Electronic Arts

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Electronic Arts
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{{Redirect|EA}}{{For|the art form|Electronic art}}{{pp-vandalism|small=yes}}{{short description|American video game company}}{{Use American English|date=February 2019}}{{Use mdy dates|date=February 2019}}

>NASDAQ-100 component|S&P 500 component}}| industry = Video game industrySan Mateo, California, U.S.| founder = Trip HawkinsRedwood City, California>Redwood City, California| hq_location_country = U.S.| area_served = Worldwide| key_people = {{Unbulleted listAndrew Wilson (businessman)>Andrew WilsonChief Executive Officer>CEO)| Blake JorgensenChief Operating Officer>COO, CFO)| Laura Miele| (Chief Studios Officer)| Chris BruzzoChief Marketing Officer>CMO)| Ken MossChief Technology Officer>CTO)| Mala Singh| (Chief People Officer)| Ken Barker| (SVP, Chief Accounting Officer)| Larry Probst| (Chairman)}}| products = See List of Electronic Arts gamesPUBLISHER=NASDAQ, February 10, 2019, | revenue_year = 2018| operating_income = {{Increase}} US$1.43 billion| income_year = 2018| net_income = {{Increase}} US$1.04 billion| net_income_year = 2018PUBLISHER=NASDAQ, February 10, 2019, | assets_year = 2018| equity = {{Increase}} US$4.60 billion| equity_year = 2018WORK=U.S. NEWS, February 10, 2019, | num_employees_year = 2018|Studios}}weblink|}}}}Electronic Arts Inc. (EA) is an American video game company headquartered in Redwood City, California. It is the second-largest gaming company in the Americas and Europe by revenue and market capitalization after Activision Blizzard and ahead of Take-Two Interactive and Ubisoft as of March 2018.WEB,weblink Earnings report roundup: Game industry winners and losers in Q4 2017, Jon, Jordan, August 27, 2018, Founded and incorporated on May 27, 1982, by Apple employee Trip Hawkins, the company was a pioneer of the early home computer games industry and was notable for promoting the designers and programmers responsible for its games. EA published numerous games and productivity software for personal computers and later experimented on techniques to internally develop games, leading to the 1987 release of Skate or Die!. The company would later decide in favor of abandoning their original principles and acquiring smaller companies that they see profitable, as well as annually releasing franchises to stay profitable.Currently, EA develops and publishes games including EA Sports titles FIFA, Madden NFL, NHL, NBA Live, and UFC. Other EA established franchises includes Battlefield, Need for Speed, The Sims, Medal of Honor, Command & Conquer, as well as newer franchises such as Dead Space, Mass Effect, Dragon Age, Army of Two, Titanfall and (Star Wars: The Old Republic).MAGAZINE, Davison, Pete, E3: EA's Press Conference: The Round-Up,weblink GamePro,weblink" title="">weblink August 12, 2011, dead, Their desktop titles appear on self-developed Origin, an online gaming digital distribution platform for PCs and a direct competitor to Valve's Steam. EA also owns and operates major gaming studios, EA Tiburon in Orlando, EA Vancouver in Burnaby, BioWare in Edmonton as well as Austin, and DICE in Sweden and Los Angeles.WEB, About Us {{!, Locations |url= |publisher=Electronic Arts |url-status=dead |archiveurl= |archivedate=August 19, 2011}}


Trip Hawkins era: origins, founding, success (1982–1990)

File:Trip Hawkins 2013 (10627605786).jpg|240px|thumb|left|Electroinc Arts' founder, Trip HawkinsTrip HawkinsTrip Hawkins had been an employee of Apple Inc. since 1978, at a time when the company had only about fifty employees. Over the next four years, the market for home personal computers skyrocketed. By 1982, Apple had completed its initial public offering (IPO) and become a Fortune 500 company with over one thousand employees.In February 1982, Trip Hawkins arranged a meeting with Don Valentine of Sequoia CapitalWEB,weblink Electronic Arts entry,, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 8, 2009, to discuss financing his new venture, Amazin' Software. Valentine encouraged Hawkins to leave Apple, where Hawkins served as Director of Product Marketing, and allowed Hawkins use of Sequoia Capital's spare office space to start the company. On May 27, 1982,WEB,weblink Business Search – Business Entities – Business Programs – California Secretary of State,, August 27, 2018, Trip Hawkins incorporated and established the company with a personal investment of an estimated {{US$|200,000|link=yes}}.BOOK, The Video Game Explosion: A History from PONG to Playstation and Beyond, Wolf, Mark J.P., ABC-CLIO, November 2007, 978-0-313-33868-7, {{rp|89}}For more than seven months, Hawkins refined his Electronic Arts business plan. With aid from his first employee (with whom he worked in marketing at Apple), Rich Melmon, the original plan was written, mostly by Hawkins, on an Apple II in Sequoia Capital's office in August 1982. During that time, Hawkins also employed two of his former staff from Apple, Dave Evans and Pat Marriott, as producers, and a Stanford MBA classmate, Jeff Burton from Atari for international business development. The business plan was again refined in September and reissued on October 8, 1982. By November, employee headcount rose to 11, including Tim Mott, Bing Gordon, David Maynard, and Steve Hayes.WEB, Fleming, Jeffrey,weblink We See Farther – A History of Electronic Arts, Gamasutra, February 12, 2007, October 22, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 4, 2016, Having outgrown the office space provided by Sequoia Capital, the company relocated to a San Mateo office that overlooked the San Francisco Airport landing path. Headcount rose rapidly in 1983, including Don Daglow, Richard Hilleman, Stewart Bonn, David Gardner, and Nancy Fong.When he incorporated the company, Hawkins originally chose Amazin' Software as their company name, but his other early employees of the company universally disliked the name and it changed its name to Electronic Arts in November 1982.WEB,weblink GameSpy Retro: Developer Origins, Page 5 of 19, John, Keefer, March 31, 2006, GameSpy,weblink" title="">weblink June 9, 2007, dead, He scheduled an off-site meeting in the Pajaro Dunes, where the company once held such off-site meetings.NEWS, Graduation Day for Computer Entertainment, Computer Gaming World, July 1993, 108, 34, Hawkins had developed the ideas of treating software as an art form and calling the developers, "software artists". Hence, the latest version of the business plan had suggested the name "SoftArt". However, Hawkins and Melmon knew the founders of Software Arts, the creators of VisiCalc, and thought their permission should be obtained. Dan Bricklin did not want the name used because it sounded too similar (perhaps "confusingly similar") to Software Arts. However, the name concept was liked by all the attendees. Hawkins had also recently read a bestselling book about the film studio United Artists, and liked the reputation that the company had created. Hawkins said everyone had a vote but they would lose it if they went to sleep.BOOK, High Score! Expanded: The Illustrated History of Electronic Games 3rd Edition, DeMaria, Rusel, CRC Press, December 3, 2018, 9781138367197, (File:Electronic Arts historical logo 80s.svg|thumb|right|300px|Electronic Arts' original corporate logo, designed by Barry Deutsch, 1982–1999.)Hawkins liked the word "electronic", and various employees had considered the phrases "Electronic Artists" and "Electronic Arts". When Gordon and others pushed for "Electronic Artists", in tribute to the film company United Artists, Steve Hayes opposed, saying, "We're not the artists, they [the developers] are..." This statement from Hayes immediately tilted sentiment towards Electronic Arts and the name was unanimously endorsed and adopted later in 1982.He recruited his original employees from Apple, Atari, Xerox PARC, and VisiCorp, and got Steve Wozniak to agree to sit on the board of directors.(Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution) By Steven Levy, page 335Hawkins was determined to sell directly to buyers. Combined with the fact that Hawkins was pioneering new game brands, this made sales growth more challenging. Retailers wanted to buy known brands from existing distribution partners. Former CEO Larry Probst arrived as VP of Sales in late 1984 and helped expand the already successful company. This policy of dealing directly with retailers gave EA higher margins and better market awareness, key advantages the company would leverage to leapfrog its early competitors.File:Can a Computer Make You Cry advertisement.jpg|thumb|left|300px|One of the advertisements promoting the home computer as part of the "We See Farther" campaign. All the pictured "software artists" wrote at least one game published by EA.Top: Mike Abbot, Dan Bunten, Jon Freeman, Anne Westfall, (Bill Budge]]Bottom: Matt Alexander, John Field, David Maynard)A novel approach to giving credit to its developers was one of EA's trademarks in its early days. This characterization was even further reinforced with EA's packaging of most of their games in the "album cover" pioneered by EA because Hawkins thought that a record album style would both save costs and convey an artistic feeling. EA routinely referred to their developers as "artists" and gave them photo credits in their games and numerous full-page magazine ads. Their first such ad, accompanied by the slogan "We see farther," was the first video game advertisement to feature software designers.JOURNAL, EA Studios: The 32-Bit Generation, Next Generation (magazine), Next Generation, 11, November 1995, 97–99, EA also shared lavish profits with their developers, which added to their industry appeal. The square "album cover" boxes (such as the covers for 1983's M.U.L.E. and Pinball Construction Set) were a popular packaging concept by Electronic Arts, which wanted to represent their developers as "rock stars".WEB,weblink The History of the Pinball Construction Set: Launching Millions of Creative Possibilities,, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 3, 2009, {{rp|6}}}}In the mid-1980s, Electronic Arts aggressively marketed products for the Commodore Amiga, a premier home computer of the late 1980s and early 1990s in Europe. Commodore had given EA development tools and prototype machines before Amiga's actual launch.{{rp|56}} For Amiga EA published some notable non-game titles. A drawing program Deluxe Paint (1985) and its subsequent versions became perhaps the most famous piece of software available for Amiga platform. In addition, EA's Jerry Morrison conceived the idea of a file format that could store images, animations, sounds, and documents simultaneously, and would be compatible with third-party software. He wrote and released to the public the Interchange File Format, which would soon become an Amiga standard.BOOK, The Future was Here, Maher, Jimmy, MIT Press, 2012, 9780262017206, {{rp|45}} Other Amiga programs released by EA included Deluxe Music Construction Set, Instant MusicNEWS, Amiga Graphics Programs Ready, Forbes, Jim, InfoWorld, IDG, November 25, 1985, 7, 47, 17, and Deluxe Paint Animation.MAGAZINE, Deluxe Paint Animation, PC Magazine, August 1992, 11, 14, 463, Some of them, most notably Deluxe Paint, were ported to other platforms. For Macintosh EA released a black & white animation tool called Studio/1,NEW, Studio/1 Has Innovative Animation, Fine Price, Green, Doug, Green, Denise, InfoWorld, IDG, August 21, 1989, 11, 34, S16, and a series of Paint titles called Studio/8 and Studio/32 (1990).NEWS, InfoWorld, IDG, 12, 46, 62, November 12, 1990, Relationships between Electronic Arts and their external developers often became difficult when the latter missed deadlines or diverged from the former's creative directions. In 1987, EA released Skate or Die!, their first internally developed game. EA would continue publishing their external developers' games while experimenting with their internal development strategy. This led to EA's decision of purchasing out a series of companies they identify as successful, as well as the decision to release annualized franchises to cut budget costs. Because of Trip Hawkins' obsession of simulating a sports game, he signed a contract with football coach John Madden that would lead to EA's developing and releasing annual Madden NFL games.NEWS,weblink How Electronic Arts Lost Its Soul, Campbell, Colin, Polygon (website), Polygon, Vox Media, 8, July 14, 2015, February 21, 2019, {{rp|8}}{{rp|10}}In 1988 EA published a flight simulator game exclusively for Amiga, F/A-18 Interceptor, with filled-polygon graphics that were advanced for the time.NEWS, Software Reviews on File, Facts on File, 6, 103, 1990, BOOK, Game Developer's Marketplace, Sawyer, Ben, Dunne, Alex, Berg, Tor, Coriolis Group Books, 182, 1998, 978-1576101773, registration,weblink Another significant Amiga release (also initially available for Atari ST, later converted for numerous other platforms) was Populous (1989) developed by Bullfrog Productions. It was a pioneering and influential title in the genre that was later called "god games".{{rp|282}}

Hawkins stepping down, Larry Probst rising (1990–1999)

In 1990, Electronic Arts began producing console games for the Nintendo Entertainment System, after previously licensing its computer games to other console-game publishers.NEWS,weblink Electronic Arts Inks Pact With Nintendo, Computer Gaming World, May 1990, November 16, 2013, 50, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 3, 2013, A year later, Trip Hawkins stepped down as EA's CEO and was succeeded by Larry ProbstBOOK, Encyclopedia of Video Games, Wolf, Mark J. P., Greenwood Publishing Group, 1, 2012, 978-0313379369, {{rp|186}} to found the now-defunct 3DO Company, while remaining the former company's chair until July 1994. There, once a critic of game consoles, Hawkins conceived a console that unlike its competitors would not require a first-party license to be marketed, and was intended to appeal to the PC market. In October 1993, 3DO developed the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, which at the time was the most powerful game console. Electronic Arts was The 3DO Company's primary partner in sponsoring their console, showcasing on it their latest games. With a retail price of US$700 ({{inflation|US|700|1993|fmt=eq|r=2}}) compared to its competitors' $100, the console lagged in sales, and with the 1995 arrival to North America of Sony's PlayStation, a cheaper and more powerful alternative, combined with a lower quality of the 3DO's software library as a backfiring of its liberal license policy, it fell further behind and lost competition. Electronic Arts dropped its support for 3DO in favor of the PlayStation, 3DO's production ceased in 1996, and for the remainder of the company's lifetime, 3DO would develop video games for other consoles and the IBM PC until it folded in 2003.BOOK, EA: Celebrating 25 Years of Interactive Entertainment, Funk, Joe, Prima Games, 2007, 978-0761558392, {{rp|79}}{{rp|283}}{{rp|646}}NEWS,weblink Industry Bio: Trip Hawkins, Joystiq, AOL, 1, December 9, 2005, February 16, 2019, In 1995 Electronic Arts won the European Computer Trade Show award for best software publisher of the year.JOURNAL, PlayStation Dominates European Show, Next Generation (magazine), Next Generation, 6, June 1995, 15, As the company was still expanding, they opted to purchase space in Redwood Shores, California in 1995 for construction of a new headquarters,WEB,weblink EA Plans To Leave San Mateo / Game company moving to Redwood Shores, Mark, Simon, February 23, 1995, October 19, 2017, San Francisco Chronicle, which was completed in 1998.Early in 1997, Next Generation identified Electronic Arts as the only company to regularly profit from video games over the past five years, and noted it had "a critical track record second to none".MAGAZINE, So Who's Getting Rich?, Next Generation (magazine), Next Generation, 30, Imagine Media, June 1997, 43,weblink

Continuous expansion and success through the new millennium (1999–2007)

(File:Electronicartsheadquarters.jpg|280px|thumb|right|Headquarters of EA in October 2007.)EA is headquartered in the Redwood Shores neighborhood of Redwood City, California.WEB,weblink EA Redwood Shores, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 12, 2016, March 15, 2017, In 1999, EA replaced their long-running Shapes logo with one based on the EA Sports logo used at the time, and Larry Probst took over the reins. EA also started to use a brand-specific structure around this time, with the main publishing side of the company re-branding to EA Games. The EA Sports brand was retained for major sports titles, the new EA Sports Big label would be used for casual sports titles with an arcade twist, and the full Electronic Arts name would be used for co-published and distributed titles.EA began to move toward direct distribution of digital games and services with the acquisition of the popular online gaming site in 2001.WEB,weblink Acquires Leading Games Destination, GameZone, February 28, 2001, October 22, 2016, In 2009, EA acquired the London-based social gaming startup Playfish.NEWS, Schonfeld, Erick,weblink Not Playing Around. EA Buys Playfish For $300 Million, Plus a $100 Million Earnout, TechCrunch, November 9, 2009, October 22, 2016, live,weblink September 25, 2016, In 2004, EA made a multimillion-dollar donation to fund the development of game production curriculum at the University of Southern California's Interactive Media Division. On February 1, 2006, Electronic Arts announced that it would cut worldwide staff by 5 percent.WEB,weblink Electronic Arts cuts staff by 5 percent, GameSpot, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 1, 2014, February 2, 2006, On June 20, 2006, EA purchased Mythic Entertainment, who are finished making Warhammer Online.WEB, Jason, Dobson,weblink Electronic Arts To Acquire Mythic Entertainment,, June 20, 2006, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 14, 2009, After Sega's ESPN NFL 2K5 successfully grabbed market share away from EA's dominant Madden NFL series during the 2004 holiday season, EA responded by making several large sports licensing deals which include an exclusive agreement with the NFL, and in January 2005, a 15-year deal with ESPN.WEB, Surette, Tim,weblink Big Deal: EA and NFL ink exclusive licensing agreement, GameSpot, December 13, 2004, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 13, 2014, The ESPN deal gave EA exclusive first rights to all ESPN content for sports simulation games. On April 11, 2005, EA announced a similar, 6-year licensing deal with the Collegiate Licensing Company (CLC) for exclusive rights to college football content.WEB,weblink All Madden, all the time, ESPN, December 14, 2004, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 7, 2008, Much of EA's success, both in terms of sales and with regards to its stock market valuation, is due to its strategy of platform-agnostic development and the creation of strong multi-year franchises. EA was the first publisher to release yearly updates of its sports franchises—Madden, FIFA, NHL, NBA Live, Tiger Woods, etc.—with updated player rosters and small graphical and gameplay tweaks.WEB,weblink EA Puts it "In the Game",, March 24, 2009,weblink" title="">weblink March 20, 2008, Recognizing the risk of franchise fatigue among consumers, EA announced in 2006 that it would concentrate more of its effort on creating new original intellectual property.WEB, Ellie, Gibson,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink September 30, 2007, EA moves towards new IPs,, November 30, 2006, March 24, 2009, dead, In September 2006, Nokia and EA announced a partnership in which EA becomes an exclusive major supplier of mobile games to Nokia mobile devices through the Nokia Content Discoverer. In the beginning, Nokia customers were able to download seven EA titles (Tetris, Tetris Mania, The Sims 2, Doom, FIFA 06, Tiger Woods PGA Tour 06 and FIFA Street 2) on the holiday season in 2006. Rick Simonson is the executive vice-president and director of Nokia and starting from 2006 is affiliated with John Riccitiello and are partners.WEB, Rohan, Pandey,weblink EA to Supply Games for Nokia Mobile Devices | Game Guru,, September 14, 2006, May 31, 2011,

John Riccitiello era (2007–2013)

In February 2007, Probst stepped down from the CEO job while remaining on the Board of Directors. His handpicked successor is John Riccitiello, who had worked at EA for several years previously, departed for a while, and then returned.NEWS,weblink Larry Probst, Electronic Arts' Executive Chairman, Steps Down from Company and Remains on Board, Crecente, Brian, Polygon (website), Polygon, December 8, 2014, August 6, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 24, 2015, Riccitiello previously worked for Elevation Partners, Sara Lee and PepsiCo. In June 2007, new CEO John Riccitiello announced that EA would reorganize itself into four labels, each with responsibility for its own product development and publishing (the city-state model). The goal of the reorganization was to empower the labels to operate more autonomously, streamline decision-making, increase creativity and quality, and get games into the market faster.WEB,weblink EA Announces New Company Structure,, June 18, 2007, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 14, 2009, This reorganization came after years of consolidation and acquisition by EA of smaller studios, which some in the industry blamed for a decrease in quality of EA titles. In 2008, at the DICE Summit, Riccitiello called the earlier approach of "buy and assimilate" a mistake, often stripping smaller studios of its creative talent. Riccitiello said that the city-state model allows independent developers to remain autonomous to a large extent, and cited Maxis and BioWare as examples of studios thriving under the new structure.NEWS, Kohler, Chris,weblink EA's CEO: How I Learned To Acquire Developers And Not *** Them Up,, February 8, 2008, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 3, 2009, NEWS, Schiesel, Seth,weblink A Company Looks to Its Creative Side to Regain What It Had Lost, The New York Times, February 19, 2008, May 31, 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 12, 2011, Also, in 2007, EA announced that it would be bringing some of its major titles to the Macintosh. EA has released Battlefield 2142, (Command & Conquer: Tiberium Wars), Crysis, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Madden NFL 08, (Need for Speed: Carbon) and Spore for the Mac. All of the new games have been developed for the Macintosh using Cider, a technology developed by TransGaming that enables Intel-based Macs to run Windows games inside a translation layer running on Mac OS X. They are not playable on PowerPC-based Macs.WEB,weblink EA ships four Mac games, MacWorld, March 17, 2009, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 11, 2015, It was revealed in February 2008 that Electronic Arts had made a takeover bid for rival game company Take-Two Interactive. After its initial offer of {{US$|25}} per share, all cash stock transaction offer was rejected by the Take-Two board, EA revised it to {{US$|26}} per share, a 64% premium over the previous day's closing price and made the offer known to the public.WEB,weblink EA tries to buy Take-Two to keep its top spot, CNET, February 24, 2008, Terdiman, Daniel, September 17, 2008, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 23, 2015, Rumours had been floating around the Internet prior to the offer about Take-Two possibly being bought over by a bigger company, albeit with Viacom as the potential bidder.WEB,weblink Take-two Interactive: Analyst "Convinced" That Take-Two Will Be Swallowed, Kotaku, McWhertor, Michael, December 20, 2007, September 17, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 23, 2008, WEB,weblink Viacom to buy Take Two for $1.5 billion?, MCV, Dinsey, Stuart, February 7, 2008, September 17, 2008, live,weblink" title="">weblink September 11, 2014, In May 2008, EA announced that it will purchase the assets of Hands-On Mobile Korea, a South Korean mobile game developer and publisher. The company will become EA Mobile Korea.NEWS,weblink Electronic Arts to acquire Korean mobile developer, Associated Press, May 22, 2008, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 2, 2017, In September 2008, EA dropped its buyout offer of Take-Two. No reason was given.NEWS,weblink Electronic Arts drops buyout bid for rival, CTV News, September 14, 2008, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 28, 2012, As of November 6, 2008, it was confirmed that Electronic Arts is closing their Casual Label & merging it with their Hasbro partnership with The Sims Label.WEB, Crecente, Brian,weblink Electronic Arts: Electronic Arts Ditches Casual Label, Merges It With The Sims,, November 6, 2008, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 19, 2009, EA also confirmed the departure of Kathy Vrabeck, who was given the position as former president of the EA Casual Division in May 2007. EA made this statement about the merger: "We've learned a lot about casual entertainment in the past two years, and found that casual gaming defies a single genre and demographic. With the retirement and departure of Kathy Vrabeck, EA is reorganizing to integrate casual games—development and marketing—into other divisions of our business. We are merging our Casual Studios, Hasbro partnership, and Casual marketing organization with The Sims Label to be a new Sims and Casual Label, where there is a deep compatibility in the product design, marketing and demographics. [...] In the days and weeks ahead, we will make further announcements on the reporting structure for the other businesses in the Casual Label including EA Mobile, Pogo, Media Sales and Online Casual Initiatives. Those businesses remain growth priorities for EA and deserve strong support in a group that will compliment their objectives."WEB, Crecente, Brian,weblink Electronic Arts: Electronic Arts Lays Off Six Hundred,, October 30, 2008, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 3, 2009, This statement comes a week after EA announced it was laying off 6% about 600 of their staff positions and had a {{US$|310 million}} net loss for the quarter.WEB, McWhertor, Michael,weblink Things Are Tough All Over: EA Loses $310 million, Sees "Weakness At Retail" In October,, October 30, 2008, March 24, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 19, 2008, Due to the 2008 Economic Crisis, Electronic Arts had a poorer than expected 2008 holiday season, moving it in February 2009 to cut approximately 1100 jobs, which it said represented about 11% of its workforce. It also closed 12 of their facilities. Riccitiello, in a conference call with reporters, stated that their poor performance in the fourth quarter was not due entirely to the poor economy, but also to the fact that they did not release any blockbuster titles in the quarter. In the quarter ending December 31, 2008, the company lost {{US$|641 million|link=yes}}. As of early May 2009, the subsidiary studio EA Redwood Shores was known as Visceral Games.NEWS,weblink Electronic Arts has lousy quarter; slashes 1,100 jobs, May 2, 2009, Wolverton, Troy, February 3, 2009, The Mercury News, live,weblink" title="">weblink February 2, 2017, NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink February 10, 2009, EA loss widens after weak holiday season, May 2, 2009, Associated Press, February 4, 2009, The Orlando Sentinel, dead, On June 24, 2009, EA announced it will merge two of its development studios, BioWare and Mythic into one single role-playing video game and MMO development powerhouse. The move will actually place Mythic under control of BioWare as Ray Muzyka and Greg Zeschuk will be in direct control of the new entity.WEB,weblink EA combines BioWare and Mythic into new RPG/MMO group, June 25, 2009, Webster, Andrew, June 24, 2009, Ars Technica, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 25, 2009, By fall 2012, both Muzyka and Zeschuk had chosen to depart the merged entity in a joint retirement announcement.WEB, RAY MUZYKA & GREG ZESCHUK RETIRE,weblink BioWare, September 6, 2013, September 18, 2012, BioWare Community Team, live,weblink" title="">weblink August 24, 2013, WEB,weblink FROM RAY MUZYKA, March 4, 2015, September 18, 2012, BioWare, Muzyka, Ray, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 21, 2015, WEB,weblink FROM GREG ZESCHUK, March 4, 2015, September 18, 2012, BioWare, Zeschuk, Greg, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 21, 2015, On November 9, 2009, EA announced layoffs of 1,500 employees, representing 17% of its workforce, across a number of studios including EA Tiburon, Visceral Games, Mythic and EA Black Box. Also affected were "projects and support activities" that, according to Chief Financial Officer Eric Brown "don't make economic sense",NEWS, Gabrial, Madway,weblink Electronic Arts posts loss, to cut jobs, November 9, 2009, Reuters, November 9, 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 14, 2012, resulting in the shutdown of popular communities such as Battlefield News and the EA Community Team. These layoffs also led to the complete shutdown of Pandemic Studios.WEB,weblink Confirmed: EA Closes Pandemic Studios, Says Brand Will Live On, November 17, 2009, Crecente, Brian, Brian Crecente, live,weblink" title="">weblink November 19, 2009, {{anchor|Chillingo}}{{Redirect-distinguish|Chillingo|Chilango}}In October 2010, EA announced the acquisition of England-based iPhone and iPad games publisher Chillingo for {{US$|20 million}} in cash. Chillingo published the popular Angry Birds for iOS and Cut the Rope for all platforms, but the deal did not include those properties,NEWS, EA buys Angry Birds publisher Chillingo,weblink LA times, October 21, 2010, October 20, 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 23, 2010, so Cut the Rope became published by ZeptoLab, and Angry Birds became published by Rovio Entertainment.On May 4, 2011, EA reported $3.8 billion in revenues for the fiscal year ending March 2011, and on January 13, 2012, EA announced that it had exceeded $1 billion in digital revenue during the previous calendar year.WEB, Curtis, Tom, EA reorganizes after a landmark $1B digital year,weblink Gamasutra, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 27, 2017, In a note to employees, EA CEO John Riccitiello called this "an incredibly important milestone" for the company.WEB, Totilo, Stephen, This is What EA's Up To (On the Day Zynga Hired One of Their Top Guys),weblink Kotaku, January 22, 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink January 5, 2017, In June 2011, EA launched Origin, an online service to sell downloadable games directly to consumers.NEWS, EA to Test Its Might Online,weblink The Wall Street Journal, Nick, Wingfield, June 3, 2011, In July 2011, EA announced that it had acquired PopCap Games, the company behind hits such as Plants vs. Zombies and Bejeweled.WEB, EA to Acquire NFS world hack,weblink live,weblink" title="">weblink August 19, 2014, EA continued its shift toward digital goods in 2012, folding its mobile-focused EA Interactive (EAi) division "into other organizations throughout the company, specifically those divisions led by EA Labels president Frank Gibeau, COO Peter Moore, and CTO Rajat Taneja, and EVP of digital Kristian Segerstrale."WEB, Curtis, Tom, EA reorganizes after a landmark $1B digital year,weblink Gamasutra, January 22, 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 27, 2017, EA continued its shift toward digital goods in 2012, folding its mobile-focused EA Interactive (EAi) division "into other organizations throughout the company, specifically those divisions led by EA Labels president Frank Gibeau, COO Peter Moore, and CTO Rajat Taneja, and EVP of digital Kristian Segerstrale."

Andrew Wilson era: exclusive partnership with Disney, monetization, expansion (2013–present)

On March 18, 2013, John Riccitiello announced that he would be stepping down as CEO and a member of the Board of Directors on March 30, 2013. Larry Probst was also appointed executive chairman on the same day.WEB, Electronic Arts Announces Change in Executive Leadership,weblink Electronic Arts, March 18, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink March 19, 2013, Andrew Wilson was named as the new CEO of EA by September 2013.WEB, Andrew Wilson named EA CEO,weblink Gamespot, September 18, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink October 23, 2013, In April 2013, EA announced a reorganization which was to include dismissal of 10% of their workforce, consolidation of marketing functions which were distributed among the five label organizations, and subsumption of Origin operational leadership under the President of Labels.WEB,weblink Here's EA's Internal Memo On The Layoffs Today, Cutler, Kim-Mai, April 25, 2013, TechCrunch, AOL, May 8, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 4, 2013, WEB,weblink EA Reboot Cost 900 Jobs, Paczkowski, John, May 9, 2013, All Things Digital, Dow Jones & Company, Dow Jones, May 8, 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 13, 2013, EA acquired the lucrative exclusive license to develop games within the Star Wars universe from Disney in May 2013, shortly after Disney's closure of its internal LucasArts game development in 2013. EA secured its license from 2013 through 2023, and began to assign new Star Wars projects across several of its internal studios, including BioWare, DICE, Visceral Games, Motive Studios, Capital Games and external developer Respawn Entertainment.WEB,weblink EA and Disney sign exclusive deal for rights to Star Wars games, Samit, Sarker, Polygon (website), Polygon, May 6, 2013, May 5, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink April 27, 2016, WEB,weblink Respawn has been working on a Star Wars action-adventure game for two years, Sam, Machkovech, Ars Technica, May 5, 2015, May 5, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 5, 2016, In April 2015, EA announced that it would be shutting down various free-to-play games in July of that year, including Battlefield Heroes, Battlefield Play4Free, (Need for Speed: World), and FIFA World.WEB, Handrahan, Matthew, EA is closing two-thirds of its core free-to-play games,weblink, May 10, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 11, 2015, The reorganization and revised marketing strategy lead to a gradual increase in stock value. In July 2015, Electronic Arts reached an all-time high with a stock value of US$71.63, surpassing the previous February 2005 record of $68.12. This is also up 54% from $46.57 in early January 2015. The surge was partly attributed to EA's then-highly anticipated Star Wars Battlefront reboot, which released one month before (Star Wars: The Force Awakens), also highly anticipated.NEWS,weblink Electronic Arts' stock price is at an all-time high, Grubb, Jeff, VentureBeat, July 10, 2015, February 15, 2019, During E3 2015, vice-president of the company, Patrick Söderlund, announced that the company will start investing more on smaller titles such as Unravel so as to broaden the company's portfolio.WEB,weblink EA's Future Includes More Smaller Games Like Unravel, Mike, Futter, Game Informer, June 16, 2015, June 16, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 20, 2015, On December 10, 2015, EA announced a new division called Competitive Gaming Division, which focuses on creating competitive game experience and organizing ESports events. It was once headed by Peter Moore.WEB,weblink EA Launching Its Own Competitive Gaming Division Headed by Peter Moore, Chris, Pereira, GameSpot, December 10, 2015, December 11, 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink December 13, 2015, In May 2016, Electronic Arts announced that they had formed a new internal division called Frostbite Labs. The new department specializes in creating new projects for virtual reality platforms, and "virtual humans". The new department is located in Stockholm and Vancouver.WEB,weblink EA Forms New Team to Explore Future Tech, Including Virtual Humans for VR, Eddie, Makuch, GameSpot, May 17, 2016, May 18, 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink May 21, 2016, EA announced the closure of Visceral Games in October 2017. Prior, Visceral had been supporting EA's other games but was also working on a Star Wars title named Project Ragtag since EA's acquisition of the Star Wars license, even hiring Amy Hennig to direct the project. While EA did not formally give a reason for the closure, industry pundits believed that EA was concerned about the principally single-player game which would be difficult to monetize, as well as the slow pace of development.WEB,weblink The Collapse Of Visceral's Ambitious Star Wars Game, Jason, Schreier, October 27, 2017, October 28, 2017, Kotaku, EA's original approach to the microtransactions in Star Wars Battlefront II sparked an industry-wide debate on the use of random-content loot boxes. While other games had used loot boxes, EA's original approach within Battlefront II from its early October 2017 launch included using such mechanics for pay to win gameplay elements, as well as locking various Star Wars characters behind expensive paywalls, leading several gaming journalists and players to complain. EA modified some of the costs of these elements in anticipation of the game's full November 2017 launch, but they were reportedly told by Disney to disable all microtransactions until they could come up with a fairer monetization scheme.WEB,weblink Electronic Arts Pulls Microtransactions From 'Star Wars Battlefront II' After Fan Backlash, Sarah, Needleman, Ben, Fritz, November 17, 2017, November 17, 2017, The Wall Street Journal, Ultimately, by March 2018, EA had developed a fairer system that eliminated the pay to win elements and drastically reduced costs for unlocking characters. The controversy over Battlefront II{{'s}} loot boxes led to an 8.5% drop in stock value in one month—about $3.1 billion and impacted EA's financial results for the following quarters. Further, the visibility of this controversial led to debate at government levels around the world to determine if loot boxes were a form of gambling and if they should be regulated.WEB,weblink It could take 40 hours to unlock a single hero in Star Wars Battlefront II, Whitwam, Ryan, ExtremeTech, November 13, 2017, May 21, 2019, WEB,weblink Star Wars Battlefront 2's Loot Box Controversy Explained, GameSpot, November 22, 2017, May 21, 2019, WEB,weblink EA Loses $3 Billion in Stock Value after Battlefront 2 Debacle, Faulkner, Jason, GameRevolution, November 28, 2017, May 21, 2019, WEB,weblink EA Agrees to Remove FIFA Loot Boxes in Belgium, Whitwam, Ryan, ExtremeTech, January 31, 2019, May 21, 2019, In January 2018, EA announced eMLS, a new competitive league for EA Sports' FIFA 18 through its Competitive Gaming Division (CGD) and MLS.WEB, MLS announces eMLS, a new competitive league for EA Sports FIFA 18,weblink January 12, 2018, March 27, 2018, That same month, EA teamed up with ESPN and Disney XD in a multi-year pact to broadcast Madden NFL competitive matches across the world through its Competitive Gaming Division arm.WEB, Electronic Arts, ESPN, Disney XD and the NFL Announce First Long-Term, Multi-Event Competitive Gaming Network Agreement,weblink January 26, 2018, On August 14, 2018, Patrick Söderlund announced his departure from EA as its vice-president and chief design officer, after serving twelve years with the company. With Söderlund's departure, the SEED group was moved as part of EA's studios, while the EA Originals and EA Partners teams were moved under the company's Strategic Growth group.WEB,weblink Patrick Söderlund leaves Electronic Arts after 12 years, James, Batchelor, August 14, 2018, August 14, 2018,, On February 6, 2019, Electronic Arts' stock value was hit by a decline of 13.3%, the worst decline since Halloween 2008. This was largely due to the marketing of their anticipated title Battlefield V, which was released after the holiday season of October 2018. Stocks were already declining since late August, when EA announced that Battlefield V{{'}}s release would be delayed until November. Upon release, the game was met with a mixed reception, and EA sold one million fewer copies than their expected figure of 7.3 million. Also attributed to the stock plunge was the game's lack of the game mode Battle Royale, popularized by PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds and then Fortnite.WEB,weblink Electronic Arts stock suffers largest drop in more than a decade after earnings miss, Cherney, Max A., MarketWatch, February 6, 2019, February 21, 2019, Stocks then surged 9.6% with the surprise release of Apex Legends, which garnered 25 million players in just one week, smashing Fortnite{{'}}s record of 10 million players in two weeks.WEB,weblink Apex Legends reaches a staggering 25 million players in just a week, Avard, Alex, Sullivan, Lucas, GamesRadar+, February 11, 2019, February 21, 2019, WEB,weblink EA's 'Apex Legends' tops 'Fortnite' record with 25 million signups in a week, Rana, Akanksha, Reuters, February 12, 2019, February 21, 2019, In advance of the end of its financial quarter ending March 31, 2019, Wilson announced they were cutting about 350 jobs, or about 4% of its workforce, primarily from their marketing, publishing, and operations divisions. Wilson stated the layoffs were necessary to "address our challenges and prepare for the opportunities ahead".WEB,weblink Layoffs hit EA, CEO says they are necessary to 'address our challenges', Charlie, Hall, March 26, 2019, March 26, 2019, Polygon (website), Polygon,


Corporate structure


{{Unsourced section|date=October 2019}}{{See also|List of acquisitions by Electronic Arts}}{| class="wikitable sortable"! Name! Location! Founded! Acquired| BioWare| Edmonton, Alberta, Canada| 1995| 2007| Chillingo| Macclesfield, England, United Kingdom| 2002| 2010| Criterion Games| Guildford, England, United Kingdom| 1993| 2004EA DICE>DICE| Stockholm, Sweden| 1992 (in Växjö, Sweden)| 2006| EA Baton Rouge| Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States| 2008| —| EA Mobile| Los Angeles, California, United States| 2004| —| EA Montreal| Montreal, Quebec, Canada| 2004| —| EA Romania| Bucharest, Romania| 2006| —| EA Tiburon| Maitland, Florida| 1994| 1998| EA Vancouver| Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada| 1983| 1991| Frostbite Labs| Stockholm, Sweden| 2016| —| Ghost Games| Gothenburg, Sweden| 2011| —| Maxis| Redwood City, California, United States| 1987| 1997| Motive Studios| Montreal, Canada| 2015| —| PopCap Games| Seattle, Washington, United States| 2000| 2011| Respawn Entertainment| Sherman Oaks, California, United States| 2010| 2017| Spearhead| Seoul, South Korea| 1998| —| Uprise| Uppsala, Sweden| —| 2012


  • BioWare Montreal in Montreal, Canada; Founded in March 2009, the studio merged into Motive Studios on August 2017.WEB,weblink EA confirms BioWare Montreal is merging with Motive, Kerr, Chris,, en, 2019-09-09,
  • BioWare San Francisco in San Francisco, California. Founded as EA2D, the studio was renamed on August 2011 and closed on March 2013.WEB,weblink EA Confirms EA2D Is Now BioWare San Francisco, Orland, Kyle,, en, 2019-09-09, WEB,weblink EA closes BioWare San Francisco, Shacknews, en, 2019-09-09,
  • Bullfrog Productions in Guildford, England; Acquired in January 1995, the studio closed in 2001.
  • Criterion Games in Derby, England; Acquired in August 2004, the studio closed in 2006.
  • DICE Canada in London, Canada; Acquired and closed on October 2006.
  • EA Baltimore in Baltimore, Maryland; Founded in 1998, the studio closed in 2002.
  • EA Bright Light in Guildford, England; Founded in 1995 as EA UK, the studio was renamed in 2008 and closed in October 2011.
  • EA Chicago in Hoffman Estates, Illinois; Founded on February 2004, the studio closed on November 2007.
  • EA North Carolina in Morrisville, North Carolina; The studio closed in September 2013.WEB,weblink Exclusive: EA Shutters North Carolina Studio {{!, The Escapist||language=en|access-date=2019-09-09}}
  • EA Pacific in Irvine, California; The studio was acquired in August 1998 as Westwood Pacific, the studio was renamed in 2002 and closed in 2003.
  • EA Phenomic in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany; The studio was acquired on August 2006 and closed in July 2013.WEB,weblink EA buys Phenomic, Loughrey, Paul, 2006-08-24, Eurogamer, en, 2019-09-09, WEB,weblink EA Phenomic closed,, en, 2019-09-09,
  • EA Salt Lake in Salt Lake City, Utah; The studio was acquired on December 2006 and closed in April 2017.WEB,weblink EA forms Wii-centric studio, GameSpot, en-US, 2019-09-09,
  • EA Seattle in Seattle, Washington; The studio was acquired in January 1996 and closed in 2002.
  • Easy Studios in Stockholm, Sweden; The studio was founded in 2008 and closed in March 2015.
  • Firemint in Melbourne, Australia; The studio was acquired in May 2011 and merged with Iron Monkey Studios to become Firemonkeys Studios in July 2012.
  • Iron Monkey Studios in Sydney, Australia; The studio was acquired in May 2011 and merged with Firemint to become Firemonkeys Studios in July 2012.
  • Kesmai in Charlottesville, Virginia; The studio was acquired in 1999 and closed in 2001.
  • Maxis in Emeryville, California; The studio was closed in March 2015.NEWS,weblink EA Shuts Down SimCity Developer Maxis, Schreier, Jason,
  • Mythic Entertainment in Fairfax, Virginia; Acquired in July 2006 as EA Mythic, the studio became Mythic Entertainment on July 2008, then BioWare Mythic in June 2009 and again Mythic Entertainment in 2012. The studio closed in May 2014.WEB,weblink EA drops Warhammer on Mythic, GameSpot, en-US, 2019-09-09, NEWS,weblink EA Shuts Down Longtime Game Studio Mythic Entertainment, Schreier, Jason,
  • NuFX in Hoffman Estates, Illinois; The studio was acquired in February 2004 and closed in the same year.
  • Quicklime Studios in Burnaby, Canada; Acquired on June 2002 as EA Black Box, the studio was renamed on July 2012 and closed on April 2013.WEB,weblink EA to buy Black Box, GameSpot, en-US, 2019-09-09, WEB,weblink" title="">weblink [Updated] EA Partners, Other Divisions Facing Closure - News -, 2013-10-17,, 2019-09-09,
  • Origin Systems in Austin, Texas; The studio was acquired in September 1992 and closed in February 2004.
  • Pandemic Studios in Los Angeles, California and Brisbane, Australia; The studio was acquired in October 2007 and closed in November 2009.NEWS,weblink EA buys BioWare, Pandemic - IGN, Geddes, Ryan, NEWS,weblink Pandemic Brisbane Shuts Down -, NEWS,weblink Confirmed: EA Closes Pandemic Studios, Says Brand Will Live On, Crecente, Brian,
  • Playfish in London, England; The studio was acquired in 2009 and closed in June 2013.NEWS,weblink Electronic Arts to Cut 17% of Staff And Buy Playfish, Kane, Yukari Iwatani, 2009-11-10, Wall Street Journal, 2019-09-09, en-US, 0099-9660,
  • {{Anchor|Victory Games}}Victory Games in Los Angeles, California; Founded in February 2011 as BioWare Victory, the studio was renamed on November 2012 and closed on October 2013, developing the cancelled video game Command & Conquer.
  • Visceral Games in Redwood City, California; Founded in 1998 as EA Redwood Shores, the studio was renamed in 2009 and closed in October 2017.NEWS,weblink Dead Space Devs Change Their Name To Visceral Games, McWhertor, Michael, WEB,weblink EA has shut down Visceral Games, Wales, Matt, 2017-10-17, Eurogamer, en, 2019-09-09,
  • Waystone Games in Los Angeles, California; The studio closed in November 2014.WEB,weblink EA Terminates Development Of MOBA Dawngate, Service Ends In 90 Days, Futter, Mike, Game Informer, en, 2019-09-09,
  • Westwood Studios in Las Vegas, Nevada; The studio was acquired in August 1998 and closed in March 2003.WEB,weblink Electronic Arts buys Westwood Studios - Aug. 17, 1998,, 2019-09-09, WEB,weblink EA consolidates studios, closes Westwood, GameSpot, en-US, 2019-09-09,


EA Worldwide Studios

Formerly EA Games, EA Worldwide Studios is home to many of EA's studios, which are responsible for action-adventure, role playing, racing and combat games marketed under the EA brand. In addition to traditional packaged-goods games, EA Worldwide Studios also develops massively multiplayer online role-playing games.{{citation needed|date=February 2019}} As of April 2018, the division is led by Laura Miele.WEB,weblink EA Names New Executives In Big Shuffle, Steve, Watts, April 13, 2018, August 27, 2018,

EA Sports

First introduced in 1991 as the Electronic Arts Sports Network, before being renamed due to a trademark dispute with ESPN,BOOK, American Sports: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas, Nelson, Murry R., ABC-CLIO, 2013, 372, EA Sports publishes all the sports games from EA, including FIFA Football, Madden NFL, Fight Night, NBA Live, NCAA Football, Cricket, NCAA March Madness, Tiger Woods PGA Tour, NHL Hockey, NASCAR and Rugby.{{citation needed|date=February 2019}} In 2011, Forbes ranked EA Sports eighth on their list of most valuable sports brands, with a value of {{US$|625 million|long=no}}.WEB,weblink The Forbes Fab 40: The World's Most Valuable Sports Brands, Ozanian, Mike, Forbes, October 3, 2011, February 17, 2019,

EA All Play

EA All Play is a mobile-oriented label that, since 2012, publishes digital titles like The Simpsons', Tetris, and Battlefield, as well as Hasbro board games like Scrabble.WEB,weblink EA Mobile doubles down on free-to-play, Handrahan, Matthew,, Gamer Network, January 10, 2013, February 20, 2019,

EA Competitive Gaming Division

The EA Competitive Gaming Division (CGD), founded in 2015 by Peter Moore and currently headed by Todd Sitrin, is the group dedicated on enabling global eSports competitions on EA's biggest franchises including FIFA, Madden NFL, Battlefield and more.WEB,weblink Announcing the EA Competitive Gaming Division, Led by Peter Moore, Electronic, Arts, December 10, 2015, August 27, 2018,


The Search for Extraordinary Experiences Division (SEED) was revealed at the 2017 Electronic Entertainment Expo as a technology research division and incubator, using tools like deep learning and neural networks to bring in player experiences and other external factors to help them develop more immersive narratives and games.WEB,weblink SEED is a stealthy, high-tech incubator inside EA, Charlie, Hall, June 10, 2017, June 12, 2017, Polygon (website), Polygon, live,weblink June 10, 2017, WEB,weblink EA Boss Andrew Wilson's Vision of Gaming's Future Will Blow Your Mind, John, Davidson, June 10, 2017, June 12, 2017, Glixel, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 12, 2017, SEED has offices in Los Angeles and Stockholm.WEB,weblink EA opens 'SEED' game tech research division, Chris, Kerr, June 12, 2017, June 12, 2017, Gamasutra,

Former labels

  • EA Kids — A label for educational titles. In January 1995, EA sold the label to and in conjunction with Capital Cities/ABC formed the independent ABC/EA Home Software, which was later absorbed into Creative Wonders in that year's May.NEWS, New EAKids Line Debuts, Two Old Favotites Return, Taft, Charles, PC Magazine, Ziff Davis, October 26, 1993, 12, 18, 482, NEWS, ABC goes interactive with Electronic Arts, Screen Digest, January 1995, 5, NEWS, EA, Cap Cities Beget Creative Wonders, Gillen, Marilyn A., Billboard (magazine), Billboard, May 13, 1995, 107, 19, 90,
  • EA Sports Big — A label introduced in 2000, and used for arcade-styled extreme sports. In 2008, Electronic Arts retired the EA Sports Big label and replaced it with EA Sports Freestyle, which would focus exclusively on casual sports games, regardless of genre. The label was used for just a few games until being quietly retired.WEB,weblink The Rise and Fall of EA Sports Big, as Told by the Creator of SSX, Bajda, Piotr, USgamer, Gamer Network, January 9, 2018, February 16, 2019,


{{Refimprove section|date=October 2019}}


  • Bioware Austin, Austin, Texas, United States, Acquired in October 2007


  • DICE LA, Los Angeles, California, United States, Established in May 2013WEB,weblink DICE LA: From the Ashes of Medal of Honor, Mitch, Dyer, May 16, 2013, IGN,

EA Mobile

  • Capital Games, Sacramento, California, United States, Acquired in 2011NEWS,weblink Free-to-play Heroes of Dragon Age coming to mobile (update) - Polygon, Sarkar, Samit, From 2011 to 2014, the studio was named BioWare Sacramento.WEB,weblink EA Acquires KlickNation, 2011-12-01,, en, 2019-09-09,
  • EA Mobile Korea, Seoul, South Korea, Acquired in May 2008
  • EA Mobile Montreal, Montreal, Canada, Acquired in December 2005
  • EA Redwood Studios, Redwood City, California, United States, Founded in 2016
  • Firemonkeys Studios, Melbourne, Australia, Acquired in July 2012
  • Industrial Toys, Pasadena, California, United States, Acquired in July 2018WEB,weblink Electronic Arts Acquires Industrial Toys, 2018-07-09,, en, 2019-09-09,
  • Slingshot Games, Hyderabad, India, —
  • Tracktwenty Studios, Helsinki, Finland, Founded in 2012

Frostbite Labs

  • Frostbite Vancouver, Burnaby, Canada, Founded in May 2016

Ghost Games

  • Ghost Games Romania, Bucharest, Romania, Founded in March 2015.WEB,weblink Need For Speed developer Ghost Games expands into Bucharest,, en, 2019-09-09,
  • Ghost Games UK, Guildford, England, United Kingdom, Founded in September 2013NEWS,weblink Majority of Criterion staff now Ghost Games UK, core team down to 16 people - Polygon, McElroy, Griffin,

Motive Studios

  • Motive Studios Vancouver, Burnaby, Canada, Founded in June 2018WEB,weblink Battlefront II developer EA Motive expands with Vancouver opening, Kerr, Chris,, en, 2019-09-09,

PopCap Games

  • PopCap Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, —
  • PopCap Shanghai, Shanghai, China, Acquired in July 2011
  • PopCap Vancouver, Burnaby, Canada, —

Partnership and initiatives

EA Partners program (1997–present)

EA Partners co-publishing program was dedicated to publishing and distributing games developed by third-party developers. EA Partners began as EA Distribution, formed in 1997 and led by Tom Frisina, a former executive from Accolade and Three-Sixty who helped both companies find third-party developers as to provide publishing support for them. Frisina's early partners included Looking Glass Studios, MGM Interactive for the rights to the James Bond property, DreamWorks Interactive, and eventually DICE; in the latter two cases, these studios would later be acquired by EA as part of the EA DICE family. In 2003, EA's president John Riccitiello pushed for a renaming of the EA Distribution label, seeing the potential to bring in more independent developers and additional revenue streams. While they rebraned the label as EA Partners in 2003, Riccitiello left EA the following year, which disrupted the direction the label had been aiming to go.WEB,weblink EA Partners formed, Layton, Thomas, GameSpot, CBS Interactive, September 15, 2003, February 20, 2019, WEB,weblink A History Of EA Partners, Bryon, Vore, May 25, 2010, March 25, 2019, Game Informer, Oddworld Inhabitants, who had signed on with EA Partner for their next Oddworld games, found the situation difficult as EA Partners was reluctant to support games where they did not own the intellectual property rights and instead favored internal development. The situation with EA Partners switched gears in 2005 after EA and Valve Corporation signed a EA Partners deal for the physical distribution of The Orange Box; EA Partners realized it needed to be flexible to handle the different publishing opportunities presented to them. A similar breakthrough was reached with signing on Harmonix for the distribution of the Rock Band games, requiring them to work closely with MTV Games on the plastic instrument controllers necessary for the titles. A number of major partnerships were made over the next few years, including Namco Bandai, Crytek, Starbreeze Studios, id Software, Epic Games and People Can Fly, Double Fine Productions, Grasshopper Manufacture, Spicy Horse, and Realtime Worlds. While many of these partnerships proved successful, the division had two major marks on its name. It was associated with the situation around (Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning) developed by 38 Studios, which had been significantly backed by loans from taxpayer funds from the state of Rhode Island. Kingdoms failed to be commercially successful, and EA Partners pulled out of making a sequel, leaving 38 Studios in default of its loan payback to the state. Secondly, while The Secret World from Funcom launched as a paid-for game without subscriptions, Funcom had to switch their monetization model to free-to-play to improve their revenues, which further affected EA Partners.WEB,weblink EA Partners, publisher of Portal 2, Left 4 Dead, Crysis and more, is shutting down, Wesley, Yin-Poole, April 25, 2013, March 25, 2019, Eurogamer, Around April 2013, as part of a large 1000-employee layoff, many reporters claimed that EA Partners was also being shut down for its poor commercial performance,WEB,weblink Electronic Arts layoffs and studio closures pile up, EA Partners could be on the chopping block, Adi, Robertson, April 23, 2013, March 25, 2019, The Verge, but the program remained active as the company refocused its efforts.WEB,weblink EA Partners isn't dead, says exec, Brian, Crecente, June 9, 2013, March 25, 2019, Polygon (website), Polygon, The label remained dormant over the next several years, while Letts expanded on the EA Originals program, but following the move of EA Partners and EA Origins into the Strategic Growth group in August 2018,WEB,weblink EA Chief Design Officer Patrick Soderlund Leaves Company, Brian, Crecente, August 14, 2018, March 25, 2019, Variety (magazine), Variety, the label was revived on the March 2019 with a publishing deal with Velan Studios, formed from the former heads of Vicarious Visions.MAGAZINE,weblink EA Partners will publish the first game from Karthik and Guha Bala's newly formed Velan Studios, Patrick, Shanley, March 25, 2019, March 25, 2019, The Hollywood Reporter, Notable publishing/distribution agreements include:

EA Originals program (2017–present)

{{anchor|EA Originals|Fe}}EA Originals is a program within Electronic Arts to help support independently-developed video games. The program was announced at EA's press event at the 2016 E3 Conference, and builds upon the success they had with Unravel by Coldwood Interactive in 2015. The first game to be supported under this program is Fe by Zoink, with plans for release in 2018.WEB,weblink EA Originals Gives Big Support To Small Games, Mike, Fahey, June 12, 2016, June 12, 2016, Kotaku, live,weblink" title="">weblink June 12, 2016, WEB,weblink The breathtaking Fe could be 2018's most moving game, Allegra, Frank, August 23, 2017, August 23, 2017, Polygon (website), Polygon, It was followed by A Way Out by Hazelight Studios and eventually Sea of Solitude by Jo-Mei Games.

Criticism and controversy

Since the mid-2000s, Electronic Arts has been in the center of numerous controversies involving acquisitions of companies and alleged anti-consumerist practices in their individual games (which can be further read on their own articles), as well as lawsuits alleging EA's anti-competition when signing sports-related contracts.

See also



Further reading

External links

{{Commons category|Electronic Arts}}
  • {{Official website}}
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