGURAL PRESIDENT'S LECTURE AT THE CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK
, City College of New York
, March 25, 2008
,weblink
, February 5, 2012
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20081003100536weblink">weblink
, October 3, 2008
, yes
,
WEB
, Elie Wiesel and Martin J. Whitman Among Notable American Recipients of TAU's Highest Honor
, American Friends of Tel Aviv University
, May 20, 2008
,weblink
, February 5, 2012,
  • Doctorate, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel, 2008.WEB,weblink Honorary Doctorates of the Weizmann Institute of Science, February 4, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120125153730weblink">weblink January 25, 2012, mdy-all,
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, 2009.
WEB
, Honorary Degrees
, Bucknell University
,weblink
, February 5, 2012
, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120802001644weblink">weblink
, August 2, 2012
, mdy-all
,

, 2010 honorary degree recipients announced
, Lehigh University
, March 26, 2010
,weblink
, February 3, 2012,
WEB
, Holocaust survivor, human rights activist Wiesel to deliver Commencement address
, Washington University in St. Louis
, April 5, 2011
,weblink
, February 5, 2012,
WEB
, Professor Elie Wiesel awarded the University of Warsaw Honorary Doctorate
, University of Warsaw
, 2012
,weblink
, July 6, 2012
, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120716234729weblink">weblink
, July 16, 2012
, mdy-all
, WEB
, Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel receives UBC honorary degree
, University of British Columbia
, 2012
,weblink
, September 10, 2012,
{{Expand list|date=November 2011}}

See also

Notes

{{notelist}}

References

{{Reflist}}

Bibliography

  • Berenbaum, Michael. The Vision of the Void: Theological Reflections on the Works of Elie Wiesel. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1979. {{ISBN|0-8195-6189-4}}
  • BOOK, Burger, Ariel, Witness: Lessons from Elie Wiesel's Classroom, 2018, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 978-1328802699,weblink
  • WEB


, Chighel
, Michael
, Hosanna! Eliezer Wiesel's Correspondence with the Lubavitcher Rebbe
, online book
, 2015
,weblink
  • MAGAZINE


, Cockburn
, Alexander
, Alexander Cockburn
, Did Oprah Pick Another Fibber?: Truth and Fiction in Elie Wiesel's Night: Is Frey or Wiesel the Bigger Moral Poseur?, CounterPunch
, April 1, 2006
,weblink
, February 2, 2012,
  • Davis, Colin. Elie Wiesel's Secretive Texts. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1994. {{ISBN|0-8130-1303-8}}
  • VIDEO


, Doblmeier, Martin
, The Power of Forgiveness
, Documentary
, Journey Films
, Alexandria, VA
, 2008
,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080908013631weblink">weblink yes, 2008-09-08
,
  • Downing, Frederick L. Elie Wiesel: A Religious Biography. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2008. {{ISBN|978-0-88146-099-5}}
  • Fine, Ellen S. Legacy of Night: The Literary Universe of Elie Wiesel. New York: State University of New York Press, 1982. {{ISBN|0-87395-590-0}}
  • Fonseca, Isabel. Bury Me Standing: The Gypsies and Their Journey. London: Vintage, 1996. {{ISBN|978-0-679-73743-8}}
  • JOURNAL, Friedman, John S.,weblink Elie Wiesel, The Art of Fiction No. 79, The Paris Review, Spring 1984,
  • MAGAZINE


, Hitchens, Christopher, Christopher Hitchens
, Wiesel Words
, The Nation
, February 1, 2001,weblink February 3, 2012,
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110721022925weblink">Rota, Olivier. Choisir le français pour exprimer l'indicible. Elie Wiesel, in , 2006, pp. 47–55. Re-published in Sens, dec. 2007, pp. 659–668.

Speeches and interviews

  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080914135645weblink">Elie Wiesel Video Gallery
  • {{Citation


| title = Nobel Peace Prize Winner Elie Wiesel Examines 'Building a Moral Society' in Ubben Lecture
| publisher =DePauw University
| date = September 21, 1989
| url =weblink
| accessdate = February 3, 2012}}


|last = Diamante
|first = Jeff
|title = Elie Wiesel on his beliefs
|newspaper = The Star
|location = Toronto
|date = July 29, 2006
|url =weblink
|deadurl = yes
|archiveurl =weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080602173852weblink">weblink
|archivedate = June 2, 2008
|df = mdy-all
}}.

, A conversation with Elie Wiesel
,weblink
, Charlie Rose
, Charlie Rose (talk show)
, PBS
, June 8, 2009
, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090613021629weblink">weblink
, June 13, 2009
, mdy-all
,
  • EPISODE, Unmasking Evil – Elie Wiesel, featuring Soledad O'Brien, 2009,weblink Oslo Freedom Forum 2009, Oslo Freedom Forum, Oslo Freedom Forum, 2010,
  • EPISODE, Elie Wiesel on the Leon Charney Report (Segment),weblink The Charney Report, Leon CharneyThe Charney Report, WNYE-TV, 2006,
  • EPISODE, Elie Wiesel on the Leon Charney Report,weblink The Charney Report, Leon CharneyThe Charney Report, WNYE-TV, 2006,

External links

{{Commons category}}
  • The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity
  • {{OL author}}
  • {{C-SPAN|eliewiesel}}
  • Biography on weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130121135305weblink">The Elie Wiesel Foundation For Humanity
  • Biography on The Official Website of The Nobel Prize
  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=openmind_ep1519|name=Elie Wiesel on the Nature of Human Nature (1985)}}
  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=openmind_ep1518|name=Conversations with Elie Wiesel (2001)}}
  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=openmind_ep1609|name=Anti-Semitism Redux (2002)}}
  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=openmind_ep1827|name=Anti-Semitism ..."the worlds most durable ideology" (2004)}}
  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=openmind_ep1531|name="The Open Mind – Am I My Brother's Keeper? (September 27, 2007)"}}
  • {{Internet Archive short film|id=openmind_ep1537|name="The Open Mind – Taking Life: Can It Be an Act of Compassion and Mercy (September 27, 2007)"}}
  • "Free At Last: Elie Wiesel, Plainclothes Nuns, and Breakthroughs – Or Witnessing a Witness of History", pp. 19–21 in 'Spirit of America, Vol. 39: Simple Gifts', La Crosse, WI: DigiCOPY, 2017, Essay by David Joseph Marcou about his meeting Mr. Wiesel and being official Viterbo U. Photographer for Elie Wiesel Day at Viterbo U., 9-26-06, in Book by DJ Marcou on Missouri J-School Library Web-page of David Joseph Marcou's works
  • Elie Wiesel, Nobel Luminaries - Jewish Nobel Prize Winners, on the Beit Hatfutsot-The Museum of the Jewish People Website.
{{Elie Wiesel}}{{Nobel Peace Prize Laureates 1976–2000|state=expanded}}{{Authority control}}

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